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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(6): 1339-1346, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453421

RESUMO

Astrocytes are important cellular centers of cholesterol synthesis and metabolism that help maintain normal physiological function at the organism level. Spinal cord injury results in aberrant cholesterol metabolism by astrocytes and excessive production of oxysterols, which have profound effects on neuropathology. 25-Hydroxycholesterol (25-HC), the main product of the membrane-associated enzyme cholesterol-25-hydroxylase (CH25H), plays important roles in mediating neuroinflammation. However, whether the abnormal astrocyte cholesterol metabolism induced by spinal cord injury contributes to the production of 25-HC, as well as the resulting pathological effects, remain unclear. In the present study, spinal cord injury-induced activation of thrombin was found to increase astrocyte CH25H expression. A protease-activated receptor 1 inhibitor was able to attenuate this effect in vitro and in vivo. In cultured primary astrocytes, thrombin interacted with protease-activated receptor 1, mainly through activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase/nuclear factor-kappa B signaling pathway. Conditioned culture medium from astrocytes in which ch25h expression had been knocked down by siRNA reduced macrophage migration. Finally, injection of the protease activated receptor 1 inhibitor SCH79797 into rat neural sheaths following spinal cord injury reduced migration of microglia/macrophages to the injured site and largely restored motor function. Our results demonstrate a novel regulatory mechanism for thrombin-regulated cholesterol metabolism in astrocytes that could be used to develop anti-inflammatory drugs to treat patients with spinal cord injury.

2.
Food Chem ; 405(Pt A): 134817, 2023 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370577

RESUMO

In order to extract sulforaphane (SFN) from broccoli via green and efficient ways, a novel method based on salting-out assisted deep eutectic solvent (DES) has been developed. Compared to known organic solvent- (such as dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, n-hexane, etc.) based liquid-liquid extraction, this new N8881Cl-based DES method exhibited excellent extraction efficiency for SFN, including a significant improvement due to the salting-out effect of KH2PO4. Under optimal conditions, 97.77 % of SFN was extracted by N8881Cl-EG DES and more than 82.5 % of SFN was recovered by activated carbon from DES. In addition, further studies with Kamlet-Taft parameters and density functional theory showed that the H-bond accepting capacity of hydrophobic DES, the existing vdW interaction, and the electrostatic interaction between N8881Cl-EG DES all contributed to efficient extraction of SFN. This is the first time that the underlying mechanism for SFN extraction by DES was revealed.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; 367: 128230, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332869

RESUMO

A self-supporting electrode (FeCo-MOF/CNFs) combining iron cobalt bimetallic metal-organic frameworks (FeCo-MOFs) with carbon nanofibers (CNFs) was applied as the anode of a microbial fuel cell (MFC). The introduction of FeCo-MOFs enhanced graphitization degree and electrical conductivity, which endowed FeCo-MOF/CNFs with excellent electrocatalytic performance and good biocompatibility. The hierarchical porous structure of FeCo-MOF/CNFs provided abundant attachment sites for electroactive bacteria (EAB) and facilitated rapid electron transfer. The MFC equipped with FeCo-MOF/CNFs anode (FeCo/CNFs-MFC) exhibited considerable power generation output (maximum power density: 5.3 ± 0.2 W/m2, coulombic efficiency: 54 ± 4 %). In addition, FeCo/CNFs-MFC achieved a direct electron transfer (DET) catalytic current density of 0.63 A/m2. FeCo-MOF/CNFs could simultaneously enhance the bioelectrocatalysis activity and promote the DET process of EAB, which provided an effective way to improve the sluggish extracellular electron transport process of the MFC anode.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Nanofibras , Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica/microbiologia , Carbono/química , Cobalto/química , Ferro/química , Elétrons , DEET , Eletrodos , Bactérias/química
4.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 868370, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35498034

RESUMO

Background: Data on burden of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and its attributable risk factors are valuable for policymaking. We aimed to estimate the burden and risk factors for PAD from 1990 to 2019. Methods: We extracted the data on prevalence, incidence, death, years lived with disability (YLDs), and years of life lost (YLLs) from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 to measure PAD burden. Moreover, the attributable burden to PAD risk factors was also estimated. Results: Globally, in 2019, 113,443,017 people lived with PAD and 10,504,092 new cases occurred, resulting in 74,063 deaths, 500,893 YLDs, and 1,035,487 YLLs. The absolute numbers of PAD prevalent and incident cases significantly increased between 1990 and 2019, contrasting with the decline trends in age-standardized prevalence and incidence rates. However, no statistically significant changes were detected in the global age-standardized death or YLL rates. The burden of PAD and its temporal trends varied significantly by location, gender, age group, and social-demographic status. Among all potentially modifiable risk factors, age-standardized PAD deaths worldwide were primarily attributable to high fasting plasma glucose, followed by high systolic blood pressure, tobacco, kidney dysfunction, diet high in sodium, and lead exposure. Conclusion: PAD remained a serious public health problem worldwide. More strategies aimed at implementing cost-effective interventions and addressing modifiable risk factors should be carried out, especially in regions with high or increasing burden.

5.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 1047351, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36452300

RESUMO

The influence of dietary probiotic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens on the growth performance, digestive enzyme activity, immune parameters and disease resistance of yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) was evaluated. Commercial diet (C) or diet containing 106 cfu/g B. amyloliquefaciens (T) was fed for 4 weeks, and final weight (FW), specific growth rate (SGR) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were improved (p<0.05) in the T group. Dietary B. amyloliquefaciens increased protease and amylase activities in the digestive tract after 2 and 4 weeks, respectively. Respiratory burst (RB), plasma lysozyme (LZM) activity, total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were also elevated (p<0.05). Immune-related genes signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STATA-1), immunoglobulin M (IgM) and C-type lectin (CTL) were upregulated (p<0.05), but interleukin-1 ß (IL-1ß) was not (p >0.05). Intestinal microbiota analysis showed that the community structure was significantly different between the two groups; the relative abundance of Cetobacterium was increased but Plesiomonas was decreased in T. Moreover, challenge tests showed that the resistance of fish fed B. amyloliquefaciens against Aeromonas veronii and Edwardsiella ictaluri was significantly enhanced (p<0.05). In conclusion, dietary supplementation of B. amyloliquefaciens can effectively improve the growth performance, digestive enzyme activity, immune responses, intestinal microbiota composition and disease resistance of yellow catfish.


Assuntos
Bacillus amyloliquefaciens , Peixes-Gato , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Resistência à Doença , Dieta/veterinária , Fármacos Gastrointestinais
6.
Environ Pollut ; 317: 120764, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36455772

RESUMO

Propofol, one of the most widely used intravenous anesthetic in clinical practice, has been reported to impair cognitive and memory function. However, the toxicological effects of propofol on aquatic organisms are still poorly understood. This study explored the toxic effects of chronic propofol exposure (0.008, 0.04, and 0.2 mg L-1) on adult zebrafish from biochemical, transcriptional, and molecular level after 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of exposure. Results indicated that the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were significantly upregulated during the 28 days exposure period, and excessive ROS caused lipid peroxidation, resulting in increased malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in the zebrafish brain. In order to relieve the oxidative damage induced by the excessive ROS, the activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT)) were significantly activated, and detoxification enzyme (glutathione S-transferase, GST) activities showed an "activation-inhibition" trend. However, the antioxidant enzymes and detoxification enzyme system could not eliminate the excessive ROS in time and thus caused DNA damage in zebrafish brain. The olive tail moment (OTM) values displayed a "dose-response" relationship with propofol concentrations. Meanwhile, the transcription of related genes of Nrf2-Keap1 pathway was activated. Further molecular simulation experiments suggested that propofol could directly combine with SOD/CAT to change the activity of its biological enzyme. These findings indicated that zebrafish could regulate antioxidant capacity to combat oxidative stress at the early exposure stage, but the activity of antioxidant enzymes were significantly inhibited with the increase of propofol exposure time. Our results are of great importance for understanding toxicological effects of propofol on aquatic organisms.

7.
Nano Lett ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36455210

RESUMO

Materials for studying biological interactions and for alternative energy applications are continuously under development. Semiconductor quantum dots are a major part of this landscape due to their tunable optoelectronic properties. Size-dependent quantum confinement effects have been utilized to create materials with tunable bandgaps and Auger recombination rates. Other mechanisms of electronic structural control are under investigation as not all of a material's characteristics are affected by quantum confinement. Demonstrated here is a new structure-property concept that imparts the ability to spatially localize electrons or holes within a core/shell heterostructure by tuning the charge carrier's kinetic energy on a parabolic potential energy surface. This charge carrier separation results in extended radiative lifetimes and in continuous emission at the single-nanoparticle level. These properties enable new applications for optics, facilitate novel approaches such as time-gated single-particle imaging, and create inroads for the development of other new advanced materials.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 113(Pt A): 109339, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330909

RESUMO

Our previous study showed that triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cell-1 (TREM-1) was upregulated in bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis (PF) mouse model. However, the role of TREM-1 in the development of PF and its underlying mechanism remain unclear. Herein, we report that the prophylactical blockade of TREM-1 using a decoy peptide dodecapeptide (LR12) exerted protective effects against BLM-induced PF in mice, with a higher survival rate, attenuated tissue injury, and less extracellular matrix deposition. Interestingly, therapeutic blockade of TREM-1 at the early stage of fibrosis also attenuated BLM-induced PF, suggesting a non-inflammatory effect. More importantly, we observed that TREM-1 blockade with LR12 significantly reduced the expression of the senescence-relative protein, including p16, p21, p53, and γ-H2AX in the lungs of PF mice. Notably, TREM-1 was upregulated in alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) and correlated with the levels of senescence markers in BLM-treated mice. In vitro, activating TREM-1 with an agonistic antibody exacerbated BLM-induced senescence in MLE12 cells, a murine AEC cell line. Furthermore, prophylactic or therapeutic blockade of TREM-1 protected MLE12 cells from senescence induced by BLM or H2O2. In conclusion, our findings elucidate a pro-fibrotic effect of TREM-1 by inducing AECs senescence in PF, providing a potential strategy for fibrotic disease treatment.


Assuntos
Células Epiteliais Alveolares , Fibrose Pulmonar , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides , Animais , Camundongos , Células Epiteliais Alveolares/patologia , Bleomicina/toxicidade , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Células Mieloides , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Receptor Gatilho 1 Expresso em Células Mieloides/metabolismo
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 858(Pt 3): 160109, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370777

RESUMO

Butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), a typical phthalate plasticizer, is frequently detected in aquatic environments, but its possible effects on fish liver are unknown. In this study, adult zebrafish were exposed to 5-500 µg/L BBP and cultured for 28 days. The toxicity mechanism of environmentally relevant concentrations of BBP in the liver was explored using integrated biomarker response (IBR), molecular docking, and histopathological analysis, based on the tests of oxidative stress, apoptosis, and tissue damage, respectively. The results revealed that exposure to 500 µg/L BBP caused lipid peroxidation and DNA damage and induced inflammatory responses in the liver and intestinal tissues. The accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is the primary manifestation of BBP toxicity and is accompanied by changes in the activities of antioxidant and detoxification enzymes. Notably, the pro-apoptotic genes (p53 and caspase-3) were still significantly upregulated in the 50 µg/L and 500 µg/L treatment groups on day 28. Moreover, BBP interfered with apoptosis by forming a stable complex with apoptosis proteins (P53 and Caspase-3). Our findings are helpful for understanding the toxicity mechanisms of BBP, which could further promote the assessment of the potential environmental risks of BBP.

10.
Curr Oncol Rep ; 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36445569

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This study aims to review state-of-the-art advances in Siglec-9-directed antibodies and to highlight specific aspects of Siglec-9 antibodies that are suitable to mount anti-tumor immunity. RECENT FINDINGS: Controversies surrounding studies on Siglec-9 antibodies can confound future studies. In this review, we have highlighted some controversies, explained the distinction between Siglec-9 agonistic and antagonistic (endocytic) antibodies, and discussed their suitability in sustaining anti-tumor immunity. Siglec-9 is an immune checkpoint target and an immunoinhibitory receptor that can engage either sialic acid ligands or agonistic antibodies. Through Siglec-9 sialic acid interactions, activated immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory signaling of the immune cells can lead to unfavorable immunosuppression. To overcome tumor-related immunosuppression, different types of Siglec-9 antibody blockade need to be developed. However, whether a Siglec-9-directed antibody is agonistic or antagonistic is probably affinity-dependent and not epitope-dependent. Additionally, unlike immune-modulatory antibodies such as agonistic antibodies (OX40, CD28, ICOS, and 4-1BB) or Fc-inert antibodies (PD1 and PD-L1) directed against cancer cells, the nature of antagonistic Siglec-9 antibodies is more suitable to enhance anti-tumor immunity and will be discussed.

11.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 712, 2022 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Smartphone addiction bodes adverse consequences, affecting different populations, including medical students. Parental bonding in childhood had been associated with addiction and recovery in later life. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the associations between parental bonding and smartphone addiction among Chinese medical students. METHOD: Binary logistic regressions were used to investigate the associations between parental bonding with mothers and fathers, respectively, and smartphone addiction. Interaction terms of care and protection were included in the models. RESULTS: A total of 517 medical students were included in the study. The prevalence of smartphone addiction was 48.16% (n = 249). The estimated effects of maternal and paternal parenting on smartphone addiction differed. Maternal protection was positively associated with smartphone addiction (OR, 1.046;95% CI, 1.005-1.087), and maternal care enhanced the estimated effect of protection on smartphone addiction. Paternal care was negatively associated with smartphone addiction (OR, 0.954;95% CI, 0.919-0.989). CONCLUSIONS: Chinese medical students with overprotective mothers or with indifferent fathers tended to exhibit traits of smartphone addiction. Further studies on factors influencing the associations between parental bonding and smartphone addiction may pave the way for potential family-oriented interventions for smartphone addiction.


Assuntos
Transtorno de Adição à Internet , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Smartphone , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pais , China/epidemiologia
12.
Front Chem ; 10: 1055865, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339046

RESUMO

5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) has aroused considerable interest over the past years as an important biomass-derived platform molecule, yielding various value-added products. The conventional HMF conversion requires noble metal catalysts and harsh operating conditions. On the other hand, the electrocatalytic conversion of HMF has been considered as an environmentally benign alternative. However, its practical application is limited by low overall energy efficiency and incomplete conversion. Paired electrolysis and highly efficient electrocatalysts are two viable strategies to address these limitations. Herein, an overview of coupled electrocatalytic HMF hydrogenation or hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) with HMF oxidation as well as the associated electrocatalysts are reviewed and discussed. In this mini-review, a brief introduction of electrocatalytic HMF upgrading is given, followed by the recent advances and challenges of paired electrolysis with an emphasis on the integration HMF electrohydrogenation with HMF electrooxidation. Finally, a perspective for a future sustainable biomass upgrading community based on electrocatalysis is proposed.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36430043

RESUMO

Respiratory effects of e-cigarette use among youth are not fully understood. This study investigated the longitudinal association between e-cigarette use and a validated index of functionally important respiratory symptoms among US youth. Data from Waves 3-4 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study were analyzed. The sample included youth (aged 12-17) without asthma at baseline (Wave 3), who completed a follow-up survey (Wave 4), and were not missing data for analytic variables (n = 3899). Exposure was e-cigarette use status (never, former, or current) at baseline. The outcome was a respiratory symptom index based on responses for seven wheezing items at Wave 4. An index of ≥2 was defined as having functionally important respiratory symptoms. Lagged logistic regression models examined the association between baseline e-cigarette use and functionally important respiratory symptoms at follow-up by combustible tobacco use status (never or ever), and controlling for baseline covariates. At baseline, 13.7% of participants reported former e-cigarette use, and 4.3% reported current use. Baseline e-cigarette use did not increase the odds of having functionally important respiratory symptoms at follow-up regardless of combustible tobacco use status. Future research on larger populations of e-cigarette users with longer follow-up periods will improve our understanding of the respiratory risks associated with e-cigarette use among youth.


Assuntos
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Vaping , Adolescente , Humanos , Vaping/epidemiologia , Tabaco , Estudos Longitudinais , Uso de Tabaco/epidemiologia
14.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1010626, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438821

RESUMO

Background: The Platinum-based combination has been proven to have an outstanding effect on patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer (PSROC), but the best scientific combination has not been established yet. The present study is aimed to seek the best treatment plan for PSROC. Methods: We did a systematic review and Bayesian network meta-analysis, during which lite before March 2022 were retrieved on PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled databases. We included randomized controlled clinical trials comparing chemotherapy combinations with other treatments for patients with PSROC. The important outcomes concerned were progression-free survival (PFS) (the primary outcome), overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), adverse events (AEs), and AEs-related discontinuation. All outcomes were ranked according to the surface under the cumulative ranking curve. Results: 26 trials involving 10441 patients were retrieved in this study. For the initial treatment of PSROC, carboplatin plus pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) plus bevacizumab had the best PFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0.59, 95% credible interval (CI) 0.51-0.68]; Carboplatin plus paclitaxel plus bevacizumab resulted in the best OS (HR 1.22, 95% CI 1.09-1.35) and ORR [odds ratio (OR) 1.22, 95% CI 1.09-1.35]. For the maintenance therapy in PSROC, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPi) following platinum-based chemotherapy provided the best PFS (HR 0.64, 95% CI 0.61-0.68), the highest frequency of adverse events of grade three or higher (OR 0.18, 95% CI 0.07-0.44) but the treatment discontinuation was generally low. Subgroup analysis suggested that trabectedin plus PLD was comparable to single platinum in prolonging PFS in the platinum-free interval (6-12 months). Conclusion: Both platinum-based chemotherapy plus PARPi and platinum-based chemotherapy plus bevacizumab had higher survival benefits than other treatments in PSROC. Trabectedin plus PLD might be a potential alternative treatment strategy for the partially platinum-sensitive subpopulation with intolerance to platinum. Systematic Review Registration: [https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?], identifier [CRD42022326573].

15.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(11): 1221-5, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397218

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of moxibustion on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and its effect on related negative emotions, and to explore the possible mechanism. METHODS: A total of 70 patients with RA were randomized into an observation group (35 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off). Conventional western medication therapy was adopted in the control group. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36), Shenshu (BL 23) and ashi points was adopted in the observation group, once every other day, 3 times a week, and totally 5-week treatment was required in the two groups. Before and after treatment, the scores of visual analogue scale (VAS), morning stiffness, 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were observed and levels of serum 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and interleukin (IL)-1ß were detected by ELISA method in the two groups respectively. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the scores of VAS and DAS28 were decreased after treatment in both groups (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the scores of morning stiffness, SAS, SDS and the serum levels of 5-HT, GR, IL-1ß were decreased after treatment in the observation group (P<0.01). After treatment, the scores of VAS, morning stiffness, DAS28, SAS, SDS and the serum levels of GR, IL-1ß in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The clinical symptoms of RA (scores of VAS, morning stiffness and DAS28) were positively correlated with negative emotions (scores of SAS and SDS, r=0.439, P<0.01), the VAS score was positively correlated with serum levels of 5-HT (r=0.189, P<0.05) and IL-1ß (r=0.189, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion can improve the clinical symptoms and negative emotions in patients with RA by regulating the inflammatory reactions.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Moxibustão , Humanos , Moxibustão/métodos , Serotonina , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Pontos de Acupuntura , Emoções
16.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 33(10): 2853-2861, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36384623

RESUMO

The increasingly frequent algal blooms in freshwater have become a major environmental problem in the world. In recent years, algae removal by the biological method is receiving more attention for its eco-friendly characteristics. In this study, we examined the effects of Bellamya aeruginosa, a common macrobenthic snail in eutrophic lakes in China, on the growth and photosynthesis activities of the common algae occurred in freshwater blooms, including cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa, coupled with green algae Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus obliquus. The main aims were to clarify the interactive relationships between B. aeruginosa and algae, and to verify feasibility of using B. aeruginosa as an algal-removing organism. The results showed that B. aeruginosa could feed a large amount of algae cells in a short period after inoculation, and reached the maximal removal rate of toxic and non-toxic M. aeruginosa as well as S. obliquus within 12 hours, which were 73.7%, 73.2%, and 51.1%, respectively. Furthermore, its feeding on C. vulgaris was stronger than on other algae, with the removal rate reaching 99.2% by the end of the experiment. The microcystins produced by the toxic M. aeruginosa accumulated in the body of B. aeruginosa induced the histopathological changes in the liver tissue, and thereby hindered the feeding of B. aeruginosa. In the late stage of the experiment, the photosynthetic activities of the algal cells under each treatment were significantly lower than that in the control, indicating that the feeding of B. aeruginosa damaged algal cells and inhibited their proliferation. In addition, in the mixture of non-toxic M. aeruginosa and S. obliquus, the selective feeding of B. aeruginosa caused the dominance of non-toxic M. aeruginosa to be replaced by S. obliquus. Therefore, B. aeruginosa could inhibit the photosynthesis and reduce the biomass of algae through feeding, and thus would eliminate or mitigate the formation of algal blooms.


Assuntos
Chlorella vulgaris , Microcystis , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Plantas , Lagos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402872

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Patients with unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) have poor survival. Conventional transarterial chemoembolization (c-TACE) and drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) are two treatment options for ICC, and this systematic review describes the efficacy of each of these modalities for unresectable ICC to guide clinical practice. METHODS: A literature search was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase databases regarding transhepatic arterial chemoembolization for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. The Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment Scale (NOS) was used to assess the risk of bias. Tumor response, disease control, and 1-, 2-, 3-year overall survival rate were pooled for estimation. RESULTS: The number of initial search results was 1035, and 19 articles met the inclusion criteria for this study after the screening. A total of 23 study cohorts and 1091 patients were provided. The pooled objective response rate (ORR) for c-TACE and DEB-TACE treating ICC was 29.4% (95% CI 11.6-50.8%) and 51.2% (95% CI 30.6-71.7%), respectively; disease control rate (DCR) was 72.8% (95% CI 55.6-87.3%) and 88.7% (95% CI 78.8-96.2%), respectively. The pooled survival rate at 1 year, 2 year, and 3 year was 49.7% (95% CI 39.1-60.3%), 24.0% (95% CI 12.6-37.3%), and 23.5% (95% CI 11.1-38.7%) for c-TACE; 58.6% (95% CI 44.2-72.3%), 26.7% (95% CI 18.1-36.3%), and 16.2% (95% CI 6.0-29.4%) for DEB-TACE. CONCLUSION: The descriptive analysis suggested that DEB-TACE treatment for ICC may have better tumor response and disease control rates than c-TACE treatment, but the impact on overall survival was not demonstrated significantly by DEB-TACE treatment.

18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 969724, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36341264

RESUMO

Background: Adenomyosis is a common gynecological disease in women. A relevant literature search found that approximately 82% of patients with adenomyosis chose to undergo hysterectomy. However, women of childbearing age are more likely to undergo surgery to preserve the uterus. Because it is difficult to determine the extent of adenomyosis, it is almost impossible to resect adenomyotic tissue and retain the uterus at the same time. Materials and methods: Following ethics approval and patient consent, tissue samples were resected and prepared to create frozen slices for analysis. One slice was subjected to H&E staining while the remaining slices were photographed with Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS), Second-Harmonic Generation (SHG) microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. Comparative observations and analyses at the same positions were carried out to explore the diagnostic ability of CARS, SHG, and Raman spectroscopy for adenomyosis. Results: In adenomyotic tissue, we found two characteristic peaks at 1,155 and 1,519 cm-1 in the Raman spectrum, which were significantly different from normal tissue. The substances shown in the CARS spectrum were represented by peaks of 1,519 cm-1. SHG microscopy showed a distribution of collagen at the focus of the adenomyosis. Conclusion: This study represents a novel analysis of Raman microscopy, CARS, and SHG in the analysis of adenomyotic lesions. We found the diffraction spectrum useful in determining the focal boundary and the diagnosis of adenomyosis in the tested samples.

19.
Emerg Med J ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36351780

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Medical errors are a global concern, and specifically, EDs are at considerable risk for medical errors. Few studies focus on the healthcare provider's self-perceived medical errors in hospitals, let alone the ED. Hence, this study explored perceived medical errors and their correlation with work-related factors and personal distress among physicians in EDs in China. METHODS: From July 2018 to August 2018, a national web-based cross-sectional study was conducted. The link to the web-based questionnaire was posted on the emergency physicians' working platform, inviting Chinese licensed emergency physicians to participate anonymously in this survey. Our outcome of interest, medical errors, was investigated using self-reporting methods. Occupational stress was assessed using the Chinese version of the Effort-Reward Imbalance scale. The Patient Health Questionnaire, the subscale of the 10-item Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, the subscale of the validated Leiden Quality of Work Questionnaire and the 10-item Generalised Self-efficacy Scale were used to assess personal distress. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine factors significantly associated with perceived medical errors. RESULTS: A sample of 10 457 emergency physicians completed the survey. Almost half (43.63%) of physicians reported self-perceived medical errors during the previous 3 months. The rate of workplace verbal aggression, effort-reward imbalance and depressive symptoms were 81.81%, 78.39% and 35.71%, respectively. Medical errors were more likely to be reported among chief physicians, and those who reported the department was short-staffed for physicians, and who experienced workplace verbal aggression and intense work stress. Medical errors were significantly associated with negative affect and lower self-efficacy. CONCLUSION: Self-perceived medical errors are prevalent among physicians working in EDs and are associated with their workplace environment and personal distress. Targeted interventions are required to reduce physicians' workload and improve their working environment. Accounting for healthcare providers' distress is imperative for reducing the incidence of medical errors and improving their health.

20.
Innovation (Camb) ; 3(6): 100342, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353677

RESUMO

In recent years, more and more single-cell technologies have been developed. A vast amount of single-cell omics data has been generated by large projects, such as the Human Cell Atlas, the Mouse Cell Atlas, the Mouse RNA Atlas, the Mouse ATAC Atlas, and the Plant Cell Atlas. Based on these single-cell big data, thousands of bioinformatics algorithms for quality control, clustering, cell-type annotation, developmental inference, cell-cell transition, cell-cell interaction, and spatial analysis are developed. With powerful experimental single-cell technology and state-of-the-art big data analysis methods based on artificial intelligence, the molecular landscape at the single-cell level can be revealed. With spatial transcriptomics and single-cell multi-omics, even the spatial dynamic multi-level regulatory mechanisms can be deciphered. Such single-cell technologies have many successful applications in oncology, assisted reproduction, embryonic development, and plant breeding. We not only review the experimental and bioinformatics methods for single-cell research, but also discuss their applications in various fields and forecast the future directions for single-cell technologies. We believe that spatial transcriptomics and single-cell multi-omics will become the next booming business for mechanism research and commercial industry.

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