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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4187-4192, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467731

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore the effect of nuclear factor erythroid 2 related factor 2(Nrf2)/heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) signaling pathway in intestinal protection by Sishen Pills against ulcerative colitis(UC). After the UC model was induced by 3% dextran sodium sulfate(DSS), experimental animals were randomly divided into control group, model group, salazosulfapyridine(SASP) group, and low-and high-dose Sishen Pills groups. Drug intervention(ig) was performed for seven consecutive days during modeling. On the 7 th day, the mice were euthanized. The body weight and colon length were recorded, and the histopathological changes of the colon were observed by HE staining. Serum interleukin-6(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), total antioxidant capacity(T-AOC), malondialdehyde(MDA), and reactive oxygen species(ROS) were detected by ELISA. The protein and mRNA expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and NADPH quinine oxidoreductase-1(NQO-1) was determined by Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited reduced body weight, colon length, and T-AOC, increased IL-6, TNF-α, MDA, and ROS, and diminished protein and mRNA expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO-1 in the colon tissues. Compared with the model group, the SASP group and high-dose Sishen Pills group showed elevated body weight, colon length, and T-AOC, lowered IL-6, TNF-α, MDA, and ROS levels, and increased protein and mRNA expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO-1 in the colon tissues. As assessed by HE staining, Sishen Pills could improve the pathological changes of the colon. The findings suggested that Sishen Pills could protect the colon against UC induced by 3% DSS. The specific mechanism of action may be related to the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative stress effects by the activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Sulfato de Dextrana , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
2.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4065, 2021 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210971

RESUMO

Strategies that enable intermolecular site-selective C-H bond functionalisation of organic molecules provide one of the cornerstones of modern chemical synthesis. In chloroalkane synthesis, such methods for intermolecular site-selective aliphatic C-H bond chlorination have, however, remained conspicuously rare. Here, we present a copper(I)-catalysed synthetic method for the efficient site-selective C(sp3)-H bond chlorination of ketones, (E)-enones and alkylbenzenes by dichloramine-T at room temperature. A key feature of the broad substrate scope is tolerance to unsaturation, which would normally pose an immense challenge in chemoselective aliphatic C-H bond functionalisation. By unlocking dichloramine-T's potential as a chlorine radical atom source, the product site-selectivities achieved are among the most selective in alkane functionalisation and should find widespread utility in chemical synthesis. This is exemplified by the late-stage site-selective modification of a number of natural products and bioactive compounds, and gram-scale preparation and formal synthesis of two drug molecules.


Assuntos
Domínio Catalítico , Cobre/química , Cetonas/química , Sulfonamidas/química , Produtos Biológicos/química , Carbono/química , Catálise , Halogenação , Hidrogênio/química , Temperatura
3.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 265, 2020 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of hospitalized patients after emergent endotracheal intubation (ETI) remains poor. Our aim was to evaluate the 30-d hospitalization mortality of subjects undergoing ETI during daytime or off-hours and to analyze the possible risk factors affecting mortality. METHODS: A single-center retrospective study was performed at a university teaching facility from January 2015 to December 2018. All adult inpatients who received ETI in the general ward were included. Information on patient demographics, vital signs, ICU (Intensive care unit) admission, intubation time (daytime or off-hours), the department in which ETI was performed (surgical ward or medical ward), intubation reasons, and 30-d hospitalization mortality after ETI were obtained from a database. RESULTS: Over a four-year period, 558 subjects were analyzed. There were more male than female in both groups (115 [70.1%] vs 275 [69.8%]; P = 0.939). A total of 394 (70.6%) patients received ETI during off-hours. The patients who received ETI during the daytime were older than those who received ETI during off-hours (64.95 ± 17.54 vs 61.55 ± 17.49; P = 0.037). The BMI of patients who received ETI during the daytime was also higher than that of patients who received ETI during off-hours (23.08 ± 3.38 vs 21.97 ± 3.25; P < 0.001). The 30-d mortality after ETI was 66.8% (373), which included 68.0% (268) during off-hours and 64.0% (105) during the daytime (P = 0.361). Multivariate Cox regression analysis found that the significant factors for the risk of death within 30 days included ICU admission (HR 0.312, 0.176-0.554) and the department in which ETI was performed (HR 0.401, 0.247-0.653). CONCLUSIONS: The 30-d hospitalization mortality after ETI was 66.8%, and off-hours presentation was not significantly associated with mortality. ICU admission and ETI performed in the surgical ward were significant factors for decreasing the risk of death within 30 days. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was retrospectively registered with the registration number of ChiCTR2000038549 .

4.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(17): 5834-5841, 2018 05 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29631393

RESUMO

An efficient chiral Brønsted acid-catalyzed enantioselective dehydrative Nazarov-type electrocyclization (DNE) of electron-rich aryl- and 2-thienyl-ß-amino-2-en-1-ols is described. The 4π conrotatory electrocyclization reaction affords access to a wide variety of the corresponding 1 H-indenes and 4 H-cyclopenta[ b]thiophenes in excellent yields of up to 99% and enantiomeric excess (ee) values of up to 99%. Experimental and computational studies based on a proposed intimate contact ion-pair species that is further assisted by hydrogen bonding between the amino group of the substrate cation and chiral catalyst anion provide insight into the observed product enantioselectivities.

5.
J Org Chem ; 82(6): 2826-2834, 2017 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28225621

RESUMO

A synthetic method to prepare partially hydrogenated isoquinolines efficiently from silver-mediated [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement/Diels-Alder reaction of 1,9-dien-4-yne esters is described. The reactions were shown to be robust with a wide variety of substitution patterns tolerated to provide the corresponding nitrogen-containing heterocyclic products in good to excellent yields. This includes examples containing a bridgehead sp3 quaternary carbon center as well as the cycloisomerization of one substrate to give the corresponding bicyclic adduct in excellent yield at the gram scale.

6.
Clin Interv Aging ; 10: 1223-31, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26300631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Geriatric patients with femoral neck fracture (FNF) have unacceptably high rates of postoperative complications and mortality. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of epidural anesthesia versus peripheral nerve block (PNB) on postoperative outcomes in elderly Chinese patients with FNF. METHODS: This retrospective study explored mortality and postoperative complications in geriatric patients with FNF who underwent epidural anesthesia or PNB at the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2008 to December 2012. The electronic database at the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital includes discharge records for all patients treated in the hospital. Information on patient demographics, preoperative comorbidity, postoperative complications, type of anesthesia used, and in-hospital, 30-day, and 1-year mortality after surgery was obtained from this database. RESULTS: Two hundred and fifty-eight patients were identified for analysis. The mean patient age was 79.7 years, and 71.7% of the patients were women. In-hospital, 30-day, and 1-year postoperative mortality was 4.3%, 12.4%, and 22.9%, respectively, and no differences in mortality or cardiovascular complications were found between patients who received epidural anesthesia and those who received PNB. More patients with dementia or delirium were given PNB. No statistically significant differences were found between groups for other comorbidities or intraoperative parameters. The most common complications were acute cardiovascular events (23.6%), electrolyte disturbances (20.9%), and hypoxemia (18.2%). Patients who received PNB had more postoperative delirium (P=0.027). Postoperative acute respiratory events were more common (P=0.048) and postoperative stroke was less common (P=0.018) in the PNB group. There were fewer admissions to intensive care (P=0.024) in the epidural anesthesia group. Key factors with a negative influence on mortality were acute cardiovascular events, dementia, male sex, age, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, acute respiratory events, intensive care admission, and comorbidities. CONCLUSION: PNB was not associated with lower mortality or lower cardiovascular complication rates when compared with epidural anesthesia in elderly patients with FNF.


Assuntos
Anestesia Epidural/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Bloqueio Nervoso/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Demência/epidemiologia , Feminino , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23892344

RESUMO

A novel and rapid method for the determination of streptomycin has been established by chemiluminescence (CL) based on significant intensity enhancement of streptomycin on the weak CL of N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) and eosin in alkaline medium. The method is simple, rapid and effective to determine streptomycin in the range of 8.0×10(-9)-1.0×10(-6)gmL(-1) with a determination limit of 2.25×10(-9)gmL(-1). The relative standard deviation is 1.95% for the determination of 2.0×10(-7)gmL(-1) streptomycin (n=11). The pharmacokinetics of streptomycin in plasma of rat coincides with the two-compartment open model. The T1/2α, T1/2ß, CL/F, AUC(0-t), MRT, Tmax and Cmax were 18.83±1.24min, 82.14±3.07min, 0.0026±0.0011Lkg(-1)min(-1), 36044.50±105.02mgmin(-1)L(-1), 92.29±8.21min, 21.63±1.26min and 375.61±8.50µgmL(-1), respectively. There was no significant difference between the results obtained by CL and HPLC. The FI-CL method can be used to determine streptomycin in pharmaceutical preparation and biological samples. The established method is simple, rapid and sensitive without expensive instruments. The possible enhancement mechanism was also investigated.


Assuntos
Análise de Injeção de Fluxo/métodos , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Preparações Farmacêuticas/química , Estreptomicina/sangue , Estreptomicina/farmacocinética , Animais , Bromosuccinimida/química , Amarelo de Eosina-(YS)/química , Análise de Injeção de Fluxo/instrumentação , Cinética , Medições Luminescentes/instrumentação , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Estreptomicina/química
8.
Luminescence ; 28(4): 536-41, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23436468

RESUMO

A simple and sensitive flow injection chemiluminescence method has been developed for the determination of ferulic acid (FA) based on the significant enhancement effect of FA on the CL signal of the N-bromobutanimide (NBS)-eosin-CrCl3 system in alkaline solution. Under optimum conditions, the enhanced CL intensity is linearly related to the concentration of FA in its pharmaceutical preparations and human plasma samples. The corresponding linear regression equations were established over the 4.0 × 10(-10)-1.0 × 10(-7) g/mL for FA tablets and 2.0 × 10(-10)-1.0 × 10(-7) g/mL for plasma samples. The limit of detection for FA tablets and limit of quantification for plasma samples were 2.8 × 10(-10) g/mL (3 σ) and 3.04 × 10(-10) g/mL (10 σ), respectively. A complete analysis could be performed within 40 s, including washing and sampling, giving a throughput of ≈90/h. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of FA in pharmaceutical preparations and human plasma samples with satisfactory results. The recoveries of pharmaceutical preparations and human plasma samples at three different concentrations were 97.8-102.6% and 96.7-104.0%, respectively. Furthermore, the possible mechanism of CL reactions was also discussed briefly.


Assuntos
Cloretos/química , Compostos de Cromo/química , Ácidos Cumáricos/análise , Amarelo de Eosina-(YS)/química , Análise de Injeção de Fluxo/métodos , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Hidróxido de Sódio/química , Succinimidas/química , Análise de Injeção de Fluxo/instrumentação , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Cinética , Medições Luminescentes/instrumentação , Estrutura Molecular , Soluções , Comprimidos/química
9.
Luminescence ; 28(3): 270-4, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22522659

RESUMO

A novel flow-injection chemiluminescence (FI-CL) method is described for the determination of 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME). The method is based on the inhibitory effect of 2-ME on the CL reaction of luminol and potassium ferricyanide in alkaline solution. Under optimal conditions, net CL intensity was proportional to 2-ME concentration in synthetic and mouse plasma samples. Corresponding linear regression equations were 8.0 x 10(-9) -1.0 x 10(-7) g/mL for synthetic samples and 2.0 x 10(-9) -1.0 x 10(-7) g/mL for plasma samples. Detection limit for synthetic samples and limits for quantification of plasma samples were 8.4 x 10(-10) g/mL (3σ) for synthetic samples and 4.0 x 10(-9) g/mL for mouse samples. A complete analysis was performed for 60 s, including washing and sampling, resulting in a throughput of ≈ 60/h. The proposed method was applied for the determination of 2-ME in synthetic and mouse plasma samples. Percentage recoveries were 101.0-102.8% and 98.0-105.0%, respectively. A possible mechanism responsible for CL reaction is proposed.


Assuntos
Estradiol/análogos & derivados , Ferricianetos/química , Análise de Injeção de Fluxo/métodos , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Luminol/química , 2-Metoxiestradiol , Animais , Estradiol/sangue , Ferricianetos/antagonistas & inibidores , Limite de Detecção , Camundongos
10.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 125(20): 3719-24, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23075731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous papers indicate that flurbiprofen axetil (FA), a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, is a promising therapeutic strategy for cerebral ischemia in rats. This study aimed to investigate whether FA could promote a neuroprotective effect by activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) after focal cerebral ischemia in rats. METHODS: Totally 48 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned into six groups (n = 8 in each group): animals in group ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) only received 120-minute transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO); animals in group I/R + FA were administered FA (10 mg/kg) by caudal vein just after 120-minute tMCAO; animals in group I/R + FA + GW9662 were administered GW9662 (a PPAR-γ inhibitor, 1 mg/kg) intraperitoneally 30 minutes before cerebral ischemia onset and FA (10 mg/kg) by caudal vein just after 120-minute tMCAO; animals in group I/R + GW9662 were administered GW9662 (1 mg/kg) intraperitoneally 30 minutes before cerebral ischemia onset; animals in group I/R + DMSO were administered 3% DMSO (vehicle of GW9662, 1 ml/kg) intraperitoneally 30 minutes before cerebral ischemia onset; animals in sham group experienced the identical surgery apart from the insertion of the nylon filament. The neurologic deficit score (NDS) were performed at 72 hours after reperfusion, and then mean brain infarct volume percentage (MBIVP) was determined with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) 10 g/L staining. RESULTS: NDS was significantly increased in group I/R + FA (12.0 (10.0 - 15.0)), group I/R + FA + GW9662 (10.0 (8.0 - 12.0)), and in group I/R + FA + DMSO (12.0 (9.0 - 14.0)) at 72 hours after reperfusion compared with those in group I/R (7.5 (6.0 - 10.0)). NDS was conspicuously different between group I/R + FA (12.0 (10.0 - 15.0)) and group I/R + FA + GW9662 (10.0 (8.0 - 12.0)). MBIVP in group I/R ((45.82 - 8.83)%) was significantly greater than that in group I/R + FA ((23.52 - 9.90)%), group I/R + FA + GW9662 ((33.17 - 7.15)%); MBIVP in group I/R + FA ((23.52 - 9.90)%) was significantly smaller than that in group I/R + FA + GW9662 ((33.17 - 7.15)%). CONCLUSIONS: FA confers the neuroprotective effect on tMCAO in rats and the selective PPAR-γ antagonist GW9662 attenuates the effect of FA. FA could promote a neuroprotective effect by, or in part, activation of PPAR-γ after focal cerebral ischemia in rats.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/farmacologia , Flurbiprofeno/análogos & derivados , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , PPAR gama/fisiologia , Animais , Flurbiprofeno/farmacologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
11.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 30(2): 158-65, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22095881

RESUMO

2-Methoxyestradiol (2-ME) is an endogenous metabolite of 17ß-estradiol. In this study, we determined the antitumour activities of 2-ME on the well-differentiated EC9706 esophageal carcinoma cells in vitro. 2-ME had a strong antiproliferative effect on EC9706 cells and caused an increase in the population of apoptotic cells, detected by flow cytometry. A significant number of cells were blocked in the G(2)/M phase of the cell cycle. 2-ME-treated cells demonstrated an increase in cyclin B1 and c-Myc protein levels, as well as an increase in the percentage of G(2)/M phase. Their up-regulation may be involved in 2-ME-induced apoptosis and G(2)/M cell cycle arrest of the EC9706 cells, and it precedes the onset of apoptosis.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma/fisiopatologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclina B1/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/fisiopatologia , Estradiol/análogos & derivados , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , 2-Metoxiestradiol , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ciclina B1/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Estradiol/farmacologia , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo
12.
Pharmazie ; 64(6): 410-4, 2009 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19618681

RESUMO

Clinical and animal studies have revealed significant cognitive impairment in type II diabetic subjects. However, whether there is a relationship between insulin resistance and cognitive function is poorly understood. In the present study, we used a high fat diet to induce insulin resistance (IR) in rats, insulin sensitivity index (ISI) (= FINS x FPG/22.5) to assess the extent of insulin resistance and the Morris Water Maze Task to judge cognitive function. The relationship between insulin sensitivity index and cognitive function was determined by analysing the correlation between ISI and the time rat spent in targeted quadrant, as well as between ISI and the times the rat swam across the very point where a platform was previously placed, using Pearson's method. Perfect negative correlation between ISI and cognitive function existed when ISI fell within a certain range, which indicates that insulin resistance is associated with cognitive function impairment in some cases where ISI might be an indicator.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Animais , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Comportamento Animal/fisiologia , Glicemia/metabolismo , Intolerância à Glucose , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Indicadores e Reagentes , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Desempenho Psicomotor/efeitos dos fármacos , Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ganho de Peso
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