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1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 9871, 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555317

RESUMO

Liver cancer is a disease with high mortality; it is often diagnosed at intermediate and advanced stages and has a high recurrence rate. ROS restriction and adequate energy supply play significant roles in liver cancer. SLC25A11, a member of the malate-aspartate shuttle (MAS), regulates electroneutral exchange between 2-oxoglutarate and other dicarboxylates. It transports glutathione (GSH) from the cytoplasm into mitochondria to maintain GSH levels to limit ROS production. Moreover, SLC25A11 is essential for ATP generation in cancers as it regulates NADH transportation from the cytoplasm to mitochondria. The purpose of this research was to investigate the prognostic value of SLC25A11 in liver cancer. The Cancer Genome Atlas database was used to analyze the levels of SLC25A11 in liver cancer. Fisher's exact and chi-square tests were used to evaluate the relationship between SLC25A11 expression and clinical characteristics. Finally, we explored the value of SLC25A11 in prognosis by Cox analysis and Kaplan-Meier curves. Our results revealed that SLC25A11 was downregulated in liver cancer compared to normal controls. Low expression of SLC25A11 was associated with clinical stage, vital status, histologic grade, overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS). Liver cancer patients with low SLC25A11 expression had shorter OS and RFS than patients with high SLC25A11 expression. Multivariate analysis showed that the expression of SLC25A11 was an independent predictor of RFS and OS. In conclusion, this study identified that SLC25A11 serves as a new prognostic marker for liver cancer.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(23): e20050, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501967

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL) is a very rare form of lymphoma in the gastrointestinal tract. The proximal jejunum and ileum are the most common sites of EATL, whereas EATL rarely arises in the duodenum, and EATL involving metastasis of the bilateral ovaries is even rarer. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 43-year-old female suffered from upper abdominal pain and weight loss for 3 months. DIAGNOSIS: Type II EATL. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was initially treated with chemotherapies, including 4 cycles of the CHOP-E and 2 cycles of the DHAP+ chidamide chemotherapy regimens. However, the patient did not respond well to chemotherapy. Surgical treatment of the duodenal obstruction, with perforation of small intestine and the duodenum, was performed successively. OUTCOMES: The patient died of septic shock only 1 day after the surgery for the second perforation. Her overall survival was 11 months from the time of initial diagnosis. CONCLUSION: This case suggests that EALT is highly invasive and its clinical course is very aggressive. Intestinal perforation, intestinal obstruction, or involvement of extraintestinal organs may occur in EALT patients. Additionally, EALT patients respond poorly to chemotherapy and have an extremely unfavorable prognosis.


Assuntos
Duodenopatias/patologia , Linfoma de Células T Associado a Enteropatia/patologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/complicações , Perfuração Intestinal/etiologia , Perfuração Intestinal/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/secundário
3.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 132, 2020 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32552838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with locally advanced colon cancer (LACC) treated with surgery had a high risk of local recurrence. The outcomes can vary significantly among patients with pT3 disease. This study was undertaken to assess whether low-kilovolt (kV) x-ray intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) can achieve promising results compared with electron beam IORT (IOERT) and whether specific subgroups of patients with pT3 colon cancer may benefit from low-kV x-ray IORT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 44 patients with pT3 LACC treated with low-kV x-ray IORT. Clinicopathologic characteristics were analyzed to identify patients that could potentially benefit from low-kV x-ray IORT. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to assess overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Correlation analysis was used to discover the association of multiple factors to the results of treatment represented by the values of OS and PFS. RESULTS: The median follow-up of patients was 20.5 months (range, 6.1-38.8 months). At the time of analysis, 38 (86%) were alive and 6 (14%) had died of their disease. The 3-year Kaplan-Meier of PFS and OS for the entire cohort was 82.8% and 82.1%, respectively. At median follow-up, no in-field failure within the low-kV x-ray IORT field had occurred. Locoregional and distant failure had occurred in 2 (5%) patients each. The rate of perioperative 30-day mortality was 0%, and the morbidity rate was 11%. Five patients experienced 7 complications, including 4 early complications (30 days) and three late complications (> 30 days) leading early and late morbidity rates of 9% and 7%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Patients with LACC who had undergone an additional low-kV x-ray IORT can achieve encouraging locoregional control, PFS, OS, and distant control without an increase in short-term or long-term complications. Low-kV x-ray IORT can be considered as part of management in pT3 LACC.

4.
Bioresour Technol ; 310: 123463, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387978

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of operational temperature on cathodic performances of five bioelectrochemical reactors operated in parallel at 25-7 °C, and on the biofilm microbial community at the end of tests. Compared with the anodic biofilm, the cathodic biofilm has high stability subjected to temperature shift in the aspect of cathode potentials, redox activities, and internal resistances. The maximum power density was reduced linearly with temperature at a rate of 1.1 W/m3 °C. The bacterial community at 7 °C cathodic biofilm was dominated by four phyla including Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes with percentages of 81.7%, 8.9%, 3.3% and 1.3%, and the predominant genera were affiliated with Azoarcus sp. (56.45%), Acidovorax sp. (7.32%), Rhodococcus sp. (5.02%), Halomonas sp. (2.6%). The most vigorous metabolism of cathodic biofilm at low temperature was proposed to be biosynthesis and energy generation. The cathodic biofilm has resilient microbial community to temperature challenges.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Bactérias , Biofilmes , Eletrodos , Temperatura
5.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 9519235, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32420386

RESUMO

Liver cancer is a devastating disease for humans with poor prognosis. Although the survival rate of patients with liver cancer has improved in the past decades, the recurrence and metastasis of liver cancer are still obstacles for us. Inositol polyphosphate-5-phosphatase K (INPP5K) belongs to the family of phosphoinositide 5-phosphatases (PI 5-phosphatases), which have been reported to be associated with cell migration, polarity, adhesion, and cell invasion, especially in cancers. However, there have been few studies on the correlation of INPP5K and liver cancer. In this study, we explored the prognostic significance of INPP5K in liver cancer through bioinformatics analysis of data collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Chi-square and Fisher exact tests were used to evaluate the relationship between INPP5K expression and clinical characteristics. Our results showed that low INPP5K expression was correlated with poor outcomes in liver cancer patients. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses demonstrated that low INPP5K mRNA expression played a significant role in shortening overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS), which might serve as the useful biomarker and prognostic factor for liver cancer. In conclusion, low INPP5K mRNA expression is an independent risk factor for poor prognosis in liver cancer.

6.
Math Biosci Eng ; 17(3): 2310-2329, 2020 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233537

RESUMO

Diabetes mellituse has been one of the major diseases in the world due to the high percentage of diabetics in the global population and the increasing growth rate of its onset. Identifying individual physiological characteristics, e.g., insulin sensitivity and glucose effectiveness and others, is extremely important in developing effective drugs and investigating genetic pathways causing the defects in these physiological responses. Intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) is such a protocol to determine an individual insulin sensitivity and glucose effectiveness indices. In this paper, we propose a stochastic delay differential equation model for the IVGTT protocol attempting to develop a method to increase the accuracy of parameter estimation. We first study the existence and uniqueness of the global positive solution and its asymptotic behavior of the stochastic path close to the steady state of the corresponding deterministic model. Then we develop a maximum likelihood estimation method to estimate the parameters involved in the proposed model. Our simulation studies numerically confirm our theoretical findings and demonstrate that the proposed model with estimated parameters can improve the fitness of clinical data.

7.
Oncol Lett ; 19(4): 2773-2784, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218830

RESUMO

Ubiquitin-like modifier-activating enzyme 7 (UBA7) is a specific E1-like ubiquitin-activating enzyme involved in interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) conjugation. UBA7 expression has been reported to be notably decreased in lung cancer. The present study aimed to investigate the changes in UBA7 expression in breast cancer and the association between UBA7 expression and clinical characteristics, and to elucidate the diagnostic and prognostic significance of UBA7 in breast cancer. The clinical data and RNA-sequencing expression values of 1,104 patients with breast cancer were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. The associations between UBA7 expression and clinical characteristics were determined using χ2 and Fisher's exact tests. UBA7 expression values were divided into low and high groups using the optimal cut-off value, as determined by the overall survival (OS) value identified via a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, to further study the association between UBA7 expression and clinical characteristics. The diagnostic capability of UBA7 was assessed via ROC analysis, and Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the prognostic value of UBA7. The results demonstrated that UBA7 expression was decreased in breast cancer, and significant differences were observed between groups with regards to vital status, tumor classification, metastasis classification, histological type, sex, molecular subtype, and expression levels of progesterone receptor, estrogen receptor (ER) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. Low and high UBA7 expression levels were associated with age, ER expression, menopause status, Tumor-Node-Metastasis classification stage, margin status, vital status, radiation therapy use, OS and relapse-free survival. Furthermore, patients with low UBA7 expression levels had a poor prognosis. UBA7 expression also demonstrated an ability to diagnose patients at all clinical stages. Taken together, the results indicated that UBA7 expression was significantly decreased in breast cancer, and was associated with clinical characteristics and prognosis. Thus, UBA7 can be deemed as a potential biomarker in breast cancer, and may serve as a target in treatment.

8.
Microbiol Immunol ; 64(6): 458-468, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221997

RESUMO

HIV replication can be inhibited by CXCR5+ CD8 T cells (follicular cytotoxic T cell [TFC]) which transfer into B-cell follicles where latent HIV infection persists. However, how cytokines affect TFC remain unclear. Understanding which cytokines show the ability to affect TFC could be a key strategy toward curing HIV. Similar mechanisms could be used for the growth and transfer of TFCs and follicular helper T (TFH) cells; as a result, we hypothesized that cytokines IL-6, IL-21, and transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß), which are necessary for the differentiation of TFH cells, could also dictate the development of TFCs. In this work, lymph node mononuclear cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from HIV-infected individuals were cocultured with IL-6, IL-21, and TGF-ß. We then carried out T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire analysis to compare the differences between CXCR5- and CXCR5+ CD8 T cells. Our results showed that the percentage and function of TFC can be enhanced by stimulation with TGF-ß. Besides, TGF-ß stimulation enhanced the diversity of TCR and complementarity-determining region 3 sequences. HIV DNA showed a negative correlation with TFC. The use of TGF-ß to promote the expression of CXCR5+ CD8 T cells could become a new treatment approach for curing HIV.

9.
Biomater Sci ; 8(8): 2308-2317, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186291

RESUMO

Overlapping substrate specificities within the family of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), usually caused by their highly conserved structural topology, increase the potential for a substrate to be cleaved by multiple enzymes within this family, which leads to the decrease in the selectivity of MMP substrate-based probes. To resolve this issue, MT1-MMP activatable fluorogenic probes for tumor detection with enhanced specificity were developed by combining a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) peptide substrate and its specific binding peptide with different lengths of linkers. The specificity of the probes increased profiting from the high affinity of the MT1-MMP specific binding peptide while keeping the ability to amplify the output imaging signals in response to MMP activity with the FRET substrate. Enzyme kinetics analysis clearly demonstrated that the conjugation of P-1 and MT1-AF7p enhanced both the specificity and selectivity of the fluorogenic probes for MT1-MMP, and introducing a linker composed of 12 PEG subunits into these two fragments led to optimized specificity and selectivity of the fluorogenic probe for MT1-MMP. Both in vitro and in vivo results revealed that the imaging probe with the linker composed of 12 PEG subunits based on our designed strategy could be effectively applied for MT1-MMP positive tumor imaging. Since this strategy for enhancing the specificity of protease sensing probes can be applied to other proteases and is not just limited to MT1-MMP, it is an appealing platform to achieve selective tumor imaging.

10.
Int J Mol Med ; 45(4): 1037-1046, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124943

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common female malignant tumor worldwide. The mechanism of tumorigenesis is still unclear. Ras­related proteins in brain (Rab)22a belongs to the Ras superfamily, which may act as an oncogene and participate in carcinogenesis. The present study aims to identify whether Rab22a could be a novel biomarker of prognosis and determine the effects of Rab22a on BC cell progression. A total 258 BC and 56 para­tumor or non­tumor formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissues were stained through immunohistochemistry. The association between Rab22a expression and clinicopathological features, as well as overall survival status were analyzed. The expression level of Rab22a in breast cell lines were detected using reverse transcription­quantitative PCR and western blotting. SK­BR­3 cells were infected with Rab22a short hairpin RNA lenti­virus and the ability of cell proliferation, migration and invasion were measured. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) was employed to analyze the pathways involved in the Rab22a mRNA high level group. Rab22a was found to be overexpressed in BC tissues and upregulated in BC cells. High expression of Rab22a was related to a poor prognosis of patients with BC. Knockdown of Rab22a decreased the proliferation, migration and invasion ability of BC cells. GSEA indicated that certain pathways, including mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 and protein secretion were upregulated, while pathways, such as hypoxia and KRas were downregulated in the Rab22a high level group. Rab22a is of prognostic value for BC and necessary for BC cell proliferation.

11.
Cell Mol Immunol ; 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32210395

RESUMO

The viral reservoir is the major hurdle in developing and establishing an HIV cure. Understanding factors affecting the size and decay of this reservoir is crucial for the development of therapeutic strategies. Recent work highlighted that CD8+ T cells are involved in the control of viral replication in ART-treated HIV-1-infected individuals, but how CD8+ T cells sense and restrict the HIV reservoir are not fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that a population of unconventional CD45RA+, PanKIR+, and/or NKG2A+ virtual memory CD8+ T cells (TVM cells), which confer rapid and robust protective immunity against pathogens, plays an important role in restraining the HIV DNA reservoir in HIV-1-infected patients with effective ART. In patients undergoing ART, TVM cells negatively correlate with HIV DNA and positively correlate with circulating IFN-α2 and IL-15. Moreover, TVM cells constitutively express high levels of cytotoxic granule components, including granzyme B, perforin and granulysin, and demonstrate the capability to control HIV replication through both cytolytic and noncytolytic mechanisms. Furthermore, by using an ex vivo system, we showed that HIV reactivation is effectively suppressed by TVM cells through KIR-mediated recognition. This study suggests that TVM cells are a promising target to predict posttreatment virological control and to design immune-based interventions to reduce the reservoir size in ART-treated HIV-1-infected individuals.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196867

RESUMO

Single-atom catalysts (SACs) have great potential in electrocatalysis. Their performance can be rationally optimized by tailoring the metal atoms, adjacent coordinative dopants, and metal loading. However, doing so is still a great challenge because of the limited synthesis approach and insufficient understanding of the structure-property relationships. Herein, we report a new kind of Mo SAC with a unique O,S coordination and a high metal loading over 10 wt %. The isolation and local environment was identified by high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy and extended X-ray absorption fine structure. The SACs catalyze the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) via a 2 e- pathway with a high H2 O2 selectivity of over 95 % in 0.10 m KOH. The critical role of the Mo single atoms and the coordination structure was revealed by both electrochemical tests and theoretical calculations.

13.
Adv Mater ; : e1907557, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058658

RESUMO

Confinement of polysulfides in sulfur cathodes is pivotal for eliminating the "shuttle effect" in metal-sulfur batteries, which represent promising solutions for large-scale and sustainable energy storage. However, mechanistic exploration and in-depth understanding for the confinement of polysulfides remain limited. Consequently, it is a critical challenge to achieve highly stable metal-sulfur batteries. Here, based on a 2D metal-organic framework (2D MOF), a new mechanism to realize effective confinement of polysulfides is proposed. A combination of in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction, electrochemical measurements, and theoretical computations reveal that the dynamic electron states of the Ni centers in the 2D MOF enable the interaction between polysulfides and the MOF in the discharge/charge process to be tuned, resulting in both strong adsorption and fast conversion kinetics of polysulfides. The resultant room-temperature sodium-sulfur batteries are amongst the most stable reported so far, thus demonstrating that the new mechanism opens a promising avenue for the development of high-performance metal-sulfur batteries.

14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18666, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000373

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality among gynecological cancers. Although ovarian cancer usually responds well to chemotherapy, most patients still have a poor prognosis. EIF2B5 is a crucial molecule in posttranscriptional modifications involved in tumor progression, and here we investigated the prognostic role of EIF2B5 in ovarian cancer. We examined the differential expression of EIF2B5 mRNA in ovarian cancer by exploring The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The chi square test was used to identify a clinical correlation. Survival analysis and Cox regression model were performed to determine the association between EIF2B5 expression and overall survival (OS) in ovarian cancer patients. As a result, Low EIF2B5 expression was found in ovarian cancer tissues and correlated with survival status. Survival analysis showed that ovarian cancer patients with low EIF2B5 expression had a short OS. Moreover, Cox regression analysis indicated that low EIF2B5 expression was an independent risk factor for a poor prognosis in ovarian cancer. Additionally, according to gene set enrichment analysis, mesenchymal transition, angiogenesis, coagulation, and bile acid metabolism were differentially enriched in ovarian cancer with high EIF2B5 expression. In conclusion, Low EIF2B5 expression is an independent risk factor for a poor prognosis in ovarian cancer patients.


Assuntos
Fator de Iniciação 2B em Eucariotos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Prognóstico
15.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 14, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31948420

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An intro-abdominal hernia through the lesser omentum is a rare but severe condition that can cause intestinal obstruction and other life-threating complications. Until now, only a handful of cases have been reported worldwide. The diagnosis of lesser omental hernia remains challenging for emergency surgeons because of the unspecific symptoms. Therefore, there is a need for a better understanding of the characteristics of this condition. CASE PRESENTATION: In this report, we described the case of a 73-year-old female patient who was diagnosed with a lesser omental hernia caused by previous total colectomy. The patient underwent emergency surgery, and the intraoperative findings revealed a 200-cm segment of the small intestine was herniated through a defected lesser omentum (approximately 3 × 4 cm) from the lesser retrogastric curvature of the stomach. Besides, we summarize the specific abdominal computed tomography (CT) findings of lesser omental hernia by reviewing the literature. CONCLUSION: The lesser omental hernia is extremely rare but can cause serious complications. The cause of lesser omental hernia can be congenital or acquired. Careful examination of the small omentum before the closure of the abdomen is expected to reduce the occurrence of these abdominal surgery-associated complications. The specific features of abdominal CT in cases of lesser omental hernia, which are summarized in this article, can help other clinicians to obtain accurate diagnoses of lesser omentum hernia in the future.


Assuntos
Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Hérnia/etiologia , Omento/patologia , Idoso , Emergências , Feminino , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Intestino Delgado/cirurgia , Omento/cirurgia , Doenças Peritoneais/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
16.
Rev. esp. enferm. dig ; 112(1): 27-33, ene. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-FGT-3989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: liver cancer is a malignant tumor with a high morbidity and mortality that endangers human health. High mobility group A2 (HMGA2) is a chromosome associated protein that participates in embryogenesis, tissue development, tumorigenesis and development. OBJECTIVE: to explore the relationship between HMGA2 expression and the clinicopathological parameters and survival of liver cancer patients using The Cancer Genome Atlas Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) data. METHODS: RNA-sequencing data and the corresponding clinical characteristics of the patients were downloaded from the Atlas database. The Chi-squared test was used to assess the relationship between HMGA2 expression and clinical variables. Cox regression analysis was used to compare survival rates between the high- and low-expressing groups; the p-values and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were compared using the log-rank test. RESULTS: RNA-seq data from 373 cases of liver cancer cases were analyzed. HMGA2 was overexpressed in liver cancer and significantly associated with gender (p = 0.0357), T classification (p = 0.0063), clinical classification (p = 0.0026) and overall survival (p = 0.0386). According to the multivariate analysis, HMGA2 could independently predict overall survival in liver cancer. CONCLUSIONS: HMGA2 independently predicts poor prognosis in liver cancer and serves as a molecular marker to determine disease prognosis


No disponible

17.
Biosci Rep ; 40(1)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECT: Emerging evidence shows that non-coding RNA functions as new gene regulators and prognostic markers in several cancers, including liver cancer. Here, we focused on the small nucleolar RNA host gene 4 (SNHG4) in liver cancer prognosis based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data. METHODS: The expression data and clinical information were downloaded from TCGA. Chi-square tests evaluated the correlation between SNHG4 expression and clinical parameters. Differences in survival between high and low expression groups (optic cutoff value determined by ROC) from Cox regression analysis were compared, and P-value was calculated by a log-rank test. Kaplan-Meier curves were compared with the log-rank test. GSEA and ceRNA network were conducted to explore the potential mechanism. RESULTS: Data mining of lncRNA expression data for 371 patients with primary tumor revealed overexpression of SNHG4 in liver cancer. High SNHG4 expression was correlated with histological type (P = 0.01), histologic grade (P = 0.001), stage (P = 0.01), T classification (P = 0.004) and survival status (P = 0.013). Patients with high SNHG4 expression had poor overall survival and relapse-free survival compared with those with low SNHG4 expression. Multivariate analysis identified SNHG4 as an independent prognostic factor of poor survival in liver cancer. GSEA revealed related signaling pathway and ceRNA network explored the further mechanism. CONCLUSION: High SNHG4 expression is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in liver cancer.

18.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(4): 2012-2022, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898901

RESUMO

Lean-electrolyte conditions are highly pursued for practical lithium (Li) metal batteries. The previous studies on the Li metal anodes, in general, exhibited good stability with a large excess of electrolyte. However, the targeted design of Li hosts under relatively low electrolyte conditions has been rarely studied so far. Herein, we have shown that electrolyte consumption severely affects the cycling stability of Li metal anode. Considering carbon hosts as typical examples, we innovatively employed in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction, in situ Raman spectroscopy, and theoretical computations to obtain a better understanding of the Li nucleation/deposition processes. We also showed the usefulness of in situ electrochemical impedance spectra to analyze interfacial fluctuation at the Li/electrolyte interface, together with nuclear magnetic resonance data to quantify electrolyte consumption. We have found that uneven Li nucleation/deposition and the crack of surface-area-derived solid-electrolyte interface (SEI) layer both lead to a great consumption of electrolyte. Then, we suggested a design principle for Li host to overcome the electrolyte loss, that is, uneven growth of the Li structure and the crack of the SEI layer must be simultaneously controlled. As a proof of concept, we demonstrated the usefulness of a 3D low-surface-area defective graphene host (L-DG) to control Li nucleation/deposition and stabilize the SEI layer, contributing to a highly reversible Li plating/stripping. As a result, such a Li host can achieve stable cycles (e.g., 1.0 mAh cm-2) with a low electrolyte loading (10 µL). This work demonstrates the necessity to design Li metal anodes under lean-electrolyte conditions and brings Li metal batteries a step closer to their practical applications.

19.
AIDS ; 34(2): 189-195, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634199

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: CD4CD19 conjugates play an important role in regulating antibody responses and follicular helper T cells development in animal models. However, little is known regarding the characteristic of CD4CD19 conjugates in humans with chronic HIV-1 infection. METHODS: The numbers of CD4CD19 conjugates were counted in 86 HIV-1-infected patients, including 66 typical progressors and 20 complete responders. CD4CD19 conjugates were sorted by flow cytometry and dissociated into CD4 T singlets and CD19 B singlets. The phenotypes of these cells were analyzed in both typical progressors and complete responders, and the levels of HIV-1 DNA in CD4CD19 conjugates were measured in 10 complete responders. RESULTS: We identified CD4CD19 cells as one type of T-B conjugate in peripheral blood, and the numbers and percentages of CD4CD19 conjugates decreased with HIV-1 disease progression. Phenotypic analysis showed CD4CD19 conjugates expressed higher levels of surface CD32. mRNA analysis found that the mRNA levels for CD32b were significantly higher compared with CD32a in CD4CD19 conjugates. Further analysis found that CD4CD19 conjugates expressed higher levels of CCR7 and CXCR5 than CD4 T and CD19 B singlets. A virus infectivity assay showed that CD4CD19 conjugates expressed higher levels of HIV-1-p24 than CD4CD19 cells. CD4CD19 conjugates in lymph node from typical progressors expressed higher levels of HIV-1-p24 than CD4CD19 conjugates in respective peripheral blood. Importantly, CD4CD19 conjugates from complete responders contained higher levels of HIV-1 DNA than total CD4 T cells. CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that CD4CD19 conjugates actively participate in HIV-1 infection and latency, and may serve as a new cellular target to eliminate latency.

20.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig ; 112(1): 27-33, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: liver cancer is a malignant tumor with a high morbidity and mortality that endangers human health. High mobility group A2 (HMGA2) is a chromosome associated protein that participates in embryogenesis, tissue development, tumorigenesis and development. OBJECTIVE: to explore the relationship between HMGA2 expression and the clinicopathological parameters and survival of liver cancer patients using The Cancer Genome Atlas Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) data. METHODS: RNA-sequencing data and the corresponding clinical characteristics of the patients were downloaded from the Atlas database. The Chi-squared test was used to assess the relationship between HMGA2 expression and clinical variables. Cox regression analysis was used to compare survival rates between the high- and low-expressing groups; the p-values and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were compared using the log-rank test. RESULTS: RNA-seq data from 373 cases of liver cancer cases were analyzed. HMGA2 was overexpressed in liver cancer and significantly associated with gender (p = 0.0357), T classification (p = 0.0063), clinical classification (p = 0.0026) and overall survival (p = 0.0386). According to the multivariate analysis, HMGA2 could independently predict overall survival in liver cancer. CONCLUSIONS: HMGA2 independently predicts poor prognosis in liver cancer and serves as a molecular marker to determine disease prognosis.

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