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1.
Cancer Med ; 8(10): 4688-4698, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218841

RESUMO

Patients with Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) treated by conventional chemotherapeutic drugs usually require a long recovery period. However, metronomic combination chemotherapy (MCC) enhances therapeutic efficacy and decreases side effects in the treatment of NHL. In this study, we tested and compared the effects of metronomic chemotherapy (MC) using podophyllotoxin derivative etoposide (VP-16) alone and that of MCC using both VP-16 and everolimus (RAD001) in the treatment of NHL. Two types of NHL cells, OCI-LY-10 and SU-DHL-6, were employed for the experiments. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, and cell senescence were measured to test the effects of drugs in each experiment. In addition, the influences of MC and MCC on the cell cycle and autophagy pathway were evaluated to study the functional mechanisms behind their effects. Finally, we conducted analyses of the growth inhibitory effect and synergistic activity for different MCC. The results showed that MC using low-dose VP-16 alone demonstrated strong treatment effects in terms of inducing apoptosis, cell senescence, and reducing tumor cell proliferation, and this treatment also led to changes of the cell cycle. Compared with MC, MCC using VP-16 and RAD001 together demonstrated even stronger treatment effects, with both the cell cycle and autophagy-related proteins being affected. Considering the synergistic activity, our results showed the MCC of VP-16 48 hours + RAD001 24 hours is the optimal method for treating NHL.

2.
Cancer Res Treat ; 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971067

RESUMO

Purpose: The extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) of non-upper aerodigestive tract (NUAT) was found to have clinical heterogeneity compared with NKTCL of the upper aerodigestive tract (UAT) in small scale studies. We conducted this study in a much larger cohort to analyze the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors, treatment modality, and clinical outcomes of patients with NUAT-NKTCL. Materials and Methods: From January 2001 to December 2017, a total of 757 NKTCL patients were identified and included in this study, including 92 NUAT-NKTCL patients (12.2%) and 665 UAT-NKTCL patients (87.8%). Results: NUAT-NKTCL patients had relatively poorer performance status, more unfavorable prognostic factors, and more advanced stage, compared with UAT-NKTCL patients. The 5-year overall survival (OS) was 34.7% for NUAT-NKTCL, which was significantly worse than UAT-NKTCL (64.2%, p<0.001). The median OS duration was 30.9 months for NUAT-NKTCL. Multivariate analysis showed that presence with B symptoms and elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase independently predicted worse OS. International prognostic index score and prognostic index of natural killer lymphoma score still had prognostic values in NUAT-NKTCL, while the Ann Arbor system could not accurately predict the OS. Conclusion: NUAT-NKTCL is a distinctive subtype of NKTCL in many aspects. Patients with NUAT-NKTCL have relatively poorer performance status, more unfavorable prognostic factors, more advanced stage, and poorer prognosis.

3.
Cancer Med ; 8(3): 874-881, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30706675

RESUMO

The treatment strategy for management of Burkitt lymphoma (BL) has evolved during the past decades and the clinical outcome for this disease as a whole has also improved. Due to limited information reported on survival trends of patients with stage I/II (limited-stage) BL, here we used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database to conduct our study. The time period was divided into two eras (1983-2001 and 2002-2014) as the recent era reflected more intensive chemotherapy regimens, the availability of rituximab, the widespread use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and improvements in supportive care. Patients with limited-stage BL had a significantly better 5-year overall survival (OS) in the 2002-2014 era in both univariate analysis and multivariate analysis, compared with those in the 1983-2001 era (64.1% vs 57.4%). However, clinical outcomes of elderly patients (≥60 years) and children patients (0-19 years) did not significantly improve. Older age and race of black were correlated with poorer OS in multivariate analysis, whereas sex, primary sites, and application of radiotherapy did not significantly influence OS. In conclusion, the prognosis of patients with limited-stage BL has improved in the 2002-2014 era, but the outcome was still much poorer in elderly patients, which needs to be improved by identifying newly molecular-targeted drugs and developing novel personalized therapeutic approaches.

4.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(8): 1917-1925, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30646796

RESUMO

Circulating EBV-DNA is an accurate biomarker of tumor load in extranodal natural killer (NK)/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL); however, its role in patients treated with P-GEMOX has not been evaluated. In this study, we examined plasma EBV-DNA of 99 patients at different time points by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Multivariate analysis revealed that ECOG PS score, response rate, and post-treatment EBV-DNA level were independent predictors of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Positive post-treatment plasma EBV-DNA was associated with poor OS in ENKTL patients. The 3-year OS for patients with positive pre-, interim-, post-treatment EBV-DNA was significantly lower than that for patients with negative EBV-DNA; the values were 70.2% vs. 93.9% (p = .022), 53.8% vs. 99.1% (p < .001), and 40.6% vs. 91.8% (p < .001), respectively. We conclude that monitoring dynamic changes in plasma EBV-DNA in ENKTL patients treated with P-GEMOX could predict important outcomes such as OS.

5.
Dis Markers ; 2018: 1961058, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30581497

RESUMO

Background: Circulating Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA concentrations were reported to have prognostic value for NK/T-cell lymphoma patients in limited small-scale studies. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical utility of circulating EBV-DNA concentrations to a large sample of NK/T-cell lymphoma patients. Methods: We conducted this meta-analysis, which included a total of 15 prospective and retrospective comparable studies to assess the association between pretreatment EBV-DNA (pre-DNA), posttreatment EBV-DNA (post-DNA), and clinical outcomes of NK/T-cell lymphoma patients. We chose overall survival (OS) as the primary endpoint and progression-free survival (PFS), complete response (CR), and overall response rate (ORR) as secondary endpoints. Results: High pre-DNA and detectable post-DNA were both significantly correlated with poorer OS in NK/T-cell lymphoma patients (P < 0.05), with hazard radios (HRs) equal to 3.45 and 2.30, respectively. High pre-DNA and detectable post-DNA also predicted poorer PFS. Additionally, high pre-DNA was found to be significantly correlated with both worse CR and ORR, which indicated worse treatment response. Conclusion: Circulating EBV-DNA concentrations provides prognostic values of survival and treatment response in NK/T-cell lymphoma patients.


Assuntos
DNA Viral/sangue , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Linfoma de Células T/mortalidade , Linfoma de Células T/virologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/virologia , Linfoma de Células T/terapia , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Dis Markers ; 2018: 7473935, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30410635

RESUMO

Treatment modalities for primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PG-DLBCL) have changed significantly during the past decades. However, limited information on the trends of clinical outcome of PG-DLBCL patients has been reported. Here, we conducted a retrospective analysis using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database to compare the survival trends of PG-DLBCL patients from 1973 to 2014. Patients were divided into 2 eras based on the year of diagnosis in relation to immunotherapy with the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab that was approved in 1997 and became a widely used drug in 2000. There was a significant improvement in survival among PG-DLBCL patients diagnosed in the 2001-2014 era (n = 4186) compared to patients diagnosed in the 1973-2000 era (n = 2865), with the 5-year overall survival rates of 53% and 47%, respectively (p = 0.001). Multivariable analysis revealed that the 2001-2014 era (HR = 0.892, p = 0.001) was associated with lower mortality and that patients of older age, Black race, advanced stage, and male gender were associated with poor prognosis. Although outcome of PG-DLBCL has significantly improved over time, more effective therapies are needed for older patients to further improve their survival.

7.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 3521-3532, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30271201

RESUMO

E2F transcription factors (E2Fs) are a family of transcription factors involved in cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Their important roles in the development and metastasis of breast carcinoma (BC) have been discovered by previous in vitro and in vivo studies. Yet, expressions and distinct prognostic values of these eight E2Fs in human BC remain unclear in many respects. In this study, we aimed to reveal their roles in BC through analyzing the transcription and survival data of the E2Fs in BC patients from four online databases including ONCOMINE, Breast Cancer Gene-Expression Miner v4.1, cBioPortal for Cancer Genomics, and Kaplan-Meier Plotter. We found the overexpression of E2Fs in BC tissues compared with normal breast tissues, except for E2F4. Higher expression levels of E2Fs, except for E2F4 and E2F6, were associated with higher levels of Scarff-Bloom-Richardson grade of BC. Alterations of E2Fs were found to be significantly correlated with poorer overall survival of BC patients. Through plotting the survival curve in the Kaplan-Meier Plotter, it was found that higher mRNA levels of E2F1, E2F3, E2F7, and E2F8 were associated with poorer relapse-free survival in all BC patients, indicating that they are potential targets for individualized treatments of BC patients. Conversely, higher mRNA expression level of E2F4 predicted better RFS in BC patients, suggesting E2F4 as a new biomarker for BC prognosis. Considering currently available limited evidence, further studies need to be performed to investigate the roles of E2Fs in BC.

8.
Oncol Lett ; 16(5): 6147-6155, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30333880

RESUMO

Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A (p16INK4a) protein is a surrogate immunohistochemical marker of human papillomavirus infection in oropharynx squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). However, the effects of p16INK4a in non-OPSCC require additional analysis. In addition, major gaps remain in the literature, including small volumes of data for China. Therefore, the present study evaluated the frequency of p16INK4a positivity in patients with non-OPSCC in Southern China, and assessed its prognostic value. p16INK4a expression status in patients with non-OPSCC was determined by immunohistochemistry. p16INK4a-positive expression was defined as a strong and diffuse staining in ≥70% of the tumor cells. Then, the diagnostic value of p16INK4a in predicting overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rate was determined. The positive rate of p16INK4a was 26.3% in larynx cancer and 24.8% in oral cavity cancer. Multivariate analysis revealed that the protein status independently predicted improved OS rate, but not DFS rate (P=0.096). Comparing different disease stages, patients at an early stage with p16INK4a-positive non-OPSCC exhibited improved DFS and OS rates compared with those exhibited by patients who were negative. The p16INK4a-positive rate in patients with non-OPSCC was 25.1% [26.3% in Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) and 24.8% in Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC)] in the present cohort from South China. The present study suggested that p16INK4a expression in non-OPSCC predicts favorable clinical outcomes, particularly in early stage non-OPSCC and oral cancer.

9.
Ann Hematol ; 97(12): 2381-2389, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30116872

RESUMO

Although gemcitabine, oxaliplatin and L-asparaginase/pegylated asparaginase (P-GEMOX) treatment for early-stage extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is effective, some patients die within 1 year of diagnosis. We attempted to determine an optimal biomarker for identifying such patients. We enrolled 71 patients with ENKTL who received P-GEMOX between January 2011 and January 2014. We classified the patients according to the outcome into worse (died within 1 year) or better groups (survival time ≥ 3, 4 or 5 years). The area under the curve (AUC) was determined to identify the optimal biomarker for differentiating the groups. The AUC was highest in patients who were plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA-positive post-treatment. The AUC was 0.82, 0.86 and 0.86 when the worse group was compared to the better group, respectively. Among the post-treatment EBV DNA-positive patients, as compared to EBV DNA-negative patients, pre-treatment EBV DNA-positive patients had a higher proportion of CD4 + CD25 + T cells. There was higher programmed cell death protein ligand-1(PD-L1) expression in post-treatment EBV DNA-positive patients. Post-treatment positive EBV DNA status maybe a useful biomarker of worse outcomes in early stage ENKTL.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/biossíntese , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , DNA de Neoplasias/sangue , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-2/sangue , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/sangue , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/mortalidade , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
10.
Cancer Med ; 7(5): 1845-1851, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29624913

RESUMO

Primary breast diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PB-DLBCL) is an uncommon extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), which was traditionally treated with anthracycline-containing regimens followed by consolidative radiation therapy (RT) to add therapeutic benefits. The introduction of anti-CD20 antibody rituximab for the treatment of B-cell NHLs has significantly improved the clinical outcome of these malignant diseases. It is unclear, however, whether consolidative RT could still add therapeutic benefits for PB-DLBCL patients treated with rituximab. To answer this important question, we used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database to evaluate the impact of RT on the clinical outcomes of PB-DLBCL patients in the rituximab era. Information on patient age, year of diagnosis, stage, race, laterality, and RT status for PB-DLBCL patients diagnosed between 2001 and 2014 were extracted. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were plotted, and log-rank test was used to compare the potential survival difference. Multivariate analysis using Cox proportional hazards model was employed to determine the impact of RT and other factors such as age, race, tumor laterality, stage, and year of diagnosis on survival. Among the 386 patients identified, the median follow-up time was 45 months (range, 0-167 months); the median age was 64 years (range, 19-93 years); 33.9% of the patients were younger than 60 years of age; 69.9% of the patients were stage I; 79.0% were white; 51.8% received RT. The 5-year OS and cause-specific survival (CSS) for the whole cohort were 72.3% and 82.5%, respectively. The 5-year OS was significantly superior for patients who received RT compared to those who did not receive RT (78.1% vs. 66.0%, P = 0.031). In multivariable analysis, RT remained significantly associated with improved OS (P = 0.026). In summary, our study suggests that RT still adds significant therapeutic benefits for patients with PB-DLCBL in the rituximab era.

11.
Cell Death Dis ; 9(2): 89, 2018 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29367724

RESUMO

Cancer side-population (SP) represents a sub-population of stem-like cancer cells that have an important role in drug resistance due to their high expression of the ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCG2 involved in drug export. Auranofin (AF), a clinical drug of gold complex that is used in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, has been reported inducing tumor antiproliferation. However, whether AF can impact SP cells remains unclear. Our study showed that AF caused a depletion of SP cells and a downregulation of stem cell markers, and impaired their ability to form tumor colonies in vitro and incidence to develop tumors in vivo of lung cancer cells. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) had an important role in mediating AF-induced depletion of SP cells, which could be reversed by antioxidant NAC. Further study revealed that AF could also cause ATP depletion by inhibition of glycolysis. The depletion of cellular ATP might impair the function of ABCG2 pump, leading to increased drug accumulation within the cells and thus enhancing anticancer activity of chemotherapeutic agents such as adriamycin. Synergistic effect of AF and adriamycin was demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo. Simultaneous increase of ROS and inhibition of glycolysis is a novel strategy to eliminate stem-like cancer cells. Combination of AF with adriamycin seems to be promising to enhance therapeutic effectiveness.

12.
Chin J Cancer ; 36(1): 94, 2017 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29246182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway inhibits the activation of T cells and plays a crucial role in the negative regulation of cellular and humoral immune responses. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common lymphoid malignancy in adults. In the present study, we aimed to detect the expression of PD-L1 in DLBCL and to analyze its relationship with prognosis. METHODS: We reviewed medical records of 204 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between October 2005 and August 2012. The expression of PD-L1 in tumor tissues from these 204 patients was detected using immunohistochemical (IHC) assay. The expression of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), CD5, CD30, and C-Myc in tumor specimens from 109 patients was detected using IHC, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded RNAs (EBERs) were detected using fluorescence in situ hybridization. The Spearman method was used for correlation analysis. The Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank test was used for univariate analysis. Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Of the 204 patients, 100 (49.0%) were PD-L1-positive in tumor cells and 44 (21.6%) were PD-L1-positive in tumor microenvironment. PD-L1 expression in tumor cells and tumor microenvironment were more common in the non-germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) subtype than in the GCB subtype (P = 0.02 and P = 0.04). Patients with PD-L1 expression in tumor microenvironment were more likely to be resistant to first-line chemotherapy when compared with the patients without PD-L1 expression in tumor microenvironment (P = 0.03). PD-L1 expression in tumor microenvironment was negatively correlated with C-Myc expression (r = - 0.20, P = 0.04). No correlations were detected between PD-L1 expression and the expression of ALK, CD5, and CD30 as well as EBERs. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 50.0% and 67.3% in patients with and without PD-L1 expression in tumor cells (P = 0.02). PD-L1 expression in tumor cells was an independent risk predictor for OS (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: PD-L1 expression is more common in the non-GCB subtype than in the GCB subtype. PD-L1 expression in tumor microenvironment has a negative correlation with C-Myc. PD-L1 positivity predicts short survival in DLBCL patients. For patients with PD-L1 expression, more strategy such as anti-PD-L1 antibody treatment should be recommended.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Chin J Cancer ; 36(1): 62, 2017 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28756771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of ABO blood type for lymphoma is largely unknown. We evaluated the prognostic role of ABO blood type in patients with extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 697 patients with newly diagnosed ENKTL from three cancer centers. The prognostic value of ABO blood type was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazard models. The prognostic values of the International Prognostic Index (IPI) and the Korean Prognostic Index (KPI) were also evaluated. RESULTS: Compared with patients with blood type O, those with blood type non-O tended to display elevated baseline serum C-reactive protein levels (P = 0.038), lower rate of complete remission (P = 0.005), shorter progression-free survival (PFS, P < 0.001), and shorter overall survival (OS, P = 0.001). Patients with blood type O/AB had longer PFS (P < 0.001) and OS (P = 0.001) compared with those with blood type A/B. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age >60 years (P < 0.001), mass ≥5 cm (P = 0.001), stage III/IV (P < 0.001), elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels (P = 0.001), and blood type non-O were independent adverse predictors of OS (P = 0.001). ABO blood type was found to be superior to both the IPI in discriminating patients with different outcomes in the IPI low-risk group and the KPI in distinguishing between the intermediate-to-low- and high-to-intermediate-risk groups. CONCLUSIONS: ABO blood type was an independent predictor of clinical outcome for patients with ENKTL.


Assuntos
Sistema do Grupo Sanguíneo ABO/genética , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/genética , Prognóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Proteína C-Reativa/genética , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/sangue , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/epidemiologia , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Cancer ; 123(20): 3986-3994, 2017 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28640389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recombinant human lymphotoxin-α derivative (rhLTα-Da) is a lymphotoxin-α derivative that is missing 27 N-terminal amino acid residues. Previous studies indicated a benefit from the addition of rhLTα-Da to cisplatin-based treatment in patients with metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The current study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of rhLTα-Da plus cisplatin and fluorouracil (PF) in patients with mESCC. METHODS: Patients from 15 centers in China were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to 3 arms (arm A, PF plus 10 µg/m2 daily rhLTα-Da; arm B, PF plus 20 µg/m2 daily rhLTα-Da; arm C, PF alone). The primary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and the confirmed overall response rate (ORR). An exploratory analysis was performed to evaluate the role of serum tumor necrosis factor receptor II (TNFR II) in predicting the efficacy of rhLTα-Da. RESULTS: Between September 2010 and May 2013, 150 patients were enrolled. No significant differences in either PFS or ORR were observed between the 3 arms. However, in a small subset of patients who had low serum TNFR II levels, the median PFS was significantly longer for those in arm B than for these in other 2 arms (7.2 months [95% confidence interval, 5.1-8.6 months] for arm B vs 3.5 months [95% confidence interval, 1.7-5.5 months] for arm A [P = .022] and 4.0 months [95% confidence interval, 3.2-6.3 months] for arm C [P = .027]). The addition of rhLTα-Da significantly increased the incidence of chills (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: rhLTα-Da combined with the PF regimen failed to improve PFS and ORR in patients with mESCC, except in a small subset that had low serum TNFR II concentrations. Cancer 2017;123:3986-94. © 2017 American Cancer Society.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Linfotoxina-alfa/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/secundário , China , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Linfotoxina-alfa/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores Tipo II do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/sangue , Proteínas Recombinantes/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico
15.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 80(1): 37-44, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28534209

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The renal safety of cisplatin-based chemotherapy has not been investigated in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract (UUT-UC) who retain a solitary kidney after nephroureterectomy. This study aimed to assess and compare the renal safety and efficacy of gemcitabine-cisplatin (GP) and gemcitabine-carboplatin (GC) in these patients. METHODS: The medical records of patients diagnosed with urothelial carcinoma at the Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center between January 2005 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The creatinine clearance (CrCl) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were used to assess renal function and were calculated using different formulas. RESULTS: A total of 71 patients were enrolled in this study; 48 patients were on GP, and 23 were on GC. The renal function indicators (CrCl and eGFR) were all significantly lower after GP chemotherapy than at baseline, a phenomenon that was not observed in the GC group. Severe nephrotoxicities (SNTs) were reported in 12 patients on GP (25%) and zero on GC. SNT risk factors included a more than 20% decrease in eGFR after one GP cycle and the presence of diabetes (all p < 0.05). Among patients treated with first-line palliative chemotherapy (n = 32), GC (n = 13) patients had an ORR of 46.2%, which was not significantly different from GP patients (36.8%, n = 19), whereas GC patients tended to have a shorter OS than GP patients (9.2 vs. 29 months, p = 0.200). CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm that GP has an adverse impact on the renal function of patients with UUT-UC who retain a solitary kidney, but it can be safely administered to the majority of these patients without inducing SNT. In specific patients, GC is an alternative to GP that has comparable efficacy and favourable renal toxicity.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Nefrectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Ureterais/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Creatinina/metabolismo , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Ureterais/patologia
16.
J Cancer ; 8(5): 793-800, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28382141

RESUMO

Background: Recently double-hit lymphoma or double protein expressor lymphoma has been identified as a distinct group of diffuse large B cell lymphoma with poor prognosis. However, the expression status, clinical and prognostic effect of combined overexpression of MYC and BCL2 in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) are not known. Materials and methods: Paraffin-embedded lymphoma samples from 53 patients with newly diagnosed ENKTL were studied using immunohistochemistry for MYC and BCL2, and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for MYC and BCL2 were done on 5 tissue sections with highest percentages of both MYC and BCL2 positive lymphoma cells. Results: The median percentage of MYC-positive lymphoma cells and BCL2-positive lymphoma cells were 20% (range, 5%-45%) and 70% (10%-95%), respectively. Using median scores as cutoffs, we assigned each patient an IHC double-hit score (DHS) that ranged from 0 to 2. Using this DHS, 15 patients (28.3%) had a DHS of 0, 24 patients (45.3%) had a DHS of 1, and the remaining 14 patients (26.4%) had a DHS of 2. FISH analysis was performed on 5 tissue sections with DHS of 2, and none of them had MYC or BCL2 rearrangement. The DHS was not associated with patients' age, gender, disease stage, LDH level, B symptoms, performance status, or local tumor invasiveness. However, patients with tumor localized in extranasal sites seemed to have higher expression of BCL2 and higher DHS than nasal lesions (p=0.014 and 0.042, respectively). In univariate survival analysis, either high expression of MYC or BCL2 was significantly correlated with inferior PFS and OS (p<0.05). According to the DHS, patients with ENKTL could be divided into three significantly different risk groups for PFS and OS (3-year PFS rate for DHS of 0, 1, and 2 was 60%, 41%, and 21%, respectively, p=0.008; 3-year OS rate for DHS of 0, 1, and 2 was 79%, 49%, and 33%, respectively, p=0.015). In multivariate survival analysis, it was found that DHS was an independent prognostic factor for both PFS and OS (p=0.006 and 0.011, respectively). Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that DHS can help identify patients with newly diagnosed ENKTL who are at a high risk for a poor clinical outcome, which needs to be validated in prospective clinical trials with patients treated uniformly.

17.
Oncotarget ; 8(3): 4245-4256, 2017 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28002803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The role of body mass index (BMI) in lymphoma survival outcomes is controversial. The prognostic significance of BMI in extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is unclear. We evaluated the prognostic role of BMI in patients with ENKTL. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 742 patients with newly diagnosed ENKTL. The prognostic value of BMI was compared between patients with low BMIs (< 20.0 kg/m2) and patients with high BMIs (≥ 20.0 kg/m2). The prognostic value of the International Prognostic Index (IPI) and the Korean Prognostic Index (KPI) was also evaluated and compared with that of the BMI classification. RESULTS: Patients with low BMIs tended to exhibit higher Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) scores (≥ 2) (P = 0.001), more frequent B symptoms (P < 0.001), lower albumin levels (P < 0.001), higher KPI scores (P = 0.03), and lower rates of complete remission (P < 0.001) than patients with high BMIs, as well as inferior progression-free survival (PFS, P = 0.003), and inferior overall survival (OS, P = 0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age > 60 years, mass > 5 cm, stage III/IV, elevated LDH levels, albumin levels < 35 g/L and low BMIs were independent adverse predictors of OS. The BMI classification was found to be superior to the IPI with respect to predicting patient outcomes among low-risk patients and the KPI with respect to distinguishing between intermediate-low- and high-intermediate-risk patients. CONCLUSIONS: Higher BMI at the time of diagnosis is associated with improved overall survival in ENKTL. Using the BMI classification may improve the IPI and KPI prognostic models.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Albuminas/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
18.
Onco Targets Ther ; 9: 6389-6397, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27799787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As smoking affects the body mass index (BMI) and causes the risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), the prognostic impact of BMI in ESCC could be stratified by smoking status. We investigated the true prognostic effect of BMI and its potential modification by smoking status in ESCC. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 459 patients who underwent curative treatment at a single institution between January 2007 and December 2010. BMI was calculated using the measured height and weight before surgery. Chi-square test was used to evaluate the relationships between smoking status and other clinicopathological variables. The Cox proportional hazard models were used for univariate and multivariate analyses of variables related to overall survival. RESULTS: BMI <18.5 kg/m2 was a significantly independent predictor of poor survival in the overall population and never smokers after adjusting for covariates, but not in ever smokers. Among never smokers, underweight patients (BMI <18.5 kg/m2) had a 2.218 times greater risk of mortality than non-underweight (BMI ≥18.5 kg/m2) patients (P=0.015). Among ever smokers, BMI <18 kg/m2 increased the risk of mortality to 1.656 (P=0.019), compared to those having BMI ≥18 kg/m2. CONCLUSION: Our study is likely the first to show that the prognostic effect of BMI was substantial in ESCC, even after stratifying by smoking status. Furthermore, the risk of death due to low BMI would be significantly increased in never smokers. We believe that the prognostic impact of BMI is modified but not eliminated by the smoking status in ESCC.

19.
Onco Targets Ther ; 9: 5875-5881, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27713641

RESUMO

Previous studies have found that radiotherapy (RT) dose less than 50 Gy resulted in inferior outcomes for early stage extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL). Nowadays, induction chemotherapy (CT) followed by RT consolidation is often used. For patients who get complete response (CR) after CT, whether RT dose can be safely reduced or not remains unknown. This retrospective study compared the survival outcomes between patients who received higher dose (>50 Gy) and lower dose (≤50 Gy) RT after CR was attained by CT. One hundred and forty four patients of early stage ENKTL got CR after induction CT and received RT consolidation. Thirty-one patients received lower dose RT (median 46 Gy, range, 36-50 Gy), and 113 patients received higher dose RT (median 56 Gy, range, 52-66 Gy). In univariate survival analysis, age >60, local tumor invasion, and non-asparaginase-based CT were associated with inferior progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). However, there were no differences in PFS and OS between patients treated with higher and lower dose RT, which was confirmed in the multivariate survival analysis. Furthermore, reduced dose RT did not affect local control rate. Most common RT-related side effects were grade 1/2 mucositis and dermatitis, and the incidence rate of grade 3 mucositis or dermatitis was lower in patients treated with reduced dose RT (9.7% vs 15.0% for mucositis, and 6.5% vs 17.7% for dermatitis). In conclusion, this study found that RT dose could be safely reduced without compromising survival outcomes and further improved RT-related side effects. Prospective randomized controlled trials are warranted to validate our findings.

20.
Med Oncol ; 33(11): 125, 2016 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27743200

RESUMO

Recombinant human lymphotoxin-α derivative (rhLTα-Da) is a lymphotoxin-α derivative missing 27 N-terminal amino acid residues. This multicenter phase IIa trial was conducted to evaluate the safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics of rhLTα-Da with cisplatin (DDP) and 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) for metastatic esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) and gastric adenocarcinoma (GC). Two different rhLTα-Da doses (10 µg/m2/d and 20 µg/m2/d) in combination with DDP and 5-Fu were evaluated in this study. The first 6 ESCC and 6 GC patients were given 10 µg/m2/d rhLTα-Da followed by DDP (15 mg/m2/d) and 5-Fu (750 mg/m2/d) on days 1-5. The next 6 ESCC and 6 GC patients were given 20 µg/m2/d rhLTα-Da after fewer than 2 of the 6 patients who received the 10 µg/m2/d dose exhibited dose-limiting rhLTα-Da-related toxicities. The treatment was 21 days a cycle until a maximum of 6. The rhLTα-Da pharmacokinetic analyses were performed. Twelve ESCC and 12 GC patients were enrolled. The toxicities were controllable and reversible. The most common adverse events related to rhLTα-Da were chills (37.5 %, 9/24) and fever (16.7 %, 4/24) (all grades 1-2). The overall response rates in the 10- and 20-µg/m2/d groups were 50 % (6/12) and 33.3 % (4/12), respectively, and the overall response rates of the ESCC and GC patients were 66.7 % (8/12) and 16.7 % (2/12), respectively. rhLTα-Da in combination with DDP and 5-Fu exhibited a tolerable toxicity profile. The addition of rhLTα-Da may enhance the anti-tumor efficacy of platinum-based chemotherapy in metastatic ESCC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacocinética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/administração & dosagem , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
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