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1.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(6): 4783-4791, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174021

RESUMO

Hypertrophic scars (HSs) are a progressive fibroproliferation disorder caused by abnormal tissue repair after deep skin injury, and are characterized by continuous activation of fibroblasts and excessive deposition of extracellular matrix. Arctigenin (ATG), a phytomedicine derived from certain plants, displays antifibrotic effects in certain diseases, such as oral submucous fibrosis and peritoneal fibrosis. In the present study, to determine the antifibrotic potential of ATG in HS, a bleomycin (BLM)­induced skin fibrosis murine model was established. C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into Control group, BLM group and BLM+ATG group. At 1 day post­bleomycin induction, the BLM+ATG group was intraperitoneally injected with 3 mg/kg/day ATG for 28 consecutive days. Pathological changes in the skin tissues were observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Collagen content was determined using a Sircol Collagen assay kit. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to detect the expression of TGF­ß1 and α­SMA. The expression changes of various factors were detected by reverse transcription­quantitative PCR, western blotting and ELISA. Compared with the BLM group, ATG treatment significantly alleviated skin fibrosis by reducing dermal thickness, collagen content and expression levels of extracellular matrix­related genes (collagen type I α1 chain, collagen type I α2 chain, connective tissue growth factor and plasminogen activator inhibitor­1) in BLM­induced fibrotic skin. ATG also inhibited the transformation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts in vivo and decreased the expression of TGF­ß1 in BLM­induced fibrotic skin. Furthermore, the contents of proinflammatory cytokines, including IL­1ß, IL­4, IL­6, TNF­α and monocyte chemoattractant protein­1, were significantly decreased in the BLM+ATG group compared with the BLM group. Redox imbalance and oxidative stress were also reversed by ATG in BLM­induced fibrotic skin, as demonstrated by the upregulation of antioxidants (glutathione and superoxide dismutase) and downregulation of oxidants (malondialdehyde) in the BLM+ATG group compared with the BLM group. Moreover, the results indicated that the antioxidant effect of ATG may occur via activation of the nuclear factor erythroid­2­related factor 2/heme oxygenase­1 signaling pathway. Collectively, the present study indicated that ATG could ameliorate skin fibrosis in a murine model of HS, which was partly mediated by reducing inflammation and oxidative stress. Therefore, ATG may serve as a therapeutic agent for HSs.

2.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 36(4): 379-384, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167103

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively analyze the effects of direct and indirect stimuli on the contraction of gastrocnemius in vivo and in vitro specimen by self-programming. METHODS: All specimens were divided into four groups: indirect stimuli on specimen in vivo group (n=12), direct stimuli on specimen in vivo group (n=8), indirect stimuli on specimen in vitro group (n=12), direct stimuli on specimen in vitro group (n=8). Indirect stimuli (via sciatic nerve) and direct stimuli (acupuncture needle piercing into gastrocnemius) (stimuli starting from 0 V, cycle 3 s, increment 0.02 V, 150 times) were acted on in vivo and in vitro sciatic nerve gastrocnemius muscle specimen respectively. The effects of electric intensity on the contraction of gastrocnemius were recorded by the experimental system of BL-420F. The data were processed and analyzed by the help of self-programming, to quantitatively obtain key parameters for a single contraction. RESULTS: ① For in vivo specimen, compared with direct stimuli, effects of indirect stimuli were as follows: the threshold intensity, half-intensity and maximal intensity of the specimen were smaller (P<0.05); the amplitude was larger, the contraction period was longer, and the rising slope was smaller (P<0.05). ②For in vitro specimen, compared with direct stimuli, effects of indirect stimuli were as follows: the threshold intensity, half-intensity and maximal intensity of indirect stimuli were smaller (P<0.05); the amplitude was larger, the contraction period was longer, and the rising slope was smaller (P<0.05). ③Compared with in vitro specimen, there was no significant difference among all the above parameters of in vivo specimen, with either direct or indirect stimuli (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: There is no significant difference in the features of single contraction between in vivo and in vitro specimen with either direct or indirect stimuli. However, indirect stimuli can trigger gastrocnemius to produce single contraction more easily than direct stimuli, and the amplitude is larger than that of direct stimuli.

3.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 4261485, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204695

RESUMO

The combination of Eucommia ulmoides and Tribulus terrestris (ET) has been widely utilized in clinical practice for thousands of years, but the mechanism underlying its efficacy has not been elucidated to date. This study attempted to investigate the role played by the intestinal microbiota and fecal metabolism in the response of elderly spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) to ET administration as a treatment for hypertension. Fourteen male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs, 18 months old) were randomly divided into an ET group and an SHR group, and 7 Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats of the same age were employed as the control group. The ET group was intragastrically administered 1.0 g/kg/d ET for 42 days, and SHRs and WKY rats were administered an equal amount of normal saline intragastrically. The intestinal microbiota and fecal metabolism were analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing and the GC-MS (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry)/MS assay. ET treatment decreased blood pressure steadily, improved the colonic tissue morphology, and changed the structure and composition of the imbalanced microbiota in SHRs. Specifically, ET treatment increased the abundance of Eubacterium, which might be one of the target microbes for ET, and had a negative correlation with the levels of α-tocopherol, chenodeoxycholic acid, and deoxycholic acid according to the Spearman correlation analysis. The change in the intestinal microbiota affected the fecal metabolic pattern of SHRs. Eight potential biomarkers were determined to be primarily enriched in ABC transporters, phenylalanine metabolism, central carbon metabolism in cancer, purine metabolism, and protein digestion and absorption. The correlation analysis demonstrated that the abundance of Eubacterium and the decreased levels of α-tocopherol, chenodeoxycholic acid, and deoxycholic acid in the ET group were highly correlated. Our results suggest that ET has a good antihypertensive effect, which may be driven by the intestinal microbiota and their beneficial metabolites. The results of this study may help to elucidate the antihypertensive mechanism of ET.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231083

RESUMO

Our exploration of multimodal nanoprobes aims to combine photoacoustic (PA) imaging, 19F magnetic resonance (MR), and fluorescence (FL) imaging, which offers complementary advantages such as high spatial resolution, unlimited penetration, and high sensitivity to enable more refined images for accurate tumor diagnoses. In this research, perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and indocyanine green (ICG) are encapsulated by poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) for intravital 19F MR/FL/PA tri-modal imaging-guided photothermal therapy. Then, it is coated with an A549 cancer cell membrane (AM) to fabricate versatile theranostic nanoprobes (AM-PP@ICGNPs). After systemic administration, FLI reveals time-dependent tumor homing of NPs with high sensitivity, 19F MRI provides tumor localization of NPs without background signal interference, and PAI illustrates the detailed distribution of NPs inside the tumor with high spatial resolution. What is more, AM-PP@ICGNPs accumulated in the tumor area exhibit a prominent photothermal effect (48.4 °C) under near infrared (NIR) laser irradiation and realize an enhanced antitumor response in vivo. These benefits, in combination with the excellent biocompatibility, make AM-PP@ICGNPs a potential theranostic nanoagent for accurate tumor localization and ultimately achieve superior cancer therapy.

5.
New Phytol ; 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119889

RESUMO

• Thioredoxins (TRXs) occur in plant chloroplasts as complex disulphide oxidoreductases. Although many biological processes are regulated by thioredoxins, the regulatory mechanism of chloroplast TRXs are largely unknown. • Here we report a rice white panicle2 mutant caused by a mutation in thioredoxin z gene, an ortholog of AtTRX z in Arabidopsis. white panicle2 (wp2) seedlings exhibited a high temperature sensitive albinic phenotype. • We found that plastid multiple organellar RNA editing factors (MORFs) were the regulatory targets of thioredoxin z. We showed that OsTRX z protein physically interacts with OsMORFs in a redox-dependent manner and that the redox state of a conserved cysteine in the MORF box is essential for MORF-MORF interactions. wp2 and Ostrx z knockout lines show reduced editing efficiencies in many plastidial-encoded genes especially under high temperature conditions. An Arabidopsis trx z mutant also exhibited significantly reduced chloroplast RNA editing. • Our combined results suggest that thioredoxin z regulate chloroplast RNA editing in plants by controlling the redox state of MORFs.

6.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e039166, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109663

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In recent years, due to various factors, the rate of infertility in China has increased and now affects over 10% of women of reproductive age. Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is a common diagnostic procedure during fertility examinations. However, there is no consensus on the choice of contrast agents and their effects. As the largest multicentre, randomised controlled trial (H2Oil trial from the Netherlands) has shown that oil-soluble contrast at HSG can enhance fertility compared with water-soluble contrast, we propose this study to examine whether the use of oil-soluble contrast media results in increased rates of pregnancy in Chinese women undergoing HSG. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This study is a single-centre, randomised, controlled, parallel-group, superiority trial. Patients with low risk of tubal disease will be randomised to undergo HSG using iodinated oil injection (OSCM group, oil-soluble contrast media) or ioversol injection (WSCM group, water-soluble contrast media). To evaluate the potential superiority of the OSCM group, with 1:1 allocation ratio, 90% statistical power and a two-sided significance level of 5%, we have calculated a sample of 520 women per group to be enrolled, for a total of 1040 including 10% loss to follow-up or protocol variation. The primary outcome is the rate of ongoing pregnancy during 6 months after randomisation. The secondary outcomes will consist of thyroid function of patients and newborns, pain scores during HSG, rate of live birth, clinical pregnancies, miscarriages, ectopic pregnancy, time to ongoing pregnancy, time to live birth, cost calculations of the OSCM group/WSCM group, and assisted reproductive technology treatments between the two groups. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This protocol received authorisation from the Medical Research Ethics Committee of International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital on 18 January 2020 (approval no GKLW2020-02). The findings will be reported in peer-reviewed publications and presentations at international scientific meetings. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2000031612.

7.
Life Sci ; 263: 118549, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039385

RESUMO

AIMS: Estrogen can induce inhibition of colonic smooth muscle contraction in male and female mice, which may lead to constipation; however, the mechanisms of inhibition are poorly understood. Hence, this study investigated the effect of estrogen on rat colonic smooth muscle contraction and role of small-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ 3 (SK3) and transcription factors (Sp1 and Sp3) in the underlying mechanisms. MAIN METHODS: The experiment included 24 female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats divided into 4 groups. The rats were oophorectomized surgically, and a silicone tube containing blank solvent, 0.3 mg/mL estrogen (E2), equal-concentration of estrogen and estrogen receptor antagonist (EI), and bovine serum albumin-E2 (BSA-E2) was implanted. The rats were sacrificed on day 14. The molecular insights were confirmed using real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot analyses to determine the effect of estrogenic stimulation on gene and protein expression analyses, respectively. KEY FINDINGS: The E2 group showed significantly greater SK3 expression (P < .005) compared with other groups and significantly lowers smooth muscle cell (SMC) contractility (P < .005). Estrogen stimulation and SK3 overexpression resulted in a significant decrease (P < .05) in Ca2+ mobilization in the E2 group versus the control group. Further, the E2 group showed significantly higher Sp1 mRNA (P < .05) but lower Sp3 mRNA expression (P < .05) and protein expression (P < .001) compared with other groups. SIGNIFICANCE: E2 may promote SK3 expression by its genomic effect and inhibit colonic contraction by affecting SK3 expression via an interaction between Sp1 and Sp3.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17424, 2020 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33060690

RESUMO

This study aimed to develop and validate a model for the preoperative prediction of the effectiveness of hysteroscopic resection of a uterine cesarean niche in patients with postmenstrual spotting. The predictive model was developed in a primary prospective cohort consisting of 208 patients with niche treated by hysteroscopic resection. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to develop the predictive model, which incorporated preoperative menstrual characteristics and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings. Surgical efficacy was defined as a decrease in postmenstrual spotting duration of at least 3 days at the 3-month follow-up compared with baseline. The predictive model was presented with a nomogram, and the performance was assessed with respect to its calibration, discrimination, and clinical use. Internal validation was performed using tenfold cross-validation. The predictive factors in the final model were as follows: preoperative menstrual duration, thickness of the residual myometrium (TRM), length, TRM/thickness of the adjacent myometrium ratio, angle γ, area, and presence of a lateral branch of the niche. The model showed good performance in predicting the effectiveness of hysteroscopic niche resection. Incorporating the preoperative duration of the menstrual period and MRI findings of the niche into an easy-to-use nomogram facilitates the individualized prediction of the effectiveness of a hysteroscopic niche resection by 26 Fr resectoscope, but multicenter prospective studies are needed to validate it.

9.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(4): 337-342, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089278

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Based on the Cre-Loxp gene knockout system, this study intended to construct tamoxifen-inducible STAT3 conditional knockout mice and verify the knockout efficiency. METHODS: The inducible osteoblasts-specific Stat3 knockout mice Stat3Col1ERT2 were obtained by hybridization through C57 mice of Stat3fl/fl and Col1 creERT2. Bone mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs) of these mice were isolated and cultured with or without 4-hydroxytamoxin(4-OTH), to verify the effect of Stat3 knockout in vitro by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting in the level of mRNA and protein. Meanwhile, wild type and Stat3Col1ERT2 mice were both intraperitoneally injected with tamoxifen, the expression of STAT3 in the maxillary alveolar bone was observed by immunofluorescent staining to confirm the knockout effect in vivo. Statistical analysis was conducted with SPSS 24.0 software package. RESULTS: Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting results demonstrated that mRNA(P<0.05) and protein levels of STAT3 were significantly decreased (P<0.05) in BMSCs derived from Stat3Col1ERT2 mice by 4-OHT induced knockout in vitro. Immunofluorescent staining indicated that STAT3 expression was significantly reduced(P<0.05) in osteoblasts of the maxillary alveolar bone in Stat3Col1ERT2 mice. CONCLUSIONS: This study successfully constructed the inducible osteoblasts-specific Stat3 gene knockout mice, which helped investigators control the time and space of gene knockout, therefore providing new insights and guidance for research fields of orthodontic tooth movement, distraction osteogenesis and jaw fractures in the future.


Assuntos
Camundongos Knockout , Osteoblastos , Fator de Transcrição STAT3 , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Animais , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Camundongos , RNA Mensageiro
10.
World J Clin Cases ; 8(19): 4609-4614, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The spontaneous resorption of lumbar disk herniations (LDHs) has been widely reported. However, the majority of these reports analyze the resorption of LDHs that were displaced backwards or downwards. There have been few reports on the spontaneous resorption of upwardly displaced L4/5 LDH that has caused femoral nerve symptoms. CASE SUMMARY: A 55-year-old woman presented to our hospital with acute pain in her left leg. She had been suffering from recurrent lower back pain for approximately 1 year and began to feel pain accompanied with numbness at the anterior aspect of her left leg 7 d previously. On examination, a typical L4 nerve stimulation was noted. An upwardly displaced LDH at the L4/5 level was revealed by magnetic resonance imaging. The patient attained complete relief of her symptoms after 10 wk of nonsurgical treatment and the upwardly displaced herniation almost entirely disappeared. There was no recurrence during a follow-up of 2 years. CONCLUSION: Clinicians should be aware that the nerves disturbed by LDHs vary according to the direction of the herniations and the probable resorption of upwardly displaced LDHs should be considered before making a decision on surgery.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047266

RESUMO

Achieving "Responsible Consumption and Production" is one of the 17 sustainable development goals set by the United Nations. Controlling overcapacity is an important guarantee in order to achieve this goal. There are many types and large quantities of raw materials in the construction industry, which easily leads to overcapacity. Studying the problems related to overcapacity in the construction industry helps to understand the formation mechanism of overcapacity in related industries. This puts forward targeted countermeasures and suggestions for the capacity resolution to achieve green and sustainable development. Based on this, this paper uses the construction industry capacity utilization data of the Shandong Province in China from 2005 to 2017. It also uses the production function method to construct a construction industry overcapacity calculation model to estimate the construction industry capacity utilization and overcapacity rate in Shandong Province. The DEA method was used to construct an extraction model of influencing factors for overcapacity. The results show that the capacity utilization ratio for Shandong Province from 2005 to 2016 was 81.98%. There was no overcapacity as a whole, but there were large fluctuations in capacity utilization for some time periods. Suggestions for optimization countermeasures were also proposed.

12.
J Virol Methods ; 286: 113974, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949663

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Low viral load from patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 during infection late stage easily lead to false negative nucleic acid testing results, thus having great challenges to the prevention and control of the current pandemic. In present study, we mainly aimed to evaluate specimen types and specimen collection timepoint on the positive detection of 2019 novel coronavirus from patients at infection late stage based on RT-PCR testing. METHODS: Paired nasopharyngeal swabs, nasal swabs, oropharyngeal swabs and anal swabs were collected from patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 during infection late stage before washing in the morning and afternoon on the same day. Then virus RNA was extracted and tested for 2019-nCoV identification by RT-PCR within 24 h. RESULTS: Viral load was low at late infection stage. Specimens collected before washing in the morning would increase the detection ratio of 2019-nCoV. Detection ratio of nasopharyngeal swab [65 (95 % CI: 49.51-77.87) vs 42.5(95 % CI: 28.51-57.8)] or nasal swab [57.5 (95 % CI: 42.2-71.49) vs 35 (95 % CI: 22.13-50.49)] is higher not only than oropharyngeal swab[22.5 (95 % CI: 12.32-37.5) vs 7.5 (95 % CI: 2.58-19.86)], but also anal swab[2.5 (95 % CI: 0.44-12.88) vs 5 (95 % CI: 1.38-16.5)]. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our research discovers that nasopharyngeal or nasal swab collected before washing in the morning might be more suitable for detecting of large-scale specimens from patients infected with low SARS-CoV-2 load during infection late stage. Those results could facilitate other laboratories in collecting appropriate specimens for improving detection of SARS-CoV-2 from patients during infection late stage as well as initially screening.

13.
Nat Microbiol ; 5(12): 1565-1575, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958858

RESUMO

Many pathogenic fungi depend on the development of specialized infection structures called appressoria to invade their hosts and cause disease. Impairing the function of fungal infection structures therefore provides a potential means by which diseases could be prevented. In spite of this extraordinary potential, however, relatively few anti-penetrant drugs have been developed to control fungal diseases, of either plants or animals. In the present study, we report the identification of compounds that act specifically to prevent fungal infection. We found that the organization of septin GTPases, which are essential for appressorium-mediated infection in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae, requires very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs), which act as mediators of septin organization at membrane interfaces. VLCFAs promote septin recruitment to curved plasma membranes and depletion of VLCFAs prevents septin assembly and host penetration by M. oryzae. We observed that VLCFA biosynthesis inhibitors not only prevent rice blast disease, but also show effective, broad-spectrum fungicidal activity against a wide range of fungal pathogens of maize, wheat and locusts, without affecting their respective hosts. Our findings reveal a mechanism underlying septin-mediated infection structure formation in fungi and provide a class of fungicides to control diverse diseases of plants and animals.

14.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(6): 722-732, 2020 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879131

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the status and the related factors of nursing behaviors for pressure injury, and to provide the evidence for standardizing pressure injury management. METHODS: A total of 1 039 clinical nursing staff from 4 general hospitals in Changsha from December 1 to 30, 2017 were selected by a stratified random sampling procedure. Nurses' demographic information such as age, gender, title, educational attainment, and department were collected. We investigated the status of nursing behaviors on pressure injury by a self-designed questionnaire, assessed nurses' knowledge of pressure injury and nurses' attitude of pressure injury using the Pressure Ulcer Knowledge Test and Attitude towards Pressure Ulcer Prevention Instrument, respectively, compared the nursing behaviors on pressure injury with different backgrounds, used multiple linear regression to analyze the influential factors for nursing behaviors on pressure injury, and conducted the Pearson correlation analysis for nurses' knowledge, attitude, and behaviors on the pressure injury. RESULTS: The overall nursing behaviors score on pressure injury was 155.96±17.29. The 5 dimensional scores from high to low were: risk assessment (4.42±0.49), prevention actions (4.40±0.50), risk understanding (4.35±0.52), injury assessment and interventions (4.27±0.55), and health education (4.25±0.63). A significant difference was found in the nursing behavior scores of pressure injury among ages, lengths of service, education, and training times (all P˂0.05). There was no correlation between nurses' knowledge and behaviors (P=0.606). The nurses' attitude was positively correlated with their behaviors (r=0.307, P˂0.001), and the nurses' knowledge was also positively correlated with their attitudes (r=0.212, P˂0.001). The results of multiple linear regression showed that the length of service (≤5 years), training times (1-2 times), education (diploma or below), the scores of nurses' knowledge, and the scores of nurses' attitude were independent influencial factors of nurses' behaviors on pressure injury. CONCLUSIONS: The nursing staff in the general hospital of Changsha has a high level of nursing behaviors on pressure injury, and they has good sense of responsibility and confidence. However, personal competence in pressure injury is insufficient and still needs to be improved. The nursing managers should focus on the nurses' attitude and training frequency, increasing the experience in nursing the pressure injury and practical level, and arouse the highly educated nurses' enthusiasm and sense of accomplishment to prevent pressure injury, thus reducing the incidence of pressure injury.


Assuntos
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Lesão por Pressão/epidemiologia , Lesão por Pressão/etiologia , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hospitais Gerais , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(8): e1008801, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866183

RESUMO

Rice stripe virus (RSV) is one of the most destructive viral diseases affecting rice production. However, so far, only one RSV resistance gene has been cloned, the molecular mechanisms underlying host-RSV interaction are still poorly understood. Here, we show that increasing levels or signaling of brassinosteroids (BR) and jasmonic acid (JA) can significantly enhance the resistance against RSV. On the contrary, plants impaired in BR or JA signaling are more susceptible to RSV. Moreover, the enhancement of RSV resistance conferred by BR is impaired in OsMYC2 (a key positive regulator of JA response) knockout plants, suggesting that BR-mediated RSV resistance requires active JA pathway. In addition, we found that RSV infection suppresses the endogenous BR levels to increase the accumulation of OsGSK2, a key negative regulator of BR signaling. OsGSK2 physically interacts with OsMYC2, resulting in the degradation of OsMYC2 by phosphorylation and reduces JA-mediated defense to facilitate virus infection. These findings not only reveal a novel molecular mechanism mediating the crosstalk between BR and JA in response to virus infection and deepen our understanding about the interaction of virus and plants, but also suggest new effective means of breeding RSV resistant crops using genetic engineering.


Assuntos
Brassinosteroides/metabolismo , Ciclopentanos/metabolismo , Oryza , Oxilipinas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Transdução de Sinais , Tenuivirus , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/genética , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/metabolismo , Oryza/genética , Oryza/metabolismo , Oryza/virologia , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/virologia , Tenuivirus/genética , Tenuivirus/metabolismo
16.
Curr Microbiol ; 77(11): 3685-3694, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888044

RESUMO

Clostridium tyrobutyricum is a promising microbial host for the anaerobic production of bio-based chemicals, especially butyric acid. At the same time, it also has great potential as a probiotic for the production of short-chain fatty acids in the intestines. However, due to the insufficient knowledge of the genetic characteristics of this organism, there has been little progress in its genetic engineering to date. Here, we present the complete genome sequence of C. tyrobutyricum L319, which consists of a circular chromosome and a plasmid with a G + C content of 31.69%, encompassing approximately 3.09 Mb with 3052 protein-coding genes. Functional gene annotation revealed better results than previous studies based on KEGG pathway classification. Furthermore, we obtained detailed functional characterization of 93 genes previously annotated as putative proteins. Genomic analysis revealed that this organism contains multiple genes encoding enzymes involved in the CRISPR-Cas systems, substrate utilization, isopeptide and ester bonds, transcriptional regulation, and oxidative stress. The safety evaluation at genetic level indicated that this organism does not possess transferable resistance genes, invasive defensive pathogenicity factors, or harmful enzymes. The genome sequence data analyzed in this study will be available for further research and will facilitate the further understanding and development of potential applications of C. tyrobutyricum.

17.
Plant Mol Biol ; 104(4-5): 429-450, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808190

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: OsWRKY36 represses plant height and grain size by inhibiting gibberellin signaling. Plant height and grain size are important agronomic traits affecting yield in cereals, including rice. Gibberellins (GAs) are plant hormones that promote plant growth and developmental processions such as stem elongation and grain size. WRKYs are transcription factors that regulate stress tolerance and plant development including height and grain size. However, the relationship between GA signaling and WRKY genes is still poorly understood. Here, we characterized a small grain and semi-dwarf 3 (sgsd3) mutant in rice cv. Hwayoung (WT). A T-DNA insertion in the 5'-UTR of OsWRKY36 induced overexpression of OsWRKY36 in the sgsd3 mutant, likely leading to the mutant phenotype. This was confirmed by the finding that overexpression of OsWRKY36 caused a similar small grain and semi-dwarf phenotype to the sgsd3 mutant whereas knock down and knock out caused larger grain phenotypes. The sgsd3 mutant was also hyposensitive to GA and accumulated higher mRNA and protein levels of SLR1 (a GA signaling DELLA-like inhibitor) compared with the WT. Further assays showed that OsWRKY36 enhanced SLR1 transcription by directly binding to its promoter. In addition, we found that OsWRKY36 can protect SLR1 from GA-mediated degradation. We thus identified a new GA signaling repressor OsWRKY36 that represses GA signaling through stabilizing the expression of SLR1.


Assuntos
Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oryza/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas , DNA Bacteriano , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Giberelinas/metabolismo , Mutação , Oryza/citologia , Fenótipo , Células Vegetais , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Caules de Planta/citologia , Caules de Planta/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Estabilidade Proteica , Interferência de RNA , Sementes/genética , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição/química , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21659, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846779

RESUMO

To investigate the biological behavior and clinical characteristics of perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa).Eighteen PEComa patients admitted to Zhongshan Hospital and the Central Hospital of Xuhui District in China from January 2006 to October 2018 were included. All patients were diagnosed based on pathological findings and treated with surgical resection or medication.Among the 18 patients, 1 underwent lymph node biopsy for multiple enlarged lymph nodes and 17 underwent mass resection. The median disease-free survival was 22 months after the first resection and over 12 months following a second resection. Treatment with mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors was effective for patients with unresectable or metastatic lesions. The median progression-free survival was approximately 13 months.Surgery is the predominant treatment approach for PEComa and patients can benefit from multiple operations. mTOR inhibitors are considered for patients with multiple lesions or intolerance to surgery. Anti-angiogenetic drugs can be selected when mTOR inhibitors fail to control the illness.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Células Epitelioides Perivasculares/diagnóstico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias de Células Epitelioides Perivasculares/terapia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Arch Physiol Biochem ; : 1-8, 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757960

RESUMO

The authors conducted this meta-analysis to robustly estimate relationships between polymorphisms in VDR gene and the risk of osteoporosis by integrating the results of previous works. Medline, Embase, Wanfang, VIP and CNKI were searched thoroughly for eligible studies, and 73 genetic association studies were finally included in this meta-analysis. We noticed that ApaI rs7975232, BsmI rs1544410 and TaqI rs731236 polymorphisms were significantly associated with the risk of osteoporosis in Caucasians. Moreover, BsmI rs1544410 and FokI rs10735810 polymorphisms were significantly associated with the risk of osteoporosis in Asians. In conclusion, this meta-analysis demonstrates that ApaI rs7975232, BsmI rs1544410 and TaqI rs731236 polymorphisms may influence the risk of osteoporosis in Caucasians, while BsmI rs1544410 and TaqI rs731236 polymorphisms may influence the risk of osteoporosis in Asians.

20.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 530, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the regression of symptomatic lumbar disc herniation (SLDH) has been widely reported, little data exist regarding the generalized incidence of regression (IR). We aimed to review the varying IRs and to synthesize the pooled IR of non-surgically-treated SLDH. METHODS: Four electronic databases were searched for relevant studies pertaining to the regression of SLDH after non-surgical treatment and for potential studies that may have reported morphological changes in lumbar disc herniation in the follow-up results of SLDH patients treated non-surgically. The main outcome was the regression of SLDH. A random effects model was used to determine the pooled IR of SLDH. RESULTS: We identified 13,672 articles, 38 of which were eligible for analysis. Our analysis included 2219 non-surgically treated SLDH patients, 1425 of whom presented regression. The pooled IR was 63% (95% CI 0.49-0.77). In subgroup analyses, studies that quantitatively measured the regression of SLDH yielded statistically higher pooled IRs than those that used qualitative methods. The pooled IRs gradually increased in randomized controlled trials and prospective and retrospective studies. The pooled IR varied from 62 to 66% after the sequential omission of any single study. Meta-regression showed that study types, herniation levels and regression measurements caused heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: We report an overall IR of 63% among non-surgically treated SLDH patients, thus providing clinical decision makers with quantitative evidence of IR. Based on our systematic review, we suggest a follow-up timeline with time points 4 and 10.5 months after onset when deciding whether to perform surgery for SLDH.

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