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1.
Front Immunol ; 12: 612139, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33679751

RESUMO

Background: Numerous cancer types present the aberrant TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) expression, which plays an important role in driving inflammation and innate immunity. However, the prognostic role of TBK1 and its relationship with immune cell infiltration in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. Methods: The expression and prognostic value of TBK1 was analyzed by Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER), Kaplan-Meier plotter and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA), Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (CPTAC) and further confirmed in the present cohort of patients with HCC. The association between TBK1 and HCC immune infiltrates, and its potential mechanism were investigated via analyses of the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource, tumor-immune system interactions database (TISIDB), CIBERSORT, STRING, and Metascape. The effect of TBK1 on immune infiltrates and the therapeutic value of targeting TBK1 were further investigated in a HCC mouse model by treatment with a TBK1 antagonist. Results: The level of TBK1 expression in HCC was higher than that measured in normal tissues, and associated with poorer overall survival (GEPIA: hazard ratio [HR]=1.80, P=0.038; Kaplan-Meier plotter: HR=1.87, P<0.001; CPTAC: HR=2.23, P=0.007; Our cohort: HR=2.92, P=0.002). In addition, high TBK1 expression was found in HCC with advanced TNM stage and identified as an independent poor prognostic factor for overall survival among patients with HCC. In terms of immune infiltration, tumor tissues from HCC patients with high TBK1 expression had a low proportion of CD8+ T cells, and TBK1 expression did not show prognostic value in HCC patients with enriched CD8+ T cells. Furthermore, TBK1 expression was positively correlated with the markers of T cell exhaustion and immunosuppressive cells in the HCC microenvironment. Mechanistically, the promotion of HCC immunosuppression by TBK1 was involved in the regulation of inflammatory cytokines. In vivo experiments revealed that treatment with a TBK1 antagonist delayed HCC growth by increasing the number of tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells. Conclusions: The up-regulated expression of TBK1 may be useful in predicting poor prognosis of patients with HCC. In addition, TBK1, which promotes the HCC immunosuppressive microenvironment, may be a potential immunotherapeutic target for patients with HCC.

2.
Hepatology ; 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609283

RESUMO

Myofibroblasts play a pivotal role in the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we aimed to explore the role and mechanism of myofibroblast Musashi RNA binding protein 2 (MSI2) in HCC progression. Myofibroblast infiltration and collagen deposition were detected and assessed in the tissues from 117 HCC patients. Transgenic mice (Msi2ΔCol1a1 ) with floxed Msi2 allele and Col1a1-CreER were constructed to generate a myofibroblast-specific Msi2 knockout model. Mouse HCC cells were orthotopically transplanted into the Msi2ΔCol1a1 or the control mice (Msi2F/F ). We found that the deposition of collagen fibers, the main product of myofibroblasts, predicted a poor prognosis for HCC; meanwhile, we detected high MSI2 expression in the peritumoral infiltrated myofibroblasts. Conditional deletion of Msi2 in myofibroblasts significantly inhibited the growth of orthotopically implanted HCC, reduced both intrahepatic and lung metastasis, and prolonged the overall survival of tumor-bearing mice (P = 0.002). In vitro analysis demonstrated that myofibroblasts promoted cell proliferation, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transformation of HCC cells, whereas Msi2 deletion in myofibroblasts reversed these effects. Mechanically, Msi2 knockout decreased myofibroblast-derived IL6 and IL11 secretion by inhibiting the ERK1/2 pathway, and thus attenuated the cancer stem cell promoting effect of myofibroblasts. Interestingly, we found that the simultaneous knockout of Msi2 in myofibroblasts and knockdown of Msi2 in HCC cells could not further attenuate the implanted HCC progression. CONCLUSION: Myofibroblast-specific Msi2 knockout abrogated the tumor-promoting function of myofibroblasts and inhibited HCC progression in mouse models. Targeting myofibroblast MSI2 expression may thus prove to be a therapeutic strategy for HCC treatment in the future.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(3): 1568-1582, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410581

RESUMO

The pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic liver microenvironment facilitates hepatocarcinogenesis. However, the effects and mechanisms by which the hepatic fibroinflammatory microenvironment modulates intrahepatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression and its response to systematic therapy remain largely unexplored. We established a syngeneic orthotopic HCC mouse model with a series of persistent liver injury induced by CCl4 gavage, which mimic the dynamic effect of hepatic pathology microenvironment on intrahepatic HCC growth and metastasis. Non-invasive bioluminescence imaging was applied to follow tumour progression over time. The effect of the liver microenvironment modulated by hepatic injury on sorafenib resistance was investigated in vivo and in vitro. We found that the persistent liver injury facilitated HCC growth and metastasis, which was positively correlated with the degree of liver inflammation rather than the extent of liver fibrosis. The inflammatory cytokines in liver tissue were clearly increased after liver injury. The two indicated cytokines, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), both promoted intrahepatic HCC progression via STAT3 activation. In addition, the hepatic inflammatory microenvironment contributed to sorafenib resistance through the anti-apoptotic protein mediated by STAT3, and STAT3 inhibitor S3I-201 significantly improved sorafenib efficacy impaired by liver inflammation. Clinically, the increased inflammation of liver tissues was accompanied with the up-regulated STAT3 activation in HCC. Above all, we concluded that the hepatic inflammatory microenvironment promotes intrahepatic HCC growth, metastasis and sorafenib resistance through activation of STAT3.

4.
Am J Pathol ; 190(11): 2267-2281, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805235

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis is an increasing health problem worldwide, for which no effective antifibrosis drugs are available. Although the involvement of aerobic glycolysis in hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation has been reported, the role of pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) in liver fibrogenesis still remains unknown. We examined PKM2 expression and location in liver tissues and primary hepatic cells. The in vitro and in vivo effects of a PKM2 antagonist (shikonin) and its allosteric agent (TEPP-46) on liver fibrosis were investigated in HSCs and liver fibrosis mouse model. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing and immunoprecipitation were performed to identify the relevant molecular mechanisms. PKM2 expression was significantly up-regulated in both mouse and human fibrotic livers compared with normal livers, and mainly detected in activated, rather than quiescent, HSCs. PKM2 knockdown markedly inhibited the activation and proliferation of HSCs in vitro. Interestingly, the PKM2 dimer, rather than the tetramer, induced HSC activation. PKM2 tetramerization induced by TEPP-46 effectively inhibited HSC activation, reduced aerobic glycolysis, and decreased MYC and CCND1 expression via regulating histone H3K9 acetylation in activated HSCs. TEPP-46 and shikonin dramatically attenuated liver fibrosis in vivo. Our findings demonstrate a nonmetabolic role of PKM2 in liver fibrosis. PKM2 tetramerization or suppression could prevent HSC activation and protects against liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Células Estreladas do Fígado/enzimologia , Cirrose Hepática/enzimologia , Multimerização Proteica , Piruvato Quinase/metabolismo , Acetilação , Animais , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Feminino , Células Estreladas do Fígado/patologia , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Compostos Orgânicos/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo
5.
Exp Mol Med ; 52(7): 1062-1074, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32632241

RESUMO

Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is an anesthetic that is widely used in the clinic, and it has been reported to exhibit paradoxical effects in the progression of multiple solid tumors. In this study, we sought to explore the mechanism by which DEX regulates hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression underlying liver fibrosis. We determined the effects of DEX on tumor progression in an orthotopic HCC mouse model of fibrotic liver. A coculture system and a subcutaneous xenograft model involving coimplantation of mouse hepatoma cells (H22) and primary activated hepatic stellate cells (aHSCs) were used to study the effects of DEX on HCC progression. We found that in the preclinical mouse model of liver fibrosis, DEX treatment significantly shortened median survival time and promoted tumor growth, intrahepatic metastasis and pulmonary metastasis. The DEX receptor (ADRA2A) was mainly expressed in aHSCs but was barely detected in HCC cells. DEX dramatically reinforced HCC malignant behaviors in the presence of aHSCs in both the coculture system and the coimplantation mouse model, but DEX alone exerted no significant effects on the malignancy of HCC. Mechanistically, DEX induced IL-6 secretion from aHSCs and promoted HCC progression via STAT3 activation. Our findings provide evidence that the clinical application of DEX may cause undesirable side effects in HCC patients with liver fibrosis.

6.
Cancer Med ; 8(3): 1315-1325, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30741466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatments based on the inhibition of pivotal signals of cancer stem cells (CSCs) are on a promising track. Recent studies have shown that targeting CSCs with broader immune-based therapeutic methods, for example, the anti-CD47 treatment, may serve as a more potent strategy for eliminating these intractable cells. We aimed to explore the prognostic effects of CD47/CD133 and the potential therapeutic significance of CD47 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was employed to identify the characteristics of CD47 and CD133 in 26 pairs of tumor tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues and 136 ESCC tissues. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional hazards models were built for estimating the prognostic values of CD47 and CD133 expression and their combined stemness index. Sphere formation assays were undertaken to explore the effects of CD47 inhibition on primary human ESCC CSCs. RESULTS: Results conclude that CD47 and CD133 expression is increased in tumor tissues as compared to adjacent non-tumor tissues. A positive correlation between CD47/CD133 expression and differentiation was found in 136 ESCC patients. Survival analysis indicated that patients with high CD47 or CD133 expression exhibited poor overall survival and progression-free survival (PFS). The combination of high CD47 and CD133 expression was a reliable independent prognostic factor for both OS (HR = 1.940, 95% CI = 1.399-2.690, P < 0.0001) and progression-free survival (HR = 1.883, 95% CI = 1.384-2.562, P < 0.0001). Notably, CD47+ CD133+ ESCC cells were observed to possess the characteristics of CSCs, and anti-CD47 treatment veritably eliminated the CSCs pool. CONCLUSIONS: The stemness index determined by the expression of CD47 and CD133 is a promising prognostic predictor, and CD47 is a potential therapeutic target for CSCs in ESCC patients.


Assuntos
Antígeno AC133/metabolismo , Antígeno CD47/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/mortalidade , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Antígeno AC133/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Antígeno CD47/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/terapia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
MAbs ; 10(8): 1301-1311, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30204048

RESUMO

Animal models used to evaluate efficacies of immune checkpoint inhibitors are insufficient or inaccurate. We thus examined two xenograft models used for this purpose, with the aim of optimizing them. One method involves the use of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and cell line-derived xenografts (PBMCs-CDX model). For this model, we implanted human lung cancer cells into NOD-scid-IL2Rg-/- (NSI) mice, followed by injection of human PBMCs. The second method involves the use of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells and CDX (HSPCs-CDX model). For this model, we first reconstituted the human immune system by transferring human CD34+ hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs-derived humanized model) and then transplanted human lung cancer cells. We found that the PBMCs-CDX model was more accurate in evaluating PD-L1/PD-1 targeted immunotherapies. In addition, it took only four weeks with the PBMCs-CDX model for efficacy evaluation, compared to 10-14 weeks with the HSPCs-CDX model. We then further established PBMCs-derived patient-derived xenografts (PDX) models, including an auto-PBMCs-PDX model using cancer and T cells from the same tumor, and applied them to assess the antitumor efficacies of anti-PD-L1 antibodies. We demonstrated that this PBMCs-derived PDX model was an invaluable tool to study the efficacies of PD-L1/PD-1 targeted cancer immunotherapies. Overall, we found our PBMCs-derived models to be excellent preclinical models for studying immune checkpoint inhibitors.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Imunoterapia/métodos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Animais , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/imunologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos SCID , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo
8.
Hepatology ; 68(3): 1125-1139, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29537660

RESUMO

Spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) plays a critical role in immune cell signaling pathways and has been reported as a biomarker for human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We sought to investigate the mechanism by which SYK promotes liver fibrosis and to evaluate SYK as a therapeutic target for liver fibrosis. We evaluated the cellular localization of SYK and the association between SYK expression and liver fibrogenesis in normal, hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected, hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) liver tissue (n=36, 127, 22 and 30, respectively). A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) array was used to detect the changes in transcription factor (TF) expression in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) with SYK knockdown. The effects of SYK antagonism on liver fibrogenesis were studied in LX-2 cells, TWNT-4 cells, primary human HSCs, and three progressive fibrosis/cirrhosis animal models, including a CCL4 mouse model, and diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and bile duct ligation (BDL) rat models. We found that SYK protein in HSCs and hepatocytes correlated positively with liver fibrosis stage in human liver tissue. HBV or HCV infection significantly increased SYK and cytokine expression in hepatocytes. Increasing cytokine production further induced SYK expression and fibrosis-related gene transcription in HSCs. Up-regulated SYK in HSCs promoted HSC activation by increasing the expression of specific TFs related to activation of HSCs. SYK antagonism effectively suppressed liver fibrosis via inhibition of HSC activation, and decreased obstructive jaundice and reduced HCC development in animal models. Conclusion: SYK promotes liver fibrosis via activation of HSCs and is an attractive potential therapeutic target for liver fibrosis and prevention of HCC development. (Hepatology 2018).


Assuntos
Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Indazóis/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/enzimologia , Pirazinas/uso terapêutico , Quinase Syk/metabolismo , Animais , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Células Hep G2 , Hepatócitos/enzimologia , Humanos , Indazóis/farmacologia , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pirazinas/farmacologia , Ratos , Quinase Syk/antagonistas & inibidores
9.
Front Immunol ; 8: 1713, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29255466

RESUMO

Interleukin 15 (IL-15) regulates the development, survival, and functions of multiple innate and adaptive immune cells and plays a dual role in promoting both tumor cell growth and antitumor immunity. Here, we demonstrated that the in vivo injection of recombinant human IL-15 (200 µg/kg) or murine IL-15 (3 µg/kg) to tumor-bearing NOD-SCID-IL2Rg-/- (NSI) mice resulted in increased tumor progression and CD45+ CD11b+ Gr-1+ CD215+ cell expansion in the tumors and spleen. In B16F10-bearing C57BL/6 mice model, we found that murine IL-15 has antitumoral effect since the activation and expansion of CD8+ T cells with murine IL-15 treatment. But no enhanced or reduced tumor growth was observed in mice when human IL-15 was used. However, both murine and human IL-15 promote CD45+ CD11b+ Gr-1+ CD215+ cells expansion. In xenograft tumor models, CD215+ myeloid cells, but not CD215- cells, responded to human IL-15 stimulation and promoted tumor growth. Furthermore, we found that human IL-15 mediated insulin-like growth factor-1 production in CD215+ myeloid cells and blocking IGF-1 reduced the tumor-promoting effect of IL-15. Finally, we observed that higher IGF-1 expression is an indicator of poor prognosis among lung adenocarcinoma patients. These findings provide evidence that IL-15 may promote tumor cell progression via CD215+ myeloid cells, and IGF-1 may be an important candidate that IL-15 facilitates tumor growth.

10.
J Cancer ; 8(16): 3343-3355, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29158807

RESUMO

Background: The peripheral benzodiazepine receptor (PBR) has previously been reported as an oncogene in prostate, breast and colorectal cancers, but its prognostic value, biological behavior and function in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has not been investigated. Methods: qRT-PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were used to detect PBR expression in ESCC and matched non-cancerous tissues. Based on all of the significantly independent factors, a nomogram was established to predict the prognosis of ESCC patients. In addition, we performed comprehensive in vitro experiments to study the functions of PBR in cell growth, colony formation, and migration ability, as well as its relationship with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related proteins in ESCC cells. Results: The mRNA and protein expression levels of PBR in ESCC were higher than those in adjacent non-tumor esophageal epithelial tissues. The IHC results demonstrated that PBR expression was an independent prognostic factor in ESCC survival, patients with higher PBR expression had a poorer survival than those with low expression, and PBR expression was significantly associated with lymphoid nodal status. Furthermore, a nomogram was established to reliably predict the probability of death in ESCC patients, with a Harrell's c-index of 0.696. In the vitro experiments, knocking down the expression of PBR inhibited proliferation, colony formation and migration of ESCC cells, and regulated EMT-associated proteins (up-regulation of E-cadherin, ZO-1 and ß-catenin and concomitant with down-regulation of Fibronectin and N-cadherin). Conclusions: PBR is an independent prognostic factor in ESCC, and it promotes ESCC progression and metastasis. Basing on PBR expression level, a nomogram is established and performs a well in predicting survival of ESCC patients.

11.
Qual Life Res ; 26(12): 3331-3341, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28766083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Sexual function is a significant part of patients' quality of life, which is another important aspect of cancer. This study assessed and compared the sexual function of male esophageal cancer patients to that of age-matched normal controls through postoperative follow-up surveys. METHODS: The study included 105 male esophageal cancer patients aged 38-81 years who underwent a curative-intent esophagectomy between April 2012 and May 2014. This observational study included sociodemographic and clinicopathological characteristics and responses to sexual function questionnaires International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) at 6 and 12 months after surgery. An age-matched normal control group was recruited. Non-parametric tests were used when appropriate. RESULTS: The median patient age was 59 years. The factors significantly associated with sexual dysfunction on the 6-month survey included older age, and postoperative complications. At 12 months after surgery, older age was significantly associated with poorer sexual function. The sexual function scores significantly increased from 6 to 12 months after surgery (P < 0.05); there was no difference in the patients' 12-month sexual function scores and those of the normal controls (P > 0.05). Notably, compared to older patients (age ≥60 years), the younger (age <60 years) patients reported a significantly better sexual function scores (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Age, and postoperative complications were the factors significantly associated with sexual function. Impaired sexual function after primary treatment can be recovered in male esophageal cancer patients; younger patients may regain sexual function better than their older counterparts.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/complicações , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Esofágicas/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Oncotarget ; 6(13): 11704-13, 2015 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25868976

RESUMO

Tyrosine-protein phosphatase non-receptor type 12 (PTPN12) has been considered to be a tumor suppressor in human cancer, but its clinical and prognostic significance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been well elucidated.A retrospective analysis of 215 patients with surgically resected NSCLCs from Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center between April 2002 and March 2005 was performed using immunohistochemistry and Western Blot to analyze PTPN12 expression. The association between PTPN12 expression and patient survival was investigated.Western Blots showed that the expression level of PTPN12 were higher in normal paracancerous lung tissues than in NSCLC tissues. High PTPN12 expression was less common in the presence than in the absence of visceral pleural invasion (p=0.038). Patients with PTPN12-high tumors had a longer disease-free survival (DFS) (P<0.001) and overall survival (OS) (p<0.001), especially for those with non-squamous cell carcinoma (non-SCC) (DFS, p<0.001; OS, p<0.001). Multivariate analysis confirmed that PTPN12 positivity was associated with increased survival duration (DFS, p<0.001; OS, p<0.001), independent of prognostic indicator.High PTPN12 expressive levels are associated with favorable survival duration in patients with NSCLC, especially those with non-SCC. Our study suggests that PTPN12 expression is a valuable prognostic biomarker for NSCLC patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 12/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Western Blotting , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , China , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Pneumonectomia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Análise Serial de Tecidos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Food Sci Technol Int ; 19(3): 209-15, 2013 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23426721

RESUMO

Cobia head protein hydrolysate (CHPH) with angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity was prepared with papain. The 3 kDa ultrafiltration filtrate CHPH-IV of the hydrolysate exerted a potent ACE inhibitory activity with IC50 being 0.24 mg/mL. The fractions with molecular weight located between 1749 Da and 173 Da represented up 66.96% of CHPH-IV, and those between 494 Da and 173 Da represented up 31.37% of CHPH-IV. It was found that the ACE inhibitory activity of CHPH-IV was intensified from IC50 0.24 mg/mL to 0.17 mg/mL after incubation with gastrointestinal proteases. The CHPH-IV significantly decreased the systolic blood pressure in a dose-dependent manner after oral administration to spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) at dose of 150 mg/kg, 600 mg/kg and 1200 mg/kg body weight. These results suggested that CHPH-IV from cobia head protein hydrolysate by papain could serve as a source of peptides with antihypertensive activity in functional food industry.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/química , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Papaína/química , Perciformes , Hidrolisados de Proteína/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/química , Hidrolisados de Proteína/química , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR
14.
Int J Biomed Imaging ; 2011: 203537, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20976306

RESUMO

Bioluminescence tomography (BLT) is a promising tool for studying physiological and pathological processes at cellular and molecular levels. In most clinical or preclinical practices, fine discretization is needed for recovering sources with acceptable resolution when solving BLT with finite element method (FEM). Nevertheless, uniformly fine meshes would cause large dataset and overfine meshes might aggravate the ill-posedness of BLT. Additionally, accurately quantitative information of density and power has not been simultaneously obtained so far. In this paper, we present a novel multilevel sparse reconstruction method based on adaptive FEM framework. In this method, permissible source region gradually reduces with adaptive local mesh refinement. By using sparse reconstruction with l(1) regularization on multilevel adaptive meshes, simultaneous recovery of density and power as well as accurate source location can be achieved. Experimental results for heterogeneous phantom and mouse atlas model demonstrate its effectiveness and potentiality in the application of quantitative BLT.

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