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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(10): 5263-5270, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821036


Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were isolated from a sediment sample collected from the South China Sea. Cells of both strains were observed to be rod-shaped, non-gliding, Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented, facultatively anaerobic, catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and showing optimum growth at 30 °C. Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T could tolerate up to 9 and 10  % (w/v) NaCl concentration and grow at pH 6.5-9.5 and 6.0-9.0, respectively. The strains shared 97.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to each other but were identified as two distinct species based on 81.1-85.8 % ANIb and 31.5 % dDDH values calculated using whole genome sequences. Strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T shared highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Salinimicrobium xinjiangense CGMCC 1.12522T (98.4 %) and Salinimicrobium sediminis CGMCC 1.12641T (98.0 %), respectively. Among species with validly published names, S. sediminis CGMCC 1.12641T shared close genetic relatedness with strains J15B81-2T [85.1-85.3% average nucleotide identity based on blastBlast+ (ANIb) and 30.6 % digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH)] and J15B91T (76.6-79.1 % ANIb and 21.5 % dDDH). The major fatty acid of strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were identified as iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0, respectively, and the major polar lipids of the two strains consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified phospholipid, one unidentified aminolipid and one unidentified lipid. The strains contained MK-6 as their predominant menaquinone. The genomic G+C contents of strains J15B81-2T and J15B91T were determined to be 41.7 and 41.8 mol %, respectively. Both strains are considered to represent two novel species of the genus Salinimicrobium and the names Salinimicrobium nanhaiense sp. nov. and Salinimicrobium oceani sp. nov. are proposed for strains J15B81-2T (=KCTC 72867T=MCCC 1H00410T) and J15B91T (=KCTC 72869T=MCCC 1H00411T), respectively.

Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(16): 1942-1950, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365430


BACKGROUND: Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) is a very common secondary kidney disease of childhood. Its pathogenesis and the treatment mechanism of glucocorticoid have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between p300 and the pathogenesis, glucocorticoid therapy in mice with HSPN, respectively. METHODS: Forty-eight C57BL/6N male mice, weighing 18 to 20 g, were selected (3-4 weeks old, n = 8 per group). The mice in the normal control group (Group I) were given normal solvent and the HSPN model group (Group II) were given sensitizing drugs. The mice in Group III were injected intraperitoneally with dexamethasone after being given sensitizing drugs. Meanwhile, mice in Groups IV, V and VI with conditional knockout of p300 were also given normal solvent, sensitizing drugs and dexamethasone.The levels of serum IgA, creatinine, and circulating immune complex (CIC) concentrations, 24 h urinary protein and urinary erythrocyte in C57 wild mice, and p300 conditional knockout mice in each group were measured. The expression of p300 in renal tissues and the expression of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) α and ß, transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1, and activator protein (AP)-1 after dexamethasone treatment were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. RESULTS: Compared with the normal solvent control group (Group I), the expression of p300 mRNA in the model group (Group II) was significantly up-regulated. Western blotting further confirmed the result. Urinary erythrocyte count, 24 h urinary protein quantification, serum IgA, CIC, and renal pathologic score in Group V were distinctly decreased compared with non-knockout mice in Group II (9.7 ±â€Š3.8 per high-power field [/HP] vs. 18.7 ±â€Š6.2/HP, t = 1.828, P = 0.043; 0.18 ±â€Š0.06 g/24 h vs. 0.36 ±â€Š0.08 g/24 h, t = 1.837, P = 0.042; 18.78 ±â€Š0.85 mg/mL vs. 38.46 ±â€Š0.46 mg/mL, t = 1.925, P = 0.038; 0.80 ±â€Š0.27 µg/mL vs. 1.64 ±â€Š0.47 µg/mL, t = 1.892, P = 0.041; 7.0 ±â€Š0.5 vs. 18.0 ±â€Š0.5, t = 1.908, P = 0.039). Compared with non-knockout mice (Group III), the level of urinary erythrocyte count and serum IgA in knockout mice (Group VI) increased significantly after treatment with dexamethasone (3.7 ±â€Š0.6/HP vs. 9.2 ±â€Š3.5/HP, t = 2.186, P = 0.024; 12.38 ±â€Š0.26 mg/mL vs. 27.85 ±â€Š0.65 mg/mL, t = 1.852, P = 0.041). The expression level of GRα was considerably increased in the knockout group after dexamethasone treatment compared with non-knockout mice in mRNA and protein level (t = 2.085, P = 0.026; t = 1.928, P = 0.035), but there was no statistically significant difference in the expression level of GRß between condition knockout and non-knockout mice (t = 0.059, P = 0.087; t = 0.038, P = 1.12). Furthermore, the expression levels of glucocorticoid resistance genes (AP-1 and TGF-ß1) were notably increased after p300 knockout compared with non-knockout mice in mRNA and protein level (TGF-ß1: t = 1.945, P = 0.034; t = 1.902, P = 0.039; AP-1: t = 1.914, P = 0.038; t = 1.802, P = 0.041). CONCLUSIONS: p300 plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of HSPN. p300 can down-regulate the expression of resistance genes (AP-1 and TGF-ß1) by binding with GRα to prevent further renal injury and glucocorticoid resistance. Therefore, p300 is a promising new target in glucocorticoid therapy in HSPN.

Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Nefrite/tratamento farmacológico , Nefrite/metabolismo , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/tratamento farmacológico , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição de p300-CBP/metabolismo , Animais , Creatinina/sangue , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A/sangue , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Nefrite/sangue , Nefrite/genética , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/sangue , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/genética , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/genética , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/genética , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores/genética , Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição de p300-CBP/genética
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(8): 2672-2678, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28786783


A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, motile, endospore-forming bacterium, designated strain J15A17T, was isolated from sediment of the South China Sea. The strain was oxidase-positive and catalase-negative. Optimal growth occurred at 33 °C, pH 7.5 and in the presence of 3 % (w/v) NaCl. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the strain showed closest similarity (92.8 %) to Paenibacillus puldeungensis strain CAU 9324T. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the isolate forms a separate branch within the family Paenibacillaceae, with the genus Cohnella as the most closely related genus. The DNA G+C content of strain J15A17T was 37.4 mol%. The strain contained MK-7 as the sole respiratory quinone; anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 were the major cellular fatty acids; and its polar lipid pattern consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, glycolipid and four unidentified phospholipids. The strain displayed the peptidoglycan type A4α l-Lys-d-Asp in the cell wall. Phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical and morphological differences between strain J15A17T and its closest relatives in the genera Cohnella, Fontibacillus and Paenibacillus suggest that strain J15A17T (=KCTC 33759T=MCCC 1H00137T) represents the type strain of a novel species in a new genus within the family Paenibacillaceae, Chengkuizengella sediminis gen. nov. sp. nov.

Bacillales/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Bacillales/genética , Bacillales/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 67(5): 1577-1581, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28036251


A Gram-strain-positive, facultatively anaerobic, motile, endospore-forming, slightly halophilic bacterium, designated strain 126C4T, was isolated from sediment from the East China Sea. The strain was catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Optimal growth occurred at 28-30 °C, pH 7.0-7.5 and in the presence of 3-5 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses, based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, showed that strain 126C4T was a member of the genus Paraliobacillus, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities to Paraliobacillus quinghaiensis YIM-C158T and Paraliobacillus ryukyuensis O15-7T of 96.2 % and 95.3 %, repectively. The DNA G+C content was 39.6 mol%. The strain contained MK-7 as the sole respiratory quinone, anteiso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0 as the major cellular fatty acids, and its polar lipid pattern comprised diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, three glycolipids and four unknown phospholipids. On the basis of its phylogenetic position, phenotypic traits and chemotaxonomic characteristics, it is suggested that strain 126C4T represents a novel species of the genus Paraliobacillus, for which the name Paraliobacillus sediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 126C4T (=KCTC 33762T=MCCC 1H00136T).

Bacillaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Bacillaceae/genética , Bacillaceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
Neurosci Bull ; 27(3): 156-62, 2011 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21614098


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of oral administration of arginine on linear growth of long bones in male pubertal rats and the underlying mechanisms, focusing on expression of genes related to the hypothalamus-pituitary growth axis and the nitric oxide (NO)-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into control and intervention groups. In the intervention group, arginine was solved in water (0.045 g L-arginine was mixed with 1 mL water) and administered in rats (10 mL/kg) through gastric perfusion once per day, for totally 28 d. Rats in the control group received normal saline treatment. Bone histomorphometry analysis was used to measure growth plate width and mineral apposition rate of the tibia, as well as trabecular bone volume fraction, osteoblast surface and osteoclast surface of the femur. Serum growth hormone (GH) concentration was determined by radioimmunoassay. Real-time PCR was used to measure the expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), soluble guanylyl cyclases (sGCα1 and sGCß1), growth hormone-releasing hormone (Ghrh) and somatostatin (SS) in hypothalamus, as well as Gh in pituitary. Western blot was used to detect the protein levels of nNOS, sGCα1 and sGCß1 in hypothalamus. RESULTS: After treatment with arginine, the growth plate width of tibia and osteoblast surface of femur were increased (P < 0.05), and serum GH concentration was elevated (P < 0.05). Besides, mRNA and protein levels of nNOS and sGCα1 (P < 0.05), as well as the expression of Gh mRNA (P < 0.01), were significantly up-regulated, while the expression of SS mRNA was down-regulated (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Oral administration of arginine could improve linear growth of long bones by regulating mRNA expression of SS and Gh and inducing GH secretion, possibly via nNOS-NO-sGC-cGMP signal transduction pathway.

Arginina/fisiologia , Desenvolvimento Ósseo/fisiologia , Hormônio do Crescimento/sangue , Lâmina de Crescimento/metabolismo , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário/fisiologia , Animais , Arginina/administração & dosagem , Desenvolvimento Ósseo/efeitos dos fármacos , GMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Fêmur/efeitos dos fármacos , Fêmur/fisiologia , Hormônio do Crescimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Lâmina de Crescimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Guanilato Ciclase/efeitos dos fármacos , Guanilato Ciclase/genética , Guanilato Ciclase/metabolismo , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo I/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/análise , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Guanilil Ciclase Solúvel , Tíbia/efeitos dos fármacos , Tíbia/fisiologia
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 30(3): 312-6, 2010 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20535935


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Chinese herbs for nourishing Shen-yin and removing Xiang-fire (NYRF) on estrogen receptor (ER) expression in uterus and ovary of rats contaminated with nonylphenol (NP) or its bisphenol A (BPA) mixture, for exploring the action mechanism of NYRF in antagonizing the estrogen-mimetic activity of environmental endocrine disruptors (EEDs). METHODS: EEDs contaminated female SD rats, 3-week old, were divided into two groups, the treated group fed with NYRF and the control group with corn oil during the same period of contaminating for 15 days. The wet weight (WW) and organ coefficient (OC) of uterus in rats, as well as the ER protein and mRNA expressions in rat's uterus and ovary were detected and compared. RESULTS: As compared with normal range, WW and OC increased significantly in the contaminated rats of the control group, with significantly down-regulated ER protein expression in uterus, and expressions of ER alpha and ER beta gene and protein in ovary (P<0.05). While in the treated group, the above-mentioned abnormalities of various indicators were markedly reversed to a certain extent (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EEDs show estrogenic-mimetic action on productive organs, which could be antagonized by NYRF, resulting in the down-regulated mRNA and protein expressions of ER in reproductive organs, so as to reduce the sensibility of reproductive organs to EEDs, which is probably one of the acting mechanisms of NYRF.

Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Ovário/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Útero/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Útero/efeitos dos fármacos