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1.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 158, 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) is one of the most common heart valve diseases in diabetes and may increase left ventricular (LV) preload and aggravate myocardial stiffness. This study aimed to investigate the aggravation of FMR on the deterioration of LV strain in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and explore the independent indicators of LV peak strain (PS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 157 T2DM patients (59 patients with and 98 without FMR) and 52 age- and sex-matched healthy control volunteers were included and underwent cardiac magnetic resonance examination. T2DM with FMR patients were divided into T2DM patients with mild (n = 21), moderate (n = 19) and severe (n = 19) regurgitation. LV function and global strain parameters were compared among groups. Multivariate analysis was used to identify the independent indicators of LV PS. RESULTS: The T2DM with FMR had lower LV strain parameters in radial, circumferential and longitudinal direction than both the normal and the T2DM without FMR (all P < 0.05). The mild had mainly decreased peak diastolic strain rate (PDSR) compared to the normal. The moderate had decreased peak systolic strain rate (PSSR) compared to the normal and PDSR compared to the mild and the normal. The severe FMR group had decreased PDSR and PSSR compared to the mild and the normal (all P < 0.05). Multiple linear regression showed that the regurgitation degree was independent associated with radial (ß = - 0.272), circumferential (ß = - 0.412) and longitudinal (ß = - 0.347) PS; the months with diabetes was independently associated with radial (ß = - 0.299) and longitudinal (ß = - 0.347) PS in T2DM with FMR. CONCLUSION: FMR may aggravate the deterioration of LV stiffness in T2DM patients, resulting in decline of LV strain and function. The regurgitation degree and months with diabetes were independently correlated with LV global PS in T2DM with FMR.

2.
Brain Dev ; 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243963

RESUMO

Herpes simplex encephalitis is the most common cause of sporadic fatal encephalitis. More than half of patients with herpes simplex encephalitis will die and the vast majority of survivors have severe neurologic sequelae without effective antiviral therapy. Some people experience relapses such as secondary anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis despite appropriate antiviral treatment. It is rare that virus reactivation after immunotherapy of anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis after herpes simplex encephalitis. In the present study, we retrospectively review one patient who showed this rare situation.

3.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 566-569, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323032

RESUMO

Biomedical engineering (BME) (biomedical materials track) is a typical field of interdisciplinary integration. Its specialty education simultaneously undertakes the duo reformation responsibilities for the new engineering education and the new medical education due to its unique strengths in interdisciplinary nature, comprehensive scope of knowledge, and status of being on the cutting edge of technology. We made an analysis, in this paper, of the opportunities and challenges faced by BME (biomedical materials track) specialty education on the basis of the trends and frontiers of development in biomedical materials in the world. From the perspective of new requirements raised by major national strategies and industrial development for the qualifications and competence of professionals specializing in biomedical materials, thorough reflections were made on the specialized education of BME (biomedical materials track) under the background of the new engineering education and the new medical education. Furthermore, we proposed herein to reconstruct the specialized core knowledge system according to the main line of the reactions and the responses between the biomedical materials and human bodies at different levels and set up a series of courses of biomedical materials science centered on Materiobiology as the core. We also proposed to establish a diversified integrated reform model of the training system incorporating production, learning, research and application for highly competent BME (biomedical materials track) professionals. This paper attempts to contribute to the solution of the major issue of how to train the innovative talents and leaders who will pioneer a new round of diagnosis and treatment technology revolution and the development of the medical device industry.


Assuntos
Engenharia Biomédica , Universidades , Engenharia Biomédica/educação , Currículo , Humanos , Aprendizagem
4.
Eur J Neurosci ; 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34331366

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is characterized by high morbidity, high disability rate, high mortality, and high recurrence rate, which can have a grave impact on the quality of life of the patients and consequently becomes an economic burden on their families and society. With the developments in imaging technology in recent years, patients with acute cerebral infarction are predominantly more likely to be diagnosed with leukoaraiosis (LA). LA is a common degenerative disease of the nervous system, which is related to cognitive decline, depression, abnormal gait, ischemic stroke, and atherosclerosis. The etiology of LA is not clear and there is no gold standard for imaging assessment. Related studies have shown that LA has an adverse effect on the prognosis of cerebral infarction, but some experts have contrary beliefs. Hence, we undertook the present review of the literature on the mechanism and the effect of LA on the prognosis of patients with acute ischemic stroke.

5.
J Mater Chem B ; 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34282440

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is highly malignant and invasive, and current treatments are limited due to serious side effects and unsatisfactory outcomes. Here, we reported the terbium ion-doped hydroxyapatite (HATb) nanoparticle as a luminescent probe to encapsulate both the near-infrared (NIR) photothermal agent polydopamine (PDA) and anticancer doxorubicin (DOX) for imaging-guided chemo-photothermal therapy. The morphology, crystal structure, fluorescence, and composition of HATb-PDA-DOX were characterized. HATb-PDA showed a high DOX loading capacity. A theranostic nanoplatform showed pH/NIR responsive release properties and better antitumor outcomes in OSCC cells than monomodal chemotherapy or photothermal therapy, while keeping side effects at a minimum. Also, the luminescence signal was confirmed to be tracked and the increase of the red/green (R/G) ratio caused by the DOX release could be used to monitor the DOX release content. Furthermore, HATb-PDA-DOX plus NIR treatment synergistically promoted in vitro cell death through the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), cell cycle arrest, and increased cell apoptosis. Overall, this work presents an innovative strategy in designing a multifunctional nano-system for imaging-guided cancer treatment.

7.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 40, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Septic shock has a high incidence and mortality rate in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Earlier intravenous fluid resuscitation can significantly improve outcomes in septic patients but easily leads to fluid overload (FO), which is associated with poor clinical outcomes. A single point value of fluid cannot provide enough fluid information. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of fluid balance (FB) latent trajectories on clinical outcomes in septic patients. METHODS: Patients were diagnosed with septic shock during the first 48 h, and sequential fluid data for the first 3 days of ICU admission were included. A group-based trajectory model (GBTM) which is designed to identify groups of individuals following similar developmental trajectories was used to identify latent subgroups of individuals following a similar progression of FB. The primary outcomes were hospital mortality, organ dysfunction, major adverse kidney events (MAKE) and severe respiratory adverse events (SRAE). We used multivariable Cox or logistic regression analysis to assess the association between FB trajectories and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Nine hundred eighty-six patients met the inclusion criteria and were assigned to GBTM analysis, and three latent FB trajectories were detected. 64 (6.5%), 841 (85.3%), and 81 (8.2%) patients were identified to have decreased, low, and high FB, respectively. Compared with low FB, high FB was associated with increased hospital mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 1.63, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.22-2.17], organ dysfunction [odds ratio (OR) 2.18, 95% CI 1.22-3.42], MAKE (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.04-2.63) and SRAE (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.46-3.71), and decreasing FB was significantly associated with decreased MAKE (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.29-0.79) after adjustment for potential covariates. CONCLUSION: Latent subgroups of septic patients followed a similar FB progression. These latent fluid trajectories were associated with clinical outcomes. The decreasing FB trajectory was associated with a decreased risk of hospital mortality and MAKE.

8.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0252048, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264955

RESUMO

Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2) is an autosomal dominant genetic syndrome caused by mutations in the NF2 tumor suppressor gene resulting in multiple schwannomas and meningiomas. There are no FDA approved therapies for these tumors and their relentless progression results in high rates of morbidity and mortality. Through a combination of high throughput screens, preclinical in vivo modeling, and evaluation of the kinome en masse, we identified actionable drug targets and efficacious experimental therapeutics for the treatment of NF2 related schwannomas and meningiomas. These efforts identified brigatinib (ALUNBRIG®), an FDA-approved inhibitor of multiple tyrosine kinases including ALK, to be a potent inhibitor of tumor growth in established NF2 deficient xenograft meningiomas and a genetically engineered murine model of spontaneous NF2 schwannomas. Surprisingly, neither meningioma nor schwannoma cells express ALK. Instead, we demonstrate that brigatinib inhibited multiple tyrosine kinases, including EphA2, Fer and focal adhesion kinase 1 (FAK1). These data demonstrate the power of the de novo unbiased approach for drug discovery and represents a major step forward in the advancement of therapeutics for the treatment of NF2 related malignancies.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325307

RESUMO

Although parabens are useful due to their antiseptic properties, their widespread use has caused concerns regarding their potential toxicological effects. In this study, a novel magnetic solid-phase extraction combined with ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (MSPE-UHPLC-MS/MS) was developed, based on ordered magnetic mesoporous carbon (MMC), for paraben analysis. The MMC was prepared by soft-template synthesis, with a unique pore structure and a highly specific surface response, indicating potential as an excellent adsorbent. Several parameters affecting the paraben extraction efficiency were investigated and a novel method for paraben analysis in serum and urine samples using MSPE-UHPLCMS/MS was developed. The concentrations of methylparaben, ethylparaben, isopropylparaben, and propylparaben in these samples were 0.0380-4.36, 0.460-9.65, 0.0118-0.770, and 0.0363-0.641 µg/L, respectively, whereas isobutylparaben and butylparaben were not detected. Furthermore, satisfactory recoveries of 76.4-121% with relative standard deviations (n = 5) of 1.9-8.6% were obtained. Therefore, the developed MSPE-UHPLC-MS/MS method was efficient, highly sensitive, and reliable for analysing parabens in complex biological samples.

10.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(7): e498, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) is the second leading cause of cancer death among women worldwide. Epigenetic regulation of gene expression through DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation plays a pivotal role during tumorigenesis. In this study, to analyze the epigenomic landscape and identify potential biomarkers for CCs, we selected a series of samples from normal to cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CINs) to CCs and performed an integrative analysis of whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS-seq), oxidative WGBS, RNA-seq, and external histone modifications profiling data. RESULTS: In the development and progression of CC, there were genome-wide hypo-methylation and hypo-hydroxymethylation, accompanied by local hyper-methylation and hyper-hydroxymethylation. Hydroxymethylation prefers to distribute in the CpG islands and CpG shores, as displayed a trend of gradual decline from health to CIN2, while a trend of increase from CIN3 to CC. The differentially methylated and hydroxymethylated region-associated genes both enriched in Hippo and other cancer-related signaling pathways that drive cervical carcinogenesis. Furthermore, we identified eight novel differentially methylated/hydroxymethylated-associated genes (DES, MAL, MTIF2, PIP5K1A, RPS6KA6, ANGEL2, MPP, and PAPSS2) significantly correlated with the overall survival of CC. In addition, no any correlation was observed between methylation or hydroxymethylation levels and somatic copy number variations in CINs and CCs. CONCLUSION: Our current study systematically delineates the map of methylome and hydroxymethylome from CINs to CC, and some differentially methylated/hydroxymethylated-associated genes can be used as the potential epigenetic biomarkers in CC prognosis.

11.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314188

RESUMO

A copper-catalyzed intermolecular electrophilic amination of benzamides with O-benzoyl hydroxylamines was achieved with the assistance of an 8-aminoquinolyl group. With this protocol, good compatibility was observed for a variety of aryl amides and heteroaryl amides, and excellent tolerance with various functional groups was achieved. Significantly, the monoaminated product was overwhelmingly delivered under the simple reaction conditions. Preliminary mechanistic investigations suggested that a radical pathway should be excluded and C-H activation be potentially the rate-determining step.

12.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2101775, 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302445

RESUMO

The electronic structure of active sites is critically important for electrochemical reactions. Here, the authors report a facile approach to independently regulate the electronic structure of Fe in Ni0.75 Fe0.25 Se2 by P doping. The resulting electrode exhibits superior catalytic performance for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) showing a low overpotential (238 mV at 100 mA cm-2 , 185 mV at 10 mA cm-2 ) and an impressive durability in an alkaline medium. Additionally, the mass activity of 328.19 A g-1 and turnover frequency (TOF) of 0.18 s-1 at an overpotential of 500 mV are obtained for P─Ni0.75 Fe0.25 Se2 which is much higher than that of Ni0.75 Fe0.25 Se2 and RuO2 . This work presents a new strategy for the rational design of efficient electrocatalysts for OER.

13.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251012

RESUMO

The homeostasis and imbalance of glutathione (GSH), an important antioxidant in organisms, are one of the key signals that reflect the health of organisms. In this paper, a novel SERS sensing platform based on Ag film@Si that self-assembled using silver nanospheres was proposed, which was used for the highly sensitive and selective detection of GSH. With the aid of an oil/water/oil three-phase system, the nano-silver film was self-assembled and finally deposited on silicon wafers. The heterobifunctional crosslinking agent N-succinimidyl-3-(2-pyridyldithio)propionate (SPDP), which contains pyridine rings and disulfide bonds, was involved in the exchange reaction between the sulfhydryl groups and disulfide bonds. With the addition of GSH, the breakage of disulfide bonds was promoted, thereby enhancing the SERS signal of SPDP. GSH can be detected sensitively by detecting the changes in the SPDP signal. The detection limit of GSH is 10 nM, and the method is still highly stable when the external environment is serum or other more complex environments.

14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14446, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262102

RESUMO

The complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of animals can provide useful information for evolutionary and phylogenetic analyses. The mitogenome of the genus Exhippolysmata (i.e., Exhippolysmata ensirostris) was sequenced and annotated for the first time, its phylogenetic relationship with selected members from the infraorder Caridea was investigated. The 16,350 bp mitogenome contains the entire set of 37 common genes. The mitogenome composition was highly A + T biased at 64.43% with positive AT skew (0.009) and negative GC skew (- 0.199). All tRNA genes in the E. ensirostris mitogenome had a typical cloverleaf secondary structure, except for trnS1 (AGN), which appeared to lack the dihydrouridine arm. The gene order in the E. ensirostris mitogenome was rearranged compared with those of ancestral decapod taxa, the gene order of trnL2-cox2 changed to cox2-trnL2. The tandem duplication-random loss model is the most likely mechanism for the observed gene rearrangement of E. ensirostris. The ML and BI phylogenetic analyses place all Caridea species into one group with strong bootstrap support. The family Lysmatidae is most closely related to Alpheidae and Palaemonidae. These results will help to better understand the gene rearrangements and evolutionary position of E. ensirostris and lay a foundation for further phylogenetic studies of Caridea.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although concomitant nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is common in chronic hepatitis B (CHB), the impact of viral factors on NASH and the outcome of CHB patients concomitant with NASH remain unclear. We aimed to investigate the outcomes of NASH in CHB patients receiving antiviral treatment. METHODS: In the post-hoc analysis of a multicenter trial, naïve CHB patients receiving 72-week entecavir treatment were enrolled. We evaluated the biochemical, viral and histopathological response of these patients. The histopathological features of NASH were also evaluated, using paired liver biopsies at baseline and week 72. RESULTS: A total of 1000 CHB patients were finally enrolled for analysis, with 18.2% of whom fulfilling the criteria of NASH. A total of 727 patients completed entecavir antiviral treatment and received the second biopsy. Serum HBeAg loss, HBeAg seroconversion and HBV-DNA undetectable rates were similar between patients with or without NASH (P > 0.05). Among patients with NASH, the hepatic steatosis, ballooning, lobular inflammation scores and fibrosis stages all improved during follow-up (all P < 0.001), 46% (63/136) achieved NASH resolution. Patients with baseline body mass index (BMI) ≥ 23 kg/m2 (Asian criteria) [odds ratio (OR): 0.414; 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 0.190-0.899; P = 0.012) and weight gain (OR: 0.187; 95% CI: 0.050-0.693; P = 0.026) were less likely to have NASH resolution. Among patients without NASH at baseline, 22 (3.7%) developed NASH. Baseline BMI ≥ 23 kg/m2 (OR: 12.506; 95% CI: 2.813-55.606; P = 0.001) and weight gain (OR: 5.126; 95% CI: 1.674-15.694; P = 0.005) were predictors of incident NASH. CONCLUSIONS: Lower BMI and weight reduction but not virologic factors determine NASH resolution in CHB. The value of weight management in CHB patients during antiviral treatment deserves further evaluation.

16.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(3)2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278489

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD), one of the most common types of chronic neurodegenerative diseases, is pathologically characterized by the formation of amyloid ß (Aß) peptide­containing plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Among Aß peptides, Aß1­42 induces neuronal toxicity and neurodegeneration. In our previous studies, Cdk5 was found to regulate Aß1­42­induced mitochondrial fission via the phosphorylation of dynamin­related protein 1 (Drp1) at Ser579. However, whether blockage of Drp1 phosphorylation at Ser579 protects neurons against Aß1­42­induced degeneration remains to be elucidated. Thus, the aim the present study was to examine the effect of mutant Drp1­S579A on neurodegeneration and its underlying mechanism. First, the phosphorylation­defect (phospho­defect) mutant, Lenti­Drp1­S579A was constructed. Phospho­defect Drp1­S579A expression was detected in primary cultures of mouse cortical neurons infected with Lenti­Drp1­S579A using western blotting and it was found to successfully attenuate the phosphorylation of endogenous Drp1 at Ser579. In primary neuronal cultures, the neuronal processes were evaluated under microscopy. Treatment with 10 µM Aß1­42 significantly decreased dendritic density and length, spine outgrowth and synapse number. As expected, infection of neurons with Lenti­Drp1­S579A efficiently alleviated the inhibitory effect of Aß1­42 on neurite outgrowth and synapse density. In addition, infection with Lenti­Drp1­S579A abolished the cleavage of caspase­3 and apoptosis in neurons exposed to Aß1­42. Thus, the current data demonstrated that blockage of Drp1 phosphorylation at Ser579 may be an effective strategy to protect neurons against Aß1­42­induced degeneration and apoptosis. These findings underline the therapeutic potential of targeting Drp1 in the treatment of AD.

17.
Biosci Rep ; 41(7)2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and albumin (ALB) have been shown to be associated with coronary artery disease (CAD), and it has been reported that alkaline phosphatase-to-albumin ratio (AAR) is associated with the liver damage and poorer prognosis of patients with digestive system malignancy. Moreover, several previous studies showed that there was a higher incidence of malignancy in CAD patients. However, to our knowledge, the relationship between AAR and long-term adverse outcomes in CAD patients after undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been investigated. Therefore, we aim to access the relation between AAR and long-term adverse outcomes in post-PCI patients with CAD. METHODS: A total of 3378 post-PCI patients with CAD were enrolled in the retrospective Clinical Outcomes and Risk Factors of Patients with Coronary Heart Disease after PCI (CORFCHD-ZZ) study from January 2013 to December 2017. The median duration of follow-up was 37.59 ± 22.24 months. The primary end point was long-term mortality including all-cause mortality (ACM) and cardiac mortality (CM). The secondary end points were major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs). RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier analyses showed that an increased AAR was positively correlated with incidences of long-term ACM (log-rank, P=0.014), CM (log-rank, P=0.011), MACEs (log-rank, P=0.013) and MACCEs (log-rank, P=0.006). Multivariate Cox regression analyses showed that the elevated AAR was an independent predictor of long-term ACM (adjusted HR = 1.488 [1.031-2.149], P=0.034), CM (adjusted HR = 1.837 [1.141-2.959], P=0.012), MACEs (adjusted HR = 1.257 [1.018-1.551], P=0.033) and MACCEs (adjusted HR = 1.237 [1.029-1.486], P=0.024). CONCLUSION: An elevated AAR is a novel independent predictor of long-term adverse outcomes in CAD patients following PCI.

18.
Biosci Rep ; 41(7)2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monocyte count and serum albumin (Alb) have been proven to be involved in the process of systemic inflammation. Therefore, we investigated the prognostic value of monocyte-to-albumin ratio (MAR) in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We enrolled a total of 3561 patients in the present study from January 2013 to December 2017. They were divided into two groups according to MAR cut-off value (MAR < 0.014, n=2220; MAR ≥ 0.014, n=1119) as evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The average follow-up time was 37.59 ± 22.24 months. RESULTS: The two groups differed significantly in the incidences of all-cause mortality (ACM; P<0.001), cardiac mortality (CM; P<0.001), major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs; P=0.038), and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs; P=0.037). Multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed MAR as an independent prognostic factor for ACM and CM. The incidence of ACM increased by 56.5% (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.565; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.086-2.256; P=0.016) and that of CM increased by 76.3% (HR = 1.763; 95% CI, 1.106-2.810; P=0.017) in patients in the higher-MAR group. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis suggested that patients with higher MAR tended to have an increased accumulated risk of ACM (Log-rank P<0.001) and CM (Log-rank P<0.001). CONCLUSION: The findings of the present study suggested that MAR was a novel independent predictor of long-term mortality in patients who underwent PCI.

19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(6): 650-656, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34130790

RESUMO

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a group of rare neurogenetic degenerative diseases caused by genetic mutations and characterized by iron deposition in the central nervous system, especially in the basal ganglia, with an overall incidence rate of 2/1 000 000-3/1 000 000. Major clinical manifestations are extrapyramidal symptoms. This disease is presently classified into 14 different subtypes based on different pathogenic genes, and its pathogenesis and treatment remain unclear. This article summarizes the research advances in the pathogenesis and treatment of NBIA, so as to help pediatricians understand this disease and provide a reference for subsequent research on treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Gânglios da Base , Distúrbios do Metabolismo do Ferro , Gânglios da Base , Encéfalo , Humanos , Ferro , Distúrbios do Metabolismo do Ferro/genética , Distúrbios do Metabolismo do Ferro/terapia
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34072057

RESUMO

Industrial waste discharged by heavy pollution industry is one of the main causes of global environmental degradation. Research on the environmental efficiency of high-polluting industry is necessary to tackle the problem of global environmental pollution. Using panel data of 19 sub-industries in China's heavy pollution industry from 2001 to 2015, this article employs Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and Malmquist index (MI) to measure the environmental efficiency of heavy pollution industry from both the dynamic and static perspectives. The results show that the environmental efficiency of China's heavy pollution industry maintains an upward trend but did not reach the optimal level. The general trend shows a phased trend of increasing first and then decreasing. Besides, there are inter-industry differences in the environmental efficiency across the examined sub-industries. Based on the research findings, this article proposes a set of corresponding countermeasures to solve the global pollution problem, such as reducing energy inputs and minimizing the volumes of the main categories of emissions in high-polluting industry, as well as improving the production management in the group of high environmental efficiency and strengthening technical capabilities in the group of low environmental efficiency.


Assuntos
Eficiência , Poluição Ambiental , China , Análise de Dados , Resíduos Industriais , Metalurgia
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