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1.
Bioact Mater ; 22: 1-17, 2023 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36203961

RESUMO

The electrical microenvironment plays an important role in bone repair. However, the underlying mechanism by which electrical stimulation (ES) promotes bone regeneration remains unclear, limiting the design of bone microenvironment-specific electroactive materials. Herein, by simple co-incubation in aqueous suspensions at physiological temperatures, biocompatible regenerated silk fibroin (RSF) is found to assemble into nanofibrils with a ß-sheet structure on MXene nanosheets, which has been reported to inhibit the restacking and oxidation of MXene. An electroactive hydrogel based on RSF and bioencapsulated MXene is thus prepared to promote efficient bone regeneration. This MXene/RSF hydrogel also acts as a piezoresistive pressure transducer, which can potentially be utilized to monitor the electrophysiological microenvironment. RNA sequencing is performed to explore the underlying mechanisms, which can activate Ca2+/CALM signaling in favor of the direct osteogenesis process. ES is found to facilitate indirect osteogenesis by promoting the polarization of M2 macrophages, as well as stimulating the neogenesis and migration of endotheliocytes. Consistent improvements in bone regeneration and angiogenesis are observed with MXene/RSF hydrogels under ES in vivo. Collectively, the MXene/RSF hydrogel provides a distinctive and promising strategy for promoting direct osteogenesis, regulating immune microenvironment and neovascularization under ES, leading to re-establish electrical microenvironment for bone regeneration.

2.
J Intensive Care Med ; 38(1): 42-50, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35611506

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dysglycemia is associated with poor outcomes in critically ill patients,which is uncertain in patients with diabetes regarding to the situation of glucose control before hospitalization. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of the difference between the level of blood glucose during ICU stay and before admission to ICU upon the outcomes of critically ill patients with diabetes. METHOD: Patients with diabetes expected to stay for more than 24hs were enrolled, HbA1c was converted to A1C-derived average glucose (ADAG) by the equation: ADAG = [ (HbA1c * 28.7) - 46.7 ] * 18-1, blood glucose were measured four times a day during the first 7 days after admission, the mean glucose level(MGL) and SOFA (within 3, 5, and 7days) were calculated for each person, GAPadm and GAPmean was calculated as admission blood glucose and MGL minus ADAG, the incidence of moderate hypoglycemia(MH), severe hypoglycemia (SH), total dosage of glucocorticoids and average daily dosage of insulin, duration of renal replacement therapy(RRT), ventilator-free hours, and non-ICU days were also collected. Patients were divided into survival group and nonsurvival group according to survival or not at 28-day, the relationship between GAP and mortality were analyzed. RESULTS: 431 patients were divided into survival group and nonsurvival group. The two groups had a comparable level of HbA1c, the nonsurvivors had greater APACHE II, SOFA, GAPadm, GAPmean-3, GAPmean-5, GAPmean-7 and higher MH and SH incidences. Less duration of ventilator-free, non-ICU stay and longer duration of RRT were recorded in the nonsurvival group. GAPmean-5 had the greatest predictive power with an AUC of 0.807(95%CI: 0.762-0.851), the cut-off value was 3.6 mmol/L (sensitivity 77.7% and specificity 76.6%). The AUC was increased to 0.852(95%CI: 0.814-0.889) incorporated with SOFA5 (NRI = 11.34%). CONCLUSION: Glycemic GAP between the MGL within 5 days and ADAG was independently associated with 28-day mortality of critically ill patients with diabetes. The predictive power was optimized with addition of SOFA5.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hipoglicemia , Humanos , Glicemia , Estado Terminal , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Glucose , Estudos Retrospectivos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
3.
Food Chem ; 403: 134431, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36358093

RESUMO

Traditional fermentation of dry mutton sausages (DMSs) commonly causes some quality problems. In this study, high-throughput sequencing (HTS) and metabolomics were used to study the microorganisms and metabolites of DMSs produced by mixed strains of Pediococcus acidilactici and Rhizopus Oryzae, to discover the effect of inoculated fermentation (IF) on the metabolites of DMSs. A total of 92 volatile metabolites and 58 non-volatile significantly different metabolites were identified in DMSs. After inoculated fermentation, the volatile types increased, and the total contents of aldehydes and esters were enhanced at the end of fermentation. In addition, the levels of amino acids, fatty acids, palmitoyl carnitine, acetyl-l-carnitine, and betaine were also improved. The correlation analysis showed that the P. acidilactici and R. Oryzae were highly correlated with a variety of metabolites. Together, these findings provide excellent strain resources for improving the quality of mutton sausages.


Assuntos
Produtos da Carne , Microbiota , Pediococcus acidilactici , Rhizopus oryzae , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Produtos da Carne/análise , Fermentação , Pediococcus/genética
4.
Nanoscale ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318052

RESUMO

Dimer optical antennas (OAs) enable great fluorescence enhancement and excitation volume reduction and hence potentially can be a very useful tool for single-molecule detection. The realization of broadband fluorescence enhancement with a dimer OA remains an essential step for its usage in multi-color single-molecule fluorescence (SMF) detection. Although silver dimer OAs have been shown to be able to yield broadband fluorescence enhancement over the visible spectrum, they are amenable to oxidization, hard to functionalize, and could cause cytotoxicity. To overcome these limitations, in this work, we took advantage of nano-sized silver due to its optical properties and gold due to its chemical properties and developed an ameliorated Ag@Au dimer OA in terms of its overall performance. The Ag@Au nanoparticle in the dimer OA contains a 70 nm silver core and an ultra-thin (∼1-5 nm) gold shell which play a key role in its optical responses. Furthermore, we employed three typical dyes, i.e., FAM, TAMRA and Cy5, representing the blue, yellow and red ranges, respectively, and characterized their single-molecule fluorescence enhancements in the presence of Au or Ag@Au OAs. Our results indicate that, in contrast to its Au counterpart, the Ag@Au dimer OA prepared here can greatly improve its optical response in the blue range and eventually achieve broadband fluorescence enhancement throughout almost the whole visible spectral range. Meanwhile, it also maintains good chemical stability and accessibility to functionalization. Such Ag@Au dimer OAs are thus expected to have many important applications in the future, including single-molecule sequencing and multi-color biosensing.

5.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 1018069, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36325526

RESUMO

Background: When the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) erupted in Yangzhou, China, at the end of July 2021, medical workers in Yangzhou immediately joined the frontline for the fight against the pandemic. This study aimed to identify the mental health and fatigue experienced by the medical workers in Yangzhou during the COVID-19 outbreak. Methods: We included 233 medical workers who participated in the front-line work for more than 1 month through the questionnaire, including doctors, nurses, medical technicians and medical students. The generalized anxiety disorder-7 (GAD-7), patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and Fatigue self-assessment scale (FSAS) were administered to the participants and their responses were evaluated. Results: A total of 233 eligible questionnaires were received. Among them, 130 people (57.08%) were probably anxious and 141 (60.52%) people were clinically depressed. Poor sleep was considered an independent risk factor for anxiety (OR = 7.164, 95% CI: 3.365 15.251, p = 0.000) and depression (OR = 6.899, 95% CI: 3.392 14.030, p = 0.000). A high PHQ-9 score was considered an independent risk factor for general fatigue (OR = 1.697, 95% CI: 1.481 1.944, p = 0.000). Mental fatigue (OR = 1.092, 95% CI: 1.027 1.161, p = 0.005) and fatigue response to sleep/rest (OR = 1.043, 95% CI: 1.011 1.076 p = 0.008) were considered independent risk factors for general fatigue. Conclusion: Poor quality of sleep led to probable anxiety, depression, and general fatigue. Mental fatigue and fatigue response to sleep/rest were independent risk factors for depression, which merits attention for battling COVID-19.

6.
Soft Robot ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318821

RESUMO

Soft robot hands have the advantage of remarkable adaptability for grasping. Especially for the soft and fragile objects, soft fingers had presented their much excellent potential compared with their rigid counterparts. However, less degree of freedom, lower force output, lack of proprioception, and poor controllability still limit the application. Inspired by the anatomical structure of the human hand and following the idea of combining soft joints, rigid skeletons and embedded soft curvature sensors, modular dexterous hands composed of multijoint fingers are proposed in this study. Each finger has three quasi-joints, in which metacarpophalangeal soft-joint can realize adduction/abduction and bending motions, and distal two interphalangeal soft-joints are actuated by one actuator. Similar to human hand, soft-joint so-called quasi-joint has a short length of constant curvature segment. The integrated Indium Gallium Alloy sensors with Kelvin Bridge for proprioception can accurately detect joint angles, while closed-loop control based on proprioception was accomplished. Kinematics and statics modeling method of the rigid-soft finger is proposed. To further verify the performance of this design, prototypes of three-fingered and five-fingered hands are developed. The multifingered hands had demonstrated their capability of adaptive grasp and dexterous manipulation, while the force output of the three-fingered hand is up to 31.82 N, and 32 grasp types had accomplished by the five-fingered hand.

7.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 999386, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330084

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the intervention effect of curcumin in myocardial infarction rodent models. Methods: A systematic retrieval of relevant studies on curcumin intervention in rats or mice myocardial infarction models was conducted, and the data were extracted. The outcome indicators included biochemical blood indicators, such as creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), malondialdehyde (MDA), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), as well as cardiac tissue structure indicators, such as left ventricular weight to body weight ratio (LVW/BW), apoptosis index, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension (LVEDD), left ventricular end-systolic diameter (LVESD), and myocardial infarction area, and hemodynamic indexes, such as systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS), maximum rate of left ventricular pressure rise (+dp/dtmax), and maximum rate of left ventricular pressure decline (-dp/dtmax). These results were then analyzed by meta-analysis. Studies were evaluated for methodological quality using the syrcle's bias risk tool. Results: A total of 24 studies were included in the meta-analysis. The quality assessment of included studies revealed that the evidence was low quality and none of studies was judged as having a low risk of bias across all domains. The results revealed that curcumin could reduce CK-MB, CK, LDH, and MDA levels. They also revealed that it could lower SBP, DBP, LVEDP, LVW/BW, apoptosis index, LVEDD, LVESD, and myocardial infarction area and increase LVEF, LVFS, +dp/dtmax, and-dp/dtmax. However, it had no significant impact on the heart rate and the levels of SOD in the models. Conclusion: Curcumin alleviates myocardial injury and oxidative stress in myocardial infarction rodent models in terms of blood biochemistry indicators, improves the diastolic and systolic capacity of the ventricle in terms of hemodynamic indexes, and reduces the necrosis and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes in terms of tissue structure. The methodological quality of the studies was low and additional research is warranted.

8.
Chem Biol Interact ; 368: 110248, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343684

RESUMO

UGT1A1 is the main enzyme that catalyzes the metabolic elimination and detoxification of SN-38, the active form of the drug irinotecan. Milk thistle products have been used widely to protect the liver from injury associated with the use of chemotherapeutic agents. To evaluate whether SN-38 metabolism can be affected by milk thistle products, the inhibitory effects of silybins on UGT1A1*1 and UGT1A1*6 were evaluated in the present investigation. Both silybin A and silybin B potently inhibited SN-38 glucuronidation catalyzed by UGT1A1*1 or UGT1A1*6. It was noteworthy that silybin A and silybin B showed synergistic effect in UGT1A1*1 microsomes at concentration around IC50, while additive effect in UGT1A1*6. According to the predicted AUCi/AUC ratios (the ratio of the area under the plasma concentration-time curve of SN-38 in the presence and absence of silybins), the coadministration of irinotecan and several milk thistle products, including silybin-phosphatidylcholine complex, two Legalon capsules, four Silymarin tablets or four Liverman capsules, may lead to clinically significant herb-drug interactions (HDI) via UGT1A1 inhibition. Meanwhile, Rgut values were much higher than 11 in all the groups, indicating potential HDI due to intestinal UGT1A1 inhibition.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367192

RESUMO

In this study, our aim was to evaluate the discordance of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression between 2 paired paraffin blocks from surgical nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) specimens, thus providing recommendations for choosing paraffin blocks for PD-L1 immunohistochemistry detection. A total of 460 paired paraffin blocks of surgical NSCLC specimens were analyzed using the 22C3-PD-L1 assay. PD-L1 expression between 2 paired paraffin blocks was calculated using 3 classification schemes, tumor proportion score (TPS)-based 3-level classification and TPS-based binary classification using TPS ≥1% or TPS ≥50% as the cutoff. Clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed for cases with discordant PD-L1 expression. PD-L1 expression in 2 paired paraffin blocks of surgical NSCLC specimens was highly correlated from a single tumor (R2=0.89) in the overall trend. The overall discordance rates were 10.9%, 7.4%, and 3.5% respectively when using TPS-based 3-level classification or binary classification. No statistical differences were observed in PD-L1 expression discordance rates when patients were stratified by age, sex, smoking status, histologic types, TNM stage, or years of paraffin blocks (P>0.05). The presence of a solid histologic pattern was associated with a higher PD-L1 expression discordance rate in adenocarcinomas (P<0.05). Twenty-five cases with discordant PD-L1 expression were divided into 2 categories: spatial heterogeneity without recognizable morphology difference (76%) and spatial heterogeneity with significantly different morphology (24%). The discordance rate in TPS scores was much higher in cases with different morphology than those without different morphology. One representative paraffin block containing adequate neoplastic tissue may be adequate to determine PD-L1 expression in most of the surgical specimens of NSCLC. In cases that harbored different morphology in different paraffin blocks, the dual-block immunohistochemistry assessment method is recommended due to the intratumoral heterogeneity.

10.
Chempluschem ; 87(11): e202200221, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36328775

RESUMO

Observing a Goos-Hänchen (GH) shift of the incident light beam provides a simple and convenient method of detecting fast phase variations without the need for cumbersome direct phase measurements. Here, we show that few-monolayers-thick van der Waals structures (WS2 , MoSe2 and graphene) nano-engineered onto a plasmonic surface can enhance the phase variation sensitivity to analyte presence, leading to more than 3 orders of magnitude increase in the Goos-Hänchen shift (ca. 886 mm/RIU for a WS2 /graphene/Au multilayer). The detection limit is evaluated to be as low as 0.1 aM (6.7 pg/mL) for bovine serum albumin protein with molecular weight of 67 kDa and 1 fM (24.4 ng/mL) for biotin (244 Da) molecules.


Assuntos
Grafite
11.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 21(1): 232, 2022 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiovascular and renal benefits of finerenone, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) and glucagonlike peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA) in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) with network meta-analysis. METHODS: Systematic literature searches were conducted of PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Medline and Embase covering January 1, 2000 to December 30, 2021. Randomized control trials (RCTs) comparing finerenone, SGLT-2i and GLP-1 RA in diabetics with CKD were selected. We performed a network meta-analysis to compare the two drugs and finerenone indirectly. Results were reported as risk ratio (RR) with corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: 18 RCTs involving 51,496 patients were included. Finerenone reduced the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), renal outcome and hospitalization for heart failure (HHF) (RR [95% CI]; 0.88 [0.80-0.97], 0.86 [0.79-0.93], 0.79 [0.67,0.92], respectively). SGLT-2i were associated with reduced risks of MACE (RR [95% CI]; 0.84 [0.78-0.90]), renal outcome (RR [95% CI]; 0.67 [0.60-0.74], HHF (RR [95% CI]; 0.60 [0.53-0.68]), all-cause death (ACD) (RR [95% CI]; 0.89 [0.81-0.91]) and cardiovascular death (CVD) (RR [95% CI]; 0.86 [0.77-0.96]) compared to placebo. GLP-1 RA were associated with a lower risk of MACE (RR [95% CI]; 0.86 [0.78-0.94]). SGLT2i had significant effect in comparison to finerenone (finerenone vs SGLT2i: RR [95% CI]; 1.29 [1.13-1.47], 1.31 [1.07-1.61], respectively) and GLP-1 RA (GLP-1 RA vs SGLT2i: RR [95% CI]; 1.36 [1.16-1.59], 1.49 [1.18-1.89], respectively) in renal outcome and HHF. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with T2DM and CKD, SGLT2i, GLP-1 RA and finerenone were comparable in MACE, ACD and CVD. SGLT2i significantly decreased the risk of renal events and HHF compared with finerenone and GLP-1 RA. Among GLP-1 RA, GLP-1 analogues showed significant effect in reducing cardiovascular events compared with exendin-4 analogues.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose , Humanos , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/efeitos adversos , Receptor do Peptídeo Semelhante ao Glucagon 1/agonistas , Metanálise em Rede , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Hipoglicemiantes/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/uso terapêutico
12.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364265

RESUMO

Rational design and constructing earth-abundant electrocatalysts for efficient electrocatalytic water splitting is a crucial challenge. Herein, we report a simple and efficient one-step electrochemical synthetic route of the NiFe2O4@FeOOH composite electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction. The unique morphology of the NiFe2O4 nanoflowers loaded on FeOOH nanosheets allows more active sites to be exposed and promote charge transfer as well as gas release, and the resulting electrode enables a current density of 10 mA cm-2 at a low overpotential of 255 mV with outstanding stability at a current density of 100 mA cm-2 for 300 h.

13.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 21(1): 238, 2022 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported that there was right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction in patients with hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on RV systolic dysfunction and interventricular interactions using cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) in patients with essential hypertension. METHODS AND METHODS: Eighty-five hypertensive patients without T2DM [HTN(T2DM -)], 58 patients with T2DM [HTN(T2DM +)] and 49 normal controls were included in this study. The biventricular global radial, circumferential and longitudinal peak strains (GRS, GCS, GLS, respectively) and RV regional strains at the basal-, mid- and apical-cavity, were calculated with CMR-FT and compared among controls and different patient groups. Backward stepwise multivariable linear regression analyses were used to determine the effects of T2DM and left ventricular (LV) strains on RV strains. RESULTS: The biventricular GLS and RV apical longitudinal strain deteriorated significantly from controls, through HTN(T2DM-), to HTN(T2DM +) groups. RV middle longitudinal strain in patient groups were significantly reduced, and LV GRS and GCS and RV basal longitudinal strain were decreased in HTN(T2DM +) but preserved in HTN(T2DM-) group. Multivariable regression analyses adjusted for covariates demonstrated that T2DM was independently associated with LV strains (LV GRS: ß = - 4.278, p = 0.004, model R2 = 0.285; GCS: ß = 1.498, p = 0.006, model R2 = 0.363; GLS: ß = 1.133, p = 0.007, model R2 = 0.372) and RV GLS (ß = 1.454, p = 0.003, model R2 = 0.142) in hypertension. When T2DM and LV GLS were included in the multiple regression analysis, both T2DM and LV GLS (ß = 0.977 and 0.362, p = 0.039 and < 0.001, model R2 = 0.224) were independently associated with RV GLS. CONCLUSIONS: T2DM exacerbates RV systolic dysfunction in patients with hypertension, which may be associated with superimposed LV dysfunction by coexisting T2DM and suggests adverse interventricular interactions.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hipertensão , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Disfunção Ventricular Direita , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Essencial/complicações , Hipertensão Essencial/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36352280

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postpartum mood disorders are associated with adverse outcomes for newborns and mothers and may require urgent evaluation. The emergency department is often a healthcare entry point, but factors associated with these emergency department visits are unknown. METHODS: A longitudinal retrospective analysis using the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample to assess national estimates of emergency department visits by women ages 15-49 with primary diagnosis of a postpartum mood disorder between 2006 and 2016. Emergency department visit rates for postpartum mood disorders per 100,000 live births were calculated. RESULTS: Emergency department visits related to postpartum mood disorders remained stable from 2006 to 2016 (5153 to 5390 respectively). Two-thirds of visits were by patients younger than 30. Approximately half of visits for postpartum mood disorders were funded by Medicaid (42.4-56.7%) compared to 27.4-41.2% funded by Medicaid for all other age-matched women. Of postpartum mood disorder visits 30.3% were by women from the lowest income quartile. The highest rate of emergency department visits occurred in the youngest patients (ages 15-19: 231 visits versus ages 35-49: 105 visits). Postpartum mood disorder admissions were higher than those for age-matched women with all other diagnoses (19.8% vs. 6.5%). DISCUSSION: The high rate of women that are young and with public insurance visiting the emergency department for postpartum mood disorders demonstrates an increased risk for these disorders in these populations and an opportunity for targeted intervention by policymakers and providers. Higher admission rates for postpartum mood disorders compared to all other diagnoses reveals a chance to optimize outpatient screening and treatment.

15.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36345604

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a highly metastatic and invasive malignant tumor that originates in the nasopharynx. The DNA-binding protein WD repeat and HMG-box DNA-binding protein 1 (WDHD1) is highly expressed in a variety of tumors, but its expression and mechanism of action in NPC have not been reported to date. To investigate the involvement of WDHD1 in NPC, we first mined databases for the gene expression profile of NPC. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed on 338 cases of NPC and 112 non-NPC samples to verify the results. We report that the expression of WDHD1 is significantly elevated in NPC. ChIP-seq was used to show that integrin alpha V (ITGAV) and WDHD1 exhibit a significant binding peak in the promoter region of the ITGAV gene. The expression levels of ITGAV and WDHD1 exhibit a significant positive correlation, and IHC was performed to show that ITGAV is highly expressed in NPC. Expression of ITGAV increased after overexpression of WDHD1, suggesting that ITGAV may be a potential target gene of WDHD1. Pathway analysis showed that both genes were closely related to cell cycle, and flow cytometry was used to further confirm that decreased expression of WDHD1 significantly increased the number of apoptotic cells. In conclusion, our results suggest that expression of WDHD1 is increased in NPC and is likely to be associated with the NPC cell cycle; thus, we propose that WDHD1 may have potential as a target gene for primary screening and treatment of NPC.

16.
Front Oncol ; 12: 956190, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387221

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common tumors worldwide, and cisplatin is a standard chemotherapeutic reagent for GC treatment. However, chemoresistance is an inherent challenge which limits its application and effectiveness in clinic. This study aims to investigate the mechanism of metformin-induced cisplatin resistance in GC. Intriguingly, the upregulation of mitophagy markers, mitochondrial fission, autophagy and mitophagosome were observed in SGC-7901/DDP cells compared to those in the SGC-7901 cells. Treatment with metformin significantly increased mitochondrial fission and mitophagy in both AGS and SGC-7901 cells, resulting in decreased ATP production, which unexpectedly protected GC cells against the cytotoxicity of cisplatin. In contrast, application of Chloroquine and 3-methyladenine, two inhibitors of autophagy, significantly alleviated the protective effect of metformin on SGC-7901 and AGS cells against cytotoxicity of cisplatin. Moreover, metformin also stimulated the phosphorylation of AMPK (Thr172) and increased the expression of mitophagy markers including Parkin and PINK1 in the AMPK signaling-dependent manner. Consistently, the cell viability and cell apoptosis assay showed that metformin-induced cisplatin resistance was prevented by knockdown of AMPKα1. Taken together, all data in this study indicate that metformin induced AMPK activation and PINK1/Parkin dependent mitophagy, which may contribute to the progression of cisplatin resistance in GC.

17.
J Am Coll Health ; : 1-6, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395040

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate dietary and physical activity behavior in relation to loneliness among college students. Participants: Three-hundred forty-six incoming first-year students in Fall 2019 at a large state University in the US. Methods: Students completed online surveys in Fall 2019. Multivariable regression analyses were used to model associations of health behaviors with loneliness, adjusting for gender and body mass index (BMI). Results: Two-hundred sixty-four students were included in this analysis. Students in loneliness score ranges of 4-6 and 7-9 have higher fat diet than students in score range of 10-12 (p = .007). Sedentary (19.2%) and low active (53.8%) behaviors were more frequent in students reporting high loneliness than those reporting low loneliness (13.8%, 36.7%, respectively) (p = .006). Conclusions: In this sample of college students, loneliness was related to altered diet quality and physical inactivity. Interventions to reduce loneliness may have a positive effect on health promotion in this population.

18.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(20): 1119, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388826

RESUMO

Background: Lymphopenia at diagnosis is considered a negative prognostic factor for patients with extra-nodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), especially that of the absolute cluster of differentiation 4+ T cell count (ACD4C), which has previously been identified as an independent prognostic factor in other hematologic malignancies. However, there is limited data available regarding the prognostic value of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets in ENKTL patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic value of lymphocyte subsets, especially the ACD4C in ENKTL as a clinical biomarker. Methods: We analyzed the clinical data of 176 patients who met the inclusion criteria in Cancer Center of Integrated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University from 2000 to 2018, including baseline clinical factors and ACD4C detected by flow cytometry, and examined the correlation between the results and clinical parameters and long-term outcomes. Results: The complete response rate of the high ACD4C group was 57.6%, which was significantly higher than that of the low ACD4C group (15.1%, P<0.001). The univariate analysis results showed that at a median follow-up time of 58.2 months, patients with a high ACD4C had significantly superior progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) (P=0.034 and P=0.001, respectively). The multivariate analysis results revealed that Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) and the ACD4C were independent prognostic factors for OS [RR (95% CI): 2.288 (1.209-4.328), P=0.011 and RR (95% CI): 2.058 (1.070-3.968), P=0.031, respectively]. ECOG PS was also an independent prognostic factor for PFS [RR (95% CI): 1.858 (1.064-3.244), P=0.029], while ACD4C tended to be independently correlated with PFS (P=0.085). Conclusions: In this large cohort study, we found that the ACD4C was associated with survival outcomes in ENKTL patients. It is a potential biomarker, which may potentially be applied to clinical.

19.
Front Psychol ; 13: 976091, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389491

RESUMO

This study examines the effectiveness of the inoculation strategy in countering vaccine-related misinformation among Hong Kong college students. A three-phase between-subject experiment (n = 123) was conducted to compare the persuasive effects of inoculation messages (two-sided messages forewarning about misinformation related to COVID-19 vaccines), supportive messages (conventional health advocacy), and no message control. The results show that inoculation messages were superior to supportive messages at generating resistance to misinformation, as evidenced by more positive vaccine attitudes and stronger vaccine intention. Notably, while we expected the inoculation condition would produce more resistance than the control condition, there was little evidence in favor of this prediction. Attitudinal threat and counterarguing moderated the experimental effects; issue involvement and political trust were found to directly predict vaccine attitudes and intention. The findings suggest that future interventions focus on developing preventive mechanisms to counter misinformation and spreading inoculation over the issue is an effective strategy to generate resistance to misinformation. Interventions should be cautious about using health advocacy initiated by governments among populations with low political trust.

20.
BMJ Open ; 12(11): e064069, 2022 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is the most common mental disorder in post-stroke patients. Yet, the recommendations related to nursing in clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) have not been systematically sorted out. This study aimed to assess the methodological quality of current CPGs related to PSD and develop an algorithm using nursing process as a framework for nurses. DESIGN: A systematic assessment of CPGs. INTERVENTIONS: A systematic search for relevant CPGs published between 2017 and 2022 was conducted. Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation Ⅱ instrument was used to assess methodological quality. Recommendations related to nursing practice from high-quality CPGs were summarised and developed into an algorithm to provide reference for the standardised construction of nursing practice scheme. RESULTS: 497 records were initially identified from database searches and other sources. Finally, 12 CPGs were included, of which 6 were rated as high quality. A total of 35 recommendations from the 6 highest-scoring CPGs were summarised and used to develop an algorithm. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated deficiencies and variability in current available CPGs. Based on six high-quality CPGs, we developed an algorithm to facilitate nurses' adherence to CPGs and contribute to evidence-based nursing. In the future, more nursing specialists should participate in the formulation of the CPGs to provide nursing insights.


Assuntos
Depressão , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Depressão/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Bases de Dados Factuais , Algoritmos
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