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Nanotechnology ; 30(43): 435202, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304918


AlGaN-based deep ultraviolet (DUV) multiple-quantum-wells (MQWs) incorporating strain-modulated nanostructures are proposed, demonstrating enhanced degree of polarization (DOP) and improved light extraction efficiency (LEE). The influence of Al composition and bi-axial strains on the optical behaviors of the DUV-MQWs were carefully examined. Compared with planar DUV-MQWs, strain-modulated nanostructure patterned MQWs show three times higher photoluminescence and increased DOP from -0.43 to -0.16. Moreover, nanostructure patterned DUV-MQWs under compressive strains further illustrate higher DOP and LEE values than those under tensile strains due to more efficient diffraction of the guided modes of the transverse electric (TE) polarized light. Our work demonstrates, for the first time, that a combination of compressive in-plane strain and surface nanostructure show unambiguous advantages in facilitating TE mode emission, thus have great promises in the design and optimization of highly efficient polarized DUV optoelectronic devices.

Opt Express ; 27(11): 16195-16205, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163803


The optical properties of hexagonal GaN microdisk arrays grown on sapphire substrates by selective area growth (SAG) technique were investigated both experimentally and theoretically. Whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) lasing is observed from various directions of the GaN pyramids collected at room temperature, with the dominant lasing mode being Transverse-Electric (TE) polarized. A relaxation of compressive strain in the lateral overgrown region of the GaN microdisk is illustrated by photoluminescence (PL) mapping and Raman spectroscopy. A strong correlation between the crystalline quality and lasing behavior of the GaN microdisks was also demonstrated.

Nanotechnology ; 29(45): 45LT01, 2018 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30160239


Enhanced photoluminescence and improved internal quantum efficiency were demonstrated for ultraviolet light emitting diodes (UV-LEDs) with Al nanohole arrays deposited on the top surface. The effects of the thickness and periodicity of the plasmonic structures on the optical properties of UV-LEDs were studied, and an optimized nanohole array parameter was illustrated. Classical electrodynamic simulations showed that the radiated power is mostly concentrated along the edge of the Al nanohole arrays. Even though no obvious dip was observed in the transmission spectra associated with localized surface plasmon resonance, significant improvements in radiatiative recombination and light extraction efficiency were demonstrated, indicating the influence of Al nanohole arrays on the light emission control of UV-LEDs. It is anticipated that the enhanced luminescence can be obtained for various emitting wavelengths by directly adjusting the periodicity and morphology of the Al nanohole arrays and this new technology can alleviate crystal quality requirements of III-nitride thin films in the development of high efficiency UV optoelectronic devices.