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1.
Cell ; 184(19): 4848-4856, 2021 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480864

RESUMO

Since the first reports of a novel severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-like coronavirus in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, there has been intense interest in understanding how severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in the human population. Recent debate has coalesced around two competing ideas: a "laboratory escape" scenario and zoonotic emergence. Here, we critically review the current scientific evidence that may help clarify the origin of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Animais , Evolução Biológica , COVID-19/virologia , Humanos , Laboratórios , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Zoonoses/virologia
2.
J Psychiatry Neurosci ; 46(5): E506-E515, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467747

RESUMO

Background: Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder are increasingly being conceptualized as a transdiagnostic continuum. Disruption of white matter is a common alteration in these psychiatric disorders, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the disruption remain unclear. Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) is genetically linked with susceptibility to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder, and it is also related to white matter. Methods: Using a transdiagnostic approach, we aimed to identify white matter differences associated with NRG1 and their relationship to transdiagnostic symptoms and cognitive function. We examined the white matter of 1051 participants (318 healthy controls and 733 patients with major psychiatric disorders: 254 with schizophrenia, 212 with bipolar disorder and 267 with major depressive disorder) who underwent diffusion tensor imaging. We measured the plasma NRG1-ß1 levels of 331 participants. We also evaluated clinical symptoms and cognitive function. Results: In the patient group, abnormal white matter was negatively associated with NRG1-ß1 levels in the genu of the corpus callosum, right uncinate fasciculus, bilateral inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus, right external capsule, fornix, right optic tract, left straight gyrus white matter and left olfactory radiation. These NRG1-associated white matter abnormalities were also associated with depression and anxiety symptoms and executive function in patients with a major psychiatric disorder. Furthermore, across the 3 disorders we observed analogous alterations in white matter, NRG1-ß1 levels and clinical manifestations. Limitations: Medication status, the wide age range and our cross-sectional findings were limitations of this study. Conclusion: This study is the first to provide evidence for an association between NRG1, white matter abnormalities, clinical symptoms and cognition in a transdiagnostic psychiatric cohort. These findings provide further support for an understanding of the molecular mechanisms that underlie the neuroimaging substrates of major psychiatric disorders and their clinical implications.

3.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 627198, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539456

RESUMO

Objective: Cortical-limbic system neural circuit abnormalities are closely related to the onset of schizophrenia (SZ). The amygdala, hippocampus, cingulate, and prefrontal lobe are important components of the loop. In this study, we compared resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) between the amygdala/hippocampus and cingulate/prefrontal regions among patients with first-episode schizophrenia (FE-SZ), high risk populations with SZ (HR-SZ), and healthy controls (HCs). By discovering the abnormal pattern of the cortical-limbic system of SZ and HR-SZ, we attempted to elucidate the pathophysiological mechanism of SZ. Method: This study collected seventy-five FE-SZ patients, 59 HR-SZ, and 64 HCs. Analysis of variance and chi-square tests were used to analyze their demographic data. Analysis of covariance and post-hoc analysis were performed on the functional connectivity of the three groups. Finally, correlation analysis between the significant brain functional connectivity value and the scale score was performed. Results: The results of the analysis of covariance showed that there were significant differences in rs-FC between the amygdala and the right middle cingulate and between the hippocampus and the bilateral medial superior frontal gyrus among the three groups (Gaussian random field (GRF)-corrected voxel p < 0.001, cluster p < 0.05). Post hoc comparisons showed that the rs-FC of the amygdala-right middle cingulate and the hippocampus-bilateral medial superior frontal gyrus in patients with SZ was significantly lower than that of HR-SZ and HC (Bonferroni corrected p < 0.001). There was no significant difference between the HR-SZ and HC groups. The results of the correlation analysis showed that rs-FC of the hippocampus-medial frontal gyrus in patients with SZ was positively correlated with core depression factor scores on the Hamilton Depression Scale (P = 0.006, R = 0.357). Conclusion: There were different patterns of functional connectivity impairment in the amygdala and hippocampal neural circuits in the schizophrenic cortical-limbic system, and these patterns may be more useful than genetics as state-related imaging changes of the disease.

4.
Anal Chem ; 93(37): 12549-12555, 2021 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514774

RESUMO

Understanding the functions of biomolecules at the single-molecule level is crucial due to their important and diverse roles in cell regulation. Recently, nanotweezers made of dual carbon nanoelectrodes have been developed for single-cell biopsies by applying a high alternating voltage. However, high electric voltage can induce Joule heating, water electrolysis, and other side effects on cell activity, which may be unfavorable for cellular applications. Here, we report a low-voltage nanotweezer for trapping of single DNA molecules using etching-engineered nanoelectrodes which effectively reduce the minimum trapping voltage by six times. Meanwhile, the low-voltage nanotweezer displays an improved trapping stiffness. Based on the finite element method simulations, we attribute the mechanism for the low-voltage nanotweezers to the increase in spatial heterogeneity and nonuniformity of electric field by etching of quartz near the nanoelectrodes. This work opens a new dimension for noninvasive single-molecule manipulation in solution and potential applications in single-cell biopsies.


Assuntos
Eletricidade , Nanotecnologia , DNA
6.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 15: 711688, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335214

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate changes in functional connectivity between the vermis and cerebral regions in the resting state among subjects with bipolar disorder (BD). Methods: Thirty participants with BD and 28 healthy controls (HC) underwent the resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) of the anterior and posterior vermis was examined. For each participant, rsFC maps of the anterior and posterior vermis were computed and compared across the two groups. Results: rsFC between the whole vermis and ventral prefrontal cortex (VPFC) was significantly lower in the BD groups compared to the HC group, and rsFC between the anterior vermis and the middle cingulate cortex was likewise significantly decreased in the BD group. Limitations: 83.3% of the BD participants were taking medication at the time of the study. Our findings may in part be attributed to treatment differences because we did not examine the effects of medication on rsFC. Further, the mixed BD subtypes in our current study may have confounding effects influencing the results. Conclusions: These rsFC differences of vermis-VPFC between groups may contribute to the BD mood regulation.

7.
Schizophr Res ; 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests that major psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SZ) share biological, neuropsychological and clinical features, despite the criteria for their respective diagnoses being different. Neuroimaging studies have shown disrupted 'static' neural connectivity in these disorders. However, the changes in brain dynamics across the three psychiatric disorders remain unknown. METHODS: We aim to examine the connections and divergencies of the dynamic amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (dALFF) in MDD, BD and SZ. In total, 901 participants [MDD, 229; BD, 146; SZ, 142; and healthy controls (HCs), 384] received resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The dALFF was calculated using sliding-window analysis and compared across three psychiatric disorders. RESULTS: We found significant increases of dALFF in the right fusiform, right hippocampus, right parahippocampal in participants with MDD, BD and SZ compared to HC. We also found specific increased dALFF changes in caudate and left thalamus for SZ and BD and decreased dALFF changes in calcarine and lingual for SZ and MDD. CONCLUSION: Our study found significant intrinsic brain activity changes in the limbic system and primary visual area in MDD, BD, and SZ, which indicates these areas disruptions are core neurobiological features shared among three psychiatric disorders. Meanwhile, our findings also indicate that specific alterations in MDD, BD, and SZ provide neuroimaging evidence for the differential diagnosis of the three mental disorders.

8.
Chaos ; 31(4): 043121, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251242

RESUMO

By introducing trigonometric functions, a 2D hyperchaotic map with conditional symmetric attractors is constructed, where a symmetric pair of hyperchaotic attractors and asymmetric hyperchaotic attractors is found. For the existence of periodic feedback, the newly proposed map also exhibits attractor growth under specific circumstances. The polarity balance of the discrete map can be restored from the applied sinusoidal functions, combined with an extra inversion of the constant term. To the best of our knowledge, the above properties are not found in other chaotic maps. Finally, the hardware implementation based on STM32 is conducted, and the corresponding results agree with the numerical simulation and the theoretical analysis.

9.
J Affect Disord ; 292: 45-55, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI), an extension of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), is a powerful tool for studying human brain.The purpose is to investigate differences between DKI and DTI by comparing parameters in same analysis methods with bipolar disorder (BD) patients. METHODS: In this study, we attained in 47 BD patients and 49 age-, sex-, and education-matched healthy controls, complimented DTI and DKI scanning and got Fractional Anisotropy (FA), Mean Diffusion (MD) and Mean Kurtosis (MK). Voxel-wise statistical analysis was performed by the tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) analysis and atlas-based regional data analysis. RESULTS: TBSS analysis showed more widespread regions and higher fidelity in DKI parameters than DTI parameters with the same p-value threshold, and DKI parameters showed significant alterations after Family-Wise Error correction. The DKI-FA value in the corpus callosum, bilateral cingulum (cingulate gyrus), bilateral superior corona radiata, left anterior corona radiata and left posterior corona radiata of BD patients was negatively correlated with the duration of illness. In the atlas-based regional data analysis, the effect size of DTI-FA, DTI-MD, DKI-FA and DKI-MD were quantified using Cohen's d value. DKI-FA and DKI-MD demonstrated more between-group different regions and the higher (p < 0.001) absolute Cohen's d value than DTI-FA. LIMITATIONS: This study did not consider the difference between sub-types of BD. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to DTI parameters, DKI parameters were more sensitive and stable to probe the local microstructure, and particularly powerful to exploit cerebral alterations in BD patients.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Substância Branca , Anisotropia , Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão , Humanos , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem
10.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 27: 10760296211030556, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34189961

RESUMO

We evaluated the risk factors of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after knee arthroscopic posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction in patients with only PCL injury. From August 2014 to December 2020, a total of 172 patients who had accepted knee arthroscopic PCL reconstruction underwent the color Doppler ultrasound of bilateral lower-extremities deep veins on 3 days postoperatively. Based on the inspection results, patients were divided into DVT group (18 males and 8 females, mean age 43.62 years) and non-DVT group (108 males and 38 females, mean age 33.96 years). The potential associations of DVT risk and age, gender, body mass index (BMI), diabetes, hypertension, smoking and other factors were analyzed. An old age (OR = 1.090; 95% CI = 1.025-1.158; P = 0.006), a high BMI (OR = 1.509; 95% CI = 1.181-1.929; P = 0.001) and an increased post-surgery D-dimer (OR = 5.034; 95% CI = 2.091-12,117; P ≤ 0.001) value were significantly associated with an elevated DVT risk after knee arthroscopic PCL reconstruction. Increased age, BMI, and postoperative D-dimer were risk factors of DVT following knee arthroscopic PCL reconstruction in patients with only PCL injury.

11.
Front Psychol ; 12: 637712, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33981271

RESUMO

The relationship between coping styles and subjective well-being (SWB) has recently received considerable empirical and theoretical attention in the scientific literature. However, the mechanisms underlying this relationship have primarily remained unclear. The present research aimed to determine whether emotion regulation mediated the relationship between coping styles and subjective well-being (SWB). Our hypothesis is based on the integration of theoretical models among 1,247 Chinese college students. The SWB questionnaire, Ways of Coping Questionnaire, and Emotion Regulation Questionnaire were used to correlate SWB, emotion regulation strategies, and coping styles, respectively. The random forest method was applied to predict life satisfaction and estimate the average variable importance to life satisfaction. The results indicated that positive coping can indirectly influence life satisfaction via cognitive reappraisal and indirectly influence expression suppression via positive affect. Negative coping can indirectly influence negative affect via expression suppression. Besides, negative coping was positively associated with both expression suppression and negative affect. Cognitive reappraisal was found to be positively associated with positive affect. The findings indicated that coping style is essential for the SWB of college students. These findings provide insight into how coping styles impact SWB and have implications for developing and assessing emotion regulation-based interventions.

12.
Nonlinear Dyn ; : 1-10, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33935366

RESUMO

This work concentrates on the dynamic analysis including bifurcation and chaos of a discrete ecological developmental systems. Specifically, it is a prey-predator-scavenger (PPS) system, which is derived by Euler discretization method. By choosing the step size h as a bifurcation parameter, we determine the set consists of all system's parameters, in which the system can undergo flip bifurcation (FB) and Neimark-Sacker bifurcation (NSB). The theoretical results are verified by some numerical simulations. It is shown that the discrete systems exhibit more interesting behaviors, including the chaotic sets, quasi-periodic orbits, and the cascade of period-doubling bifurcation in orbits of periods 2, 4, 8, 16. Finally, corresponding to the two bifurcation behaviors discussed, the maximum Lyapunov exponent is numerically calculated, which further verifies the rich dynamic characteristics of the discrete system.

13.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 630849, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33967852

RESUMO

Objective: Suicide is the leading cause of death from bipolar disorder (BD). At least 25-50% of the patients with BD will attempt suicide, with suicide rates much higher in women patients than in men. It is crucial to explore the potential neural mechanism underlying suicidality in women with BD, which will lead to understanding and detection of suicidality and prevent death and injury from suicide. Methods: Brain function and structure were measured by amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and gray matter volume (GMV) in 155 women [30 women with BD and a history of suicidality, 50 women with BD without suicidality, and 75 healthy controls (HC)]. The differences in ALFF and GMV across the BD with suicidality, BD without suicidality, and HC groups were investigated. Results: BD with suicidality showed significantly increased ALFF in the left and right cuneus compared with BD without suicidality and HC groups. Moreover, the GMV in the left lateral prefrontal cortex and left cuneus in BD with suicidality were significantly lower than those in BD without suicidality and HC groups, while the GMV of the right ventral prefrontal cortex was significantly decreased in both BD with and without suicidality groups. Conclusions: This study, combining functional and structural neuroimaging techniques, may help to identify specific pathophysiological changes in women with BD and suicidality. Increased ALFF and less GMV in cuneus might represent the neuroimaging features of suicidality in women with BD. Investigating this potential neuromarker for suicidality in women with BD may lead to the ability to prevent suicidality.

14.
Front Psychol ; 12: 528883, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33746809

RESUMO

Students with learning disabilities (LDs) suffer from executive function deficits and impaired prospective memory (PM). Yet the specificity of deficits associated with different types of LDs is still unclear. The object of the present research was to compare subgroups of students with different forms of LDs (<25th percentile) on executive function and PM. Students with a mathematics disability (MD, n = 30), reading disability (RD, n = 27), both (RDMD, n = 27), or neither (typically developing, TD, n = 30) were evaluated on a set of executive functioning tasks (e.g., updating, inhibition, and shifting) and on PM. The results showed that students with MDs and RDMDs suffered from PM deficits. Among the subtypes of LDs, the deficit is different. The students with RDMDs showed a wide range of defects in PM, shifting, inhibition, and updating. In comparison, students with MDs experienced deficits in PM and shifting, while students with RDs experienced a deficit only in updating. For the RD group, the RDMD group and the TD group, updating, and shifting significantly predicted PM. For the MD group, only shifting significantly predicted PM performance, but PM deficits were not completely confined to shifting deficits.

15.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2021 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635819

RESUMO

For networked control systems, it is known that various communication parameters in the channel will pose some fundamental limitations on output tracking control (OTC) performance. In this study, we mainly discuss the limitations resulting from model uncertainties, involving channel and plant. Through using the bivariate stochastic process to model packet loss, and the assumption that channel noise is additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN), two explicit expressions of output tracking performance limitations are derived with the single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) and two-degree-of-freedom (TDOF) control structure, which shows that the performance of OTC is closely related to the inherent characteristics of the plant, as well as the packet loss rate and power spectral density (PSD) of AWGN. Finally, by considering an illustrative example, the simulation results are verified and analyzed to ensure the effectiveness of treatment methods and results.

16.
Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging ; 307: 111229, 2021 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33242746

RESUMO

Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with increased suicidal behavior. Understanding the neural features of suicide attempts (SA) in patients with BD is critical to preventing suicidal behavior. The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is a key region related to SA. In this study, forty BD patients with a history of SA (BD+SA), 70 BD patients without a history of SA (BD-SA), and 110 individuals in a healthy control (HC) group underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and resting-state functional MRI. We used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and amplitude of low frequency fluctuations (ALFF) techniques to examine the gray matter volumes (GMVs) and ALFF values in the PFC. Compared with the HC group, both the BD+SA and BD-SA groups had lower GMVs and higher ALFF values in the medial PFC (MPFC), ventral PFC (VPFC), and dorsolateral PFC (DLPFC). The ALFF values in the MPFC, VPFC, and DLPFC in the BD+SA group were significantly higher than those in the BD-SA group. These findings suggest that BD patients with SA have intrinsic activity abnormalities in PFC regions. This provides potentially identifiable neuroimaging markers in BD patients with SA that could be used to increase our understanding of suicidal behavior.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Substância Cinzenta , Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Córtex Pré-Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Tentativa de Suicídio
17.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 42(4): 1182-1196, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210798

RESUMO

Dynamic functional connectivity (DFC) analysis can capture time-varying properties of connectivity. However, studies on large samples using DFC to investigate transdiagnostic dysconnectivity across schizophrenia (SZ), bipolar disorder (BD), and major depressive disorder (MDD) are rare. In this study, we used resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging and a sliding-window method to study DFC in a total of 610 individuals (150 with SZ, 100 with BD, 150 with MDD, and 210 healthy controls [HC]) at a single site. Using k-means clustering, DFCs were clustered into three functional connectivity states: one was a more frequent state with moderate positive and negative connectivity (State 1), and the other two were less frequent states with stronger positive and negative connectivity (State 2 and State 3). Significant 4-group differences (SZ, BD, MDD, and HC groups; q < .05, false-discovery rate [FDR]-corrected) in DFC were nearly only in State 1. Post hoc analyses (q < .05, FDR-corrected) in State 1 showed that transdiagnostic dysconnectivity patterns among SZ, BD and MDD featured consistently decreased connectivity within most networks (the visual, somatomotor, salience and frontoparietal networks), which was most obvious in both range and extent for SZ. Our findings suggest that there is more common dysconnectivity across SZ, BD and MDD than we previously expected and that such dysconnectivity is state-dependent, which provides new insights into the pathophysiological mechanism of major psychiatric disorders.

18.
J Affect Disord ; 279: 324-333, 2021 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) could assist in identifying objective biomarkers and follow-up study could effectively improve subjective diagnostic accuracy. By combining MRI with follow-up, this study aims to determine the shared and distinct alterations between major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: Untreated patients with MDD experiencing the first episode were subjected to MRI and subsequent follow-up. Fifteen patients with mania or hypomania were regrouped into BD group. Twenty patients were still grouped as MDD after an average of 37.95 months follow-up. Thirty healthy controls (HCs) were recruited to match the patients. Gray matter volume (GMV) and amygdala-seed functional connectivity (FC) in the whole brain were detected and compared among the three groups. RESULTS: GMV analysis revealed that the MDD and BD groups presented reduced GMV predominantly in the parietal, occipital, and frontal regions in the bilateral cerebrum compared with the HCs. The BD group had reduced GMV predominantly in the parietal, temporal, insular regions and the Rolandic operculum in the right-side cerebrum compared with MDD and HC groups. FC analysis revealed that the MDD and BD patients displayed increased FC values mainly in the bilateral parietal, and left occipital regions. Only the BD group displayed increased FC values in the temporal, occipital, parietal and limbic regions in the right-side cerebrum relative to HCs. LIMITATIONS: The main limitation is the relatively small sample size. CONCLUSIONS: Alterations in the cortical regions and cortico-limbic neural system may provide the scientific basis for differential diagnosis in affective disorders.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico por imagem , Seguimentos , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
19.
Ann Gen Psychiatry ; 19(1): 69, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mood disorders are severe mental disorders related to increased suicidal behavior. Finding neural features for suicidal behavior, including suicide attempts (SAs) and suicidal ideation (SI), in mood disorders may be helpful in preventing suicidal behavior. METHODS: Subjects consisted of 70 patients with mood disorders and suicidal behavior, 128 patients with mood disorders without suicidal behavior (mood disorders control, MC), and 145 health control (HC) individuals. All participants underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) techniques to examine gray matter volumes (GMVs). RESULTS: Significant differences were found in GMVs of the left and right middle frontal gyrus among the patients with mood disorders and suicidal behavior, MC, and HC. Post hoc comparisons showed significant differences in the GMVs of the above regions across all three groups (P < 0.01): HC > MC > mood disorders with suicidal behavior. However, there were no significant differences in the GMVs of the left and right middle frontal gyrus between the mood disorders with SI and mood disorders with SAs groups. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide evidence that abnormal regional GMV in the middle frontal gyrus is associated with suicidal behavior in mood disorders. Further investigation is warranted to determine whether the GMV alterations in mood disorders with SI are different from these in mood disorders with SAs.

20.
Neural Plast ; 2020: 8859388, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33381163

RESUMO

Background: Cognitive impairments are documented in schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) and may be related to gray matter volumes (GMVs). Thus, this study is aimed at exploring whether the association between cognitive impairments and GMV alterations is similar in patients with SZ and BD and understanding the underlying neurobiological mechanisms. Methods: A total of 137 adult subjects (46 with SZ, 35 with BD, and 56 age-, sex-, and education-matched healthy controls (HC)) completed the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB) and structural magnetic resonance imaging scanning. We performed group comparisons of the cognitive impairments, the GMV alterations, and the association between them. Results: Compared with HC, the patients with SZ and BD showed shared deficits in 4 cognitive domains (i.e., processing speed, working memory, problem solving, and social cognition) and the composite. SZ and BD had commonly decreased GMVs, mainly in the insula, superior temporal pole, amygdala, anterior cingulate, and frontal cortices (superior, middle, opercular inferior, and orbital frontal gyrus). No correlation between MCCB scores and GMVs was detected in SZ. However, for BD, working memory was relevant to the right hemisphere (i.e., right insula, amygdala, superior temporal pole, and medial and dorsolateral superior frontal gyrus). Limitations. The major limitations were that not all patients were the first-episode status and no medication. Conclusions: The association was mainly limited to the BD group. Thus, the underlying pathophysiology of the cognitive deficits, in terms of GMV alterations, may be diverse between two disorders.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar/patologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/patologia , Substância Cinzenta/patologia , Esquizofrenia/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtorno Bipolar/psicologia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Feminino , Substância Cinzenta/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Tamanho do Órgão/fisiologia , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Psicologia do Esquizofrênico , Adulto Jovem
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