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1.
Lancet Haematol ; 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35512726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adults with acute myeloid leukaemia have unsatisfactory clinical outcomes and rates of complete remission. Venetoclax combined with azacytidine or low-dose cytarabine has shown efficacy in adults aged 75 years or older (or 18-74 years with comorbidities precluding intensive chemotherapy) with acute myeloid leukaemia. We aimed to investigate the activity and safety of venetoclax plus 3+7 daunorubicin and cytarabine chemotherapy in adults with acute myeloid leukaemia. METHODS: We conducted a two-stage, single-arm, phase 2 trial at three public hospitals in China. We enrolled patients aged 18-60 years with previously untreated de novo acute myeloid leukaemia and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-2. Patients received induction treatment with intravenous daunorubicin (60 mg/m2 on days 1-3), intravenous cytarabine (100 mg/m2 on days 1-7), and oral venetoclax (100 mg on day 4, 200 mg on day 5, and 400 mg on days 6-11; DAV regimen). For induction therapy, the length of the treatment was 28-35 days per cycle and the number of treatment cycles was one or two. The primary endpoint was the composite complete remission rate (complete remission plus complete remission with incomplete blood cell count recovery) after one cycle of induction treatment, assessed in the as-treated population. Secondary endpoints were bone marrow measurable residual disease by flow cytometry, event-free survival, overall survival, and adverse events. This trial is ongoing and is registered with Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2000041509. FINDINGS: Between Dec 25, 2020, and July 7, 2021, 36 patients were assessed for eligibility and 33 were enrolled. 15 (45%) patients were men and 18 (55%) were women, and all were Asian. The composite complete remission rate after one cycle of DAV regimen was 91% (95% CI 76-98; 30 of 33 patients) in the entire cohort. 29 (97%) of 30 patients who reached complete remission had undetectable measurable residual disease (ie, <0·1%). Grade 3 or worse adverse events included neutropenia in 33 (100%) of 33 patients, thrombocytopenia in 33 (100%), anaemia in 33 (100%), febrile neutropenia in 18 (55%), pneumonia in seven (21%), and sepsis in four (12%). No treatment-related deaths occurred. With a median follow-up of 11 months (IQR 9-12), estimated 1-year overall survival was 97% (95% CI 91-100) and 1-year event-free survival was 72% (56-94). INTERPRETATION: The DAV regimen represents an effective induction therapy for newly diagnosed adults with acute myeloid leukaemia, which resulted in a high rate of complete remission. These findings are an important contribution to the field, showing a safe strategy to incorporate venetoclax into the most common induction regimen used to treat newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia internationally. FUNDING: Leading Innovative and Entrepreneur Team Introduction Program of Zhejiang, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Key Research and Development Program of Zhejiang. TRANSLATION: For the Chinese translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.

2.
Zool Res ; 43(3): 469-480, 2022 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35514224

RESUMO

Effective conservation of threatened biota relies on accurate assessments and scientific guidance. As an unfortunate example, Chinese giant salamanders ( Andrias, CGS) remain critically endangered in nature. Misguided conservation efforts, e.g., commercial propagation and releasing of millions of likely non-indigenous or interspecific hybrids, have further compromised conservation initiatives. Limited information on wild populations of CGS poses a significant conservation challenge. Following 18-month long field monitoring, we now report the discovery of a wild population of CGS in a closed nature reserve in Jiangxi Province, China. Genomic assessments reveal its genetic distinctiveness and do not detect genetic admixture with other species. Based on morphological and molecular evidences, we describe this CGS as a new species Andrias jiangxiensis sp. nov. This is the only known species of CGS today with a genetically pure, reproducing, in situ population. This discovery emphasizes the important role that closed nature reserves play in protecting species, and the necessity of integrating long-term field monitoring and genetic assessments. It sets a new pathway for discovering and conserving endangered species, especially for those biotas that are similarly being extirpated by anthropogenic translocations and overexploitation.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Espécies em Perigo de Extinção , Animais , China , Urodelos/genética
3.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 74(2): 201-208, 2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503067

RESUMO

The shivering and nonshivering thermogenesis in skeletal muscles is important for maintaining body temperature in a cold environment. In addition to nervous-humoral regulation, adipose tissue was demonstrated to directly respond to cold in a cell-autonomous manner to produce heat. However, whether skeletal muscle can directly respond to low temperature in an autoregulatory manner is unknown. Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels TRPM8 and TRPA1 are two important cold sensors. In the current study, we found TRPM8 was expressed in mouse skeletal muscle tissue and C2C12 myotubes by RT-PCR. After exposure to 33 °C for 6 h, the gene expression pattern of C2C12 myotubes was significantly changed which was evidenced by RNA-sequencing. KEGG-Pathway enrichment analysis of these differentially expressed genes showed that low temperature changed several important signaling pathways, such as IL-17, TNFα, MAPK, FoxO, Hedgehog, Hippo, Toll-like receptor, Notch, and Wnt signaling pathways. Protein-protein interaction network analysis revealed that IL-6 gene was a key gene which was directly affected by low temperature in skeletal muscle cells. In addition, both mRNA and protein levels of IL-6 were increased by 33 °C exposure in C2C12 myotubes. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that skeletal muscle cells could directly respond to low temperature, characterized by upregulated expression of IL-6 in skeletal muscle cells.


Assuntos
Temperatura Baixa , Interleucina-6 , Animais , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Temperatura
4.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560858

RESUMO

Amylose content is a crucial physicochemical property responsible for the eating and cooking quality of rice (Oryza sativa L.) grain and is mainly controlled by the Waxy (Wx) gene. Previous studies have identified several Dull genes that modulate the expression of the Wxb allele in japonica rice by affecting the splicing efficiency of the Wxb pre-mRNA. Here, we uncover dual roles for a novel Dull gene in pre-mRNA splicing and microRNA processing. We isolated the dull mutant, du13, with a dull endosperm and low amylose content. Map-based cloning showed that Du13 encodes a C2 H2 zinc-finger protein. Du13 coordinates with the nuclear cap-binding complex to regulate the splicing of Wxb transcripts in rice endosperm. Moreover, Du13 also regulates alternative splicing of other protein-coding transcripts and affects the biogenesis of a subset of microRNAs. Our results reveal an evolutionarily conserved link between pre-mRNA splicing and microRNA biogenesis in rice endosperm. Our findings also provide new insights into the functions of Dull genes in rice and expand our knowledge of microRNA biogenesis in monocots.

5.
J Sep Sci ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35562644

RESUMO

In this study, a new method for determination of fipronil and its three metabolites in environmental water samples was developed based on meltblown nonwoven fabric solid-phase extraction combining with gas chromatography-electron capture detection. As the core material of medical mask, meltblown nonwoven fabric is made of polypropylene superfine fibers which are randomly distributed and bonded together with a relatively large specific surface area and good permeability. Polypropylene as a high molecular hydrocarbon-based polymer, has the characteristics of good hydrophobicity and lipophilicity, which can be applied for separation and enrichment of hydrophobic substances in food, environment and biology samples. The meltblown nonwoven fabric is soft and can fill the solid-phase extraction cartridge tightly. This aspect also makes it suitable to be used as an ideal solid-phase extraction sorbent. A series of parameters influencing the extraction efficiency were investigated, and under the optimized conditions, fipronil and its three metabolites had good linear relationship in the range of 0.2-100 µg/L with correlation coefficient R2 more than 0.999. The recoveries at three spiked concentrations were in the range of 99.2-107.3% with the relative standard deviations less than 9.8% (intra-day) and 8.1% (inter-day). The limit of detection for the four target analytes were in the range of 0.02-0.06 µg/L. Finally, this method was successfully applied in the analysis of fipronil and its three metabolites in various types of environmental water samples. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

6.
Int J Clin Pharm ; 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35438473

RESUMO

Background Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) refers to liver damage caused by drugs. DILI poses a significant challenge in the development of new drugs. The management of DILI mainly involves the withdrawal of the offending drug, and there is a lack of specific therapy. This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of compound glycyrrhizin (CG) injections in DILI patients. Aim To evaluate the efficacy and safety of compound glycyrrhizin injections in DILI treatment. Methods The clinical data of DILI patients were collected from a nationwide DILI database. Patients were divided into two groups: the compound glycyrrhizin (CG) group who received CG injections, and the control group who received no treatment. The propensity score matching (PSM) method was applied to obtain an even distribution of characteristics between the two groups. The efficacy of the CG injections was assessed by the analysis of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels between the two groups. Results There were 152 patients in the compound glycyrrhizin group and 512 patients in the control group. The PSM method was used to acquire 152 matched pairs. The compound glycyrrhizin group had a significantly higher overall ALT and AST normalization rate than the control group (43.42% vs. 24.34%, p = 0.0004 and 63.82% vs. 38.82%, p ≤ .0001). There was no difference in the levels of renal and serum biochemical parameters between the two groups. Conclusions CG injections are effective in reducing ALT and AST levels in DILI patients, and their safety is comparable to the control group.

7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(15): e2120787119, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385357

RESUMO

SignificanceWe provide transcriptomic insights into differences between pediatric and adult T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) patients through an international collaborative effort integrating RNA-sequencing data of 707 patients. Ten subtypes were identified, each characterized by distinct gene mutation profiles and dysregulated expression signatures of leukemogenic factors, and associated with T cell development stages. Adult T-ALL tends to have characteristics of early T cell precursor ALL, mostly corresponding to the mixed phenotype acute leukemia, whereas pediatric T-ALL shows a wide spectrum of aberrant molecular features, from early T cell precursor to mature T cell compartments. Our findings have important implications for disease mechanism of T-ALL that differs between pediatric and adult patients, facilitating further refined targeted therapy.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras , Transcriptoma , Criança , Humanos , Mutação , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/genética
8.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 424, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obg-like ATPase 1 (OLA1) is a highly conserved GTPase, which was over expressed in a variety of malignant tumors, but its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) was poorly studied. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three public CRC gene databases were applied for OLA1 mRNA expression detection. The clinical data of 111 CRC patients were retrospectively collected from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University (SAHZU) for OLA1 protein expression and Kaplan-Meier Survival analysis. OLA1 stably knocked out CRC cell lines were conducted by CRISPR-Cas9 for experiments in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: OLA1 was highly expressed in 84% CRC compared to matched surrounding tissues. Patients with OLA1 high expression had a significantly lower 5-year survival rate (47%) than those with OLA1 low expression (75%). OLA1 high expression was an independent factor of poor prognosis in CRC patients. OLA1-KO CRC cell lines showed lower ability of growth and tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo. By mRNA sequence analysis, we found 113 differential express genes in OLA1-KO cell lines, of which 63 were hypoxic related. HIF1α was a key molecule in hypoxic regulation. Further molecular mechanisms showed HIF1α /CA9 mRNA and/or protein levels were heavily downregulated in OLA1-KO cell lines, which could explain the impaired tumorigenesis. According to previous studies, HIF1α was a downstream gene of GSK3ß, we verified GSK3ß was over-activated in OLA1-KO cell lines. CONCLUSION: OLA1 was a new gene that was associated with carcinogenesis and poor outcomes in CRC by activation of HIF1α/CA9 axis, which may be interpreted by GSK3ß.


Assuntos
Adenosina Trifosfatases , Neoplasias Colorretais , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Antígenos de Neoplasias , Anidrase Carbônica IX/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0264174, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390003

RESUMO

The house mouse or Mus musculus has become a premier mammalian model for genetic research due to its genetic and physiological similarities to humans. It brought mechanistic insights into numerous human diseases and has been routinely used to assess drug efficiency and toxicity, as well as to predict patient responses. To facilitate molecular mechanism studies in mouse, we present the Mouse Interactome Database (MID, Version 1), which includes 155,887 putative functional associations between mouse protein-coding genes inferred from functional association evidence integrated from 9 public databases. These putative functional associations are expected to cover 19.32% of all mouse protein interactions, and 26.02% of these function associations may represent protein interactions. On top of MID, we developed a gene set linkage analysis (GSLA) web tool to annotate potential functional impacts from observed differentially expressed genes. Two case studies show that the MID/GSLA system provided precise and informative annotations that other widely used gene set annotation tools, such as PANTHER and DAVID, did not. Both MID and GSLA are accessible through the website http://mouse.biomedtzc.cn.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Mamíferos , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos
10.
Front Chem ; 10: 867318, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433636

RESUMO

Matrine is an alkaloid extracted from traditional Chinese herbs including Sophora flavescentis, Sophora alopecuroides, Sophora root, etc. It has the dual advantages of traditional Chinese herbs and chemotherapy drugs. It exhibits distinct benefits in preventing and improving chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and tumors. The review introduced recent research progresses on extraction, synthesis and derivatization of Matrine. The summary focused on the latest research advances of Matrine on anti-atherosclerosis, anti-hypertension, anti-ischemia reperfusion injury, anti-arrhythmia, anti-diabetic cardiovascular complications, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterium, anti-virus, which would provide new core structures and new insights for new drug development in related fields.

12.
Vascular ; : 17085381221083161, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35422197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Inadvertent arterial catheterization can occur during transjugular central venous catheter insertion and should be promptly treated to prevent serious consequences. Although many treatment modalities are available, no exist guidelines regarding the selection of treatment. We aimed to describe our experience with the treatment of 11 patients who underwent inadvertent cervical arterial catheterization and propose an algorithm for the selection of treatment methods. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all patients who were treated for inadvertent arterial catheterization at our center between January 2016 and March 2021. We reviewed patient profiles, images, treatment methods, and follow-up data. RESULTS: Eleven patients were included (eight men and three women, age: 36-73 years). Ten catheter misplacements were in the right common carotid artery. The remaining catheter was inserted into the right subclavian artery after penetrating the right common carotid artery. Two catheters were 5-Fr and nine catheters were 11.5-Fr. Two patients underwent manual compressions, three underwent open surgery, three underwent stent-graft repairs, and four underwent Perclose Proglide closure. Clinical success was achieved in all 11 patients. Primary technical success was achieved in 10 patients. In one patient, unsuccessful manual compression was followed by successful stent-graft repair; the manual compression failed to prevent bleeding, possibly because of the long-term oral administration of aspirin for coronary heart disease. The mean follow-up was 5.4 months (range, 1-12 months). The overall mortality rate was zero, and no vascular or neurological events occurred. CONCLUSIONS: The existing data show that the current protocol for the treatment of inadvertent cervical arterial catheterization at our center is safe and effective. However, the data are insufficient and require further clinical validation.

13.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 199-203, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365984

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the isolation and culture of the type 2 innate lymphoid cell (ILC2) in the lungs of newborn mice. Methods Immunomagnetic bead enrichment and fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) were used to isolate ILC2s. Flow cytometry was used to identify the purity of ILC2s. Inverted microscope was used to observe the growth of cells. ELISA was used to detect the expression levels of interleukin 5 (IL-5) and IL-13. Results The purity of the isolated ILC2s reached more than 95%. The isolated ILC2s were round or oval, and suspended in cell culture medium. After stimulation with IL-2 and IL-7 combined with IL-33, the contents of IL-5 and IL-13 produced by ILC2s and the proliferation ability of ILC2s increased significantly. Conclusion A rapid and efficient method for isolation and culture of ILC2s in the lung of newborn mice has been found.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , Linfócitos , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Pulmão , Camundongos
14.
Biomater Sci ; 10(9): 2224-2236, 2022 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35344987

RESUMO

Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-based denture base resins easily develop oral bacterial and fungal biofilms, which may constitute a significant health risk. Conventional bacterial-resistant additives and coatings often cause undesirable changes in the resin. Reduced bacterial resistance over time in the harsh oral environment is a major challenge in resin development. Poly(2-methoxyethyl acrylate) (PMEA) has anti-fouling properties; however, due to the oily/rubbery state of this polymer, and its surface aggregation tendency in a resin mixture, its direct use as a resin additive is limited. This study aimed to optimize the use of PMEA in dental resins. Acrylic resins containing a series of PMEA polymers with various molecular weights (MWs) at different concentrations were prepared, and the mechanical properties, surface gloss, direct transmittance, and cytotoxicity were evaluated, along with the distribution of PMEA in the resin. Resins with low-MW PMEA (2000 g mol-1) (PMEA-1) at low concentrations satisfied the clinical requirements for denture resins, and the PMEA was homogeneously distributed. The anti-fouling performance of the resin was evaluated for protein adsorption, bacterial and fungal attachment, and saliva-derived biofilm formation. The PMEA-1 resin most effectively inhibited biofilm formation (∼50% reduction in biofilm mass and thickness compared to those of the control). Post-aged resins maintained their mechanical properties and anti-fouling activity, and polished surfaces had the same anti-biofilm behavior. Based on wettability and tribological results, we propose that the PMEA additive creates a non-stick surface to inhibit biofilm formation. This study demonstrated that PMEA additives can provide a stable and biocompatible anti-fouling surface, without sacrificing the mechanical properties and aesthetics of denture resins.


Assuntos
Incrustação Biológica , Bases de Dentadura , Acrilatos , Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Bases de Dentadura/microbiologia , Teste de Materiais , Peso Molecular , Polímeros , Polimetil Metacrilato , Propriedades de Superfície
15.
Mol Biol Evol ; 39(4)2022 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35356979

RESUMO

Speciation plays a central role in evolutionary studies, and particularly how reproductive isolation (RI) evolves. The origins and persistence of RI are distinct processes that require separate evaluations. Treating them separately clarifies the drivers of speciation and then it is possible to link the processes to understand large-scale patterns of diversity. Recent genomic studies have focused predominantly on how species or RI originate. However, we know little about how species persist in face of gene flow. Here, we evaluate a contact zone of two closely related toad-headed lizards (Phrynocephalus) using a chromosome-level genome assembly and population genomics. To some extent, recent asymmetric introgression from Phrynocephalus putjatai to P. vlangalii reduces their genomic differences. However, their highly divergent regions (HDRs) have heterogeneous distributions across the genomes. Functional gene annotation indicates that many genes within HDRs are involved in reproduction and RI. Compared with allopatric populations, contact areas exhibit recent divergent selection on the HDRs and a lower population recombination rate. Taken together, this implies that divergent selection and low genetic recombination help maintain RI. This study provides insights into the genomic mechanisms that drive RI and two species persistence in the face of gene flow during the late stage of speciation.


Assuntos
Genética Populacional , Lagartos , Animais , Fluxo Gênico , Especiação Genética , Hibridização Genética , Lagartos/genética , Recombinação Genética , Isolamento Reprodutivo
16.
Exp Ther Med ; 23(4): 308, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35340879

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is becoming a huge global health problem. Previous studies have revealed that ganoderic acids have hepatoprotective and hypocholesterolemic effects. In the present study, to evaluate the anti-NASH activity of ganoderic acid A (GAA), male 6-week-old C57BL/6J mice were divided into the following four groups, which were administered different diets: Normal diet (ND group), high-fat high-cholesterol diet (HFHC group), HFHC diet supplemented with 25 mg/kg/day (GAAL group) or 50 mg/kg/day of GAA (GAAH group). After 12 weeks of GAA treatment, histopathological results revealed that compared with that of the HFHC group, GAA significantly inhibited fat accumulation, steatosis, inflammation and fibrosis in the liver. GAA effectively reduced serum aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase levels compared with the HFHC model. Furthermore, the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-responsive proteins, including glucose-regulated protein 78, phosphorylated (p)-eukaryotic initiation factor-2α and p-JNK, were significantly suppressed by GAA, while ERp57, p-MAPK and p-AKT were significantly increased after GAA treatment. Taken together, it was concluded that GAA could resist HFHC diet-induced NASH. In terms of its underlying mechanism, GAA could improve liver inflammation and fibrosis by inhibiting hepatic oxidative stress and the ER stress response induced by HFHC.

17.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 11(1): 13, 2022 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35277197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The differential signaling and outcome of patients with p190 or p210 transcripts of BCR-ABL1 have been systematically investigated in chronic myeloid leukemia rather than in Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL). METHODS: We analyzed the outcomes and ABL1 mutation profiles in 305 consecutive adult patients with Ph+ ALL treated with chemotherapy plus tyrosine kinase inhibitors. We also studied transcriptome features in two newly diagnosed patients with p190 and p210 using single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq). RESULTS: P190 and p210 were found in 199 (65%) and 106 (35%) patients, respectively. Compared to patients with p190, a higher white blood cell count (p = 0.05), platelet count (p = 0.047), BCR-ABL1 transcript level (p < 0.001), and lower bone marrow blasts (p = 0.003) were found in patients with p210. Patients with p210 had fewer types of ABL1 mutations (4 vs. 16) and a higher prevalence of T315I and E225K/V mutations (91.3% vs. 68.6%; p = 0.031). Patients with p210 had a similar complete remission rate (91.0% vs. 90.1%; p = 0.805) but a lower complete molecular remission rate at 1 month (9.9% vs. 22.0%; p = 0.031) compared with p190. Patients with p210 had lower 3-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates than those with p190 (3-year DFS: 10.4% vs. 9.2%, p = 0.069, 3-year OS: 44.3% vs. 38.2%, p = 0.018, respectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that p210 was independently associated with worse OS [HR 1.692 (95% CI 1.009-2.838), p = 0.046]. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) was associated with a better prognosis in patients with p210 (p < 0.0001). In addition, scRNA-seq data showed distinct molecular and cellular heterogeneity between bone marrow cells of the two transcripts. CONCLUSIONS: Ph+ ALL patients with p190 and p210 had different clinical characteristics, outcomes, ABL1 mutation profiles, and transcriptome features. Allo-HSCT could improve the outcomes of patients with p210.

18.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 806977, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35310975

RESUMO

Background: Sudden cardiac death (SCD), based on sudden cardiac ejection cessation, is an unexpected death. Primary cardiomyopathies, including dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), are one of main causes of SCD. The DCM is characterized by a cardiac dilatation and a reduced systolic function with a prevalence of 1/250 in adults. The DCM has been reported with more than 60 disease-causing genes, and MYBPC3 variants are one of the most common and well-known causes of DCM. Methods: We identified a 29-year-old female who died of SCD. We performed a whole-exome sequencing (WES) to detect her genetic etiology and used minigene modeling and immunohistochemistry staining to verify the pathogenicity. Results: We determined that the woman died of SCD caused by DCM due to an identified novel synonymous variant of MYBPC3 (NM_000256.3: c.24A>C, p.P8P) in the deceased. The variant can result in abnormal splicing, which was confirmed by minigene models and immunohistochemistry staining. Conclusion: We may have identified the first deleterious synonymous variant of MYBPC3 in an SCD case and verified its significant impact on RNA splicing. Our description enriched the spectrum of MYBPC3 variants and emphasized the significance of synonymous variants that are always disregarded in genetic screening.

19.
Blood ; 2022 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35303070

RESUMO

Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor is an established treatment for relapsed/refractory mantle cell lymphoma (R/R MCL). Zanubrutinib, a highly selective BTK inhibitor, is approved for patients with MCL who have received at least one prior therapy. We report the long-term safety and efficacy results from the multicenter, open-label, phase 2 registration trial of zanubrutinib. Patients (N = 86) received oral zanubrutinib 160 mg twice daily. The primary end point was overall response rate (ORR), assessed per Lugano 2014. After median follow-up of 35.3 months, the ORR was 83.7%, with 77.9% achieving complete response; median duration of response was not reached. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 33.0 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 19.4-NE). The 36-month PFS and overall survival rates were 47.6% (95% CI, 36.2-58.1) and 74.8% (95% CI, 63.7-83.0), respectively. The safety profile was largely unchanged with extended follow-up. Most common (≥20%) all-grade adverse events (AEs) were neutrophil count decreased (46.5%), upper respiratory tract infection (38.4%), rash (36.0%), white blood cell count decreased (33.7%), and platelet count decreased (32.6%); most were grade 1/2 events. Most common (≥10%) grade ≥3 AEs were neutrophil count decreased (18.6%) and pneumonia (12.8%). Rates of infection, neutropenia, and bleeding were highest in the first 6 months of therapy and decreased thereafter. No cases of atrial fibrillation/flutter, grade ≥3 cardiac AEs, second primary malignancies, or tumor lysis syndrome were reported. After extended follow-up, zanubrutinib demonstrated durable responses and a favorable safety profile in R/R MCL. The trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov as NCT03206970.

20.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(6): 1806-1814, 2022 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35317147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a safe and effective treatment for aortic stenosis, it still carries some risks, such as valve leaks, stroke, and even death. The left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS) measurement may be useful for the prediction of adverse events during this operation. AIM: To explore the change of LVGLS during TAVI procedure and the relationship between LVGLS and perioperative adverse events. METHODS: In this study, 61 patients who had undergone percutaneous transfemoral TAVI were evaluated by transthoracic echocardiography. Before surgery, data on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and LVGLS were collected separately following balloon expansion and stent implantation. Difference in values of LVGLS and LVEF during preoperative balloon expansion (pre-ex), preoperative stent implantation (pre-im) and balloon expansion-stent implantation (ex-im) were also examined. Adverse events were defined as perioperative death, cardiac rupture, heart arrest, moderate or severe perivalvular leakage, significant mitral regurgitation during TAVI, perioperative moderate or severe mitral regurgitation, perioperative left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, reoperation, and acute heart failure. RESULTS: The occurrence of perioperative adverse events was associated with differences in pre-ex LVGLS, but not with difference in pre-ex LVEF. There were significant differences between pre-LVGLS and ex-LVGLS, and between pre-LVGLS and im-LVGLS (P = 0.037 and P = 0.020, respectively). However, differences in LVEF were not significant (P = 0.358, P = 0.254); however differences in pre-ex LVGLS were associated with pre-LVGLS (P = 0.045). Compared to LVEF, LVGLS is more sensitive as a measure of left heart function during TAVI and the perioperative period. Moreover, the differences in LVGLS were associated with the occurrence of perioperative adverse events, and changes in LVGLS were apparent in patients with undesirable LVGLS before the surgery. Furthermore, LVGLS is useful to predict changes in cardiac function during TAVI. CONCLUSION: Greater attention should be paid to the patients who plan to undergo TAVI with normal LVEF but poor LVGLS.

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