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1.
Opt Express ; 28(5): 6071-6083, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32225864

RESUMO

In this paper, a localized surface-plasmon resonance (LSPR) biosensor, which uses a U-shaped multi-mode fiber (U-MMF), is introduced and investigated. It is modified with a complex of three-dimensional (3D) gold nanoparticles and multilayer graphene as spacer: n*(Au/G)@U-MMF, where n denotes the layer number of gold nanoparticles. The gold nanoparticles were synthesized by reducing chloroauric acid. Graphene films were formed using a liquid/chemical method. The number of gold-nanoparticle layers was found to be critical for the performance of the sensor. Moreover, using the finite-difference time domain, 3D nanostructures, with a wide range of gold-nanoparticle layers, were explored. The sensor showed the sensitivity of 1251.44 nm/RIU, as well as high stability and repeatability; for the measurement-process of time- and concentration-dependent DNA hybridization kinetics with detection concentrations, ranging from 0.1nM to 100 nM, the sensor displayed excellent performance, which points towards a vast potential in the field of medical diagnostics.

2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 20(4)2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059555

RESUMO

A highly sensitive Au-graphene structure D-type fiber surface plasmon resonance biosensor is presented in this study to specifically detect biomolecules. The method of growing graphene is employed directly on the copper, and then a gold film of optimum thickness is sputtered, and the copper foil is etched to obtain the structure. This method makes the contact closer between the gold layer and the graphene layer to improve surface plasmon resonance performance. The performance of this type of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor has been previously verified both theoretically and experimentally. With the proposed Au-graphene structure D-type fiber biosensor, the SPR behaviors are obtained and discussed. In the detection of ethanol solution, a red shift of 40 nm is found between the refractive index of 1.3330 and 1.3657. By calculation, the sensitivity of the sensor we designed is 1223 nm/RIU. Besides, the proposed sensor can detect the nucleotide bonding between the double-stranded DNA helix structures. Thus, our sensors can distinguish between mismatched DNA sequences.

3.
Appl Opt ; 58(28): 7897-7903, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674478

RESUMO

In this paper, a novel high-energy mode-locked fiber laser based on the nonlinear polarization rotation (NPR) technique is presented to generate 331 nJ rectangular pulses. When pump power was 2659 mW, the maximum output power would be 102.3 mW; the maximum peak power was 41.74 W under the pump power of 1766 mW. In this study, the use of two homemade laser diodes and other common fiber devices was a vital step to achieve the low-cost and high-efficiency NPR mode-locked fiber laser. Based on these results, a novel approach could be developed to realize a high-energy rectangular pulse and promote the practical applications of the NPR mode-locked fiber laser in the field of ultrafast photonics.

4.
Opt Express ; 27(17): 24670-24681, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510352

RESUMO

In this study, the output energy in topological insulators (TIs)-based Erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) was improved using two strategies: bidirectional pumped laser cavity and saturable absorber (SA) with high damage threshold and large modulation depth. Using the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method, Bismuth Selenide (Bi2Se3) film was synthesized and improved to a SA. Employing this CVD-Bi2Se3 SA in an EDFL, bright and bright-dark soliton operations were achieved. The average output power/pulse energy was 82.6 mW/48.3 nJ and 81.2 mW/47.5 nJ, respectively. The results demonstrate that CVD-Bi2Se3 can act as an excellent performance material to improve output power performance in TISA-based EDFL.

5.
Opt Express ; 27(18): 25091-25106, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510388

RESUMO

We report a structure to form a hybrid system in which a mesh is sandwiched between Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) and Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs). This self-assembly method uses smaller and denser AgNPs "hot spots" that are spin-coated on a AuNPs@GO mesh nanostructure formed by the reaction of GO@MoS2 and HAuCl4 to form AuNPs@GO mesh@AgNPs SERS substrates. Sub-40-nm mesh and 10-nm gaps ensure the landing sites and spacing of the AgNPs. Consequently, the design integrates the strong plasmonic effects of AgNPs and AuNPs with the biological compatibility of the GO mesh. Crystal violet (CV) as low as 10-15 M can be detected, which confirms the ultrahigh sensitivity of AuNPs@GO mesh@AgNPs. Furthermore, the reproducibility, stability, and finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations confirm the value of this SERS substrate. This material can be used for label-free DNA detection, and the AuNPs@GO mesh@AgNPs substrate facilitated single-molecule DNA detection limits.

6.
Appl Opt ; 58(22): 6007-6011, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503920

RESUMO

In this study, a high-energy noise-like mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser in a linear cavity was achieved with SnS2-polyvinyl alcohol film as the saturable absorber. In addition, the nonlinear saturable absorption characteristics of the SnS2 were investigated experimentally. The saturation intensity and modulation depth were about 6.01 MW/cm2 and 8.68%, respectively. Under pump power of 422 mW, stable noise-like mode-locked operation with a maximum output power and largest single pulse energy of 9.50 mW and 18.1 nJ, respectively, was obtained. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to observe and experimentally investigate noise-like operation in a linear laser cavity. Our study may provide some valuable design guidelines for noise-like operation and create new directions for advanced photonic devices based on SnS2.

7.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(8)2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408969

RESUMO

In this paper, a graphene/ITO nanorod metamaterial/U-bent-annealing (Gr/ITO-NM/U-bent-A)-based U-bent optical fiber local surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) sensor is presented and demonstrated for DNA detection. The proposed sensor, compared with other conventional sensors, exhibits higher sensitivity, lower cost, as well as better biological affinity and oxidize resistance. Besides, it has a structure of an original Indium Tin Oxides (ITO) nanocolumn array coated with graphene, allowing the sensor to exert significant bulk plasmon resonance effect. Moreover, for its discontinuous structure, a larger specific surface area is created to accommodate more biomolecules, thus maximizing the biological properties. The fabricated sensors exhibit great performance (690.7 nm/RIU) in alcohol solution testing. Furthermore, it also exhibits an excellent linear response (R2 = 0.998) to the target DNA with respective concentrations from 0.1 to 100 nM suggesting the promising medical applications of such sensors.

8.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(9)2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466375

RESUMO

In this study, a double-end pumped high-power passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) was realized by employing a few-layered In2Se3 flakes as a saturable absorber (SA). Herein, the uniform large-scale In2Se3 flakes were synthesized by the physical vapor deposition (PVD) method. The PVD-In2Se3 SA exhibited a remarkable damage threshold of higher than 24 mJ/cm2. Meanwhile, the PVD-In2Se3 SA had a modulation depth and saturable intensity of 18.75% and 6.8 MW/cm2, respectively. Based on the In2Se3 SA, the stable bright pulses emitting at 1559.4 nm with an average output power/pulse energy/pulse duration of 122.4 mW/5.8 nJ/14.4 ns were obtained successfully. To our knowledge, 122.4 mW was the new major breakthrough of mode-locked Er-doped fiber lasers. In addition, this is the first demonstration of the dark-bright pulse pair generation based on In2Se3 SA. The maximum average output power of the dark-bright pulse reached 121.2 mW, which also showed significant enhancement in comparison with previous works. Our excellent experiment results fully prove the superiority of our experimental design scheme and indicate that the PVD-In2Se3 could operate as a promising highly-nonlinear photonic material for a high-power fiber laser.

9.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 14(1): 248, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342195

RESUMO

Herein, a magnetic graphene field-effect transistor biosensor was prepared through the transfer of a chemical vapor deposition graphene film onto a glass substrate to produce a sensing film and conductive channel. By fixing 1-pyrenebutanoic acid succinimidyl ester onto graphene film as an anchor, a probe aptamer was immobilized on the graphene film in order to capture magnetically labeled complementary single-stranded DNA. Our experiments showed that, within a periodic magnetic field, the biosensor impedance exhibited a periodic oscillation, the amplitude of which was correlated to the complementary DNA concentration. Based on this principle, the magnetic graphene field-effect transistor was utilized to detect single-stranded DNA with detection limition of 1 pM. The results were rationalized using a model wherein the magnetic force causes the DNA strand to bend, thereby resulting in magnetic nanobeads/DNA modulation of the double conductive layer of graphene transistors. Furthermore, since a periodic magnetic field could be introduced to produce a periodic impedance changes of MGFETs, sampling integration could be used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio efficiently by increasing the number of periods of the external magnetic field. Therefore, a novel biosensor for DNA detection with high sensitivity has been presented in this work. Based on the detection principle, this system may also be a potential tool for detecting other bio-molecules, cells, etc.

10.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 9(5)2019 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060316

RESUMO

We demonstrate the generation of versatile mode-locked operations in an Er-doped fiber laser with an indium tin oxide (ITO) saturable absorber (SA). As an epsilon-near-zero material, ITO has been only used to fashion a mode-locked fiber laser as an ITO nanoparticle-polyvinyl alcohol SA. However, this type of SA cannot work at high power or ensure that the SA materials can be transmitted by the light. Thus, we covered the end face of a fiber with a uniform ITO film using the radio frequency magnetron sputtering technology to fabricate a novel ITO SA. Using this new type of SA, single-wavelength pulses, dual-wavelength pulses, and triple-wavelength multi-pulses were achieved easily. The pulse durations of these mode-locked operations were 1.67, 6.91, and 1 ns, respectively. At the dual-wavelength mode-locked state, the fiber laser could achieve an output power of 2.91 mW and a pulse energy of 1.48 nJ. This study reveals that such a proposed film-type ITO SA has excellent nonlinear absorption properties, which can promote the application of ITO film for ultrafast photonics.

11.
Appl Opt ; 58(10): 2695-2701, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045075

RESUMO

We reported on the generation of pulse bunch and large-energy dark pulses in a mode-locked ytterbium-doped linear-cavity fiber laser based on Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber (SA). Bi2Se3 nanosheets were successfully synthesized by the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method and transferred to the end facet of a fiber connector for the proposed SA. Its saturation intensity and modulation depth were measured to be 52 MW/cm2 and 14.5%, respectively. By inserting the Bi2Se3-based SA into the Yb-doped all-fiber linear cavity, stable pulse bunches were observed. In addition, dark soliton operation with a maximum average output power of 32.6 mW and a pulse energy of 61.8 nJ were also achieved. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a dark soliton within a linear cavity with much larger pulse energy than previous works. Our study fully indicated that CVD-Bi2Se3 could be an excellent SA for achieving large-energy pulse operations.

12.
Opt Express ; 27(3): 3000-3013, 2019 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732328

RESUMO

In recent years, biomaterials have increasingly attracted attention on surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) due to their well Raman performance while metal particles are combined with biological substrates. Therefore, we propose an environmentally friendly substrate based on silver-plated cicada wings with seamless graphene layer (Gr-AgNPs-C.w.), which can be prepared with a simple and inexpensive method. Compared with AgNPs-C.w., Gr-AgNPs-C.w. hybrids show better SERS performance with high sensitivity, good uniformity and good stability with R6G detection. The minimum detected concentration can reach 10-15 M, and the value of R2 can reach 0.996, respectively. Theoretical simulation demonstrates the situation of electromagnetic field through COMSOL software. In addition, due to the affinity of graphene for biomolecules, we can successfully detect the DNA biomolecules through a simple process. Therefore, this cheap and efficient natural SERS substrate has great potential for a considerable number of biochemical SERS applications and can broaden the way in which multiple SERS platforms derived from other natural materials are prepared.


Assuntos
DNA/análise , Grafite/química , Hemípteros/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Animais
13.
Opt Express ; 27(3): 3483-3495, 2019 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732368

RESUMO

A D-shape plastic optical fiber (D-POF) surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor based on the graphene/Au film (G/Au) was proposed and experimentally demonstrated for detection of DNA hybridization process. To improve the detection performance of SPR sensors, the Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) method was used to evaporate the Au film directly onto the graphene grown on copper foil, and the Au film acted as a role of traditional Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA). The process made graphene and Au film form seamless contact. Next, the G/Au was transferred onto the D-shape fiber together. We explored the G/Au SPR sensor by using the finite element method (FEM) and obtained the optimum materials thickness to form configuration. Compared to other plastic optical fiber experiments, the proposed sensor's sensitivity was improved effectively and calculated as 1227 nm/RIU in a range of glucose solution. Meanwhile, our proposed sensor successfully distinguishes hybridization and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) by observing the resonance wavelength change. It also exhibits a satisfactory linear response (R2 = 0.996) to the target DNA liquids with respective concentrations of 0.1nM to1µM, which shows this method's wide potential in medical diagnostics.

14.
Opt Express ; 26(18): 23831-23843, 2018 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30184879

RESUMO

The heterogeneous metal nanostructures have attracted great interest in various applications due to the synergistic effects between two noble metals, especially in surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) region. Herein, we prepared a 3D SERS active substrate based on heterogeneous and cross-distributed metal structure hybridized with MoS2by in situ synthesizing gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on MoS2 membrane. The AuNPs-AgNPs/MoS2/P-Si hybrid SERS substrate were characterized by a scanning electron microscope (SEM), a transmission electron microscope (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to investigate the character and the content of elements. In virtue of the heterogeneous and cross-distributed structure and ultra-narrow interparticle gap generating strong electric fields enhancement, the ultra-low concentration of probe molecule were detected (the LOD of 10-12 M for R6G and CV, 10-11 M for MG), serving the optimal SERS performance. The excellent uniformity and reproducibility were achieved by the proposed substrate. Moreover, the flexible MoS2/AuNPs-AgNPs/PMMA pyramidal SERS substrate was applied to detect melamine molecule in liquid milk (the LOD reached 10-9 M), which revealed great potential to be an outstanding SERS substrate for biological and chemical detection.

15.
Materials (Basel) ; 11(10)2018 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30261657

RESUMO

In the past half-century, surface plasmon resonance in noble metallic nanoparticles has been an important research subject. Recent advances in the synthesis, assembly, characterization, and theories of traditional and non-traditional metal nanostructures open a new pathway to the kaleidoscopic applications of plasmonics. However, accurate and precise models of plasmon resonance are still challenging, as its characteristics can be affected by multiple factors. We herein summarize the recent advances of plasmonic nanoparticles and their applications, particularly regarding the fundamentals and applications of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) in Au nanoparticles, plasmon-enhanced upconversion luminescence, and plasmonic chiral metasurfaces.

16.
Opt Express ; 26(17): 21546-21557, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30130861

RESUMO

It is very vital to construct the dense hot spots for the strong surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) signals. We take full advantage of the MoS2 edge-active sites induced from annealing the Ag film on the surface of the MoS2. Furthermore, the composite structure of Au-Ag bi-metal nanoparticles (NPs)/MoS2 hybrid with pyramid structure is obtained by the in situ grown AuNPs around AgNPs, which serves the optimal SERS performance (enhancement factor is ~9.67 × 109) in experiment. Due to the introduction of AuNPs with the simple method, the denser hot spots contribute greatly to the stronger local electric field, which is also confirmed by the finite-different time-domain (FDTD) simulation. Therefore, the ultralow limit of detection (the LOD of 10-13 and 10-12 M respectively for the resonant R6G and non-resonant CV), quantitative detection and excellent reproducibility are achieved by the proposed SERS substrate. For practical application, the melamine molecule is detected with the LOD of 10-10 M using the proposed SERS substrate that has the potential to be a food security sensor.

17.
Opt Express ; 26(17): 21626-21641, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30130866

RESUMO

The highly enhanced local electromagnetic field occurring through nanometer gap between the plamonic nanostructures provides the dominant contribution in surface enhancement Raman scattering (SERS) enhancement. Thence, we designed the remarkable SERS platform (AuNPs/WS2@AuNPs hybrids) by introducing bilayer WS2 film as the precise nanospacer. Bilayer WS2 film can realize the facile and tight combination with AuNPs via the thermal decomposition approach. Dense three-dimension (3D) hot spots provided by this hybrid plasmonic nanostructures are responsible for the extremely satisfying SERS performances. Using rhodamine 6G (R6G) as the probe molecules, the AuNPs/WS2@AuNPs hybrids perform the excellent sensitivity with the minimum detectable concentration as low as 10-11 M. Uniform and reproducible SERS signals illustrate that the synthesized SERS hybrids perform the splendid spot-to-spot reproducibility (RSD~5.4%) and substrate-to-substrate reproducibility (RSD~5.7%). The stability of AuNPs and the protection of WS2 film endow this hybrid plasmonic nanostructures with the brilliant anti-oxidation stability. Moreover, the enhanced electric field distribution simulated with the COMSOL software proves the remarkable SERS performance in theory. Therefore, AuNPs/WS2@AuNPs substrate not only widens the SERS research filed of WS2, but also shows vast potential as excellent SERS sensor for practical applicability.

18.
Opt Express ; 26(16): 20649-20660, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30119373

RESUMO

The novel fluorescent nanofiber membranes of CsPbX3 (FNMs/CPX, X = Cl, Br, I) with a wide photoluminescence range from 405 nm to 675 nm are fabricated by a one-step electrospinning method in this paper. Owing to the polymer cladding, these FNMs/CPX show much better thermal and humid stability compared to the common CsPbX3 particles, and the corresponding white light-emitting diode prepared by them also exhibits excellent optical properties. Without adopting any complicated processes, this method opens up a brand new way for the perovskite materials using in lighting and display fields.

19.
Nanoscale ; 10(13): 5897-5905, 2018 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29546897

RESUMO

We report a three-dimensional (3D) SERS substrate with different numbers of silver nanoparticle (Ag NP) layers using multilayer graphene oxide (GO) as a spacer. The SERS performance of the 3D nanostructure was investigated and it was found that the SERS effect increased as the number of Ag NP layers increased, and showed almost no change for more than four layers. We found that the SERS performance of the 3D nanostructures can be mainly attributed to the topmost hot spots which are closely related to the Ag NP layers in the 3D nanostructure. Furthermore, we explored 3D nanostructures with different Ag NP layers using the finite difference time domain method (FDTD). The 3D SERS substrates also exhibit excellent detection capability. The limit of detection (LOD) was calculated down to 10-15 M for R6G and 10-12 M for CV. In addition, the reproducibility of the 3D SERS substrate was attributed obviously to the increasing number of Ag NP layers. Based on these promising results, the highly sensitive detection of molecules such as malachite green was demonstrated for food safety inspection.

20.
Opt Express ; 25(17): 20631-20641, 2017 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29041742

RESUMO

The physical phenomenon, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), is mainly based on the local electromagnetic fields enhancement located at the nano-gaps between metal nanostructures attributed to localized surface plasmon resonance. Therefore, nano-gaps are very important for obtaining high-density hot spots and optimal and uniform SERS signals. However, it remains a challenge to form the three-dimensional ultra-narrow nano-gaps. Here, a gyrus-inspired Gyrus-SERS substrate was fabricated with the nanostructure of Ag gyrus/graphene/Au film using an extremely simple method. The lateral and vertical hot spots respectively were obtained from the dense nano-gaps (~3 nm) between gyrus and the coupling of Ag gyrus and Au film in bilayer graphene nano-gaps (0.68 nm), which were demonstrated in experiment and theory. The proposed Gyrus-SERS platform performs an excellent SERS activity (EF~5 × 109), high sensitivity (the minimum detected concentration of R6G and CV respectively is 10-13 and 10-12 M), and outstanding reproducibility (RSD~7.11%). For practical application, the in situ detection of Malachite green (MG) residue on prawn skin was executed using the prepared flexible Gyrus-SERS substrate, which shows the wide potential in food safety field.

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