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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21622, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898997

RESUMO

The objective of the study was to characterize self-reported oral hygiene practices among Mexican older adults aged ≥60 years, and to measure the association between frequency of tooth brushing and a set of sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and dental variables.We conducted a cross-sectional study of 139 older adults aged ≥60 years in Pachuca, Mexico. A questionnaire and a clinical dental examination were administered to identify specific variables. We determined frequency of tooth brushing (or cleaning of dentures or prostheses) and use of toothpaste, mouthwash, and dental floss among respondents. Non-parametric testing was performed for statistical analysis and a multivariate logistic regression model was generated with Stata 11 software to determine frequency of tooth brushing.In our study sample, 53.2% of participants reported brushing their teeth at least once a day, 50.4% always using toothpaste, 16.5% using mouthwash and 3.6% using floss for their oral hygiene. In general, younger and female respondents used oral hygiene aids more than the others. Our multivariate model yielded an association (P < .05) between tooth brushing at least once daily and the following variables: having functional dentition (OR = 12.60), lacking health insurance (OR = 3.72), being retired/pensioned (OR = 4.50), and suffering from a chronic disease (OR = 0.43).The older adults in our sample exhibited deficient oral hygiene behaviors. The results suggest certain socioeconomic inequalities in oral health. The findings of this study should be considered when designing dental care instructions for older adults.


Assuntos
Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Dispositivos para o Cuidado Bucal Domiciliar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antissépticos Bucais/administração & dosagem , Autorrelato , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Cremes Dentais/administração & dosagem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(22): e10887, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29851810

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to compare the differences between the measurements performed manually to those obtained using a digital model scanner of patients with orthodontic treatment.A cross-sectional study was performed in a sample of 30 study models from patients with permanent dentition who attended a university clinic between January 2010 and December 2015. For the digital measurement, a Maestro 3D Ortho Studio scanner (Italy) was used and Mitutoyo electronic Vernier calipers (Kawasaki, Japan) were used for manual measurement. The outcome variables were the measurements for maxillary intercanine width, mandibular intercanine width, maxillary intermolar width, mandibular intermolar width, overjet, overbite, maxillary arch perimeter, mandibular arch perimeter, and palate height. The independent variables, besides age and sex, were a series of arc characteristics. The Student t test, paired Student t test, and Pearson correlation in SPSS version 19 were used for the analysis.Of the models, 60% were from women. Two of nine measurements for pre-treatment and 6 of 9 measurements for post-treatment showed a difference. The variables that were different between the manual and digital measurements in the pre-treatment were maxillary intermolar width and palate height (P < .05). Post-treatment, differences were found in mandibular intercanine width, palate height, overjet, overbite, and maxillary and mandibular arch perimeter (P < .05).The models measured manually and digitally showed certain similarities for both vertical and transverse measurements. There are many advantages offered to the orthodontist, such as easy storage; savings in time and space; facilitating the reproducibility of information; and conferring the security of not deteriorating over time. Its main disadvantage is the cost.


Assuntos
Pesos e Medidas Corporais/métodos , Arco Dental/anatomia & histologia , Odontometria/métodos , Ortodontia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/anatomia & histologia , Maxila/anatomia & histologia , México , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Adulto Jovem
3.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 54(3): 0-0, jul.-set. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | CUMED | ID: cum-72137

RESUMO

Introducción: la hipoacusia es la disminución de la agudeza auditiva o de la capacidad para captar el sonido; esta puede ser neurosensorial, conductiva o mixta. La hipoacusia neurosensorial resulta de alteraciones en el oído interno, nervio auditivo o en los núcleos auditivos del tronco cerebral. El manejo de estos pacientes requiere disposición, conocimientos y calidez para el correcto desarrollo de la atención estomatológica. Objetivo: reportar el manejo odontológico de un paciente con hipoacusia neurosensorial profunda bilateral. Presentación del caso: paciente femenino de 7 años y 10 meses de edad con diagnóstico de hipoacusia neurosensorial profunda bilateral, quien acude a consulta por presentar dolor. A la inspección física, paciente mesofacial, perfil convexo. Intraoralmente se observan tejidos blandos clínicamente sanos, alteraciones de número y posición, caries moderada e higiene deficiente. Durante la inspección clínica la paciente se mostró poco cooperadora (Frankl II). El plan de tratamiento consistió en prevención, operatoria, ortopedia y cirugía. Para el manejo del paciente se incluyó un lenguaje de señas básico con uso de careta y sin cubreboca, modelado con otros pacientes. Se modificó la técnica decir, mostrar y hacer por mostrar/oler, tocar y hacer. Conclusiones: el odontopediatra debe tener las competencias necesarias para la atención integral de pacientes con capacidades diferentes. El manejo de la conducta y el cuidado multidisciplinario del paciente en edades tempranas es fundamental para el éxito del tratamiento. En el caso clínico que se presenta se resalta la efectividad del manejo conductual modificado, lo cual incrementó la posibilidad de éxito de la rehabilitación dental del paciente, así como de su seguimiento(AU)


Introduction: hearing loss is reduced auditory acuity or a decrease in the ability to perceive sound. It may be sensorineural, conductive or mixed. Sensorineural hearing loss results from alterations in the inner ear, the auditory nerve or the auditory brainstem nuclei. Dental management of these patients requires willingness, knowledge and warmth on the part of the dental practitioner. Objective: report the dental management of a patient with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss. Case presentation: a female patient aged 7 years and 10 months diagnosed with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss attends consultation for dental pain. At physical inspection, it is observed that the patient is mesofacial with a convex profile. Intraoral examination found clinically healthy soft tissue, tooth alterations in number and position, moderate decay and poor hygiene. During clinical inspection, the patient was uncooperative (Frankl II). Treatment consisted in prevention, restoration, orthopedics and surgery. Management of the patient included use of basic sign language and a mask without the practitioner wearing a facemask, and modeling with other patients. The technique of say, show and do was replaced by show / smell, touch and do. Conclusions: pediatric dentists should have the skills required for the comprehensive care of patients with different capabilities. Behavior management and multidisciplinary care of very young patients is essential for a successful treatment. The clinical case herein presented highlights the effectiveness of modified behavior management, which increased the chances of success in the patient's dental rehabilitation and follow-up(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências/métodos , Placa Dentária/terapia , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/diagnóstico , Assistência Integral à Saúde/métodos , Higiene Bucal/normas
4.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 54(3): 0-0, jul.-set. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-901050

RESUMO

Introducción: la hipoacusia es la disminución de la agudeza auditiva o de la capacidad para captar el sonido; esta puede ser neurosensorial, conductiva o mixta. La hipoacusia neurosensorial resulta de alteraciones en el oído interno, nervio auditivo o en los núcleos auditivos del tronco cerebral. El manejo de estos pacientes requiere disposición, conocimientos y calidez para el correcto desarrollo de la atención estomatológica. Objetivo: reportar el manejo odontológico de un paciente con hipoacusia neurosensorial profunda bilateral. Presentación del caso: paciente femenino de 7 años y 10 meses de edad con diagnóstico de hipoacusia neurosensorial profunda bilateral, quien acude a consulta por presentar dolor. A la inspección física, paciente mesofacial, perfil convexo. Intraoralmente se observan tejidos blandos clínicamente sanos, alteraciones de número y posición, caries moderada e higiene deficiente. Durante la inspección clínica la paciente se mostró poco cooperadora (Frankl II). El plan de tratamiento consistió en prevención, operatoria, ortopedia y cirugía. Para el manejo del paciente se incluyó un lenguaje de señas básico con uso de careta y sin cubreboca, modelado con otros pacientes. Se modificó la técnica decir, mostrar y hacer por mostrar/oler, tocar y hacer. Conclusiones: el odontopediatra debe tener las competencias necesarias para la atención integral de pacientes con capacidades diferentes. El manejo de la conducta y el cuidado multidisciplinario del paciente en edades tempranas es fundamental para el éxito del tratamiento. En el caso clínico que se presenta se resalta la efectividad del manejo conductual modificado, lo cual incrementó la posibilidad de éxito de la rehabilitación dental del paciente, así como de su seguimiento(AU)


Introduction: hearing loss is reduced auditory acuity or a decrease in the ability to perceive sound. It may be sensorineural, conductive or mixed. Sensorineural hearing loss results from alterations in the inner ear, the auditory nerve or the auditory brainstem nuclei. Dental management of these patients requires willingness, knowledge and warmth on the part of the dental practitioner. Objective: report the dental management of a patient with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss. Case presentation: a female patient aged 7 years and 10 months diagnosed with bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss attends consultation for dental pain. At physical inspection, it is observed that the patient is mesofacial with a convex profile. Intraoral examination found clinically healthy soft tissue, tooth alterations in number and position, moderate decay and poor hygiene. During clinical inspection, the patient was uncooperative (Frankl II). Treatment consisted in prevention, restoration, orthopedics and surgery. Management of the patient included use of basic sign language and a mask without the practitioner wearing a facemask, and modeling with other patients. The technique of say, show and do was replaced by show / smell, touch and do. Conclusions: pediatric dentists should have the skills required for the comprehensive care of patients with different capabilities. Behavior management and multidisciplinary care of very young patients is essential for a successful treatment. The clinical case herein presented highlights the effectiveness of modified behavior management, which increased the chances of success in the patient's dental rehabilitation and follow-up(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências/métodos , Placa Dentária/terapia , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/diagnóstico , Assistência Integral à Saúde/métodos , Higiene Bucal/normas
5.
Gac Med Mex ; 151(1): 27-33, 2015.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25739481

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and the existence of socioeconomic inequalities in dental health service utilization (DHSU) any time in the life of Mexican schoolchildren aged 6-12 years of Pachuca Hidalgo, Mexico. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study in 1,404 school children 6-12 years of age from 14 public schools in the city of Pachuca, Hidalgo, Mexico. Questionnaires were distributed to determine socioeconomic position variables (SEP). The dependent variable was DHSU once in life (0 = No, 1 = Yes). The analysis was performed in Stata 9 using chi-square tests. RESULTS: The mean age was 8.97 ± 1.99 years, 50.1% were boys. The prevalence of DHSU any time in life was 71.4%. The DHSU percentage increased according increasing age (p < 0.05). Significant differences (p < 0.05) in percentages of USSB through SEP variables: health insurance, car ownership in the home, dwelling and household characteristics, a better level of SEP increased prevalence of DHSU. Although in the mother's schooling no differences were observed (p > 0.05), father's schooling was associated (p < 0.05) inversely to expectations. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study demonstrate that the prevalence of DHSU was not 100%; 28.6% of children have never had contact with a dentist. We identified certain indicator variables of SEP associated with DHSU, indicating the existence of inequalities in this oral health indicator.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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