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1.
BMC Biol ; 19(1): 242, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proteostasis unbalance and mitochondrial dysfunction are two hallmarks of aging. While the chaperone folds and activates its clients, it is the cochaperone that determines the specificity of the clients. Ids2 is an HSP90's cochaperone controlling mitochondrial functions, but no in vivo clients of Ids2 have been reported yet. RESULTS: We performed a screen of the databases of HSP90 physical interactors, mitochondrial components, and mutants with respiratory defect, and identified Atp3, a subunit of the complex V ATP synthase, as a client of Ids2. Deletion of IDS2 destabilizes Atp3, and an α-helix at the middle region of Ids2 recruits Atp3 to the folding system. Shortage of Ids2 or Atp3 leads to the loss of mitochondrial DNA. The intermembrane space protease Yme1 is critical to maintaining the Atp3 protein level. Moreover, Ids2 is highly induced when cells carry out oxidative respiration. CONCLUSIONS: These findings discover a cochaperone essentially for maintaining the stability of mitochondrial DNA and the proteostasis of the electron transport chain-crosstalk between two hallmarks of aging.

2.
Amino Acids ; 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34800175

RESUMO

Amino acids are one of the main metabolites in the body, and provide energy for the body and brain. The purpose of this study is to provide a profile of amino acid changes in the serum of patients with Moyamoya disease (MMD) and identify potential disease biomarkers. In this paper, we quantitatively determined the serum amino acid metabolic profiles of 43 MMD patients and 42 healthy controls (HCs). T test, multivariate statistical analysis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were used to identify candidate markers. Thirty-nine amino acids were quantified, and 12 amino acid levels differed significantly between the MMD patients and HCs. Moreover, based on ROC curve analysis, four amino acid (L-methionine, L-glutamic acid, ß-alanine and o-phosphoserine) biomarkers showed high sensitivity and specificity (AUC > 0.90), and showed the best sensitivity and specificity in MetaboAnalyst 5.0 using binary logistic regression analysis. We have provided serum amino acid metabolic profiles of MMD patients, and identified four potential biomarkers which may both provide clinicians with an objective diagnostic method for early detection of MMD and further our understanding of MMD pathogenesis.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21909, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754026

RESUMO

By way of introducing heterogeneous interfaces, the stabilization of crystallographic phases is critical to a viable strategy for developing materials with novel characteristics, such as occurrence of new structure phase, anomalous enhancement in magnetic moment, enhancement of efficiency as nanoportals. Because of the different lattice structures at the interface, heterogeneous interfaces serve as a platform for controlling pseudomorphic growth, nanostructure evolution and formation of strained clusters. However, our knowledge related to the strain accumulation phenomenon in ultrathin Fe layers on face-centered cubic (fcc) substrates remains limited. For Fe deposited on Ir(111), here we found the existence of strain accumulation at the interface and demonstrate a strain driven phase transition in which fcc-Fe is transformed to a bcc phase. By substituting the bulk modulus and the shear modulus and the experimental results of lattice parameters in cubic geometry, we obtain the strain energy density for different Fe thicknesses. A limited distortion mechanism is proposed for correlating the increasing interfacial strain energy, the surface energy, and a critical thickness. The calculation shows that the strained layers undergo a phase transition to the bulk structure above the critical thickness. The results are well consistent with experimental measurements. The strain driven phase transition and mechanism presented herein provide a fundamental understanding of strain accumulation at the bcc/fcc interface.

4.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-11, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606419

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) remains an incurable hematological malignancy characterized by proliferation and accumulation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Innovative and effective therapeutic approaches that are able to improve the outcome and the survival of MM sufferers, especially the identification of novel natural compounds and investigation of their anti-MM mechanisms, are needed. Here, we investigated the effects and the potential mechanisms against MM of forskolin, a diterpene derived from the medicinal plant Coleus forskohlii, in MM cell line MM.1S. CCK-8 assay showed that forskolin significantly inhibited MM.1S cells viability in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, we demonstrated that forskolin induced G2/M phase arrest with a remarkable increase of p-cdc25c, p-cdc2, and a decrease of cyclin B1, indicating the suppression of cdc25C/cdc2/cyclin B pathway. Moreover, we found that forskolin induced mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis which was accompanied by the increase of pro-apoptotic proteins Bax, Bad, Bim and Bid, the decrease of anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl, the changes of the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and increase of cleaved caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. Of note, we demonstrated that forskolin induced a decrease of p-C-Raf, p-MEK, p-ERK1/2 and p-p90Rsk, and an increase of p-PERK, p-eIF2α and CHOP, which indicated that the inhibition of Raf/MEK/ERK pathway and activation of PERK/eIF2α/CHOP pathway were involved, at least partially, in forskolin-induced MM.1S cells apoptosis. These findings confirm the anti-MM action of forskolin and extend the understanding of its anti-MM mechanism in MM.1S cells, as well as reinforcing the evidence for forskolin as a natural chemotherapeutic compound against MM.

6.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 15: 735723, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658793

RESUMO

The super elongation complex (SEC) has been reported to play a key role in the proliferation and differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells. However, the expression pattern and function of the SEC in the inner ear has not been investigated. Here, we studied the inner ear expression pattern of three key SEC components, AFF1, AFF4, and ELL3, and found that these three proteins are all expressed in both cochlear hair cells (HCs)and supporting cells (SCs). We also cultured Lgr5+ inner ear progenitors in vitro for sphere-forming assays and differentiation assays in the presence of the SEC inhibitor flavopiridol. We found that flavopiridol treatment decreased the proliferation ability of Lgr5+ progenitors, while the differentiation ability of Lgr5+ progenitors was not affected. Our results suggest that the SEC might play important roles in regulating inner ear progenitors and thus regulating HC regeneration. Therefore, it will be very meaningful to further investigate the detailed roles of the SEC signaling pathway in the inner ear in vivo in order to develop effective treatments for sensorineural hearing loss.

7.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 334, 2021 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689764

RESUMO

Herein, an unprecedented synergistic strategy for the development of high-performance NIR-II fluorophore is proposed and validated. Based on an unsymmetrical cyanine dye design strategy, the NIR-II emissive dye NIC was successfully developed by replacing only one of the indoline donors of symmetrical cyanine dye ICG with a fully conjugated benz[c,d]indole donor. This minor structural change maximally maintains the high extinction coefficient advantage of cyanine dyes. NIC-ER with endogenous albumin-hitchhiking capability was constructed to further enhance its in vivo fluorescence brightness. In the presence of HSA (Human serum albumin), NIC-ER spontaneously resides in the albumin pocket, and a brilliant ~89-fold increase in fluorescence was observed. Due to its high molar absorptivity and moderate quantum yield, NIC-ER in HSA exhibits bright NIR-II emission with high photostability and significant Stokes shift (>110 nm). Moreover, NIC-ER was successfully employed for tumor-targeted NIR-II/PA imaging and efficient photothermal tumor elimination. Overall, our strategy may open up a new avenue for designing and constructing high-performance NIR-II fluorophores.

8.
Biopreserv Biobank ; 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714122

RESUMO

A growing body of evidence has demonstrated the importance of the gut microbiome in human health. In general, fecal microbial samples are used to study the mechanisms of relevant diseases. In this context, it is worth mentioning that an optimized cryopreservation method is urgently needed to successfully perform clinical diagnosis, therapy, and scientific investigations of the gut microbiome without affecting its viability and biological activity. In this study, we aimed to test the relative cryopreservation efficiency of different nontoxic natural cryoprotectants using infant fecal and meconium samples. First, we selected two facultative and two obligate anaerobic bacteria as the experimental gut microbial strain to compare these cryoprotectants' toxicity and concentration-dependent bacteria viabilities after cryopreservation, then the viabilities and bacterial diversity of mixed facultative and obligate anaerobic bacteria. Finally, we explored the effects of optimized cryoprotectants for meconium and infant feces after cryopreservation using 16S rRNA sequencing analyses. In addition, to better understand the effectiveness of these cryoprotectants, we used different freeze-thaw conditions mimicking real-life situations in the process of distribution. We found that the better choice for the infant fecal sample's cryopreservation was 100 mg/mL trehalose, whereas 200 mg/mL trehalose/betaine was the optimum choice for meconium cryopreservation. We hope that our results will shed light on the importance of natural cryoprotectants toward the long-term and stable viability of invaluable human gut microbial specimens.

9.
Rev Cardiovasc Med ; 22(3): 769-777, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565075

RESUMO

The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) helps to regulate cardiovascular function, the maintenance of electrolyte and fluid balance, and blood pressure. The RAS contains two axes; the angiotensin-converting enzyme/angiotensin II/Ang II type 1 receptors (ACE/Ang II/AT1) classic axis, which has a role in regulating blood pressure, vascular oxidative stress, coagulation, and cellular proliferation. The other is the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2/angiotensin-(1-7)/Mas receptors (ACE2/Ang-(1-7)/Mas) axis, which can inhibit the former axis, improve fat metabolism, reduce inflammation and oxidative stress, and enhance glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. The ACE2/Ang-(1-7)/Mas axis is found in blood vessels, kidneys, liver, pancreas and the brain. It can protect the body from abnormalities in glucose metabolism. The ACE2/Ang-(1-7)/Mas axis can enhance glucose tolerance and improve insulin sensitivity by protecting pancreatic ß cells, increasing insulin secretion, improving glucose metabolism in adipose tissue, enhancing glucose uptake by skeletal muscle, and inhibiting hepatic gluconeogenesis. This article reviews the main characteristics and functions of the ACE2/Ang-(1-7)/Mas axis and its regulation of glucose metabolism in order to demonstrate its potential as a target for the treatment of metabolic diseases such as diabetes.


Assuntos
Angiotensina I , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Glucose , Humanos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos
10.
Mol Med ; 27(1): 118, 2021 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to further explore the potential interaction between oxidative stress and autophagy in the progression of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and therapeutic mechanism of calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D (VitD). METHODS: Neuroprotective effects of calcitriol were examined following TBI. We further evaluated the impacts of TBI and calcitriol treatment on autophagic process and nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling. RESULTS: We found that treatment of calcitriol markedly ameliorated the neurological deficits and histopathological changes following TBI. The brain damage impaired autophagic flux and impeded Nrf2 signaling, the major regulator in antioxidant response, consequently leading to uncontrolled and excessive oxidative stress. Meanwhile, calcitriol promoted autophagic process and activated Nrf2 signaling as evidenced by the reduced Keap1 expression and enhanced Nrf2 translocation, thereby mitigating TBI-induced oxidative damage. In support, we further found that chloroquine (CQ) treatment abrogated calcitriol-induced autophagy and compromised Nrf2 activation with increased Keap1 accumulation and reduced expression of Nrf2-targeted genes. Additionally, both CQ treatment and Nrf2 genetic knockout abolished the protective effects of calcitriol against both TBI-induced neurological deficits and neuronal apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, our work demonstrated a neuroprotective role of calcitriol in TBI by triggering Nrf2 activation, which might be mediated by autophagy.

11.
Aging Cell ; 20(10): e13480, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34529881

RESUMO

Brain renin-angiotensin (Ang) system (RAS) is implicated in neuroinflammation, a major characteristic of aging process. Angiotensin (Ang) II, produced by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), activates immune system via angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1), whereas Ang(1-7), generated by ACE2, binds with Mas receptor (MasR) to restrain excessive inflammatory response. Therefore, the present study aims to explore the relationship between RAS and neuroinflammation. We found that repeated lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment shifted the balance between ACE/Ang II/AT1 and ACE2/Ang(1-7)/MasR axis to the deleterious side and treatment with either MasR agonist, AVE0991 (AVE) or ACE2 activator, diminazene aceturate, exhibited strong neuroprotective actions. Mechanically, activation of ACE2/Ang(1-7)/MasR axis triggered the Forkhead box class O1 (FOXO1)-autophagy pathway and induced superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), the FOXO1-targeted antioxidant enzymes. Meanwhile, knockdown of MasR or FOXO1 in BV2 cells, or using the selective FOXO1 inhibitor, AS1842856, in animals, suppressed FOXO1 translocation and compromised the autophagic process induced by MasR activation. We further used chloroquine (CQ) to block autophagy and showed that suppressing either FOXO1 or autophagy abrogated the anti-inflammatory action of AVE. Likewise, Ang(1-7) also induced FOXO1 signaling and autophagic flux following LPS treatment in BV2 cells. Cotreatment with AS1842856 or CQ all led to autophagic inhibition and thereby abolished Ang(1-7)-induced remission on NLRP3 inflammasome activation caused by LPS exposure, shifting the microglial polarization from M1 to M2 phenotype. Collectively, these results firstly illustrated the mechanism of ACE2/Ang(1-7)/MasR axis in neuroinflammation, strongly indicating the involvement of FOXO1-mediated autophagy in the neuroimmune-modulating effects triggered by MasR activation.

12.
Nanotechnology ; 32(49)2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450616

RESUMO

In order to adapt to the quick and large amount of necessity in data flow for 5G cloud generation, it is necessary to develop a technology of warm storage device in market which takes a great balance between the reading/writing performance and the price per storage capacity. The technologies of warm storage devices are assumed to adopt phase change memory (PCM), resistive random access memory or magnetoresistive random access memory which have the highest possibilities to 5G structures and magnetic properties of Co on non-hydrogenated diamond like carbon (DLC)/Si(100) films and Co/DLC interface are investigated. The self-assembled magnetic heterostructure is firstly reported in hexagonal close packing Co layers perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) on Co carbide layers (in-plane) during Co deposited on DLC/Si(100). A PMA/in-plane magnetic heterostructure is expected to have the highest switching current to the energy barrier ratio of near 4 in previous report, which has great potential for developing warm memory devices. Based on these unique characteristics, we provide a novel design called magnetic anisotropy-phase change memory (Mani-PCM) which can impact the developing blueprint of memory. The working process of Mani-PCM includes in set, reset and read states as a universal PCM. This brand new technology is highly promising as warm memory devices including high reading/writing performance and economical price per storage capacity.

13.
Adv Mater ; 33(39): e2103017, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369026

RESUMO

Development of large-area flexible organic solar cells (OSCs) is highly desirable for their practical applications. However, the efficiency of the large-area flexible OSCs severely lags behind small-area devices. Here, efficient large-area flexible single cells with power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 13.1% and 12.6% for areas of 6 and 10 cm2 , and flexible modules with a PCE of 13.2% (54 cm2 ) based on poly(ethylene terephthalate)/Ag grid/silver nanowires (AgNWs):zinc-chelated polyethylenimine (PEI-Zn) composite electrodes are reported. The solution-processed flexible transparent electrode of AgNWs:PEI-Zn shows low surface roughness and good optoelectronic and mechanical properties. PEI-Zn is conductive and optically transparent. It can adhere to and wrap the AgNWs under electrostatic interaction between the negatively charged surface (AgNWs) and positively charged protonated amine groups (in PEI-Zn). It wraps the AgNWs networks and fills the void space to achieve a smooth surface. The flexible electrode is validated in both flexible OSCs and flexible quantum-dots light-emitting diodes (QLEDs). Small-area flexible OSCs show a PCE of 16.1%, and flexible QLEDs show an external quantum efficiency of 13.3%. In the end, a flexible module is demonstrated to charge a mobile phone as a flexible power source (shown in Video S1, Supporting Information).

14.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(4): 381-385, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288606

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: Objective: The study of sports biomechanics in sports medicine usually requires a special image analysis system (software) to obtain 3D kinematics data. Taking the swimming project in sports medicine as an example, 3D water images in water have always been relatively complicated and difficult. As light travels in different media, it will refract and reflect. When testing underwater movements, if only a land camera or an underwater camera is used for testing, the error caused by light refraction will be larger, which will affect the accuracy of the test data even more. Methods: Taking breaststroke movement as an example, a three-dimensional measurement method based on the Kwon3D movement analysis system is introduced. This method is different from the simple underwater camera test. It is a three-dimensional test method combining a land camera and an underwater camera. Two underwater cameras and two land cameras were used to simultaneously calibrate the water and underwater space with the same calibration frame in the experiment after analyzing and verifying the accuracy of 3D reconstruction. Results: The comprehensive reconstruction error is small, and the average relative error is less than 1%. Conclusions: The application of three-dimensional image analysis technology of vision systems in sports medicine is reasonable and worth promoting. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Antecedente: Objetivo: O estudo da biomecânica do esporte na medicina esportiva geralmente requer o uso de um sistema especial de análise de imagens (software) para a obtenção de dados cinemáticos 3D. Tomando o projeto de natação na medicina esportiva como exemplo, a análise de imagens 3D da água na água sempre foi um teste relativamente complicado e difícil. À medida que a luz viaja em diferentes meios, ela refratará e refletirá. Ao testar movimentos subaquáticos, se apenas uma câmera terrestre ou subaquática for usada para o teste, o erro causado pela refração da luz será maior, o que afetará a precisão dos dados de teste ainda mais. Métodos: Tomando o movimento de nado peito como exemplo, um método de medição tridimensional baseado no sistema de análise de movimento Kwon3D é introduzido. Este método é diferente do teste simples de câmera subaquática. É um método de teste tridimensional que combina uma câmera terrestre e uma câmera subaquática. No experimento, duas câmeras subaquáticas e duas câmeras terrestres foram usadas para calibrar simultaneamente a água e o espaço subaquático com o mesmo quadro de calibração. Depois de analisar e verificar a precisão da reconstrução 3D. Resultados: O erro de reconstrução abrangente é pequeno e o erro relativo médio é inferior a 1% Conclusões: A aplicação da tecnologia de análise de imagem tridimensional do sistema de visão na medicina esportiva é razoável e vale a pena promover. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Antecedente: Objetivo: El estudio de la biomecánica del deporte en la medicina deportiva generalmente requiere el uso de un sistema de análisis de imágenes especial (software) para obtener datos de cinemática 3D. Tomando como ejemplo el proyecto de natación en medicina deportiva, el análisis de imágenes de agua en 3D en el agua siempre ha sido una prueba relativamente complicada y difícil. A medida que la luz viaja en diferentes medios, se refractará y reflejará. Al probar los movimientos bajo el agua, si solo se utiliza una cámara terrestre o una cámara submarina para realizar la prueba, el error causado por la refracción de la luz será mayor, lo que afectará aún más la precisión de los datos de la prueba. Métodos: tomando como ejemplo el movimiento de la brazada, se introduce un método de medición tridimensional basado en el sistema de análisis de movimiento Kwon3D. Este método es diferente de la simple prueba de cámara subacuática. Es un método de prueba tridimensional que combina una cámara terrestre y una cámara submarina. En el experimento, se utilizaron dos cámaras submarinas y dos cámaras terrestres para calibrar simultáneamente el agua y el espacio submarino con el mismo marco de calibración. Después de analizar y verificar la precisión de la reconstrucción 3D. Resultados: el error de reconstrucción integral es pequeño y el error relativo promedio es inferior al 1%. Conclusiones: La aplicación de la tecnología de análisis de imágenes tridimensionales del sistema de visión en la medicina deportiva es razonable y vale la pena promoverla. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Assuntos
Humanos , Natação/fisiologia , Gravação em Vídeo/métodos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia , Algoritmos , Calibragem , Água
15.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 2941-2953, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239317

RESUMO

Purpose: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are a chronic inflammatory disease, which affects almost all tissues in the body. Previous studies mainly focused on breathing, fecal, and urine samples of patients with IBD. However, there is no comprehensive metabolomic analysis of the serum, colon, heart, liver, kidney, cortex, hippocampus, and brown fat tissues. Therefore, the aim of our study is to evaluate the utility metabolomic analysis of target tissues in the pathogenesis of IBD in exploring new biomarkers for early diagnosis and treatment. Methods: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated to control and DSS-treated groups (n = 7). Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) was orally administered for 6 weeks. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used for metabolite determination, multivariate statistical analysis was used to identify metabolites that were differentially expressed in two groups. Results: Our results showed that 3, 11, 12, 6, 5, 13, 13, and 11 metabolites were differentially expressed between the DSS treatment group and the control group in the serum, colon, heart, liver, kidney, cortex, hippocampus, and brown fat tissues, respectively. The most significant change of metabolites in the study was amino acid (L-alanine, L-glutamic acid, L-phenylalanine, L-proline, L-lysine, L-isoleucine, L-tryptophan, L-norleucine, L-valine, glycine, serine, L-threonine), organic acid (citric acid, 3-hydroxybutyric acid, propanoic acid), glucide (D-arabinose, D-fructose) and purine (9H-purin-6-ol, D-ribose) profiles. Several pathways were affected according to the integrated pathway analysis. These pathways ranged from amino acid metabolism (such as alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolism, glutathione metabolism) to purine metabolism (aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis). Conclusion: Using GC-MS-based profiling of metabolite changes, these results may provide a more comprehensive view for IBD and IBD-related diseases and improve the understanding of IBD pathogenesis.

16.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 13764, 2021 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34215767

RESUMO

With the development of artificial intelligence, technique improvement of the classification of skin disease is addressed. However, few study concerned on the current classification system of International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD)-10 on Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, which is now globally used for classification of skin disease. This study was aimed to develop a new taxonomy of skin disease based on cytology and pathology, and test its predictive effect on skin disease compared to ICD-10. A new taxonomy (Taxonomy 2) containing 6 levels (Project 2-4) was developed based on skin cytology and pathology, and represents individual diseases arranged in a tree structure with three root nodes representing: (1) Keratinogenic diseases, (2) Melanogenic diseases, and (3) Diseases related to non-keratinocytes and non-melanocytes. The predictive effects of the new taxonomy including accuracy, precision, recall, F1, and Kappa were compared with those of ICD-10 on Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue (Taxonomy 1, Project 1) by Deep Residual Learning method. For each project, 2/3 of the images were included as training group, and the rest 1/3 of the images acted as test group according to the category (class) as the stratification variable. Both train and test groups in the Projects (2 and 3) from Taxonomy 2 had higher F1 and Kappa scores without statistical significance on the prediction of skin disease than the corresponding groups in the Project 1 from Taxonomy 1, however both train and test groups in Project 4 had a statistically significantly higher F1-score than the corresponding groups in Project 1 (P = 0.025 and 0.005, respectively). The results showed that the new taxonomy developed based on cytology and pathology has an overall better performance on predictive effect of skin disease than the ICD-10 on Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. The level 5 (Project 4) of Taxonomy 2 is better on extension to unknown data of diagnosis system assisted by AI compared to current used classification system from ICD-10, and may have the potential application value in clinic of dermatology.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Citodiagnóstico , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Pele/patologia , Aprendizado Profundo , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Pele/ultraestrutura , Dermatopatias/classificação , Dermatopatias/patologia
17.
Environ Pollut ; 287: 117591, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34153608

RESUMO

Acrylamide (ACR) is a widely used environmentally hazardous compound that is known to be neurotoxic, genotoxic, carcinogenic, and reproductive toxicity. It is widely present in soil, water, agents used in chemical industries, and food. It can be distributed to all organs and tissues, and can cause damage to various human systems and those of other animals. Previous metabolomics studies have mainly focused on metabolites in serum and urine, but have lacked comprehensive analysis of major organs and tissues. In the current study, a gas chromatography-massspectrometry method was used to investigate mechanisms underlying organ toxicity, in an effort to identify potentially sensitive biomarkers in the main target tissues of rats after ACR exposure. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to two groups; a control group and a group treated with 20 mg kg-1 ACR intragastrically for 6 weeks. Metabolite changes in the two groups were statistically analyzed. The respective numbers of altered metabolites in the hippocampus, cortex, kidney, serum, heart, liver, and kidney fat were 21, 21, 17, 5, 15, 14, and 6. There were 14 metabolic pathways related to amino acid, fatty acid, purine, and energy metabolism, revealing that the toxic mechanism of ACR may involve oxidative stress, inflammation, and amino acid metabolism and energy disorders.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Metabolômica , Acrilamida/toxicidade , Animais , Biomarcadores , Masculino , Metaboloma , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
18.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 51(3): 302-309, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanism of thalidomide on pancreatic stellate cell (PSC) activation in mice and to find the optimal timing of thalidomide administration. METHODS: PSCs, isolated from mouse pancreas tissue, were divided into five groups with specific treatments: (A) control PSCs (PSC), (B) PSCs induced by TGF-ß1 (PSC+TGF-ß1), (C) PSCs induced by TGF-ß1 followed by thalidomide (PSC+TGF-ß1+Thalidomide), (D) PSCs receiving TGF-ß1 and thalidomide simultaneously (PSC+(TGF-ß1+Thalidomide)), and (E) PSCs treated with thalidomide only (PSC+Thalidomide). We measured the effects of thalidomide on PSC activation by detecting the expression of α-SMA, collagen type I, and the TGF-ß/Smad pathway through quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot analysis. RESULTS: Compared with TGF-ß1 alone, thalidomide significantly inhibited PSC activation by reducing α-SMA expression (P<0.05) and decreasing collagen type I deposition (P<0.05). PSCs treated with thalidomide alone showed lower expression of α-SMA and collagen type I than those treated with thalidomide and TGF-ß1 at random order (P<0.01). Thalidomide downregulated TGF-ß1 and Smad3 and upregulated Smad7 (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Thalidomide could repress PSC activation and alleviate fibrosis by regulating the TGF-ß/Smad pathway. Preventive use of thalidomide had maximum effect, and there was no evidence for the reversal of the activation of quiescent PSCs.

19.
PeerJ ; 9: e11636, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34178482

RESUMO

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the severe diseases that threaten human health worldwide. In addition, the associated rate of comorbidity with depression and anxiety is extremely high. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are a group of proteins that possesses cardiovascular and psychological protection properties. The objective of this study is to determine the association of the two most widely studied HSPs, namely, HSP70 and HSP90, with CAD comorbid depression and anxiety in a Chinese population. Methods: A case-control study involving 271 CAD patients and 113 healthy individuals was conducted. The 271 CAD patients include individuals with (123) and without depression (148) and individuals with (57) and without anxiety (214). Ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for HSP70 and seven SNPs for HSP90 were selected and genotyped. Results: Results revealed that the HSP70 rs10892958 C allele and HSP70 rs2236658 T allele were associated with a decreased risk of CAD (P < 0.05), whereas the G allele of the rs11218941 polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of CAD. The haplotype analysis results indicated that the haplotype TGGGC of the HSPA8 gene (coded the HSP70 family, rs4936770/rs4802/rs10892958/rs11218941/rs2236658) significantly increased the risk of CAD (P = 0.008). Among the patients with CAD, the carriers of the CC genotype for the HSP90 rs1042665 showed higher risks of anxiety than the carriers of another genotypes. However, no significant relationships were found among the CAD with depression and CAD without depression groups for the selected SNPs. These findings suggested that the genetic polymorphisms in the HSP gene, especially the HSPA8 of HSP70, contribute to CAD susceptibility and rs1042665 genetic polymorphisms might have an effect on the anxiety incidence among CAD patients.

20.
Opt Express ; 29(12): 17815-17830, 2021 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34154056

RESUMO

Nonlinear dynamics of semiconductor nanolasers subjected to distributed feedbacks from fiber Bragg grating (FBG) are investigated through modified rate equations, which include the unique Purcell cavity-enhanced spontaneous emission factor F and spontaneous emission coupling factor ß. In the analysis, the effects of F, ß, frequency detuning, feedback strength, feedback delay, FBG bandwidth and length on chaotic performance are evaluated. It is observed that the approach of FBG feedback outperforms mirror feedback in terms of concealing time-delay signature and increasing effective bandwidth by choosing intermediate feedback strength and frequency detuning. Additionally, chaotic regions and the corresponding chaotic characteristics are revealed by dynamical mappings of nanolasers subjected to FBG feedback. The results show that decreased F, ß and increased FBG bandwidth can extend the parameter range of chaos. However, the variation of feedback delay and FBG length has no obvious effect on TDS suppression and effective bandwidth enhancement. Most importantly, high quality optical chaos with low TDS and high effective bandwidth induced by increased dispersion is obtained within broad parameter regions considered, which is beneficial to achieving chaos-based applications.

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