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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524156

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Overactive neutrophils are thought to be key drivers in the development of post-traumatic multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Little is known about the role of inflammation-related lnc-IL7R in trauma. Thus, we aimed to explore the association between neutrophil-derived lnc-IL7R and post-traumatic MODS. METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from the isolated circulating neutrophils in 60 patients with trauma and 33 healthy volunteers for lnc-IL7R expression determination by real-time PCR. The correlation of lnc-IL7R expression with disease severity and the development of post-traumatic MODS was analyzed. RESULTS: The lnc-IL7R levels were significantly lower in trauma patients, especially in those with severe trauma [Injury Severity Score (ISS) ≥ 16], and correlated negatively with the ISS, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score, and length of ICU stay. The lnc-IL7R levels were also significantly decreased in patients who developed MODS than in those who did not. Lnc-IL7R was an independent predictor of MODS [odds ratio (OR) 0.654, (0.435-0.982), p = 0.041]. The area under the curve for predicting post-traumatic MODS was 0.799 (sensitivity 76.9%, specificity 71.4%), with a cutoff value of 0.024. CONCLUSIONS: Neutrophil-derived lnc-IL7R is an independent predictor of post-traumatic MODS; therefore, it could be a useful predictive marker for MODS.

2.
Circ Res ; 126(7): 839-853, 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078445

RESUMO

RATIONALE: High-salt diet is one of the most important risk factors for hypertension. Intestinal flora has been reported to be associated with high salt-induced hypertension (hSIH). However, the detailed roles of intestinal flora in hSIH pathogenesis have not yet been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To reveal the roles and mechanisms of intestinal flora in hSIH development. METHODS AND RESULTS: The abovementioned issues were investigated using various techniques including 16S rRNA gene sequencing, untargeted metabolomics, selective bacterial culture, and fecal microbiota transplantation. We found that high-salt diet induced hypertension in Wistar rats. The fecal microbiota of healthy rats could dramatically lower blood pressure (BP) of hypertensive rats, whereas the fecal microbiota of hSIH rats had opposite effects. The composition, metabolism, and interrelationship of intestinal flora in hSIH rats were considerably reshaped, including the increased corticosterone level and reduced Bacteroides and arachidonic acid levels, which tightly correlated with BP. The serum corticosterone level was also significantly increased in rats with hSIH. Furthermore, the above abnormalities were confirmed in patients with hypertension. The intestinal Bacteroides fragilis could inhibit the production of intestinal-derived corticosterone induced by high-salt diet through its metabolite arachidonic acid. CONCLUSIONS: hSIH could be transferred by fecal microbiota transplantation, indicating the pivotal roles of intestinal flora in hSIH development. High-salt diet reduced the levels of B fragilis and arachidonic acid in the intestine, which increased intestinal-derived corticosterone production and corticosterone levels in serum and intestine, thereby promoting BP elevation. This study revealed a novel mechanism different from inflammation/immunity by which intestinal flora regulated BP, namely intestinal flora could modulate BP by affecting steroid hormone levels. These findings enriched the understanding of the function of intestinal flora and its effects on hypertension.

3.
Oncogene ; 39(7): 1484-1497, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666682

RESUMO

WNT5B glycoprotein belongs to the Wnt protein family. Limited investigations revealed a possible role of WNT5B in malignancies, such as triple-negative breast cancer and oral squamous cell carcinoma. However, whether WNT5B contributes to the progression of lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) remains unclear. Here, we initially determine that WNT5B is highly expressed in LAD and is positively correlated with lymph node metastasis and TNM stage. Consistently, clinical analysis reveals WNT5B as an independent prognostic biomarker in LAD. Silencing WNT5B suppresses the proliferation of LAD both in vitro and in vivo by interfering G1/S cell-cycle progression and modulating amino acid metabolism, revealing its remarkable oncogenic role in LAD. Of note, we also identified miR-5587-3p as a negative upstream regulator of WNT5B in LAD, which may help develop therapies targeting LAD patients with high WNT5B expression. Taken together, our results revealed an oncogenic role of WNT5B in LAD, which could be a prognostic biomarker and promising therapeutic target for LAD patients.

4.
Gene ; 726: 144147, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation (SI) is the most serious symptom of major depressive disorder (MDD) and considered an extreme state. The serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4) plays a significant role in MDD and suicide pathophysiology. Previous studies have revealed an association between common variants of SLC6A4 with the risk of MDD and suicide. However, very few studies have so far focused on the degree to which rare variants of SLC6A4 are responsible for the depression observed in adolescent and young adult suicide patients. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of common and rare variants of SLC6A4 on the risk of Han Chinese adolescents and young adults suffering MDD with SI. METHODS: Targeted sequencing of the SLC6A4 gene was conducted using FastTarget technology in Han Chinese adolescents and young adults, of which 74 were MDD patients with SI and 150 were healthy controls. Gene-based association analyses of rare variants were performed using enrichment analysis and a cumulative allele test. An allele association study was performed against common variants. RESULTS: After sequencing and bioinformatics analysis, a total of 15 single nucleotide variants (SNVs) were detected in the targeted regions from all participants, including 9 common and 6 rare variants. Among these, 5 rare variants were identified within the study group. Enrichment analysis of rare variants demonstrated a statistical difference (p = 0.042) between the study and control groups. Using cumulative allele analysis, alternative alleles in the SLC6A4 gene exhibited an association with MDD patients with SI (cumulative allele: OR = 10.18, 95% CI = 1.18-87.32, p = 0.017). No significant association was found between the 9 common SLC6A4 variants and MDD patients with SI. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that rare variants of SLC6A4 may contribute to a genetic risk of adolescents and young adults suffering MDD with SI.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Proteínas da Membrana Plasmática de Transporte de Serotonina/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Alelos , Feminino , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Ideação Suicida , Suicídio , Adulto Jovem
5.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 147: 159-166, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874250

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase 1 (GGPPS1) in ventilator-induced lung injury along with the underlying mechanism. METHODS: A murine VILI model was induced by high-tidal volume ventilation in both wild-type and GGPPS1 knockout mice. GGPPS1 expression was detected in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) supernatants of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients and healthy volunteers, as well as in lung tissues and BALF supernatants of the VILI mice using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western bolt and immunohistochemical (IHC). The wet/dry ratio, total BALF proteins, and lung injury score were analyzed. The percentage of neutrophils was detected by flow cytometry and IHC. Inflammatory cytokine levels were measured by ELISA and qRT-PCR. The related expression of Toll-like receptor (TLR)2/4 and its downstream proteins was evaluated by western blot. RESULTS: GGPPS1 in BALF supernatants was upregulated in ARDS patients and the VILI mice. Depletion of GGPPS1 significantly alleviated the severity of ventilator induced lung injury in mice. Total cell count, neutrophils and inflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-1ß, IL-18 and tumor necrosis factor-α) levels in BALF were reduced after GGPPS1 depletion. Moreover, addition of exogenous GGPP in GGPPS-deficient mice significantly exacerbated the severity of ventilator induced lung injury as compared to the PBS treated controls. Mechanistically, the expression of TLR2/4, as well as downstream proteins including activator protein-1 (AP-1) was suppressed in lung tissues of GGPPS1-deficient mice. CONCLUSION: GGPPS1 promoted the pathogenesis of VILI by modulating the TLR2/4-AP-1 signaling pathway, and GGPPS1 knockout significantly alleviated the lung injury and inflammation in the VILI mice.

6.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1866(3): 165649, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870714

RESUMO

Genome-wide changes in gene translational efficiency during the development of heart failure are poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that aberrant changes in translational efficiency of cardiac genes are associated with the development of myocyte decompensation in response to persistent stress stimuli. We demonstrated that chronic pressure overload in mice resulted in a genome-wide reprogramming of translational efficiency, with >50% of the translatome exhibiting decreased translational efficiencies during the transition from myocardial compensation to decompensation. Importantly, these translationally repressed genes included those involved in angiogenesis and energy metabolism. Moreover, we showed that the stress-induced translational reprogramming was accompanied by persistent activation of the eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (eIF2α)-mediated stress response pathway. Counteracting the endogenous eIF2α functions by cardiac-specific overexpression of an eIF2α-S51A mutant ameliorated the development of myocyte decompensation, with concomitant improvements in translation of cardiac functional genes and increases in angiogenic responses. These data suggest that the mismatch between transcription and translation of the cardiac genes with essential functions may represent a novel molecular mechanism underlying the development of myocyte decompensation in response to chronic stress stimuli, and the eIF2α pathway may be a viable therapeutic target for recovering the optimal translation of the repressed cardiac genes.

7.
Biol Chem ; 400(12): 1617-1627, 2019 11 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31120854

RESUMO

Geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (GGPPS) is an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate (GGPP). GGPPS is implicated in many disorders, but its role in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of GGPPS in IPF. We established bleomycin-induced lung injury in a lung-specific GGPPS-deficient mouse (GGPPS-/-) and detected GGPPS expression in lung tissues by Western blot and immunohistochemistry analysis. We found that GGPPS expression increased during lung injury and fibrosis in mice induced by bleomycin, and GGPPS deficiency augmented lung fibrosis. GGPPS deficiency activated lung fibroblast by facilitating transforming growth factor ß1 while antagonizing bone morphogenetic protein 4 signaling. Notably, the supplementation of exogenous GGPP mitigated lung fibrosis in GGPPS-/- mice induced by bleomycin. In conclusion, our findings suggest that GGPPS provides protection against pulmonary fibrosis and that the restoration of protein geranylgeranylation may benefit statin-induced lung injury.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4/metabolismo , Farnesiltranstransferase/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/metabolismo , Complexos Multienzimáticos/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Animais , Farnesiltranstransferase/deficiência , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/induzido quimicamente , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Complexos Multienzimáticos/deficiência
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987027

RESUMO

Disaster insurance is an important tool for achieving sustainable development in modern agriculture. However, in China, the design of such insurance indexes is far from sufficient. In this paper, the single-season rice in Jiangsu Province of China is taken as an example to design the high-temperature damage index in summer and the low-temperature damage index in autumn to construct the formula calculating the weather output and single-season rice yield reduction. The daily highest, lowest and average temperatures between 1999 and 2015 are selected as main variables for the temperature disaster index to quantitatively analyze the relationship between the temperature index and the yield reduction rate of the single-season rice. The temperature disaster index can be put into the relevant model to obtain the yield reduction rate of the year and determine whether to pay the indemnity. Then, the burn analysis is used to determine the insurance premium rate for all cities in Jiangsu Province under four-level deductibles, and the insurance premium rate can be used for the risk division of the Province. The research provides some insights for the design of agricultural weather insurance products, and the empirical results provide a reference for the design of similar single-season rice temperature index insurance products.


Assuntos
Temperatura Baixa , Temperatura Alta , Seguro , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Agricultura/métodos , China , Planejamento de Cidades , Estações do Ano , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Tempo (Meteorologia)
9.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(1): 25-30, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30854814

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to establish an effective and stable periodontal ligament cell line stably expressing human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) gene by using the adenovirus method. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to amplify the full length of hTERT gene to construct recombinant adenovirus plasmid pAd-pshuttle-cmv-hTERT. Packaged adenovirus particles were used for infection of human periodontal ligament cells. The expression levels of hTERT and osteogenic genes, such as alkaline phosphatase, Runt-related transcription factor 2, bone sialoprotein, osteocalcin, osteopontin, and collagen Ⅰ mRNA, were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). The ability of osteogenic differentiation was observed by alizarin red staining, and the cell proliferation was determined by CCK-8. RESULTS: Adenovirus particles containing the hTERT gene were successfully constructed and infected with periodontal ligament cells. The infected cells were similar to normal periodontal ligament cells. The qRT-PCR results showed that hTERT and osteogenesis-associated genes were highly expressed in the periodontal ligament cell lines constructed by adenoviruses. Alizarin red staining showed that the periodontal ligament cell line had strong osteogenic differentiation capability. CCK-8 showed that the periodontal ligament cell line had strong proliferation capability. CONCLUSIONS: The human periodontal ligament cell line with high efficiency and stable expression of hTERT was established by the adenovirus method, thereby providing an ideal cell line for studying the mechanism of periodontal regeneration.


Assuntos
Ligamento Periodontal , Telomerase , Adenoviridae , Fosfatase Alcalina , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Osteogênese
10.
Hum Gene Ther Methods ; 30(2): 53-59, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30704312

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to generate periodontal ligament (PDL) cells that have adenovirus- or lentivirus-mediated overexpression of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and to compare the osteogenic and proliferative abilities of the two cell lines to establish an efficient and stable cell model that will be more suitable for studies of PDL regeneration. After construction of the recombinant adenovirus plasmid pAd-pshuttle-cmv-hTERT, human PDL cells were infected by packaged adenovirus and lentivirus particles to establish two PDL cell lines. The expression levels of hTERT and mRNA for alkaline phosphatase, osteopontin, osteocalcin, bone sialoprotein, core-binding factor (runt-related transcription factor 2), and type I collagen were assessed for each cell line. After culture in osteoinductive culture medium for 14 days, the PDL cells were stained with alizarin red to observe formation of mineralized nodules, and proliferation activity was measured with a CCK-8 kit. A quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay indicated that the two transduced cell lines expressed hTERT levels that were significantly higher than that seen for normal PDL cells. Expression of all osteogenic genes tested, with the exception of osteopontin, was higher for both the adenovirus- and lentivirus-transduced cells relative to normal PDL cells. The expression of bone sialoprotein, osteocalcin, and runt-related transcription factor 2 in adenovirus-transduced cells was significantly higher than that for lentivirus-transduced cells. Alizarin red staining showed that the adenovirus-transduced cell line produced more mineralized nodules than the lentivirus-transduced cell line, whereas a CCK-8 test showed that the adenovirus-transduced cell line had higher proliferation activity than lentivirus-transduced cells. In conclusion, a PDL cell line established by adenovirus transduction had superior osteogenic differentiation and proliferative activity compared to the cell line produced by lentivirus transduction. The results indicate that PDL cells having adenovirus-mediated expression of hTERT would be a more suitable model for studies of PDL regeneration.


Assuntos
Adenoviridae/genética , Lentivirus/genética , Ligamento Periodontal/citologia , Telomerase/genética , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Osteogênese/genética
11.
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol ; 316(3): L567-L577, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30652497

RESUMO

Inhibition of the mevalonate pathway using statins has been shown to be beneficial in the treatment of acute lung injury (ALI). Here, we investigated whether partial inhibition of this pathway by targeting geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthase large subunit 1 (GGPPS1), a catalase downstream of the mevalonate pathway, was effective at treating lung inflammation in ALI. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was intratracheally instilled to induce ALI in lung-specific GGPPS1-knockout and wild-type mice. Expression of GGPPS1 in lung tissues and alveolar epithelial cells was examined. The severity of lung injury and inflammation was determined in lung-specific GGPPS1 knockout and wild-type mice by measuring alveolar exudate, neutrophil infiltration, lung injury, and cell death. Change in global gene expression in response to GGPPS1 depletion was measured using mRNA microarray and verified in vivo and in vitro. We found that GGPPS1 levels increased significantly in lung tissues and alveolar epithelial cells in LPS-induced ALI mice. Compared with wild-type and simvastatin treated mice, the specific deletion of pulmonary GGPPS1 attenuated the severity of lung injury by inhibiting apoptosis of AECs. Furthermore, deletion of GGPPS1 inhibited LPS-induced inflammasome activation, in terms of IL-1ß release and pyroptosis, by downregulating NLRP3 expression. Finally, downregulation of GGPPS1 reduced the membrane expression of Ras-related protein Rab10 and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and inhibited the phosphonation of IκB. This effect might be attributed to the downregulation of GGPP levels. Our results suggested that inhibition of pulmonary GGPPS1 attenuated LPS-induced ALI predominantly by suppressing the NLRP3 inflammasome through Rab10-mediated TLR4 replenishment.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/efeitos dos fármacos , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Animais , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Camundongos Transgênicos , Pneumonia/metabolismo
12.
J Surg Res ; 235: 83-92, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30691855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The topoisomerase 1 (Top1) inhibitor has been reported to inhibit inflammatory genes induced by virus and protect mice from sepsis. Its role in acute lung injury (ALI) remains unknown. This study aimed to explore the effects of topotecan (TPT), a Top 1 inhibitor, in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-ALI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: THP-1 cells were stimulated with LPS and then treated with or without TPT. Inflammatory cytokines expression was measured by ELISA. In vivo, we also detected the effect of TPT in LPS-induced ALI mouse model through hematoxylin-eosin staining of lung tissue and the quantification of total protein, total cell count, and cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. To investigate the effect of TPT on transcriptome levels, microarray analyses were performed. KEGG analysis was applied to determine potential pathways modified by TPT. Microarray results were confirmed by real-time PCR and Western blot. RESULTS: TPT significantly decreased the expression of TNF-α and IL-1ß induced by LPS in THP-1 cells. In an LPS-induced ALI mouse model, TPT significantly attenuated lung injury and decreased the levels of total protein, total cell count, and inflammatory cytokine expression in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Microarray results showed that TPT significantly increased expression of 958 genes and decreased expression of 1400 genes in THP-1 cells upon LPS stimulation. KEGG analysis demonstrated that differentially expressed genes function in multiple signaling pathways, including the nuclear factor (NF)-κB signaling pathway. The downstream gene of NF-κB, including c-IAP1/2, c-FLIP, Bcl-2, IL-8, and VCAM-1, and the phosphorylation of NF-κB p105, p65, and IκB-α were significantly decreased after TPT administration in THP-1 cells. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, TPT attenuates LPS-induced ALI through inhibiting the NF-κB signaling pathway, suggesting that TPT might serve as a useful therapeutic for ALI. Thus, our study has provided new insight for current ALI treatment.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , NF-kappa B/fisiologia , Inibidores da Topoisomerase I/farmacologia , Topotecan/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/biossíntese , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Pulmão/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 105: 204-214, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29857300

RESUMO

Platelets are implicated as key players in the metastatic dissemination of tumor cells. Previous evidence demonstrated platelets retained cytoplasmic RNAs with physiologically activity, splicing pre-mRNA to mRNA and translating into functional proteins in response to external stimulation. Recently, platelets gene profile of healthy or diseased individuals were characterized with the help of RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) in some studies, leading to new insights into the mechanisms underlying disease pathogenesis. In this study, we performed RNA-seq in platelets from 7 healthy individuals and 15 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Our data revealed a subset of near universal differently expressed gene (DEG) profiles in platelets of metastatic NSCLC compared to healthy individuals, including 626 up-regulated RNAs (mRNAs and ncRNAs) and 1497 down-regulated genes. The significant over-expressed genes showed enrichment in focal adhesion, platelets activation, gap junction and adherens junction pathways. The DEGs also included previously reported tumor-related genes such as PDGFR, VEGF, EGF, etc., verifying the consistence and significance of platelet RNA-Seq in oncology study. We also validated several up-regulated DEGs involved in tumor cell-induced platelet aggregation (TCIPA) and tumorigenesis. Additionally, transcriptomic comparison analyses of NSCLC subgroups were conducted. Between non-metastatic and metastatic NSCLC patients, 526 platelet DEGs were identified with the most altered expression. The outcomes from subgroup analysis between lung adenocarcinoma and lung squamous cell carcinoma demonstrated the diagnostic potential of platelet RNA-Seq on distinguishing tumor histological types.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transcriptoma/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Poliadenilação , RNA/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Regulação para Cima/genética
14.
Cytokine ; 110: 381-388, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29803659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of topotecan on injury and inflammation in a model of ventilator-inducedlunginjury (VILI). METHODS: Acute lung injury (ALI) was induced in mice by high-tidal volume ventilation, and the mice were then treated with topotecan or PBS. Lung tissue and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were collected to assess pulmonary vascular leaks, inflammation, and cell apoptosis. RESULTS: Compared to PBS treatment, topotecan significantly decreased the ALI score, myeloperoxidase (MPO) content, total protein concentration, and presence of inflammatory cells and inflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Topotecan also reduced caspase-3 activation and type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cell apoptosis. Moreover, topotecan inhibited NF-κB expression and activation in the VILI model. CONCLUSION: Topotecan alleviates acute lung injury in the model of VILI through the inhibition of the NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Topotecan/farmacologia , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar Induzida por Ventilação Mecânica/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Peroxidase/metabolismo
15.
J Cell Mol Med ; 22(4): 2177-2189, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29377583

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the biological role of geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (GGPPS) in the progression of lung adenocarcinoma. GGPPS expression was detected in lung adenocarcinoma tissues by qRT-PCR, tissue microarray (TMA) and western blotting. The relationships between GGPPS expression and the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma patients were assessed. GGPPS was down-regulated in SPCA-1, PC9 and A549 cells using siRNA and up-regulated in A549 cells using an adenoviral vector. The biological roles of GGPPS in cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion were determined by MTT and colony formation assays, flow cytometry, and transwell and wound-healing assays, respectively. In addition, the regulatory roles of GGPPS on the expression of several epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers were determined. Furthermore, the Rac1/Cdc42 prenylation was detected after knockdown of GGPPS in SPCA-1 and PC9 cells. GGPPS expression was significantly increased in lung adenocarcinoma tissues compared to that in adjacent normal tissues. Overexpression of GGPPS was correlated with large tumours, high TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis in patients. Knockdown of GGPPS inhibited the migration and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells, but did not affect cell proliferation and apoptosis. Meanwhile, GGPPS inhibition significantly increased the expression of E-cadherin and reduced the expression of N-cadherin and vimentin in lung adenocarcinoma cells. In addition, the Rac1/Cdc42 geranylgeranylation was reduced by GGPPS knockdown. Overexpression of GGPPS correlates with poor prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma and contributes to metastasis through regulating EMT.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/enzimologia , Farnesiltranstransferase/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Idoso , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Farnesiltranstransferase/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Prenilação de Proteína , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/genética , Proteína cdc42 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Proteínas rac1 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
16.
Clin Respir J ; 12(4): 1607-1614, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28960939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulate a variety of genes and biological processes. Lnc-IL7R plays a considerable role in the regulation of inflammation, but its prognostic potential in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has not been fully explained. In this study, the role of lnc-IL7R as a potential biomarker in ARDS was examined. OBJECTIVE: Role of lnc-IL7R as potential biomarker in ARDS. METHODS: LncRNA-IL7R was isolated from the plasma of patients with ARDS and healthy controls and clinical indexes were obtained within 24 h after admission. The relative expression of lnc-IL7R was obtained by quantitative real-time PCR. The correlations between lnc-IL7R and continuous variables in ARDS were tested using Spearman's coefficients. RESULTS: A total of 85 ARDS patients and 49 healthy controls were included. Plasma lnc-IL7R was significantly down-regulated in ARDS compared with the levels in healthy control individuals, especially in severe ARDS (P < .01). The area under the curve (AUC) of lnc-IL7R for ARDS diagnosis was 0.87 (sensitivity 75.3%, specificity 93.9%). The lnc-IL7R levels were correlated with the severity of ARDS (ρ = -0.31, P = .0215), oxygenation index (ρ = 0.61, P < .001), APACHE II score (ρ = -0.04, P = .0230), CRP (ρ = -0.26, P = .0148) and WBC (ρ = -0.29, P = .0064). Lnc-IL7R relative value ≥ 0.33 showed the lower 28-day mortality in the patients with ARDS(P < .05).The survivors showed higher lnc-IL7R level and lower APACHE II score, SOFA score and length of mechanical ventilation than in the non-survivors (P = .0109, P < .001, P < .001 and P = .017, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Lnc-IL7R is a novel biomarker for the diagnosis of ARDS and predicts the severity of ARDS and 28-day mortality in this patients cohort. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR-DOD-16008657).


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , RNA Longo não Codificante/sangue , Receptores de Interleucina-7/sangue , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Curva ROC , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Receptores de Interleucina-7/genética , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/genética , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto/terapia
17.
Oncotarget ; 8(42): 73258-73270, 2017 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29069867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the efficacy profile of erlotinib-based doublet targeted therapy compared with erlotinib monotherapy for previously treated patients with advanced NSCLC, a meta-analysis was performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We rigorously searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and meeting proceedings. Phase II/III randomized trials reporting on the efficacy of erlotinib-doublet therapy versus single-agent therapy were selected. We estimated the HR for OS, PFS and the RR for ORR, DCR, 1-year SR. Phases of trials, targeted signaling pathways, EGFR-status and KRAS- status were included in subset analysis. RESULTS: 24 studies involving 6,196 patients were eligible. In general, the combination targeted therapy significantly improved PFS, ORR and DCR. There was also a trend showing improved OS and 1-year SR in doublets group, though it was not statistically significant. Subgroup analysis suggested PFS improvement in EGFR wild-type, KRAS mutant, KRAS wild-type populations. Moreover, patients treated with anti-angiogenesis or anti-MET targeted agent revealed a significant benefit in PFS. CONCLUSION: In patients with advanced NSCLC, erlotinib-doublets target therapy (specially combination with anti-angiogenesis and anti-MET targeted agents) was associated with a statistically significantly longer PFS, greater ORR and DCR, but the combination did not improve OS and 1-year SR compared with erlotinib alone.

18.
J Thorac Dis ; 9(7): 2054-2060, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28840006

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protein regulator of cytokinesis-1 (PRC1) has been shown to participate in the completion of cytokinesis, and it is dysregulated in cancer processes. However, its relevance in lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) remained largely unknown. We aimed to study the expression pattern of PRC1 and assess its clinical significance in lung SCC. METHODS: PRC1 protein expression in human lung SCC and adjacent normal lung tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry. PRC1 expression was assessed in association with clinicopathological features and clinical outcomes of lung SCC patients. RESULTS: In lung SCC tissues, PRC1 protein expression was significantly higher than those in paired normal lung tissues. The lung SCC patients with PRC1 overexpression had an advanced pathological stage (TNM stage), positive lymph node metastasis, and a shorter overall survival (OS) time more frequently than patients with low PRC1 expression. Additional, PRC1 expression was also shown to be poor as a prognostic factor for OS in patients with lung SCC. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that aberrant expression of PRC1 may point to biochemical recurrence in lung SCC. This highlights its potential as a valuable prognostic marker for lung SCC.

19.
Mol Cancer ; 16(1): 108, 2017 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28646916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protein regulator of cytokinesis-1 (PRC1) belongs to the microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) family, and is involved in cytokinesis. Recent investigations suggest PRC1 involvement in human carcinogenesis, including breast carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma and etc. However, whether PRC1 contributes to lung adenocarcinoma tumorigenesis remains unknown. METHODS: Quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), Western blotting and Immunohistochemical staining (IHC) were used to evaluate and contrast the PRC1 expression profile in lung adenocarcinoma and adjacent normal lung tissues. We examined the clinical use of PRC1 in lung adenocarcinoma prognosis. Additionally, the tumorigenesis impact of PRC1 in lung adenocarcinoma cells was verified via in vitro and in vivo metastasis and tumorigenesis assays. Notably, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) was performed to investigate the molecular mechanism underlying the oncogenic role of PRC1 in lung adenocarcinoma. RESULTS: PRC1 mRNA and protein expressions were upregulated in lung adenocarcinoma tissues compared to adjacent normal lung tissues. PRC1 protein overexpression correlated with lymph node metastasis and was an independent poor prognostic factor for lung adenocarcinoma patients. Our data implied that PRC1 depletion limited the proliferation and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells in vitro and lowered tumor development and lung metastasis in vivo. Remarkably, limiting PRC1 substantially prompted G2/M phase cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Mechanistically, by conducting NGS on PRC1-depleted A549 cells and control cells, we discovered that PRC1 expression was significantly correlated with the Wnt signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: This investigation offers confirmation that PRC1 is a prognostic and promising therapeutic biomarker for people with lung adenocarcinoma and takes on a key part in the activation of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in lung adenocarcinoma development.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/fisiologia , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Idoso , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
20.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 6(1): 23-34, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28331821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the release of the National Lung Screening Trial results, the detection of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) is likely to increase. Computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB) and radial probe endobronchial ultrasound (r-EBUS)-guided transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) are recommended for tissue diagnosis of PPLs. METHODS: A systematic review of published literature evaluating the accuracy of r-EBUS-TBLB and CT-PTNB for the diagnosis of PPLs was performed to determine point sensitivity and specificity, and to construct a summary receiver-operating characteristic curve. RESULTS: This review included 31 publications dealing with EBUS-TBLB and 14 publications dealing with CT-PTNB for the diagnosis of PPLs. EBUS-TBLB had point sensitivity of 0.69 (95% CI: 0.67-0.71) for the diagnosis of peripheral lung cancer (PLC), which was lower than the sensitivity of CT-PTNB (0.94, 95% CI: 0.94-0.95). However, the complication rates observed with EBUS-TBLB were lower than those reported for CT-PTNB. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis showed that EBUS-TBLB is a safe and relatively accurate tool in the investigation of PLC. Although the yield remains lower than that of CT-PTNB, the procedural risks are lower.

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