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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502169

RESUMO

Methods: Blood pressure and urine biochemical indices were recorded. Renal blood flow was evaluated by renal ultrasonography. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and HE staining were used to assess kidney and spleen morphology. Renal fibrosis was assessed using Masson staining. Serum levels of IL-6, IL-10, and IL-17A were measured using ELISAs. The density of RORγ and Foxp3 in the spleen was observed by immunofluorescence staining. The levels of Th17 cells and Tregs in blood were detected via flow cytometry. Transcriptome sequencing was performed to screen the targets of BSHM granules in hypertensive kidneys. Results: BSHM granules decreased SBP by 21.2 mm·Hg and DBP by 8.8 mm·Hg in ageing SHRs (P < 0.05), decreased the levels of urine mALB, ß2-Mg, and NAG (P < 0.01), and improved renal blood flow and arteriosclerosis. BSHM granules increased IL-10 expression (P < 0.05) while decreasing IL-6 (P < 0.01) and IL-17A (P < 0.05) levels. BSHM granules improved Foxp3 density and the number of Tregs (P < 0.01) and reduced RORγt density and the number of Th17 cells (P < 0.01). Transcriptome sequencing identified 747 differentially expressed (DE) mRNAs in kidneys after BSHM treatment. GO analysis suggested that BSHM granules act through immunoregulation. Conclusions: BSHM granules attenuated hypertensive renal damage in ageing SHRs, by significantly increasing Tregs and decreasing Th17 cells.

2.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 1733834, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35035656

RESUMO

Calycosin (CAL) is the main active component present in Astragalus and reportedly possesses diverse pharmacological properties. However, the cardioprotective effect and underlying mechanism of CAL against doxorubicin- (DOX-) induced cardiotoxicity need to be comprehensively examined. Herein, we aimed to investigate whether the cardioprotective effects of CAL are related to its antipyroptotic effect. A cardiatoxicity model was established by stimulating H9c2 cells and C57BL/6J mice using DOX. In vitro, CAL increased H9c2 cell viability and decreased DOX-induced pyroptosis via NLRP3, caspase-1, and gasdermin D signaling pathways in a dose-dependent manner. In vivo, CAL-DOX cotreatment effectively suppressed DOX-induced cytotoxicity as well as inflammatory and cardiomyocyte pyroptosis via the same molecular mechanism. Next, we used nigericin (Nig) and NLRP3 forced overexpression to determine whether CAL imparts antipyroptotic effects by inhibiting the NLRP3 inflammasome in vitro. Furthermore, CAL suppressed DOX-induced mitochondrial oxidative stress injury in H9c2 cells by decreasing the generation of reactive oxygen species and increasing mitochondrial membrane potential and adenosine triphosphate. Likewise, CAL attenuated the DOX-induced increase in malondialdehyde content and decreased superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities in H9c2 cells. In vivo, CAL afforded a protective effect against DOX-induced cardiac injury by improving myocardial function, inhibiting brain natriuretic peptide, and improving the changes of the histological morphology of DOX-treated mice. Collectively, our findings confirmed that CAL alleviates DOX-induced cardiotoxicity and pyroptosis by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation in vivo and in vitro.


Assuntos
Cardiotoxicidade/tratamento farmacológico , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoflavonas/uso terapêutico , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Humanos , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Piroptose
3.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 739615, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776960

RESUMO

Cardiac hypertrophy is an important characteristic in the development of hypertensive heart disease. Mitochondrial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathology of cardiac hypertrophy. Recent studies have shown that sirtuin 3 (SIRT3)/poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) pathway modulation inhibits cardiac hypertrophy. Quercetin, a natural flavonol agent, has been reported to attenuate cardiac hypertrophy. However, the molecular mechanism is not completely elucidated. In this study, we aimed to explore the mechanism underlying the protective effect of quercetin on cardiac hypertrophy. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were treated with quercetin (20 mg/kg/d) for 8 weeks to evaluate the effects of quercetin on blood pressure and cardiac hypertrophy. Additionally, the mitochondrial protective effect of quercetin was assessed in H9c2 cells treated with Ang II. SHRs displayed aggravated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, which were attenuated by quercetin treatment. Quercetin also improved cardiac function, reduced mitochondrial superoxide and protected mitochondrial structure in vivo. In vitro, Ang II increased the mRNA level of hypertrophic markers including atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and ß-myosin heavy chain (ß-MHC), whereas quercetin ameliorated this hypertrophic response. Moreover, quercetin prevented mitochondrial function against Ang II induction. Importantly, mitochondrial protection and PARP-1 inhibition by quercetin were partly abolished after SIRT3 knockdown. Our results suggested that quercetin protected mitochondrial function by modulating SIRT3/PARP-1 pathway, contributing to the inhibition of cardiac hypertrophy.

4.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(20): 1589, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasingly, evidence has shown that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play an important role in isolated systolic hypertension (ISH). However, a systematic lncRNA-messenger RNA (mRNA) regulatory network is still absent in isolated systolic hypertension and atherosclerotic cerebral infarction patients (ISH & ACI). This research aimed to establish a lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network in patients with ISH & ACI, to probe into the potential functions of lncRNA in such patients. METHODS: Expression profiles of lncRNA and mRNAs were collected and compared, from 8 patients with ISH and 8 patients with ISH & ACI by RNA-seq data. Differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs were screened out via high-throughput sequencing in the plasma of ISH/ACI patients and control ISH patients. Then, a lncRNA-mRNA interaction network was built using the Pearson correlation coefficient by Cytoscape software. The expression levels of the hub genes and lncRNAs were verified by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in another 10 ISH/ACI patients and 10 control patients. This study was approved by the responsible institutional review board (IRB) and informed consent was provided by participants. RESULTS: A total of 2,768 differentially expressed lncRNAs and 747 differentially expressed mRNAs were identified. We identified two hub genes (CD226 and PARVB) and 11 lncRNAs in the lncRNA-mRNA interaction network. The results of qRT-PCR and cell assay verified that lncRNAs ENST00000590604 and CD226 are highly expressed in patients of ISH & ACI. Further, CD226 was associated with vascular endothelial cells growth and stability through the platelet activation and focal adhesion pathway. CONCLUSIONS: We established a novel mRNA-lncRNA interaction network. The lncRNAs ENST00000590604 and CD226 might be the potential biomarkers of ISH & ACI.

5.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112133, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474337

RESUMO

MCC950, an NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor, displays multiple pharmacological properties. However, the protective potential and underlying mechanism of MCC950 against doxorubicin (DOX)-induced myocardial injury has not been well investigated yet. Herein, DOX-induced myocardial injury in mice and in H9c2 myocardial cells was investigated, and the protective effects and underlying mechanism of MCC950 were fully explored. The results showed that MCC950 co-treatment significantly improved myocardial function, inhibited inflammatory and myocardial fibrosis, and attenuated cardiomyocyte pyroptosis in DOX-treated mice. Mechanismly, MCC950 had the potential to inhibit DOX-induced the cleavage of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1, IL-18, IL-1ß and GSDMD in vivo. Moreover, MCC950 co-treatment in vivo suppressed DOX-induced cytotoxicity as well as inflammatory and cardiomyocyte pyroptosis through the same molecular mechanism. Taken together, our findings validated that MCC950, an NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor, has the potential to attenuate doxorubicin-induced myocardial injury in vivo and in vitro by inhibiting NLRP3-mediated pyroptosis.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Furanos/farmacologia , Cardiopatias/prevenção & controle , Indenos/farmacologia , Inflamassomos/antagonistas & inibidores , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/antagonistas & inibidores , Piroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Animais , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Cardiotoxicidade , Linhagem Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Doxorrubicina , Fibrose , Cardiopatias/induzido quimicamente , Cardiopatias/metabolismo , Cardiopatias/patologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Dose Response ; 19(2): 15593258211011342, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33994888

RESUMO

It has been proven a close relationship between intestinal microbiota and hypertension. Valsartan is a widely used ARB antihypertensive drug; so far, the effect of valsartan on intestinal microbiota remains largely unexplored. Herein, we evaluated the composition, structure and metabolites of intestinal microbiota of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) after valsartan administration. In the present study, valsartan administration decreased intestinal microbiota diversity, altered gut microbiota composition, leading to 192 unique OTUs deficiency (vs WKY rats) and 10 unique OTUs deficiency (vs SHRs) and did not prove impaired intestinal mucosal barriers. Valsartan decreased the production of isobutyric acid and isovaleric acid in SCFAs. Our findings revealed valsartan administration induced far-reaching and robust changes to the intestinal microbiota of SHRs and provided a better understanding of the relationship between efficacy of valsartan and gastrointestinal tract reaction.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(5): e24127, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33592863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is well known that morning blood pressure surge increases the risk of myocardial events in the first several hours post-awakening. This meta-analysis was performed to compare the antihypertensive efficacy of morning and bedtime dosing on decreasing morning blood pressure surge. METHODS: Articles in 4 databases about clinical trials of ingestion time of antihypertensive drugs were searched and performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the different effects on morning blood pressure and absolute blood pressure (BP) reduction from baseline of between bedtime administration (experimental group) and morning awaking administration (control group). RESULTS: The aim of this study is to compare the antihypertensive efficacy of morning and bedtime dosing on decreasing morning blood pressure surge. CONCLUSIONS: The bedtime will provide evidence support for clinicians and patients for reducing morning blood pressure surge. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study does not require ethical approval.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos , Cronoterapia Farmacológica , Hipertensão , Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacocinética , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Mol Divers ; 25(4): 2351-2365, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32676746

RESUMO

A poor prognosis, relapse and resistance are burning issues during adverse-risk acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) treatment. As a natural medicine, Scutellaria barbata D. Don (SBD) has shown impressive antitumour activity in various cancers. Thus, SBD may become a potential drug in adverse-risk AML treatment. This study aimed to screen the key targets of SBD in adverse-risk AML using the drug-biomarker interaction model through bioinformatics and network pharmacology methods. First, the adverse-risk AML-related critical biomarkers and targets of SBD active ingredient were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas database and several pharmacophore matching databases. Next, the protein-protein interaction network was constructed, and topological analysis and pathway enrichment were used to screen key targets and main pathways of intervention of SBD in adverse-risk AML. Finally, molecular docking was implemented for key target verification. The results suggest that luteolin and quercetin are the main active components of SBD against adverse-risk AML, and affected drug resistance, apoptosis, immune regulation and angiogenesis through the core targets AKT1, MAPK1, IL6, EGFR, SRC, VEGFA and TP53. We hope the proposed drug-biomarker interaction model provides an effective strategy for the research and development of antitumour drugs.


Assuntos
Scutellaria
9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 266: 113453, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039628

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Banxia Baizhu Tianma decoction (BBTD) is a classical representative prescription for expelling phlegm, extinguishing wind, strengthening the spleen and dissipating excessive fluid in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). According to both TCM theory and about 300 years of clinical practice, BBTD is especially suitable for hypertensive patients of abdominal obesity and lacking physical activity. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study tried to interpret the pharmacology of the ancient formula of BBTD. Herein, we focused on the plasma metabonomics of BBTD and evaluated the effect and targets of BBTD on endothelial protective effect. METHODS: Obesity-related hypertensive mice were induced by high-fat diet for 20 weeks. BBTD (17.8 g/kg) was administered intragastrically for 8 weeks, and telmisartan group (12.5 mg/kg) was used as positive drug. Body weight, blood pressure, triglyceride and cholesterol were recorded to evaluate the efficacy of BBTD in vivo. Lipid deposition in aortic roots was assessed by oil red O staining, while morphology of aortas was observed by HE staining. Ultra performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was performed to study the plasma non-targeted metabonomics. According to the data of metabonomics, human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were treated by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL, 50 µg/mL) with/without BBTD (2, 1 or 0.5 mg/mL). Apoptosis rate (Annexin V-FITC/PI), migration (Transwell), cytoskeleton (Phalloidin) and density of VE-cadherin (Immunofluorescence staining) were used to investigate the effect of BBTD in vitro. Transcriptome sequencing was performed (2 mg/mL BBTD vs ox-LDL) to screen the possible targets of BBTD in endothelial protection against ox-LDL. RESULTS: BBTD effectively reduced the body weight and total cholesterol, and decreased 12.1 mmHg in SBP and 10.5 mmHg in DBP of obesity-related hypertensive mice (P < 0.05). BBTD attenuated lipid deposition in arterial roots and improved the morphology of aortas in vivo. Plasma metabolite profiles identified 94 differential metabolites and suggested BBTD mainly affected glycerophospholipids and fatty acyls. Bioinformatics analysis indicated sphingolipid metabolism and fluid shear stress and atherosclerosis were main pathways. Therefore, we focused on endothelial protective effect of BBTD against ox-LDL. In vitro, BBTD demonstrated endothelial protective effects, decreasing apoptosis rate, improving cell migration in dose-dependent manner and maintaining cell morphology. Transcriptome sequencing identified 251 downregulated and 603 upregulated mRNAs after 24h-BBTD treatment, which reversed 51.8% change in mRNAs (393 DE mRNAs) induced by ox-LDL. Bioinformatics analysis supported the potential of BBTD in hypertension and suggested that BBTD improved endothelial cells by targeting mainly on p53 and PPAR signaling pathways. CONCLUSIONS: BBTD attenuates obesity-related hypertension by regulating metabolism of glycerophospholipids and endothelial protection.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Metabolômica , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Animais , Aorta/citologia , Aorta/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/metabolismo
10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 269: 113768, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33383113

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The combination of Astragalus membranaceus and Salvia miltiorrhiza (AS) is an effective prescription that is widely used to treat chronic kidney disease (CKD) clinically in traditional Chinese medicine. Our previous studies have shown that AS can alleviate early CKD through the "gut-kidney axis", but the regulatory role of AS in the "gut-kidney axis" in the middle and late stages of CKD caused by cyclosporin A-induced chronic nephrotoxicity (CICN) has remained unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: To explore the protective effect of AS by regulating the intestinal flora to further control the miRNA-mRNA interaction profiles in CICN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-two mice were divided into four groups: Normal (N) (olive oil), Model (M) (CsA, 30 mg kg-1 d-1), AS (CsA + AS, 30 + 8.4 g kg-1 d-1) and FMT-AS (CsA + Faeces of AS group, 30 mg + 10 mL kg-1 d-1). The mice were treated for 6 weeks. Changes in renal function related metabolites were detected, pathological changes in the colon and kidney were observed, and 16S rDNA sequencing was performed on mouse faeces. In addition, miRNA and mRNA sequencing were performed on the kidney to construct differential expression (DE) profiles of the other 3 groups compared with group M. The target mRNAs among the DE miRNAs were then predicted, and an integrated analysis was performed with the DE mRNAs to annotate gene function by KEGG. DE miRNAs and DE mRNAs related to CICN in the overlapping top 20 KEGG pathways were screened and verified. RESULTS: Eight metabolites that could worsen renal function were increased in group M, accompanied by thickening of the glomerular basement membrane, vacuolar degeneration of renal tubules, and proliferation of collagen fibres, while AS and FMT-AS intervention amended these changes to varying degrees. Simultaneously, intestinal permeability increased, the abundance and diversity of the flora decreased, and the ratio of Firmicum to Bacteroides (F/B) increased in group M. The AS and FMT-AS treatments reversed the flora disorder and increased probiotics producing butyric acid and lactic acid, especially Akkermansia and Lactobacillus, which might regulate the 12 overlapping top 20 KEGG pathways, such as Butanoate metabolism, Tryptophan metabolism and several RF-related pathways, leading to the remission of renal metabolism. Finally, 15 DE miRNAs and 45 DE mRNAs were screened as the therapeutic targets, and the results coincided with the sequencing results. CONCLUSION: AS could alleviate renal fibrosis and metabolism caused by CICN through the "gut-kidney axis". Probiotics such as Akkermansia and Lactobacillus were the primary driving factors, and the miRNA-mRNA interaction profiles, especially Butanoate metabolism and Tryptophan metabolism, may be an important subsequent response and regulatory mechanism.


Assuntos
Astragalus propinquus/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Animais , Ácido Butírico , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/metabolismo , Colo/microbiologia , Colo/patologia , Ciclosporina/toxicidade , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Transplante de Microbiota Fecal , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Láctico , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores de Superfície Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/induzido quimicamente , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/microbiologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia
11.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 4261485, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204695

RESUMO

The combination of Eucommia ulmoides and Tribulus terrestris (ET) has been widely utilized in clinical practice for thousands of years, but the mechanism underlying its efficacy has not been elucidated to date. This study attempted to investigate the role played by the intestinal microbiota and fecal metabolism in the response of elderly spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) to ET administration as a treatment for hypertension. Fourteen male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs, 18 months old) were randomly divided into an ET group and an SHR group, and 7 Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats of the same age were employed as the control group. The ET group was intragastrically administered 1.0 g/kg/d ET for 42 days, and SHRs and WKY rats were administered an equal amount of normal saline intragastrically. The intestinal microbiota and fecal metabolism were analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing and the GC-MS (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry)/MS assay. ET treatment decreased blood pressure steadily, improved the colonic tissue morphology, and changed the structure and composition of the imbalanced microbiota in SHRs. Specifically, ET treatment increased the abundance of Eubacterium, which might be one of the target microbes for ET, and had a negative correlation with the levels of α-tocopherol, chenodeoxycholic acid, and deoxycholic acid according to the Spearman correlation analysis. The change in the intestinal microbiota affected the fecal metabolic pattern of SHRs. Eight potential biomarkers were determined to be primarily enriched in ABC transporters, phenylalanine metabolism, central carbon metabolism in cancer, purine metabolism, and protein digestion and absorption. The correlation analysis demonstrated that the abundance of Eubacterium and the decreased levels of α-tocopherol, chenodeoxycholic acid, and deoxycholic acid in the ET group were highly correlated. Our results suggest that ET has a good antihypertensive effect, which may be driven by the intestinal microbiota and their beneficial metabolites. The results of this study may help to elucidate the antihypertensive mechanism of ET.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Eucommiaceae/química , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Tribulus/química , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/química , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos/análise , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Fezes/microbiologia , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Masculino , Metabolômica/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY
12.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 475(1-2): 41-51, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32737769

RESUMO

Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) modulates gene transcription and expression and induces the development of endothelium inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, in which microRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role. However, the mechanism of ox-LDL in inflammatory damage of endothelial cells still remains elusive. Herein, we focused on the effect of hsa-miR-217-5p (miR-217) on endothelial dysfunction induced by ox-LDL by targeting early growth response protein-1 (EGR1). In the present study, 31 upregulated miRNAs and 59 downregulated miRNAs (Fold Change > 2, P value < 0.05) were identified after 6 h of 80 µg/mL ox-LDL exposure in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) by small RNA sequencing, including miR-217 that was significantly decreased (FC = 0.2787, P value = 5.22E-16). MiR-217 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation and increased level of IL-6, IL-1ß, ICAM-1 and TNF-α, while overexpression of miR-217 relieved the growth inhibition induced by ox-LDL and demonstrated anti-inflammatory effect in HAECs. EGR1 was predicted as a potential candidate target gene of miR-217 by TargetScan. The subsequent dual-luciferase reporter assay confirmed the direct binding of miR-217 to 3'UTR of EGR1. And EGR1 expression was negatively correlated with the level of miRNA-217 in HAECs after exposure to ox-LDL. Overexpression of EGR1 recapitulated the effects of miR-217 knockdown on cell proliferation inhibition and inflammation in HAECs, while knockdown EGR1 relieved the proliferative inhibition and demonstrated anti-inflammatory effect in ox-LDL-induced HAECs. The present study confirmed miR-217 ameliorates inflammatory damage of endothelial cells induced by oxidized LDL by targeting EGR1.


Assuntos
Aorta/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Aorta/patologia , Apoptose/fisiologia , Aterosclerose/patologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética
13.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 772, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32547390

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2020.00512.].

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 512, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endothelial senescence is an important risk factor leading to atherosclerosis. The mechanism of quercetin against endothelial senescence is worth exploring. METHODS: Quercetin (20 mg/kg/d) was administered to ApoE-/- mice intragastrically to evaluate the effectiveness of quercetin on atherosclerotic lesion in vivo. In vitro, human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were used to assess the effect of quercetin on cellular senescence induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). Transcriptome microarray and quantitative RT-PCR was conducted to study the pharmacological targets of quercetin. RESULTS: ApoE-/- mice demonstrated obvious lipid deposition in arterial lumina, high level of serum sIcam-1 and IL-6, and high density of Vcam-1 and lower density of Sirt1 in aorta. Quercetin administration decreased lipid deposition in arterial lumina, serum sIcam-1, and IL-6 and Vcam-1 in aorta, while increased the density of Sirt1 in aorta of ApoE-/- mice. In vitro, quercetin (0.3, 1, or 3 µmol/L) decreased the expression of senescence-associated ß-galactosidase and improved cell morphology of HAECs. And quercetin decreased the cellular apoptosis and increased mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) in dose-dependent manner, and decreased ROS generation simultaneously. Transcriptome microarray suggested 254 differentially expressed (DE) mRNAs (110 mRNAs were upregulated and 144 mRNAs were downregulated) in HAECs after quercetin treatment (fold change > 1.5, P < 0 .05, Que vs Ox-LDL). GO and KEGG analysis indicated nitrogen metabolism, ECM-receptor interaction, complement, and coagulation cascades, p53 and mTOR signaling pathway were involved in the pharmacological mechanisms of quercetin against ox-LDL. CONCLUSIONS: Quercetin alleviated atherosclerotic lesion both in vivo and in vitro.

15.
Dose Response ; 18(1): 1559325820913786, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: LINC01614 was abnormally expressed in myocardial infarction and other heart failures. We attempted to detect the effects of LINC01614 in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. METHODS: H9c2 cardiomyocyte cells were treated with hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) to establish myocardial ischemia (MI) model. RESULTS: Clinical data of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database indicated that LINC01614 was highly regulated in first acute myocardial infarction, whereas miR-138-5p was downregulated in unstable angina pectoris. LINC01614 inhibition promoted cell proliferation and repressed the apoptotic property after H/R treatment using Cell Counting Kit-8 and flow cytometry analysis. Downregulation of LINC01614 enhanced the expression of Bcl-2 but attenuated Bax and cleaved caspase 3 expression after H/R treatment. Bioinformatics prediction and dual-luciferase reporter assay determined that LINC01614 directly targeted miR-138-5p and negatively regulated the expression of miR-138-5p. Furthermore, the overexpression of miR-138-5p significantly strengthened the function of si-LINC01614 in H/R groups. CONCLUSION: Our results illustrated that reduction in LINC01614 attenuated H/R treatment-induced myocardial damage via sponging miR-138-5p.

16.
Food Funct ; 11(2): 1881-1890, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068754

RESUMO

ß-Sitosterol is a natural compound widely found in many vegetable oils, nuts, and plant medicines; it lowers the cholesterol levels, enhances the production of plasminogen activators, and exhibits anticancer and antiatherogenic effects. However, the direct endothelial protection of ß-sitosterol against an oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is not well understood. In the present study, ß-sitosterol significantly inhibited cell apoptosis (P < 0.01), increased cell migration (P < 0.01), improved energy metabolism (P < 0.05) and improved morphology after ox-LDL (50 µg ml-1) exposure following ß-sitosterol (2 µg mL-1) treatment in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs ). A total of 691 differentially expressed (DE) mRNAs were identified (579 were upregulated and 112 were downregulated, fold change ≥2.0, P < 0.05) after 24 h of ß-sitosterol administration in transcriptome sequencing (ß-sitosterol vs. ox-LDL), which suggested that ß-sitosterol reversed 62.32% change in mRNAs induced by ox-LDL. DE mRNAs are enriched mainly in focal adhesion, ribosomes, eukaryotic translation elongation, etc. Considering that one of the enrichment is 3'-UTR-mediated translational regulation, we explored DE microRNA (miRNA). The miRNA-seq data proposed 87 up-regulated and 58 down-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2.0, P < 0.05) in miRNA-seq (ß-sitosterol vs. ox-LDL), suggesting that ß-sitosterol reversed 76.67% change in miRNAs induced by ox-LDL. The DE miRNA-DE mRNA coexpression network focused on ribosomes, cell cycle, oxidative phosphorylation, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, TNF signaling pathway, ErbB signaling pathway, and mTOR signaling pathway. Consequently, miRNAs might be the targets of ß-sitosterol and play vital roles in transcriptional regulation in endothelial protective and antiatherogenic effects against ox-LDL.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipoproteínas LDL/efeitos adversos , MicroRNAs , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Sitosteroides/farmacologia , Aorta/citologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , MicroRNAs/análise , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Chin J Integr Med ; 26(1): 46-53, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388973

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of combination of Radix Astragali (RA) and Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae (RS) on kidney of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and renal intrinsic cells. METHODS: SHRs were intragastrically administrated with RA (5.09 g/kg) and RS (2.55 g/kg) either alone or with combination for 4 weeks; valsartan (13.35 mg/kg) was used as a positive control. Blood pressure and renal ultrasonography were monitored periodically. The biomarkers [microalbumin (mALB), cystatin ^C, angiotensin II (Ang II), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), and ß2-microglobulin (ß2-Mg), etc.] in serum and urine were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The protein expressions [phosphorylated adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase-α1 (p-AMPKα1), sestrin-ß, calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase-ß (CaMKK-ß), phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K), serine-threonine protein kinase 1 (AKT1), and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2)] in renal cortex were determined by Western blot. In vitro, the hypertensive cellular model was established by applying 2×10-6 mol/L Ang ^II. The primary human podocytes, human glomerular endothelial cells (HRGECs), and human proximal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2s) were pre-incubated with sulfotanshinone sodium (Tan, 10 µg/mL) and/or calycosin-7-O-ß-D-glucoside (Cal, 5 µg/mL). The cellular viability and apoptosis were assayed by 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and Annexin V/PI staining, respectively. The level of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in culture supernatant was determined by ELISA. RESULTS: RA+RS signifificantly decreased the diastolic blood pressure, renal vascular resistance index, and parenchymal thickness, increased 24 h urinary volume as well as lowered the levels of urine mALB and serum cystatin ^C, IL-1ß and ß2-Mg of SHRs (P <0.05 vs. SHRs). The decreased protein levels of p-AMPKα1, sestrinß and CaMKK-ß and the increased protein levels of PI3K, AKT1 and VEGFR2 in renal cortex of SHRs were normalized after RA+RS treatment (P <0.05). In vitro, Tan and Cal attenuated the Ang II-induced abnormal proliferation and increased the apoptosis of HRGECs and HK-2s and improved the level of eNOS in culture supernatant. Whereas, neither of them showed powerful effect on podocyte. CONCLUSION: The combination of RA and RS had potential effects on alleviating the renal damages of SHRs and the renoprotection was independent of blood pressure level.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/metabolismo , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Angiotensina II , Animais , Astragalus propinquus , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/urina , Western Blotting , Células Cultivadas , Rim/citologia , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY
18.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 9637479, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396536

RESUMO

Background: Changes in the gut microbiota are associated with cardiovascular disease progression. Xiao-Qing-Long Tang (XQLT), a traditional herbal formula, has an anti-inflammatory effect and regulates the steady state of the immune system, which is also associated with the progression of heart failure with preserved ejection faction (HFpEF). In this study, we investigated whether XQLT could contribute to prevent the development of HFpEF and whether the modulation of the gut microbiota by this herbal formula could be involved in such effect. Methods: The gut microbiota, SCFAs, the histology/function of the heart, and systolic blood pressure were examined to evaluate the effect of XQLT on the gut microbiota and the progression of HFpEF after oral administration of XQLT to model rats. Furthermore, we evaluated, through fecal microbiota transplantation experiments, whether the favorable effects of XQLT could be mediated by the gut microbiota. Results: Oral administration of XQLT contributed to the reduction of elevated blood pressure, inflammation, and compensatory hypertrophy, features that are associated with the progression of HFpEF. The gut microbiota composition, SCFA levels, and intestinal mucosal histology were improved after treatment with XQLT. Moreover, fecal transfer from XQLT-treated rats was sufficient to prevent the progression of HFpEF. Conclusions: These data suggested that XQLT prevented the development of HFpEF in model rats by regulating the composition of the gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Oral , Animais , Cardiomegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Cardiomegalia/microbiologia , Cardiomegalia/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibrose , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca/microbiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Dahl
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428172

RESUMO

Our previous studies have shown that the combination of Astragalus membranaceus and Salvia miltiorrhiza (HD) had a good antihypertensive effect, but its potential mechanism remained unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of intestinal flora and serum metabolism induced by HD against hypertension. 16 spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs) were divided into HD group (5.9 g/kg) and model group (M) (normal saline), with eight Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats as control group (W) (normal saline). Rats were fed by gavage once a day for 28 days. The changes of intestinal flora and serum metabolism were analyzed by 16S rDNA sequencing and LC-MS/MS assay. HD decreased blood pressure steadily, improved the structure and composition of imbalance flora in SHRs, increased the abundance and diversity of flora, and decreased flora Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio. Rumen bacterium NK4A214, Clostridium sp. MC 40 increased remarkably in M group. Akkermansia, Akkermansia muciniphila, and Lactobacillus intestinalis increased significantly in HD group, which were functionally related to the significant increase of Lachnoclostridium, Faecalibaculum, and Lactobacillus reuteri in W group, which were all probiotics producing butyric acid, lactic acid, and regulating inflammation and other antihypertensive related factors. HD also changed the serum metabolic pattern of SHRs. 16 potential biomarkers related to inflammation, vasodilation, steroid hormones, oxidative stress, and etc. changed significantly, mainly enriched in arachidonic acid metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, and glutathione metabolism. The correlation analysis demonstrated that the dominant genius and species in three groups were highly correlated with steroid hormone biosynthesis, arachidonic acid metabolism, tryptophan metabolism, and vitamin B6 metabolism. Our research indicated that HD had a good antihypertensive effect, which may be driven by the protective intestinal flora and beneficial metabolites induced by it, and the metabolites were closely related to the changes of intestinal flora. It provided new insights for the antihypertensive mechanism of HD.

20.
Mol Biol Rep ; 46(3): 3233-3246, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30945068

RESUMO

The sustained activation of Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces the remodelling of neurovascular units, inflammation and oxidative stress reactions in the brain. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a crucial regulatory role in the pathogenesis of hypertensive neuronal damage. The present study aimed to substantially extend the list of potential candidate genes involved in Ang II-related neuronal damage. This study assessed apoptosis and energy metabolism with Annexin V/PI staining and a Seahorse assay after Ang II exposure in SH-SY5Y cells. The expression of mRNA and lncRNA was investigated by transcriptome sequencing. The integrated analysis of mRNA and lncRNAs and the molecular mechanism of Ang II on neuronal injury was analysed by bioinformatics. Ang II increased the apoptosis rate and reduced the energy metabolism of SH-SY5Y cells. The data showed that 702 mRNAs and 821 lncRNAs were differentially expressed in response to Ang II exposure (244 mRNAs and 432 lncRNAs were upregulated, 458 mRNAs and 389 lncRNAs were downregulated) (fold change ≥ 1.5, P < 0.05). GO and KEGG analyses showed that both DE mRNA and DE lncRNA were enriched in the metabolism, differentiation, apoptosis and repair of nerve cells. This is the first report of the lncRNA-mRNA integrated profile of SH-SY5Y cells induced by Ang II. The novel targets revealed that the metabolism of the vitamin B group, the synthesis of unsaturated fatty acids and glycosphingolipids are involved in the Ang II-related cognitive impairment. Sphingolipid metabolism, the Hedgehog signalling pathway and vasopressin-regulated water reabsorption play important roles in nerve damage.


Assuntos
Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Hipertensão/genética , Neurônios/metabolismo , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular , Biologia Computacional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Transcriptoma/genética
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