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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17520, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that dry CO2 insufflation during laparoscopic colorectal surgery results in greater structural injury to the peritoneum and longer hospital stay than the use of warm, humidified CO2. We aimed to test the hypothesis that warm, humidified CO2 insufflation could reduce postoperative pain and improve recovery in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: One hundred fifty elderly patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery under general anesthesia from May 2017 to October 2018 were randomly divided into 3 groups. The primary outcomes were resting pain, cough pain, and consumption of sufentanil at 2, 4, 6, 12, 24, and 48 hours postoperatively. Quality of visual image, hemodynamic changes, esophageal temperature, mean skin temperature, mean body temperature, recovery time, days to first flatus and solid food intake, shivering, incidence of postoperative ileus, length of hospital stay, surgical site infections, patients and surgeon satisfaction scores, adverse events, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and thrombin time were recorded. RESULTS: Group CE patients were associated with significantly higher early postoperative cough pain and sufentanil consumption than the other 2 groups (P < .05). Compared with group CE, patients in both groups WH and CF had significantly reduced intraoperative hypothermia, recovery time of PACU, days to first flatus and solid food intake, and length of hospital stay, while the satisfaction scores of both patients and surgeon were significantly higher (P < .05). Prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and thrombin time were significantly higher in group CE from 60 minutes after pneumoperitoneum to the end of pneumoperitoneum than the other 2 groups (P < .05). The number of patients with a shivering grade of 0 was significantly lower and grade of 3 was significantly higher in group CE than in the other 2 groups (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Use of either warm, humidified CO2 insufflations or 20°C, 0% relative humidity CO2 combined with forced-air warmer set to 38°C during insufflations can both reduce intraoperative hypothermia, dysfunction of coagulation, early postoperative cough pain, sufentanil consumption, days to first flatus, solid food intake, and length of hospital stay.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia Colorretal/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Peritônio/lesões , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Cirurgia Colorretal/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Feminino , Humanos , Umidade/efeitos adversos , Hipotermia/etiologia , Insuflação/métodos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Tremor por Sensação de Frio/fisiologia , Sufentanil/administração & dosagem , Sufentanil/uso terapêutico
2.
Toxicol Mech Methods ; 29(8): 569-579, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31161897

RESUMO

The present study investigated the alterations in nerve function and its potential mechanism of offspring result from the decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE209) orally gavage (0, 1.5, and 225 mg/kg.d body weight) in pregnant and lactating mice. Weight gain and litter size of maternal mice and body weight of offspring were examined. Learning and memory abilities of offspring were tested by the Morris water maze experiment. Thyroid hormones (THs) concentrations in peripheral blood of offspring were detected by the chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay. Relative mRNA expression of type 1 iodothyronine deiodinase (dio1), type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase (dio2), and type 3 iodothyronine deiodinase (dio3) in the livers and brains of offspring were measured by QRT-PCR (quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction). Protein expression of dio3 in the livers and brains of offspring was measured by Western blot. All indexes of offspring were tested at postnatal day (PND) 21 and PND 60, respectively. As a result, administration of BDE209 decreased weight gain and litter size of maternal mice, and reduced body weight of offspring mice, prolonged escape latency and declined guardant time of offspring in the Morris water maze experiment. Moreover, BDE209 elevated serum levels of total thyroxine (T4), total triiodothyronine (T3), free T4, and free T3 in offspring. In addition, maternal exposure to BDE209 inhibited dio1, dio2, dio3 mRNA expression in the livers of offspring, while elevated dio1 mRNA expression and reduced dio3 mRNA expression in the brains of offspring. BDE209 also inhibited the protein expression of dio3 in the livers and brains of offspring. These results indicate that BDE209 exposure to pregnant and lactating mice can cause disruption in serum THs of offspring by altering mRNA and protein expression of iodothyronine deiodinases, which might consequently result in neurologic impairment of offspring mice.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Iodeto Peroxidase/genética , Exposição Materna/efeitos adversos , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Feminino , Lactação , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Gravidez , Natação , Hormônios Tireóideos/sangue
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