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1.
Zool Res ; 42(5): 650-659, 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472226

RESUMO

Phosphatidylserine (PS) is distributed asymmetrically in the plasma membrane of eukaryotic cells. Phosphatidylserine flippase (P4-ATPase) transports PS from the outer leaflet of the lipid bilayer to the inner leaflet of the membrane to maintain PS asymmetry. The ß subunit TMEM30A is indispensable for transport and proper function of P4-ATPase. Previous studies have shown that the ATP11A and TMEM30A complex is the molecular switch for myotube formation. However, the role of Tmem30a in skeletal muscle regeneration remains elusive. In the current study, Tmem30a was highly expressed in the tibialis anterior (TA) muscles of dystrophin-null ( mdx) mice and BaCl 2-induced muscle injury model mice. We generated a satellite cell (SC)-specific Tmem30a conditional knockout (cKO) mouse model to investigate the role of Tmem30a in skeletal muscle regeneration. The regenerative ability of cKO mice was evaluated by analyzing the number and diameter of regenerated SCs after the TA muscles were injured by BaCl 2-injection. Compared to the control mice, the cKO mice showed decreased Pax7 + and MYH3 + SCs, indicating diminished SC proliferation, and decreased expression of muscular regulatory factors (MYOD and MYOG), suggesting impaired myoblast proliferation in skeletal muscle regeneration. Taken together, these results demonstrate the essential role of Tmem30a in skeletal muscle regeneration.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Regeneração/fisiologia , Células Satélites de Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Distrofina/genética , Distrofina/metabolismo , Antagonistas de Estrogênios/toxicidade , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Genótipo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos mdx , Camundongos Knockout , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína MyoD/genética , Proteína MyoD/metabolismo , Miogenina/genética , Miogenina/metabolismo , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição PAX7/genética , Fator de Transcrição PAX7/metabolismo , Regeneração/genética , Tamoxifeno/toxicidade
2.
Genet Test Mol Biomarkers ; 25(8): 546-550, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406848

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the associations of common mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: Data from 286 longevous individuals aged 95 years or older from the longevity arm from the Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study (RuLAS) were used. Twenty-eight common haplogroups defined by 33 single nucleotide polymorphisms were genotyped using SNaPshot minisequencing reaction assays. The creatinine-based estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation. Results: The prevalence of CKD was 23.6% among the longevous participants aged 95 years and older. The D haplogroup (67.37 ± 14.72 vs. 70.65 ± 11.07, p = 0.045), the D5 haplogroup (60.86 ± 18.36 vs. 70.34 ± 11.53, p = 0.002), and the 5178A allele (67.23 ± 14.48 vs. 70.75 ± 11.10, p = 0.029) were associated with lower eGFR levels compared with noncarriers. The D5 haplogroup (13.8% vs. 3.6%, p = 0.005) was significantly higher, while D haplogroup (35.4% vs. 24%, p = 0.067) and the 5178A allele (36.9% vs. 24.9%, p = 0.056) were borderline significantly higher in CKD individuals than those without CKD. Further, after adjusting for multiple covariates, the D haplogroup, the D5 haplogroup, and the 5178A allele were associated with increased odds of CKD with odds ratios of 1.93 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00-3.72, p = 0.050), 4.76 (95% CI: 1.49-15.22, p = 0.009) and 2.04 (95% CI: 1.05-3.96, p = 0.035), respectively. Conclusions: The D and D5 haplogroups, as well as the 5178A allele are associated with decreased eGFR levels and an increased risk of CKD in a longevous population.

3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(7): 2407-2414, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313058

RESUMO

Evapotranspiration (ET) is an important part of water cycle and energy flow in ecosystem. Accurate estimation of ET and its components is critical for understanding the impacts of ecophysiological processes on ecosystem water balance and plant water use strategy. Using the eddy-covariance technique and the micro-lysimeter, we measured ET, evaporation (E), transpiration (T) of the Artemisia ordosica-Hedysarum fruticosum var. mongolicum shrubland in the Mu Us Desert during May 20 to September 15, 2019, quantified the ET components, and analyzed the seasonal characteristics and influencing factors of ET and its components. The results showed that T was the main component of ET in the growing season, with a T/ET of 53.1%. T/ET increased and E/ET decreased as precipitation decreased. The partitioning of evapotranspiration was regulated by precipi-tation. At the seasonal scale, the value of E was positively correlated with soil water content at 10 cm depth (SWC10) and net radiation (Rn), while SWC10 was the main factor influencing E. The value of T increased with the increases of Rn and leaf area index (LAI), and increased first and then decreased with the increases of soil water content at 30 cm layer (SWC30). T was affected by SWC30, Rn and LAI. Moisture was the main influencing factor of ET. The ET/P in the growing season was 109.2% and was 250.5% in May, indicating that the water consumption of ET in early growing season was partly from the precipitation in non-growing season.


Assuntos
Artemisia , Ecossistema , China , Transpiração Vegetal , Estações do Ano , Solo , Água
4.
Eur J Neurol ; 28(8): 2680-2687, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905575

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Motoric cognitive risk syndrome (MCR) is characterized by slow walking speed and subjective memory complaints (SMCs). This study investigated the prevalence and potential risk factors of MCR and its association with falls in Chinese community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: The analysis was based on data from the Rugao Longevity and Aging Study (RuLAS). MCR was defined as the presence of both SMCs and slow walking speed in participants free of major neurocognitive disorders. SMCs were determined according to a positive answer to the question 'Do you feel you have more problems with memory than most?' in the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale. Slow walking speed was defined as one standard deviation or more below the mean value for patients' age and sex. Data on falls were derived from a standardized questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of SMCs, slow walking speed and MCR in the RuLAS cohort (N = 1592) was 51.9%, 15.6% and 8.3%, respectively. After adjusting for other covariates, an occupation of farming (odds ratio [OR] 2.358, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.007-5.521, p = 0.048), history of cerebrovascular disease (OR 2.215, 95% CI 1.032-4.752, p = 0.041) and hospitalization (OR 2.008, 95% CI 1.120-3.602, p = 0.019) were risk factors for MCR. Binary logistic regression analysis indicated that the risk of falls was increased by MCR (OR 1.547, 95% CI 1.009-2.371), SMC (OR 1.308, 95% CI 1.003-1.707) and slow walking speed (OR 1.442, 95% CI 1.030-2.017). CONCLUSIONS: Early identification of potential risk factors of MCR can prevent the occurrence of adverse health events such as falls in the elderly.


Assuntos
Cognição , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
5.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(11): 1101-1116, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33776376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China has a high prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), but most chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients do not receive standardized antiviral therapy. There are few relevant reports addressing the outcomes of the large number of CHB patients who do not receive antiviral therapy. AIM: To observe the outcomes of long-term follow-up of patients with CHB without antiviral treatment. METHODS: This study included 362 patients with CHB and 96 with hepatitis B cirrhosis without antiviral treatment and with only liver protection and anti-inflammatory treatment from 1993 to 1998. The median follow-up times were 10 and 7 years, respectively. A total of 203 CHB and 129 hepatitis B cirrhosis patients receiving antiviral therapy were selected as the control groups. The median follow-up times were 8 and 7 years, respectively. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to analyze the cumulative incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the Cox regression model was used to analyze the risk factors for HCC. RESULTS: Among the patients in the non-antiviral group, 16.9% had spontaneous decreases in HBV DNA to undetectable levels, and 32.8% showed hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion. In the antiviral group, 87.2% of patients had undetectable HBV DNA, and 52% showed HBeAg seroconversion. Among CHB and hepatitis B cirrhosis patients, the cumulative incidence rates of HCC were 14.9% and 53.1%, respectively, in the non-antiviral group and were 10.7% and 31.9%, respectively, in the antiviral group. There was no difference between the two groups regarding the CHB patients (P = 0.842), but there was a difference between the groups regarding the hepatitis B cirrhosis patients (P = 0.026). The cumulative incidence rates of HCC were 1.6% and 22.3% (P = 0.022) in the groups with and without spontaneous HBeAg seroconversion, respectively. The incidence rates of HCC among patients with and without spontaneous declines in HBV DNA to undetectable levels were 1.6% and 19.1%, respectively (P = 0.051). There was no difference in the cumulative incidence of HCC between the two groups regarding the patients with drug-resistant CHB (P = 0.119), but there was a significant difference between the two groups regarding the patients with cirrhosis (P = 0.004). The Cox regression model was used for regression of the corrected REACH-B score, which showed that alanine aminotransferase > 400 U/L, history of diabetes, and family history of liver cancer were risk factors for HCC among men aged > 40 years (P < 0.05). Multifactorial analysis showed that a family history of HCC among men was a risk factor for HCC. CONCLUSION: Antiviral therapy and non-antiviral therapy with liver protection and anti-inflammatory therapy can reduce the risk of HCC. Antiviral therapy may mask the spontaneous serological response of some patients during CHB. Therefore, the effect of early antiviral therapy on reducing the incidence of HCC cannot be overestimated.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Adulto , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Seguimentos , Antígenos E da Hepatite B , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Incidência , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Masculino
6.
Mol Med ; 26(1): 70, 2020 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is one of the most common gynecologic cancers and has high mortality rate due to the lack of early diagnosis method and efficient therapeutic agents. circCELSR1 is up-regulated in ovarian cancer, but its role and mechanisms in ovarian cancer are unclear. METHODS: Gene expression of circCELSR1, miR-598 and BRD4 in ovarian cells was examined by qRT-PCR. Protein level was determined by Western blotting. Bioinformatic analysis and luciferase assay determined the molecular binding among circCELSR1, miR-598 and BRD4 3' UTR. Cell proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis were determined by colony formation, wound healing assay, transwell assay and flow cytometry analysis, respectively. An abdominal cavity metastasis nude mice model was used to determine the in vivo function of circCELSR1. RESULTS: circCELSR1 and BRD4 were promoted, but miR-598 was suppressed in various ovarian cancer cells. circCELSR1 bound to miR-598 and promoted expression of its downstream target BRD4. Knockdown of circCELSR1 suppressed proliferation, migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), but promoted apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells, and these effects were reversed by miR-598 inhibition or BRD4 overexpression. circCELSR1 inhibition decreased the expression of BRD4 and its downstream proliferation/migration related genes by targeting miR-598. Furthermore, knockdown of circCELSR1 suppressed ovarian cancer growth and metastasis in nude mice. CONCLUSION: Knockdown of circCELSR1 inhibited BRD4-mediated proliferation/migration related signaling via sponging miR-598, thereby repressing ovarian cancer progression. This study provides a new regulatory mechanism of ovarian cancer may facilitate the development of therapeutic agents for ovarian cancer.

7.
Psychogeriatrics ; 20(5): 691-698, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32558008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between frailty and incident depressive symptoms in a Chinese elderly sample. METHODS: We analysed data of 1264 older Chinese elders aged 70-87 years in the Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study. The frailty phenotype was assessed using the Fried criteria and depression symptoms was measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale. RESULTS: At baseline, 10.6% of participants had depressive symptoms and 9.0% had frailty. In cross-sectional analysis, both pre-frailty (odds ratio (OR) = 2.18, 95% CI 1.35-3.51) and frailty (OR = 4.64, 95% CI 2.49-8.66) were associated with depressive symptoms. In longitudinal analyses, frailty (OR = 2.12, 95% CI 1.17-3.83), instead of pre-frailty, was associated with 1.5-year incident depressive symptoms in a full-adjusted model among participants free of baseline depressive symptoms. In the components of frailty, lower grip strength was associated with increased risk of depressive symptoms onset (OR = 1.56, 95% CI 1.06-2.29). CONCLUSIONS: Frailty and lower grip strength were associated with incident depressive symptoms in a Chinese elderly sample. Interventions designed to prevent depressive symptoms may be useful by utilising physical aspects of the elderly population.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Depressão , Fragilidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Longevidade
8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 339-342, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027300

RESUMO

Abstract  The minimal residual disease (MRD) is the origin element that caused the relapse and drug resistance of hematological malignancies, the immune cells play a great role to clear MRD. A variety of immune cells have anti-tumor effects. However, tumor cells antagonize anti-tumor effects by reprogramming of constituents associated with tumor environment. Many different cell types, including immune cells, mesenchymal cells and tumor cells in tumor microenvironment release exosomes. The latest researches indicate that "cargo" and surface ligands carried by exosomes secreted by hematological malignant cells not only can affect the function of natural killer cell (migration, activation, proliferation, secretion and NKG2D expression), macrophage (migration and secretion) and dendritic cell (maturation and presentation), but also regulate the expression of PD-L1 and CCR2, CCL2 secretion and transformation of monocytes. The altered function of immune cells will eventually have effect on the progression of hematological malignancies.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Microambiente Tumoral
9.
BMC Geriatr ; 20(1): 9, 2020 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that poor sleep quality or abnormal sleep duration may be associated with frailty. Here we test the associations of sleep disturbances with both frailty and pre-frailty in an elderly population. METHODS: Participants included 1726 community-dwelling elders aged 70-87 years. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess sleep disturbances. Frailty was defined using phenotype criteria. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratio of the associations. RESULTS: The average PSQI score was 5.4 (SD, 3.1). Overall 43.6% of the participants had poor sleep quality (PSQI> 5), 8.2% had night sleep time ≤ 5 h, and 27.8% had night sleep time ≥ 9 h. The prevalence of frailty and pre-frailty was 9.2 and 52.8%, respectively. The proportions of PSQI> 5 increased with the severity of frailty status (robust: pre-frail: frail, 34.5%: 48%: 56.1%, P < 0.001). After adjustment for multiple potential confounders, poor sleep quality (PSQI> 5) was associated with higher odds of frailty (OR = 1.78, 95% CI 1.19-2.66) and pre-frailty (OR = 1.51, 95% CI 1.20-1.90). Sleep latency, sleep disturbance, and daytime dysfunction components of PSQI measurements were also associated with frailty and pre-frailty. In addition, sleep time 9 h/night was associated with higher odds of frailty and pre-frailty. CONCLUSIONS: We provided preliminary evidences that poor sleep quality and prolonged sleep duration were associated with being frailty and pre-frailty in an elderly population aged 70-87 years. The associations need to be validated in other elderly populations.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Fragilidade , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Humanos , Longevidade , Masculino , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
10.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 32(2): 305-311, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004283

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To explore whether frailty, defined by frailty index (FI), is associated with the risk of elevated B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), a surrogate endpoint of cardiovascular events. METHODS: Data of 1382 community-dwelling elders who had no documented cardiovascular diseases aged 70-84 years from the ageing arm of the Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study was used. Traditional risk factor index (TI) was constructed using eight established cardiovascular-related risk factors. FI was constructed using 36 health deficits. Elevated BNP was defined as BNP ≥ 100pg/mL. Cardiovascular events include incident major cardiovascular events and cardiovascular death. RESULTS: During a 3-year follow-up period, 97 participants had cardiovascular events. TI was not associated with the risk of elevated BNP, but was associated with cardiovascular events (HR = 1.16, 95% CI 1.01-1.34). Frailty index was not only associated with cardiovascular events (HR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.06-1.64), but also associated with elevated BNP with an OR of 1.22 (95% CI 1.02-1.47) for each 0.1 increment. Further, both frailty (OR = 1.93, 95% CI 1.67-3.17) and pre-frailty (OR = 1.54, 95% CI 1.06-2.25) were associated with increased risk of elevated BNP. CONCLUSION: FI is associated with increased risks of both cardiovascular events and surrogated endpoint of cardiovascular disease-elevated BNP. Frailty may be a non-traditional risk factor of cardiovascular diseases and frailty index may be a measurement for early identifying high risk elderly individuals of cardiovascular abnormities.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Fragilidade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Longevidade , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
11.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 32(11): 2297-2302, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aimed at investigating whether depression symptoms are associated with prevalent and incident physical frailty in Chinese older population. METHODS: We analyzed data of 1168 older Chinese adults aged 70 and above in the aging arm of the Rugao Longevity and Aging Study (RuLAS). Depressive symptoms (Geriatric Depression Scale ≥ 6) were assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Frailty was defined using Fried phenotype criteria at baseline and 3-year survey. RESULTS: At baseline, 8.9% of the participants had depression symptoms. The prevalence of pre-frailty and frailty were 34.5% and 5.9%, respectively. The percentages of depressive symptoms increase from robust (5.3%) to pre-frail (11.2%), and then to frail (31.9%) groups. After adjustments of multiple covariates, depressive symptoms were associated with both prevalent pre-frailty (OR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.08-2.84) and prevalent frailty (OR = 5.64, 95% CI 2.85-11.14) at baseline. At 3-year survey, 9.3% participants reported the development of frailty. After multiple adjustments, depressive symptoms were associated with a 2.79-fold (95% CI 1.09-7.10) increased risk of 3-year incident frailty. CONCLUSION: Depressive symptoms are associated with prevalent and incident frailty in Chinese older population. Together with the observations of the European populations, depressive symptoms may be a candidate risk factor of frailty.


Assuntos
Depressão , Fragilidade , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Longevidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Cancer Med ; 8(16): 7074-7085, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568657

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a common gynecologic malignancy characterized by extensive peritoneal metastasis and high mortality rate. ABHD11 Antisense RNA1 (ABHD11-AS1) has recently been identified as a regulator of growth and metastasis in multiple tumors, including EOC. However, the biological function and potential mechanism of ABHD11-AS1 in EOC remains poorly understood. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry, western blot, and qRT-PCR analysis were used to determine the expression pattern of ABHD11-AS1 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in both EOC tissues and cell lines, respectively. Colony formation, transwell and wound healing assays were performed to evaluate the roles of EGFR and ABHD11-AS1 on the capacity of cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Western blot analysis was performed to measure the regulation of EGFR pathway on STAT3. Moreover, chromatin immunoprecipitation was employed to demonstrate the interaction between ABHD11-AS1 and STAT3. RNA immunoprecipitation was subjected to prove the direct binding between ABHD11-AS1 and EZH2. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to measure the expression and localization of TIMP2. EOC mouse model was conducted for validating the role of ABHD11-AS1 in vivo. RESULTS: EGFR and ABHD11-AS1 were highly expressed in EOC tissues and cell lines. Knockdown of EGFR or ABHD11-AS1 inhibited cell growth, migration, and invasion of EOC cells. Expression of ABHD11-AS1 was regulated by the activation of EGFR signaling pathway, mediated by STAT3. Besides, ABHD11-AS1 was shown to silence TIMP2 by binding to chromatin-modifying enzyme EZH2. Furthermore, inhibition of EGFR pathway or ABHD11-AS1 repressed the tumor growth of EOC. CONCLUSION: We defined the regulatory relationship between the EGFR signaling pathway, ABHD11-AS1, EZH2, and TIMP2 suggesting that ABHD11-AS1 may act as an oncogene and a potential target for antitumor therapies in ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-2/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Ovário/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Oncol Lett ; 18(3): 2704-2711, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402956

RESUMO

The effects of the immediate early response 5 (IER5) gene on the sensitivity of HeLa cells to radiation remain unclear. In the present study, stably transfected HeLa cells resulting in the knockdown or overexpression of IER5 were investigated. In addition, xenografts of normal, IER5-silenced and -overexpressed HeLa cells were injected into nude mice and examined. The results demonstrated that the radiosensitivity of the IER5-overexpressed HeLa cells was significantly increased compared with that of the normal and IER5-silenced cells. The upregulation of IER5 effectively decreased cell proliferation and IER5 silencing promoted cell proliferation compared with that in the normal HeLa cells. Following irradiation of the cells with IER5 knockdown, cell cycle was arrested at the G2/M phase and an increase in the proportion of S phase cells was observed. By contrast, the overexpression of IER5 led to an increase in the proportion of G1 phase cells. Furthermore, the upregulation of IER5 inhibited tumor growth in vivo. The present findings demonstrate that the IER5 gene affects the radiosensitivity of HeLa cells and serves an important role in cell proliferation, suggesting that this gene may be a potential radiotherapeutic target in cervical cancer.

14.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 319, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) is a widely used mosquitocidal microbial pesticide due to its high toxicity. ATP-binding proteins (ABP) are prevalently detected in insects and are related to reaction against Bti toxins. However, the function of ABP in mosquito biocontrol is little known, especially in Aedes aegypti. Therefore, this study aimed to clarify the function of ABP in Ae. aegypti against Bti toxin. RESULTS: Aedes aegypti ABP (GenBank: XM_001661856.2) was cloned, expressed and purified in this study. Far-western blotting and ELISA were also carried out to confirm the interaction between ABP and Cry11Aa. A bioassay of Cry11Aa was performed both in the presence and absence of ABP, which showed that the mortality of Ae. aegypti is increased with an increase in ABP. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that ABP in Ae. aegypti can modulate the toxicity of Cry11Aa toxin to mosquitoes by binding to Bti toxin. This could not only enrich the mechanism of Bt toxin, but also provide more data for the biocontrol of this transmission vector.


Assuntos
Aedes/genética , Bacillus thuringiensis/patogenicidade , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Aedes/microbiologia , Animais , Toxinas de Bacillus thuringiensis , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Bioensaio , Clonagem Molecular , Endotoxinas/metabolismo , Proteínas Hemolisinas/metabolismo , Mosquitos Vetores/microbiologia , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Ligação Proteica
15.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 20(7): 956-966, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062668

RESUMO

Background: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the gynecologic malignant tumor with high mortality. Accumulating evidence indicates that M2-like tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) can secret EGF to participate in ovarian cancer growth, migration, and metastasis. An EGF-downregulated lncRNA, LIMT (lncRNA inhibiting metastasis), was identified as a critical regulator of mammary cell migration and invasion. Nevertheless, whether EGF secreted from M2-like TAMs regulates LIMT expression in ovarian cancer progression remains largely unknown. Methods: The human OC cell lines OV90 and OVCA429 were recruited in this study. The differentiation of the human monocyte cell line THP-1 into M2-like TAMs was confirmed using flow cytometry within the application of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). ELISA was performed to detect EGF concentration in co-culture system of M2-like TAMs and OC cell lines. Moreover, CCK-8, flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining of Ki67 were performed to assess the capacity of cell proliferation. Besides, cell migration and invasion were determined by wound healing and transwell assays. Furthermore, the expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers and EGFR/ERK signals were analyzed by qRT-PCR and western blot. Female athymic nude mice (8-12 weeks of age; n = 8 for each group) were recruited for in vivo study. Results: In the present study, THP-1 cells exhibited the phenotype markers of M2-like TAMs with low proportion of CD14+ marker and high proportion of CD68+, CD204+, CD206+ markers within the application of PMA. After co-culturing with M2-like TAMs, EGF concentration in the supernatants was significantly increased in a time-dependent manner. Besides, OC cells presented better cell viability, higher cell proliferation, and stronger migration and invasion. The expression of EMT-related markers N-cadherin, Vimentin and EGFR/ERK signals were markedly up-regulated, while E-cadherin was significantly decreased. However, these effects induced by co-culture system were reversed by the application of AG1478 (an EGFR inhibitor) or LIMT overexpression. Furthermore, the endogenous expression of LIMT was decreased in OC cell lines compared with the control group. Also, the in vivo experiments verified that the inhibition of EGFR signaling by AG1478 or overexpression of LIMT effectively repressed the tumor growth. Conclusion: Taken together, we demonstrated that EGF secreted by M2-like TAMs might suppress LIMT expression via activating EGFR-ERK signaling pathway to promote the progression of OC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/etiologia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/metabolismo , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/etiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/patologia , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Sobrevivência Celular , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Macrófagos/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
16.
Neurol Res ; 41(8): 728-733, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030646

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a physical- cognitive scale for assessment of frailty and compare the clinical features between the new scale and the conventional Fried criteria. Methods: 1757 individuals aged 70-84 were analyzed. Participants reporting three or more Fried phenotypes were grouped as frail patients (FP) whereas others as non-frail (NF). A score of Hasegawa's dementia scale (HDS-R) higher than 21.5 were classified as non-cognitive impairment group (NCI) group. By combining the cognitive and frailty criteria, participants manifesting three or more positive components out of the six were categorized into the Physical-cognitive frailty group (Pc-F) while others into non- Pc-F (Pc-NF). Results: Of all the participants, 46.7% (820) were males and 53.3% (937) were females. The mean age was 75.33 ± 3.90. 10.1% (178/1757) were evaluated as FP patients. The prevalence of CI was 53.2%; CI was much higher in the frail group (77.0%) than in the non-frail group (50.5%). Based on the new Pc-F scale, 163 out of 1579 NF participants were identified as Pc-F, and the prevalence of Pc-F reached 19.4% (341/1757). In the Pc-F group, there are more females, patients of advanced age, diabetes, stroke, CHD, CKD, metabolic syndrome, and high hs-CRP. Within the Pc-F group, patients with CI showed a higher incidence of exhaustion, low activity, weakness, and slowness than those without CI. Conclusions: Our study revealed a significantly worse status in frail participants with CI than without. Our new scale shows a stronger correlation between frailty and complications than the classic phenotype.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Disfunção Cognitiva/complicações , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/complicações , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
17.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 80: 115-119, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30448694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the associations of frailty phenotype and frailty index (FI) defined frailty and pre-frailty with mortality in a Chinese elderly population. METHODS: Data of 1788 community-dwelling elders aged 70-84 years from the ageing arm of Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study, a prospective cohort study, were used. Frailty phenotype was defined using modified Fried's phenotype (FP) criteria and FI was constructed using 45 health deficits. Mortality was ascertained using the Death Registry of Rugao's Civil Affairs Bureau. RESULTS: During 3-year follow-up, 149 (8.3%) of the 1788 elderly subjects died. For frailty phenotype, about 9.5% of the elderly were frail and 43% were pre-frail. For FI, frail (FI > 0.21) was approximately 27.5%, and pre-frail (FI: 0.1-0.21) was approximately 51.3%. Highest mortality was observed among frail participants defined by both FP and FI criteria (all Log Rank P < 0.05). Frailty defined by the frailty index was associated with a 2.31 fold (95% CI 1.16-4.6) risk of all-cause death compared with robust elderly. Compared with the robust elderly, not only frailty (HR 2.24, 95% CI 1.31-3.83) defined by frailty phenotype but also pre-frailty (HR 1.51, 95% CI 1.03-2.21) was associated with risk of all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Frailty, defined by either phenotype or index, is associated with increased risks of mortality in elderly Chinese community population.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Longevidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Fenótipo , Estudos Prospectivos , Risco
18.
Neural Regen Res ; 13(11): 1927-1936, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30233066

RESUMO

Nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes axonal growth in PC12 cells primarily by regulating the RTK-RAS-MEK-ERK pathway. Panaxydol, a polyacetylene isolated from Panax notoginseng, can mimic the effects of NGF. Panaxydol promotes neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells, but its molecular mechanism remains unclear. Indeed, although alkynol compounds such as panaxydol can increase intracellular cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) levels and the ERK inhibitor U0126 inhibits alkynol-induced axonal growth, how pathways downstream of cAMP activate ERK have not been investigated. This study observed the molecular mechanism of panaxydol-, NGF- and forskolin-induced PC12 cell axon growth using specific signaling pathway inhibitors. The results demonstrated that although the RTK inhibitor SU5416 obviously inhibited the growth-promoting effect of NGF, it could not inhibit the promoting effect of panaxydol on axonal growth of PC12 cells. The adenylate cyclase inhibitor SQ22536 and cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor RpcAMPS could suppress the promoting effect of forskolin and panaxydol on axonal growth. The ERK inhibitor U0126 inhibited axonal growth induced by all three factors. However, the PKA inhibitor H89 inhibited the promoting effect of forskolin on axonal growth but could not suppress the promoting effect of panaxydol. A western blot assay was used to determine the effects of stimulating factors and inhibitors on ERK phosphorylation levels. The results revealed that NGF activates the ERK pathway through tyrosine receptors to induce axonal growth of PC12 cells. In contrast, panaxydol and forskolin increased cellular cAMP levels and were inhibited by adenylyl cyclase inhibitors. The protein kinase A inhibitor H89 completely inhibited forskolin-induced axonal outgrowth and ERK phosphorylation, but could not inhibit panaxydol-induced axonal growth and ERK phosphorylation. These results indicated that panaxydol promoted axonal growth of PC12 cells through different pathways downstream of cAMP. Considering that exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 1 (Epac1) plays an important role in mediating cAMP signaling pathways, RNA interference experiments targeting the Epac1 gene were employed. The results verified that Epac1 could mediate the axonal growth signaling pathway induced by panaxydol. These findings suggest that compared with NGF and forskolin, panaxydol elicits axonal growth through the cAMP-Epac1-Rap1-MEK-ERK-CREB pathway, which is independent of PKA.

19.
Clin Interv Aging ; 13: 797-804, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29731619

RESUMO

Background: Risk factors for heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) proglongation should be explored to stratify high-risk individuals to aid the prevention of incident cardiovascular events and mortality. The diversity of risk factors for QTc prolongation suggests that use of the frailty index (FI), indicating general health deficits, may be an effective approach, especially in the elderly, to identify the risk of QTc prolongation. Methods: We used the data of 1,780 individuals aged 70-87 years from the Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study (RuLAS), a community-based longitudinal study. The FI was constructed using 20 routine laboratory tests, plus the body mass index and measures of systolic and diastolic blood pressures (FI-Lab). Results: The mean FI-Lab value was 0.24±0.09. The mean heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) was 407±38 ms. The prevalence of QTc prolongation was 5.2% in elderly community populations aged 70-87 years. A higher FI-Lab value was associated with a higher risk for QTc prolongation. Each 10% increase in the FI-Lab value increased the odds ratio (OR) by 33% (OR: 1.33; 95% CI: 1.07-1.64). Compared with the lowest quartile, the top quartile FI-Lab score was associated with a 2.50-fold QTc prolongation risk in elderly individuals (95% CI: 1.21-5.19). Conclusion: An FI based on routine laboratory data can identify older adults at increased risk for QTc prolongation. The FI approach may therefore be useful for the risk stratification of QTc prolongation.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Fragilidade/complicações , Avaliação Geriátrica , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Longevidade/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Fragilidade/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
20.
Clin Interv Aging ; 13: 947-956, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29805253

RESUMO

Background: Little is known about the adverse effects of frailty transitions. In this study, we aimed to characterize the transitions between frailty states and examine their associations with the type of death among older adults in China, a developing country with a rapidly growing aging population. Methods: We used data of 11,165 older adults (aged 65-99 years) from the 2002 and 2005 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). Overall, 44 health deficits were used to construct frailty index (FI; range: 0-1), which was then categorized into a three-level variable: nonfrail (FI ≤0.10), prefrail (0.10< FI ≤0.21), and frail (FI >0.21). Outcome was four types of death based on bedridden days and suffering state (assessed in the 2008 wave of CLHLS). Results: During the 3-year period, 3,394 (30.4%) participants had transitioned between different frailty states (nonfrail, prefrail, and frail), one-third transitioned to death, and one-third remained in previous frailty states. Transitions to greater frailty (ie, "worsening") were more common than transitions to lesser frailty (ie, "improvement"). Among four categories of frailty transitions, "worsening" and "remaining frail" had increased risks of painful death, eg, with odds ratios of 1.92 (95% confidence interval [CI] =1.41, 2.62) and 4.75 (95% CI =3.32, 6.80), respectively, for type 4 death (ie, ≥30 bedridden days with suffering before death). Conclusion: This large sample of older adults in China supports that frailty is a dynamic process, characterized by frequent types of transitions. Furthermore, those who remained frail had the highest likelihood of experiencing painful death, which raises concerns about the quality of life in frail populations.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Fragilidade/mortalidade , Vigilância da População/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte/tendências , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Longevidade , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Qualidade de Vida , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
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