Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 397
Filtrar
1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 273: 118544, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560956

RESUMO

Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) have been developed as building blocks for highly porous foams which are superior in thermal insulation. Unfortunately, the flammability and poor mechanical performance of CNF foams limited their practical applications. In this strategy, biopolymer sodium alginate, together with nontoxic boric acid and borate, were explored to play the roles of flame retardants for methyltrimethoxysilane cross-linked CNF foams. Their co-effects on preventing CNF foams from being ignited were revealed. The composite foams were self-extinguish and showed a considerably increased limited oxygen index (up to 39.5%). Additionally, the foams were flexible with good resilience and bendability. The eco-friendly foams with low thermal conductivity (0.028 W m-1 K-1 at 25 °C), flexibility, and non-ignitability can meet the satisfactory in energy-conservation, wide applicability, and use safety.

2.
Biomolecules ; 11(8)2021 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34439908

RESUMO

Edwardsiella tarda is a Gram-negative bacterial pathogen with a broad range of hosts, including fish and mammals. In the present study, we used an advanced antibody array technology to identify the expression pattern of cytokines induced by E. tarda in a mouse infection model. In total, 31 and 24 differentially expressed cytokines (DECs) were identified in the plasma at 6 h and 24 h post-infection (hpi), respectively. The DECs were markedly enriched in the Gene Ontology (GO) terms associated with cell migration and response to chemokine and in the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways associated with immunity, diseases, and infection. Ten key DECs, including IL6 and TNF-α, were found to form extensive protein-protein interaction networks. IL6 was demonstrated to inhibit E. tarda infection and be required for E. tarda-induced inflammatory response. TNF-α also exerted an inhibitory effect on E. tarda infection, and knockdown of fish (Japanese flounder) TNF-α promoted E. tarda invasion in host cells. Together, the results of this study revealed a comprehensive profile of cytokines induced by E. tarda, thus adding new insights into the role of cytokine-associated immunity against bacterial infection and also providing the potential plasma biomarkers of E. tarda infection for future studies.

3.
Org Lett ; 2021 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382812

RESUMO

A Co-catalyzed cyclization reaction of isocyanides, azides, and amines to access quinazoline derivatives was described. This protocol features a high atom economy, mild reaction conditions, excellent yields, and a broad substrate scope. This cascade reaction involved three or four C-N bonds and the formation of one or two rings. The quinazolin-4(H)-imines obtained are proven to be versatile intermediates for further valuable transformations. It was also found that the cobalt catalyst could be isolated from the reaction mixture and reused.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16849, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413349

RESUMO

We developed end-to-end deep learning models using whole slide images of adults diagnosed with diffusely infiltrating, World Health Organization (WHO) grade 2 gliomas to predict prognosis and the mutation status of a somatic biomarker, isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1/2. The models, which utilize ResNet-18 as a backbone, were developed and validated on 296 patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. To account for the small sample size, repeated random train/test splits were performed for hyperparameter tuning, and the out-of-sample predictions were pooled for evaluation. Our models achieved a concordance- (C-) index of 0.715 (95% CI: 0.569, 0.830) for predicting prognosis and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.667 (0.532, 0.784) for predicting IDH mutations. When combined with additional clinical information, the performance metrics increased to 0.784 (95% CI: 0.655, 0.880) and 0.739 (95% CI: 0.613, 0.856), respectively. When evaluated on the WHO grade 3 gliomas from the TCGA dataset, which were not used for training, our models predicted survival with a C-index of 0.654 (95% CI: 0.537, 0.768) and IDH mutations with an AUC of 0.814 (95% CI: 0.721, 0.897). If validated in a prospective study, our method could potentially assist clinicians in managing and treating patients with diffusely infiltrating gliomas.

5.
Nanoscale Horiz ; 6(10): 791-800, 2021 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346467

RESUMO

Water-soluble low molecular weight drugs, such as the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone (DXM), can easily leak out of nanocarriers after encapsulation due to their hydrophilic nature and small size. This can lead to a reduced therapeutic efficacy and therefore to unwanted adverse effects on healthy tissue. Targeting DXM to inflammatory cells of the liver like Kupffer cells or macrophages is a promising approach to minimize typical side effects. Therefore, a controlled transport to the cells of interest and selective on-site release is crucial. Aim of this study was the development of a DXM-phosphate-based polyprodrug and the encapsulation in silica nanocontainers (SiO2 NCs) for the reduction of inflammatory responses in liver cells. DXM was copolymerized with a linker molecule introducing pH-cleavable hydrazone bonds in the backbone and obtaining polyprodrugs (PDXM). Encapsulation of PDXMs into SiO2 NCs provided a stable confinement avoiding uncontrolled leakage. PDXMs were degraded under acidic conditions and subsequently released out of SiO2 NCs. Biological studies showed significantly enhanced anti-inflammatory capacity of the polyprodrug nanoformulations over non-encapsulated DXM or soluble polyprodrugs. These results demonstrate the advantage of combining the polyprodrug strategy with nanocarrier-mediated delivery for enhanced control of the delivery of water-soluble low molecular weight drugs.

6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 816, 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34391402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a pandemic. Few studies have been conducted to investigate the spatio-temporal distribution of COVID-19 on nationwide city-level in China. OBJECTIVE: To analyze and visualize the spatiotemporal distribution characteristics and clustering pattern of COVID-19 cases from 362 cities of 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in mainland China. METHODS: A spatiotemporal statistical analysis of COVID-19 cases was carried out by collecting the confirmed COVID-19 cases in mainland China from January 10, 2020 to October 5, 2020. Methods including statistical charts, hotspot analysis, spatial autocorrelation, and Poisson space-time scan statistic were conducted. RESULTS: The high incidence stage of China's COVID-19 epidemic was from January 17 to February 9, 2020 with daily increase rate greater than 7.5%. The hot spot analysis suggested that the cities including Wuhan, Huangshi, Ezhou, Xiaogan, Jingzhou, Huanggang, Xianning, and Xiantao, were the hot spots with statistical significance. Spatial autocorrelation analysis indicated a moderately correlated pattern of spatial clustering of COVID-19 cases across China in the early phase, with Moran's I statistic reaching maximum value on January 31, at 0.235 (Z = 12.344, P = 0.001), but the spatial correlation gradually decreased later and showed a discrete trend to a random distribution. Considering both space and time, 19 statistically significant clusters were identified. 63.16% of the clusters occurred from January to February. Larger clusters were located in central and southern China. The most likely cluster (RR = 845.01, P < 0.01) included 6 cities in Hubei province with Wuhan as the centre. Overall, the clusters with larger coverage were in the early stage of the epidemic, while it changed to only gather in a specific city in the later period. The pattern and scope of clusters changed and reduced over time in China. CONCLUSIONS: Spatio-temporal cluster detection plays a vital role in the exploration of epidemic evolution and early warning of disease outbreaks and recurrences. This study can provide scientific reference for the allocation of medical resources and monitoring potential rebound of the COVID-19 epidemic in China.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Análise Espaço-Temporal
7.
Reprod Biol ; 21(4): 100546, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428669

RESUMO

AIMS: Low sperm quality, a crucial factor of male infertility, is becoming a public health issue all over the world. In male reproductive system, autophagy plays an important role in maintaining physiological functions. There exist conjectures that disordered autophagy autophagy might be related to low sperm quality. However, there is no evidence can confirm that. This study aims to investigate the association between autophagy-associated genes and low sperm quality. METHODS: Sperm samples of low sperm quality cases and matched controls were included to select differential expressed genes (DE genes) by autophagy-related functional gene microarray analysis. Then, 104 cases and 250 controls were included to validate the expression of four important autophagy genes (CXCR4, ESR1, PTEN and LC3B). Based on the obtained DE gene, gene Ontology and pathway analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Chip results showed that expression of all 18 DE genes were decreased in the cases compared to the controls (P < 0.05). Expression of ESR1 were verified to be significantly decreased (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our results provided clues with the association among down-regulated expression of autophagy regulating and associated genes and low sperm quality. These findings revealed possible role of impaired autophagy in the mechanism of low sperm quality. Moreover, these may also provide potential targets for the treatment of low sperm quality.

8.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 569: 161-166, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252588

RESUMO

Acute high-altitude illness seriously threatens the health and lives of people who rapidly ascend to high altitudes, but there is currently no particularly effective method for the prevention or treatment of acute high-altitude illness. In the present study, we found that fasting preconditioning effectively improved the survival rate of rats exposed to a simulated altitude of 7620 m for 24 h, and a novel animal model of rapid adaptation to acute hypoxia was established. Compared with control treatment, fasting preconditioning activated AMPK, induced autophagy, decreased ROS levels, and inhibited NF-κB signaling in the cardiac tissues of rats. Our results suggested that fasting effectively improved the acute hypoxia tolerance of rats, which was gradually enhanced with prolongation of fasting. In addition, the acute hypoxia tolerance of young rats was significantly higher than that of adult rats. These experimental results lay the foundation for achieving rapid adaptation to acute hypoxia in humans.

9.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 7207692, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257819

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most incapacitating neurological disorders. It involves complex pathological processes that include a primary injury and a secondary injury phase, or a delayed stage, which follows the primary injury and contributes to the aggravation of the SCI pathology. Oxidative stress, a key pathophysiological event after SCI, contributes to a cascade of inflammation, excitotoxicity, neuronal and glial apoptosis, and other processes during the secondary injury phase. In recent years, increasing evidence has demonstrated that sirtuins are protective toward the pathological process of SCI through a variety of antioxidant mechanisms. Notably, strategies that modulate the expression of sirtuins exert beneficial effects in cellular and animal models of SCI. Given the significance and novelty of sirtuins, we summarize the oxidative stress processes that occur in SCI and discuss the antioxidant effects of sirtuins in SCI. We also highlight the potential of targeting sirtuins for the treatment of SCI.

10.
J Biomater Appl ; : 8853282211029822, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34254840

RESUMO

Radiation therapy for cancer can lead to off-target toxicity and can be ineffective against refractory differentiated thyroid cancer. The nanoscale metal organic frameworks (NMOFs) have shown great potential in cancer diagnostic and treatment due to their advantages in the aspect of structural diversities, high intrinsic biodegradability and drug-loading capacities. Here, we provide that intratumoral injection, in mouse of refractory differentiated thyroid cancer.In this work, we used the therapeutic 131I radioisotope modified Zr-MOF (Zr-MOF@131I) with aim to enable long-term relief of tumour therapy, which has successfully eliminated tumour at ralatively low radioactivity doses. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) was coated into Zr-MOF and, as a result, circulation time was significantly improved by intratumoral injection. These findings therefore suggest that nanoparticles could be used in vivo combined therapy. On injection, while it is a highly effective drug for radioisotope, Zr-MOF with attenuation ability could apply for a radio-sensitizer to enhance inner radiotherapy (RT). The local therapy, which uses only biocompatible components, might enable new strategies for local tumour treatments. These could be further combined with systemic therapeutic responses for the inhibition of refractory differentiated thyroid cancer and the prevention of tumour recurrence in patients.

11.
Nanoscale ; 13(28): 12212-12222, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231634

RESUMO

Water, the most important molecule on the Earth, possesses many essential and unique physical properties that are far from completely understood, partly due to serious difficulties in identifying the precise microscopic structures of water. Hence, identifying the structures of water nanoclusters is a fundamental and challenging issue for studies on the relationship between the macroscopic physical properties of water and its microscopic structures. For large-scale simulations (at the level of nm and ns) of water nanoclusters, a calculation method with simultaneous accuracy at the level of quantum chemistry and efficiency at the level of an empirical potential method is in great demand. Herein, a machine-learning (ML) water model was utilized to explore the microscopic structural features at different length scales for water nanoclusters with a size up to several nm. The ML water model can be employed to efficiently predict the structures of water nanoclusters with a similar accuracy to that of density functional theory and with substantially lower computational resource demands. To validate the low-lying structure search results with experimental spectral results, an ML water model combined with velocity autocorrelation function analysis was used to simulate the vibrational spectra of water nanoclusters with up to thousands of water molecules. By comparing the simulated and experimentally recorded vibrational spectra, the atomic structures determined by a simulation based on the ML water model are all verified. To demonstrate its ability to represent water's structural evolution at large length and time scales, the ML water model was employed to model the structural evolution during the crystal-liquid transition, and the phase transition temperatures of water clusters with different sizes were precisely predicted. The ML water model provides an efficient theoretical calculation tool for exploring the structures and physical properties of water and their relationships, especially for clusters with relatively large sizes and processes with relatively long durations.

12.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(7): e28009, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telemedicine that combines information technology and health care augments the operational model of traditional medical services and brings new opportunities to the medical field. China promotes telemedicine with great efforts, and its practices in the deployment of telemedicine platforms and delivery of services have become important references for the research and development in this field. OBJECTIVE: Our work described in this paper focuses on a regional telemedicine platform that was built in 2014. We analyzed the system design scheme and remote consultations that were conducted via the system to understand the deployment and service delivery processes of a representative telemedicine platform in China. METHODS: We collected information on remote consultations conducted from 2015 to 2020 via the regional telemedicine platform that employs a centralized architectural system model. We used graphs and statistical methods to describe the changing trends of service volume of remote consultation, geographical and demographic distribution of patients, and waiting time and duration of consultations. The factors that affect consultation duration and patient referral were analyzed by multivariable linear regression models and binary logistic regression models, respectively. The attitudes toward telemedicine of 225 medical practitioners and 225 patients were collected using the snowball sampling method. RESULTS: The regional telemedicine platform covers all levels of medical institutions and hospitals in all 18 cities of Henan Province as well as some interprovince hospitals. From 2015 to 2020, 103,957 remote medical consultations were conducted via the platform with an annual increasing rate of 0.64%. A total of 86.64% (90,069/103,957) of medical institutions (as clients) that applied for remote consultations were tier 1 or 2 and from less-developed regions; 65.65% (68,243/103,945) of patients who applied for remote consultations were aged over 50 years. The numbers of consultations were high for departments focusing in the treatment of chronic diseases such as neurology, respiratory medicine, and oncology. The invited experts were mainly experienced doctors with senior professional titles. Year of consultation, tier of hospital, consultation department, and necessity of patient referral were the main factors affecting the duration of consultations. In surveys, we found that 60.4% (136/225) of medical practitioners and 53.8% (121/225) of patients had high satisfaction and believed that telemedicine is of vital importance for the treatment of illness. CONCLUSIONS: The development of telemedicine in China shows a growing trend and provides great benefits especially to medical institutions located in less developed regions and senior citizens who have less mobility. Cases of remote consultations are mainly for chronic diseases. At present, the importance and necessity of telemedicine are well recognized by both patients and medical practitioners. However, the waiting time needs to be further reduced to improve the efficiency of remote medical services.

13.
Ageing Res Rev ; 70: 101390, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34118443

RESUMO

Fibrosis is a typical aging-related pathological process involving almost all organs. It is usually initiated by organic injury and leads to the gradual decline of organ function or even loss. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are being hailed as a newly rediscovered class of covalently closed transcripts without a 5' cap or 3' tail which draw increasing attention. In particular, circRNAs have been identified to be involved in the multifaceted processes of fibrosis in various organs, including the heart, liver, lung, and kidney. As more and more circRNAs are functionally characterized, they have become novel therapies for fibrosis. In this review, we systematically summarized current studies regarding the roles of circRNAs in fibrosis and shed light on the basis of circRNAs as a potential treatment for fibrosis.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , RNA Circular , Envelhecimento/genética , Fibrose , Humanos , Pulmão
14.
BMC Neurol ; 21(1): 219, 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34107918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retinal vasculopathy with cerebral leukoencephalopathy and systemic manifestations (RVCL-S) is an adult-onset rare monogenic microvasculopathy. Its typical neuroimaging features are punctate white matter lesions or pseudotumor alterations. RVCL-S is often under-recognized and misdiagnosed because of its rarity and similar imaging manifestations to multiple sclerosis or brain malignant mass. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report a case of a 36-year-old Chinese man who developed multiple tumefactive brain lesions spanning over two years leading to motor aphasia, cognitive decline, and limb weakness. He also presented with slight vision loss, and fundus fluorescein angiography indicated retinal vasculopathy. He underwent brain biopsies twice and showed no evidence of malignancy. Given the family history that his father died of a brain mass of unclear etiology, RVCL-S was suspected, and genetic analysis confirmed the diagnosis with a heterozygous insertion mutation in the three-prime repair exonuclease 1 gene. He was given courses of corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide but received little response. CONCLUSIONS: The present case is one of the few published reports of RVCL-S with two-year detailed imaging data. Serial magnetic resonance images showed the progression pattern of the lesions. Our experience emphasizes that a better understanding of RVCL-S and considering it as a differential diagnosis in patients with tumefactive brain lesions may help avoid unnecessary invasive examinations and make an earlier diagnosis.


Assuntos
Leucoencefalopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico , Adulto , Encéfalo/patologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Leucoencefalopatias/genética , Masculino , Neuroimagem
15.
Food Chem ; 363: 130284, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120050

RESUMO

Myoglobin is a protein not easily broken down by digestive enzymes due to its rigid structure. This study evaluated the structural characteristics of myoglobin under various sodium chloride treatments (0.4-0.8 mol/L for 5-10 h) and the impacts on its digestibility using spectroscopic and molecular dynamics simulation techniques. Myoglobin digestibility was 40% following pepsin digestion and 60% after being sequentially digested by pepsin and trypsin. The α-helix content of myoglobin did not change significantly following sodium chloride treatment but hydrophobic amino acids were exposed and the binding of phenylalanine targeted by some digestive enzymes became more stable, leading to the reduced digestibility.


Assuntos
Mioglobina/química , Cloreto de Sódio , Aminoácidos , Pepsina A
17.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34184337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vesical Imaging-Reporting and Data System (VI-RADS) has been shown to be effective in diagnosing muscle invasion of bladder cancer (BC) in primary patients. PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of VI-RADS in a BC target population which included post-treatment patients, and to determine the repeatability. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION: Seventy-three patients (42 with primary BC, 31 with post-treatment BC). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3.0 T MRI with propeller fast spin-echo T2 WI, echo planer imaging diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging (DCEI). ASSESSMENT: VI-RADS scores were independently assessed by five radiologists with different levels of experience. The diagnostic efficiency in each group (primary and post-treatment) and of each radiologist was assessed. STATISTICAL TESTS: Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV), and area under the curve (AUC) in receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were calculated to evaluate VI-RADS diagnostic performance. Interobserver agreement was assessed using weighted Kappa statistics. A P value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: At the corresponding cut-off, AUC values of three groups range from 0.936 to 0.947 and AUC values of five observers range from 0.901 to 0.963. There was no significant difference between the AUCs in the primary and post-treatment groups (P = 0.870). The cut-off of the whole group and the post-treatment group was ≥4, and the cut-off of the primary group was ≥3. The Kappa values of interobserver agreements range from 0.709 to 0.923. CONCLUSIONS: After expanding the target population to include post-treatment patients, VI-RADS still has good diagnostic efficacy and repeatability. VI-RADS could potentially be a preoperative staging tool for post-treatment patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 2.

18.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34040166

RESUMO

High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a ubiquitous nuclear protein that is present in almost all cells and regulates the activity of innate immune responses in both intracellular and extracellular settings. Current evidence suggests that HMGB1 plays a pivotal role in human pathological and pathophysiological processes such as the inflammatory response, immune reactions, cell migration, aging, and cell death. Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) that occurs in hosts in response to microbial infections with a proven or suspected infectious etiology and is the leading cause of death in intensive care units worldwide, particularly in the aging population. Dysregulated systemic inflammation is a classic characteristic of sepsis, and suppression of HMGB1 may ameliorate inflammation and improve patient outcomes. Here, we focus on the latest breakthroughs regarding the roles of HMGB1 in sepsis and sepsis-related organ injury, the ways by which HMGB1 are released, and the signaling pathways and therapeutics associated with HMGB1. This review highlights recent advances related to HMGB1: the regulation of HMBG1 might be helpful for both basic research and drug development for the treatment of sepsis and sepsis-related organ injury.

19.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; 50(5): 588-596, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33957622

RESUMO

Lacunar stroke (LS) accounts for about one-quarter of all acute ischemic strokes, represents an important marker of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD), and has prognostic significance in terms of recurrent vascular events and vascular cognitive impairment. Our understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of LS is largely based on the meticulous postmortem work of C. Miller Fisher in the late 1960s, with scarce subsequent pathological analysis of the "lacunar hypothesis" and no reliable approaches for direct in vivo imaging of the small intracranial vessels. The recent development of high-resolution MRI, which allows both large-vessel wall and perforating arteries to be imaged in one setting, provides the opportunity to advance understandings of the clinical mechanisms, imaging characteristics, and pathogenesis of LS. Given accumulating evidence of endothelial dysfunction and blood-brain-barrier disruption as early features of CSVD-related LS, advanced imaging may allow various underlying pathogenetic mechanisms to be defined and for better targeting of therapeutic approaches in LS. In this review, progress in understanding the pathogenesis of LS is outlined, covering pathology, pathophysiology, and imaging characteristics, with a focus toward future directions in the complex entity of LS.

20.
Virulence ; 12(1): 1362-1376, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34009097

RESUMO

Recent studies indicate that the Bacillus species is distributed in deep-sea environments. However, no specific studies on deep-sea Bacillus cereus have been documented. In the present work, we isolated a B. cereus strain, H2, from the deep-sea cold seep in South China Sea. We characterized the pathogenic potential of H2 and investigated H2-induced death of different types of cells. We found that H2 was capable of tissue dissemination and causing acute mortality in mice and fish following intraperitoneal/intramuscular injection. In vitro studies revealed that H2 infection of macrophages induced pyroptosis and activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway that contributed partly to cell death. H2 infection activated p38, JNK, and ERK, but only JNK proved to participate in H2-triggered cell death. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and intracellular Ca2+ were essential to H2-induced activation of JNK and NLRP3 inflammasome. In contrast, lysosomal rupture and cathepsins were required for H2-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation but not for JNK activation. This study revealed for the first time the virulence characteristics of deep-sea B. cereus and provided new insights into the mechanism of B. cereus infection.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...