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1.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(5): 582-590, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A study was conducted to investigate the clinical effects of oral digital design on the aesthetic restoration of anterior teeth of cleft lip/palate patients. METHODS: Nine adult cleft lip/palate patients who need aesthetic restoration of anterior teeth were recruited. Digital information of patients' dental arches, the surrounding soft tissue and face were captured by digital camera and scanner. The aesthetic analysis and design were conducted using keynote and 3shape software and were demonstrated to the patients. The optimized treatment plan was ensured by communicating with the patients. Digital wax-up models were exported and printed into resin diagnostic models, which were then utilized in the treatment process to guide the doctors and the technicians in tooth preparation and in making the final restorations, respectively. The adhesive procedure was completed after satisfactory try-in. Aesthetics assessment was conducted in accordance with the anterior esthetic evaluation form. The scores of patient's satisfaction were recorded on a questionnaire containing six items of aesthetic index and doctor-patient communication. Patients were interviewed and examined after 1, 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively, and the clinical effects of restorations were evaluated. RESULTS: All nine patients had satisfactory clinical results. The aesthetic defects of the patients were effectively addressed. All treatments met the requirements of the preoperative digital designs. The patients' scores were all above 90 on the satisfaction scale. At 12 months after the operation, the clinical effects of restorations of all cases achieved A class in each evaluation indicator. CONCLUSIONS: For cleft lip/palate patients with esthetic defect in the anterior teeth, the digital design plays an important role in optimizing the treatment plan and guides the whole treatment process. This design can help clinicians achieve predictable satisfactory aesthetic results.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Dente , Adulto , Estética , Humanos
3.
Plant Dis ; 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491097

RESUMO

Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin Benth.) is a perennial herb native to South and South East Asia, which widely used as a traditional herbal medicine against indigestion, diarrhea, cold, fever, vomiting and headache in China (Swamy and Sinniah, 2015). In September 2020, a new basal stem and root rot disease of patchouli was observed in three cultivated fields of Zhanjiang City, Guangdong Province. Symptoms included sudden discoloration, chlorosis and wilting of the leaves and severe rot associated with external and internal browning at the basal part of stems and roots that results in the death of approximately 2 to 5% of plants in each field. To determine the causal agent, symptomatic roots with typical lesions were cut into small pieces, then surface sterilized in 2.5% NaClO for 1 min, rinsed three times in distilled water, and then inoculated on potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium. A fungus with same morphological characteristics was consistently isolated from disease tissue. The mycelia initially white to cream, later turning pale brown to black with age on PDA. To induce the sporulation, the isolated fungi were transferred to synthetic nutrient-poor agar (SNA) with autoclaved pine needles and ten pure cultures were obtained by single spores. Masses of black, hard and oblong microsclerotia (av. 171.2×136.5 µm, n=50) were observed on SNA. Conidia hyaline, ellipsoid to obovoid, smooth, enclosed in a mucous sheath, 15.9~32.5×7.7~11.9 µm (av. 23.9 × 9.6 µm, n=100). The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions as well as the partial translation elongation factor (EF-1α) and ß-tubulin (TUB) genes of two representative isolates GHX-1 and CHX-2 were sequenced, using primer pairs ITS1/ITS4 (White et al. 1990), EF-688F/EF-986R (Carbone and Kohn 1999), and Bt2a/Bt2b (Glass and Donaldson 1995), respectively. The obtained sequences were submitted to GenBank under the following accession numbers: ITS, MZ375360 and MZ375361; EF-1α, MZ393804 and MZ393805; and TUB, MZ393806 and MZ393807. BLASTn searches revealed that 100% identity with the existing sequences of ex-type culture CGMCC3.19503 of Macrophomina vaccinii (ITS, MK687450; EF-1α, MK687426; and TUB, MK687434), respectively. Phylogenetic analysis using Neighbour-Joining method in Mega7.0 with concatenated sequences of ITS, EF-1α and TUB showed that the isolates clustered in the clade of M. vaccinii with high bootstrap support values. Based on both of the morphological and molecular results, the isolates were identified as M. vaccinii (Zhao et al., 2019). To confirm the pathogenicity of the two isolates, 5-mm-diameter mycelial agar plus from the margins of 5-day-old PDA cultures were placed on the wounded basal stem of 2-month-old patchouli seedlings in each pot. Five separate pots were used for each isolate and plants inoculated with sterile agar plus were served as controls. All plants were covered with plastic bags to maintain 90% relative humidity and kept at 26°C with a photoperiod of 12 h in a greenhouse conditions. The patchouli plants developed similar necrotic symptoms on basal stem and root to those observed in the field after 3 weeks after inoculation, whereas the control plants were asymptomatic. M. vaccinii was reisolated from inoculated plants and identify by morphological and molecular characteristics, fulfill the Koch's postulates and identify. Recently, stem blight on blueberry caused by M. vaccinii was reported in China (Zhao et al. 2019). To our knowledge, this is the first report of M. vaccinii causing basal stem and root rot on patchouli in China and worldwide.

4.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-8, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477034

RESUMO

Acute myelomagakaryocytic leukemia is a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge owing to its heterogeneity and overlapping features with other types of acute leukemia. In order to build a diagnostic profile, we analyzed the biological, clinical and hematologic characteristics of acute myelomagakaryocytic leukemia. We found that, in three patients diagnosed with acute myelomagakaryocytic leukemia, there were two types of leukemia cells. One type was myeloblastic with positive peroxidase (POX) stainig and the expression of antigens CD13 and CD33. The other type was megakaryoblastic with negative POX staining and the expression of antigens CD36, CD41, CD42a and CD61. Three patients displayed the same cytogenetic abnormality, a (9: 22) translocation. Among the three patients with RT-PCR, two patients displayed BCR-ABL fusion gene amplification and one patient showed a previously undescribed OTT-MAL fusion gene amplification.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521263

RESUMO

Fluorescent probes and mass spectrometry are the two most popular and complementary methods to quantify thiols in biological systems. In this review, we focus on the widely used and commercially available methods to detect and quantify thiols in living cells and the general approaches applied in mass spectrometry-based thiol quantification. We hope this review can serve as a general guide for redox biologists who are interested in thiol species.

6.
Mol Med ; 27(1): 118, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to further explore the potential interaction between oxidative stress and autophagy in the progression of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and therapeutic mechanism of calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D (VitD). METHODS: Neuroprotective effects of calcitriol were examined following TBI. We further evaluated the impacts of TBI and calcitriol treatment on autophagic process and nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling. RESULTS: We found that treatment of calcitriol markedly ameliorated the neurological deficits and histopathological changes following TBI. The brain damage impaired autophagic flux and impeded Nrf2 signaling, the major regulator in antioxidant response, consequently leading to uncontrolled and excessive oxidative stress. Meanwhile, calcitriol promoted autophagic process and activated Nrf2 signaling as evidenced by the reduced Keap1 expression and enhanced Nrf2 translocation, thereby mitigating TBI-induced oxidative damage. In support, we further found that chloroquine (CQ) treatment abrogated calcitriol-induced autophagy and compromised Nrf2 activation with increased Keap1 accumulation and reduced expression of Nrf2-targeted genes. Additionally, both CQ treatment and Nrf2 genetic knockout abolished the protective effects of calcitriol against both TBI-induced neurological deficits and neuronal apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, our work demonstrated a neuroprotective role of calcitriol in TBI by triggering Nrf2 activation, which might be mediated by autophagy.

7.
J Physiol ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505639

RESUMO

The late gestational rise in glucocorticoids contributes to the structural and functional maturation of the perinatal heart. Here, we hypothesized that glucocorticoid action contributes to the metabolic switch in perinatal cardiomyocytes from carbohydrate to fatty acid oxidation. In primary mouse fetal cardiomyocytes, dexamethasone treatment induced expression of genes involved in fatty acid oxidation and increased mitochondrial oxidation of palmitate, dependent upon a glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Dexamethasone did not, however, induce mitophagy or alter the morphology of the mitochondrial network. In vivo, in neonatal mice, dexamethasone treatment induced cardiac expression of fatty acid oxidation genes. However, dexamethasone treatment of pregnant C57Bl/6 mice at embryonic day (E)13.5 or E16.5 failed to induce fatty acid oxidation genes in fetal hearts assessed 24 h later. Instead, at E17.5, fatty acid oxidation genes were downregulated by dexamethasone, as was GR itself. PGC-1α, required for glucocorticoid-induced maturation of primary mouse fetal cardiomyocytes in vitro, was also downregulated in fetal hearts at E17.5, 24 h after dexamethasone administration. Similarly, following a course of antenatal corticosteroids in a translational sheep model of preterm birth, both GR and PGC-1α were downregulated in heart. These data suggest that endogenous glucocorticoids support the perinatal switch to fatty acid oxidation in cardiomyocytes through changes in gene expression rather than gross changes in mitochondrial volume or mitochondrial turnover. Moreover, our data suggest that treatment with exogenous glucocorticoids may interfere with normal fetal heart maturation, possibly by downregulating GR. This has implications for clinical use of antenatal corticosteroids when preterm birth is considered a possibility. KEY POINTS: Glucocorticoids are steroid hormones that play a vital role in late pregnancy in maturing fetal organs, including the heart. In fetal cardiomyocytes in culture, glucocorticoids promote mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation, suggesting they facilitate the perinatal switch from carbohydrates to fatty acids as the predominant energy substrate. Administration of a synthetic glucocorticoid in late pregnancy in mice downregulates the glucocorticoid receptor and interferes with the normal increase in genes involved in fatty acid metabolism in the heart. In a sheep model of preterm birth, antenatal corticosteroids (synthetic glucocorticoid) downregulates the glucocorticoid receptor and the gene encoding PGC-1α, a master regulator of energy metabolism. These experiments suggest that administration of antenatal corticosteroids in anticipation of preterm delivery may interfere with fetal heart maturation by downregulating the ability to respond to glucocorticoids.

8.
Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol ; : 1-8, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a major clinical challenge with no specific therapeutic drugs available. It is crucial to develop new agents to improve the clinical outcome of patients with DILI. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of Hugan tablets in DILI patients using a nationwide database. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed the clinical data of DILI patients from a nationwide DILI database (www.hepatox.org). Patients who received oral Hugan tablets for DILI were defined as the Hugan group, and those who received no treatment for DILI were defined as the control group. RESULTS: There were 111 cases in the Hugan group and 512 cases in the control group. One-to-one propensity score matching created 111 matched pairs. The normalization rates of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase in the Hugan group were significantly higher than those in the control group (50.45% vs. 26.13%, p ≤ .0002 and 67.57% vs. 41.75%, p ≤ .0001). There were no differences in the incidence of renal function impairment or blood abnormality between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Hugan tablets are safe and effective in DILI treatment. Large-scale randomized controlled studies are needed to explore the effects of Hugan tablets on DILI induced by different offending drugs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study protocol was posted on ClinicalTrials.gov with NCT number: NCT02407964.

9.
Water Res ; 205: 117670, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583204

RESUMO

Our screening data revealed the threat macrolide antibiotics, especially azithromycin (AZN), posed to human health with its increasing occurrence in water environment. The electrochemical sensor based on molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) is a promising platform that caters for the next generation of intelligent wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) by virtue of its wide tolerance to water from all sources and in-situ monitoring. However, low initiation potentials of cross-linking monomers contributed by the electron-rich circumstance allowed them to usurp sites designed for functional monomers when electrically stimulated, leading to an unsatisfactory binding capacity. Another uncertainty is that multiple reaction sites of cross-linking monomers granted them complex polymerization routes and made it difficult to ensure the consistency of preparation. Serval monomers had been investigated with electrochemical tools and the performance of sensors constructed with these monomers were compared in this study. Based on the results, we proposed a protocol in which a novel functional monomer possessing a stronger electron-donating group, phenyl, was adopted to compete for the dominance in electropolymerization. Beyond that, the cross-linking monomer was modified with electron-withdrawing groups to raise its initiation potential. A monothiophene with a moderate initiation potential was also recruited as the linker to address the steric hindrance. In this way, polymerization proceeded in a specific order. It is worth mentioning that the Marangoni flow is an ideal tool to deal with the Coffee-ring deposition while drop-casting. The resulting sensor showed good performance with a limitation of detection (LOD) of 0.120 µM for AZN and a satisfactory selectivity, and the design can be applied to constructing sensors for a variety of macrolide antibiotics.

10.
Gene ; 808: 145973, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592350

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Abnormal expression of ionotropic glutamate receptor NMDA type subunit 1, the key subunit of the NMDA receptor, may be related to many neuropsychiatric disorders. In this study, we explored the functional sequence of the 5' regulatory region of the human GRIN1 gene and discussed the transcription factors that may regulate gene expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve recombinant pGL3 vectors with gradually truncated fragment lengths were constructed, transfected into HEK-293, U87, and SK-N-SH cell lines, and analyzed through the luciferase reporter gene assay. JASPAR database is used to predict transcription factors. RESULTS: In SK-N-SH and U87 cell lines, regions from -337 to -159 bp, -704 to -556 bp inhibited gene expression, while -556 to -337 bp upregulated gene expression. In HEK-293 and U87 cell lines, the expression of fragment -1703 to + 188 bp was significantly increased compared to adjacent fragments -1539 to + 188 bp and -1843 to + 188 bp. The protein expressions of fragments -2162 to + 188 bp and -2025 to + 188 bp, -1539 to + 188 bp and -1215 to + 188 bp, -1215 to + 188 bp and -1066 to + 188 bp were significantly different in HEK-293 and SK-N-SH cells. According to the predictions of the JASPAR database, the transcription factors REST, EGR1, and CREB1/HIC2 may bind the DNA sequences of GRIN1 gene from the -337 to -159, -556 to -337, and -704 to -556, respectively. In addition, zinc finger transcription factors may regulate the expression of other differentially expressed fragments. CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal transcription regulation in the proximal promoter region of GRIN1 (-704 to + 188 bp) may be involved in the course of neuropsychiatric diseases.

12.
Front Immunol ; 12: 702971, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531856

RESUMO

Polyploidy and subsequent diploidization provide genomic opportunities for evolutionary innovations and adaptation. The researches on duplicated gene evolutionary fates in recurrent polyploids have seriously lagged behind that in paleopolyploids with diploidized genomes. Moreover, the antiviral mechanisms of Viperin remain largely unclear in fish. Here, we elaborate the distinct antiviral mechanisms of two viperin homeologs (Cgviperin-A and Cgviperin-B) in auto-allo-hexaploid gibel carp (Carassius gibelio). First, Cgviperin-A and Cgviperin-B showed differential and biased expression patterns in gibel carp adult tissues. Subsequently, using co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) screening analysis, both CgViperin-A and CgViperin-B were found to interact with crucian carp (C. auratus) herpesvirus (CaHV) open reading frame 46 right (ORF46R) protein, a negative herpesvirus regulator of host interferon (IFN) production, and to promote the proteasomal degradation of ORF46R via decreasing K63-linked ubiquitination. Additionally, CgViperin-B also mediated ORF46R degradation through autophagosome pathway, which was absent in CgViperin-A. Moreover, we found that the N-terminal α-helix domain was necessary for the localization of CgViperin-A and CgViperin-B at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and the C-terminal domain of CgViperin-A and CgViperin-B was indispensable for the interaction with degradation of ORF46R. Therefore, the current findings clarify the divergent antiviral mechanisms of the duplicated viperin homeologs in a recurrent polyploid fish, which will shed light on the evolution of teleost duplicated genes.

13.
J Genet Genomics ; 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474183

RESUMO

Different newborn screening (NBS) programs have been practiced in many countries since the 1960s. It is of considerable interest whether next-generation sequencing is applicable in NBS. We have developed a panel of 465 causative genes for 596 early-onset, relatively high incidence, and potentially actionable severe inherited diseases in our Newborn Screening with Targeted Sequencing (NESTS) program to screen 11,484 babies in 8 Women and Children's hospitals nationwide in China retrospectively. The positive rate from preliminary screening of NESTS was 7.85% (902/11,484). With 45.89% (414/902) follow-up of preliminary positive cases, the overall clinically confirmative diagnosis rate of monogenic disorders was 12.07% (50/414), estimating an average of 0.95% (7.85% × 12.07%) clinical diagnosis rate, suggesting that monogenic disorders account for a considerable proportion of birth defects. The disease/gene spectrum varied in different regions of China. NESTS was implemented in a hospital by screening 3923 newborns to evaluate its clinical application. The turn-around time of a primary report, including the sequencing period of < 7 days, was within 11 days by our automatic interpretation pipeline. Our results suggest that NESTS is feasible and cost-effective as a first-tier NBS program, which will change the status of current clinical practice of NBS in China.

14.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(9): 903-908, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535204

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical features and prognosis of neonates with severe meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 60 neonates with severe MAS who were admitted from January 2017 to December 2019. According to the presence or absence of ARDS, they were divided into two groups: ARDS (n=45) and non-ARDS (n=15). Clinical features and prognosis were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Among the 60 neonates with severe MAS, 45 (75%) developed ARDS. Arterial blood gas analysis showed that the ARDS group had a significantly higher median oxygenation index within 1 hour after birth than the non-ARDS group (4.7 vs 2.1, P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between the two groups in white blood cell count, C-reactive protein (CRP), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) on admission and the peak values of procalcitonin, CRP, and IL-6 during hospitalization (P>0.05). The ARDS group had a significantly higher incidence rate of shock than the non-ARDS group (84% vs 47%, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the incidence rates of persistent pulmonary hypertension, pneumothorax, pulmonary hemorrhage, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, intracranial hemorrhage, and disseminated intravascular coagulation (P>0.05). The ARDS group required a longer median duration of mechanical ventilation than the non-ARDS group (53 hours vs 3 hours, P<0.05). In the ARDS group, 43 neonates (96%) were cured and 2 neonates (4%) died. In the non-ARDS group, all 15 neonates (100%) were cured. CONCLUSIONS: Neonates with severe MAS and ARDS tend to develop respiratory distress earlier, require a longer duration of mechanical ventilation, and have a higher incidence rate of shock. During the management of children with severe MAS, it is recommended to closely monitor oxygenation index, give timely diagnosis and treatment of ARDS, evaluate tissue perfusion, and actively prevent and treat shock. Citation.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio/complicações , Síndrome de Aspiração de Mecônio/terapia , Prognóstico , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Environ Res ; 204(Pt B): 112086, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562479

RESUMO

The green biogenic PdAu nanoparticles (bio-PdAu NPs) exhibits remarkable catalytic performance in hydrogenation, which is highly desired. However, the catalytic principles and effectiveness of bio-PdxAuy NPs in response to various catalytic systems (electrocatalysis and suspension-catalysis) are unclear. Herein, a facile synthetic strategy for bio-PdxAuy NPs synthesis with controlled size and the catalytic principles for hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and azo dye degradation is reported. In the biosynthetic process, the size and composition of the bio-PdxAuy NPs could be precisely controlled by predesigning the precursor mass ratio of Pd/Au, and the Au proportion showed a linear relationship with the size of NPs (R2 = 0.92). The obtained bio-PdxAuy NPs exhibit variable activity in electrocatalysis (HER) and suspension-catalysis (azo dye degradation). For electrocatalysis, the formation of conductive networks that facilitates the extracellular electron transfer is crucial. It was revealed that the bio-Pd2Au8 exhibited superior electrocatalytic performance in HER/toward hydrogen evolution, with a maximum current density of 1.65 mA cm-2, which was 1.54 times higher than that commercial Pd/C (1.07 mA cm-2). The high electrocatalytic activity was attributed to its appropriate size (81.38 ± 6.14 nm) and uniform distribution on the cell surface, which promoted the extracellular electron transfer by constructing a conductive network between catalyst and electrode. However, for suspension-catalysis, the size effect and synergistic effect of bimetallic NPs have a more prominent effect on the degradation of azo dyes. As the increase of Au proportion the particle size decreases, and the catalytic activity of bio-PdxAuy improved significantly. The response principles of bio-PdxAuy proposed in this study provide a reliable reference for the rational design of bio-based bimetallic catalysts with enhanced catalytic performance.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4157-4166, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467728

RESUMO

This article aims to establish the fingerprints, determine the hemostatic pharmacodynamic indicators, and explore the spectrum-effect relationship of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in 12 different specifications. Firstly, HPLC and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) were employed to establish the fingerprints of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The rat plasma recalcification experiment and the rat gastric bleeding experiment were conducted to determine the pharmacodynamic indicators, including plasma recalcification time(PRT), thrombin time(TT), prothrombin time(PT), and activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT). Afterwards, the partial least squares method was employed to explore the spectrum-effect relationship of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in different specifications. Twenty-six common peaks were detected in the HPLC fingerprints of different specifications of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, and 11 out of the 26 common peaks represented saponins. The content of dencichine was determined by LC-MS. The rat experiments showed that the pharmacodynamic indicators were significantly different among different specifications of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The spectrum-effect relationship was explored between 27 common components and pharmacodynamic indicators. Among them, 16 components had positive effects on the pharmacodynamic indicators of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, and 11 exerted negative effects. This study provides a basis for the precision medication and quality control of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Hemostáticos , Saponinas , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Controle de Qualidade , Ratos , Rizoma
17.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1180: 338897, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538312

RESUMO

An europium functionalized metal-organic fluorescent probe, Eu3+@UiO-66-FDC was constructed by post-synthetic modification through coordination interactions. Eu3+@UiO-66-FDC displayed high selectivity and sensitivity toward Tryptophan (Trp) among all the 20 natural amino acids and other general compounds in food and biological samples, with a wide linear concentration range (0-1000 µM), low detection limit (0.29 µM), and a rapid response (<1 min). Besides, this probe was utilized to detect Trp in rabbit blood serum and milk samples with good recoveries, which were verified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Notably, this fluorescent probe proved to be a recyclable material. Hence, this work provides a reliable and recyclable fluorescent probe applicable toward the detection of Trp in biological fluids and/or food products.


Assuntos
Európio , Corantes Fluorescentes , Animais , Metais , Coelhos , Triptofano
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553282

RESUMO

The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among urban populations is generally lower than rural residents, but the disease burden is still high. We conducted a cross-sectional prevalence survey of COPD among residents aged ≥40 years in an emerging city Shenzhen, China from September 2018 to June 2019. Through multi-stage stratified random sampling, a total of 4157 eligible participants were invited to complete a questionnaire and to take the spirometry test; 3591 with available data were enrolled in the final analysis. Individuals were diagnosed with COPD if the post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC ratio was less than 0.7. The estimated standardized prevalence of COPD among residents over 40 years old in Shenzhen was 5.92% (95% confidential intervals [CI] 4.05-8.34). Risk factors for COPD included elder age (adjusted odds ratio 1.206, 95% CI 1.120-1.299 per 10-year increase), smoking over 20 pack-years (1.968, 1.367-2.832), history of chronic bronchitis (1.733, 1.036-2.900) or asthma (4.920, 2.425-9.982), and exposure to higher annual minimum concentrations of ambient SO2 (1.156, 1.053-1.270 per 1-µg/m3 increase). Among 280 spirometry-diagnosed patients, most (221, 78.93%) patients were classified as mild COPD (GOLD stage I). This survey found that the prevalence of COPD in Shenzhen is low and most patients had mild symptoms, thus recommended screening using spirometry in primary health care to detect early-stage COPD. Increased risk from the exposure to air pollutants also indicated the urgent need for environmental improvement in city settings.

19.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34531546

RESUMO

We have previously shown that roflupram (ROF) protects against MPP+-induced neuronal damage in models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Since impaired degradation of α-synuclein (α-syn) is one of the key factors that lead to PD, here we investigated whether and how ROF affects the degradation of α-syn in rotenone (ROT)-induced PD models in vivo and in vitro. We showed that pretreatment with ROF (10 µM) significantly attenuated cell apoptosis and reduced the level of α-syn in ROT-treated SH-SY5Y cells. Furthermore, ROF significantly enhanced the lysosomal function, as evidenced by the increased levels of mature cathepsin D (CTSD) and lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 (LAMP1) through increasing NAD+/NADH and the expression of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). Pretreatment with an SIRT1 inhibitor selisistat (SELI, 10 µM) attenuated the neuroprotection of ROF, ROF-reduced expression of α-syn, and ROF-increased expression levels of LAMP1 and mature CTSD. Moreover, inhibition of CTSD by pepstatin A (20 µM) attenuated ROF-reduced expression of α-syn. In vivo study was conducted in mice exposed to ROT (10 mg·kg-1·d-1, i.g.) for 6 weeks; then, ROT-treated mice received ROF (0.5, 1, or 2 mg·kg-1·d-1; i.g.) for four weeks. ROF significantly ameliorated motor deficits, which was accompanied by increased expression levels of tyrosine hydroxylase, SIRT1, mature CTSD, and LAMP1, and a reduced level of α-syn in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Taken together, these results demonstrate that ROF exerts a neuroprotective action and reduces the α-syn level in PD models. The mechanisms underlying ROF neuroprotective effects appear to be associated with NAD+/SIRT1-dependent activation of lysosomal function.

20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(41): 22270-22275, 2021 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374477

RESUMO

Forrestiacids A (1) and B (2) are a novel class of [4+2] type pentaterpenoids derived from a rearranged lanostane moiety (dienophile) and an abietane unit (diene). These unprecedented molecules were isolated using guidance by molecular ion networking (MoIN) from Pseudotsuga forrestii, an endangered member of the Asian Douglas Fir Family. The intermolecular hetero-Diels-Alder adducts feature an unusual bicyclo[2.2.2]octene ring system. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, GIAO NMR calculations and DP4+ probability analyses, electronic circular dichroism calculations, and X-ray diffraction analysis. This unique addition to the pentaterpene family represents the largest and the most complex molecule successfully assigned using computational approaches to predict accurately chemical shift values. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited potent inhibitory activities (IC50 s <5 µM) of ATP-citrate lyase (ACL), a new drug target for the treatment of glycolipid metabolic disorders including hyperlipidemia. Validating this activity 1 effectively attenuated the de novo lipogenesis in HepG2 cells. These findings provide a new chemical class for developing potential therapeutic agents for ACL-related diseases with strong links to traditional medicines.

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