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1.
Insect Sci ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912953

RESUMO

Insect neuropeptides play an important role in regulating physiological functions such as growth, development, behavior and reproduction. We identified temperature-sensitive neuropeptides and receptor genes of the cotton whitefly, Bemisia tabaci. We identified 38 neuropeptide precursor genes and 35 neuropeptide receptors and constructed a phylogenetic tree using additional data from other insects. As temperature adaptability enables B. tabaci to colonize a diversity of habitats, we performed qPCR with two temperature stresses (low = 4°C and high = 40°C) to screen for temperature-sensitive neuropeptides. We found many neuropeptides and receptors that may be involved in the temperature adaptability of B. tabaci. This study is the first to identify B. tabaci neuropeptides and their receptors, and it will help to reveal the roles of neuropeptides in temperature adaptation of B. tabaci. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910027

RESUMO

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by insulin resistance, and patients with GDM have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Multiple microRNAs (miRNAs) are reported to be involved in the regulation of myocardial injury. Moreover, miR-873 was predicted to target insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2) through bioinformatic analysis, which was further confirmed using a luciferase assay. Thus, our objective was to assess whether microRNA-873 (miR-873) affects insulin resistance and myocardial injury in an established GDM rat model. The GDM rats were treated with miR-875 mimic or inhibitor, or IGFBP2 siRNA. The effects of miR-875 and IGFBP2 on the cardiac function, insulin resistance, and myocardial injury were evaluated by hemodynamic measurements, determination of biochemical indices of myocardium and serum, and insulin homeostatic model assessment. The results indicated that down-regulation of miR-873 up-regulated the expression of IGFBP2 and promoted the activation of PI3K/AKT/mTOR axis. With down-regulation of miR-873 in GDM rats, the cardiac function was improved, and the myocardial apoptosis was inhibited, coupled with elevated activity of superoxide dismutase, carbon monoxide synthase, and the nitric oxide content. Besides, the inhibition of miR-873 in GDM rats modulated the insulin resistance and reduced myocardial apoptosis. Overall, the data showed that inhibition of miR-873, by targeting IGFBP2, may regulate the insulin resistance and curtail myocardial injury in GDM rats through activating PI3K/AKT/mTOR axis, thus providing a potential means of impeding the progression of GDM.

3.
Biomaterials ; 226: 119541, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634652

RESUMO

Arthritis, an inflammatory condition that causes pain and cartilage destruction in joints, affects over 54.4 million people in the US alone. Here, for the first time, we demonstrated the emerging role of neural EGFL like 1 (NELL-1) in arthritis pathogenesis by showing that Nell-1-haploinsufficient (Nell-1+/6R) mice had accelerated and aggravated osteoarthritis (OA) progression with elevated inflammatory markers in both spontaneous primary OA and chemical-induced secondary OA models. In the chemical-induced OA model, intra-articular injection of interleukin (IL)1ß induced more severe inflammation and cartilage degradation in the knee joints of Nell-1+/6R mice than in wildtype animals. Mechanistically, in addition to its pro-chondrogenic potency, NELL-1 also effectively suppressed the expression of inflammatory cytokines and their downstream cartilage catabolic enzymes by upregulating runt-related transcription factor (RUNX)1 in mouse and human articular cartilage chondrocytes. Notably, NELL-1 significantly reduced IL1ß-stimulated inflammation and damage to articular cartilage in vivo. In particular, NELL-1 administration markedly reduced the symptoms of antalgic gait observed in IL1ß-challenged Nell-1+/6R mice. Therefore, NELL-1 is a promising pro-chondrogenic, anti-inflammatory dual-functional disease-modifying osteoarthritis drug (DMOAD) candidate for preventing and suppressing arthritis-related cartilage damage.

4.
J Orthop Res ; 38(1): 7-12, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529731

RESUMO

Ligament and tendon injuries are common problems in orthopedics. There is a need for treatments that can expedite nonoperative healing or improve the efficacy of surgical repair or reconstruction of ligaments and tendons. Successful biologically-based attempts at repair and reconstruction would require a thorough understanding of normal tendon and ligament healing. The inflammatory, proliferative, and remodeling phases, and the cells involved in tendon and ligament healing will be reviewed. Then, current research efforts focusing on biologically-based treatments of ligament and tendon injuries will be summarized, with a focus on stem cells endogenous to tendons and ligaments. Statement of clinical significance: This paper details mechanisms of ligament and tendon healing, as well as attempts to apply stem cells to ligament and tendon healing. Understanding of these topics could lead to more efficacious therapies to treat ligament and tendon injuries. © 2019 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 38:7-12, 2020.

5.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(1): 102422, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733369

RESUMO

Paraneoplastic autoimmune disorders (PAD) represent a group of autoimmune diseases associated with neoplasms. As a consequence of a remote autoimmunity-mediated effect, PAD are found in multiple organs or tissues, including the skin, blood and nervous system. Compared with non-paraneoplastic autoimmune diseases, PAD have different aetiologies, pathologies, disease symptoms and treatment responses. There are two main origins of autoimmunity in PAD: neoplasm-mediated dysregulated homeostasis in immune cells/organs and in autoantigens. Pathologically, PAD are mediated predominantly by either autoantibodies or autoreactive T-cells. In the past decade, significant progress has been achieved in increasing our understanding of the aetiology and pathology of PAD. In this review article, we aim to provide a comprehensive overview of the recent advances in this field.

6.
Hypertension ; 75(2): 339-346, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865785

RESUMO

The CSPPT (China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial) demonstrated a significant risk reduction of first stroke in hypertensive patients treated with enalapril plus folic acid compared with those with enalapril alone, but the lifetime stroke-free survival associated with the treatment is unknown. By establishing adjusted models for competing risks and an age-based time scale using data from 19 053 participants of the CSPPT, we estimated lifetime incremental stroke-free survival for enalapril-folic acid versus enalapril alone. Compared with enalapril alone, the enalapril plus folic acid treatment projected a mean lifetime stroke-free survival gain of 1.75 months, with an interquartile range from 0.73 to 2.39 months and the maximum gain up to 12.95 months. Subgroup analyses showed greater gain in stroke-free survival in younger, male patients, those with lower baseline folate levels, higher baseline systolic blood pressure, higher baseline total cholesterol and blood glucose, and with MTHFR (methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase) C677T CT or TT genotype. Overall, besides significant benefit in certain subgroups, enalapril plus folic acid treatment for hypertensive patients is associated with a modest gain in lifetime stroke-free survival, compared with enalapril alone.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e1906171, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833134

RESUMO

Pain-perceptual nociceptors (PPN) are essential sensory neurons that recognize harmful stimuli and can empower the human body to react appropriately and perceive precisely unusual or dangerous conditions in the real world. Furthermore, the sensitization-regulated nociceptors (SRN) can greatly assist pain-sensitive human to reduce pain sensation by normalizing hyperexcitable central neural activity. Therefore, the implementation of PPNs and SRNs in hardware using emerging nanoscale devices can greatly improve the efficiency of bionic medical machines by giving them different sensitivities to external stimuli according to different purposes. However, current most-normal organic/oxide transistors face a great challenge due to channel scaling, especially in the sub-10 nm channel technology. Here, a sub-10 nm indium-tin-oxide transistor with an ultrashort vertical channel as low as ≈3 nm, using sodium alginate bio-polymer electrolyte as gate dielectric, is demonstrated. This device can emulate important characteristics of PPN such as pain threshold, memory of prior injury, and pain sensitization/desensitization. Furthermore, the most intriguing character of SRN can be achieved by tuning the channel thickness. The proposed device can open new avenues for the fascinating applications of next-generation neuromorphic brain-like systems, such as bio-inspired electronic skins and humanoid robots.

8.
Reg Anesth Pain Med ; 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many patients with pancreatic cancer (PC) suffer from abdominal pain and back pain. However, the cause of pain associated with PC is largely unclear. In this study, we tested the potential influence of the sonic hedgehog (sHH) signaling pathway on PC pain. METHODS: Substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) expression was measured in cultured PC cells and dorsal root ganglions (DRG) by real-time PCR, western blotting analysis and ELISA. Small interfering RNA transfection and plasmid constructs were used to regulate the expression of sHH in the AsPc-1 and Panc-1 cell lines. Pain-related behavior was observed in an orthotopic tumor model in nude mice. RESULTS: In this study, the results show that sHH increased the expression of SP and CGRP in DRGs in a concentration and time-dependent manner. Additionally, sHH secretion from PC cells could activate the sHH signaling pathway and, in turn, increase the expression of nerve growth factor (NGF), P75, and TrkA in DRGs. Furthermore, the sHH signaling pathway and NGF/NGF receptor contributed to pain sensitivity in a nude mouse model. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that PC pain originates from the sHH signaling pathway, and NGF mediates the pain mechanism via regulating SP and CGRP.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818956

RESUMO

In adaptive immunity, organisms produce neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) to eliminate invading pathogens. Here, we explored whether viral neutralization could be attained through the physical disruption of a virus upon nAb binding. We report the neutralization mechanism of a potent nAb 8C11 against the hepatitis E virus (HEV), a nonenveloped positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus associated with abundant acute hepatitis. The 8C11 binding flanks the protrusion spike of the HEV viruslike particles (VLPs) and leads to tremendous physical collision between the antibody and the capsid, dissociating the VLPs into homodimer species within 2 h. Cryo-electron microscopy reconstruction of the dissociation intermediates at an earlier (15-min) stage revealed smeared protrusion spikes and a loss of icosahedral symmetry with the capsid core remaining unchanged. This structural disruption leads to the presence of only a few native HEV virions in the ultracentrifugation pellet and exposes the viral genome. Conceptually, we propose a strategy to raise collision-inducing nAbs against single spike moieties that feature in the context of the entire pathogen at positions where the neighboring space cannot afford to accommodate an antibody. This rationale may facilitate unique vaccine development and antimicrobial antibody design.

10.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 8955-8960, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31802905

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified T cell therapy is increasingly administered for hematological malignancies. Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) is a common and severe complication of CAR-T therapy. In the present case, a 62-year-old male patient was diagnosed with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM). Treated with CART-CD19/BCMA therapy, his symptoms remitted, during which occasional but severe CRS associated with coagulation disorder still appeared, as evidenced by the coexistence of a huge thrombosis and bleeding tendency. Through the First Generation Sequencing, we extracted genomic DNA from the patient's peripheral blood to analyze the distribution of polymorphism at the -572C/G site of the promoter of IL-6 gene. The results showed that the genotype of -572C/G promoter polymorphism was CC, indicating that high level of IL-6 and -572C/G polymorphism might be associated with the risk of thrombotic disorders. We concluded that immediate diagnosis and appropriate treatment of coagulopathy could reduce CRS-related mortality.

11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(23)2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810294

RESUMO

Cylindrical panorama stitching is able to generate high resolution images of a scene with a wide field-of-view (FOV), making it a useful scene representation for applications like environmental sensing and robot localization. Traditional image stitching methods based on hand-crafted features are effective for constructing a cylindrical panorama from a sequence of images in the case when there are sufficient reliable features in the scene. However, these methods are unable to handle low-texture environments where no reliable feature correspondence can be established. This paper proposes a novel two-step image alignment method based on deep learning and iterative optimization to address the above issue. In particular, a light-weight end-to-end trainable convolutional neural network (CNN) architecture called ShiftNet is proposed to estimate the initial shifts between images, which is further optimized in a sub-pixel refinement procedure based on a specified camera motion model. Extensive experiments on a synthetic dataset, rendered photo-realistic images, and real images were carried out to evaluate the performance of our proposed method. Both qualitative and quantitative experimental results demonstrate that cylindrical panorama stitching based on our proposed image alignment method leads to significant improvements over traditional feature based methods and recent deep learning based methods for challenging low-texture environments.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814187

RESUMO

The MCP-1 -2518G/A polymorphism has been reported to be inconsistently associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)1-4 . To generate large-scale evidence on whether MCP-1 -2518G/A polymorphism is associated with SLE and lupus nephritis (LN) susceptibility. A comprehensive search of the literature was performed in the Medline, EMBASE, CNKI, WanFang, and Cochrane Library databases saved up to June 2018. Two investigators independently assessed the articles for inclusion and consensus was achieved for all data5-10 (see Tables 1 and 2). It is a summary on previous studies and would provide important clues for future studies.

13.
Pharmacogenomics ; 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854260

RESUMO

Aim: Major drawbacks of percutaneous coronary intervention are the high occurrence of repeat revascularization due to restenosis and disease progression. The aim of this study was to find genetic indicators to predict the risk of repeat revascularization. Materials & methods: From April 2015 to June 2016, 143 patients with percutaneous coronary intervention with genetic test results were enrolled. SNPs were measured by OmniZhongHua-8, and the SNPs in pathways genes related to known stenosis-related processes from the KEGG, BioCarta and Gene Cards databases were selected for analysis. Results: Cell-extracellular matrix interactions were the pathways with the most significant SNP (CDH15 rs72819363) association with repeat revascularization. Compared with CDH13 rs11859453G carriers, the adjusted odds ratio for A carriers was 0.25 and 0.33 at 18 and 30 months. Conclusion: We demonstrated a potential role of the cell-extracellular matrix interactions pathway and the possible biomarker CDH13/CDH15 in the development of coronary repeat revascularization.

14.
Opt Express ; 27(23): 33518-33536, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878419

RESUMO

Observation angular distance error, as the difference between the actual observation angular distance and the reference angular distance, is an important parameter that affects the identification success rate, attitude measurement accuracy, and real-time performance of a terrestrial star tracker. It is the criterion to determine whether stars are identified in star identification but is still unclarified to date. To resolve the problem, the observation angular error model is presented in this work. This model determines the variation range of the observation angular distance error by analyzing the factors of astrometric transformations. Then, the optimal angular distance matching threshold expression for a terrestrial star tracker is presented on the basis of the proposed model for the optimal efficiency in star identification. Numerical simulations and a night sky experiment demonstrate that the differences between the theoretical model, simulation and actual experiment results are less than 0.5'' and thereby validate the reliability of our conclusions.

15.
Neurotherapeutics ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667754

RESUMO

In 2011, a hexanucleotide repeat expansion in the first intron of the C9orf72 gene was identified as the most common genetic cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). The proposed disease mechanisms include loss of C9orf72 function and gain of toxicity from the bidirectionally transcribed repeat-containing RNAs. Over the last few years, substantial progress has been made to determine the contribution of loss and gain of function in disease pathogenesis. The extensive body of molecular, cellular, animal, and human neuropathological studies is conflicted, but the predominance of evidence favors gain of toxicity as the main pathogenic mechanism for C9orf72 repeat expansions. Alterations in several downstream cellular functions, such as nucleocytoplasmic transport and autophagy, are implicated. Exciting progress has also been made in therapy development targeting this mutation, such as by antisense oligonucleotide therapies targeting sense transcripts and small molecules targeting nucleocytoplasmic transport, and these are now in phase 1 clinical trials.

16.
Nano Lett ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769995

RESUMO

The reconfigurability of the electrical heterostructure featured with external variables, such as temperature, voltage, and strain, enabled electronic/optical phase transition in functional layers has great potential for future photonics, computing, and adaptive circuits. VO2 has been regarded as an archetypal phase transition building block with superior metal-insulator transition characteristics. However, the reconfigurable VO2-based heterostructure and the associated devices are rare due to the fundamental challenge in integrating high-quality VO2 in technologically important substrates. In this report, for the first time, we show the remote epitaxy of VO2 and the demonstration of a vertical diode device in a graphene/epitaxial VO2/single-crystalline BN/graphite structure with VO2 as a reconfigurable phase-change material and hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) as an insulating layer. By diffraction and electrical transport studies, we show that the remote epitaxial VO2 films exhibit higher structural and electrical quality than direct epitaxial ones. By high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and Cs-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy, we show that a graphene buffered substrate leads to a less strained VO2 film than the bare substrate. In the reconfigurable diode, we find that the Fermi level change and spectral weight shift along with the metal-insulator transition of VO2 could modify the transport characteristics. The work suggests the feasibility of developing a single-crystalline VO2-based reconfigurable heterostructure with arbitrary substrates and sheds light on designing novel adaptive photonics and electrical devices and circuits.

17.
Nanotechnology ; 31(8): 085202, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675743

RESUMO

Nanoparticle materials have many potential applications in the area of electronics and optoelectronics due to their unique and versatile properties. In particular, lead sulfide nanoparticles (PbS NPs) have shown excellent ultrafast photonics and can be applied to communication systems because of their low bandgap, high thermal damage threshold and stability. The wavelength division multiplexor (WDM) technique is vital to fiber optical communication, which allows the transmission of many different-wavelength signals in one fiber cable. However, PbS NPs for multi-wavelength pulse generation has not been reported until now. In this work, PbS NPs have been investigated and successfully applied in an Er-doped fiber laser as a saturable absorber (SA) to generate a dual-wavelength short pulse for the first time. A picosecond-level ultrashort pulse at center wavelengths of 1545 and 1585 nm can be achieved simultaneously or respectively. It is worth mentioning that the two wavelengths are separated up to 40 nm, which can significantly expand the optical communication capacity. The result suggests that PbS NPs as smart nonlinear optical components have wide applications in optical communications, short-pulse lasers, and even high-performance photodectors.

18.
Food Chem ; : 125824, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732245

RESUMO

In this work, a home-made portable dielectric barrier discharge-atomic emission spectrometer (DBD-AES) was explored to the determination of heavy metal in foodstuffs. A rapid and simple method was developed for Cd determination in rice based on this instrument. Rice was pretreated with diluted acid dissolution without complex operations and apparatus. The detection time by DBD-AES is about 3 min and the total analysis time for rice sample is within 11 min. The effects of some key experiment parameters were investigated. The limit of detection was 11.9 µg kg-1 for Cd in rice, much lower than the maximum allowable level established by EC (200 µg kg-1). The practical performance of this method was demonstrated by analyzing real and CRM rice samples. With the portability of DBD-AES, the method is suitable for rapid and in-field analysis of Cd in rice. It will be a useful tool for the routine analysis of rice.

19.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121319, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607581

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd), a naturally occurring heavy metal, is toxic to animals and plants. Minimization of Cd in rice grain is important to human health since rice is the main source of Cd intake for human populations feeding on it as staple food. Glutamate (Glu) is reportedly involved in plant abiotic stress responses, whereas the underlying molecular mechanism remains poorly understood. In this study, we showed that supplement of Glu, but not glutamine, significantly alleviated Cd toxicity in hydroponically grown rice plants. Cd accumulation was reduced by 44.1% and 65.6% in root and shoot of rice plants respectively, after Glu supplementation (3 mM). Glu supplement restored chlorophyll biosynthesis and significantly ameliorated Cd-induced oxidative stress with reduced levels of H2O2, 1O2, MDA, and increased activities of major anti-oxidant enzymes, catalase, peroxidase and glutathione S-transferase. Levels of stress-associated free amino acids proline, arginine and γ-aminobutyric acid were also reduced after Glu supplement. We further demonstrated that Glu supplement suppressed the Cd-induced expression of metal transporter genes OsNramp1, OsNramp5, OsIRT1, OsIRT2, OsHMA2 and OsHMA3 in roots of Cd-treated plants. Taken together, our results suggest that Glu supplement could alleviate Cd toxicity in rice by suppressing Cd uptake and translocation.

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1055, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607912

RESUMO

Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was commonly used for en bloc resection in gastric cancer and adenoma with the risk of delayed bleeding after ESD. We conducted a direct and indirect comparison meta-analysis to evaluate the best choice in preventing post-ESD bleeding among proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), histamine2-receptor antagonists (H2RAs), and the most widely used potassium-competitive acid blocker, vonoprazan. Methods: The Pubmed, Cochrane Library, and Embase were searched for randomized trials. We pooled odds ratios (OR) for preventing post-ESD bleeding using meta-analysis. Results: Sixteen randomized trials met the inclusion criteria including 2,062 patients. Direct comparisons showed slightly significant efficacy in PPIs rather than H2RAs in preventing post-ESD bleeding [OR: 1.83; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10 to 3.05] and vonoprazan was better than PPIs (OR: 0.46; 95% CI: 0.25 to 0.86). The adjusted indirect comparison indicated vonoprazan was superior to H2RAs (OR: 0.30, 95% CI: 0.12 to 0.74). In subgroup analysis, PPIs had similar efficacy as H2RAs in 4 weeks, while PPIs were better than H2RAs in 8 weeks' treatment (OR: 1.91; 95% CI: 1.08 to 3.40). The superiority of vonoprazan than PPIs was more significant in combination therapy (OR: 0.18; 95% CI: 0.04 to 0.69). There was a significant difference in vonoprazan for 8 weeks of medication (OR: 0.44; 95% CI: 0.21 to 0.92). Conclusions: The effects of vonoprazan is better than PPIs than H2RAs in preventing bleeding after ESD. When vonoprazan combined with mucosal protective antiulcer drug in treatment or used in 8 weeks of medication, the efficacy may be even better.

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