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1.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 4423-4432, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764661

RESUMO

Background: This study investigated the effects of metformin on breast density in overweight/obese premenopausal women. Methods: Overweight/obese premenopausal women (n=120) were randomly assigned to the metformin or placebo group, and all women received lifestyle interventions. The outcomes included weight, BMI, FPG, FIN, glucose, HOMA-IR, LDL-C, HDL-C, TG, TC, SBP, DBP, FSH, E, AD, and the BIRADS grade, and the incidence of breast cancer was assessed by pathological biopsy and BIRADS grade greater than 4. Results: In total, 120 overweight/obese women completed the 1-year trial. Seven patients had a BIRADS grade greater than 4, including 5 patients who were biopsy positive, in the control group, and 2 patients had a BIRADS grade greater than 4, including 1 patient who was biopsy positive, in the metformin group. Compared with those in the control group, the body weight, BMI, FIN, FPG, HOMA-IR, TC, BIRADS grade and positive pathological biopsy rate in the metformin group were significantly decreased (P<0.05), while AD was significantly increased (P<0.05). The correlation analysis indicated that the BIRADS grade was significantly correlated with weight, BMI, FPG, FIN, HOMA-IR, SBP, AD and the positive pathological biopsy rate, and the positive pathological biopsy rate was significantly correlated with weight, BMI, HOMA-IR, SBP, AD and BIRADS grade. The logistic regression analysis revealed that the BIRADS grade was significantly correlated with the positive pathological biopsy rate and AD and that the positive pathological biopsy rate was significantly correlated with the BIRADS grade. Conclusion: As adjunctive therapy, the combination of lifestyle changes and metformin was found to be a safe strategy for improving related metabolic markers and increasing adiponectin. The BIRADS grade was significantly correlated with the positive pathological biopsy rate and AD, and the positive pathological biopsy rate was significantly correlated with the BIRADS grade.

2.
Front Neuroanat ; 15: 727883, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602987

RESUMO

Doublecortin (DCX) is transiently expressed in new-born neurons in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and subgranular zone (SGZ) related to adult neurogenesis in the olfactory bulb (OB) and hippocampal formation. DCX immunoreactive (DCX+) immature neurons also occur in the cerebral cortex primarily over layer II and the amygdala around the paralaminar nucleus (PLN) in various mammals, with interspecies differences pointing to phylogenic variation. The tree shrews (Tupaia belangeri) are phylogenetically closer to primates than to rodents. Little is known about DCX+ neurons in the brain of this species. In the present study, we characterized DCX immunoreactivity (IR) in the forebrain of Chinese tree shrews aged from 2 months- to 6 years-old (n = 18). DCX+ cells were present in the OB, SVZ, SGZ, the piriform cortex over layer II, and the amygdala around the PLN. The numerical densities of DCX+ neurons were reduced in all above neuroanatomical regions with age, particularly dramatic in the DG in the 5-6 years-old animals. Thus, DCX+ neurons are present in the two established neurogenic sites (SVZ and SGZ) in the Chinese tree shrew as seen in other mammals. DCX+ cortical neurons in this animal exhibit a topographic pattern comparable to that in mice and rats, while these immature neurons are also present in the amygdala, concentrating around the PLN as seen in primates and some nonprimate mammals.

3.
Surg Endosc ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622300

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of robotic technology on the learning curve for robot-assisted gastrectomy in the initial clinical application stage and to compare RAG with laparoscopic-assisted gastrectomy using a short-term evaluation. METHODS: Between September 2016 and December 2018, 111 consecutive distal gastric cancer patients who were candidates for RAG or LAG were prospectively enrolled. Operative findings, morbidity, oncological findings, and the learning curve were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty patients underwent RAG with the da Vinci Si robot system, and eighty-one patients underwent LAG. Blood loss was lower during RAG than during LAG (133.80 ± 95.28 vs. 178.83 ± 98.37, P = 0.046). The operative time for RAG was significantly longer (304.45 ± 42.08 vs. 281.17 ± 32.69, P = 0.015). The number of retrieved lymph nodes (LNs) was greater (37.33 ± 8.25 vs. 32.78 ± 5.98, P = 0.003) with RAG. Notably, RAG had an advantage in the dissection of No. 9 and 11p LNs (3.56 ± 1.76 vs. 2.78 ± 1.30, P = 0.038; 2.48 ± 0.93 vs. 1.99 ± 0.84, P = 0.015, respectively). Severe complications were less frequent in the RAG group (7 (8.6%) vs. 1 (3.3%), P = 0.003). No significant differences in terms of postoperative recovery were found between the two groups. The learning curve for RAG showed that the cumulative sum value decreased from the 10th case, while it decreased from the 28th case in the LAG group. CONCLUSION: By means of robotic technology, RAG is better than LAG for the dissection of No. 9 and 11p LNs and for the alleviation of surgical trauma, and the technique is learned more rapidly during the preliminary stage than the LAG technique.

5.
Infect Drug Resist ; 14: 3627-3635, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522105

RESUMO

Background: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is a serious opportunistic infection in immunocompromised children. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is widely used for the diagnosis of PCP due to its good accuracy. However, the diagnostic performance of multiplex real-time PCR on sputum in children with PCP has never been explored. Methods: Medical records of 63 consecutive pediatric patients were analyzed retrospectively, including 13 cases with PCP and 50 with non-PCP pneumonia. Pneumocystis jirovecii (P. jirovecii) and other co-pathogens detected by multiplex real-time PCR in sputum samples were summarized. Using clinical composite diagnosis as the reference standard, we further compared the diagnostic performance of multiplex real-time PCR to combined serological markers (1,3)-ß-D-glucan plus lactate dehydrogenase. Additionally, modifications of antimicrobial treatment for pediatric PCP patients after the report of multiplex real-time PCR results were reviewed. Results: In children with PCP, nonproductive cough and shortness of breath were more common, lymphocyte count in peripheral blood was markedly lower, and serum levels of (1,3)-ß-D-glucan and lactate dehydrogenase were much higher than non-PCP group. Multiplex real-time PCR reached a sensitivity of 100% in diagnosing PCP, which was better than serum (1,3)-ß-D-glucan plus lactate dehydrogenase (76.9%). Its specificity (98.0%) significantly surpassed serum (1,3)-ß-D-glucan plus lactate dehydrogenase (84.4%). Furthermore, multiplex real-time PCR showed a good performance in identifying co-pathogens in sputum of pediatric PCP patients. Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae were the most common co-pathogens in these patients. Initial antimicrobial treatment was modified in 76.9% of children with PCP after the report of PCR results. Conclusion: Multiplex real-time PCR on sputum is a diagnostic tool with good performance for the identification of P. jirovecii as well as co-pathogens in children with PCP. Sputum may be an alternative to bronchoalveolar lavage fluid for PCR assay in children when bronchoscopic examination is not feasible.

6.
Front Oncol ; 11: 646577, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513661

RESUMO

Introduction: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) 19del and L858R mutation are known as "common mutations" in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and predict sensitivities to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), whereas 20ins and T790M mutations confer drug-resistance to EGFR-TKIs. The role of the remaining uncommon EGFR mutations remains elusive. Methods: We retrospectively screened a group of NSCLC patients with uncommon EGFR mutations other than 20ins and T790M. The mutation patterns, use of different generations of EGFR-TKIs, and concurrent genetic alterations were analyzed. Meanwhile, a cohort of patients with single 19del or L858R were included for comparison. Results: A total of 180/1,300 (13.8%) patients were identified. There were 102 patients with advanced or recurrent NSCLC that received first-line therapy of gefitinib/erlotinib/icotinib and afatinib and were eligible for analysis. The therapeutic outcomes among patients with common mutations (EGFRcm, n = 97), uncommon mutation plus common mutations (EGFRum+EGFRcm, n = 52), complex uncommon mutations (complex EGFRum, n = 22), and single uncommon mutations (single EGFRum, n = 28) were significantly different (ORRs: 76.3%, 61.5%, 54.5%, and 50.0%, respectively, p = 0.023; and mPFS: 13.3, 14.7, 8.1, and 6.0 months, respectively, p = 0.004). Afatinib showed superior efficacy over gefitinib/erlotinib/icotinib in EGFRcm (ORR: 81.0% vs. 75.0%, p = 0.773; mPFS: 19.1 vs. 12.0m, p = 0.036), EGFRum+EGFRcm (ORR: 100% vs. 54.5%, p = 0.017; mPFS: NE vs. 13.6m, p = 0.032), and single EGFRum (ORR: 78.6% vs. 21.4%, p = 0.007; mPFS: 10.1 vs. 3.0m, p = 0.025) groups. Comprehensive genomic profiling by Next Generation Sequencing encompassing multiple cancer-related genes was performed on 51/102 patients; the mPFS of patients without co-mutation (n = 16) and with co-mutations of tumor-suppressor genes (n = 31) and driver oncogenes (n = 4) were 31.1, 9.2, and 12.4 months, respectively (p = 0.046). TP53 mutation was the most common co-alteration and showed significantly shorter mPFS than TP53 wild-type patients (7.0 vs. 31.1m, p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that concurrent 19del/L858R and tumor-suppressor gene alterations independently predicted better and worse prognosis in patients with uncommon mutations, respectively. Conclusions: Uncommon EGFR mutations constitute a highly heterogeneous subgroup of NSCLC that confer different sensitivities to EGFR-TKIs with regard to the mutation patterns. Afatinib may be a better choice for most uncommon EGFR mutations. Concurrent 19del/L858R and tumor-suppressor gene alterations, especially TP53, can be established as prognostic biomarkers.

7.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 717263, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504419

RESUMO

Shank3 is a postsynaptic scaffolding protein of excitatory synapses. Mutations or variations of SHANK3 are associated with various psychiatric and neurological disorders. We set to determine its normal expression pattern in the human brain, and its change, if any, with age and Alzheimer's disease (AD)-type ß-amyloid (Aß) and Tau pathogenesis. In general, Shank3 immunoreactivity (IR) exhibited largely a neuropil pattern with differential laminar/regional distribution across brain regions. In youth and adults, subsets of pyramidal/multipolar neurons in the cerebrum, striatum, and thalamus showed moderate IR, while some large-sized neurons in the brainstem and the granule cells in the cerebellar cortex exhibited light IR. In double immunofluorescence, Shank3 IR occurred at the sublemmal regions in neuronal somata and large dendrites, apposing to synaptophysin-labeled presynaptic terminals. In aged cases, immunolabeled neuronal somata were reduced, with disrupted neuropil labeling seen in the molecular layer of the dentate gyrus in AD cases. In immunoblot, levels of Shank3 protein were positively correlated with that of the postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD95) among different brain regions. Levels of Shank3, PSD95, and synaptophysin immunoblotted in the prefrontal, precentral, and cerebellar cortical lysates were reduced in the aged and AD relative to youth and adult groups. Taken together, the differential Shank3 expression among brain structures/regions indicates the varied local density of the excitatory synapses. The enriched Shank3 expression in the forebrain subregions appears inconsistent with a role of this protein in the modulation of high cognitive functions. The decline of its expression in aged and AD brains may relate to the degeneration of excitatory synapses.

8.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 712276, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504815

RESUMO

Introduction: The risk of mortality is higher in pediatric intensive care units (PICU). To prevent mortality in critically ill infants, optimal clinical management and risk stratification are required. Aims and Objectives: To assess the accuracy of PELOD-2, PIM-3, and PRISM-III/IV scores to predict outcomes in pediatric patients. Results: A total of 29 studies were included for quantitative synthesis in meta-analysis. PRISM-III/IV scoring showed pooled sensitivity of 0.78; 95% CI: 0.72-0.83 and pooled specificity of 0.75; 95% CI: 0.68-0.81 with 84% discrimination performance (SROC 0.84, 95% CI: 0.80-0.87). In the case of PIM-3, pooled sensivity 0.75; 95% CI 0.71-0.79 and pooled specificity 0.76; 95% CI 0.73-0.79 were observed with good discrimination power (SROC, 0.82, 95% CI 0.78-0.85). PELOD-2 scoring system had pooled sensitivity of 0.78 (95% CI: 0.71-0.83) and combined specificity of 0.75 (95% CI: 0.68-0.81), as well as good discriminating ability (SROC 0.83, 95% CI: 0.80-0.86) for mortality prediction in PICU patients. Conclusion: PRISM-III/IV, PIM-3, and PELOD-2 had good performance for mortality prediction in PICU but with low to moderate certainty of evidence. More well-designed studies are needed for the validation of the study results.

9.
Molecules ; 26(15)2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34361632

RESUMO

The present study focuses on the biological synthesis, characterization, and antibacterial activities of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using extracellular extracts of Aspergillus japonicus PJ01.The optimal conditions of the synthesis process were: 10 mL of extracellular extracts, 1 mL of AgNO3 (0.8 mol/L), 4 mL of NaOH solution (1.5 mol/L), 30 °C, and a reaction time of 1 min. The characterizations of AgNPs were tested by UV-visible spectrophotometry, zeta potential, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric (TG) analyses. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis showed that Ag+ was reduced by the extracellular extracts, which consisted chiefly of soluble proteins and reducing sugars. In this work, AgNO3 concentration played an important role in the physicochemical properties and antibacterial properties of AgNPs. Under the AgNO3 concentration of 0.2 and 0.8 mol/L, the diameters of AgNPs were 3.8 ± 1.1 and 9.1 ± 2.9 nm, respectively. In addition, smaller-sized AgNPs showed higher antimicrobial properties, and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values against both E. coli and S. aureus were 0.32 mg/mL.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Aspergillus/metabolismo , Química Verde/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(34): e27120, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is one of the most common causes of mortality and disability worldwide, which has become a global health concern due to the high prevalence, mortality, and disability rate. Naoxintong capsule is an oral Chinese patent preparation used extensively to treat AIS in China. However, the systematic evaluation on the clinical efficacy and safety of Naoxintong capsule is still absent. Therefore, we attempt to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis based on the existing evidence, in order to provide solid support for the clinical practice of Naoxintong capsule in the treatment of AIS. METHODS: We will search both English and Chinese databases, including Scopus, EMBASE, PubMed, Cochrane library, Google Scholar, Web of Science, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, for randomized controlled trials which focus on Naoxintong capsule treating AIS. The retrieving time was from inception to August 2021. According to eligibility criteria, 2 researchers will independently screen information and assess the quality of selected articles. The RevMan 5.3 (Copenhagen, The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration) software will be used for meta-analysis. RESULTS: The clinical efficacy and safety of Naoxintong capsule in the treatment of AIS will be systematically evaluated or descriptive analyzed. CONCLUSION: The study will provide rigorous evidence to identify whether the application of Naoxintong capsule for treating AIS appeared to be adequate reliability regarding on the efficacy and safety. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202180052.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Aguda , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
12.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(4)2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396438

RESUMO

Following the publication of this paper, it was drawn to the Editors' attention by a concerned reader that the Transwell cell migration assay data shown in Fig. 4C were strikingly similar to data appearing in different form in other articles by different authors. Owing to the fact that the contentious data in the above article had already been published elsewhere, or were already under consideration for publication, prior to its submission to Molecular Medicine Reports, the Editor has decided that this paper should be retracted from the Journal. The authors were asked for an explanation to account for these concerns, but the Editorial Office did not receive any reply. The Editor apologizes to the readership for any inconvenience caused. [the original article was published in Molecular Medicine Reports 13: 2267­2272, 2016; DOI: 10.3892/mmr.2016.4779].

13.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 3673-3689, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429626

RESUMO

Malignant tumors are a major cause of death, and their incidence is increasing worldwide. Although the survival rate for some cancers has improved, treatments for other malignant tumors are limited, and their mortality rate continues to increase. People with type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of malignant tumors and a higher mortality rate than those without diabetes. Metformin is a commonly used hypoglycemic drug. In recent years, a growing number of studies have indicated that metformin has antitumor effects and increases the sensitivity of malignant tumors to chemotherapy. However, the effect of metformin on different tumors is currently controversial, and the mechanism of metformin's antitumor action is not fully understood. Insights into the effect of metformin on malignant tumors and the possible mechanism may contribute to the development of antitumor drugs.

14.
Infect Dis Ther ; 10(3): 1733-1745, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244957

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the utility of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) for the diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP) in non-human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study. A total of 60 non-human immunodeficiency virus-infected PJP patients and 134 patients diagnosed with non-PJP pneumonia were included. P. jirovecii and other co-pathogens identified by mNGS in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and/or blood samples were analyzed. Using clinical composite diagnosis as the reference standard, we compared the diagnostic performance of mNGS in PJP with conventional methods, including Gomori methenamine silver staining and serum (1,3)-ß-D-glucan. Modifications of antimicrobial treatment for PJP patients after the report of mNGS results were also reviewed. RESULTS: mNGS reached a sensitivity of 100% in diagnosing PJP, which was remarkably higher than Gomori methenamine silver staining (25.0%) and serum (1,3)-ß-D-glucan (67.4%). The specificity of mNGS (96.3%) significantly surpassed serum (1,3)-ß-D-glucan (81.4%). Simultaneous mNGS of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and blood samples was performed in 21 out of 60 PJP patients, and it showed a concordance rate of 100% in detecting P. jirovecii. Besides, mNGS showed good performance in identifying co-pathogens of PJP patients, among which cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus were most commonly seen. Initial antimicrobial treatment was modified in 71.7% of PJP patients after the report of mNGS results. CONCLUSION: mNGS is a useful diagnostic tool with good performance for the diagnosis of PJP and the detection of co-pathogens. mNGS of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and/or blood samples is suggested in patients with presumptive diagnosis of PJP. Blood samples may be a good alternative to bronchoalveolar lavage fluid for mNGS when bronchoscopic examination is not feasible.

15.
Neuroscience ; 470: 23-36, 2021 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273414

RESUMO

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) can cause acute neuronal injury and chronic neurocognitive deficits; biomarkers reflecting its associated neuronal injury are of potential prognostic value. Sortilin, a member of the vacuolar protein sorting 10p (Vps10p) family, is enriched in neurons and is likely involved in neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we explored sortilin in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) as a potential biomarker for early neuronal injury after SAH. Sortilin levels in the CSF of SAH patients (n = 11) and controls (n = 6) were analyzed by immunoblot. SAH rats surviving 3-72 h (h) were evaluated neurologically, with their brain and CSF samples examined histologically and biochemically. Sortilin protein ~100 kDa was detected in the CSF from SAH patients only, with its levels correlated to Hunt-Hess scale. Rats in the SAH groups showed poorer Garcia score and beam balancing capability than sham controls. Sortilin ~100 kDa was detectable in the CSF of the SAH, but not sham, animals. Levels of sortilin ~100 kDa and fragments ~40 kDa in cortical lysates were elevated in the SAH relative to control rats. Levels of cortical glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were also elevated in the SAH rats. In immunohistochemistry, the pattern of sortilin labeling in the brain was largely comparable between the SAH and control rats, whereas an increased astrocytic GFAP immunolabeling was evident in the former. Together, these results suggest that SAH can cause an early and remarkable rise of sortilin products in CSF, likely reflecting neuronal change. Sortilin could be further explored as a potential biomarker in some brain disorders.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida , Humanos , Ratos
16.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4573, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321473

RESUMO

The mechanism of the enhanced superconductivity in monolayer FeSe/SrTiO3 has been enthusiastically studied and debated over the past decade. One specific observation has been taken to be of central importance: the replica bands in the photoemission spectrum. Although suggestive of electron-phonon interaction in the material, the essence of these spectroscopic features remains highly controversial. In this work, we conduct angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements on monolayer FeSe/SrTiO3 using linearly polarized photons. This configuration enables unambiguous characterization of the valence electronic structure with a suppression of the spectral background. We consistently observe high-order replica bands derived from various Fe 3d bands, similar to those observed on bare SrTiO3. The intensity of the replica bands is unexpectedly high and different between dxy and dyz bands. Our results provide new insights on the electronic structure of this high-temperature superconductor and the physical origin of the photoemission replica bands.

17.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 2717-2725, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34163199

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy of the hospital glycemic management system with information integration in patients with malignant tumors and hyperglycemia. Methods: Three hundred ninety-three patients diagnosed with malignant tumors with hyperglycemia and hospitalized in the non-endocrinology department of a specialized cancer hospital from March 2019 to November 2020 were recruited. All the patients were diagnosed and treated according to the clinical department and disease course. In total, 196 patients were divided into the control group, who received the conventional blood glucose management mode, and 197 patients were divided into the intervention group, who received the hospital glycemic management system with information integration. The average daily glucose levels were recorded before and after breakfast, lunch, and dinner, at bedtime and at night. The average glucose level, glucose compliance rate, hypoglycemia rate, hyperglycemia rate, glucose measurements per day, average number of hospitalization days and patient satisfaction were compared between the groups. Results: In the intervention group, the average glucose level was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). The hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia rates in the intervention group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The glucose compliance rate in the intervention group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The highest blood glucose level in the intervention group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05), and the lowest blood glucose level was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The glucose measurements per day in the intervention group were higher than those in the control group, and the average number of hospitalization days in the intervention group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). Patient satisfaction in the intervention group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The hospital glycemic management system with information integration significantly improved the glycemic management of patients with malignant non-endocrine tumors and hyperglycemia, including their glucose level and glucose compliance rate, as well as patient satisfaction, and reduced the average number of hospitalization days and risk of hyperglycemia/hypoglycemia.

18.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(5): 5512-5518, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34150151

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To apply continuing care to elderly patients with hip fracture undergoing surgery, and to explore its impact on life quality and long-term functional recovery. METHODS: This prospective study was performed in 136 elderly hip fracture patients, who were admitted to the department of orthopedics of our hospital for surgical treatment. According to the random number table, these patients were assigned to the control group and the experimental group (68 patients in each group). Patients in the control group received routine care and guidance for discharge, while those in the experimental group received routine care and continuing care for discharge. The hip joint function (Harris hip score), quality of life (MOS 36-item short form health survey score), compliance to functional exercise, anxiety (self-rating anxiety scale score), depression (self-rating depression scale score), postoperative complications (infection, joint stiffness, and deep vein thrombosis), and satisfaction in care after discharge were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the compliance to functional exercise (rates of compliance to exercise time, exercise action, and exercise site), Harris hip score at 3 months after discharge, MOS 36-item short form health survey scores in physical functioning, general health, social functioning, role-emotional, and mental health, and satisfaction in care outside the hospital in the experimental group were all increased (p<0.05). Meanwhile, self-rating anxiety scale score, self-rating depression scale score, and the incidence of complications like lung infection, joint stiffness, and deep vein thrombosis in the experimental group were lower than those in the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The effect of continuous care on life quality and long-term functional recovery of elderly patients with hip fractures is significant. Significant reduction of anxiety, depression, and complications is beneficial to improve satisfaction of care.

19.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(5): 5623-5628, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34150167

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of continuous nursing (CN) based on WeChat platform on the functional recovery and quality of life (QOL) in elderly patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: A prospective study was performed on selected 124 patients undergoing THA in Orthopedics and Traumatology Department. According to the random number method, the patients were divided into control group (CN, n=62) and observation group (CN based on WeChat platform, n=62). Hip joint function before and after intervention, postoperative complications and QOL were observed. RESULTS: Harris hip scores and QOL scores 3 and 6 months after intervention were higher in both groups than those before intervention, and the improvement was better in the observation group (all P<0.05). The excellent-effective rate of hip joint function improvement 6 months after intervention in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The incidence of complications and readmission rate in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (both P<0.05). CONCLUSION: CN based on WeChat platform can improve the hip joint function, reduce complications and postoperative readmission rate, and ameliorate QOL of patients after THA.

20.
Int J Med Robot ; 17(4): e2260, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837608

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the difference of two various robotic technology applied in R- Total mesorectal excision (TME). METHODS: From May 2017 to December 2018, consecutive patients with rectal cancer who underwent da Vinci R-TME or Micro Hand S R-TME were enrolled. The comparative study was conducted on Short-term Operative, Oncological, and Functional Outcomes between two type of R-TME. RESULTS: 47 patients underwent da Vinci R-TME, and 43 patients underwent Micro Hand S R-TME. No difference occured between two groups in TME completeness, CRM, DRM, CRM involvement and DRM involvement, operative time, blood loss, protective ileostomy, conversion rate, number of retrieved lymph nodes, Comprehensive Complication Index (CCI), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) or Wexner scores. However, the setup time in the Micro Hand S group was longer. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, both da Vinci R-TME and Micro Hand S R-TME achieve excellent TME quality with acceptable morbidity and postoperative function.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Robótica , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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