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1.
Int J Cancer ; 2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35904854

RESUMO

Characterization of metabolic perturbation prior to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) may deepen the understanding of causal pathways and identify novel biomarkers for early prevention. We conducted two 1:1 matched nested case-control studies (108 and 55 pairs) to examine the association of plasma metabolome (profiled using LC-MS) with the risk of HCC based on two prospective cohorts in China. Differential metabolites were identified by paired t-tests and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was performed to classify metabolites into modules for identifying biological pathways involved in hepatocarcinogenesis. We assessed the risk predictivity of metabolites using multivariable logistic regression models. Among 612 named metabolites, 44 differential metabolites were identified between cases and controls, including 12 androgenic/progestin steroid hormones, 8 bile acids, 10 amino acids, 6 phospholipids, and 8 others. These metabolites were associated with HCC in the multivariable logistic regression analyses, with odds ratios ranging from 0.19 (95% CI: 0.11-0.35) to 5.09 (95% CI: 2.73-9.50). WGCNA including 612 metabolites showed 8 significant modules related to HCC risk, including those representing metabolic pathways of androgen and progestin, primary and secondary bile acids, and amino acids. A combination of 18 metabolites of independent effects showed the potential to predict HCC risk, with an AUC of 0.87 (95% CI: 0.82-0.92) and 0.86 (95% CI: 0.80-0.93) in the training and validation sets, respectively. In conclusion, we identified a panel of plasma metabolites that could be implicated in hepatocellular carcinogenesis and have the potential to predict HCC risk.

2.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730595

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer risk has been associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), a surrogate indicator for unhealthy lifestyles, and a number of genetic loci, but the combined effect of MetS and genetic variants on GI cancer risk is uncertain. METHODS: We included 430,036 participants with available MetS and genotype data from UK Biobank. During the follow-up time, 5494 incident GI cancer cases, including esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, and colorectal cancer, were identified. We created a GI polygenic risk score (GI-PRS) for overall GI cancer derived from three site-specific cancer PRSs. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the associations of MetS and GI-PRS with the risk of GI cancer. RESULTS: MetS was significantly associated with 28% increment in GI cancer risk (hazard ratio [HR]MetS vs. non-MetS : 1.28, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.21-1.35, p < 0.0001), whereas a high GI-PRS (top quintile) was associated with 2.28-fold increase in risk (HRhigh vs. low : 2.28, 95% CI: 2.09-2.49, p < 0.0001). Compared with participants without MetS and at low genetic risk (bottom quintile of GI-PRS), those with MetS and at high genetic risk had 2.75-fold increase in GI cancer risk (HR: 2.75, 95% CI: 2.43-3.12, p < 0.0001). Additionally, MetS in comparison with no MetS had 1.49‰, 2.75‰, and 3.37‰ absolute risk increases in 5 years among participants at low, intermediate (quintiles 2-4 of GI-PRS) and high genetic risk, respectively, representing the number of subjects diagnosed as MetS causing a new GI cancer case in 5 years were 669, 364, and 296, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic and genetic factors may jointly contribute to GI cancer risk and may serve as predictors by quantitative measurements to identify high-risk populations of GI cancer for precise prevention.

3.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 2022 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been well recognized that antenatal administration of dexamethasone to pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery may markedly accelerate fetal maturation and reduce the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in their preterm infants, particularly for births before 34 weeks of gestation. Since 2015, antenatal corticosteroid administration has been extended beyond 34 weeks of gestation by clinical guidelines, as it might have beneficial effects on fetal maturation and perinatal outcomes. However, concerns regarding the potential influence of antenatal corticosteroid treatment on offspring neurodevelopment have been raised. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether maternal antenatal corticosteroid administration was associated with neurodevelopment in infants at 1 year of age. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective and longitudinal birth cohort study, women were followed up throughout gestation, and their infants underwent a Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition, screening test at 1 year of age between December 2018 and September 2020. Finally, 1609 pregnant women and 1759 infants were included in the current study. Using a generalized linear mixed model, we examined the association between antenatal corticosteroid exposure and infant neurodevelopment in cognitive, receptive communication, expressive communication, fine motor, and gross motor functions. RESULTS: Of the 1759 infants eligible for this study, 1453 (82.6%) were singletons. A total of 710 infants were exposed to antenatal corticosteroids, among whom 415 were dexamethasone exposed and 483 were prednisone exposed. Dexamethasone was prescribed most often in late pregnancy, whereas prednisone was often used before 8 weeks of gestation among women who conceived through assisted reproductive technology. Compared with those who had no exposure, antenatal corticosteroid exposure was associated with an increased risk of infants being noncompetent in the cognitive development domain after adjusting for conventional risk factors (adjusted risk ratio, 1.53; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-2.18; P=.017). For medication-specific exposure, those exposed vs not exposed to antenatal dexamethasone were 1.62-fold (95% confidence interval, 1.10-2.38; P=.014) more likely to be noncompetent in the cognitive development domain at 1 year. The association did not vary markedly between preterm and term infants, singletons and twins, or assisted reproductive technology-conceived and spontaneously conceived infants (all P>.05 for heterogeneity). In contrast, a null association was observed for the risk of being noncompetent in any domain of neurodevelopment with antenatal prednisone exposure at early pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Here, antenatal corticosteroid, particularly dexamethasone exposure, was markedly associated with an increased risk of infants being noncompetent in the cognitive development domain at 1 year of age. These findings may provide new information when weighing the benefits and potential risks of maternal antenatal corticosteroid administration.

4.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 42(7): 609-626, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35730068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epigenetic alterations have been shown to contribute immensely to human carcinogenesis. Dynamic and reversible N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA modification regulates gene expression and cell fate. However, the reasons for activation of KIAA1429 (also known as VIRMA, an RNA methyltransferase) and its underlying mechanism in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remain largely unexplored. In this study, we aimed to clarify the oncogenic role of KIAA1429 in the tumorigenesis of LUAD. METHODS: Whole-genome sequencing and transcriptome sequencing of LUAD data were used to analyze the gene amplification of RNA methyltransferase. The in vitro and in vivo functions of KIAA1429 were investigated. Transcriptome sequencing, methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (MeRIP-seq), m6A dot blot assays and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) were performed to confirm the modified gene mediated by KIAA1429. RNA stability assays were used to detect the half-life of the target gene. RESULTS: Copy number amplification drove higher expression of KIAA1429 in LUAD, which was correlated with poor overall survival. Manipulating the expression of KIAA1429 could regulate the proliferation and metastasis of LUAD. Mechanistically, the target genes of KIAA1429-mediated m6A modification were confirmed by transcriptome sequencing and MeRIP-seq assays. We also revealed that KIAA1429 could regulate BTG2 expression in an m6A-dependent manner. Knockdown of KIAA1429 significantly decreased the m6A levels of BTG2 mRNA, leading to enhanced YTH m6A RNA binding protein 2 (YTHDF2, the m6A "reader")-dependent BTG2 mRNA stability and promoted the expression of BTG2; thus, participating in the tumorigenesis of LUAD. CONCLUSIONS: Our data revealed the activation mechanism and important role of KIAA1429 in LUAD tumorigenesis, which may provide a novel view on the targeted molecular therapy of LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Carcinogênese/genética , Amplificação de Genes , Humanos , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/genética , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Prognóstico , RNA , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
5.
Sci Total Environ ; 842: 156778, 2022 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35724775

RESUMO

Emerging data have suggested the potential role of prenatal PM2.5 exposure as a neurotoxin for offspring. However, the existing results are equivocal, and no study has examined the effects of complex chemical constituents of the particular matter on offspring neurodevelopment. Therefore, in a prospective birth cohort study conducted in Jiangsu, China, we aimed to investigate the association between prenatal exposure to PM2.5 and the neurodevelopment in infants, and further assess the effects of specific chemical constituents of PM2.5. A total of 1531 children who had available data on daily prenatal PM2.5 exposure and completed assessment on neurodevelopment at 1 year old were enrolled. We used the high-performance machine-learning model to estimate daily PM2.5 exposure concentrations at 1 km × 1 km spatial resolution. The combined geospatial-statistical model was applied to evaluate average concentrations of six chemical constituents [organic matter (OM), black carbon (BC), sulfate (SO42-), nitrate (NO3-), ammonium (NH4+), and soil dust (Dust)]. The neurodevelopment of children was assessed using Bayley-III Screening Test. After adjusting for confounding factors, the risk of non-optimal gross motor development increased by 31 % for every 10 µg/m3 increase in average PM2.5 exposure during gestation (aRR: 1.31; 95 % CI: 1.04, 1.64). Further analysis of PM2.5 constituents showed that prenatally exposed to high SO42- was associated with the risk of non-optimal gross motor development (aRR: 1.40; 95 % CI: 1.08, 1.81). Null associations were observed for the rest four neurodevelopment domains. Collectively, our study suggested that prenatal exposure to PM2.5, particularly with high SO42- concentration, was associated with children's non-optimal gross motor development at 1 year old. The short- and long-term influences of perinatal PM2.5 exposure on children's neurodevelopment warrant further investigation.

6.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 1966, 2022 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35414057

RESUMO

Polygenic risk scores (PRS) have the potential to identify individuals at risk of diseases, optimizing treatment, and predicting survival outcomes. Here, we construct and validate a genome-wide association study (GWAS) derived PRS for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), using a multi-center study of six populations (6 059 NPC cases and 7 582 controls), and evaluate its utility in a nested case-control study. We show that the PRS enables effective identification of NPC high-risk individuals (AUC = 0.65) and improves the risk prediction with the PRS incremental deciles in each population (Ptrend ranging from 2.79 × 10-7 to 4.79 × 10-44). By incorporating the PRS into EBV-serology-based NPC screening, the test's positive predictive value (PPV) is increased from an average of 4.84% to 8.38% and 11.91% in the top 10% and 5% PRS, respectively. In summary, the GWAS-derived PRS, together with the EBV test, significantly improves NPC risk stratification and informs personalized screening.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 836159, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35237526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains undetermined whether neuroticism affects the risk of lung cancer. Therefore, we performed complementary observational and Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses to investigate the association between neuroticism and lung cancer risk. METHODS: We included 364,451 UK Biobank participants free of cancer at baseline. Neuroticism was ascertained using the 12-item of Eysenck Personality Inventory Neuroticism Scale. Multivariable Cox regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Two-sample MR analysis was carried out with summary genetic data from UK Biobank (374,323 individuals) and International Lung Cancer Consortium (29,266 lung cancer cases and 56,450 controls). Furthermore, we calculated a polygenic risk score of lung cancer, and examined the joint-effect and interaction between neuroticism and genetic susceptibility on lung cancer risk. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 7.13 years, 1573 lung cancer cases were documented. After adjusting for smoking and other confounders, higher neuroticism was associated with an increased risk of lung cancer (HR per 1 SD=1.07, 95% CI: 1.02-1.12). Consistently, MR analysis suggested a causal effect of neuroticism on lung cancer risk (OR IVW=1.10, 95% CI: 1.03-1.17). Compared to individuals with low neuroticism and low PRS, those with both high neuroticism and high PRS had the greatest risk of lung cancer (HR=1.82, 95%CI: 1.51-2.20). Furthermore, there was a positive additive but no multiplicative interaction between neuroticism and genetic risk. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that neuroticism is associated with an elevated risk of incident lung cancer, which is strengthened by the genetic susceptibility to lung cancer. Further studies are necessary to elucidate underlying mechanisms.

8.
Helicobacter ; 27(3): e12881, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35212073

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies have reported the association between limited number of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) antigens and gastric cancer (GC) risk. The present study evaluated the association between serum antibodies against 15 different H. pylori proteins measured by using multiplex serology assay and GC risk. METHODS: We searched PubMed databases, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library for relevant articles. A meta-analysis was used to pool studies and to estimate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) of different H. pylori antigens associated with GC risk. Heterogeneity was investigated using Cochran's Q test and I-squared statistic. RESULTS: Nine studies were identified, with a total of 3209 GC cases and 6964 controls. Five H. pylori virulence factors were significantly associated with non-cardia GC risk at p-value <0.0033 including: CagA (OR = 3.22, 95%CI: 2.10-4.94), HP0305 (OR = 1.72, 95%CI: 1.32-2.25), HyuA (OR = 1.42, 95%CI: 1.13-1.79), Omp (OR = 1.83, 95%CI: 1.30-2.58), and VacA (OR = 2.05, 95%CI: 1.67-2.52). However, none of the 15 antigens was associated with cardia GC risk. In subgroup analysis by ethnicity, we identified 7 antigens associated with the risk of non-cardia GC among East Asian while only two antigens were identified in European population. Nevertheless, CagA and GroEL showed a stronger association in Caucasian (CagA OR = 5.83, 95%CI: 3.31-10.26; GroEL OR = 3.66, 95%CI: 1.58-8.50) compared with East Asian (CagA OR = 2.20, 95% CI: 1.85-2.61; GroEL OR = 1.47, 95%CI: 1.29-1.68). CONCLUSIONS: This study determined that H. pylori infection increases the risk of non-cardia GC with differential effects by its virulence factors and with different patterns among East Asian and European populations. These results advance the understanding of the effect of H. pylori on GC.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Neoplasias Gástricas , Anticorpos Antibacterianos , Antígenos de Bactérias , Proteínas de Bactérias , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Virulência
9.
Nutrients ; 14(4)2022 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35215380

RESUMO

The health effects of diet are long term and persistent. Few cohort studies have investigated the influence of maternal dietary patterns during different gestational periods on offspring's health outcomes. This study investigated the associations between maternal dietary patterns in the mid- and late-gestation and infant's neurodevelopment at 1 year of age in the Jiangsu Birth Cohort (JBC) Study. A total of 1178 mother-child pairs were available for analysis. A semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used to investigate dietary intake at 22-26 and 30-34 gestational weeks (GWs). Neurodevelopment of children aged 1 year old was assessed using Bayley-Ⅲ Screening Test. Principal component analysis (PCA) and Poisson regression were used to extract dietary patterns and to investigate the association between dietary patterns and infant neurodevelopment. After adjusting for potential confounders, the maternal 'Aquatic products, Fresh vegetables and Homonemeae' pattern in the second trimester was associated with a lower risk of being non-competent in cognitive and gross motor development, respectively (cognition: aRR = 0.84; 95% CI 0.74-0.94; gross motor: aRR = 0.80; 95% CI 0.71-0.91), and the similar pattern, 'Aquatic products and Homonemeae', in the third trimester also showed significant association with decreased risk of failing age-appreciate cognitive and receptive communication development (cognition: aRR = 0.89; 95% CI 0.80-0.98; receptive communication: aRR = 0.91; 95% CI 0.84-0.99). Notably, adherence to the dietary pattern with relatively high aquatic and homonemeae products in both trimesters demonstrated remarkable protective effects on child neurodevelopment with the risk of being non-competent in cognitive and gross motor development decreasing by 59% (95% CI 0.21-0.79) and 63% (95% CI 0.18-0.77), respectively. Our findings suggested that adherence to the 'Aquatic products and Homonemeae' dietary pattern during pregnancy may have optimal effects on offspring's neurodevelopment.


Assuntos
Dieta , Verduras , Cognição , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Lactente , Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez
10.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 37(3): 464-470, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34862656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection rates have been changing with different populations and geographic areas. We systematically evaluated the longitudinal trends in H. pylori prevalence in China over the past decades. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of literature reporting the prevalence of H. pylori infection in mainland China from 1990 to 2019 in the PubMed and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases. We conducted a meta-analysis of qualified studies using a random effects model to estimate the pooled prevalence with a 95% confidence interval (95%CI). RESULTS: A total of 412 eligible studies with 1 377 349 subjects were included. The pooled H. pylori prevalence was 44.2% (95%CI: 43.0-45.5%) in mainland China, with an estimated 589 million individuals infected with H. pylori. The prevalence was relatively high in the Northwest (51.8%, 95%CI: 47.5-56.1%), East (47.7%, 95%CI: 45.4-50.0%), and Southwest China (46.6%, 95%CI: 42.1-51.1%). The prevalence significantly decreased from 58.3% (95%CI: 50.7-65.5%) in the period 1983-1994 to 40.0% (95%CI: 38.2-41.8%) in the period 2015-2019. The prevalence increased with age, ranging from 28.0% (95%CI: 23.9-32.5%) in children and adolescents to 46.1% (95%CI: 44.5-47.6%) in adults. CONCLUSION: Although the burden of H. pylori infections is still huge in China, the infection rate has been decreasing over the past decades. Targeted H. pylori eradication strategies may be considered in areas or populations with a high incidence of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Prevalência
11.
Br J Cancer ; 126(5): 815-821, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34853434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little prospective evidence exists about whether a combination of healthy lifestyle factors is related to a considerable reduction of liver cancer risk. METHODS: Based on the prospective China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) cohort with a total of 492,640 Chinese adults, we examined the associations of five lifestyle factors with risk of liver cancer. Low-risk lifestyle factors were defined as non-smoking, non-drinking, median or higher level of physical activity, a healthy diet, and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) < 0.90 for men and <0.85 for women. RESULTS: During a median of 10.12 years of follow-up, 2529 liver cancer events were observed. There was a significant decrease in liver cancer risk with the increasing of the healthy lifestyle index scores (P < 0.001). Participants with a favourable lifestyle (4 or 5 healthy lifestyle factors) had a 43% reduced liver cancer risk compared with those with an unfavourable lifestyle (0 or 1 healthy lifestyle factor) (HR, 0.57 [95% CI, 0.47-0.68]). The cumulative protective effect of a healthy lifestyle on liver cancer appeared to be more dramatic for patients with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive, the individuals at high risk of liver cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Individuals adhering to a favourable lifestyle was associated with a considerable absolute risk reduction of liver cancer.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Hepatite B/imunologia , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Relação Cintura-Quadril
12.
J Med Genet ; 59(4): 335-345, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is one of the most common cancers worldwide and includes cancers arising from the oral cavity, pharynx and larynx. Genome-wide association studies have found several genetic variants related to the risk of SCCHN; however, they could only explain a small fraction of the heritability. Thus, more susceptibility loci associated with SCCHN need to be identified. METHODS: An association study was conducted by genotyping 555 patients with SCCHN and 1367 controls in a Chinese population. Single-variant association analysis was conducted on 63 373 SNPs, and the promising variants were then confirmed by a two-stage validation with 1875 SCCHN cases and 4637 controls. Bioinformatics analysis and functional assays were applied to uncover the potential pathogenic mechanism of the promising variants and genes associated with SCCHN. RESULTS: We first identified three novel genetic variants significantly associated with the risk of SCCHN (p=7.45×10-7 for rs2517611 at 6p22.1, p=1.76×10-9 for rs2524182 at 6p21.33 and p=2.17×10-10 for rs3131018 at 6p21.33). Further analysis and biochemical assays showed that rs3094187, which was in a region in high linkage disequilibrium with rs3131018, could modify TCF19 expression by regulating the binding affinity of the transcription factor SREBF1 to the promoter of TCF19. In addition, experiments revealed that the inhibition of TCF19 may affect several important pathways involved in tumourigenesis and attenuate the cell proliferation and migration of SCCHN. CONCLUSION: These findings offer important evidence that functional genetic variants could contribute to development of SCCHN and that TCF19 may function as a putative susceptibility gene for SCCHN.

13.
Sci China Life Sci ; 65(1): 19-32, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050895

RESUMO

Adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) RNA editing is a widespread posttranscriptional modification that has been shown to play an important role in tumorigenesis. Here, we evaluated a total of 19,316 RNA editing sites in the tissues of 80 lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients from our Nanjing Lung Cancer Cohort (NJLCC) and 486 LUAD patients from the TCGA database. The global RNA editing level was significantly increased in tumor tissues and was highly heterogeneous across patients. The high RNA editing level in tumors was attributed to both RNA (ADAR1 expression) and DNA alterations (mutation load). Consensus clustering on RNA editing sites revealed a new molecular subtype (EC3) that was associated with the poorest prognosis of LUAD patients. Importantly, the new classification was independent of classic molecular subtypes based on gene expression or DNA methylation. We further proposed a simplified model including eight RNA editing sites to accurately distinguish the EC3 subtype in our patients. The model was further validated in the TCGA dataset and had an area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.93 (95%CI: 0.91-0.95). In addition, we found that LUAD cell lines with the EC3 subtype were sensitive to four chemotherapy drugs. These findings highlighted the importance of RNA editing events in the tumorigenesis of LUAD and provided insight into the application of RNA editing in the molecular subtyping and clinical treatment of cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Edição de RNA , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/classificação , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adenosina Desaminase/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos de Coortes , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Neoplasias Pulmonares/classificação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mutação , Prognóstico , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Curva ROC
14.
Int J Cancer ; 150(1): 47-55, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449869

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation has been associated with the development of lung cancer. In this study, we examined the association between C-reactive protein (CRP) and lung cancer in a prospective cohort study and used Mendelian randomization (MR) to clarify the causality. We included 420 977 participants from the UK Biobank (UKB) in the analyses; 1892 thereof were diagnosed with lung cancer during the follow-up. Hazards ratios (HRs) of CRP concentrations were estimated by Cox proportional hazard models and two approaches of MR analysis were performed. Besides, we added CRP concentrations to epidemiological model of lung cancer to evaluate its prediagnostic role through time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Elevated CRP levels were associated with a 22% increased lung cancer risk per 1 SD increase (HR = 1.22, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.18-1.26). Positive associations were observed in small cell lung cancer (HR = 1.21, 95% CI = 1.10-1.33), lung adenocarcinoma (HR = 1.17, 95% CI = 1.11-1.23) and lung squamous cell carcinoma (HR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.14-1.31). No genetical association of circulating CRP levels and lung cancer risk was observed in MR analysis. When added to a risk model of lung cancer, CRP improved the performance of model as long as 8 years among current smokers (basic model: C-statistic = 0.78 [95% CI = 0.75-0.80]; CRP model: C-statistic = 0.79 [95% CI = 0.76-0.81]; Pnonadjusted  = .003, Padjusted  = .014). Our results did not support the causal association of circulating CRP with lung cancer risk. However, circulating CRP could be a prediagnostic marker of lung cancer as long as 8 years in advance for current smokers.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/sangue , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/sangue , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/genética , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
15.
Gene ; 813: 146115, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34902508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have revealed the significance of several cancer/testis (CT) genes in gastric cancer (GC). Here, we identified candidate CT oncogenes in GC, which were activated by the promoter (p) hypomethylation. METHODS: Transcriptome profiling and DNA methylation data of stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. We applied multiple Cox regression analysis to identify survival-related CT genes. CpG sites associated with hypomethylated activation were defined by Spearman's rank correlation analysis. We used the CRISPR/dCas9 technique to accurately mediate p hypomethylation in a GC cell line (HGC27) and verify the effect of targeted CpG sites on gene expression. Finally, we verified the function via gain- and loss-of-function assays in vitro. RESULTS: We recognized LIN28B as a highly activated CT gene in GC, whose high expression was associated with poor prognosis of GC patients [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.90, 95 %CI:1.26-2.87, P = 2.14 × 10-3]. Bioinformatics analysis found that hypomethylation of four CpG sites at LIN28B p were negatively correlated with its elevated expression, and we verified that p hypomethylation could activate LIN28B expression via accurately mediated p methylation. Moreover, knockout of LIN28B markedly repressed proliferation, metastasis, and invasion of GC cells in vitro. In contrast, LIN28B over-expression could promote metastasis and invasion of GC cells. CONCLUSION: In summary, we found that CT gene LIN28B could be activated by p hypomethylation in GC, which suggested that hypomethylation of specific CpG sites could be a potential molecular marker for prognosis prediction and individualized treatment among GC patients.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Testículo/metabolismo , Ativação Transcricional , Transcriptoma
16.
J Biomed Res ; 35(5): 361-370, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628403

RESUMO

Superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SESCC) is defined as carcinoma with mucosal or submucosal invasion, regardless of regional lymph node metastasis (LNM). The lymph node status is not only a key factor to determine the training strategy, but also the most important prognostic factor in esophageal cancer. In this study, we establish a clinical nomogram for predicting LNM in patients with SESCC. A predictive model was established based on the training cohort composed of 711 patients who underwent esophagectomy for SESCC from December 2009 to June 2018. A prospective cohort of 203 patients from June 2018 to January 2019 was used for validation. Favorable calibration and well-fitted decision curve analysis were conducted and good discrimination was observed (concordance index [C-index], 0.860; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.825-0.894) through internal validation. The external validation cohort presented good discrimination (C-index, 0.916; 95% CI, 0.860-0.971). This model may facilitate the prediction of LNM in patients with SESCCs.

17.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 725, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34706683

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychological distress may exert a negative influence on reproductive function of couples at reproductive age. Couples seeking assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment may have a higher prevalence of psychological distress than fertile couples. However, whether psychological distress is associated with the outcome of ART treatment remains unknown. We aimed to investigate the association of pre-treatment psychological distress and clinical pregnancy rate among infertility couples undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. METHODS: This nested case-control study was conducted based on women who underwent their first fresh IVF or ICSI cycle in the Jiangsu Birth Cohort Study (JBC) between November 2015 and January 2019. A total of 150 women who did not obtain clinical pregnancy after first IVF or ICSI fresh embryo transfer were identified as cases, and a total of 300 age matched women who obtained clinical pregnancy were identified as controls. Conditional logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the association between psychological distress and the outcome of first IVF or ICSI treatment, adjusting for multiple potential confounders. RESULTS: No statistically significant association was observed between score of maternal symptoms of psychological distress and clinical pregnancy. Adjusted ORs of logistic regression were 1.00 (95% CI 0.97-1.03) for anxiety, 0.98 (95% CI 0.95-1.02) for depression, and 0.98 (95% CI 0.95-1.01) for perceived stress, respectively. When treat depression and anxiety as categorical variables, 62 (13.8%) were classified as clinical depression, 11 (2.4%) were classified as clinical anxiety, among 450 women in the present study. Psychological distress symptoms were also not associated with clinical pregnancy rate. Adjusted ORs of logistic regression were 0.27 (95% CI 0.03-2.33) for anxiety, 0.88 (95% CI 0.46-1.68) for depression, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings firstly indicated that psychological distress experienced prior to IVF/ICSI treatment was not associated with clinical pregnancy.


Assuntos
Fertilização In Vitro/psicologia , Infertilidade/terapia , Taxa de Gravidez , Angústia Psicológica , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
EMBO Rep ; 22(11): e52707, 2021 11 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472665

RESUMO

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified multiple gastric cancer risk loci and several protein-coding susceptibility genes. However, the role of long-noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) transcribed from these risk loci in gastric cancer development and progression remains to be explored. Here, we functionally characterize a lncRNA, lncPSCA, as a novel tumor suppressor whose expression is fine-regulated by a gastric cancer risk-associated genetic variant. The rs2978980 T > G change in an intronic enhancer of lncPSCA interrupts binding of transcription factor RORA, which down-regulates lncPSCA expression in an allele-specific manner. LncPSCA interacts with DDX5 and promotes DDX5 degradation through ubiquitination. Increased expression of lncPSCA results in low levels of DDX5, less RNA polymerase II (Pol II) binding with DDX5 in the nucleus, thus activating transcription of multiple p53 signaling genes by Pol II. These findings highlight the importance of functionally annotating lncRNAs in GWAS risk loci and the great potential of modulating lncRNAs as innovative cancer therapy.


Assuntos
RNA Longo não Codificante , Neoplasias Gástricas , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
19.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence remains conflicting regarding diet and risk of lung cancer. OBJECTIVES: We sought to systematically investigate whether dietary factors are associated with the risk of incident lung cancer in the UK Biobank. METHODS: A total of 416,588 participants (54% women) from the UK Biobank were included in the present study. Based on baseline data from FFQs, 3 main dietary patterns were identified by using principal component analysis. Cox proportional hazards models were used to investigate the association of individual food groups and dietary patterns with lung cancer risk. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 7.13 y, 1782 incident lung cancer cases were documented. The association analysis showed high intake of red meat and processed meat was associated with an increased risk of lung cancer (HRper 50 g/d: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.13, 1.65 for red meat; HRper 25 g/d: 1.30; 95% CI: 1.10, 1.53 for processed meat). However, the consumption of fruits (HRper 100 g/d: 0.90; 95% CI: 0.84, 0.95), vegetables (HRper 100 g/d: 0.89; 95% CI: 0.81, 0.99), breakfast cereals (HRper 50 g/d: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.74, 0.89), and dietary fiber (HRper 5 g/d: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.69, 0.84) was inversely associated with the risk of lung cancer. For the dietary pattern analysis [quartile (Q) comparison], high adherence to the Prudent pattern (HRQ4 compared with Q1: 0.84; 95% CI: 0.73, 0.96) was associated with a lower risk of lung cancer, whereas the Western pattern (HRQ4 compared with Q1: 1.27; 95% CI: 1.11, 1.46) was associated with a higher risk of lung cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that a diet characterized by high intake of fruits, vegetables, breakfast cereals, and dietary fiber, as well as low intake of red meat and processed meat, was associated with a lower risk of lung cancer.

20.
Carcinogenesis ; 42(9): 1154-1161, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297049

RESUMO

Gene-smoking interactions play important roles in the development of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). To identify single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that modify the association of smoking behavior with NSCLC risk, we conducted a genome-wide gene-smoking interaction study in Chinese populations. The genome-wide interaction analysis between SNPs and smoking status (ever- versus never-smokers) was carried out using genome-wide association studies of NSCLC, which included 13 327 cases and 13 328 controls. Stratified analysis by histological subtypes was also conducted. We used a genome-wide significance threshold of 5 × 10-8 for identifying significant gene-smoking interactions and 1 × 10-6 for identifying suggestive results. Functional annotation was performed to identify potential functional SNPs and target genes. We identified three novel loci with significant or suggestive gene-smoking interaction. For NSCLC, the interaction between rs2746087 (20q11.23) and smoking status reached genome-wide significance threshold [odds ratio (OR) = 0.63, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.54-0.74, P = 3.31 × 10-8], and the interaction between rs11912498 (22q12.1) and smoking status reached suggestive significance threshold (OR = 0.72, 95% CI: 0.63-0.82, P = 8.10 × 10-7). Stratified analysis by histological subtypes identified suggestive interactions between rs459724 (5q11.2) and smoking status (OR = 0.61, 95% CI: 0.51-0.73, P = 7.55 × 10-8) in the risk of lung squamous cell carcinoma. Functional annotation indicated that both classic and novel biological processes, including nicotine addiction and airway clearance, may modulate the susceptibility to NSCLC. These novel loci provide new insights into the biological mechanisms underlying NSCLC risk. Independent replication in large-scale studies is needed and experimental studies are warranted to functionally validate these associations.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/etnologia , China/etnologia , Feminino , Loci Gênicos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etnologia , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
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