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1.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(1): 339-342, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027300

RESUMO

Abstract  The minimal residual disease (MRD) is the origin element that caused the relapse and drug resistance of hematological malignancies, the immune cells play a great role to clear MRD. A variety of immune cells have anti-tumor effects. However, tumor cells antagonize anti-tumor effects by reprogramming of constituents associated with tumor environment. Many different cell types, including immune cells, mesenchymal cells and tumor cells in tumor microenvironment release exosomes. The latest researches indicate that "cargo" and surface ligands carried by exosomes secreted by hematological malignant cells not only can affect the function of natural killer cell (migration, activation, proliferation, secretion and NKG2D expression), macrophage (migration and secretion) and dendritic cell (maturation and presentation), but also regulate the expression of PD-L1 and CCR2, CCL2 secretion and transformation of monocytes. The altered function of immune cells will eventually have effect on the progression of hematological malignancies.


Assuntos
Exossomos , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Microambiente Tumoral
2.
BMC Geriatr ; 20(1): 9, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that poor sleep quality or abnormal sleep duration may be associated with frailty. Here we test the associations of sleep disturbances with both frailty and pre-frailty in an elderly population. METHODS: Participants included 1726 community-dwelling elders aged 70-87 years. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to assess sleep disturbances. Frailty was defined using phenotype criteria. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratio of the associations. RESULTS: The average PSQI score was 5.4 (SD, 3.1). Overall 43.6% of the participants had poor sleep quality (PSQI> 5), 8.2% had night sleep time ≤ 5 h, and 27.8% had night sleep time ≥ 9 h. The prevalence of frailty and pre-frailty was 9.2 and 52.8%, respectively. The proportions of PSQI> 5 increased with the severity of frailty status (robust: pre-frail: frail, 34.5%: 48%: 56.1%, P < 0.001). After adjustment for multiple potential confounders, poor sleep quality (PSQI> 5) was associated with higher odds of frailty (OR = 1.78, 95% CI 1.19-2.66) and pre-frailty (OR = 1.51, 95% CI 1.20-1.90). Sleep latency, sleep disturbance, and daytime dysfunction components of PSQI measurements were also associated with frailty and pre-frailty. In addition, sleep time 9 h/night was associated with higher odds of frailty and pre-frailty. CONCLUSIONS: We provided preliminary evidences that poor sleep quality and prolonged sleep duration were associated with being frailty and pre-frailty in an elderly population aged 70-87 years. The associations need to be validated in other elderly populations.

3.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 32(2): 305-311, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004283

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To explore whether frailty, defined by frailty index (FI), is associated with the risk of elevated B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), a surrogate endpoint of cardiovascular events. METHODS: Data of 1382 community-dwelling elders who had no documented cardiovascular diseases aged 70-84 years from the ageing arm of the Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study was used. Traditional risk factor index (TI) was constructed using eight established cardiovascular-related risk factors. FI was constructed using 36 health deficits. Elevated BNP was defined as BNP ≥ 100pg/mL. Cardiovascular events include incident major cardiovascular events and cardiovascular death. RESULTS: During a 3-year follow-up period, 97 participants had cardiovascular events. TI was not associated with the risk of elevated BNP, but was associated with cardiovascular events (HR = 1.16, 95% CI 1.01-1.34). Frailty index was not only associated with cardiovascular events (HR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.06-1.64), but also associated with elevated BNP with an OR of 1.22 (95% CI 1.02-1.47) for each 0.1 increment. Further, both frailty (OR = 1.93, 95% CI 1.67-3.17) and pre-frailty (OR = 1.54, 95% CI 1.06-2.25) were associated with increased risk of elevated BNP. CONCLUSION: FI is associated with increased risks of both cardiovascular events and surrogated endpoint of cardiovascular disease-elevated BNP. Frailty may be a non-traditional risk factor of cardiovascular diseases and frailty index may be a measurement for early identifying high risk elderly individuals of cardiovascular abnormities.

4.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study aimed at investigating whether depression symptoms are associated with prevalent and incident physical frailty in Chinese older population. METHODS: We analyzed data of 1168 older Chinese adults aged 70 and above in the aging arm of the Rugao Longevity and Aging Study (RuLAS). Depressive symptoms (Geriatric Depression Scale ≥ 6) were assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Frailty was defined using Fried phenotype criteria at baseline and 3-year survey. RESULTS: At baseline, 8.9% of the participants had depression symptoms. The prevalence of pre-frailty and frailty were 34.5% and 5.9%, respectively. The percentages of depressive symptoms increase from robust (5.3%) to pre-frail (11.2%), and then to frail (31.9%) groups. After adjustments of multiple covariates, depressive symptoms were associated with both prevalent pre-frailty (OR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.08-2.84) and prevalent frailty (OR = 5.64, 95% CI 2.85-11.14) at baseline. At 3-year survey, 9.3% participants reported the development of frailty. After multiple adjustments, depressive symptoms were associated with a 2.79-fold (95% CI 1.09-7.10) increased risk of 3-year incident frailty. CONCLUSION: Depressive symptoms are associated with prevalent and incident frailty in Chinese older population. Together with the observations of the European populations, depressive symptoms may be a candidate risk factor of frailty.

5.
Cancer Med ; 8(16): 7074-7085, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568657

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is a common gynecologic malignancy characterized by extensive peritoneal metastasis and high mortality rate. ABHD11 Antisense RNA1 (ABHD11-AS1) has recently been identified as a regulator of growth and metastasis in multiple tumors, including EOC. However, the biological function and potential mechanism of ABHD11-AS1 in EOC remains poorly understood. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry, western blot, and qRT-PCR analysis were used to determine the expression pattern of ABHD11-AS1 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in both EOC tissues and cell lines, respectively. Colony formation, transwell and wound healing assays were performed to evaluate the roles of EGFR and ABHD11-AS1 on the capacity of cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Western blot analysis was performed to measure the regulation of EGFR pathway on STAT3. Moreover, chromatin immunoprecipitation was employed to demonstrate the interaction between ABHD11-AS1 and STAT3. RNA immunoprecipitation was subjected to prove the direct binding between ABHD11-AS1 and EZH2. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to measure the expression and localization of TIMP2. EOC mouse model was conducted for validating the role of ABHD11-AS1 in vivo. RESULTS: EGFR and ABHD11-AS1 were highly expressed in EOC tissues and cell lines. Knockdown of EGFR or ABHD11-AS1 inhibited cell growth, migration, and invasion of EOC cells. Expression of ABHD11-AS1 was regulated by the activation of EGFR signaling pathway, mediated by STAT3. Besides, ABHD11-AS1 was shown to silence TIMP2 by binding to chromatin-modifying enzyme EZH2. Furthermore, inhibition of EGFR pathway or ABHD11-AS1 repressed the tumor growth of EOC. CONCLUSION: We defined the regulatory relationship between the EGFR signaling pathway, ABHD11-AS1, EZH2, and TIMP2 suggesting that ABHD11-AS1 may act as an oncogene and a potential target for antitumor therapies in ovarian cancer.

6.
Oncol Lett ; 18(3): 2704-2711, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402956

RESUMO

The effects of the immediate early response 5 (IER5) gene on the sensitivity of HeLa cells to radiation remain unclear. In the present study, stably transfected HeLa cells resulting in the knockdown or overexpression of IER5 were investigated. In addition, xenografts of normal, IER5-silenced and -overexpressed HeLa cells were injected into nude mice and examined. The results demonstrated that the radiosensitivity of the IER5-overexpressed HeLa cells was significantly increased compared with that of the normal and IER5-silenced cells. The upregulation of IER5 effectively decreased cell proliferation and IER5 silencing promoted cell proliferation compared with that in the normal HeLa cells. Following irradiation of the cells with IER5 knockdown, cell cycle was arrested at the G2/M phase and an increase in the proportion of S phase cells was observed. By contrast, the overexpression of IER5 led to an increase in the proportion of G1 phase cells. Furthermore, the upregulation of IER5 inhibited tumor growth in vivo. The present findings demonstrate that the IER5 gene affects the radiosensitivity of HeLa cells and serves an important role in cell proliferation, suggesting that this gene may be a potential radiotherapeutic target in cervical cancer.

7.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 319, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) is a widely used mosquitocidal microbial pesticide due to its high toxicity. ATP-binding proteins (ABP) are prevalently detected in insects and are related to reaction against Bti toxins. However, the function of ABP in mosquito biocontrol is little known, especially in Aedes aegypti. Therefore, this study aimed to clarify the function of ABP in Ae. aegypti against Bti toxin. RESULTS: Aedes aegypti ABP (GenBank: XM_001661856.2) was cloned, expressed and purified in this study. Far-western blotting and ELISA were also carried out to confirm the interaction between ABP and Cry11Aa. A bioassay of Cry11Aa was performed both in the presence and absence of ABP, which showed that the mortality of Ae. aegypti is increased with an increase in ABP. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that ABP in Ae. aegypti can modulate the toxicity of Cry11Aa toxin to mosquitoes by binding to Bti toxin. This could not only enrich the mechanism of Bt toxin, but also provide more data for the biocontrol of this transmission vector.


Assuntos
Aedes/genética , Bacillus thuringiensis/patogenicidade , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Aedes/microbiologia , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Bioensaio , Clonagem Molecular , Endotoxinas/metabolismo , Proteínas Hemolisinas/metabolismo , Mosquitos Vetores/microbiologia , Controle Biológico de Vetores , Ligação Proteica
8.
Cancer Biol Ther ; 20(7): 956-966, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062668

RESUMO

Background: Ovarian cancer (OC) is the gynecologic malignant tumor with high mortality. Accumulating evidence indicates that M2-like tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) can secret EGF to participate in ovarian cancer growth, migration, and metastasis. An EGF-downregulated lncRNA, LIMT (lncRNA inhibiting metastasis), was identified as a critical regulator of mammary cell migration and invasion. Nevertheless, whether EGF secreted from M2-like TAMs regulates LIMT expression in ovarian cancer progression remains largely unknown. Methods: The human OC cell lines OV90 and OVCA429 were recruited in this study. The differentiation of the human monocyte cell line THP-1 into M2-like TAMs was confirmed using flow cytometry within the application of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). ELISA was performed to detect EGF concentration in co-culture system of M2-like TAMs and OC cell lines. Moreover, CCK-8, flow cytometry and immunofluorescence staining of Ki67 were performed to assess the capacity of cell proliferation. Besides, cell migration and invasion were determined by wound healing and transwell assays. Furthermore, the expression levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers and EGFR/ERK signals were analyzed by qRT-PCR and western blot. Female athymic nude mice (8-12 weeks of age; n = 8 for each group) were recruited for in vivo study. Results: In the present study, THP-1 cells exhibited the phenotype markers of M2-like TAMs with low proportion of CD14+ marker and high proportion of CD68+, CD204+, CD206+ markers within the application of PMA. After co-culturing with M2-like TAMs, EGF concentration in the supernatants was significantly increased in a time-dependent manner. Besides, OC cells presented better cell viability, higher cell proliferation, and stronger migration and invasion. The expression of EMT-related markers N-cadherin, Vimentin and EGFR/ERK signals were markedly up-regulated, while E-cadherin was significantly decreased. However, these effects induced by co-culture system were reversed by the application of AG1478 (an EGFR inhibitor) or LIMT overexpression. Furthermore, the endogenous expression of LIMT was decreased in OC cell lines compared with the control group. Also, the in vivo experiments verified that the inhibition of EGFR signaling by AG1478 or overexpression of LIMT effectively repressed the tumor growth. Conclusion: Taken together, we demonstrated that EGF secreted by M2-like TAMs might suppress LIMT expression via activating EGFR-ERK signaling pathway to promote the progression of OC.

9.
Neurol Res ; 41(8): 728-733, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030646

RESUMO

Objective: To develop a physical- cognitive scale for assessment of frailty and compare the clinical features between the new scale and the conventional Fried criteria. Methods: 1757 individuals aged 70-84 were analyzed. Participants reporting three or more Fried phenotypes were grouped as frail patients (FP) whereas others as non-frail (NF). A score of Hasegawa's dementia scale (HDS-R) higher than 21.5 were classified as non-cognitive impairment group (NCI) group. By combining the cognitive and frailty criteria, participants manifesting three or more positive components out of the six were categorized into the Physical-cognitive frailty group (Pc-F) while others into non- Pc-F (Pc-NF). Results: Of all the participants, 46.7% (820) were males and 53.3% (937) were females. The mean age was 75.33 ± 3.90. 10.1% (178/1757) were evaluated as FP patients. The prevalence of CI was 53.2%; CI was much higher in the frail group (77.0%) than in the non-frail group (50.5%). Based on the new Pc-F scale, 163 out of 1579 NF participants were identified as Pc-F, and the prevalence of Pc-F reached 19.4% (341/1757). In the Pc-F group, there are more females, patients of advanced age, diabetes, stroke, CHD, CKD, metabolic syndrome, and high hs-CRP. Within the Pc-F group, patients with CI showed a higher incidence of exhaustion, low activity, weakness, and slowness than those without CI. Conclusions: Our study revealed a significantly worse status in frail participants with CI than without. Our new scale shows a stronger correlation between frailty and complications than the classic phenotype.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Disfunção Cognitiva/complicações , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/complicações , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
10.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 80: 115-119, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30448694

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the associations of frailty phenotype and frailty index (FI) defined frailty and pre-frailty with mortality in a Chinese elderly population. METHODS: Data of 1788 community-dwelling elders aged 70-84 years from the ageing arm of Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study, a prospective cohort study, were used. Frailty phenotype was defined using modified Fried's phenotype (FP) criteria and FI was constructed using 45 health deficits. Mortality was ascertained using the Death Registry of Rugao's Civil Affairs Bureau. RESULTS: During 3-year follow-up, 149 (8.3%) of the 1788 elderly subjects died. For frailty phenotype, about 9.5% of the elderly were frail and 43% were pre-frail. For FI, frail (FI > 0.21) was approximately 27.5%, and pre-frail (FI: 0.1-0.21) was approximately 51.3%. Highest mortality was observed among frail participants defined by both FP and FI criteria (all Log Rank P < 0.05). Frailty defined by the frailty index was associated with a 2.31 fold (95% CI 1.16-4.6) risk of all-cause death compared with robust elderly. Compared with the robust elderly, not only frailty (HR 2.24, 95% CI 1.31-3.83) defined by frailty phenotype but also pre-frailty (HR 1.51, 95% CI 1.03-2.21) was associated with risk of all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Frailty, defined by either phenotype or index, is associated with increased risks of mortality in elderly Chinese community population.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Longevidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Fenótipo , Estudos Prospectivos , Risco
11.
Neural Regen Res ; 13(11): 1927-1936, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30233066

RESUMO

Nerve growth factor (NGF) promotes axonal growth in PC12 cells primarily by regulating the RTK-RAS-MEK-ERK pathway. Panaxydol, a polyacetylene isolated from Panax notoginseng, can mimic the effects of NGF. Panaxydol promotes neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells, but its molecular mechanism remains unclear. Indeed, although alkynol compounds such as panaxydol can increase intracellular cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) levels and the ERK inhibitor U0126 inhibits alkynol-induced axonal growth, how pathways downstream of cAMP activate ERK have not been investigated. This study observed the molecular mechanism of panaxydol-, NGF- and forskolin-induced PC12 cell axon growth using specific signaling pathway inhibitors. The results demonstrated that although the RTK inhibitor SU5416 obviously inhibited the growth-promoting effect of NGF, it could not inhibit the promoting effect of panaxydol on axonal growth of PC12 cells. The adenylate cyclase inhibitor SQ22536 and cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitor RpcAMPS could suppress the promoting effect of forskolin and panaxydol on axonal growth. The ERK inhibitor U0126 inhibited axonal growth induced by all three factors. However, the PKA inhibitor H89 inhibited the promoting effect of forskolin on axonal growth but could not suppress the promoting effect of panaxydol. A western blot assay was used to determine the effects of stimulating factors and inhibitors on ERK phosphorylation levels. The results revealed that NGF activates the ERK pathway through tyrosine receptors to induce axonal growth of PC12 cells. In contrast, panaxydol and forskolin increased cellular cAMP levels and were inhibited by adenylyl cyclase inhibitors. The protein kinase A inhibitor H89 completely inhibited forskolin-induced axonal outgrowth and ERK phosphorylation, but could not inhibit panaxydol-induced axonal growth and ERK phosphorylation. These results indicated that panaxydol promoted axonal growth of PC12 cells through different pathways downstream of cAMP. Considering that exchange protein directly activated by cAMP 1 (Epac1) plays an important role in mediating cAMP signaling pathways, RNA interference experiments targeting the Epac1 gene were employed. The results verified that Epac1 could mediate the axonal growth signaling pathway induced by panaxydol. These findings suggest that compared with NGF and forskolin, panaxydol elicits axonal growth through the cAMP-Epac1-Rap1-MEK-ERK-CREB pathway, which is independent of PKA.

12.
Clin Interv Aging ; 13: 797-804, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29731619

RESUMO

Background: Risk factors for heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) proglongation should be explored to stratify high-risk individuals to aid the prevention of incident cardiovascular events and mortality. The diversity of risk factors for QTc prolongation suggests that use of the frailty index (FI), indicating general health deficits, may be an effective approach, especially in the elderly, to identify the risk of QTc prolongation. Methods: We used the data of 1,780 individuals aged 70-87 years from the Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study (RuLAS), a community-based longitudinal study. The FI was constructed using 20 routine laboratory tests, plus the body mass index and measures of systolic and diastolic blood pressures (FI-Lab). Results: The mean FI-Lab value was 0.24±0.09. The mean heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) was 407±38 ms. The prevalence of QTc prolongation was 5.2% in elderly community populations aged 70-87 years. A higher FI-Lab value was associated with a higher risk for QTc prolongation. Each 10% increase in the FI-Lab value increased the odds ratio (OR) by 33% (OR: 1.33; 95% CI: 1.07-1.64). Compared with the lowest quartile, the top quartile FI-Lab score was associated with a 2.50-fold QTc prolongation risk in elderly individuals (95% CI: 1.21-5.19). Conclusion: An FI based on routine laboratory data can identify older adults at increased risk for QTc prolongation. The FI approach may therefore be useful for the risk stratification of QTc prolongation.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/etiologia , Eletrocardiografia , Fragilidade/complicações , Avaliação Geriátrica , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Longevidade/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Fragilidade/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
13.
Clin Interv Aging ; 13: 947-956, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29805253

RESUMO

Background: Little is known about the adverse effects of frailty transitions. In this study, we aimed to characterize the transitions between frailty states and examine their associations with the type of death among older adults in China, a developing country with a rapidly growing aging population. Methods: We used data of 11,165 older adults (aged 65-99 years) from the 2002 and 2005 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). Overall, 44 health deficits were used to construct frailty index (FI; range: 0-1), which was then categorized into a three-level variable: nonfrail (FI ≤0.10), prefrail (0.10< FI ≤0.21), and frail (FI >0.21). Outcome was four types of death based on bedridden days and suffering state (assessed in the 2008 wave of CLHLS). Results: During the 3-year period, 3,394 (30.4%) participants had transitioned between different frailty states (nonfrail, prefrail, and frail), one-third transitioned to death, and one-third remained in previous frailty states. Transitions to greater frailty (ie, "worsening") were more common than transitions to lesser frailty (ie, "improvement"). Among four categories of frailty transitions, "worsening" and "remaining frail" had increased risks of painful death, eg, with odds ratios of 1.92 (95% confidence interval [CI] =1.41, 2.62) and 4.75 (95% CI =3.32, 6.80), respectively, for type 4 death (ie, ≥30 bedridden days with suffering before death). Conclusion: This large sample of older adults in China supports that frailty is a dynamic process, characterized by frequent types of transitions. Furthermore, those who remained frail had the highest likelihood of experiencing painful death, which raises concerns about the quality of life in frail populations.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado/estatística & dados numéricos , Fragilidade/mortalidade , Vigilância da População/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte/tendências , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Longevidade , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Qualidade de Vida , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
14.
Bioresour Technol ; 260: 1-8, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29601995

RESUMO

In this study, the feasibility of application of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) to teat wastewater containing chromium was assessed. Anammox granule activity decreased with increasing Cr(VI) concentration and pre-exposure time in batch tests, and the 50% inhibition concentration of Cr(VI) on anammox biomass was 296.5 mg L-1. Approximately 93.9% chromium was absorbed by loosely bound-extracellular polymeric substances and tightly bound-extracellular polymeric substances when less than 60 mg L-1 Cr(VI) was added. During long-term operation in up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor, significant inhibitory effects anammox performance were observed for Cr(VI) concentrations up to 2 mg L-1. The nitrogen removal rate (NRR) rapidly decreased to 1.49 ±â€¯0.89 kg N m-3 d-1, whereas the NRR was 11.37 ±â€¯1.30 kg N m-3 d-1 in a control reactor. Compared with initial levels, specific anammox granule activity was 22%. The tolerance of the anammox process to Cr(VI) can be enhanced after a long-term adaptive phase.


Assuntos
Reatores Biológicos , Cromo , Anaerobiose , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução , Esgotos , Águas Residuárias
15.
Molecules ; 23(4)2018 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29561787

RESUMO

Coal is a major contributor to the global emission of nitrogen oxides (NOx). The NOx formation during coal utilization typically derives from the thermal decomposition of N-containing compounds (e.g., pyrrolic groups). NH3 and HCN are common precursors of NOx from the decomposition of N-containing compounds. The existence of H2O has significant influences on the pyrrole decomposition and NOx formation. In this study, the effects of H2O on pyrrole pyrolysis to form NOx precursors HCN and NH3 are investigated using the density functional theory (DFT) method. The calculation results indicate that the presence of H2O can lead to the formation of both NH3 and HCN during pyrrole pyrolysis, while only HCN is formed in the absence of H2O. The initial interaction between pyrrole and H2O determines the N products. NH3 will be formed when H2O attacks the C2 position of pyrrole with its hydroxyl group. On the contrary, HCN will be generated instead of NH3 when H2O attacks the C3 position of pyrrole with its hydroxyl group. In addition, the DFT calculations clearly indicate that the formation of NH3 will be promoted by H2O, whereas the formation of HCN is inhibited.


Assuntos
Amônia/química , Temperatura Alta , Cianeto de Hidrogênio/química , Modelos Moleculares , Pirróis/química , Água/química , Conformação Molecular
16.
Age Ageing ; 47(3): 416-422, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29447359

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the associations of the actinin alpha 3 gene (ACTN3) R577X polymorphism with physical performance and frailty in an older Chinese population. Methods: Data from 1,463 individuals (57.8% female) aged 70-87 years from the Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study were used. The associations between R577X and timed 5-m walk, grip strength, timed Up and Go test, and frailty index (FI) based on deficits of 23 laboratory tests (FI-Lab) were examined. Analysis of variance and linear regression models were used to evaluate the genetic effects of ACTN3 R577X on physical performance and FI-Lab. Results: The XX and RX genotypes of the ACTN3 R557X polymorphism accounted for 17.1 and 46.9%, respectively. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that in men aged 70-79 years, the ACTN3 577X allele was significantly associated with physical performance (5-m walk time, regression coefficient (ß) = 0.258, P = 0.006; grip strength, ß = -1.062, P = 0.012; Up and Go test time ß = 0.368, P = 0.019). In women aged 70-79 years, a significant association between the ACTN3 577X allele and the FI-Lab score was observed, with a regression coefficient of ß = 0.019 (P = 0.003). These findings suggest an age- and gender-specific X-additive model of R577X for 5-m walk time, grip strength, Up and Go Test time, and FI-Lab score. Conclusion: The ACTN3 577X allele is associated with an age- and sex-specific decrease in physical performance and an increase in frailty in an older population.


Assuntos
Actinina/genética , Fragilidade/genética , Longevidade/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/etnologia , Fragilidade/fisiopatologia , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Força da Mão , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Teste de Caminhada
17.
Eur J Intern Med ; 47: 75-81, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29092746

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Studies have showed the associations between different definitions of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and risk of ischemic stroke were inconsistent. In this study, we compared associations of different MetS definitions with ischemic stroke in Chinese elderly population. METHODS: A total of 1713 individuals aged 70-84years from Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study were analyzed. The MetS was defined by four different criteria: Chinese Adult Dyslipidemia Prevention Guide, International Diabetes Federation (IDF), Updated ATPIII (Updated ATPIII) by American heart association/American heart, lung and blood institute (AHA/NHLBI), and Joint Interim Statement(JIS) recommended by IDF and the American heart association/American national institutes of health/American heart, lung and blood institute (AHA/NIH/NHLBI). RESULTS: Prevalence of MetS in the whole population was 24.0% (Chinese guide), 32.5% (IDF), 38.8% (Updated ATPIII) and 24.0% (JIS) and in stroke population was 27.1% (Chinese guide), 41.1% (IDF), 48.8% (Updated ATPIII) and 27.1% (JIS), respectively. The agreement between definitions was highest in Updated ATPIII vs. IDF (kappa=0.863). It showed that only definitions of IDF (OR 1.55, 95%CI 1.04-2.31, p=0.031) and Updated ATPIII (OR 1.64, 95%CI 1.11-2.42, p=0.013) were independently associated with risk of ischemic stroke in multivariable logistic regression analysis. The risk of ischemic stroke increased with the increasing of numbers of Mets components in Updated ATPIII (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: In this population, Updated ATPIII criteria was a more suitable definition of Mets than definitions of Chinese guide, IDF and JIS for screening high-risk individuals of ischemic stroke, and the additive effects of Mets components might play a greater role than its composition alone in ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Endócrino/instrumentação , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
18.
Neurosci Lett ; 666: 127-132, 2018 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29269122

RESUMO

Depression has been associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, few studies have examined whether such association exist in average older individuals with mild to moderate reduced kidney function. This study investigated the association between reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and depressive symptoms in Chinese older population. Data was obtained from the Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study conducted in Jiangsu, China. Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation was used to calculate eGFR. Depressive symptoms were defined by using Chinese version of 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15). The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 9.9% among 1749 elderly participants aged 70-84 years. Many elderly had a mild to moderate reduced renal function (84.3%, 57.1% in stage2 CKD and 27.2% in stage3 CKD, respectively). The overall GDS-15 score showed an upward trend with decreasing of eGFR (p < 0.05). Furthermore, a moderate decline of eGFR (in stage3 CKD) was significantly associated with increased risk of depressive symptoms even after adjusting for confounders (OR = 1.71, 95%CI 1.05-2.77, P = 0.03). Elder had no depressive symptoms if their eGFR was normal or mildly reduced. Our results suggest that a moderate decrease of eGFR (stage3 CKD) was independently associated with depressive symptoms in general Chinese elderly.


Assuntos
Depressão/fisiopatologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1603-1608, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29071869

RESUMO

Under the traditional processing theory "wine processing could promote the efficacy", Rhubarb after wine processing could treat the upper energizer diseases such as red swelling, and breath sores. Processing changes the medicinal properties of rhubarb, and thus results in different focuses in clinical application. In this study, a sensitive and specific method was developed for the determination of aloe-emodin, rhein and emodin in rats tissue. Rhubarb raw materials and its wine processed decoction were given to SD rats respectively by gavage administration, and then the contents of aloe-emodin, rhein and emodin in the tissues (heart, lung, brain, liver, kidney) were determined by HPLC-MS to explore the effect of wine processing on free anthraquinones in rat tissues. Experimental results showed that wine processing can significantly change the distribution of aloe emodin, rhein and emodin in rats in vivo, and the distribution of these components was increased in heart and lung tissues.There was no significant change of distribution in the liver and the kidney as compared with raw product group, and these three ingredients were not detected in the brain, indicating that aloe-emodin, rhein, emodin can not pass through the blood brain barrier.Therefore, wine processing had greater effect on distribution of free anthraquinones in rat tissues.This also verified the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, providing experimental basis for rhubarb processing mechanism.


Assuntos
Antraquinonas/farmacocinética , Emodina/farmacocinética , Rheum/química , Animais , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Distribuição Tecidual , Vinho
20.
Clin Interv Aging ; 12: 1725-1729, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29081654

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between serum ß2-microglobulin (B2M) levels and frailty in an elderly Chinese population. DESIGN: A population-based cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used data on 1,663 elderly participants (aged 70-84 years) from the aging arm of the Rugao Longevity and Ageing study, a population-based observational two-arm cohort study conducted in Rugao, China. MEASUREMENTS: The serum B2M was measured with chemiluminescence immunoassay by a technician in the biochemistry laboratory of the Rugao People's Hospital. Information on the frailty index and phenotype was collected. RESULTS: The mean B2M levels and frailty index were 1.8 mg/L and 0.16, respectively; 188 (11.3%) participants were classified as frail (frailty phenotype). For a standard deviation increase in B2M, the adjusted odds ratio for frailty phenotype was 1.20 (95% CI: 1.05, 1.39; P=0.009) and the standardized coefficient for frailty index was 0.07 (95% CI: 0.02, 0.11; P=0.004). Relative to the lowest quartile, the highest B2M quartile had a greater risk of prevalent frailty with adjusted odds ratios of 1.68 (95% CI: 1.04, 2.71; P=0.034) for frailty phenotype and 1.51 (95% CI: 1.01, 2.27; P=0.044) for frailty index (≥0.25). In addition, estimated glomerular filtration rate (based on B2M) or chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) was significantly associated with frailty phenotype and index. CONCLUSION: B2M was significantly associated with both frailty phenotype and index in elderly Chinese population. The findings underscore the promising kidney relevant biomarkers for identifying vulnerable elderly Chinese population.


Assuntos
Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/sangue , Microglobulina beta-2/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Biomarcadores , China , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fragilidade/fisiopatologia , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Longevidade , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Fenótipo , Prevalência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Risco
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