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1.
Neurol Res ; : 1-9, 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829970

RESUMO

Objectives: Stroke is an important cause of death and disability. Recent evidence suggests that post-stroke inflammation is an important factor in stroke pathology and a root cause of its lasting consequences. Phenothiazine drugs, like chlorpromazine and promethazine (C + P), induce hypothermia and have been shown to play a major role in neuroprotection. In the present study, we investigated this neuroprotective mechanism by assessing the anti-inflammatory effect of these drugs.Methods: Adult Sprague-Dawley rats underwent 2 h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by 6 or 24 h of reperfusion, with or without C + P (8 mg/kg). Infarct volumes, neurological deficits, along with mRNA and protein quantities of receptor-interacting protein 1 (RIP1), receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3), NLRPyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) were assessed, as well as the infiltration of neutrophils and macrophages.Results: C + P induced hypothermia that significantly reduced RIP1, RIP3, NLRP3 and IL-1ß expression, infarction, and immune cell infiltration, while C + P treatment with temperature control at 37°C induced lesser effect.Conclusion: These findings suggest that the anti-inflammatory effect of C + P may be dependent on drug-induced hypothermia and regulation of the NLRP3 inflammasome via the RIP1/RIP3 complex. Future investigations are needed regarding C + P as potential treatment of ischemic stroke.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835260

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Define the impact of socio-demographic co-variates on outcomes of persons with newly-diagnosed chronic phase chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). METHODS: Data of 961 consecutive subjects with newly-diagnosed CML were integrated for these outcomes in multi-variable Cox regression analyses after adjusting for confounders and interactions. RESULTS: Elder age was associated with less use of a 2nd generation TKI as initial therapy. Household registration, comorbidity(ies) and education level were associated with use of a generic rather than branded TKI as initial therapy. Subjects with lower education level were more likely to be diagnosed with CML because of leukaemia-related symptoms. Rural registration and lower education level were also associated with a greater likelihood of switching TKI-therapy. Lower education level was associated with lower likelihood of achieving MMR [HR = 0.8 (0.7, 0.9), p = 0.002], MR4.5 [HR = 0.8 (0.7, 1.0), p = 0.055], and poor FFS [HR = 1.7 (1.3, 2.5); p < 0.001], PFS [HR = 2.0 (1.1, 5.0); p = 0.014], CML-related survival [HR = 2.5 (1.0, 10.0); p = 0.060] and survival [HR = 2.5 (1.0, 10.0); p = 0.043]. Males had lower rates of MMR and MR4.5 and worse FFS, but not survival compared with females. Being married was associated with a higher rate of MR4.5, fewer failures, progressions, and deaths. CONCLUSION: Socio-demographic co-variates have a strong impact on therapy choice and responses in persons with newly-diagnosed CML, including circumstances of diagnosis, risk category and prognosis, use of initial TKI, switching TKIs, response to TKI-therapy, and outcomes.

4.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33673705

RESUMO

The current study aimed to investigate the evolution of gut microbiota and its influencing factors for NXP in youth. The results showed that Shannon index increased from d 21 to d 28 whereas the ACE index increased from d 21 until d 60. Firmicutes, mainly Lactobacillus dominated on d 21. The Bacteroides and Spirochetes showed highest relative abundance on d 28. Fiber-degrading bacteria, mainly Prevotellaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Ruminococcaceae, Muribaculaceae, and Oscillospiraceae_UCG-002, dominated the microbial communities at d 28 and d 35. The microbial communities at d 60 and d 75 contained more Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, Terrisporobacter and Oscillospiraceae_UCG-005 than other ages, which had significantly positive correlations with acetate and total SCFAs concentration. In conclusion, the evolution of gut microbiota was mainly adapted to the change of dietary factors during NXP growth. The response of fiber-degrading bacteria at different stages may help NXP better adapt to plant-derived feeds.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 772: 145036, 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578148

RESUMO

In this study, brominated flame retardants (BFRs), including 13 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and 17 novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs) are determined in 18 species (including plankton, invertebrate, and fish) from Bohai Sea, China. Trophic transfer of these compounds is also assessed in the marine food web. Significant trophic magnification (p < 0.01) for 11 PBDE congeners (BDE-17, BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-49, BDE-66, BDE-85, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-153, BDE154 and BDE-183) is observed. No significant correlation is observed for BDE-138 (p = 0.06), and significant trophic dilution is observed for BDE-209 (p < 0.0001). In PBDEs, BDE-66 has the highest TMF value of 3.9 (95% confidence interval (CI): 3.2-4.7), followed by BDE-47 (TMF: 3.8, 95% CI: 2.6-5.4) and BDE-28 (3.0, 2.2-4.1). For NBFRs, ATE, TBECH (include α- and ß-isomer), PBBZ, TBCO (include α- and ß-isomer), PBT, DPTE, HBBZ, PBBA, BTBPE, PBEB and HCDBCO are observed significant trophic magnification (p < 0.01), significant trophic dilution is observed for BATE (p < 0.01), DBDPE (p < 0.001) and OBIND (p < 0.0001), no significant correlation is observed for p-TBX (p = 0.77). In NBFRs, PBT has the highest TMF value of 4.5 (95% CI: 3.1-6.3), followed by PBEB (TMF: 4.0, 95% CI: 2.1-7.6) and HCDBCO (3.9, 3.1-5.0). Regression analysis between KOW and TMF values of BFRs suggest that TMF values have a trend of first rising and then falling against the values of log KOW. Generally, chemicals with higher KOW value have stronger trophic magnification capacity than those with lower ones, but due to the influence of bioavailability, the trophic magnification ability of the superhydrophobic compounds may be inhibited. To our best knowledge, this is the first report of trophic transfer of NBFRs in marine food web and trophic transfer of 9 NBFRs (α-TBECH, p-TBX, BATE, PBBZ, α-TBCO, ß-TBCO, DPTE, OBIND, and HCDBCO) in aquatic food web.


Assuntos
Retardadores de Chama , Hidrocarbonetos Bromados , Animais , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Peixes , Retardadores de Chama/análise , Cadeia Alimentar , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Bromados/análise
6.
Am J Hematol ; 96(5): 561-570, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606900

RESUMO

Globally, postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal death. Women with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) are at increased risk of developing PPH. Early identification of PPH helps to prevent adverse outcomes, but is underused because clinicians do not have a tool to predict PPH for women with ITP. We therefore conducted a nationwide multicenter retrospective study to develop and validate a prediction model of PPH in patients with ITP. We included 432 pregnant women (677 pregnancies) with primary ITP from 18 academic tertiary centers in China from January 2008 to August 2018. A total of 157 (23.2%) pregnancies experienced PPH. The derivation cohort included 450 pregnancies. For the validation cohort, we included 117 pregnancies in the temporal validation cohort and 110 pregnancies in the geographical validation cohort. We assessed 25 clinical parameters as candidate predictors and used multivariable logistic regression to develop our prediction model. The final model included seven variables and was named MONITOR (maternal complication, WHO bleeding score, antepartum platelet transfusion, placental abnormalities, platelet count, previous uterine surgery, and primiparity). We established an easy-to-use risk heatmap and risk score of PPH based on the seven risk factors. We externally validated this model using both a temporal validation cohort and a geographical validation cohort. The MONITOR model had an AUC of 0.868 (95% CI 0.828-0.909) in internal validation, 0.869 (95% CI 0.802-0.937) in the temporal validation, and 0.811 (95% CI 0.713-0.908) in the geographical validation. Calibration plots demonstrated good agreement between MONITOR-predicted probability and actual observation in both internal validation and external validation. Therefore, we developed and validated a very accurate prediction model for PPH. We hope that the model will contribute to more precise clinical care, decreased adverse outcomes, and better health care resource allocation.

7.
Soft Matter ; 17(11): 3216-3221, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624662

RESUMO

Photo-responsive cholesteric liquid crystals (CLCs) have attracted much attention due to the dynamic tunability of their unique helical superstructure. However, it is still a challenge to endow the mechanical properties and to regulate the reflection colors at the same time. In this work, a simple strategy is developed for the construction of thermo-responsive CLC physical gels via the direct mixing of photo-responsive dopants and a gelator with nematic LCs. The reflection colors of CLCs and the mechanical properties of gels can be independently regulated due to the separation of the photo-responsive chiral group from the gelator. In addition, the CLC reflection colors can be regulated via visible light in the range of RGB with long-lived thermal stability. Finally, the information storage properties of this kind of CLC gel have been investigated.

8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(1): 43-48, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554795

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predict significance of the high aldehyde dehydrogenase activity (ALDH+) propitiation to the relapse of t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia(AML) patients before and after treatment. METHODS: Bone marrow samples of 23 t(8;21) AML patients diagnosis and achieved complete remission in our hospital from April 2015 to June 2016 were collected, then flow cytometry method was used to detect the activity of ALDH, relationship between it and relapse was analyzed. RESULTS: All the patients were followed up for a median of 32 (2-52) months. The median percentage of CD34+CD38- and CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells among nucleated cells were 2.7 (0.36-35.7)% and 0.017 (0.0013-0.62)% at diagnosis, respectively. Among the bone marrow samples in patients achieved CR, the median percentage of CD34+CD38- cells was 0.035 (0.0064-0.66)%, and it was significantly decreased as compared with the percentage at diagnosis (P<0.001); The median percentage of CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells was 0.014 (0.0019-0.24)%, and it showed no different as compared with the percentage at diagnosis (P=0.45). Survival analysis showed that patients with higher percentage of CD34+CD38- and CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells at diagnosis tended to the lower 3-year relapse-free survival (RFS) (P=0.27 and 0.21). Furthermore, patients with higher percentage of CD34+CD38- and CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells when achieved CR had a significant lower 3-year RFS rates (P=0.010 and 0.0044) as compared with those with lower percentage of CD34+CD38- and CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells. Multivariate analysis showed that higher percentage of CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells when achieved CR was an independent factor affecting RFS of the patients. CONCLUSION: The percentage of CD34+CD38-ALDH+ cells at CR in t(8;21) AML patients could predicts relapse, and had more profound predictive significance for relapse than the percentage of CD34+CD38- cells.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , ADP-Ribosil Ciclase 1 , Antígenos CD34 , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e24389, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the methodological quality of systematic reviews (SRs) or meta-analysis of trastuzumab-based therapy for breast cancer. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of science, Cochrane library, international prospective register of systematic reviews, Chinese BioMedical Literature Database, Wan Fang, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and VIP database for SRs or meta-analysis. The methodological quality of included literatures was appraised by risk of bias in systematic review (ROBIS) tool. RESULTS: Twenty three eligible systematic reviews or meta-analysis were included. Only 2 systematic reviews provided protocol. The most frequently searched databases were PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane. The two-reviewers model described in the screening for eligible original articles, data extraction, and methodological quality evaluation had 30%, 61%, and 26%, respectively. In methodological quality assessment, 52% SRs or meta-analysis used the Jadad scoring or Cochrane reviewer' handbook. Research question were well matched to all SRs or meta-analysis in phase 1 and 35% of them evaluated "high" risk bias in study eligibility criteria. The "high" risk of bias in all non-Cochrane SRs or meta-analyses, which involve methods used to identify and/or select studies. And more than half SRs or meta-analysis had a high risk of bias in data collection and study appraisal. More than two-third of SRs or meta-analysis were accomplished with high risk of bias in the synthesis and findings. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicated poor methodological and reporting quality of SRs/meta-analysis assessing trastuzumab-based therapy for breast cancer. Registration or publishing the protocol and the reporting followed the PRISMA checklist are recommended in future research.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto/normas , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico , Viés , Feminino , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas
10.
Phytopathology ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599530

RESUMO

Chinese wheat landrace Anyuehong (AYH) has displayed high levels of stable adult-plant resistance (APR) to stripe rust for more than 15 years. To identify QTL for stripe rust resistance in AYH, a set of 110 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) was developed from a cross between AYH and susceptible cultivar Taichung 29. The parents and RILs were evaluated for final disease severity (FDS) in six field tests with a mixture of predominant Pst races at the adult-plant stage and genotyped using the wheat 55K SNP array to construct a genetic map with 1,143 SNP markers. Three QTL, designated as QYr.AYH-1AS, QYr.AYH-5BL and QYr.AYH-7DS, were mapped on chromosome 1AS, 5BL and 7DS, respectively. RILs combining three QTL showed significantly reduced FDS compared with the lines in other combinations. Of them, QYr.AYH-5BL and QYr.AYH-7DS were stably detected in all environments, explaining 13.6-21.4% and 17.6-33.6% of phenotypic variation, respectively. Compared with previous studies, QYr.AYH-5BL may be a new QTL, while QYr.AYH-7DS may be Yr18. Haplotype analysis revealed that QYr.AYH-5BL is likely present in 6.2% of the 323 surveyed Chinese wheat landraces. The Kompetitive allele specific PCR (KASP) markers for QYr.AYH-5BL were developed by the linked SNP markers to successfully confirm the effects of the QTL in a validation population derived from a residual heterozygous line, and were further assessed in 38 Chinese wheat landraces and 92 cultivars. Our results indicated that QYr.AYH-5BL with linked KASP markers should have potential value for marker-assisted selection to improve stripe rust resistance in breeding programs.

11.
Hum Genet ; 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433679

RESUMO

Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is a neurocristopathy characterized by the absence of enteric ganglia along variable lengths of the intestine. Genetic defects play a major role in HSCR pathogenesis with nearly 50% of patients having a structural or regulatory deficiency in the major susceptibility gene RET. However, complete molecular defects remain poorly characterized in most patients. Here, we performed detailed genetic, molecular, and populational investigations of rare null mutations and modifiers at the RET locus. We first verified the pathogenicity of three RET splice site mutants (c.1879 + 1G > A, c.2607 + 5G > A and c.2608-3C > G) at the RNA level. We also identified significantly higher risk allele (genotype) frequencies, and their over-transmission, from unaffected parents to affected offspring of three functionally independent enhancer variants (rs2506030, rs7069590 and rs2435357, with odd ratios (OR) of 2.09, 2.71 and 7.59, respectively, P < 0.001). These three common variants are in significant (P < 4.64 × 10-186) linkage disequilibrium in the Han Chinese population with ~ 60% of them carrying at least one copy and > 10% with two copies. We show that RET compound inheritance of rare and common variants prevails in 64% (seven out of 11) of Chinese HSCR families. This study supports the idea that common RET variants can modify the penetrance of rare null RET mutations in HSCR, and the combined high susceptibility allele dosage may constitute the unique raised "risk baseline" among the Chinese population.

12.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33449895

RESUMO

The intersecting cortical model (ICM), initially designed for image processing, is a special case of the biologically inspired pulse-coupled neural-network (PCNN) models. Although the ICM has been widely used, few studies concern the internal activities and firing conditions of the neuron, which may lead to an invalid model in the application. Furthermore, the lack of theoretical analysis has led to inappropriate parameter settings and consequent limitations on ICM applications. To address this deficiency, we first study the continuous firing condition of ICM neurons to determine the restrictions that exist between network parameters and the input signal. Second, we investigate the neuron pulse period to understand the neural firing mechanism. Third, we derive the relationship between the continuous firing condition and the neural pulse period, and the relationship can prove the validity of the continuous firing condition and the neural pulse period as well. A solid understanding of the neural firing mechanism is helpful in setting appropriate parameters and in providing a theoretical basis for widespread applications to use the ICM model effectively. Extensive experiments of numerical tests with a common image reveal the rationality of our theoretical results.

13.
Ann Hematol ; 100(5): 1203-1212, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33474629

RESUMO

Core binding factor acute myeloid leukemia (CBF-AML), including cases with KIT mutation, is currently defined as a low-risk AML. However, some patients have poor response to treatment, and the prognostic significance of KIT mutation is still controversial. This study aimed to explore the prognostic significance of different KIT mutation subtypes and minimal residual disease (MRD) in CBF-AML. We retrospectively evaluated continuous patients diagnosed with CBF-AML in our center between January 2014 and April 2019. Of the 215 patients, 147 (68.4%) and 68 (31.6%) patients were RUNX1-RUNX1T1- and CBFB-MYH11 positive, respectively. KIT mutations were found in 71 (33.0%) patients; of them, 38 (53.5%) had D816/D820 mutations. After excluding 10 patients who died or were lost to follow-up within a half year, 42.0% (n = 86) of the remaining 205 patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). An MRD > 0.1% at the end of two cycles of consolidation predicted relapse (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that D816 or D820 mutations and MRD > 0.1% at the end of two cycles of consolidation were independent adverse factors affecting relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). Allo-HSCT could improve RFS (74.4% vs. 34.6%, P < 0.001) and OS (78.1% vs. 52.3%, P = 0.002). In conclusion, high-risk CBF-AML patients must be identified before treatment. D816/D820 mutation, MRD > 0.1% at the end of two cycles of consolidation chemotherapy predicted poor survivals, and allo-HSCT can improve the survival of properly identified patients.

14.
J Fluoresc ; 31(2): 475-485, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433818

RESUMO

By tactfully structuring a luminescent molecule as an accurate pH probe with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) feature, it is significant to overcome aggregation-caused quenching of emitted light in practice. Herein, we present a simple AIE-active fluorescence probe for pH detection on the basis of intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) with wide response range and high sensitivity reaction. The donor-acceptor-donor (D-A-D) style probe utilized a conjugated structural hybrid of the electron-withdrawing nitrile group and electron-donating hydroxyl as well as dimethylamino groups for fluorescent platform. The AIE-active probe possesses good fluorescence under water fraction up to 90% in mixed MeOH/water system. Furthermore, it can be used in profiling and visualization of pH detection in MeOH/water system at fw = 90% under UV 365 nm lamp. What's more, the probe can be employed to be a broad range test paper of pH detection, paving the way for low-cost practical applications.

15.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 54(2): e10394, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33439933

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been indicated to be frequently dysregulated in various cancers and promising biomarkers for colon cancer. The present study aimed to assess the prognostic significance and biological function of miR-1273a in colon cancer. The expression levels of miR-1273a was estimated using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of miR-1273a in patients of colon cancer. The effects of miR-1273a on cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were investigated by cell experiments. The expression of miR-1273a was downregulated in colon cancer tissues and tumor cell lines compared with the normal controls (all P<0.001). The aberrant expression of miR-1273a was associated with vascular invasion (P=0.005), differentiation (P=0.023), lymph node metastasis (P=0.021), and TNM stage (P=0.004). The patients with low miR-1273a expression had low overall survival compared with the patients with high miR-1273a expression (log-rank P=0.002). miR-1273a was detected to be an independent prognostic biomarker for patients. Furthermore, the results of cell experiments revealed that miR-1273a downregulation promoted, while miR-1273a upregulation suppressed the cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. In conclusion, all data indicated that a downregulated expression of miR-1273a predicted poor prognosis for colon cancer and enhanced tumor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Thus, we suggest that methods to promote miR-1273a expression may serve as novel therapeutic strategies in colon cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico , MicroRNAs/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica
16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(1)2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33406615

RESUMO

Grain number per rice panicle, which directly determines grain yield, is an important agronomic trait for rice breeding and yield-related research. However, manually counting grains of rice per panicle is time-consuming, laborious, and error-prone. In this research, a grain detection model was proposed to automatically recognize and count grains on primary branches of a rice panicle. The model used image analysis based on deep learning convolutional neural network (CNN), by integrating the feature pyramid network (FPN) into the faster R-CNN network. The performance of the grain detection model was compared to that of the original faster R-CNN model and the SSD model, and it was found that the grain detection model was more reliable and accurate. The accuracy of the grain detection model was not affected by the lighting condition in which images of rice primary branches were taken. The model worked well for all rice branches with various numbers of grains. Through applying the grain detection model to images of fresh and dry branches, it was found that the model performance was not affected by the grain moisture conditions. The overall accuracy of the grain detection model was 99.4%. Results demonstrated that the model was accurate, reliable, and suitable for detecting grains of rice panicles with various conditions.

17.
Chemosphere ; 266: 129194, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33316476

RESUMO

The overuse of antibiotics and subsequent enrichment of antibiotic resistant microbes in the natural and built environments is a severe threat to global public health. In this study, a Phanerochaete chrysosporium fungal-luffa fiber system was found to efficiently biodegrade two sulfonamides, sulfadimethoxine (SDM) and sulfadizine (SDZ), in cow urine wastewater. Biodegradation pathways were proposed on the basis of key metabolites identified using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC-QqTOF-MS). Transcriptomic, metabolomic, and free radical analyses were performed to explore the functional groups and detailed molecular mechanisms of SDM and SDZ degradation. A total of 27 UniGene clusters showed significant differences between luffa fiber and luffa fiber-free systems, which were significantly correlated to cellulose catabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, and oxidoreductase activity. Carbohydrate-active enzymes and oxidoreductases appear to play particularly important roles in SDM and SDZ degradation. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy revealed the generation and evolution of OH and R during the biodegradation of SDM and SDZ, suggesting that beyond enzymatic degradation, SDM and SDZ were also transformed through a free radical pathway. Luffa fiber also acts as a co-substrate to improve the activity of enzymes for the degradation of SDM and SDZ. This research provides a potential strategy for removing SDM and SDZ from agricultural and industrial wastewater using fungal-luffa fiber systems.


Assuntos
Luffa , Phanerochaete , Biodegradação Ambiental , Phanerochaete/genética , Sulfonamidas , Transcriptoma
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10394, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153512

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been indicated to be frequently dysregulated in various cancers and promising biomarkers for colon cancer. The present study aimed to assess the prognostic significance and biological function of miR-1273a in colon cancer. The expression levels of miR-1273a was estimated using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of miR-1273a in patients of colon cancer. The effects of miR-1273a on cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were investigated by cell experiments. The expression of miR-1273a was downregulated in colon cancer tissues and tumor cell lines compared with the normal controls (all P<0.001). The aberrant expression of miR-1273a was associated with vascular invasion (P=0.005), differentiation (P=0.023), lymph node metastasis (P=0.021), and TNM stage (P=0.004). The patients with low miR-1273a expression had low overall survival compared with the patients with high miR-1273a expression (log-rank P=0.002). miR-1273a was detected to be an independent prognostic biomarker for patients. Furthermore, the results of cell experiments revealed that miR-1273a downregulation promoted, while miR-1273a upregulation suppressed the cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. In conclusion, all data indicated that a downregulated expression of miR-1273a predicted poor prognosis for colon cancer and enhanced tumor cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Thus, we suggest that methods to promote miR-1273a expression may serve as novel therapeutic strategies in colon cancer.

19.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124131, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002784

RESUMO

In this study, the multiple effects of granular activated carbon (GAC) on sludge anaerobic digestion at ambient (16-24 °C), mesophilic (35 °C) and thermophilic (55 °C) temperature were investigated. After GAC addition, although the methane yields of raw sludge were reduced by 6.5%-36.9%, the lag phases of methanogenesis were shortened by 19.3%-30.6% and the reductions of methane yields were declined to only 5.9%-8.1% simultaneously for pretreated sludge. The inhibitory substances like phenols that generated by thermal pretreatment were reduced after GAC addition, which were demonstrated to be responsible for the methanogenic acceleration. Meanwhile, the methane reduction due to the non-selective adsorption by GAC could be mitigated by pretreatment and elevated temperature. Thus, a strategy coupling thermal pretreatment with detoxification by GAC was proposed to improve the methane production rate and avoid the negative effects during sludge anaerobic digestion with GAC addition.


Assuntos
Metano , Esgotos , Aceleração , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Carvão Vegetal
20.
Ticks Tick Borne Dis ; 12(1): 101554, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002807

RESUMO

Methionine aminopeptidases (MetAPs), which remove the initiator methionine from nascent peptides, are essential in all organisms and considered to be a valuable targets for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer, malaria, and bacterial infections. However, MetAPs have not been reported in hard ticks (family Ixodidae), and their bioinformatics characterisation in tick's genome sequences is limited. In this study, we cloned, identified, and characterised a novel MetAP from Ixodes persulcatus, a vector for pathogens causing Lyme borreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis. The sequence analysis showed that I. persulcatus MetAP was a type 1 enzyme carrying C-terminal motifs conserved in the M24A family of metallopeptidases. Protein-protein docking simulations using human MetAP revealed conservation of substrate and metal-binding residues in the catalytic site cleft of the novel enzyme, which was designated IpMetAP. Recombinant IpMetAP expressed in Escherichia coli revealed its significant enzymatic activity with the synthetic substrate H-Met-4-methyl-coumaryl-7-amide at pH 7.5 with Km of 0.014 mM, kcat of 0.25 s-1, and overall catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of 18.36 mM-1 s-1. The activity of IpMetAP was enhanced by the addition of divalent cations Mn2+ and Co2+ and significantly inhibited by EDTA and bestatin. Site-directed mutagenesis of conserved amino acids indicated that the substitution of metal-binding residues D226 and H288 completely abolished the IpMetAP enzymatic activity, whereas that of the other sites had only moderate effects on substrate hydrolysis. The catalytic properties of IpMetAP suggest that the enzyme behaves similar to other MetAPs and such characterization expands our knowledge of aminopeptidases and protein metabolism of tick.

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