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1.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(6)2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34643249

RESUMO

Glioma is a primary cerebral neoplasm that originates from glial tissue and spreads to the central nervous system. Long noncoding RNAs are known to play a role in glioma cells by regulating cell proliferation, migration and invasion. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism by which long intergenic non­protein coding RNA (LINC) 01138 affects glycolysis and proliferation in glioma cells via the microRNA (miR)­375/specificity protein 1 (SP1) axis. LINC01138 expression was assessed in glioma tissues and cells using reverse transcription­quantitative PCR and the association between LINC01138 and patient clinicopathological features was analyzed. Glucose uptake, lactic acid secretion, cell proliferation, and glycolysis­related enzyme levels were detected following LINC01138 silencing using CCK­8, EDU assay and western blot analysis. miR­375 and SP1 expression levels were also assessed, and the distribution of LINC01138 in the nucleus and cytoplasm was investigated using subcellular fractionation localization. Furthermore, the binding relationships between LINC01138 and miR­375, and between miR­375 and SP1 were assessed via dual­luciferase experiment, RIP and RNA pull­down assays. Finally, xenograft transplantation models were used to verify the in vitro results. LINC01138 was highly expressed in glioma, which was independent of patient sex or age but was significantly related to tumor diameter, the World Health Organization tumor grade and lymph node metastasis. Silencing LINC01138 significantly reduced glioma glycolysis and cell proliferation. Moreover, LINC01138 acted as a competing endogenous RNA to sponge miR­375 and promote SP1 expression. miR­375 inhibition significantly reversed the effect of LINC01138 silencing. In addition, silencing LINC01138 significantly reduced tumor growth in vivo. The present study demonstrated that silencing LINC01138 inhibited aerobic glycolysis and thus reduced glioma cell proliferation, potentially by modulating the miR­375/SP1 axis.

2.
Vaccine ; 39(44): 6510-6519, 2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the potent and broad neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) against enterovirus A (EV-A) in vitro and in vivo induced by enterovirus A71(EVA71) and coxsackievirus 16 (CVA16) co-immunization. METHODS: The mAb was Generated by co-immunization with EVA71 and CVA16 through hybridomas technology. The characteristics and neutralizing ability of mAb were analysed in vitro and in mice. RESULTS: We screened three mAb, the IgM antibody M20 and IgG antibody B1 and C31. All three antibodies showed cross-reactivity against tetra-EV-As. However, M20 showed potent and broad neutralizing ability against tetra-EV-As than B1 and C31. Meanwhile, M20 provided cross-antiviral efficacy in tetra-EV-As orally infected mice. Moreover, M20 binds to a conserved neutralizing epitope within the GH loop of tetra-EV-As VP1. CONCLUSIONS: M20 and its property exhibited potent and broad antiviral activity against tetra-EV-As, and that is expected to be a potential preventive and therapeutic candidate against EV-As.

3.
Mol Oncol ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543520

RESUMO

We studied the value of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in predicting early postoperative tumor recurrence and monitoring tumor burden in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Plasma-free DNA, germline DNA, and tissue DNA were isolated from 41 patients with HCC. Serial ctDNAs were analyzed by next-generation sequencing before and after operation. Whole-exome sequencing was used to detect the DNA of HCC and adjacent tissues. In total, 47 gene mutations were identified in the ctDNA of the 41 patients analyzed before surgery. ctDNA was detected in 63.4% and 46% of the patient plasma pre- and postoperation, respectively. The preoperative ctDNA positivity rate was significantly lower in the nonrecurrence group than in the recurrence group. With a median follow-up of 17.7 months, nine patients (22%) experienced tumor recurrence. ctDNA positivity at two time-points was associated with significantly shorter recurrence-free survival (RFS). Tumors with NRAS, NEF2L2, and MET mutations had significantly shorter times to recurrence than those without mutations and showed high recurrence prediction performance by machine learning. Multivariate analyses showed that the median variant allele frequency (VAF) of mutations in preoperative ctDNA was a strong independent predictor of RFS. ctDNA is a real-time monitoring indicator that can accurately reflect tumor burden. The median VAF of baseline ctDNA is a strong independent predictor of RFS in individuals with HCC.

4.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(36)2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475219

RESUMO

Group A rotaviruses cause severe gastroenteritis in infants and young children worldwide, with P[II] genogroup rotaviruses (RVs) responsible for >90% of global cases. RVs have diverse host ranges in different human and animal populations determined by host histo-blood group antigen (HBGA) receptor polymorphism, but details governing diversity, host ranges, and species barriers remain elusive. In this study, crystal structures of complexes of the major P[II] genogroup P[4] and P[8] genotype RV VP8* receptor-binding domains together with Lewis epitope-containing LNDFH I glycans in combination with VP8* receptor-glycan ligand affinity measurements based on NMR titration experiments revealed the structural basis for RV genotype-specific switching between ßß and ßα HBGA receptor-binding sites that determine RV host ranges. The data support the hypothesis that P[II] RV evolution progressed from animals to humans under the selection of type 1 HBGAs guided by stepwise host synthesis of type 1 ABH and Lewis HBGAs. The results help explain disease burden, species barriers, epidemiology, and limited efficacy of current RV vaccines in developing countries. The structural data has the potential to impact the design of future vaccine strategies against RV gastroenteritis.

5.
Acta Cir Bras ; 36(7): e360705, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495140

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of ferulic acid (FA) on spinal cord injury (SCI)-induced motor dysfunction and to explore the possible pharmacological mechanisms. METHODS: Adult male Wistar rats were used in our study. SCI was achieved by clipping the spinal cord T9 of the rat by a vascular clip for 2 minutes. The motor function of the rat was evaluated by Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan scoring method (BBB) and inclined plane test. Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, NISSL staining, and transmission electron microscopic examination were used to evaluate alterations at the histological level. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Western blots, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were employed in biochemical analysis. RESULTS: The BBB score and inclined plane test score significantly decreased after SCI surgery, whereas chronic FA treatment (dose of 90 mg/kg, i.g.) for 28 days improved SCI-induced motor dysfunction. HE staining showed that SCI surgery induced internal spinal cord edema, but the structural changes of the spinal cord could be reversed by FA treatment. NISSL staining and transmission electron microscopic examination confirmed the improvement of the effect of FA on the injury site. In the biochemical analysis, it could be found that FA inhibitedSCI-induced mRNA and protein overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α), as well as iNOS and COX-2 via the modulation of NF-κB level in the spinal cord of SCI rat. Moreover, the SCI-induced decrease of Bcl-2/Bax ratio was also reversed by FA treatment. However, the effect of FA on the expression of Beclin-1 was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: FA showed a therapeutic effect on SCI, which may be associated with the regulation of neuroinflammation and apoptosis.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Apoptose , Ácidos Cumáricos , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Medula Espinal , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico
6.
FASEB J ; 35(9): e21332, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423867

RESUMO

Emerging research has highlighted the capacity of microRNA-23a-3p (miR-23a-3p) to alleviate inflammatory pain. However, the molecular mechanism by which miR-23a-3p attenuates inflammatory pain is yet to be fully understood. Hence, the current study aimed to elucidate the mechanism by which miR-23a-3p influences inflammatory pain. Bioinformatics was initially performed to predict the inflammatory pain related downstream targets of miR-23a-3p in macrophage-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs). An animal inflammatory pain model was established using Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA). The miR-23a-3p expression was downregulated in the microglia of CFA-induced mice, after which the inflammatory factors were determined by ELISA. FISH and immunofluorescence were performed to analyze the co-localization of miR-23a-3p and microglia. Interestingly, miR-23a-3p was transported to the microglia via M2 macrophage-EVs, which elevated the mechanical allodynia and the thermal hyperalgesia thresholds in mice model. The miR-23a-3p downstream target, USP5, was found to stabilize HDAC2 via deubiquitination to promote its expression while inhibiting the expression of NRF2. Taken together, the key findings of the current study demonstrate that macrophage-derived EVs containing miR-23a-3p regulates the HDAC2/NRF2 axis by decreasing USP5 expression to alleviate inflammatory pain, which may provide novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of inflammatory pain.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilase 2/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Macrófagos/citologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Dor/metabolismo , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Enzimas Desubiquitinantes/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação para Baixo , Estabilidade Enzimática , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/terapia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/citologia , Microglia/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Dor/genética , Manejo da Dor , Proteases Específicas de Ubiquitina/genética , Ubiquitinação
7.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(8)2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413167

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by inflammation and immunopathogenesis. Accumulating evidence has shown that the cystathionine ß-synthase/hydrogen sulfide (CBS/H2S) axis is involved in the regulation of inflammation. However, roles of CBS in HCC development and immune evasion have not been systematically investigated, and their underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we investigated the roles of CBS in tumor cells and tumor microenvironment of HCC. METHODS: 236 HCC samples were collected to detect the expression of CBS, cleaved Caspase-3 and paired related homeobox 2 (PRRX2) and the number of immune cells. HCC cell lines were employed to examine the effects of CBS on cellular viability, apoptosis and signaling in vitro. Cbs heterozygous knockout mice, C57BL/6 mice, nude mice and non-obese diabetic severe combined immunodeficiency mice were used to investigate the in vivo functions of CBS. RESULTS: Downregulation of CBS was observed in HCC, and low expression of CBS predicted poor prognosis in HCC patients. CBS overexpression dramatically promoted cellular apoptosis in vitro and inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Activation of the Cbs/H2S axis also reduced the abundance of tumor-infiltrating Tregs, while Cbs deficiency promoted Tregs-mediated immune evasion and boosted tumor growth in Cbs heterozygous knockout mice. Mechanistically, CBS facilitated the expression cleaved Caspase-3 in tumor cells, and on the other hand, suppressed Foxp3 expression in Tregs via inactivating IL-6/STAT3 pathway. As a transcription factor of IL-6, PRRX2 was reduced by CBS. Additionally, miR-24-3p was proven to be an upstream suppressor of CBS in HCC. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate the antitumor function of CBS in HCC by inactivation of the PRRX2/IL-6/STAT3 pathway, which may serve as a potential target for HCC clinical immunotherapy.

8.
Pathogens ; 10(7)2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34357979

RESUMO

Noroviruses (NoVs) are a leading cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. P particles are a potential vaccine candidate against NoV. Simvastatin is a cholesterol-reducing drug that is known to increase NoV infectivity. In this study, we examined simvastatin's effects on P particle-induced protective efficacy and T-cell immunogenicity using the gnotobiotic pig model of human NoV infection and diarrhea. Pigs were intranasally inoculated with three doses (100 µg/dose) of GII.4/VA387-derived P particles together with monophosphoryl lipid A and chitosan adjuvants. Simvastatin-fed pigs received 8 mg/day orally for 11 days prior to challenge. A subset of pigs was orally challenged with 10 ID50 of a NoV GII.4/2006b variant at post-inoculation day (PID) 28 and monitored for 7 days post-challenge. Intestinal and systemic T cell responses were determined pre- and postchallenge. Simvastatin abolished the P particle's protection and significantly increased diarrhea severity after NoV infection. Simvastatin decreased proliferation of virus-specific and non-specific CD8 T cells in duodenum and virus-specific CD4 and CD8 T cells in spleen and significantly reduced numbers of intestinal mononuclear cells in vaccinated pigs. Furthermore, simvastatin significantly decreased numbers of duodenal CD4+IFN-γ+, CD8+IFN-γ+ and regulatory T cells and total duodenal activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in vaccinated pigs pre-challenge at PID 28. Following challenge, simvastatin prevented the IFN-γ+ T cell response in spleen of vaccinated pigs. These results indicate that simvastatin abolished P particle vaccine-induced partial protection through, at least in part, impairing T cell immunity. The findings have specific implications for the development of preventive and therapeutic strategies against NoV gastroenteritis, especially for the elderly population who takes statin-type drugs.

9.
Pathogens ; 10(7)2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358006

RESUMO

Human noroviruses (huNoVs) cause epidemic acute gastroenteritis with significant mortality and morbidity worldwide. However, there are no commercial vaccines or antivirals against these important pathogens so far. In this study, we found that bovine colostrum (bCM) inhibited huNoV VLPs and their capsid-protruding (P) domains binding to histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs) that are huNoV receptor or attachment factors for infection, suggesting that bCM may function as a natural antiviral against huNoVs. We then characterized the bCM for the functional inhibition components by sequentially separating bCM into multiple fractions through various chromatography approaches, followed by determining their inhibitory abilities against huNoV receptor-binding P protein interacting with HBGAs. The protein components of bCM functional fractions were examined by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE). Our data suggested that some milk proteins, likely in the form of glycoproteins, contribute to the observed blocking effects of bCM. Our findings lay an important foundation to further develop bCM into a potential natural antiviral against huNoVs.

10.
Light Sci Appl ; 10(1): 170, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417438

RESUMO

The past decade has seen a proliferation of topological materials for both insulators and semimetals in electronic systems and classical waves. Topological semimetals exhibit topologically protected band degeneracies, such as nodal points and nodal lines. Dirac nodal line semimetals (DNLS), which own four-fold line degeneracy, have drawn particular attention. DNLSs have been studied in electronic systems but there is no photonic DNLS. Here in this work, we provide a new mechanism, which is unique for photonic systems to investigate a stringent photonic DNLS. When truncated, the photonic DNLS exhibits double-bowl states (DBS), which comprise two sets of perpendicularly polarized surface states. In sharp contrast to nondegenerate surface states in other photonic systems, here the two sets of surface states are almost degenerate over the whole-spectrum range. The DBS and the bulk Dirac nodal ring (DNR) dispersion along the relevant directions, are experimentally resolved.

11.
FASEB J ; 35(8): e21779, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314047

RESUMO

The incredible mechanical strength and durability of mature fibrous tissues and their extremely limited turnover and regenerative capacity underscores the importance of proper matrix assembly during early postnatal growth. In tissues with composite extracellular matrix (ECM) structures, such as the adult knee meniscus, fibrous (Collagen-I rich), and cartilaginous (Collagen-II, proteoglycan-rich) matrix components are regionally segregated to the outer and inner portions of the tissue, respectively. While this spatial variation in composition is appreciated to be functionally important for resisting complex mechanical loads associated with gait, the establishment of these specialized zones is poorly understood. To address this issue, the following study tracked the growth of the murine meniscus from its embryonic formation through its first month of growth, encompassing the critical time-window during which animals begin to ambulate and weight bear. Using histological analysis, region specific high-throughput qPCR, and Col-1, and Col-2 fluorescent reporter mice, we found that matrix and cellular features defining specific tissue zones were already present at birth, before continuous weight-bearing had occurred. These differences in meniscus zones were further refined with postnatal growth and maturation, resulting in specialization of mature tissue regions. Taken together, this work establishes a detailed timeline of the concurrent spatiotemporal changes that occur at both the cellular and matrix level throughout meniscus maturation. The findings of this study provide a framework for investigating the reciprocal feedback between cells and their evolving microenvironments during assembly of a mechanically robust fibrocartilage tissue, thus providing insight into mechanisms of tissue degeneration and effective regenerative strategies.


Assuntos
Cartilagem , Colágeno/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Menisco , Animais , Cartilagem/embriologia , Cartilagem/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cartilagem/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Menisco/embriologia , Menisco/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Menisco/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos
12.
Biomaterials ; 276: 121015, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273687

RESUMO

Activation of modeling-based bone formation (MBF - bone formation without prior activation of bone resorption), has been identified as an important mechanism by which anabolic agents, such as intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH), rapidly elicit new bone formation. Using a novel cryohistology imaging platform, coupled with sequential multicolor fluorochrome injections, we demonstrated that MBF and remodeling-based bone formation (RBF) in the adult rat tibia model have similar contributions to trabecular bone homeostasis. PTH treatment resulted in a 2.4-4.9 fold greater bone formation rate over bone surface (BFR/BS) by RBF and a 4.3-8.5 fold greater BFR/BS by MBF in male, intact female, and ovariectomized female rats. Moreover, regardless of bone formation type, once a formation site is activated by PTH, mineral deposition continues throughout the entire treatment duration. Furthermore, by tracking the sequence of multicolor fluorochrome labels, we discovered that MBF, a highly efficient but often overlooked regenerative mechanism, is activated more rapidly but attenuated faster than RBF in response to PTH. This suggests that MBF and RBF contribute differently to PTH's anabolic effect in rats: MBF has a greater contribution to the acute elevation in bone mass at the early stage of treatment while RBF contributes to the sustained treatment effect.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos , Osteogênese , Animais , Densidade Óssea , Feminino , Masculino , Ovariectomia , Hormônio Paratireóideo , Ratos , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Biophys J ; 120(15): 3180-3191, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34197803

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial cells and circulating red blood cell (RBC) surfaces are both covered by a layer of bushy glycocalyx. The interplay between these glycocalyx layers is hardly measurable and insufficiently understood. This study aims to investigate and qualify the possible interactions between the glycocalyces of RBCs and endothelial cells using mathematical modeling and numerical simulation. Dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) simulations are conducted to investigate the response of the endothelial glycocalyx (EG) to varying ambient conditions. A two-compartment model including EG and flow and a three-compartment model comprising EG, RBC glycocalyx, and flow are established. The two-compartment analysis shows that a relatively fast flow is associated with a predominantly bending motion of the EG, whereas oscillatory motions are predominant in a relatively slow flow. Results show that circulating RBCs cause the contactless deformation of EG. Its deformation is dependent on the chain layout, chain length, bending stiffness, RBC-to-EG distance, and RBC velocities. Specifically, shorter EG chains or RBC-to-EG distance leads to greater relative deflections of EG. Deformation of EG is enhanced when the EG chains are rarefied or RBCs move faster. The bending stiffness maintains stretching conformation of EG. Moreover, a compact EG chain layout and shedding EG chains disturb the neighboring flow field, causing disordered flow velocity distributions. In contrast, the movement of EG chains on RBC surfaces exerts a marginal driving force on RBCs. The DPD method is used for the first time, to our knowledge, in the three-compartment system to explore the cross talk between EG and RBC glycocalyx. This study suggests that RBCs drive the EG deformation via the near-field flow, whereas marginal propulsion of RBCs by the EG is observed. These new, to our knowledge, findings provide a new angle to understand the roles of glycocalyx in mechanotransduction and microvascular permeability and their perturbations under idealized pathophysiologic conditions associated with EG degradation.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Glicocálix , Simulação por Computador , Eritrócitos , Mecanotransdução Celular
14.
Neurochem Int ; 148: 105097, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119591

RESUMO

The present study aims to investigate the influence of sex/age on depressive-like behaviors in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged mice model, and explore the underlying mechanisms. Tail suspension test and forced swimming test were used to evaluate the depressive-like behaviors. SIRT1 mRNA expression was assessed by PCR. Levels of 17ß-estradiol (E2), SIRT1, NF-κB, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). In the behavior tests, under the same LPS stimulation, significant depressive-like behavior was observed in young male mice but not in young female mice, however, female mice were more likely to be depressed than male mice in the old age. Moreover, we found age-related depression difference existed only in female mice. In the experiments of mechanism exploration in old female mice, E2 improved LPS-induced depressive-like behavior, and simultaneously elevated SIRT1 levels and downregulated expressions of NF-κB and inflammatory cytokines in the hippocampus and frontal cortex. Interestingly, ERα inhibition, not ERß inhibition, abolished E2's function. Additionally, SIRT1 antagonist also reversed E2's effects on depressive-like behavior and the expressions of NF-κB and inflammatory cytokines. These results suggested that E2 could protect the old female mice from depression via E2/ERα/SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway. In other words, LPS-induced depression was associated with ER-α/SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway in old female mice. By comparing the results of mechanism exploration in old male mice and old female mice and the different expression levels of E2, SIRT1, NF-κB and inflammatory cytokines in young female mice and old female mice, we speculate that the age or gender-related depression difference may be associated with the different activation levels of the ERα/SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway.

15.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 36(1): 1198-1204, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34074203

RESUMO

Nematode chitinases play vital roles in various physiological processes, including egg hatching, larva moulting, and reproduction. Small-molecule inhibitors of nematode chitinases have potential applications for controlling nematode pests. On the basis of the crystal structure of CeCht1, a representative chitinase indispensable to the eggshell chitin degradation of the model nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, we have discovered a series of novel inhibitors bearing a (R)-3,4-diphenyl-4,5-dihydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrazol-6(2H)-one scaffold by hierarchical virtual screening. The crystal structures of CeCht1 complexed with two of these inhibitors clearly elucidated their interactions with the enzyme active site. Based on the inhibitory mechanism, several analogues with improved inhibitory activities were identified, among which the compound PP28 exhibited the most potent activity with a Ki value of 0.18 µM. This work provides the structural basis for the development of novel nematode chitinase inhibitors.


Assuntos
Quitinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Animais , Quitinases/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Estrutura Molecular , Nematoides/enzimologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res ; 23(4): 579-592, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alveolar ridge preservation can effectively decrease alveolar ridge resorption following tooth extraction, but it can be limited by reducing new bone formation and residual bone graft material. Efforts to develop more efficacious approaches are thus an area of active research. PURPOSE: To assess the impact of autologous concentrated growth factors (CGF) on alveolar ridge absorption and osteogenesis following posterior tooth extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients were randomly assigned to have extraction sockets treated with CGF or no treatment. At 10 days, 1 month, and 3 months postextraction, soft tissue color and texture were examined and evaluated with healing score. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were performed before and 3 months after extraction, while radiographic analyses were used to assess vertical and horizontal bone changes. Bone samples were collected from the extraction sockets during implant placement, and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) scans and histological analysis were performed to evaluate new bone formation. t-Test or Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare data and the level of statistical significance was set at 0.05 for all analyses. RESULTS: Forty-six patients completed the trial. Sockets in the experimental group exhibited significantly better healing score on Day 10 postextraction relative to the control group, whereas comparable healing was observed in both groups at 1 and 3 months postextraction. Experimental group exhibited reduced vertical bone changes relative to the control (p < 0.05). Significant reductions were observed in ridge width changes at 1 and 2 mm apical to the crest (p < 0.05), although differences at 3 and 5 mm apical to the crest were not significant. Significant differences of bone mineral density (BMD) and microarchitecture of trabecular bone were observed via micro-CT analyses, and the experimental group had better results. CONCLUSION: CGF application following posterior tooth extraction may reduce vertical and horizontal bone resorption and promote new bone formation.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar , Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Perda do Osso Alveolar/etiologia , Perda do Osso Alveolar/prevenção & controle , Processo Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Processo Alveolar/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Alvéolo Dental/diagnóstico por imagem , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia , Microtomografia por Raio-X
17.
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A ; 31(7): 829-838, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34076504

RESUMO

Purpose: Evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and open surgery in the treatment of neuroblastoma (NB) in children by a meta-analysis. Materials and Methods: This is a meta-analysis. We searched for random or nonrandomized controlled study of MIS group and OPEN surgery group for the treatment of childhood NB included in PubMed, ClinicalTrials, EMBASE, and Cochrane library before January 31, 2020. Data extraction was performed in a standard format for the included studies, including tumor diameter, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, length of hospital stay (LOHS), complications, recurrence, and MYCN. Results: Seven retrospective studies were finally included, with a total of 571 children, including 162 in MIS group and 409 in the OPEN surgery group. Compared with the OPEN surgery group, the MIS group had reduced intraoperative bleeding (mean difference [MD] = -12.72, 95% CI: -24.84 to -0.61, P < .05), and reduced l LOHS (MD = -3.35, 95% CI: -5.55 to -1.15, P < .05) and decreased postoperative recurrence (MD = 0.20, 95% CI: 0.05-0.75, P < .05). The differences between the groups were statistically significant. There was no significant difference between groups in tumor diameter (MD = -18.84, 95% CI: -48.12 to 10.43, P > .05), operation time (MD = -21.7, 95% CI: -97.52 to 54.13, P > .05), and MYCN results (odds ratio = 2.27, 95% CI: 0.56-9.18, P > .05). Conclusions: Preliminary evidence indicates that the treatment of NB with MIS has the advantages of less intraoperative bleeding, shorter LOHS, and less postoperative recurrence compared with open surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Neuroblastoma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Criança , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Duração da Cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 683-4, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085489

RESUMO

On the base of the principle of penetrating moxibustion and in combination with free adjustment devices such as movable U-shaped moxa stick holder and movable clamp, a new type of moxibustion box exerted on the head is designed, with precise positioning and sufficient heat intensity. Baihui moxibustion box is composed of two sections, i.e. body section and pillow section, which is as one structure. There are several vertical bar-shaped holes distributed evenly on the movable door outside moxa box. The U-shaped moxa stick holder on the inner side of the bar-shaped hole is connected with the fixed clamp on the outside, which is movable up and down, forward and backward for height adjustment. Such moxibustion box is characterized as accurate positioning, energy saving, temperature control and manpower saving.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Temperatura Alta , Temperatura , Recursos Humanos
19.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(2): 187-190, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109360

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare apical root resorption of maxillary incisors between adolescents and adults after orthodontic treatment. METHODS: Patients receiving orthodontic treatment in Affiliated Hospital of Chifeng University from May 2014 to August 2016 were enrolled, and divided into two age groups: adolescent group (32) and adult group (36). The included subjects received orthodontic fixed appliance treatment with straight-wire technique combined with Hawley type retainer for one year. After treatment, all patients were followed up for one year. Then the apical root resorption of maxillary incisors was evaluated by cone-beam CT (CBCT) at 4 time points, including pre-treatment (T1), end of treatment (T2), 6 months after treatment (T3), and 12 months after treatment (T4). Data were processed by SPSS 20.0 software package. RESULTS: The external root volume of maxillary central incisor, lateral incisors, mandibular central incisors and mandibular lateral incisors of both sides at T2-T4 was significantly lower than that at T1(P<0.05). There was partial increase in root volume of both groups at T3 and T4, while no significant difference from that at T2 (P>0.05). △root volume T3-T2 and △root volume T4-T3 had no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). △root volume T3-T2 in the adolescent group was significantly smaller than that in the adult group (P<0.05). Correlation analysis showed that the △root volumeT1-T2 was significantly positively correlated with age (P<0.05), meanwhile △root volume T3-T2 and △root volume T4-T3 were negatively correlated with age (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Age is an important factor affecting the volume of root after orthodontic treatment. Adolescent patients with Class II division 1 malocclusion have a strong ability of self-healing after orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Reabsorção da Raiz , Adolescente , Adulto , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Incisivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Reabsorção da Raiz/diagnóstico por imagem , Ápice Dentário
20.
Microsc Microanal ; : 1-9, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085628

RESUMO

We introduce a novel composite holey gold support that prevents cryo-crinkling and reduces beam-induced motion of soft specimens, building on the previously introduced all-gold support. The composite holey gold support for high-resolution cryogenic electron microscopy of soft crystalline membranes was fabricated in two steps. In the first step, a holey gold film was transferred on top of a molybdenum grid. In the second step, a continuous thin carbon film was transferred onto the holey gold film. This support (Au/Mo grid) was used to image crystalline synthetic polymer membranes. The low thermal expansion of Mo is not only expected to avoid cryo-crinkling of the membrane when the grids are cooled to cryogenic temperatures, but it may also act to reduce whatever crinkling existed even before cooling. The Au/Mo grid exhibits excellent performance with specimens tilted to 45°. This is demonstrated by quantifying beam-induced motion and differences in local defocus values. In addition, images of specimens on the Au/Mo grids that are tilted at 45° show high-resolution information of the crystalline membranes that, after lattice-unbending, extends beyond 1.5 Å in the direction perpendicular to the tilt axis.

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