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1.
Gut ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431576

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) pathophysiology remains unclear. This study aims to characterise the molecular basis of HBV-ACLF using transcriptomics. METHODS: Four hundred subjects with HBV-ACLF, acute-on-chronic hepatic dysfunction (ACHD), liver cirrhosis (LC) or chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and normal controls (NC) from a prospective multicentre cohort were studied, and 65 subjects (ACLF, 20; ACHD, 10; LC, 10; CHB, 10; NC, 15) among them underwent mRNA sequencing using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). RESULTS: The functional synergy analysis focusing on seven bioprocesses related to the PBMC response and the top 500 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) showed that viral processes were associated with all disease stages. Immune dysregulation, as the most prominent change and disorder triggered by HBV exacerbation, drove CHB or LC to ACHD and ACLF. Metabolic disruption was significant in ACHD and severe in ACLF. The analysis of 62 overlapping DEGs further linked the HBV-based immune-metabolism disorder to ACLF progression. The signatures of interferon-related, neutrophil-related and monocyte-related pathways related to the innate immune response were significantly upregulated. Signatures linked to the adaptive immune response were downregulated. Disruptions of lipid and fatty acid metabolism were observed during ACLF development. External validation of four DEGs underlying the aforementioned molecular mechanism in patients and experimental rats confirmed their specificity and potential as biomarkers for HBV-ACLF pathogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights immune-metabolism disorder triggered by HBV exacerbation as a potential mechanism of HBV-ACLF and may indicate a novel diagnostic and treatment target to reduce HBV-ACLF-related mortality.

2.
J Basic Microbiol ; 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448033

RESUMO

Sugarcane/peanut intercropping is a highly efficient planting pattern in South China. However, the effects of sugarcane/peanut intercropping on soil quality need to be clarified. This study characterized the soil microbial community and the soil quality in sugarcane/peanut intercropping systems by the Illumina MiSeq platform. The results showed that the intercropping sugarcane (IS) system significantly increased the total N (TN), available N (AN), available P (AP), pH value, and acid phosphatase activity (ACP), but it had little effect on the total P (TP), total K (TK), available K (AK), organic matter (OM), urease activity, protease activity, catalase activity, and sucrase activity, compared with those in monocropping sugarcane (MS) and monocropping peanut (MP) systems. Both intercropping peanut (IP) and IS soils contained more bacteria and fungi than soils in the MP and MS fields, and the microbes identified were mainly Chloroflexi and Acidobacteria, respectively. Intercropping significantly increased the number of unique microbes in IS soils (68 genera), compared with the numbers in the IP (14), MS (17), and MP (16) systems. The redundancy analysis revealed that the abundances of culturable Acidobacteriaceae subgroup 1, nonculturable DA111, and culturable Acidobacteria were positively correlated with the measured soil quality in the intercropping system. Furthermore, the sugarcane/peanut intercropping significantly increased the economic benefit by 87.84% and 36.38%, as compared with that of the MP and MS, respectively. These results suggest that peanut and sugarcane intercropping increases the available N and P content by increasing the abundance of rhizospheric microbes, especially Acidobacteriaceae subgroup 1, DA111, and Acidobacteria.

3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111720, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396051

RESUMO

Fine particulate matter (PM2.5), a ubiquitous environmental pollutant, has been indicated to affect thyroid hormone (TH) homeostasis in women, but the detailed mechanism behind this effect remains unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the roles of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis and hepatic transthyretin in the thyroid-disrupting effects of PM2.5. Sprague Dawley rats were treated with PM2.5 (0, 15 and 30 mg/kg) by passive pulmonary inhalation for 49 days; and recovery experimental group rats were dosed with PM2.5 (30 mg/kg) for 35 days, and no treatment was done during the subsequent 14 days. PM2.5 was handled twice a day by passive pulmonary inhalation throughout the study. After treatment, pathological changes were analyzed by performing haemotoxylin and eosin staining, measuring levels of THs and urine iodine (UI) in serum, plasma, and urine samples using enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay, and expression of proteins in the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid, and liver tissues of rats were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. The levels of oxidative stress factors, such as reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (Gpx), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in female rats' plasma were also evaluated by ELISA. The results of these analyses revealed that PM2.5 treatment induced pathologic changes in rat thyroid and liver characterized by increased follicular cavity size and decreased amounts of follicular epithelial cells and fat vacuoles, respectively. Serum levels of triiodothyronine, thyroxine, and thyroid stimulating hormone were significantly decreased, plasma NF-κB level was increased and plasma redox state was unbalanced (enhanced ROS, MDA and Gpx levels; reduced SOD activities) in female rats treated with PM2.5 (P < 0.05). PM2.5 treatment suppressed the biosynthesis and biotransformation of THs by increasing sodium iodide symporter, thyroid transcription factor 1, thyroid transcription factor 2, and paired box 8 protein expression levels (P < 0.05). Additionally, thyroid stimulating hormone receptor and thyroid peroxidase levels were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Both thyrotropin releasing hormone receptor and thyroid stimulating hormone beta levels were enhanced (P < 0.05). Moreover, transport of THs was inhibited due to reduced protein expression of hepatic transthyretin upon treatment with PM2.5. In summary, PM2.5 treatment could perturb TH homeostasis by affecting TH biosynthesis, biotransformation, and transport, affecting TH receptor levels, and inducing oxidative stress and inflammatory responses. Activation of the HPT axis and altered hepatic transthyretin levels therefore appear to play a crucial role in PM2.5-induced thyroid dysfunction.

4.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438356

RESUMO

Heterochromatin is widespread in eukaryotic genomes and has diverse impacts depending on its genomic context. Previous studies have shown that a protein complex, the ASI1-AIPP1-EDM2 (AAE) complex, participates in polyadenylation regulation of several intronic heterochromatin-containing genes. However, the genome-wide functions of AAE are still unknown. Here, we show that the ASI1 and EDM2 mostly target the common genomic regions on a genome-wide level and preferentially interacts with genetic heterochromatin. Polyadenylation [(poly(A)] sequencing reveals that AAE complex has a substantial influence on poly(A) site usage of heterochromatin-containing genes, including not only intronic heterochromatin-containing genes but also the genes showing overlap with heterochromatin. Intriguingly, AAE is also involved in the alternative splicing regulation of a number of heterochromatin-overlapping genes, such as the disease resistance gene RPP4. We provided evidence that genic heterochromatin is indispensable for the recruitment of AAE in polyadenylation and splicing regulation. In addition to conferring RNA processing regulation at genic heterochromatin-containing genes, AAE also targets some transposable elements (TEs) outside of genes (including TEs sandwiched by genes and island TEs) for epigenetic silencing. Our results reveal new functions of AAE in RNA processing and epigenetic silencing, and thus represent important advances in epigenetic regulation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Anim Biotechnol ; : 1-11, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439093

RESUMO

The wedge-tailed green pigeon (Treron sphenurus) has a protective value in the evolution of the family Columbidae. In this study, the complete mitogenome of T. sphenurus from Baise City, China, which represents the first sequenced species of the genus Treron in Tribe Treronini, is reported. This was accomplished using PCR-based methods and a primer-walking sequencing strategy with genus-specific primers. The mitogenome was found to be 18,919 bp in length comprising 37 genes, including 13 protein-coding genes, two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes, and one control region. In terms of structure and composition, many similarities were found between the T. sphenurus and Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae (New Zealand pigeon) mitogenomes. This was further supported by phylogenetic analysis showing that T. sphenurus has a close evolutionary relationship with H. novaeseelandiae. The complete mitogenome of T. sphenurus reported here is expected to provide valuable molecular information for further studies on the phylogeny of the genus Treron and for analyses of the taxonomic status of the family Columbidae.

6.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 251: 119417, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453600

RESUMO

The discovery of high color purity red-emitting phosphors is a major challenge for solid-state lighting materials. Benefitting from highly condensed and flexible framework structure of ß-Ca3(PO4)2-type compounds, we have successfully prepared three different kinds of novel high color purity red-emitting phosphors Sr19Mg2(PO4)14: Re3+ (Re3+= Eu3+, Sm3+, Pr3+) by using traditional sintering method. Rietveld refinement, SEM measurement, absorption spectra, emission/excitation spectra, fluorescence decay analysis and emission spectra in terms of different temperature were investigated and discussed clearly. The matrix optical band gap was calculated to be 4.5 eV by reflection data, which indicated the suitable host for rare earth doping. The single doped Eu3+, Sm3+ and Pr3+ phosphors could respectively exhibit characteristic and strong red emission peaks at 614 nm, 598 nm and 642 nm when excited by (near) ultraviolet radiation. Excitingly, all samples could obtain high color purity with the value of 91.6%, 90.6% and 84.8% for Eu3+, Sm3+, Pr3+ ions, respectively. Moreover, the thermal stability can stay strong which still keep over 75% at 150℃ when comparing with that at atmospheric temperature. The quantum efficiency (QE) is another important parameter for phosphors which were measured to be 46.6% for Eu3+, 53.1% for Sm3+ and 10.3% for Pr3+. The present work indicates that the Sr19Mg2(PO4)14: Re3+ phosphors are efficient red components with extraordinary color purity and high quantum efficiency for industrial applications as solid-state lighting materials.

7.
Org Lett ; 23(2): 279-284, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352055

RESUMO

An efficient divergent approach of Pd-catalyzed C-H oxygenation of polyaromatic rings is described. Reversible directing groups enable regiospecific peri- and ortho-oxygenation to readily access a wide array of polyaromatic phenols without pre- and postmanipulation of directing groups. The systematic mechanistic investigation, including deuterium-labeling experiments, palladacycle trapping, and DFT calculations, reveals that the tunable ligand-assisted C-H bond cleavage played a crucial role during the reaction process.

8.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 194: 113784, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33280996

RESUMO

Chinese herbal drugs are often combined with chemotherapy drugs for the treatment of cancers. However, the combination administrations often do not have scientifically sound bases established on full preclinical and clinical investigations. A commonly used anti-colon-cancer herb-drug pair, irinotecan (CPT-11) hydrochloride injection and Kang'ai (KA) injection was taken as an example to investigate the possible pharmacokinetic interactions between Chinese herbal drugs and chemotherapy injections to determine the potential adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Rats were randomly divided into three groups and received 20 mg/kg CPT-11 injection 15 min after administration of 4 mL/kg saline for the CPT-11 single administration group and 4 mL/kg KA injection for the separated co-administration group, respectively. In the pre-mixed co-administration group, rats received a mixture of 20 mg/kg CPT-11 injection and 4 mL/kg KA injection. Blood samples were collected at 10 pre-determined time points between 0 and 24 h. The tissue samples were collected at 5 and 8 min after the injections, respectively. A reliable LC-MS/MS method was established for the simultaneous determination of CPT-11 and its metabolites, SN-38, SN-38 G and APC in the rat plasma and tissue samples, after full confirmation of two injections chemical and stability compatibilities. Compared to the C0 (5129 ± 757 ng/mL) and AUC0-t (7858 ± 1307 ng h/mL) of CPT-11 in the CPT-11 single administration group, the C0 (4574 ± 371 ng/mL) and AUC0-t (8779 ± 601 ng h/mL) after the separated co-administration remained unchanged, but the pre-mixed co-administration resulted with a significant increased C0 (29,454 ± 12,080 ng/mL) and AUC0-t (15,539 ± 5165 ng h/mL) (p < 0.05). Since the exposures of CPT-11 in most tissues in the pre-mixed co-administration group were dramatically lower than the separated co-administration group, the increased CPT-11 plasma concentration may be produced by the delayed tissue distribution because of the encapsulation by the components contained in KA injection, such as polysaccharides. Similar differences were also found in its metabolite, SN-38 G. There are obvious herb-drug interactions between CPT-11 injection and KA injection after the pre-mixed co-administration. The resulting excessive CPT-11 in the plasma may lead to many serious ADRs. Therefore, the full evaluation of herb-drug interactions is necessary and inappropriate combinations should be avoided.

10.
Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci ; 16(1-2): 246-255, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150951

RESUMO

The ability to use language makes us human. For decades, researchers have been racking their minds to understand the relation between language and the human brain. Nevertheless, most previous neuroscientific research has investigated this issue from a 'single-brain' perspective, thus neglecting the nature of interpersonal communication through language. With the development of modern hyperscanning techniques, researchers have begun probing the neurocognitive processes underlying interpersonal verbal communication and have examined the involvement of interpersonal neural synchronization (INS) in communication. However, in most cases, the neurocognitive processes underlying INS are obscure. To tentatively address this issue, we propose herein a hierarchical model based on the findings from a growing amount of hyperscanning research. We suggest that three levels of neurocognitive processes are primarily involved in interpersonal verbal communication and are closely associated with distinctive patterns of INS. Different levels of these processes modulate each other bidirectionally. Furthermore, we argued that two processes (shared representation and interpersonal predictive coding) might coexist and work together at each level to facilitate successful interpersonal verbal communication. We hope this model will inspire further innovative research in several directions within the fields of social and cognitive neuroscience.

11.
J Low Genit Tract Dis ; 25(1): 22-26, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33347045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the Cobas 4800 Assay and the SeqHPV Assay with self (S) and direct (D) cervical samples in the Chinese Multicenter Screening Trial (CHIMUST). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CHIMUST is a large population-based multicenter clinical trial, and 10,885 women aged 30-59 years from 15 sites in 7 provinces with no cervical cancer screening for 3 years were eligible. All participating women contributed one self-collected sample (S) and 1 physician-collected endocervical sample (DL). The self-collected sample was first applied to the solid media transport card (SS), and then, the brush placed in 6 mL of ThinPrepSolution (SL). All samples were tested with Cobas 4800 and SeqHPV high-risk HPV assays. Patients human papillomavirus positive (self or direct) were recalled for colposcopy and biopsies. RESULTS: A total of 10,399 women had complete data. The mean age was 43.9 years. A total of 1.4% (142/10,399) had cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2+ and 0.5% (54/10,339) had CIN 3+. In the liquid specimens, the overall HPV infection rates were 10.8% for Cobas and 10.9% for SeqHPV in D sample, and 13.7% for Cobas and 11.6% for SeqHPV in SL sample, respectively. The sensitivity of Cobas-DL, Cobas-SL, SeqHPV-DL, and SeqHPV-SL for CIN 2+ was 95.07%, 95.07%, 94.33%, and 96.48%, respectively. The specificity of Cobas-DL, Cobas-SL, SeqHPV-DL, and SeqHPV-SL for CIN 2+ was 90.38%, 87.35%, 90.21%, and 89.53%, respectively. There were no differences in sensitivity when applying the 2 assays to both self- and directly collected samples in liquid transport media (p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Both Cobas and SeqHPV screening assays using both self-collected and directly endocervical collected specimens demonstrate similar sensitivity for the detection of CIN 2+ and CIN 3+.

12.
Neural Netw ; 134: 1-10, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33276194

RESUMO

Typical methods to study cognitive function are to record the electrical activities of animal neurons during the training of animals performing behavioral tasks. A key problem is that they fail to record all the relevant neurons in the animal brain. To alleviate this problem, we develop an RNN-based Actor-Critic framework, which is trained through reinforcement learning (RL) to solve two tasks analogous to the monkeys' decision-making tasks. The trained model is capable of reproducing some features of neural activities recorded from animal brain, or some behavior properties exhibited in animal experiments, suggesting that it can serve as a computational platform to explore other cognitive functions. Furthermore, we conduct behavioral experiments on our framework, trying to explore an open question in neuroscience: which episodic memory in the hippocampus should be selected to ultimately govern future decisions. We find that the retrieval of salient events sampled from episodic memories can effectively shorten deliberation time than common events in the decision-making process. The results indicate that salient events stored in the hippocampus could be prioritized to propagate reward information, and thus allow decision-makers to learn a strategy faster.

13.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124163, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33254444

RESUMO

Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of Gracilaria corticata (GC) macroalgae was studied over a series of nickel-iron-layered double oxides (NiFe-LDO) supported on activated bio-char catalysts at 280 °C and different solvents medium. Maximum bio-oil yield (56.2 wt%) was found with 5%Ga/NiFe-LDO/AC catalyst at 280 °C under ethanol solvent. The catalytic HTL up-gradation decreased the bio-char yield significantly. However the bio-oil quality significantly improved with using the 5%Ga/NiFe-LDO/AC catalyst. Also, improved performance with higher amount of bio-oil and lower amounts of bio-char and gas were achieved, which is due the several reactions happening during the HTL process. Catalytic HTL also revealed that introducing NiFe-LDO nanosheets into the activated char could result in NiFe-LDO/AC catalysts of higher surface area and increased active sites. Being impregnated by 5%Ga, catalysts with improved acid sites and thereby, advanced deoxygenation and aromatization activities were achieved. Hence Ga/NiFe-LDO/AC could be considered as a promising catalyst HTL bio-oil upgrading.


Assuntos
Gracilaria , Alga Marinha , Biocombustíveis , Biomassa , Óleos Vegetais , Polifenóis , Temperatura , Água
14.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1868(1): 118878, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011193

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynaecologic malignancy, and the five-year survival rate of patients is less than 35% worldwide. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a population of cells with stem-like characteristics that are thought to cause chemoresistance and recurrence. TRIM29 is aberrantly expressed in various cancers and associated with cancer development and progression. Previous studies showed that the upregulation of TRIM29 expression in pancreatic cancer is related to stem-like characteristics. However, the role of TRIM29 in ovarian cancer is poorly understood. In this study, we found that TRIM29 expression was increased at the translational level in both the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells and clinical tissues. Increased TRIM29 expression was associated with a poor prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer. In addition, TRIM29 could enhance the CSC-like characteristics of the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells. Recruitment of YTHDF1 to m6A-modified TRIM29 was involved in promoting TRIM29 translation in the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells. Knockdown of YTHDF1 suppressed the CSC-like characteristics of the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells, which could be rescued by ectopic expression of TRIM29. This study suggests TRIM29 may act as an oncogene to promote the CSC-like features of cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer in an m6A-YTHDF1-dependent manner. Due to the roles of TRIM29 and YTHDF1 in the promotion of CSC-like features, they may become potential therapeutic targets to combat the recurrence of ovarian cancer.

15.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 115: 103876, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987012

RESUMO

In mammals, cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) is a crucial cytosolic DNA sensor responsible for activating the interferon (IFN) response. A cGAS-like (cGASL) gene was previously identified from grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idellus, which is evolutionarily closest to cGAS but not a true ortholog of cGAS. Here, we found that grass carp cGASL targets mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS) for autophagic degradation to negatively regulate fish IFN response. Firstly, the transcriptional level of cellular cgasl was upregulated by poly I:C stimulation, and overexpression of cGASL significantly decreased poly I:C- and MAVS-induced promoter activities and transcriptional levels of IFN and IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs). In addition, cGASL associated with MAVS and prompted autophagic degradation of MAVS in a dose-dependent manner. Finally, overexpression of cGASL attenuated MAVS-mediated cellular antiviral response. These results collectively indicate that cGASL negatively regulates fish IFN response by triggering autophagic degradation of MAVS.

16.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 890: 173654, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068589

RESUMO

Tobacco smoke is the major risk factor for developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Viral infection is a major cause of COPD exacerbation, which lacks effective drug treatments. In the present study, to mimic the pathogenesis of COPD, we employed a TLR3 ligand [Poly (I:C), PIC] to mimic viral infection to determine whether it enhances the effects of cigarette smoke (CS)-induced airway inflammation and remodeling. Our results showed that PIC enhanced the effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced inflammatory cytokine IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-8 mRNA expression and remodeling factor E-cadherin, α-SMA and TGF-ß1 mRNA expression with TLR3 upregulation and EGFR phosphorylation in pulmonary epithelial NCI-H292 cells. These responses were inhibited by a TLR3/dsRNA complex inhibitor (TLR3i) or a tyrosine kinase inhibitor icotinib (Ico). Similarly, in the PIC-enhanced CS-induced airway inflammation and remodeling mouse model, treatment with TLR3i or Ico reduced the mRNA and protein expression of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and TNF-α and keratinocyte chemoattractant (KC) and the remodeling factors α-SMA, TGF-ß1, MMP-9 and MUC5AC, while increasing E-cadherin mRNA and protein expression. Furthermore, we found that TLRi and Ico can attenuate the airway hyperreactivity induced by PIC, which is enhanced by CS. Finally, PIC enhanced the effects of CS on TLR3 upregulation and EGFR phosphorylation and significantly increased Erk1/2 and P38 phosphorylation, whereas TLR3i and Ico markedly suppressed TLR3 upregulation and EGFR, Erk1/2 and P38 phosphorylation in the model. Our findings suggest that TLR3/EGFR may be a potential target for the treatment of airway inflammation and remodeling in COPD.

17.
J Affect Disord ; 280(Pt A): 121-126, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate cognitive function in patients with anxious depression. METHODS: This was a part of the "Objective Diagnostic Indicators and Individualized Drug Intervention of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)" study. All participants, including patients with MDD and healthy controls (HCs), completed the 17-item Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD17) and the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA). Anxious depression was defined as a HAMD17 anxiety/somatization factor score ≥7. Cognitive function was assessed at baseline and at the end of week 8. HC cognitive function was assessed at baseline. RESULTS: A total of 1048 people were included in the analysis, including 328 patients in the anxious depression group (G1=328), 221 patients in the MDD without anxious depression group (G2=221), and 499 in the HC group (G3=499). There were significant differences in the HAMA at baseline (t=13.050, p<0.001), HAMD17 at baseline (t=16.722, p<0.001), and HAMA at weekend 8 (z=-3.477, p=0.001) between G1 and G2. Cognitive functioning on the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised (HVLT-R) (t=2.948, p=0.003) and the Brief Visual Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R) (t=2.843, p=0.005) was better in G1 than in G2 at baseline. Cognitive functioning on the HVLT-R (OR=1.081, p=0.006) was better in G1 than in G2 at weekend 8. The Stroop-color-word test (SCWT) (OR=0.976, p=0.004) and the Continuous Performance Test (CPT) (OR=0.698, p=0.007) showed significant differences at baseline; however, after the acute treatment phase, there were no significant differences in executive function (assessed by SCWT) (p=0.148) or attention/vigilance (assessed by CPT) (p=0.416) between G1 and G3. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with anxious depression have more severe depressive symptoms but better cognitive function, especially for verbal learning, compared with nonanxious depression patients. After the acute treatment phase, executive function and attention/vigilance in anxious depression patients may be remitted.

18.
Infect Agent Cancer ; 15(1): 72, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The solid transport media is a small size card that allows fast, easy DNA extraction from a variety of biological samples. In 2016 we developed a solid media transport card; for that pilot study to control the self-collection we used a pseudo-self-collection technique. The current study expands this prior work using true self-collections and only the POI card, and aims to evaluate the solid media transport card to detect HR-HPV in self-samples compared to liquid transport media. METHODS: Ten thousand eight hundred eighty-five women between the ages of 30-59 with no screening for 3 years were enrolled. The self-collected sample was first applied to a new solid media transport card (Labeled as SC) then the brush placed in 6 ml ThinPrep liquid (Labeled as SL). Then a physician collected a direct endocervical specimen into ThinPrep liquid (Labeled as DL). Samples were tested with Cobas 4800 and the SeqHPV NGS assay for HR-HPV. Patients positive on any test were recalled for colposcopy and biopsy. RESULTS: Ten thousand three hundred thirty-nine participants had complete data. The mean age was 43.9 years. CIN 2+ rates were 1.4% (142/10339). The agreement in HPV detection between the two different self-sample collection media was also good (Cobas HPV kappa = 0.86; SeqHPV kappa = 0.98). Tested with Cobas, the sensitivity of Cobas-SL and Cobas-SC for CIN 2+ was95.07 and 94.37%; and for CIN3+ was 96.30, 96.30% respectively. The specificity of Cobas-SC, and Cobas-SL for CIN2+ was 88.74 and 87.35%; for CIN3 was 88.04and 86.65% respectively. Tested with SeqHPV, the sensitivity for CIN2+ of Seq-SC and Seq-SL was 95.77 and 96.48%; for CIN3+, both the SC and SL specimens had a sensitivity of 100%. The specificity for CIN2+ of Seq-SC and Seq-SL was 89.54 and 89.53%; for CIN3+ was 88.84,88.82% respectively. For both HR-HPV assays, the sensitivities were similar for the two self-sample media (SC vs SL, p = 1.00). CONCLUSIONS: The solid transport card for collecting vaginal self-samples as accurate as liquid transport media assayed by two different PCR based HR-HPV tests. The solid transport media is a suitable medium for collecting and storing vaginal self-samples.

19.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 7(23): 2002611, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33304768

RESUMO

Aging is a physiological decline in both structural homeostasis and functional integrity, progressively affecting organismal health. A major hallmark of aging is the accumulation of senescent cells, which have entered a state of irreversible cell cycle arrest after experiencing inherent or environmental stresses. Although cellular senescence is essential in several physiological events, it plays a detrimental role in a large array of age-related pathologies. Recent biomedical advances in specifically targeting senescent cells to improve healthy aging, or alternatively, postpone natural aging and age-related diseases, a strategy termed senotherapy, have attracted substantial interest in both scientific and medical communities. Challenges for aging research are highlighted and potential avenues that can be leveraged for therapeutic interventions to control aging and age-related disorders in the current era of precision medicine.

20.
J Viral Hepat ; 2020 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382164

RESUMO

We are glad to respond to the concerns of Drs. Levy and Terrault about our articles on the mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in HBeAg-positive mothers. We agree with Drs. Levy and Terrault that antiviral therapy of HBV during pregnancy could effectively decrease the MTCT, and this strategy has been recommended by WHO for pregnant women with a high viral load. However, the long-term influences of the abrupt cessation of antiretroviral drugs in mothers and prenatal exposure to antiviral drugs in newborns are not completely understood and are still under investigation. And not all pregnant mothers would accept this regiment due to the medication availability and individual willingness. It makes sense to study the influential factors on MTCT among mothers with high-risk transmission but not taking antiviral drugs. Despite the relatively large number of subjects included in our cohort (N = 857), post hoc power computation shows that the test efficacy is far from adequate to detect the association between delivery mode or feeding type and HBV MTCT. Therefore, we summarized the relevant studies to reach a relatively reasonable conclusion in HBsAg- and HBeAg-positive pregnant mothers not taking antiviral drugs. We provide an alternative option for HBsAg- and HBeAg-positive pregnant mothers who cannot access or defer to antiviral therapy during pregnancy to reduce the risk of HBV transmission to their offspring.

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