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1.
Gene ; : 145521, 2021 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631236

RESUMO

SPINDLIN1-Z (SPIN1Z), a member of the Spin/Ssty(Y-linked spermiogenesis specific transcript) protein family, participates in the early embryonic development process. Our previous RNA-seq analysis indicates that the level of Spin1z was abundantly expressed in male embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and primitive germ cells (PGCs), we speculate that Spin1z may play an important role in chicken male differentiation. Therefore, the loss- and gain-of-function experiments provide solid evidence that Spin1z is both necessary and sufficient to initiate male development in chicken. Furthermore, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay and the dual-luciferase assay was performed to further confirm that Spin1z contributed to chicken male differentiation by inhibiting the Tcf4 transcription. Our findings provide a novel insight into the molecular mechanism for chicken male differentiation.

2.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1868(1): 118878, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011193

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is the deadliest gynaecologic malignancy, and the five-year survival rate of patients is less than 35% worldwide. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a population of cells with stem-like characteristics that are thought to cause chemoresistance and recurrence. TRIM29 is aberrantly expressed in various cancers and associated with cancer development and progression. Previous studies showed that the upregulation of TRIM29 expression in pancreatic cancer is related to stem-like characteristics. However, the role of TRIM29 in ovarian cancer is poorly understood. In this study, we found that TRIM29 expression was increased at the translational level in both the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells and clinical tissues. Increased TRIM29 expression was associated with a poor prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer. In addition, TRIM29 could enhance the CSC-like characteristics of the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells. Recruitment of YTHDF1 to m6A-modified TRIM29 was involved in promoting TRIM29 translation in the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells. Knockdown of YTHDF1 suppressed the CSC-like characteristics of the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells, which could be rescued by ectopic expression of TRIM29. This study suggests TRIM29 may act as an oncogene to promote the CSC-like features of cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer in an m6A-YTHDF1-dependent manner. Due to the roles of TRIM29 and YTHDF1 in the promotion of CSC-like features, they may become potential therapeutic targets to combat the recurrence of ovarian cancer.

3.
Water Res ; 188: 116520, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091806

RESUMO

Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is a prevalently used disinfectant alternative to chlorine, due to its effectiveness in pathogen inactivation and low yields of organic halogenated disinfection byproducts (DBPs). However, during ClO2 generation, chlorine is inevitably introduced into the obtained ClO2 solution as an "impurity", which could compromise the merits of ClO2 disinfection. In this study, drinking water disinfection with ClO2 containing 0‒25% chlorine impurity (i.e., at Cl2 to ClO2 mass ratios of 0‒25%) was simulated, and the effect of chlorine impurity on the DBP formation and developmental toxicity of the finished water was evaluated. With increasing the chlorine impurity in ClO2, the chlorite level kept decreasing and the chlorate level gradually increased; meanwhile, an unexpected trend from decline to rise was observed for the total organic halogenated DBPs, with the minimum level appearing at 5% chlorine impurity. To unravel the mechanisms for the variations of organic halogenated DBPs with chlorine impurity, a quantitative kinetic model was developed to simulate the formation of chlorinated, brominated, and iodinated DBPs in the ClO2-disinfected drinking water. The modeling results indicated that reactions involving iodide accounted for the decrease of organic halogenated DBPs at a relatively low chlorine impurity level. In accordance with DBP formation, ClO2 with 5% chlorine impurity generated less toxic drinking water than pure ClO2, while significantly higher developmental toxicity was induced until the chlorine impurity reached 25%. For E. coli inactivation, the presence of chlorine impurity enhanced the disinfection efficiency due to a synergistic effect of ClO2 and chlorine. Therefore, disinfection practices with ClO2 containing low chlorine impurity (e.g., <10%) might be favored (i.e., there is no need to eliminate low chlorine impurity in the ClO2 solution), while those containing high chlorine impurity should be concerned.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Cloro , Compostos Clorados , Desinfecção , Escherichia coli , Halogenação , Óxidos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
4.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(2): 1391-1400, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749682

RESUMO

The development of primordial germ cells (PGCs) undergoes epigenetic modifications. The study of histone methylation in regulating PGCs is beneficial to understand the development and differentiation mechanism of germ stem cells. Notably, it provides a theoretical basis for directed induction and mass acquisition in vitro. However, little is known about the regulation of PGC formation by histone methylation. Here, we found the high enrichment of H3K4me2 in the blastoderm, genital ridges, and testis. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing was performed and the results revealed that genomic H3K4me2 is dynamic in embryonic stem cells, PGCs, and spermatogonial stem cells. This trend was consistent with the H3K4me2 enrichment in the gene promoter region. Additionally, narrow region triggered PGC-related genes (Bmp4, Wnt5a, and Tcf7l2) and signaling pathways (Wnt and transforming growth factor-ß). After knocking down histone methylase Mll2 in vitro and vivo, the level of H3K4me2 decreased, inhibiting Cvh and Blimp1 expression, then repressing the formation of PGCs. Taken together, our study revealed the whole genome map of H3K4me2 in the formation of PGCs, contributing to improve the epigenetic study in PGC formation and providing materials for bird gene editing and rescue of endangered birds.

5.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(9): 813, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994394

RESUMO

Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common endocrine tumor with an increasing incidence, has a strong propensity for neck lymph node metastasis. Limited treatment options are available for patients with advanced or recurrent metastatic disease, resulting in a poor prognosis. Tripartite motif protein 29 (TRIM29) is dysregulated in various cancer and functions as oncogene or tumor suppressor in discrete cancers. In this study, we found that both TRIM29 and fibronectin 1 (FN1) were upregulated with positive correlation in PTC tissues. Neither overexpression nor downregulation of TRIM29 altered the proliferation of PTC cells significantly. Overexpression of TRIM29 significantly promotes, while knockdown of TRIM29 significantly decreases migration and invasion by regulating FN1 expression in PTC cells. In terms of mechanism, we found that TRIM29 altered the stability of FN1 mRNA via regulation of miR-873-5p expression. The current study also demonstrated that long non-coding RNA (LncRNA) CYTOR suppressed maturation of miR-873-5p via interaction with premiR-873, and TRIM29 decreased miR-873-5p via upregulation of CYTOR. This study suggests that involvement of TRIM29 in migration and invasion in PTC cells may reveal potential metastatic mechanism of PTC and represent a novel therapeutic target and strategy.

6.
Chemosphere ; 254: 126890, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957290

RESUMO

Chlorine disinfection inactivates pathogens in drinking water, but meanwhile it causes the formation of halogenated disinfection byproducts (DBPs), which may induce adverse health effects. Humans are unavoidably exposed to halogenated DBPs via tap water ingestion. Boiling of tap water has been found to significantly reduce the concentrations of halogenated DBPs. In this study, we found that compared with boiling only, adding ascorbate (vitamin C) or carbonate (baking soda) to tap water and then boiling the water further reduced the level of total organic halogen (a collective parameter for all halogenated DBPs) by up to 36% or 28%, respectively. Adding ascorbate removed the chlorine residual in tap water and thus prevented the formation of more halogenated DBPs in the boiling process. Adding carbonate elevated pH of tap water and consequently enhanced the hydrolysis (dehalogenation) of halogenated DBPs or led to the formation of more trihalomethanes that might volatilize to air during the boiling process. The comparative developmental toxicity of the DBP mixtures in the water samples was also evaluated. The results showed that adding a tiny amount of sodium ascorbate or carbonate (2.5-5.0 mg/L) to tap water followed by boiling for 5 min reduced the developmental toxicity of tap water to a substantially lower level than boiling only. The addition of sodium ascorbate or carbonate to tap water in household could be realized by preparing them in tiny pills. This study suggests simple and effective methods to reduce the adverse effects of halogenated DBPs on humans through tap water ingestion.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Ácido Ascórbico , Carbonatos , Cloro , Desinfetantes/análise , Desinfecção/métodos , Água Potável/química , Halogenação , Halogênios , Humanos , Trialometanos/análise , Volatilização , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos
7.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780945

RESUMO

Antimicrobials are the most important therapy to bovine mastitis. Bacterial infection and antibiotic treatment of mastitis cycles frequently in dairy farms worldwide, giving rise to concerns about the emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. In this study, we examined the microbial diversity and antibiotic resistance profiles of bacteria isolated from raw milk from dairy farms in Jiangsu and Shandong provinces, China. Raw milk samples were collected from 857 dairy cattle including 800 apparently healthy individuals and 57 cows with clinical mastitis (CM) and subjected to microbiological culture, antimicrobial susceptibility assay and detection of antibiotic-resistant genes by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing. A total of 1,063 isolates belonging to 41 different bacterial genera and 86 species were isolated and identified, of which Pseudomonas spp. (256/1,063, 24.08%), Staphylococcus. spp. (136/1,063, 12.79%), Escherichia coli (116/1,063, 10.91%), Klebsiella spp. (104/1,063, 9.78%) and Bacillus spp. (84/1,063, 7.90%) were most frequently isolated. K. pneumoniae, one of the most prevalent bacteria, was more frequently isolated from the farms in Jiangsu (65/830, 7.83%) than Shandong (1/233, 0.43%) province, and showed a positive association with CM (p < .001). The antimicrobial susceptibility assay revealed that four of the K. pneumoniae isolates (4/66, 6.06%) were MDR bacteria (acquired resistance to ≥three classes of antimicrobials). Furthermore, among 66 isolates of K. pneumoniae, 21.21% (14/66), 13.64% (9/66) and 12.12% (8/66) were resistant to tetracycline, chloramphenicol and aminoglycosides, respectively. However, all K. pneumoniae isolates were sensitive to monobactams and carbapenems. The detection of antibiotic-resistant genes confirmed that the ß-lactamase genes (blaSHV and blaCTX-M ), aminoglycoside modifying enzyme genes [aac(6')-Ib, aph(3')-I and ant(3″)-I], tetracycline efflux pump (tetA) and transposon genetic marker (intI1) were positive in MDR isolates. This study indicated that MDR K. pneumoniae isolates emerged in dairy farms in Jiangsu province and could be a potential threat to food safety and public health.

8.
J Nat Prod ; 83(7): 2246-2254, 2020 07 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663025

RESUMO

Seven new 4-acyl-2-aminoimidazoles, designated strepimidazoles A-G (1-7), were discovered from the endophytic Streptomyces sp. PKU-EA00015 isolated from Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, whose dry root "Danshen" is one of the most widely used traditional Chinese medicines. The resonance signals of the 2-aminoimidazole moiety in 1-7 were absent in the NMR spectra due to tautomerization, and the structures of 1-7 were identified after preparation of their acetylation products 1a-7a, respectively. Compounds 1-7 represent a new family of 2-aminoimidazole-containing natural products, enriching the structural diversity of natural products from endophytic origin. Compounds 1-7 showed different degrees of inhibitory activities against the plant pathogenic fungus Verticillium dahliae V991, revealing structure-activity relationships on the acyl moieties. The plant pathogenic fungus V. dahliae has been confirmed to cause serious chlorosis of cultivated S. miltiorrhiza Bunge in China. This study opens the door for further investigation of mutualistic relationships between S. miltiorrhiza Bunge and their endophytic actinomycetes and for possible antifungal agent development for biological control of V. dahliae in the future.

9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(9): 2009-2016, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495546

RESUMO

Numerous studies showed that the growth of medicinal plants in their native areas was simultaneously affected by abiotic stress combinations. Compared with single stress, plants have unique responses to a combination of different abiotic stresses and cannot be inferred directly from plants' responses to each individual stress. The effect of combined stresses on plants usually has three types of synergistic antagonism or independence. The secondary metabolism in the process of medicinal plant stress combination response also played a vital role, and environmental stresses can spur the accumulation of secondary metabolites, but under the stress combination, plants induce specific gene expression of key enzymes on secondary metabolic pathways, in turn, the accumulation of secondary metabolites against stress is formed. When plants are subjected to stress combination, the interaction of multiple signaling pathways makes it highly complex for plants to respond to stress combination. This paper summarized the effects of stress combination on physiological and secondary metabolism of medicinal plants, and discussed the related physiological, biochemical and molecular mechanisms. It provides theoretical basis for improving the adaptability of medicinal plants to adversity, improving the quality of Chinese medicinal materials, and further optimizing the cultivation of medicinal plants.


Assuntos
Plantas Medicinais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Metabolismo Secundário , Estresse Fisiológico
10.
Bioinformatics ; 36(18): 4757-4764, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573702

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Evaluating genome similarity among individuals is an essential step in data analysis. Advanced sequencing technology detects more and rarer variants for massive individual genomes, thus enabling individual-level genome similarity evaluation. However, the current methodologies, such as the principal component analysis (PCA), lack the capability to fully leverage rare variants and are also difficult to interpret in terms of population genetics. RESULTS: Here, we introduce a probabilistic topic model, latent Dirichlet allocation, to evaluate individual genome similarity. A total of 2535 individuals from the 1000 Genomes Project (KGP) were used to demonstrate our method. Various aspects of variant choice and model parameter selection were studied. We found that relatively rare (0.001 20 000 bp) variants are more efficient for genome similarity evaluation. At least 100 000 such variants are necessary. In our results, the populations show significantly less mixed and more cohesive visualization than the PCA results. The global similarities among the KGP genomes are consistent with known geographical, historical and cultural factors. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The source code and data access are available at: https://github.com/lrjuan/LDA_genome. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

11.
Chemosphere ; 252: 126611, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32443275

RESUMO

Halogenated disinfection byproducts (DBPs) are formed during chlorine disinfection of drinking water. The complicated natural organic matter in source water causes the formation of an even more complicated mixture of DBPs. To evaluate the toxicity of a DBP mixture in a disinfected water sample, the sample needs to be pretreated in order to attain an observable acute adverse effect in the toxicity test. During sample pretreatment, volatile DBPs including trihalomethanes, haloacetonitriles and haloketones may be lost, which could affect the toxicity evaluation of the DBP mixture. In this study, we intentionally prepared "concentrated" simulated drinking water samples, which contained sufficiently high levels of volatile and nonvolatile DBPs and thus enabled directly evaluating the toxicity of the DBP mixtures without sample pretreatment. Specifically, the natural organic matter and bromide concentrations and the chlorine dose in the concentrated water samples were 250 times higher than those in a typical drinking water sample. Each concentrated water sample was divided into two aliquots, and one of them was nitrogen sparged to eliminate volatile DBPs; then, both aliquots were used directly in a well-established developmental toxicity test. No significant difference (p > 0.10) was found between the developmental toxicity indexes of each concentrated water sample without and with nitrogen sparging, indicating that the contribution of volatile DBPs to the developmental toxicity of the DBP mixture might be marginal. A reasonable interpretation is that nonvolatile halogenated DBPs (especially the aromatic ones) in the DBP mixture could be the major developmental toxicity contributor that warrants more attention.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes/toxicidade , Água Potável/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Brometos , Cloro , Desinfetantes/análise , Desinfecção , Halogenação , Nitrogênio , Poliquetos/fisiologia , Trialometanos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água
12.
J Dairy Res ; 87(2): 232-238, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295660

RESUMO

In this research paper we filter and verify miRNAs which may target silent information regulator homolog 2 (SIRT2) gene and then describe the mechanism whereby miRNA-212 might regulate lipogenic genes in mammary epithelial cell lines via targeting SIRT2. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that the bovine SIRT2 gene is regulated by three miRNAs: miR-212, miR-375 and miR-655. The three miRNAs were verified and screened by qRT-PCR, western blot, and luciferase multiplex verification techniques and only miR-212 was shown to have a targeting relationship with SIRT2. The results of co-transfecting miR-212 and silencing RNA (siRNA) showed that by targeting SIRT2, miR-212 can regulate the expression of fatty acid synthetase (FASN) and sterol regulatory element binding factor 1 (SREBP1) but not peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ). Measurement of triglyceride (TAG) content showed that miR-212 increased the fat content of mammary epithelial cell lines. The study indicates that miR-212 could target and inhibit the expression of the SIRT2 gene to promote lipogenesis in mammary epithelial cell lines.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047747

RESUMO

Although genome sequencing has become increasingly popular, the simulation of individual genomes is still important. This is because sequencing a large number of individual genomes is costly and genome data with extreme and boundary conditions, such as fatal genetic defects, are difficult to obtain. Privacy and legal barriers also prevent many applications of real data. Large sequencing projects in recent years have provided a deeper understanding of the human genome. However, there is a lack of tools to leverage known data to simulate personal genomes as real as possible. Here, we designed and developed PGsim, a comprehensive and highly customizable individual genome simulator, that fully uses existing knowledge, such as variant allele frequencies in global or world main populations, mutation probability differences between protein-coding regions and non-coding regions, transition/transversion (Ti/Tv) ratios, Indel incidence, Indel length distribution, structural variation sites, and pathogenic mutation sites. Users can flexibly control the proportion and quantity of known variants, common variants, novel variants in both coding and non-coding regions, and special variants through detailed parameter settings. To ensure that the simulated personal genome has sufficient randomness, PGsim makes the generated variants more real and reliable in terms of variant distribution, proportion, and population characteristics. PGsim is able to employ a huge volume database as background data to simulate personal genomes and does not require SQL database support. Users can easily change the variant databases used as needed. As a Perl script, there is no obstacle to running PGsim on any version of the MAC OS or Linux systems, and no libraries, packages, interpreters, compilers, or other dependencies need to be installed in advance. The PGsim tool is publicly available at https://github.com/lrjuan/PGsim.

14.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1867(4): 118647, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926942

RESUMO

Cisplatin-based chemotherapies have long been considered as a standard chemotherapy in ovarian cancer. However, cisplatin resistance restricts beneficial therapy for patients with ovarian cancer. The ubiquitin-like protein interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) encodes a 15-kDa protein, that is implicated in the post-translational modification of diverse proteins. In this work, we found that ISG15 was downregulated in cisplatin resistant tissues and cell lines of ovarian cancer. Functional studies demonstrated that overexpression of wild type (WT) ISG15, but not nonISGylatable (Mut) ISG15 increased cell responses to cisplatin in resistant ovarian cancer cells. Furthermore, we found that WT ISG15 decreased ABCC2 expression at the protein level. Importantly, overexpression of ABCC2 blocked sensitizing effect of ISG15 on cisplatin. In addition, we identified that hnRNPA2B1 was recruited to 5'UTR of ABCC2 mRNA and promoted its translation, which was blocked by ISG15. We further demonstrated that hnRNPA2B1 could be ISGylated, and ISGylation blocked its recruitment to ABCC2 mRNA, thereby suppressed translation of ABCC2. Altogether, our data support targeting ISG15 might be a potential therapeutic strategy for patients with cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas Grupo A-B/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Ubiquitinas/metabolismo , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas , Adulto , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citocinas/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/biossíntese , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ubiquitinas/genética
15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(3): 1646-1656, 2020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909989

RESUMO

Halogenated disinfection byproducts (DBPs) are generated via reactions with natural organic matter (NOM) in chlorine disinfection of drinking water. How large NOM molecules are converted to halogenated aliphatic DBPs during chlorination remains a fascinating yet largely unresolved issue. Recently, many relatively toxic halogenated aromatic DBPs have been identified in chlorinated drinking waters, and they behave as intermediate DBPs to decompose to halogenated aliphatic DBPs. There is still one gap between NOM and halogenated aromatic DBPs. In this study, nine nonhalogenated aromatic compounds were identified as new intermediate DBPs in chlorination, including 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 3-formyl-4-hydroxybenzoic acid, salicylic acid, 5-formyl-2-hydroxybenzoic acid, 4-hydroxyphthalic acid, 4'-hydroxyacetophenone, 4-methylbenzoic acid, and 4-hydroxy-3-methylbenzaldehyde. These nonhalogenated aromatic DBPs formed quickly and reached the maximum levels at relatively low chlorine doses within a short contact time, and their formation pathways were proposed. The formation kinetics of three nonhalogenated aromatic DBPs and their corresponding monochloro-/dichloro-substitutes during chlorination were then modeled. The nonhalogenated aromatic DBPs contributed up to 84% of the formed monochloro-substitutes and 22% of the formed dichloro-substitutes, demonstrating that they somewhat acted as intermediates between NOM and halogenated aromatic DBPs. Furthermore, the formed nonhalogenated aromatic DBPs were found to be removed by >50% by granular activated carbon adsorption.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , Água Potável , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Desinfecção , Halogenação
16.
Oncogene ; 39(3): 546-559, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501523

RESUMO

TRIM family proteins are defined as E3 ubiquitin ligases because of their RING-finger domains. The ubiquitin-like protein interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) encodes a 15-kDa protein, that is implicated in the posttranslational modification of diverse proteins. Both TRIM29 and ISG15 play both pro-tumoral and anti-tumoral functions in cancer cells derived from different histology. In the current study, we demonstrated that correlation expression of TRIM29 and ISG15 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs). The current study demonstrated that TRIM29 knockdown destabilized ISG15 protein via promoting its processing by calpain 3 (CAPN3). Importantly, the current study found that TRIM29 knockdown suppressed cancer stem cell-like features of PDACs, which can be rescued by ISG15 independent of its conjugation function. In addition, the current study demonstrated that extracellular free ISG15 played an important role in maintenance of cancer stem cell-like features of PDACs. Thereby, the current study displayed a novel mechanism by which TRIM29 modulates ISG15 stability via CAPN3-mediated processing, and subsequently extracellular ISG15 maintains the cancer stem cell-like features of PDAC via autocrine mode of action.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Ubiquitinas/metabolismo , Animais , Comunicação Autócrina , Calpaína/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Proteólise , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
17.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(1): 562-572, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657880

RESUMO

Solid tumour frequently undergoes metabolic stress during tumour development because of inadequate blood supply and the high nutrient expenditure. p53 is activated by glucose limitation and maintains cell survival via triggering metabolic checkpoint. However, the exact downstream contributors are not completely identified. BAG3 is a cochaperone with multiple cellular functions and is implicated in metabolic reprogramming of pancreatic cancer cells. The current study demonstrated that glucose limitation transcriptionally suppressed BAG3 expression in a p53-dependent manner. Importantly, hinderance of its down-regulation compromised cellular adaptation to metabolic stress triggered by glucose insufficiency, supporting that BAG3 might be one of p53 downstream contributors for cellular adaptation to metabolic stress. Our data showed that ectopic BAG3 expression suppressed p53 accumulation via direct interaction under metabolic stress. Thereby, the current study highlights the significance of p53-mediated BAG3 suppression in cellular adaptation to metabolic stress via facilitating p53 accumulation.

18.
Theranostics ; 9(20): 5810-5827, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31534521

RESUMO

TCF12, which is known to be involved in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation, has been reported to function as an oncogene or a tumor suppressor gene in the progression of various malignant tumors. However, its function and molecular mechanism in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. Methods: Stable ectopic TCF12 expression or knockdown in HCC cell lines was established by lentiviral infection. Then, MTT, colony formation, migration, invasion and HUVECs tube formation assays as well as an orthotopic xenograft model were used to investigate the biologic function of TCF12 in HCC cells in vitro and in vivo. Subsequently, RNA-Seq analysis was utilized to explore the target genes regulated by TCF12. RT-qPCR, western blotting, a dual-luciferase reporter assay, Ch-IP, CHIP-Seq and functional rescue experiments were used to confirm the target gene regulated by TCF12. Finally, RT-qPCR, western blot and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining were performed to detect the expression level of TCF12 and to analyze the correlation of TCF12 with downstream genes as well as the clinical significance of TCF12 in human primary HCC. Results: Our functional studies revealed that stable overexpression of TCF12 in human HCC cells enhanced cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo, whereas knockdown of TCF12 showed opposing effects. Mechanistically, CXCR4 was a downstream target of TCF12, and TCF12 directly bound to the CXCR4 promoter to regulate its expression. Moreover, CXCR4, with its ligand CXCL12, played a critical role in tumor progression induced by TCF12 via activation of the MAPK/ERK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways. Clinically, IHC analysis revealed that TCF12 was significantly associated with poor survival of HCC patients and that TCF12 expression was closely correlated with CXCR4 expression in primary HCC tissues. Conclusion: Our findings are the first to indicate that TCF12 could promote the tumorigenesis and progression of HCC mainly by upregulating CXCR4 expression and is a prognostic indicator for patients with HCC.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Receptores CXCR4/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Quimiocina CXCL12/genética , Quimiocina CXCL12/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Receptores CXCR4/genética
19.
Sci Total Environ ; 692: 117-126, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344565

RESUMO

Chlorine-disinfected sewage effluents are typically dechlorinated by using NaHSO3, Na2SO3, or Na2S2O3, as chlorine residual could be harmful to aquatic organisms upon discharge of sewage effluents into receiving marine water. In this study, we systematically investigated the effects of dechlorination-related factors on the developmental toxicity of a chlorinated saline primary sewage effluent, via direct exposure of the embryos of a marine polychaete to the effluent. The results showed that dechlorination ratio (i.e., the ratio of the dosed amount to the requisite stoichiometric amount of a dechlorination agent) and mixing condition were critical factors affecting the toxicity of the effluent. The toxicity of the effluent under insufficient dechlorination conditions was mainly caused by residual chlorine, especially monochloramine. Although the three dechlorination agents generally performed similarly, dechlorination with Na2S2O3 required a more vigorous mixing condition than that with NaHSO3 or Na2SO3, as the relatively high density of Na2S2O3 might affect the mixing efficiency. Under insufficient mixing conditions, a prolonged dechlorination time was beneficial to achieving complete dechlorination and thus lowered the toxicity of the effluent. Moreover, because disinfection byproducts (DBPs) may have chronic effects on aquatic organisms, the developmental toxicity of the DBP mixtures in the chlorinated effluent in different dechlorination scenarios was also evaluated. The results indicated that increasing the dechlorination ratio reduced the developmental toxicity of the DBP mixture in the chlorinated saline sewage effluent, which might be ascribed to the decrease of the levels of overall brominated and iodinated DBPs; the dechlorination agent (NaHSO3 or Na2S2O3) might act as a nucleophile in the nucleophilic substitution and cause the substitution of bromine or iodine atoms in brominated and iodinated DBPs. The results from this study might aid in the design and operation of dechlorination facilities in sewage treatment plants.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes/química , Desinfecção/métodos , Poliquetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Esgotos/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Animais , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Halogenação , Poliquetos/embriologia , Salinidade , Testes de Toxicidade
20.
Genes Genomics ; 41(10): 1147-1163, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As cattle represent one of the most important livestock species for meat production, control of muscle development in regards to quality is an important research focus. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the phenotypic quality traits and its associations with DNA methylation levels of the longissimus muscle in two cattle breeds were studied. METHODS: The pH value, water loss rate, fat and protein and fatty acid content were measured in three beef cattle breeds of longissimus mucle; The longissimus mucle was analyzed by MethylRAD-seq and RNA-seq. The differentially methylated and differentially expressed related genes were subjected to BSP. RESULTS: Methylation status of longissimus mucle was analyzed by MethylRAD-seq. Compared with Simmental, there were 39 differentially methylated and expressed genes in muscle of Yunling cattle, and 123 differentially methylated and expressed genes in Wenshan muscle. A combined analysis of MethylRAD-seq and RNA-seq results revealed differential methylation and expression level of 18 genes between Simmental and Wenshan cattle, and 14 genes between Simmental and Yunling cattle. In addition, 28 genes were differentially methylated between Wenshan and Yunling cattle. Results of promoter methylation analysis of ACAD11, FADS6 and FASN showed that the overall degree of DNA methylation of FADS6 and FASN was negatively correlated with their expression levels. Methylation level of FASN in Simmental was greater than Yunling and Wenshan. The degree of methylation at the FADS6 CpG4 site was significantly higher in Simmental than that in Yunling. The levels of methylation at the CpG7 locus of the Simmental and Yunling breeds were greater than Wenshan cattle. A negative correlation was detected between the methylation levels and the expression of FASN CpG1, CpG2, CpG3, CpG5, CpG7, and CpG10. CONCLUSION: The functional and molecular regulatory mechanism of the genes related to meat quality can be revealed systematically from aspects of the genetic and epigenetic regulation. These studies will help to further explore the molecular mechanisms and phenotypic differences that regulate growth and quality of different breeds of cattle.


Assuntos
Bovinos/genética , Metilação de DNA , Carne/análise , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , Músculos , Acil-CoA Desidrogenase/genética , Animais , Cruzamento , China , Epigênese Genética , Ácidos Graxos Dessaturases/genética , Ácido Graxo Sintase Tipo I/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Proteínas Musculares/análise , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , RNA Mensageiro
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