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1.
Nanotechnology ; 32(1): 012002, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679577

RESUMO

Recent progress in artificial intelligence is largely attributed to the rapid development of machine learning, especially in the algorithm and neural network models. However, it is the performance of the hardware, in particular the energy efficiency of a computing system that sets the fundamental limit of the capability of machine learning. Data-centric computing requires a revolution in hardware systems, since traditional digital computers based on transistors and the von Neumann architecture were not purposely designed for neuromorphic computing. A hardware platform based on emerging devices and new architecture is the hope for future computing with dramatically improved throughput and energy efficiency. Building such a system, nevertheless, faces a number of challenges, ranging from materials selection, device optimization, circuit fabrication and system integration, to name a few. The aim of this Roadmap is to present a snapshot of emerging hardware technologies that are potentially beneficial for machine learning, providing the Nanotechnology readers with a perspective of challenges and opportunities in this burgeoning field.

2.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040539

RESUMO

Benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is a rare condition that occurs mainly in premenopausal women and is characterized most commonly by pulmonary metastases. Here, we report the case of a 45-yearold woman who presented with multiple bilateral pulmonary nodules on chest examination during a health checkup 13 years after myomectomy. This patient has a normal menstrual cycle, moderate anemia, and no obvious respiratory symptoms. Serum concentrations of cancer markers such as carcinoembryonic antigen, neuron specific enolase, cytokeratin 19 fragments, and pro-gastrin-releasing peptide were within normal limits. Color doppler ultrasound was also performed, several hypoechoic regions were found in uterine bodies and cavity. The computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsy was used for histopathological examination. Immunohistochemical staining revealed BML which were positive for smooth muscle antibody, desmin, vimentin, estrogen and progesterone receptors, and Ki-67 positive rate of about 1%. Hysterectomy and bilateral adnexectomy were performed as a part of treatment. The lung nodules were meticulously monitored at follow-up. Three months later, the repeat CT scan showed that the nodules had reduced in size, and no new nodules had appeared, 1 year later, CT scan showed no obvious changes in lung nodules. This study is of great significance as the results will be helpful in diagnosing and treating future pulmonary benign metastasizing leiomyoma (PBML) cases.

3.
J Mol Endocrinol ; 65(4): 135-148, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048061

RESUMO

The pituitary gland functions as a prominent regulator of diverse physiologic processes by secreting multiple hormones. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are an emerging novel type of endogenous noncoding RNA that have recently been recognized as powerful regulators participating in various biological processes. However, the physiological roles and molecular mechanisms of circRNAs in pituitary remain largely unclear. Herein, we concentrated on expounding the biological function and molecular mechanism of circRNA in rat pituitary. In this study, we identified a novel circRNA in pituitary tissue, circAkap17b, which was pituitary- and stage-specific. Then, we designed circAkap17b siRNA and constructed an overexpression plasmid to evaluate the effect of loss- and gain-of-circAkap17b function on FSH secretion. Interestingly, silencing circAkakp17b significantly inhibited FSH expression and secretion, while overexpression of circAkap17b enhanced FSH expression and secretion. Furthermore, dual luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assays confirmed that circAkap17b could serve as miR-7 sponge to regulate target genes. Additionally, miR-7b suppressed FSH expression and secretion by directly targeting Fshb through the dual luciferase reporter and RT-qPCR analysis. Additionally, rescue experiments showed that circAkap17b could regulate FSH secretion in pituitary cells through a circAkap17b-miR-7-Fshb axis. Collectively, we demonstrated that circAkap17b could act as a molecular sponge of miR-7 to upregulate expression of the target gene Fshb and facilitate FSH secretion. These findings provide evidence for a novel regulatory role of circRNAs in pituitary.

4.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048602

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate anti-aging protein klotho levels in the aqueous humor and its association with oxidative stress and inflammation in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). METHODS: Levels of klotho, oxidative, and antioxidative stress markers, and proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory markers in the aqueous humor from 28 patients with exudative AMD and 35 age-matched controls were measured. RESULTS: Patients with AMD had lower levels of klotho, which were negatively correlated with macular lesion size. Patients with AMD also exhibited increased levels of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and interleukin (IL)-6 but not tumor necrosis factor­α, and decreased levels of total antioxidant status (TAS) and IL-10. Moreover, levels of klotho were negatively correlated with levels of 8-OHdG and IL-6, but positively correlated with levels of TSA and IL-10. CONCLUSION: Klotho levels in the aqueous humor are decreased and associated with oxidative stress and inflammation in patients with exudative AMD.

5.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006444

RESUMO

Alternative splicing (AS) is assumed to play important roles in the progression and prognosis of cancer. Currently, the comprehensive analysis and clinical relevance of AS in lower-grade diffuse gliomas have not been systematically addressed. Here, we gathered alternative splicing data of lower-grade diffuse gliomas from SpliceSeq. Based on the Percent Spliced In (PSI) values of 515 lower-grade diffuse glioma patients from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we performed subtype-differential AS analysis and consensus clustering to determine robust clusters of patients. A total of 48 050 AS events in 10 787 genes in lower-grade diffuse gliomas were profiled. Subtype-differential splicing analysis and functional annotation revealed that spliced genes were significantly enriched in numerous cancer-related biological phenotypes and signalling pathways. Consensus clustering using AS events identified three robust clusters of patients with distinguished pathological and prognostic features. Moreover, each cluster was also associated with distinct genomic alterations. Finally, we developed and validated an AS-related signature with Cox proportional hazards model. The signature, significantly associated with clinical and molecular features, could serve as an independent prognostic factor for lower-grade diffuse gliomas. Thus, our results indicated that AS events could discriminate molecular subtypes and have prognostic impact in lower-grade diffuse gliomas.

6.
Theranostics ; 10(24): 11197-11214, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042278

RESUMO

Rationale: The development of a highly effective and tumor-specific therapeutic strategy, which can act against the primary tumor and also condition the host immune system to eliminate distant tumors, remains a clinical challenge. Methods: Herein, we demonstrate a facile yet versatile ZnO-capping and Doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded multifunctional nanocomposite (AuNP@mSiO2@DOX-ZnO) that integrates photothermal properties of gold nanoparticles (NPs), pH-responsive properties and preferential selectivity to tumor cells of ZnO QDs and chemotherapeutic agent into a single NP. The photothermal performance, pH-triggered release and preferential phagocytic ability were assessed. The induced anti-tumor immunity was determined by analyzing immune cell profile in tumor in vivo and molecular mechanism were identified by detecting expression of immunogenic cell death (ICD) markers in vitro. Moreover, mice models of unilateral and bilateral subcutaneous melanoma and lung metastasis were established to evaluate the antitumor effects. Results: As an efficient drug carrier, ZnO-capped NPs guarantee a high DOX payload and an in vitro, efficient release of at pH 5.0. In murine melanoma models, the nanocomposite can significantly inhibit tumor growth for a short period upon low-power laser irradiation. Importantly, ZnO NPs not only demonstrate preferential selectivity for melanoma cells but can also induce ICD. Meanwhile, AuNP@mSiO2-based photothermal therapy (PTT) and DOX are directly cytotoxic towards cancer cells and demonstrate an elevated ICD effect. The induced ICD promotes maturation of dendritic cells, further stimulating the infiltration of effector T cells into tumor sites, preventing tumor growth and distant lung metastases. Conclusions: This study highlights the novel mechanism of ZnO-triggered anti-tumor immunity via inducing ICD. Additionally, we shed light on the multifunctionality of nanocomposites in delivering localized skin tumor therapy as well as inhibiting metastatic growth, which holds great promise in clinical applications.

7.
J Reprod Dev ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055461

RESUMO

Carnosic acid (CA), a natural catechol rosin diterpene, is used as an additive in animal feeds and human foods. However, the effects of CA on mammalian reproductive processes, especially early embryonic development, are unclear. In this study, we added CA to parthenogenetically activated porcine embryos in an in vitro culture medium to explore the influence of CA on apoptosis, proliferation, blastocyst formation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, glutathione (GSH) levels, mitochondrial membrane potential, and embryonic development-related gene expression. The results showed that supplementation with 10 µM CA during in vitro culture significantly improved the cleavage rates, blastocyst formation rates, hatching rates, and total numbers of cells of parthenogenetically activated porcine embryos compared with no supplementation. More importantly, supplementation with CA also improved GSH levels and mitochondrial membrane potential, reduced natural ROS levels in blastomeres, upregulated Nanog, Sox2, Gata4, Cox2, Itga5, and Rictor expression, and downregulated Birc5 and Caspase3 expression. These results suggest that CA can improve early porcine embryonic development by regulating oxidative stress. This study elucidates the effects of CA on early embryonic development and their potential mechanisms, and provides new applications for improving the quality of in vitro-developed embryos.

8.
Water Res ; 187: 116431, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007671

RESUMO

To offset estuarine eutrophication, interest is increasing in restoring oyster reefs and expanding oyster aquaculture. However, ecosystem-scale evidence is lacking on oyster assemblages' impacts on estuarine pelagic nitrogen (N) cycling. Using a multiple-isotope approach and isotope-mixing model, we examined the sources, transformations, and influence of intensive oyster aquaculture on N pollution in a subtropical estuary. The salinity-dependent NO3- and NH4+ concentrations and their correlations with isotopic signals (δ15N-NO3-, δ18O-NO3-, δ15N-NH4+) indicated the nutrient spatial distribution in low-salinity areas was largely regulated by mixing between freshwater and seawater. However, the intensive oyster aquaculture greatly increased nitrification in the estuary. In high-salinity areas where oyster assemblages were absent, the assimilation of NO3- by phytoplankton became dominant and sharply increased the δ15N-NO3- and δ18O-NO3-. Soil organic nitrogen and fertilizer, domestic sewage, and wastewater treatment plants were the major NO3- sources in the estuary, while internal nitrification contributed 20.6% to the NO3- pool. Oyster biodeposits comprised up to one-third of the particulate organic matter in the water column, and as much as 47.3% of the NH4+ pool could be from the oysters. Our study shows that oysters significantly contribute to the pelagic nutrient pools and N transformations, adding an important dimension to our understanding of oyster assemblages' impacts on estuarine N cycling.

9.
Pharmacol Res ; 160: 105184, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946931

RESUMO

The prognosis for patients with HER-2 negative breast cancer is currently poor, largely due to the lack of efficacious targeted therapeutics. Photodynamic nanomaterial technologies have rapidly developed in recent years, but their anti-tumor effects are often limited by poor targeting, low transformation efficiency, toxicity, and other factors. Thus, we prepared a new type of nanoparticles (Ce6/Dox@NPs-cRGD, CDNR) with cyclo(Arg-Gly-Asp-d-Phe-Cys) (c(RGDfC)) that target the ανß3 receptor. We loaded those nanoparticles (NPs) with a combination of the doxorubicin (Dox) and photosensitizer chlorin E6 (Ce6) to test synergy between chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of ανß3 receptor positive and HER-2 negative breast cancer. Through analysis of the Fourier transform infrared and UV-vis spectra of these NPs, we found that Ce6 and Dox were successfully loaded into the CDNR. According to dynamic light scattering (DLS) analyses, CDNR particles had a diameter of 112.6 nm (polydispersity index 0.11), which was also confirmed via TEM characterization. The zeta potential was about -21.5 mV. Stability studies showed that CDNR particle size was stable in ddH2O, PBS, and DMEM + 5 % FBS for 16 days. The drug loading content of Dox and Ce6 were 5.3 and 6.8 %, respectively. Release studies of CDNR showed that the slow release of Dox was accelerated with increasing GSH concentration, and there was no burst release effect. From studying the absorbance of 9,10-dimethylanthrancene (ABDA), we found that CDNR produces high levels of ROS after excitation with a 670 nm laser, and ROS production increased with increasing radiation time. CDNR was significantly taken up by MCF-7 cells at 6 h because of cRGD targeting. In a CCK8 test, the relative growth rate (RGR) of CDNR +670 nm laser for MCF-7 cells was less than 75 % at 20 µg/mL after 24 h treatment and 15 µg/mL after 48 h treatment. We found that CDNR's effects on RGR were concentration dependent. Live-cell staining with a DCFH-DA kit and flow cytometry assay further supported that a CDNR +670 nm laser provided the maximum chemotherapy-PDT toxicity and production of intracellular ROS, and that cell death was mainly caused by necrosis and apoptosis. In vivo experiments showed that using the cRGD-targeting strategy, CDNR had a stronger affinity and increased half-life relative to Ce6/Dox@NPs in mice with MCF-7 xenograft tumors. Further, the Cmax of CDNR in the transplanted tumor occurred 8 h post-injection (HPI) and there was still detectable signal at 24 HPI. In addition, MCF-7 bearing mice that were treated with CDNR +670 nm PDT at 8 HPI had a significantly decreased tumor volume (P < 0.05) and prolonged survival time compared to other groups. Thus, CDNR plus 670 nm PDT was associated with favorable anti-tumor activity with no appreciable impact on body weight or the major organs in mice, as determined by immunohistochemistry/immunofluorescence and hematoxylin-eosin staining. In conclusion, CDNR with 670 nm laser irradiation represents a promising new potential treatment paradigm for the management of breast cancers that are ανß3-receptor positive and HER-2 negative.

10.
Eur J Med Chem ; 206: 112713, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919113

RESUMO

Sphingosine kinase (SphK) is primarily responsible for the production of Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) that plays an important role in many biological and pathobiological processes including cancer, inflammation, neurological and cardiovascular disorders. Most research has focused on developing inhibitors of SphK1 rather than inhibitors of the other isoform SphK2 which has great importance in several pathophysiologic pathways. Exploration of new analogues for improving the potency and selectivity of SphK2 inhibitors is critical. We now have designed, synthesized, and evaluated eighteen new 1,2,3-triazole analogues for their SphK2 inhibitory activity using a ADP-Glo kinase assay, and explored their in vivo anti-tumor bioactivity. Several compounds including 21c, 21e, 21g, 25e-h, 29a-c have high selectivity for SphK2 over SphK1; compound 21g displayed the highest potency with an IC50 value of 0.23 µM. In addition, three compounds 21a, 21b, and 25b have high anti-tumor activity against U-251 MG human glioblastoma cells. Molecular modeling study was performed to elucidate the polar head group and 1,2,3-triazole pharmacophore impact on the SphK2 selectivity.

11.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(20): 2429-2436, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endothelial cells play a key role in the cytokine storm caused by influenza A virus. MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is an important regulator in inflammation. Its role in the inflammatory response to influenza A infection, however, has yet to be elucidated. In this study, we explored the role as well as the underlying mechanism of miR-155 in the cytokine production in influenza A-infected endothelial cells. METHODS: Human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs) were infected with the influenza A virus strain H1N1. The efficiency of H1N1 infection was confirmed by immunofluorescence. The expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines and miR-155 were determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction. A dual-luciferase reporter assay characterized the interaction between miR-155 and sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1PR1). Changes in the target protein levels were determined using Western blot analysis. RESULTS: MiR-155 was elevated in response to the H1N1 infection in HPMECs (24 h post-infection vs. 0 h post-infection, 3.875 ±â€Š0.062 vs. 1.043 ±â€Š0.013, P = 0.001). Over-expression of miR-155 enhanced inflammatory cytokine production (miR-155 mimic vs. negative control, all P < 0.05 in regard of cytokine levels) and activation of nuclear factor kappa B in infected HPMECs (miR-155 mimic vs. negative control, P = 0.004), and down-regulation of miR-155 had the opposite effect. In addition, S1PR1 was a direct target of miR-155 in the HPMECs. Inhibition of miR-155 enhanced the expression of the S1PR1 protein. Down-regulation of S1PR1 decreased the inhibitory effect of the miR-155 blockade on H1N1-induced cytokine production and nuclear factor kappa B activation in HPMECs. CONCLUSION: MiR-155 maybe modulate influenza A-induced inflammatory response by targeting S1PR1.

12.
Mar Drugs ; 18(9)2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32971911

RESUMO

We previously demonstrated that fucoidan with a type II structure inhibited postprandial hyperglycemia by suppressing glucose uptake, but the mechanism remains elusive. Here, we aimed to assess whether the effect of glucose absorption inhibition was related to the basic structure of fucoidans and preliminarily clarified the underlying mechanism. Fucoidans with type II structure and type I structure were prepared from Ascophyllumnodosum (AnF) or Laminariajaponica (LjF) and Kjellmaniellacrassifolia (KcF), respectively. The effects of various fucoidans on suppressing postprandial hyperglycemia were investigated using in vitro (Caco-2 monolayer model), semi-in vivo (everted gut sac model), and in vivo (oral glucose tolerance test, OGTT) assays. The results showed that only AnF with a type II structure, but not LjF or KcF with type I structure, could inhibit the glucose transport in the Caco-2 monolayer and everted gut sac models. A similar result was seen in the OGTT of Kunming mice and leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) mice, where only AnF could effectively inhibit glucose transport into the bloodstream. Furthermore, AnF (400 mg/kg/d) treatment decreased the fasting blood glucose, HbA1c, and fasting insulin levels, while increasing the serum glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) level in obese leptin receptor-deficient (db/db) mice. Furthermore, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analysis revealed the specific binding of AnF to Na+/glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1), which indicated the effect of AnF on postprandial hyperglycemia could be due to its suppression on SGLT1 activity. Taken together, this study suggests that AnF with a type II structure can be a promising candidate for hyperglycemia treatment.

13.
Nanotechnology ; 31(48): 485201, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931475

RESUMO

The photoconductive detector based on a graphene-silicon heterostructure retains excellent optoelectrical properties, in which the graphene plays an indispensable role, acting as the carrier transporting channel. Herein, we systematically investigate by simulation and experiment how doping graphene will affect the performance of graphene-silicon hybrid photoconductors. Compared with lightly p-doped graphene devices, the responsivity can be made nine times better through increasing the p-type doping level. In addition, the net photocurrent can also be enhanced by about four times through increasing the n-type doping level of graphene. We attribute this improvement to the barrier height change adjusted by doping graphene, which can optimize the lifetime and transport of photocarriers. Such a graphene-doping method, that manipulates the junction region, could offer useful guidance for achieving high-performance graphene photodetectors.

14.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932281

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to investigate the role of GPR120 on the biological behavior of esophageal cancer cells in the setting of radiation and explore the mechanism. METHODS: GPR120 knockdown was fulfilled by siRNA-mediated effects in two esophageal cancer cell lines Eca109 and EC9706. Colony formation, survival fraction calculation, viable cell evaluation by cell counting kit-8 assay and cell apoptosis analysis by phycoerythrin annexin V and 7-amino-actinomycin (7-AAD) staining and the flow cytometry examination was evaluated in Eca109 and EC9706 under the treatment of different radiation dosage. The mechanisms were explored by the evaluation of the Akt pathway and apoptosis protein level. RESULTS: Significantly decreased GPR120 mRNA and protein after GPR120 siRNA treatment compared to control siRNA treatment. Significantly decreased colony formation was found in GPR120 siRNA-treated Eca109 and EC9706 cells compared to control siRNA-treated cells at the radiation dosage of 2, 4, 6 and 8 Gy. Moreover, decreased survival fraction number with increased sensitive enhancing ratio was also found in GPR120 siRNA-treated Eca109 and EC9706 cells compared to control siRNA-treated cells. Decreased cell viability and increased cell apoptosis in GPR120 siRNA-treated esophageal cancer cells. GPR120 siRNA decreased the Akt phosphorylation and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression level, but increased pro-apoptotic Bim expression level in esophageal cancer cell lines. CONCLUSIONS: GPR120 regulated the biological behavior of the esophageal cancer cells via affecting Akt pathway and apoptosis molecules. Moreover, GPR120 siRNA combined radiation treatment could be a therapeutic choice for esophageal cancer.

15.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934347

RESUMO

Beige adipocytes have been considered as a potential strategy in anti-obesity therapy because of its thermogenic capacity. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays important roles in regulating adipose tissue function. C29 is a novel pyrazolone derivative with AMPK activity. In the current study, we investigated the role of C29 in the regulation of thermogenesis using differentiated adipocytes and diet-induced obese mice, and explored the mechanisms that might be involved in energy expenditure via adipocyte AMPK activation. We showed that treatment with C29 (2.5-10 µM) concentration-dependently increased thermogenesis in differentiated preadipocytes separated from inguinal white adipose tissue (iWAT), evidenced by increased expression levels of thermogenesis markers such as Ucp1, Pgc-1α, Dio2, Prdm16, Cox7a1, Cox8b, Elovl3, and Cidea, fatty acid oxidation (FAO) genes including Cpt1a, Lcad and Pparα, as well as beige-selective genes such as Cd137, Tmem26, Slc27a1, and Tbx1. In high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice, oral administration of C29 (30 mg·kg-1·day-1) for 9 weeks alleviated HFD-induced obesity, promoted energy expenditure and modulated iWAT browning. However, these effects were not observed in adipose-specific AMPKα1/α2 knockout (AKO) mice following C29 administration. Together, this study demonstrates that C29 regulates energy balance via adipocyte AMPK. Our findings show that the discovery of AMPK activators that specifically target adipose tissue may have therapeutic potential for treating obesity-related metabolic diseases.

16.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928796

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Flumatinib has been shown to be a more potent inhibitor of BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase than imatinib. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of flumatinib versus imatinib, for first-line treatment of chronic phase Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-CP). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In this study, 394 patients were randomized 1:1 to flumatinib 600 mg once daily (n=196) or imatinib 400 mg once daily (n=198). RESULTS: The rate of major molecular response (MMR) at 6 months (primary end point) was significantly higher with flumatinib than with imatinib (33.7% vs 18.3%, P=0.0006), as was the rate of MMR at 12 months (52.6% vs 39.6%, P=0.0102). At 3 months, the rate of early molecular response (EMR) was significantly higher in patients receiving flumatinib than in those receiving imatinib (82.1% vs 53.3%, P<0.0001). Compared with patients receiving imatinib, more patients receiving flumatinib achieved MR4 at 6, 9 and 12 months (8.7% vs 3.6%, P=0.0358; 16.8% vs 5.1%, P=0.0002; 23.0% vs 11.7%, P=0.0034, respectively). No patients had progression to accelerated phase or blast crisis in the flumatinib arm versus 4 patients in the imatinib arm by 12 months. Adverse events of edema, pain in extremities, rash, neutropenia, anemia, and hypophosphatemia were more frequent in imatinib arm, whereas diarrhea and alanine transaminase elevation were more frequent in flumatinib arm. CONCLUSIONS: Patients receiving flumatinib achieved significantly higher rates of responses, faster and deeper responses compared with those receiving imatinib, indicating that flumatinib can be an effective first-line treatment for CML-CP. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as NCT02204644.

17.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-9, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902355

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia with intermediate cytogenetic risk (ICR-AML) needs to be stratified and abnormal gene expression might be prognostic. PR/SET domain 16 (PRDM16) transcript levels were assessed in 267 consecutive adult ICR-AML patients at diagnosis by real-time quantitative PCR. 38.2% patients had PRDM16 transcript levels higher than the upper limit of normal bone marrow samples. Through ROC curve analysis and comparison of relapse-free survival (RFS), the optimal cutoff value of PRDM16 transcript levels was identified to group patients into high expression (PRDM16-H, 21.3%) and low expression (PRDM16-L). PRDM16-H was significantly associated with lower 4-year RFS and overall survival (OS) rates in the entire cohort, patients with normal karyotypes, FLT3-ITD (-) and NPM1 mutation (+)/FLT3-ITD (-) patients (all p < .05). Multivariate analysis showed that PRDM16-H was an independent adverse prognostic factor for RFS and OS in the entire cohort. Therefore, high PRDM16 expression at diagnosis predicts poor outcomes in adult ICR-AML patients.

18.
Opt Express ; 28(19): 27532-27546, 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988045

RESUMO

The low efficiency and dissatisfactory chromaticity remain as important challenges on the road to the OLED commercialization. In this paper, we propose a multi-objective collaborative optimization strategy to simultaneously improve the efficiency and ameliorate the chromaticity of the stratified OLED devices. Based on the formulations derived for the current efficiency and the chromaticity Commission International de L'Eclairage (CIE) of OLEDs, an optical sensitivity model is presented to quantitatively analyze the influence of the layer thickness on the current efficiency and the CIE. Subsequently, an evaluation function is defined to effectively balance the current efficiency as well as the CIE, and a collaborative optimization strategy is further proposed to simultaneously improve both of them. Simulations are comprehensively performed on a typical top-emitting blue OLED to demonstrate the necessity and the effectivity of the proposed strategy. The influences of the layer thickness incorporated in the blue OLED are ranked based on the sensitivity analysis method, and by optimizing the relative sensitive layer thicknesses in the optical views, a 16% improvement can be achieved for the current efficiency of the OLED with desired CIE meantime. Hence, the proposed multi-objective collaborative optimization strategy can be well applied to design high-performance OLED devices by improving the efficiency without chromaticity quality degradation.

19.
Genome Biol ; 21(1): 228, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32873321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The central nervous system (CNS) is vulnerable to viral infection, yet few host factors in the CNS are known to defend against invasion by neurotropic viruses. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been revealed to play critical roles in a wide variety of biological processes and are highly abundant in the mammalian brain, but their roles in defending against invasion of pathogens into the CNS remain unclear. RESULTS: We report here that multiple neurotropic viruses, including rabies virus, vesicular stomatitis virus, Semliki Forest virus, and herpes simplex virus 1, elicit the neuronal expression of a host-encoded lncRNA EDAL. EDAL inhibits the replication of these neurotropic viruses in neuronal cells and rabies virus infection in mouse brains. EDAL binds to the conserved histone methyltransferase enhancer of zest homolog 2 (EZH2) and specifically causes EZH2 degradation via lysosomes, reducing the cellular H3K27me3 level. The antiviral function of EDAL resides in a 56-nt antiviral substructure through which its 18-nt helix-loop intimately contacts multiple EZH2 sites surrounding T309, a known O-GlcNAcylation site. EDAL positively regulates the transcription of Pcp4l1 encoding a 10-kDa peptide, which inhibits the replication of multiple neurotropic viruses. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that a neuronal lncRNA can exert an effective antiviral function via blocking a specific O-GlcNAcylation that determines EZH2 lysosomal degradation, rather than the traditional interferon-dependent pathway.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22173, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925786

RESUMO

Angiogenic factor with G-patch and FHA domain 1 (AGGF1) is a newly initiator of angiogenesis. Forkhead box C2 (FOXC2) that is a member of the winged spiral transcription factor family plays an important role in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Epithelial-cadherin (E-cad) that is an adhesion molecule is also involved in EMT. The purpose of this study is to investigate the expression of AGGF1, FOXC2, and E-cad in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and their clinical significance.Immunohistochemistry was performed to investigate the expression of AGGF1, FOXC2, and E-cad in 170 ESCC specimens and corresponding normal esophageal mucosa tissues. Follow-up data was also collected.The positive rates of AGGF1 and FOXC2 expression were significantly higher in ESCC group when compared with the control group; the positive rate of E-cad expression was significantly lower in ESCC group when compared with the control group. Positive rates of AGGF1, FOXC2, and E-cad expression were significantly associated with grades of differentiation, tumor grades, lymph node metastasis stages, as well as tumor-node-metastasis stages. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that positive expression of AGGF1 or FOXC2 for ESCC patients had significantly unfavorably overall survival time when compared with patients with negative expression of AGGF1 or FOXC2; and positive expression of E-cad for ESCC patients had significantly longer overall survival time when compared with patients with negative expression of E-cad. Multivariate analysis indicated that AGGF1, FOXC2, and E-cad expression and tumor-node-metastasis stages were postoperative independent prognostic factors for ESCC patients.AGGF1, FOXC2, and E-cad may be considered promising biomarkers of ESCC patients' prognosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas Angiogênicas/biossíntese , Antígenos CD/biossíntese , Caderinas/biossíntese , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/biossíntese , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neovascularização Patológica , Prognóstico
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