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1.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cisplatin-based chemotherapy (CBC) is highly efficacious for advanced cervical cancer; its efficacy can be enhanced by combining with 15 mg/kg (standard dose) bevacizumab (BEV). However, this standard dose is associated with various adverse events. Therefore, in this retrospective study, we analyzed the survival outcomes and adverse events in patients with advanced or recurrent cervical cancer treated with CBC in combination with BEV 7.5 mg/kg. METHODS: Registered patient data were retrieved between October 2014 and September 2019, and 64 patients with advanced or recurrent cervical cancer treated with CBC+BEV (n=21) or CBC alone (n=43) were analyzed. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS); the secondary endpoints were the frequency and severity of adverse events (AEs). The Cox proportional-hazards model was applied to explore prognostic factors associated with PFS and OS. RESULTS: The 1-, 2-, and 3-year PFS rates (95% confidence interval (CI)) were 36.24% (22.0-50.5), 20.7% (9.8-34.2), and 17.7% (7.7-31.1) for the CBC group; and 71.4% (47.1-86.0), 51.0% (27.9-70.1), and 51.0% (27.9-70.1) for the CBC+BEV group, respectively. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates were 62.6% (46.4-75.18), 32.4% (18.8-46.9), and 23.2% (11.2-37.6) for the CBC group; and 85.7% (61.9-95.1), 66.6% (42.5-82.5), and 55.5% (27.1-76.7) for the CBC+BEV group, respectively. The CBC+BEV group presented higher PFS and OS rates, p=0.003 and p=0.005, respectively. Proteinuria (6 vs. 9, p=0.025) and hypertension (0 vs. 10, p<0.001) were less common, but anemia was more common in the CBC group (35 vs. 11, p=0.021). CONCLUSION: Overall, CBC+BEV significantly improved the PFS and OS compared with CBC alone. CBC+BEV also prevents severe adverse events and hence is an efficacious and safe therapeutic option.

2.
Cureus ; 13(6): e15828, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34306891

RESUMO

This study aims to analyze the patient profile and presentation of endometriosis-related hemorrhagic ascites and review its management to raise awareness among gynecologists and improve treatment strategies. We present a case report and engage in a systematic review involving human cases of histologically proven endometriosis with hemorrhagic ascites. Keywords were searched in PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Ovid Discovery databases from inception until December 2018. Studies that did not include a description of ascites or histopathologic results confirming endometriosis or those that involved patients with other conditions that may contribute to ascites were excluded. The review yielded 73 articles describing 84 premenopausal women with histologically proven endometriosis-related hemorrhagic ascites. Of note, 83% (65/78) of the patients were nulliparous and 69.35% (43/62) were of African descent. The most common chief complaint was abdominal enlargement (58.33%, 49/84) but a host of other symptoms were also reported. Pleural effusion was reported in 32.14% (27/84), and elevated CA-125 was seen in 74.42% (32/43). The majority (64.29%, 54/84) of the patients underwent laparotomy, and an increasing trend of minimally invasive surgical approaches (p<0.001) and fertility-sparing techniques (p<0.001) was observed. The mean ascites volume was 4228.27 mL (SD: 2625.66). Moderate to severe endometriosis was seen in 97.44% (76/78) of cases. The majority of the patients who received medical treatment were given gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists (63.79%, 37/58). The rate of recurrence after termination or suppression of ovarian function was 8.33% (7/84), and there was a mortality rate of 1.19% (1/84). Diagnosis of endometriosis-related hemorrhagic ascites may be challenging because it mimics several disease entities that cause ascites, thereby warranting a heightened clinical suspicion. Minimally invasive techniques are usually employed to establish a histologic diagnosis. The prevention of recurrence involves the recognition of endometriosis-related hemorrhagic ascites as a manifestation of severe endometriosis, which should prompt therapies directed at suppressing ovarian function. Since affected women are of childbearing age, ovary-preserving surgeries are generally preferred. The rate of recurrence is low after appropriate surgical and medical interventions.

3.
Dose Response ; 19(2): 15593258211011342, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33994888

RESUMO

It has been proven a close relationship between intestinal microbiota and hypertension. Valsartan is a widely used ARB antihypertensive drug; so far, the effect of valsartan on intestinal microbiota remains largely unexplored. Herein, we evaluated the composition, structure and metabolites of intestinal microbiota of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) after valsartan administration. In the present study, valsartan administration decreased intestinal microbiota diversity, altered gut microbiota composition, leading to 192 unique OTUs deficiency (vs WKY rats) and 10 unique OTUs deficiency (vs SHRs) and did not prove impaired intestinal mucosal barriers. Valsartan decreased the production of isobutyric acid and isovaleric acid in SCFAs. Our findings revealed valsartan administration induced far-reaching and robust changes to the intestinal microbiota of SHRs and provided a better understanding of the relationship between efficacy of valsartan and gastrointestinal tract reaction.

4.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(1): 39-45, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582903

RESUMO

Infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (IAHS), a severe complication of various infections, is potentially fatal. This study aims to determine whether IAHS occurs in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We conducted a retrospective observational study on 268 critically ill patients with COVID-19 between February 1st, 2020 and February 26th, 2020. Demographics, clinical characteristics, laboratory results, information on concurrent treatments and outcomes were collected. A diagnosis of secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH) was made when the patients had an HScore greater than 169. Histopathological examinations were performed to confirm the presence of hemophagocytosis. Of 268 critically ill patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, 17 (6.3%) patients had an HScore greater than 169. All the 17 patients with sHLH died. The interval from the onset of symptom of COVID-19 to the time of a diagnosis of sHLH made was 19 days and the interval from the diagnosis of sHLH to death was 4 days. Ten (59%) patients were infected with only SARS-CoV-2. Hemophagocytosis in the spleen and the liver, as well as lymphocyte infiltration in the liver on histopathological examinations, was found in 3 sHLH autopsy patients. Mortality in sHLH patients with COVID-19 is high. And SARS-CoV-2 is a potential trigger for sHLH. Prompt recognition of IAHS in critically ill patients with COVID-19 could be beneficial for improving clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , COVID-19/mortalidade , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Humanos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
J Med Microbiol ; 70(3)2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33591245

RESUMO

Introduction. Shigella sonnei, the cause of bacillary dysentery, belongs to Gram-negative enteropathogenic bacteria. S. sonnei contains a 210 kb virulence plasmid that encodes an O-antigen gene cluster of LPSs. However, this virulence plasmid is frequently lost during replication. It is well-documented that after losing the O-antigen and becoming rough strains, the Gram-negative bacteria may express an LPS core on its surface. Previous studies have suggested that by using the LPS core, Gram-negative bacteria can interact with several C-type lectin receptors that are expressed on antigen-presenting cells (APCs).Hypothesis/Gap Statement. S. sonnei by losing the virulence plasmid may hijack APCs via the interactions of LPS-CD209/CD207.Aim. This study aimed to investigate if the S. sonnei rough strain, by losing the virulence plasmid, interacted with APCs that express C-type lectins of human CD207, human CD209a and mouse CD209b.Methodology. SDS-PAGE silver staining was used to examine the O-antigen expression of S. sonnei WT and its rough strain. Invasion assays and inhibition assays were used to examine the ability of S. sonnei WT and its rough strain to invade APCs and investigate whether CD209 and CD207 are receptors for phagocytosis of rough S. sonnei. Animal assays were used to observe the dissemination of S. sonnei.Results. S. sonnei did not express O-antigens after losing the virulence plasmid. The S. sonnei rough strain invades with APCs, including human dendritic cells (DCs) and mouse macrophages. CD209 and CD207 are receptors for phagocytosis of rough S. sonnei. Expression of the O-antigen reduces the ability of the S. sonnei rough strain to be disseminated to mesenteric lymph nodes and spleens.Conclusion. This work demonstrated that S. sonnei rough strains - by losing the virulence plasmid - invaded APCs through interactions with CD209 and CD207 receptors.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/imunologia , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/imunologia , Disenteria Bacilar/microbiologia , Lectinas Tipo C/imunologia , Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/imunologia , Antígenos O , Plasmídeos , Receptores de Superfície Celular/imunologia , Shigella sonnei/patogenicidade , Virulência/genética , Animais , Células CHO , Cricetulus , Células Dendríticas/microbiologia , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Camundongos , Antígenos O/genética , Antígenos O/metabolismo , Shigella sonnei/genética
6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 4261485, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204695

RESUMO

The combination of Eucommia ulmoides and Tribulus terrestris (ET) has been widely utilized in clinical practice for thousands of years, but the mechanism underlying its efficacy has not been elucidated to date. This study attempted to investigate the role played by the intestinal microbiota and fecal metabolism in the response of elderly spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) to ET administration as a treatment for hypertension. Fourteen male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs, 18 months old) were randomly divided into an ET group and an SHR group, and 7 Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats of the same age were employed as the control group. The ET group was intragastrically administered 1.0 g/kg/d ET for 42 days, and SHRs and WKY rats were administered an equal amount of normal saline intragastrically. The intestinal microbiota and fecal metabolism were analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing and the GC-MS (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry)/MS assay. ET treatment decreased blood pressure steadily, improved the colonic tissue morphology, and changed the structure and composition of the imbalanced microbiota in SHRs. Specifically, ET treatment increased the abundance of Eubacterium, which might be one of the target microbes for ET, and had a negative correlation with the levels of α-tocopherol, chenodeoxycholic acid, and deoxycholic acid according to the Spearman correlation analysis. The change in the intestinal microbiota affected the fecal metabolic pattern of SHRs. Eight potential biomarkers were determined to be primarily enriched in ABC transporters, phenylalanine metabolism, central carbon metabolism in cancer, purine metabolism, and protein digestion and absorption. The correlation analysis demonstrated that the abundance of Eubacterium and the decreased levels of α-tocopherol, chenodeoxycholic acid, and deoxycholic acid in the ET group were highly correlated. Our results suggest that ET has a good antihypertensive effect, which may be driven by the intestinal microbiota and their beneficial metabolites. The results of this study may help to elucidate the antihypertensive mechanism of ET.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Eucommiaceae/química , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Tribulus/química , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/química , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/análise , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Masculino , Metabolômica/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY
7.
Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther ; 9(3): 170-174, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33101921

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to report a case of deep endometriosis of the paralumbar muscles (psoas, multifidus, and erector spinae) and review existing literature on its management. A 34-year-old female with a history of endometriosis was seen for infertility. Paralumbar muscle masses seen on computed tomography (CT) scan were sampled, confirming endometriosis. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist was given for 2 months. The patient was primed for assisted reproduction. A literature review was conducted to provide an understanding of paralumbar muscle endometriosis. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of multifidus and erector spinae muscle endometriosis and fifth case of psoas muscle endometriosis. Because the available information is scarce, data from the existing literature on deep endometriosis may aid in the diagnosis and management. Magnetic resonance imaging and CT scan are essential imaging techniques to map lesions. Excision seems prudent, but the approach should be individualized depending on the patient's presentation and her preferences.

8.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 772, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32547390

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2020.00512.].

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 512, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410992

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Endothelial senescence is an important risk factor leading to atherosclerosis. The mechanism of quercetin against endothelial senescence is worth exploring. Methods: Quercetin (20 mg/kg/d) was administered to ApoE-/- mice intragastrically to evaluate the effectiveness of quercetin on atherosclerotic lesion in vivo. In vitro, human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were used to assess the effect of quercetin on cellular senescence induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). Transcriptome microarray and quantitative RT-PCR was conducted to study the pharmacological targets of quercetin. Results: ApoE-/- mice demonstrated obvious lipid deposition in arterial lumina, high level of serum sIcam-1 and IL-6, and high density of Vcam-1 and lower density of Sirt1 in aorta. Quercetin administration decreased lipid deposition in arterial lumina, serum sIcam-1, and IL-6 and Vcam-1 in aorta, while increased the density of Sirt1 in aorta of ApoE-/- mice. In vitro, quercetin (0.3, 1, or 3 µmol/L) decreased the expression of senescence-associated ß-galactosidase and improved cell morphology of HAECs. And quercetin decreased the cellular apoptosis and increased mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) in dose-dependent manner, and decreased ROS generation simultaneously. Transcriptome microarray suggested 254 differentially expressed (DE) mRNAs (110 mRNAs were upregulated and 144 mRNAs were downregulated) in HAECs after quercetin treatment (fold change > 1.5, P < 0 .05, Que vs Ox-LDL). GO and KEGG analysis indicated nitrogen metabolism, ECM-receptor interaction, complement, and coagulation cascades, p53 and mTOR signaling pathway were involved in the pharmacological mechanisms of quercetin against ox-LDL. Conclusions: Quercetin alleviated atherosclerotic lesion both in vivo and in vitro.

10.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 83(3): 288-294, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this report was to review experience from a single hospital in treating ureteral obstruction related to endometriosis with robot-assisted laparoscopic ureteral reconstruction. METHODS: This retrospective analysis study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3) was conducted at an academic tertiary hospital. Five female patients with hydronephrosis without significant elevation of serum creatinine levels were enrolled. Ureteral endometriosis with obstruction was suspected on radiological images. Previous treatment with double-J stenting with or without medical treatment had failed in all of the patients. We performed robot-assisted laparoscopic segmental resection for ureteral endometriosis and reconstructed the ureter through ureteroureterostomy (RUU) or ureteroneocystostomy (RUC). The involved ureters included left lower ureter in three patients and right lower ureter in two patients. RUU was performed in four patients and RUC in one patient. All of the operations were completed smoothly without complications. RESULTS: All ureteral endometrioses were successfully resected, and follow-up sonography or intravenous pyelography showed resolution of hydronephrosis in all of the patients. CONCLUSION: Our experience proves the feasibility and efficacy of a robot-assisted approach for this rare situation with good outcomes.


Assuntos
Endometriose/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Ureter/cirurgia , Obstrução Ureteral/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 82(12): 957-961, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31135576

RESUMO

The incidence of postlaparoscopic pleural effusion and pulmonary embolism were rare. However, it might be life-threatening. Therefore, confirming the risk factor and management is important. We present a 53-year-old woman with ovarian endometriosis arranged for laparoscopic surgery. However, desaturation was noted on postoperation day 1. Chest radiograph and chest computed tomography showed pleural effusion and pulmonary embolism. Pleural pigtail insertion was performed and anticoagulant medication, albumin, and lasix were given. The patient's recovery was uneventful. Several factors have been advanced to explain including the prolonged duration of the operation. Management options include supplemental oxygen therapy, and pigtail catheter insertion. Mechanical prophylaxis (sequential compression devices and graduated compression stockings) is sufficient for venous thromboembolism prevention.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Derrame Pleural/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Endometriose/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
13.
Infect Immun ; 87(8)2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085704

RESUMO

Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, a Gram-negative bacterium, can cause infectious diseases ranging from gastroenteritis to systemic dissemination and infection. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this bacterial dissemination have yet to be elucidated. A study indicated that using the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) core as a ligand, S Typhimurium was able to bind human dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing nonintegrin (hCD209a), an HIV receptor that promotes viral dissemination by hijacking antigen-presenting cells (APCs). In this study, we showed that S Typhimurium interacted with CD209s, leading to the invasion of APCs and potentially the dissemination to regional lymph nodes, spleen, and liver in mice. Shielding of the exposed LPS core through the expression of O-antigen reduces dissemination and infection. Thus, we propose that similar to HIV, S Typhimurium may also utilize APCs via interactions with CD209s as a way to disseminate to the lymph nodes, spleen, and liver to initiate host infection.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Lectinas Tipo C/fisiologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/fisiologia , Salmonella typhimurium/patogenicidade , Animais , Células Apresentadoras de Antígenos/microbiologia , Feminino , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/fisiologia , Mananas/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Antígenos O/fisiologia , Nódulos Linfáticos Agregados/fisiologia , Fagocitose , Células RAW 264.7
14.
Mol Biol Rep ; 46(3): 3233-3246, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945068

RESUMO

The sustained activation of Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces the remodelling of neurovascular units, inflammation and oxidative stress reactions in the brain. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a crucial regulatory role in the pathogenesis of hypertensive neuronal damage. The present study aimed to substantially extend the list of potential candidate genes involved in Ang II-related neuronal damage. This study assessed apoptosis and energy metabolism with Annexin V/PI staining and a Seahorse assay after Ang II exposure in SH-SY5Y cells. The expression of mRNA and lncRNA was investigated by transcriptome sequencing. The integrated analysis of mRNA and lncRNAs and the molecular mechanism of Ang II on neuronal injury was analysed by bioinformatics. Ang II increased the apoptosis rate and reduced the energy metabolism of SH-SY5Y cells. The data showed that 702 mRNAs and 821 lncRNAs were differentially expressed in response to Ang II exposure (244 mRNAs and 432 lncRNAs were upregulated, 458 mRNAs and 389 lncRNAs were downregulated) (fold change ≥ 1.5, P < 0.05). GO and KEGG analyses showed that both DE mRNA and DE lncRNA were enriched in the metabolism, differentiation, apoptosis and repair of nerve cells. This is the first report of the lncRNA-mRNA integrated profile of SH-SY5Y cells induced by Ang II. The novel targets revealed that the metabolism of the vitamin B group, the synthesis of unsaturated fatty acids and glycosphingolipids are involved in the Ang II-related cognitive impairment. Sphingolipid metabolism, the Hedgehog signalling pathway and vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption play important roles in nerve damage.


Assuntos
Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Hipertensão/genética , Neurônios/metabolismo , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular , Biologia Computacional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Transcriptoma/genética
16.
J Minim Invasive Gynecol ; 26(1): 135-142, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29723643

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Previous studies suggest female-to-male transgender men tend to choose less invasive procedures, but the superior route of hysterectomy for them remains undetermined. DESIGN: A retrospective study (Canadian Task Force Classification II-3). SETTING: An academic tertiary hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty-six female-to-male transsexuals received total vaginal hysterectomy (VH) with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) between April 2008 and August 2016 at Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. INTERVENTIONS: The patients underwent natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) (n = 14) or the conventional approach (n = 42). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Medical charts and surgical records were reviewed retrospectively. The general characteristics of the patients were similar in both groups. There were no statistically significant differences in operative time, estimated blood loss, intraoperative and immediate postoperative complications, or length of hospital stay between the 2 groups. However, postoperative pain was significantly reduced in the NOTES group compared with the conventional group as evidenced by lower mean scores on the visual analog scale (4.9 ± 3.0 vs 7.1 ± 1.4 at 2 hours, p = .008; 1.5 ± 1.2 vs 3.0 ± 1.7 at 48 hours, p = .001; and 1.7 ± 1.0 vs 2.7 ± 1.1 at 72 hours, p < .001) and a lower mean accumulated dose of postoperative analgesics (38.9 ± 49.2 mg vs 88.8 ± 82.3 mg meperidine hydrochloride, p = .037). Analysis of variance with repeated measures with a Greenhouse-Geisser correction also showed that the mean scores for wound pain were statistically lower in the NOTES group (p < .001). There was no significant difference in the complication rate between the NOTES and conventional groups (7% vs 12%, p = .618). There were no severe complications, including infection episodes or internal bleeding events, within the NOTES group. CONCLUSION: NOTES VH with BSO in female-to-male transgender men significantly decreases postoperative pain and analgesic use. NOTES in female-to-male sex reassignment surgery provides a novel choice for transgender men, with equivalent safety compared with VH.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Salpingo-Ooforectomia/métodos , Pessoas Transgênero , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan
17.
Infect Immun ; 87(1)2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30348825

RESUMO

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is a Gram-negative enteropathogen and causes gastrointestinal infections. It disseminates from gut to mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs), spleen, and liver of infected humans and animals. Although the molecular mechanisms for dissemination and infection are unclear, many Gram-negative enteropathogens presumably invade the small intestine via Peyer's patches to initiate dissemination. In this study, we demonstrate that Y. pseudotuberculosis utilizes its lipopolysaccharide (LPS) core to interact with CD209 receptors, leading to invasion of human dendritic cells (DCs) and murine macrophages. These Y. pseudotuberculosis-CD209 interactions result in bacterial dissemination to MLNs, spleens, and livers of both wild-type and Peyer's patch-deficient mice. The blocking of the Y. pseudotuberculosis-CD209 interactions by expression of O-antigen and with oligosaccharides reduces infectivity. Based on the well-documented studies in which HIV-CD209 interaction leads to viral dissemination, we therefore propose an infection route for Y. pseudotuberculosis where this pathogen, after penetrating the intestinal mucosal membrane, hijacks the Y. pseudotuberculosis-CD209 interaction antigen-presenting cells to reach their target destinations, MLNs, spleens, and livers.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Células Dendríticas/microbiologia , Endocitose , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/patogenicidade , Animais , Aderência Bacteriana , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ligação Proteica , Yersiniose/microbiologia , Yersiniose/patologia , Yersiniose/fisiopatologia
18.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 41(9): 1430-1439, 2018 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29984733

RESUMO

Tribulus terrestris L. (Zygophyllaceae) (TT) is usually used as a cardiotonic, diuretic, and aphrodisiac, as well as for herbal post-stroke rehabilitation in traditional Chinese medicine. However, little is known about the renoprotective effects of TT on obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG). In this study, 340 monomeric compounds were identified from TT extracts obtained with ethyl acetate combined with 50% methanol. In vitro, IC50 of TT was 912.01 mg/L, and the appropriate concentration of TT against oxidized-low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induced human renal glomerular endothelial cells (HRGECs) was 4 mg/L. TT significantly increased the viability (63.2%) and migration (2.33-fold increase) of HRGECs. ORG model rats were induced by a chronic high-fat diet (45%) for 20 weeks and were then treated with TT extract (2.8 g/kg/d) for 8 weeks. Subsequently, the kidneys were removed and their differentially expressed protein profile was identified using two-dimensional electrophoresis coupled with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF)-TOF MS. Molecular categorization and functional analysis of bioinformatic annotation suggested that excessive energy metabolism, decreased response to stress and low immunity were the potential etiologies of ORG. After TT administration for 8 weeks, body weight, blood pressure, serum cystatin C and cholesterol were decreased. Additionally, TT significantly enhanced the resistance of rats to ORG, decreased energy consumption and the hemorrhagic tendency, and improved the response to acute phase reactants and immunity. In conclusion, TT may play a protective role against ORG in rats.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/tratamento farmacológico , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Proteômica/métodos , Tribulus , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Frutas , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/metabolismo , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/patologia , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(22): e10949, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29851839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a key role in the development of endothelial dysfunction. However, few lncRNAs associated with endothelial dysfunction after atorvastatin administration have been reported. METHODS: In the present study, differentially expressed (DE) genes in ox-LDL versus control and ox-LDL + atorvastatin versus control were detected. Bioinformatics analysis and integrated analysis of mRNAs and lncRNAs were conducted to study the mechanisms of endothelial dysfunction after atorvastatin administration and to explore the regulation functions of lncRNAs. RESULTS: Here, 532 DE mRNAs and 532 DE lncRNAs were identified (among them, 195 mRNAs and 298 lncRNAs were upregulated, 337 mRNAs and 234 lncRNAs were downregulated) after ox-LDL treatment for 24 hours (fold change ≥2.0, P < .05). After ox-LDL treatment following atorvastatin administration, 750 DE mRNAs and 502 DE lncRNAs were identified (among them, 149 mRNAs and 218 lncRNAs were upregulated and 601 mRNAs and 284 lncRNAs were downregulated). After atorvastatin administration, 167 lncRNAs and 262 mRNAs were still DE. Q-PCR validated the results of microarrays. CONCLUSION: Chronic inflammatory response, nitric oxide biosynthetic process, microtubule cytoskeleton, cell proliferation and cell migration are regulated by lncRNAs, which also participated in the mainly molecular function and biological processes underlying endothelial dysfunction. Atorvastatin partly improved endothelial dysfunction, but the aspects beyond recovery were mainly concentrated in cell cycle, mitosis, and metabolism. Further exploration is required to explicit the mechanism by which lncRNAs participate in endothelial dysfunction.


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes/farmacologia , Atorvastatina/farmacologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL/farmacologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Biologia Computacional , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
20.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 57(1): 47-51, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29458902

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a maintenance levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is effective for preventing the recurrence of postoperative adenomyosis-related symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2005 through December 2014, a retrospective study including 133 patients with symptomatic adenomyosis undergoing conservative uterine-sparing surgery followed by gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment was conducted. We excluded the 18 patients who did not meet the inclusion criteria. The patients of intervention group (n = 54) received a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), which was inserted after surgery. The patients without LNG-IUS insertion were enrolled in the control group (n = 61). The primary outcome was improvement of adenomyosis-related dysmenorrhea, which was evaluated by the visual analog scale (VAS) and by hemoglobin (Hgb) and CA-125 levels. RESULTS: Over a 12-month follow-up, the intervention group exhibited a greater reduction in dysmenorrhea as assessed with a VAS score (mean ± SD: 6.5 ± 2.5 vs 4.1 ± 3.6, p = 0.001) and a greater elevation in the Hgb level (2.1 ± 1.9 vs 1.0 ± 1.7, p = 0.008) than the control group. At the end of the 24-month follow-up period, the intervention group also exhibited a greater reduction in dysmenorrhea as assessed with a VAS score (mean ± SD 6.1 ± 2.7 vs 3.7 ± 3.7, p = 0.002) and a greater elevation in the Hgb level (1.9 ± 2.1 vs 0.7 ± 1.8, p = 0.022) than the control group. The CA-125 level was significantly lower in the intervention group during the postoperative follow up (12th month follow-up, intervention vs control, 24.5 ± 28.8 vs 50.1 ± 44.0, p = 0.005; 24th month follow-up, 28.6 ± 26.2 vs 75.4 ± 68.5, p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: The maintenance therapy of LNG-IUS is effective and well accepted for long-term therapy after conservative surgery for patients with adenomyosis.


Assuntos
Adenomioma/tratamento farmacológico , Dispositivos Intrauterinos Medicados/efeitos adversos , Levanogestrel/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Uterinas/tratamento farmacológico , Adenomioma/cirurgia , Adulto , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Dismenorreia/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/efeitos adversos , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/métodos , Medição da Dor , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia
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