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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1946-1954, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492366

RESUMO

This study represents a facile but efficient glycothermal method for synthesis of vanadium dioxide, VO2(B) nanoparticles with various geometries from spheres to rods, flakes or their agglomeration structures, by controlling reaction conditions (e.g., vanadium resources, reducing agents and surfactants). The as-prepared VO2(B) nanoparticles were characterized in microstructure and composition, and also examined in terms of gas sensing performance. It was found that the VO2(B) nanoparticles exhibit a good sensitivity towards alcohols (ethanol, isopropanol, and butanol) and acetone at the optimised operating temperature of 300 °C. The gas sensing performance was further compared with other vanadium oxides investigated previously, such as V2O5, Na1.08V3O8. The plausible gas sensing mechanism of the as-prepared nanoparticles was discussed in detail. This study would expand the family of vanadium oxides that can be made as potential sensors for applications in detecting environmental safety and human health.

2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 554: 91-102, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284151

RESUMO

In this work, carbon and nitrogen co-doped yolk-shell ZnFe2O4 nanostructures (CN-ZnFe2O4) were successfully synthesized through a facile self-templated method with in situ doping strategy. A series of characterizations were processed to present a comprehensive properties of the as-prepared photocatalyst samples. Doping amount could be moderated by the addition mass of dopamine, which was regarded as both the carbon and nitrogen source. And the void space between yolk and shell could be adjusted by heating rates in the calcination process of precursors. With an excellent separation efficiency of photogenerated electron-hole pairs and transfer efficiency of photogenerated electrons, the obtained CN-ZnFe2O4 sample exhibited an enhanced visible light response than ZnFe2O4. And their photocatalytic performances towards gaseous 1, 2-dichlorobenzene (o-DCB) was also systematically studied. The results demonstrated that the CN-ZnFe2O4 sample with 100 mg dopamine addition and 20 °C/min calcination heating rate exhibited the best o-DCB degradation efficiency. In situ Fourier Transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was also recorded to give a detailed information of intermediate products and reveal the mechanism of photocatalytic degradation towards o-DCB. Particularly, density functional theory (DFT) calculation was used to further study the electronic structure of prepared samples to support the experimental results and especially explain the mechanism of enhanced photocatalytic activity through a proposed lattice junction. Additionally, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) technique was carried out to prove the reactive oxygen species involved in the photodegradation process. This work not only presents a promising strategy in photocatalyst fabrication but also provides a new sight of enhanced photocatalysis mechanism.

3.
ChemSusChem ; 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270940

RESUMO

Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) containing first-row transition metals such as Fe, Co, and Ni have attracted significant interest for electrocatalysis owing to their abundance and excellent performance for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in alkaline media. Herein, the assembly of holey iron-doped nickel-cobalt layered double hydroxide (NiCo-LDH) nanosheets ('holey nanosheets') is demonstrated by employing uniform Ni-Co glycerate spheres as self-templates. Iron doping was found to increase the rate of hydrolysis of Ni-Co glycerate spheres and induce the formation of a holey interconnected sheet-like structure with small pores (1-10 nm) and a high specific surface area (279 m2 g-1 ). The optimum Fe-doped NiCo-LDH OER catalyst showed a low overpotential of 285 mV at a current density of 10 mA cm-2 and a low Tafel slope of 62 mV dec-1 . The enhanced OER activity was attributed to (i) the high specific surface area of the holey nanosheets, which increases the number of active sites, and (ii) the improved kinetics and enhanced ion transport arising from the iron doping and synergistic effects.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 48(32): 12096-12104, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321391

RESUMO

Fluorine and tin co-doped rutile TiO2 nanorod arrays are grown on fluorine-doped tin oxide substrates by a hydrothermal process and are used as photoanodes to perform photoelectrochemical water oxidation. Fluorine and tin co-doping synergistically enhances the ultraviolet light conversion efficiency of the resulting TiO2, which enables its photocurrent density of photoelectrochemical water oxidation to be more than four times that of the undoped samples. Such improvement in photoelectrochemical performance is attributed to changes in the electronic structure of the rutile TiO2 due to fluorine and tin co-doping. It is found that introducing tin into the matrix of rutile TiO2 can improve the charge separation efficiency because of the enhanced migration of photogenerated electrons from the conduction band of TiO2 to that of SnO2 that occurs at local sites, while fluorine doping can greatly reduce the recombination of the photogenerated electron-hole pairs due to the presence of the Ti3+ state that is produced to compensate for the charge difference between F- ions and O2- ions. It is envisaged that the fluorine and tin co-doped TiO2 nanorod arrays described will provide valuable platforms for wide photocatalytic applications that are not merely limited to photoelectrochemical water oxidation.

5.
Clin Lab ; 65(3)2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30868857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have shown that the hematological components of the systemic inflammatory response, including the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), and the systemic immune inflammation index (SII) are efficient prognostic indicators in patients with cancers. Most of the studies did not investigate the reference intervals (RIs) of these parameters in healthy controls. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on healthy ethnic Han population aged between 18 and 79 years of age by retrieving the data from a healthy routine examination center database and laboratory infor-mation system of four participating centers in western China. By following the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI), RIs of each parameter was established and validated. RESULTS: The analysis included 5,969 healthy subjects. We found that the individual's gender can significantly influence PLR, LMR, and SII (all p < 0.05), but not NLR (p > 0.05). Surprisingly, we also found that with an increase in age, the PLR, LMR, and SII tend to decrease, while NLR remained stable. PLR, LMR, and SII values were significantly higher in the young adults (18 - 64 years) than in old adults (65 - 79 years) (p < 0.001). The RIs of NLR, PLR (adults), PLR (old adults), LMR and SII were 0.88 - 4.0, 49 - 198, 42 - 187, 2.63 - 9.9, 142 x 109/L - 804 x 109/L, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our study addresses possible variations and establishes consensus for the NLR, PLR, LMR, and SII RIs for healthy Han Chinese adults in western China. Further, established RIs can standardize clinical applications and promote the use of these indicators into the routine complete blood count report.


Assuntos
Inflamação/sangue , Contagem de Linfócitos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 19(6): 3597-3603, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30744791

RESUMO

This study represents a facile but effective electrodeposition method to fabricate vanadium dioxide (VO2) thin films on fluorine doped tin oxide (FTO) glass at room temperature. The film microstructure (thickness, surface structure, particle size and composition) and relevant optical properties were investigated by several advanced techniques. The pertinent variables that can affect the thin film formation and structure, such as deposition potential, time and post-treatment annealing temperature were also studied. It was found that the film thickness could be tuned from 35 to 130 nm by adjusting the potential from -1.22 to -1.35 V, and consequently leading to optical transmittance decreasing from ∼60% to ∼38% in the wavelength of 500-1000 nm, further confirmed by computational simulations using three-dimension (3D) finite-difference time-domain method. The hysteresis loop of the generated VO2 film on FTO glass shows that the phase transition temperature from monoclinic to rutile is around 73 °C, a little higher than pure monoclinic VO2 (∼68 °C) in this study. This proposed electrodeposition method is possible to extend into obtaining metal oxide films with tuneable surface properties for thermochromic smart devices.

7.
Adv Mater ; 30(10)2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29349814

RESUMO

Vanadium dioxide/titanium nitride (VO2 /TiN) smart coatings are prepared by hybridizing thermochromic VO2 with plasmonic TiN nanoparticles. The VO2 /TiN coatings can control infrared (IR) radiation dynamically in accordance with the ambient temperature and illumination intensity. It blocks IR light under strong illumination at 28 °C but is IR transparent under weak irradiation conditions or at a low temperature of 20 °C. The VO2 /TiN coatings exhibit a good integral visible transmittance of up to 51% and excellent IR switching efficiency of 48% at 2000 nm. These unique advantages make VO2 /TiN promising as smart energy-saving windows.

8.
Chemistry ; 23(14): 3291-3299, 2017 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28074502

RESUMO

Gold nanorods (AuNRs) are versatile materials due to their broadly tunable optical properties associated with their anisotropic feature. Conventional seed-mediated synthesis is, however, not only limited by the operational complexity and over-sensitivity towards subtle changes of experimental conditions but also suffers from low yield (≈15 %). A facile seedless method is reported to overcome these challenges. Monodispersed AuNRs with high yield (≈100 %) and highly adjustable longitudinal surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) are reproducibly synthesized. The parameters that influence the AuNRs growth were thoroughly investigated in terms of growth kinetics and soft-template regulation, offering a better understanding of the template-based mechanism. The facile synthesis, broad tunability of LSRP, high reproducibility, high yield, and ease of scale-up make this method promising for the future mass production of monodispersed AuNRs for applications in catalysis, sensing, and biomedicine.

9.
Small ; 13(4)2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27322357

RESUMO

Binary 1D nanowires consisting of both SnO2 nanoparticles and Au nanorods are fabricated through a "substrate-particle solution template" assembling method, which shows highly enhanced gas sensitivity toward acetone under ambient conditions.

10.
Adv Mater ; 29(12)2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28026053

RESUMO

The emergence of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as a new class of crystalline porous materials is attracting considerable attention in many fields such as catalysis, energy storage and conversion, sensors, and environmental remediation due to their controllable composition, structure and pore size. MOFs are versatile precursors for the preparation of various forms of nanomaterials as well as new multifunctional nanocomposites/hybrids, which exhibit superior functional properties compared to the individual components assembling the composites. This review provides an overview of recent developments achieved in the fabrication of porous MOF-derived nanostructures including carbons, metal oxides, metal chalcogenides (metal sulfides and selenides), metal carbides, metal phosphides and their composites. Finally, the challenges and future trends and prospects associated with the development of MOF-derived nanomaterials are also examined.

11.
ACS Nano ; 11(1): 407-415, 2017 01 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28009507

RESUMO

Dual-phase transformation has been developed as a template-free surface patterning technique in this study. Ordered VO2 honeycomb structures with a complex hierarchy have been fabricated via this method, and the microstructures of the obtained VO2(M) coatings are tunable by tailoring the pertinent variables. The VO2(M) honeycomb-structured coatings have excellent visible light transmittance at 700 nm (Tvis) up to 95.4% with decent solar modulating ability (ΔTsol) of 5.5%, creating the potential as ultratransparent smart solar modulating coatings. Its excellent performance has been confirmed by a proof-of-principle demonstration. The dual-phase transformation technique has dramatically simplified the conventional colloidal lithography technique as a scalable surface patterning technique for achieving high-performance metal oxide coatings with diverse applications, such as catalysis, sensing, optics, electronics, and superwettable materials.

12.
ACS Omega ; 2(9): 6211-6222, 2017 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31457866

RESUMO

Drops with larger volumes placed over a superhydrophobic (SH) surface with a hole do not fall through unless they are evaporated to a size that is small enough. This feature offers the ability to preconcentrate samples for biochemical analysis. In this work, the influence of pinning on the behavior of drops placed on a 0.1 mm thick SH substrate with a 2 mm diameter hole as they evaporated was investigated. With 16 µL of water dispensed, the sessile drop component volume was initially higher than that of the overhanging drop component and maintained this until the later stages where almost identical shapes were attained and full evaporation was achieved without falling off the hole. With 15 µL of water dispensed, the volume of the sessile drop was initially higher than that of the overhanging drop component but the liquid body was able to squeeze through the hole after 180 s due to the contact line not having sufficient pinning strength when it encountered the edge of the hole. This resulted in the liquid body either falling through the hole or remaining pinned with an oval-like shape. When it did not fall-off, the liquid body had volume and contact angle characteristics for the sessile drop and overhanging drop components that were reversed. In the later stages, however, nearly identical shapes were again attained and full evaporation was achieved without falling off the hole. The effects of pinning, despite the substrate being SH, offer another path toward achieving practical outcomes with liquid bodies without the need for chemical surface functionalization. Similarities and differences could be seen in the behavior of a sessile drop on a SH plate that was inclined at 30° to the horizontal and evaporated.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 7(46): 25658-68, 2015 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26535913

RESUMO

Gold nanorods and their core-shell nanocomposites have been widely studied because of their well-defined anisotropy and unique optical properties and applications. This study demonstrates a facile hydrothermal synthesis strategy for generating carbon coating on gold nanorods (AuNRs@C) under mild conditions (<200 °C), where the carbon shell is composed of polymerized sugar molecules (glucose). The structure and composition of the produced core-shell nanocomposites were characterized using advanced microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. The functional properties, particularly the photothermal and biocompatibility properties of the produced AuNRs@C, were quantified to assess their potential in photothermal hyperthermia. These AuNRs@C were tested in vitro (under representative treatment conditions) using near-infrared (NIR) light irradiation. It was found that the AuNRs produced here exhibit exemplary heat generation capability. Temperature changes of 10.5, 9, and 8 °C for AuNRs@C were observed with carbon shell thicknesses of 10, 17, and 25 nm, respectively, at a concentration of 50 µM, after 600 s of irradiation with a laser power of 0.17 W/cm(2). In addition, the synthesized AuNRs@C also exhibit good biocompatibility toward two soft tissue sarcoma cell lines (HT1080, a fibrosarcoma; and GCT, a fibrous histiocytoma). The cell viability study shows that AuNRs@C (at a concentration of <0.1 mg/mL) core-shell particles induce significantly lower cytotoxicity on both HT1080 and GCT cell lines, as compared with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)-capped AuNRs. Furthermore, similar to PEG-modified AuNRs, they are also safe to both HT1080 and GCT cell lines. This biocompatibility results from a surface full of -OH or -COH groups, which are suitable for linking and are nontoxic Therefore, the AuNRs@C represent a viable alternative to PEG-coated AuNRs for facile synthesis and improved photothermal conversion. Overall, these findings open up a new class of carbon-coated nanostructures that are biocompatible and could potentially be employed in a wide range of biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Carbono/química , Ouro/química , Hipertermia Induzida , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Fototerapia , Teste de Materiais , Nanotubos/química , Nanotubos/ultraestrutura , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
14.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 10(1): 411, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26489854

RESUMO

A simple hydrothermal method for the synthesis of Ag0.35V2O5 nanobelts with the assistance of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is reported in this study. The experimental variables that may affect the nanoparticle structures were investigated. And several advanced techniques, such as TEM, HRTEM, X-ray diffraction (XRD), were used to characterize the morphology and composition of the as-prepared nanobelts. The mechanism of the formation and growth of Ag0.35V2O5 nanobelts was also investigated and discussed. The results show that SDS, as a weak reducing agent, plays a crucial role in the formation of Ag0.35V2O5. According to N2 sorption isothermals, the as-prepared Ag0.35V2O5 nanobelts are found to exhibit relative high surface area. The gas sensing performance of the Ag0.35V2O5 nanobelts towards organic amine was tested. It is found that the nanobelts show superior sensitivity of amine(s) to V2O5 particles, lower detection limit (5 ppm), and higher selectivity of amine versus ammonia at an optimized working temperature of ~260 °C. Moreover, the density functional theory (DFT) simulation was conducted to better understand the sensing mechanism. These findings may be useful in designing promising materials to detect amine gases for medical or food industrial applications.

15.
Small ; 11(29): 3557-67, 2015 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25808560

RESUMO

This study demonstrates a facile but efficient hydrothermal method for the direct synthesis of both carbonaceous silver (Ag@C core-shell) nanocables and carbonaceous nanotubes under mild conditions (<180 °C). The carbonaceous tubes can be formed by removal of the silver cores via an etching process under temperature control (60-140 °C). The structure and composition are characterized using various advanced microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. The pertinent variables such as temperature, reaction time, and surfactants that can affect the formation and growth of the nanocables and nanotubes are investigated and optimized. It is found that cetyltrimethylammonium bromide plays multiple roles in the formation of Ag@C nanocables and carbonaceous nanotubes including: a shape controller for metallic Ag wires and Ag@C cables, a source of Br(-) ions to form insoluble AgBr and then Ag crystals, an etching agent of silver cores to form carbonaceous tubes, and an inducer to refill silver particles into the carbonaceous tubes to form core-shell structures. The formation mechanism of carbonaceous silver nanostructures depending upon temperature is also discussed. Finally, the electrocatalytic performance of the as-prepared Ag@C nanocables is assessed for the oxidation reduction reaction and found to be very active but much less costly than the commonly used platinum catalysts. The findings should be useful for designing and constructing carbonaceous-metal nanostructures with potential applications in conductive materials, catalysts, and biosensors.

16.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 16(23): 11471-80, 2014 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24801357

RESUMO

The sensitivity of a metal oxide gas sensor is strongly dependent on the nature of the crystal surface exposed to the gas species. In this study, two types of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures: nanoplates and nanorods with exposed (0001) and (10̄10) crystal surfaces, respectively, were synthesized through facile solvothermal methods. The gas-sensing results show that sensitivity of the ZnO nanoplates toward ethanol is two times higher than that of the ZnO nanorods, at an optimum operating temperature of 300 °C. This could be attributed to the higher surface area and the exposed (0001) crystal surfaces. DFT (Density Functional Theory) simulations were carried out to study the adsorption of ethanol on the ZnO crystal planes such as (0001), (10̄10), and (11̄20) with adsorbed O(-) ions. The results reveal that the exposed (0001) planes of the ZnO nanoplates promote better ethanol adsorption by interacting with the surface oxygen p (O2p) orbitals and stretching the O-H bond to lower the adsorption energy, leading to the sensitivity enhancement of the nanoplates. These findings will be useful for the fabrication of metal oxide nanostructures with specifically exposed crystal surfaces for improved gas-sensing and/or catalytic performance.

17.
Appl Opt ; 52(24): 6041-50, 2013 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24085009

RESUMO

Nanofluids have been increasingly used in a wide range of thermal applications. Although these applications can benefit greatly from investigating the behavior of nanoparticles under different heating scenarios, there is a lack of experiments that can achieve this. To overcome this challenge, an optical "pump-probe"-type experiment is suggested in this paper. In experiments of this type, a set of "pumping" nanoparticles are specifically selected to absorb laser radiation. These particles represent a flexible tool for volumetric heating. A second set of "probing" nanoparticles can be tailored to scatter a separate optical probing signal. This work presents a selection procedure for nanoparticles of both types. The selection procedure is then demonstrated for a specific example where the pump and probe wavelengths are of 980 and 532 nm, respectively. Gold nanorods with diameters of 10 and a length of 58 nm are selected as the "most suitable" absorbing particles, while silver nanospheres with a diameter of 110 nm are selected as the "most suitable" scattering particles. These particles are synthesized and shown to experimentally match the desired optical properties. Overall, this paper proposes and demonstrates an approach by which it is possible to design and fabricate particles for a wide range of optical studies in semi-transparent nanofluids.

18.
Langmuir ; 29(23): 7134-42, 2013 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23679079

RESUMO

Silver-gold (Ag-Au) bimetallic nanowires were controllably synthesized by a newly developed wet-chemical method at room temperature. The Ag nanowires and Au nanoparticles were sequentially formed by reduction with vanadium oxide (V2O3) nanoparticles so as to form Ag-Au bimetal, in which the Ag nanowires show a diameter of ~20 nm and length up to 10 µm. A few unique features were noted in our new approach: it was rapid (within a few minutes), controllable in shape and size, reproducible, and there was no need for any surface modifiers. The formation and growth mechanisms of these Ag-Au bimetallic nanostructures driven by lattice match and a unique reducing agent (V2O3) have been proposed in this study. Moreover, the application of such bimetallic nanoparticles for catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol was performed, and they exhibit catalytic properties superior to those of the Ag nanowires, Au nanoparticles, and Ag-Pd bimetallic nanostructures prepared under the reported conditions. These Ag-Au bimetallic nanoparticles have potential to be highly efficient catalysts for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol. This study may lead to new path for the generation of other bimetallic nanostructures with excellent catalytic efficiency.

19.
Appl Opt ; 52(7): 1413-22, 2013 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23458793

RESUMO

In this article we report recent modeling and design work indicating that mixtures of nanoparticles in liquids can be used as an alternative to conventional optical filters. The major motivation for creating liquid optical filters is that they can be pumped in and out of a system to meet transient needs in an application. To demonstrate the versatility of this new class of filters, we present the design of nanofluids for use as long-pass, short-pass, and bandpass optical filters using a simple Monte Carlo optimization procedure. With relatively simple mixtures, we achieve filters with <15% mean-squared deviation in transmittance from conventional filters. We also discuss the current commercial feasibility of nanofluid-based optical filters by including an estimation of today's off-the-shelf cost of the materials. While the limited availability of quality commercial nanoparticles makes it hard to compete with conventional filters, new synthesis methods and economies of scale could enable nanofluid-based optical filters in the near future. As such, this study lays the groundwork for creating a new class of selective optical filters for a wide range of applications, namely communications, electronics, optical sensors, lighting, photography, medicine, and many more.

20.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 387(1): 74-83, 2012 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22975400

RESUMO

This study demonstrates a facile and effective method to generate mono-dispersed titanium dioxide spheres at ambient conditions. The size of the colloids can be controlled from 60 to 500 nm by optimizing experimental parameters (e.g., concentration, time, and temperature). Anatase TiO(2) can be obtained through titanium glycolate colloids generated in acetone via two ways: water boiling approach and calcination at a high temperature of 500°C. Particle characteristics (shape, size, and size distribution) were measured by advanced techniques, including transmission electron microscope (TEM), thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), UV/Vis absorption spectrum, nitrogen gas adsorption and desorption isotherms Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurement, and X-ray diffraction technique (XRD). The possible mechanism of nucleation and growth of such colloids was discussed. The role of acetone in the formation and growth of titanium glycolate colloids was also investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Finally, the photocatalysis performance of such anatase TiO(2) particles was tested and proved to be efficient in degradation of organic dyes (e.g., phenolphthalein and methly orange).

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