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1.
AIDS Care ; 32(1): 12-20, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142146

RESUMO

This study was to compare global and domain-specific neurocognitive performance between older people living with HIV (PLWH) taking/not taking efavirenz (EFV) and HIV-negative controls. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Yongzhou city, China. All PLWH older than 50 years listed on the registry of Centres for Disease Control and Prevention were invited to join the study. Frequency matching was used to sample HIV-negative controls according to the distribution of age, sex, and years of formal education of older PLWH. A total of 308 older PLWH and 350 HIV-negative controls completed the face-to-face interview and neurocognitive assessment using the comprehensive neuropsychological test battery. After adjusting for significant confounders, older PLWH taking EFV showed poorer performance in memory (p = 0.020), verbal fluency (p = 0.002), and poorer global neurocognitive performance (p = 0.032) than those without EFV use. Compared to HIV-negative controls, older PLWH taking EFV had poorer performance in all neurocognitive domains (p values: <0.001-0.003) and poorer global neurocognitive performance (p < 0.001). Similar trends were observed when comparing older PLWH without using EFV versus HIV-negative controls, with the exception of verbal fluency (p = 0.560). Health care workers should monitor the neuropsychological performance of older PLWH, epically those who were taking EFV. Longitudinal studies are warranted.

2.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monolepta hieroglyphica (Motschulsky) is a primary pest of maize. The effect of dimethoate on controlling the infestation of M. hieroglyphica was studied by drip irrigation. Field trials were conducted to determine the most effective rate and water volume of dimethoate treatment in arid and semi-arid areas. The absorption, distribution, and dissipation of dimethoate in maize and soil were examined. RESULTS: Field trials showed that dimethoate with a rate of 2.70 kg a.i. ha-1 and water volume of 200 m3 ha-1 was the most effective treatment for controlling M. hieroglyphica. Dimethoate via drip irrigation showed longer persistence than artificial spraying and unmanned air vehicle spraying. Different parts of maize induced a hysteresis effect on dimethoate absorption. Dimethoate was absorbed from the roots, transported upward, and enriched in the leaf. Dimethoate was mainly concentrated within a certain range near the emitter after drip irrigation. The terminal residues of dimethoate in maize grain were below detectable levels 42 days after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Dimethoate treatment via drip irrigation can control infestation of M. hieroglyphica on maize. Results showed that dimethoate is safe for maize and the environment. This study provides guidance for the application of pesticides in arid and semi-arid areas. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Gastroenterology ; 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715145

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Barrett's esophagus (BE) can progress to dysplasia and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), accompanied by mutations in TP53 that increase the stability of its product, p53. We analyzed BE tissues for mRNAs that associate with BE progression and identified one that affects the stabilization of p53. METHODS: We obtained 54 BE samples collected from patients with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) or esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), from 1992 through 2015, and performed RNA sequence analyses, including isoform-specific analyses. We performed reverse transcription PCR analyses of 166 samples and immunohistochemical analyses of tissue microarrays that contained BE tissues from 100 patients with HGD or EAC and normal esophageal squamous mucosa (controls). Proteins were expressed from transfected plasmids or knocked down with small interfering RNAs in BE cells and analyzed by immunoblots and in immunoprecipitation and ubiquitin ligase assays. Athymic nude mice bearing EAC xenograft tumors (grown from OE-33 cells) were given intraperitoneal injections of simvastatin; tumor growth was monitored and tumors were collected and analyzed by immunoblotting for levels of RNF128, p53, and acetylated p53. RESULTS: Progression of BE to HGD or EAC associated with changes in expression of mRNAs that encoded mucins and promoted inflammation and activation of ATM and the DNA damage response. As tissues progressed from BE to HGD to EAC, they increased expression of mRNAs encoding isoform 1 of RNF128 (Iso1) and decreased expression of Iso2 of RNF128. RNF128 is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets p53 for degradation. Incubation of BE cells with interferon gamma (IFNG) caused them to increase expression of Iso1 and reduce expression of Iso2. Iso1 was heavily glycosylated with limited ubiquitin ligase activity for p53, resulting in p53 stabilization. Knockdown of Iso1 in BE and EAC cells led to degradation of the mutant form of p53 and reduced clonogenic survival. In contrast, Iso2 was a potent ligase that reduced levels of the mutant form of p53 in BE cells. In BE cells, Iso2 was hypoglycosylated and degraded, via ATM and GSK3B-mediated phosphorylation and activation of the BTRC-containing SCF ubiquitin ligase complex. Simvastatin, which degrades the mutant form of p53, also degraded RNF128 Iso1 protein in BE cells and slowed growth of EAC xenograft tumors in mice. CONCLUSIONS: We found that isoform 2 of RNF128 is decreased in BE cells, resulting in increased levels of mutant p53, whereas isoform 1 of RNF128 is increased in BE cells, further promoting the stabilization of mutant p53.

4.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(10): 1356-1365, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692917

RESUMO

Retinal neovascularization is a complication which caused human vision loss severely. It has been shown that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play essential roles in gene regulation. However, circRNA expression profile and the underlying mechanisms in retinal neovascular diseases remain unclear. In the present study, we identified altered circRNAs in the retinas of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) mouse model by microarray profiling. Microarray analysis revealed that 539 circRNAs were significantly altered in OIR retinas compared with controls. Among them, 185 up-regulated and 354 down-regulated circRNAs were identified. The expression levels of 4 altered circRNAs including mmu_circRNA_002573, mmu_circRNA_011180, mmu_circRNA_016108 and mmu_circRNA_22546 were validated by quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Bioinformatic analysis with validated circRNAs such as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory networks with Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis demonstrated that qRT-PCR validated circRNAs were associated with cellular process, cell part and phosphoric ester hydrolase activity. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis demonstrated that MAPK signaling pathway and renin-angiotensin system were related to validated circRNAs, suggesting these pathways may participate in pathological angiogenesis. The results together suggested that circRNAs were aberrantly expressed in OIR retinas and may play potential roles in retinal neovascular diseases.

5.
EBioMedicine ; 49: 232-246, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31680002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) is one of the important clinical indexes for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection diagnosis and sustained seroconversion of HBsAg is an indicator for functional cure. However, the level of HBsAg could not be reduced by interferons and nucleoside analogs effectively. Therefore, identification of a new drug targeting HBsAg is urgently needed. METHODS: In this study, 6-AN was screened out from 1500 compounds due to its low cytotoxicity and high antiviral activity. The effect of 6-AN on HBV was examined in HepAD38, HepG2-NTCP and PHHs cells. In addition, the antivirus effect of 6-AN was also identified in mouse model. FINDINGS: 6-AN treatment resulted in a significant decrease of HBsAg and other viral markers both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, we found that 6-AN inhibited the activities of HBV SpI, SpII and core promoter by decreasing transcription factor PPARα, subsequently reduced HBV RNAs transcription and HBsAg production. INTERPRETATION: We have identified a novel small molecule to inhibit HBV core DNA, HBV RNAs, HBsAg production, as well as cccDNA to a minor degree both in vitro and in vivo. This study may shed light on the development of a novel class of anti-HBV agent.

6.
BMC Biotechnol ; 19(1): 80, 2019 11 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cord Blood (CB) has been considered a promising source of natural killer (NK) cells for cellular immunotherapy. However, it is difficult to expand the large numbers of highly pure NK cells from CB without cell sorting and feeder cells/multiple cytokines. In this study, we try to develop a simple, safe and economical method for ex vivo expansion and purification of NK cells from CB without cell sorting and feeder cells/multiple cytokines. RESULTS: The large numbers (mean: 1.59 × 1010) of highly pure (≥90%) NK cells from CB could be obtained through interleukin-2, group A streptococcus and zoledronate stimulation of mononuclear cells using the 21-day culture approach. When compared to resting NK cells, expanded NK cells were a higher expression of activating receptors CD16, NKG2D, NKp30, NKp44, NKp46 and activating markers CD62L and CD69, while the inhibitory receptors, CD158a and CD158b remained largely unchanged. In addition, these cells showed a higher concentration of IFN-γ, TNF-α and GM-CSF secretion and cytotoxicity to K562 cells and acute myeloid leukemia targets than resting NK cells. CONCLUSION: We develop a simple, safe and economical method to obtain high yield, purity, and functionality NK cells from CB without cell sorting and feeder cells/multiple cytokines.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 701: 134466, 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704412

RESUMO

Heavy metals (HMs) in soil cause adverse effects on ecosystem and human health. Quantifying ecological risk and human health risk (HHR) from sources can determine priority sources and help to mitigate the risks. In this research, geostatistics and positive matrix factorization (PMF) were used to identify and quantify the sources of soil HMs; and then ecological risk and HHR from different sources under woodland, construction land and farmland were quantitatively calculated by combining the potential ecological risk index (RI) and HHR assessment models with PMF model. Taking Jiedong District as an example, four sources were quantitatively apportioned, which were agricultural practices (23.08%), industrial activities (29.10%), natural source (22.87%) and traffic emissions (24.95%). For ecological risk, industrial activities were the greatest contributor, accounting for about 49.71%, 48.11% and 47.15% under construction land, woodland and farmland, respectively. For non-carcinogenic risk, agricultural practices were the largest source under woodland and farmland, while industrial activities were the largest source under construction land. As for carcinogenic risk, no matter which kind of land use, agricultural practices were the largest source. In addition, the health risks of children, including non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks, were higher than those of adults, and the trends in health risks for children and adults were similar. The integrated approach was useful to evaluate ecological risk and HHR quantification from sources under different land use, thereby providing valuable suggestions for reducing pollution and protecting human health from the sources.

8.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(47): 23618-23624, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712416

RESUMO

Endothelial cells (ECs) are highly specialized across vascular beds. However, given their interspersed anatomic distribution, comprehensive characterization of the molecular basis for this heterogeneity in vivo has been limited. By applying endothelial-specific translating ribosome affinity purification (EC-TRAP) combined with high-throughput RNA sequencing analysis, we identified pan EC-enriched genes and tissue-specific EC transcripts, which include both established markers and genes previously unappreciated for their presence in ECs. In addition, EC-TRAP limits changes in gene expression after EC isolation and in vitro expansion, as well as rapid vascular bed-specific shifts in EC gene expression profiles as a result of the enzymatic tissue dissociation required to generate single-cell suspensions for fluorescence-activated cell sorting or single-cell RNA sequencing analysis. Comparison of our EC-TRAP with published single-cell RNA sequencing data further demonstrates considerably greater sensitivity of EC-TRAP for the detection of low abundant transcripts. Application of EC-TRAP to examine the in vivo host response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) revealed the induction of gene expression programs associated with a native defense response, with marked differences across vascular beds. Furthermore, comparative analysis of whole-tissue and TRAP-selected mRNAs identified LPS-induced differences that would not have been detected by whole-tissue analysis alone. Together, these data provide a resource for the analysis of EC-specific gene expression programs across heterogeneous vascular beds under both physiologic and pathologic conditions.

9.
Am J Hum Genet ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679651

RESUMO

Recurrent miscarriage (RM) affects millions of couples globally, and half of them have no demonstrated etiology. Genome sequencing (GS) is an enhanced and novel cytogenetic tool to define the contribution of chromosomal abnormalities in human diseases. In this study we evaluated its utility in RM-affected couples. We performed low-pass GS retrospectively for 1,090 RM-affected couples, all of whom had routine chromosome analysis. A customized sequencing and interpretation pipeline was developed to identify chromosomal rearrangements and deletions/duplications with confirmation by fluorescence in situ hybridization, chromosomal microarray analysis, and PCR studies. Low-pass GS yielded results in 1,077 of 1,090 couples (98.8%) and detected 127 chromosomal abnormalities in 11.7% (126/1,077) of couples; both members of one couple were identified with inversions. Of the 126 couples, 39.7% (50/126) had received former diagnostic results by karyotyping characteristic of normal human male or female karyotypes. Low-pass GS revealed additional chromosomal abnormalities in 50 (4.0%) couples, including eight with balanced translocations and 42 inversions. Follow-up studies of these couples showed a higher miscarriage/fetal-anomaly rate of 5/10 (50%) compared to 21/93 (22.6%) in couples with normal GS, resulting in a relative risk of 2.2 (95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 4.6). In these couples, this protocol significantly increased the diagnostic yield of chromosomal abnormalities per couple (11.7%) in comparison to chromosome analysis (8.0%, chi-square test p = 0.000751). In summary, low-pass GS identified underlying chromosomal aberrations in 1 in 9 RM-affected couples, enabling identification of a subgroup of couples with increased risk of subsequent miscarriage who would benefit from a personalized intervention.

10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 8016120, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737678

RESUMO

Objective: miRNA has gained attention as a therapeutic target in various malignancies. The proposal of this study was to investigate the biological functions of key miRNAs and target genes in cancers of the digestive tract which include esophageal carcinoma (ESCA), gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC), colon adenocarcinoma (COAD), and rectal adenocarcinoma (READ). Materials and Methods: After screening differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMIs) and differentially expressed mRNAs (DEMs) in four digestive cancers from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, the diagnostic value of above DEMIs was evaluated by receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Then, corresponding DEMIs' target genes were predicted by miRWalk 2.0. Intersection of predicted target genes and DEMs was taken as the target genes of DEMIs, and miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks between DEMIs and target genes were constructed. Meanwhile, the univariate Cox risk regression model was used to screen miRNAs with distinct prognostic value, and Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to determine their significance of prognosis. Furthermore, we performed bioinformatics methods including protein-protein interaction (PPI) networks, gene ontology (GO) annotation, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis, and gene group RIDA analysis by Gene-Cloud of Biotechnology Information (GCBI) to explore the function and molecular mechanisms of DEMIs and predicted target genes in tumor development. Results: Eventually, 3 DEMIs (miR-7-3, miR-328, and miR-323a) with significant prognostic value were obtained. In addition, 3 DEMIs (miR-490-3p, miR-133a-3p, and miR-552-3p) and 281 target genes were identified, and the 3 DEMIs showed high diagnostic value in READ and moderate diagnostic value in ESCA, GAC, and COAD. Also, the miRNA-mRNA regulatory network with 3 DEMIs and 281 overlapping genes was successfully established. Functional enrichment analysis showed that 281 overlapping genes were mainly related to regulation of cell proliferation, cell migration, and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. Conclusion: The diagnostic value and prognostic value of significant DEMIs in cancers of the digestive tract were identified, which may provide a novel direction for treatment and prognosis improvement of cancers of the digestive tract.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740120

RESUMO

Yeast is one of the most widely used microbial species in the field of microbiology, and it is crucial that rapid and accurate monitoring of its process. Therefore, this study presents a method using Raman spectroscopy for quantitative analysis of yeast fermentation process. First, a ProSP-Micro2000K Raman measuring system used to obtain the Raman spectra of eight batches of yeast samples during fermentation, and the spectra obtained were pretreated using Savitzky-Golay (SG) smoothing filter and standard normal variate (SNV). Then, two variable selection methods, which were competitive adaptive reweighted sampling (CARS) and variable combination population analysis (VCPA), were compared to search the preprocessed Raman spectroscopy characteristic wavenumber. Finally, support vector machine (SVM) was employed to construct a quantitative monitoring model of yeast fermentation process based on variables from the selected characteristic wavenumbers. The results revealed that the VCPA-SVM model showed the best prediction result with 14 selected characteristic wavelength variables. The coefficient of determination (RP2) of the optimal model was 0.979, while the root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) was 0.108 in the validation set. The overall results demonstrate that the Raman spectroscopy integrated with chemometric approaches could be utilized as a rapid method to monitor the process of yeast cultivations.

12.
Cell Stem Cell ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761722

RESUMO

Increased understanding of the functions of lactate has suggested a close relationship between lactate homeostasis and normal brain activity because of its importance as an energy source and signaling molecule. Here we show that lactate levels affect adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Cerebrovascular-specific deletion of PTEN causes learning and memory deficits and disrupts adult neurogenesis with accompanying lactate accumulation. Consistently, administering lactate to wild-type animals impairs adult hippocampal neurogenesis. The endothelial PTEN/Akt pathway increases monocarboxylic acid transporter 1 (MCT1) expression to enhance lactate transport across the brain endothelium. Moreover, cerebrovascular overexpression of MCT1 or deletion of Akt1 restores MCT1 expression, decreases lactate levels, and normalizes hippocampal neurogenesis and cognitive function in PTEN mutant mice. Together, these findings delineate how the brain endothelium maintains lactate homeostasis and contributes to adult hippocampal neurogenesis and cognitive functions.

13.
World J Pediatr ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis for relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (RR-AML) in children is poor, and the preferred salvage chemotherapy is unclear. One regimen is cladribine, cytarabine, and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (CLAG), but little is known about its efficacy and safety in children with RR-AML. METHODS: We enrolled RR-AML patients aged 0-18 years who received modified CLAG regimen for re-induction between July 1, 2015 and April 1, 2018, or conventional induction between August 1, 2011 and April 1, 2018. Patients were followed up to March 31, 2019. Patients underwent allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) or chemotherapy after the induction of complete remission (CR). The CR rate, survival, and side effects were analyzed. RESULTS: The CR rate for induction was 66.7% after one cycle and 75.0% after two cycles of the CLAG regimen in 12 children. The nine children who received conventional chemotherapy had a CR rate of 22.2% after one cycle and 33.3% after two cycles (P = 0.087 vs. CLAG). The 3-year event-free survival (EFS) of the CLAG group and the conventional treatment group were 44.4 ± 15.7% and 22.2 ± 13.8% (P = 0.112). The 3-year overall survival of the two groups were 59.5 ± 16.2% and 22.2% ± 13.8% (P = 0.057). The 3-year EFS for allo-SCT and chemotherapy after CLAG regimen was 66.7 ± 19.2% and 25.0 ± 21.7% (P = 0.015). A single case of chemotherapy-related death was recorded. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest a promising CR rate using CLAG salvage treatment in childhood RR-AML. Allo-SCT after CR may improve the long-term outcome in these patients.

14.
Food Res Int ; 126: 108605, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732085

RESUMO

Aroma is an important index to evaluate the quality and grade of black tea. This work innovatively proposed the sensory evaluation of black tea aroma quality based on an olfactory visual sensor system. Firstly, the olfactory visualization system, which can visually represent the aroma quality of black tea, was assembled using a lab-made color sensitive sensor array including eleven porphyrins and one pH indicator for data acquisition and color components extraction. Then, the color components from different color sensitive spots were optimized using the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. Finally, the back propagation neural network (BPNN) model was developed using the optimized characteristic color components for the sensory evaluation of black tea aroma quality. Results demonstrated that the BPNN models, which were developed using three color components from FTPPFeCl (component G), MTPPTE (component B) and BTB (component B), can get better results based on comprehensive consideration of the generalization performance of the model and the fabrication cost of the sensor. In the validation set, the average of correlation coefficient (RP) value was 0.8843 and the variance was 0.0362. The average of root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) was 0.3811 and the variance was 0.0525. The overall results sufficiently reveal that the optimized sensor array has promising applications for the sensory evaluation of black tea products in the process of practical production.

16.
Cancer Cell ; 36(5): 498-511.e17, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715132

RESUMO

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is an attractive cancer therapeutic target. Here we report the discovery of SD-36, a small-molecule degrader of STAT3. SD-36 potently induces the degradation of STAT3 protein in vitro and in vivo and demonstrates high selectivity over other STAT members. Induced degradation of STAT3 results in a strong suppression of its transcription network in leukemia and lymphoma cells. SD-36 inhibits the growth of a subset of acute myeloid leukemia and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma cell lines by inducing cell-cycle arrest and/or apoptosis. SD-36 achieves complete and long-lasting tumor regression in multiple xenograft mouse models at well-tolerated dose schedules. Degradation of STAT3 protein, therefore, is a promising cancer therapeutic strategy.

17.
Microb Pathog ; 139: 103865, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715318

RESUMO

Brucella spp. are facultative intracellular pathogens and zoonotic agents which pose a huge threat to human health and animal husbandry. The B. melitensis, B. abortus, and B. suis cause undulant fever and influenza-like symptoms in humans. However, the effects of B. canis have not been extensively studied. The quorum sensing-dependent transcriptional regulator VjbR influences the Brucella virulence in smooth type Brucella strains, such as B. melitensis, B. abortus and rough type Brucella ovis. However, the function of VjbR in the rough-type B. canis is unknown. In the present study, we discovered that deletion of this regulator significantly affected Brucella virulence in macrophage and mice infection models. The expression levels of virB operon and the ftcR gene were significantly altered in the vjbR mutant strain. We further investigated the protective effect of different doses of the vjbR mutant in mice and the results indicated that VjbR conferred protection against the virulent B. canis strain. This study presents the first evidence that the transcriptional regulator VjbR has important function in B. canis. In addition, according to its reduced virulence and the protective immunity it induces in mice, it can be a potential live attenuated vaccine against B. canis.

18.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1622-1626, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze and compare the correlation of platelet aggregation rate measured by platelet analyzer, platelet aggregometer and thromboelastography. METHODS: The performance of platelet analyzer in platelet count and platelet aggregation function was evaluated. The platelet aggregation rate of 55 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) before and after taking aspirin alone (32 cases) and clopidogrel alone (23 cases) was measured by thromboelastography, platelet aggregometer and platelet analyzer respectively, and the analytical results were compared. The correlation between the results measured by different instruments and equipment were further analyzed and the data were included in the statistical analysis. RESULTS: The precision of platelet analyzer in day and in batch was 1/3 lower than the total error (7%). The contamination rate was 0.30%. The slope of regression equation was 1.02 and R2 was 0.99 in the linear range of 4.15×109/L to 1379.95×109/L. The coincidence rate of platelet count and platelet reference method was 85%, which met the requirements of industry standards. The platelet aggregation rates of patients with T2DM after clopidogrel or aspirin by using thromboelastography, platelet aggregometer and platelet analyzer respectively was significantly lower than those whom before clopidogrel administration (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Platelet analyzer can provide reliable, objective and accurate information for clinical detection of platelet count and aggregation function, which is meet the requirements of industry standards, and its results are similar to those of platelet aggregometer and thromboelastography.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Agregação Plaquetária , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas , Testes de Função Plaquetária , Tromboelastografia
19.
Front Med ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598881

RESUMO

Wnt and Notch signaling play crucial roles in the determination of the prosensory domain and in the differentiation of hair cells (HCs) and supporting cells during mouse inner ear development; however, the relationship between the two signaling pathways in the mouse cochlea remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the interactions between Notch and Wnt signaling on the basis of the bidirectional regulation of Notch1 specifically in Wnt-responsive Lgr5+ progenitors during different cochlear development stages. We found that the downregulation of Notch1 in Lgr5+ cells from embryonic day (E) 14.5 to E18.5 can drive the quiescent Lgr5+ cells to re-enter the cell cycle and differentiate into extra HCs, whereas the upregulation of Notch1 expression did not affect the proliferation or differentiation of otic progenitor cells. No effect was observed on the upregulation or downregulation of Notch1 in Lgr5+ cells from E10.5 to E14.5. We concluded that the roles of Notch1 in Wnt-responsive Lgr5+ cells are unidirectional and stage dependent and Notch1 serves as a negative regulator for Lgr5+ progenitor activation during cochlear differentiation. Our findings improved the understanding of the interactions between Notch and Wnt signaling in cochlear development.

20.
FEBS J ; 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646730

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a senescence-associated disease with poor prognosis. Currently, there is no effective therapeutic strategy for preventing and treating the disease process. Mounting evidence suggests that arachidonic acid (ARA) metabolites are involved in the pathogenesis of various fibrosis. However, the relationship between the metabolism of ARA and PF is still elusive. In this study, we observed a disorder in the cyclooxygenase-2/cytochrome P450 (COX-2/CYP) metabolism of ARA in the lungs of PF mice induced by bleomycin (BLM). Therefore, we aimed to explore the role of COX-2/CYP-derived ARA metabolic disorders in PF. PTUPB, a dual COX-2 and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitor, was used to restore the balance of COX-2/CYP metabolism. sEH is an enzyme hydrolyzing epoxyeicosatrienoic acids derived from ARA by CYP. We found that PTUPB alleviated the pathological changes in lung tissue and collagen deposition, as well as reduced senescence marker molecules (p16Ink4a and p53-p21Waf1/Cip1 ) in the lungs of mice treated by BLM. In vitro, we found that PTUPB pretreatment remarkably reduced the expression of senescence-related molecules in the alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) induced by BLM. In conclusion, our study supports the notion that the COX-2/CYP-derived ARA metabolic disorders may be a potential therapeutic target for PF via inhibiting the cellular senescence in AECs.

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