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1.
J Affect Disord ; 260: 214-221, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence of the association between effort reward imbalance (ERI) and suicidal ideation is sparse. This study examined the influence of ERI at work on suicidal ideation and the mediating effect of depressive symptoms. METHODS: There were 4963 workers aged 50+ without suicidal ideation at baseline in the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe, these workers were followed-up for 8-years to detect incident suicidal ideation. ERI was measured by a short ERI questionnaire. Suicidal ideation was evaluated by one item derived from the 12-item Europe-depression scale, and depressive symptoms were assessed by the remaining 11 items in the scale. Cox models were employed to explore the relationship adjusting for potential confounders. Mediation analysis was used to test the mediating effect of depressive symptoms. RESULTS: A significantly higher incidence of suicidal ideation was related with high effort (HR = 1.51) and low reward (HR = 1.42), respectively. A high effort-low reward imbalance was associated with even higher risk of suicidal ideation (HR = 1.96) as compared to low effort-high reward combination. The association was varied by gender, region, education and household income. Depressive symptoms mediated a modest proportion (natural indirect effect 14.4%) of the total association between ERI and suicidal ideation. LIMITATION: Suicidal ideation definition based on self-administered questionnaires which could lead to false negatives. And some unmeasured confounders might have biased the results. CONCLUSIONS: Efforts in promoting balanced effort-reward at work may reduce suicidal ideation among working population aged 50+. Avoiding depressive symptoms may further enhance such efforts.

2.
Per Med ; 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686591

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of the present study was to examine the predictive value of lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) levels for coronary collateral circulation (CCC) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Method & methods: A total of 409 consecutive patients with AMI were enrolled for this study. Patients were divided into two groups according to rentrop grades assessed by coronary angiography: bad (n = 277) and good CCC group (n = 132). Result: Patients with bad CCC had a higher level of Lp(a) than that with good CCC (median Lp[a] 219.1 vs 122.0 mg/l). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curves of Lp(a) in predicting bad CCC was 0.647 (95% CI: 0.592-0.702) with the cut-off value of 199.0 mg/l. Conclusion: Our data firstly suggested that Lp(a) might be a useful marker for CCC after AMI.

3.
Atherosclerosis ; 291: 27-33, 2019 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683090

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] has been considered as a causal risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population and levels vary in different ethnicities. However, no systemic analysis is currently available regarding the relation of plasma Lp(a) levels to cardiovascular events (CVEs) in Chinese patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (HeFH). METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-three patients with HeFH undergoing Lp(a) measurement at baseline were consecutively enrolled and followed prospectively for an average of 36.5 months. Lp(a) levels were determined using an immunoturbidimetry assay. Cox regression analysis with adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of Lp(a) on CVEs. RESULTS: Thirty-five events occurred during follow-up. Lp(a) was significantly higher in patients with CVEs (53.3 mg/dL versus 31.7 mg/dL, p < 0.001). In Kaplan-Meier analysis, patients with upper tertile of Lp(a) had a significant lower event-free survival (p = 0.004). After adjusting for confounding risk factors, per log unit increase in baseline Lp(a) was independently associated with CVEs [HR: 2.03(1.28-3.21), p = 0.002]. HRs remained unchanged after accounting for hard endpoints and did not vary too much in several relevant subgroups. Adding Lp(a) to the Cox model led to a significant improvement in C-statistic, net reclassification and integrated discrimination. Moreover, HR for upper versus lower tertile of change in Lp(a) was 2.68 (1.11-6.48) for CVEs after one year. CONCLUSIONS: Both baseline and on-statin treatment Lp(a) levels were associated with an increased risk of CVEs in patients with HeFH, suggesting that Lp(a) measurement might clinically help further risk stratification of FH patients.

4.
Life Sci ; : 117036, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697951

RESUMO

AIMS: Previous literature has shown that melatonin plays a critical role in protecting against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Sirtuin3(SIRT3), as one member of the sirtuin family, protects against oxidative stress-related diseases. However, the association between melatonin and SIRT3 in cerebral I/R injury is not well understood. Our experiment was planned to investigate whether melatonin protects against cerebral I/R injury through SIRT3 activation. MAIN METHODS: We selected transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) mice as the model of cerebral I/R injury. Male C57/BL6 mice were pre-treated with or without a selective SIRT3 inhibitor and then subjected to tMCAO surgery. Melatonin (20 mg/kg) was given to mice by intraperitoneal injection after ischemia and before reperfusion. Then, we observed the changes in the SIRT3 and downstream relative proteins, infarction volume, neurological score, Nissl, H&E and TUNEL staining, and the expression of apoptosis proteins after tMCAO. KEY FINDINGS: Melatonin upregulated the expression of SIRT3 after tMCAO, and alleviated the neurological dysfunction and cell apoptosis through SIRT3 activation. SIGNIFICANCE: Our research proved that melatonin promoted SIRT3 expression after tMCAO and alleviated cerebral I/R injury by activating the SIRT3 signaling pathway. This study provides novel therapeutic targets and mechanisms for the treatment of ischemic stroke in the clinic, especially during cerebrovascular reperfusion.

5.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 367, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) has been proposed as a novel target for coronary artery disease (CAD). Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is characterized by high prevalence of CAD and major cardiovascular events (MACEs). However, no data is available on the association between PCSK9 levels and MACEs in FH patients with standard lipid lowering therapy. METHODS: A total of 338 consecutive heterozygous FH (Dutch Lipid Clinic Network score ≥ 6) was enrolled and followed up for the occurrence of MACEs. Multidetector CT and coronary angiography were performed to determine coronary artery calcification score (CACS) and Gensini score (GS). Multivariable Cox regression analyses were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Plasma PCSK9 concentrations were determined by enzyme immunoassay. RESULTS: PCSK9 was independently and positively associated CACS and GS at baseline. During a mean follow-up of 3 years, 33 (9.8%) events occurred. Patients with MACEs had higher median PCSK9 compared with those without (332.47 vs. 311.89 ng/mL, p = 0.038). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that patients with higher PCSK9 presented lower event-free survival (p = 0.0017). PCSK9 was statistically correlated with MACEs after adjusting for confounding factors, with the HR per SD being 1.86 (1.31-2.65) and 3.70 (1.16-11.82) for the highest tertile compared with the lowest tertile. Adding PCSK9 to Cox prediction model led to a statistical improvement in net reclassification and integrated discrimination. CONCLUSION: Elevated levels of PCSK9 were positively associated with the development of CAD and future cardiovascular events, suggesting that measurement of PCSK9 concentration might be useful for cardiovascular risk stratification. Further studies are needed to confirm our results.

6.
Toxicol Lett ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756459

RESUMO

The clinical drug-drug interactions mediated by heterotropic activation on cytochrome P450 (CYP450) kinetics, especially CYP3A4, have received wide concern in recent years. Flavonoids, a group of important natural substances with various pharmacological activities, distribute widely among vegetables, fruits and herbs. The frequent and numerous uses of flavonoids may increase the risk of food/herb-drug interactions. However, little is known about activation effects of flavonoids on CYP3A4. The aim of this study was to investigate activation of CYP3A4 by flavonoids, explore the molecular mechanism, and assess the biological effects on dronedarone (DND) induced toxicity. The results showed that flavone, tangeretin, sinensetin and 6-hydroxyflavone increased the cell viability by decreasing DND-induced cytotoxicity. These four flavonoids could activate the metabolism of DND in hamster pharmacokinetics study. Furthermore, both molecular docking and circular dichroism analysis partially illustrated the molecular mechanism of heterotropic activation. Finally, the pharmacophore model suggested B aromatic ring, hydrophobic groups at 7-position and hydrogen bond acceptors at 4-position may play a vital role in activation of flavonoids on CYP3A4. Taken together, our findings would provide useful information for predicting the potential risks of flavonoid-containing food/herb-drug interactions in humans.

8.
J Proteome Res ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755721

RESUMO

Macular neovascular disease is a group disorder with complex pathogenesis of neovascularization for vision impairment and irreversible blindness, posing great challenges to precise diagnosis and management. We prospectively recruited participants with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) and pathological myopia (PM), compared with cataract patients without fundus diseases as control group. The serum metabolome was profiled by gas chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-TOFMS) analysis. Multivariate statistical methods as well as data mining were performed for interpretation of macular neovascularization. A total of 446 participants with macular neovascularization and 138 cataract subjects as control group were enrolled in this study. By employing GC-TOFMS, 131 metabolites were identified and 33 differentiating metabolites were highlighted in patients with macular neovascularization. For differential diagnosis, 3 panels of specific metabolomics-based biomarkers provided areas under the curve of 0.967, 0.938 and 0.877 in the discovery phase (n= 328), predictive values of 87.3%, 79% and 85.7% in the test phase (n= 256). Personalized pathway dysregulation scores measurement using lilikoi package in R language revealed pentose phosphate pathway and mitochondrial electron transport chain as the most important pathways in AMD; purine metabolism and glycolysis were identified as the major disturbed pathways in PCV while the altered thiamine metabolism and purine metabolism may contribute to PM phenotypes. Serum metabolomics are powerful for characterizing metabolic disturbances of macular neovascular. Differences in metabolic pathways may reflect underlying macular neovascularand serve as therapeutic targets for macular neovascular treatment.

9.
Food Funct ; 10(11): 7152-7163, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596288

RESUMO

This study demonstrated different effects of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) and retinoic acid (RA) signaling on the induction of germ cell formation in chickens. In vitro, BMP4 significantly promoted primordial germ cell (PGC) formation, while RA promoted spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) formation. Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining of reproductive ridge and testicular slices showed that BMP4 signaling was activated during PGC formation but was inhibited during PGC differentiation into SSC. In contrast, RA signaling was significantly activated during PGC differentiation to SSC. Mechanistically, elevated expression of phosphorylated mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 5 (p-Smad5) activated BMP4 signaling, while inhibition of p-Smad5 significantly reduced the PGC formation. Additionally, BMP4 regulated the PGC formation through histone acetylation and DNA methylation in deleted in azoospermia-like (DAZL) gene. Luciferase report showed RA binding to RARα regulated stimulated by RA 8 (Stra8) promoter activity during SSC formation, while mutations in RAR binding sites inhibited the Stra8 expression and SSC formation. Further, both HAT and HDAC regulated the RARα isoform, and HAT binding to RARα activated the Stra8 transcription. RNA-seq of embryonic stem cells (ESC), PGC, and SSC showed inverse expression of genes related to the BMP4 and RA pathways during PGC and SSC formation. Additionally, Smad5 and Smurf were critical for the interactions between the two pathways. Specifically, through Smurf promotion of Smad5 ubiquitination, RA could inhibit the BMP4 signal transduction. In conclusion, the BMP4 and RA signaling pathways play opposing roles in germ cell formation, driven by epigenetic processes such as phosphorylation, ubiquitination, and histone acetylation.

10.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319880985, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604401

RESUMO

AIMS: Familial hypercholesterolemia patients are characterized by early onset of coronary artery calcification and atherosclerosis, and high incidence of cardiovascular events. Plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 was reported to be a predictor for cardiovascular risk in the general population. However, its prognostic value for predicting recurrent cardiovascular events in familial hypercholesterolemia patients remains undetermined. METHODS: A total of 249 patients with molecularly and/or clinically (Dutch Lipid Clinic Network score > 6) defined familial hypercholesterolemia who had experienced a first cardiovascular event were consecutively included and plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Coronary artery calcification was measured using Agatston method and coronary severity was assessed by Gensini score, respectively. All patients received standard lipid-lowering therapy and were followed-up for recurrent cardiovascular events. Univariate and multivariate regression and Cox analyses was used to calculate hazard ratios with 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: Circulating proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 concentrations were positively associated with coronary artery calcification scores and Gensini score by both univariate and multivariate analyses. During a mean follow-up of 43 ± 19 months, 29 (11.51%) recurrent cardiovascular events occurred. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with the highest proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 levels had the lowest event-free survival time. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 was independently associated with recurrent cardiovascular events (hazard ratio: 1.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.11-1.88). The combination of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 to Cox prediction model led to an enhanced predictive value for recurrent cardiovascular events. CONCLUSIONS: Increased level of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 was a significant risk factor of atherosclerosis and independently predicted future recurrent cardiovascular events in familial hypercholesterolemia patients receiving standard lipid-lowering treatment.

11.
Am J Clin Pathol ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Lupus anticoagulant (LAC) is typically associated with thrombosis but also rarely with hemorrhage. Some patients exhibit a prozone effect on LAC testing. Antiphosphatidylserine/prothrombin (aPS/PT) antibodies may provide a mechanism for both hemorrhage and prozone effect. Our goal was to evaluate whether antibody specificities, isotypes, and titers were associated with LAC prozone effect, factor II levels, hemorrhage, and thrombosis. METHODS: Patients with prozone effect noted on LAC testing were entered into a database over 3 years. Factor II activity and aPS/PT antibody testing were performed when a sufficient residual sample was available. RESULTS: All patients with LAC prozone effect and antibody testing were positive for at least 1 class of aPS/PT antibodies. In addition, aPS/PT IgG titers were significantly associated with thrombosis and significantly inversely associated with factor II levels. CONCLUSIONS: In prozone effect patients, aPS/PT antibodies are associated with LAC prozone effect as well as thrombosis and decreased factor II levels.

12.
Cell Cycle ; 18(22): 3125-3136, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564202

RESUMO

Jixuepaidu Tang-1 is obtained from the decoction of the Chinese traditional medicinal plants including Centella asiatica, Astragalus membranaceus, and Sanguis draconis. Transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1)/serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase-1 (SGK1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). In addition, long non-coding RNAs (lnRNAs) participate in the development of DN, but the role of lncRNA LOC498759 in DN is still unclear. This study aims to investigate the role of Jixuepaidu Tang-1 in regulating podocyte injury and renal damage in DN and to validate whether the mechanisms involve TGF-ß1/SGK1 signaling and LOC498759. The drug treatment was initiated 2 weeks after the DN modeling. The MTT method and TUNEL staining were used to measure cell viability and apoptosis, respectively. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of nephrin and desmin in podocytes. Sera from the Jixuepaidu Tang-1-treated mice reversed the high glucose (HG)-induced podocyte injury and EMT in mouse podocytes. Further in vivo assay revealed that Jixuepaidu Tang-1 not only reduced the ratio of the kidney to body weight, 24 h-urine total protein, and blood glucose, but alleviated glomerular mesangial extracellular matrix deposition and glomerular cell apoptosis in the streptozotocin-induced DN mice. Mechanically, the mechanisms of Jixuepaidu Tang-1 may involve the suppression of EMT by inhibiting the TGF-ß1/SGK1-induced LOC498759 expression. Collectively, Jixuepaidu Tang-1 attenuates podocyte injury and renal damage in DN, and inhibits EMT through suppressing TGF-ß1/SGK1-LOC498759 signaling.

13.
Theranostics ; 9(23): 6856-6866, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660073

RESUMO

Resistance to preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is a major obstacle to cancer treatment in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. This study was to explore genome alterations in rectal cancer under CRT stress. Methods: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed on 28 paired tumors collected before and after CRT from the same patients who did not respond to CRT treatment. Somatic point mutations and copy number variations were detected by VarScan2 and Exome CNVs respectively using paired tumor and blood samples. Somatic alterations associated with CRT resistance were inferred considering differences in significantly mutated genes, mutation counts and cancer cell fraction between matched pre- and post-CRT tumors. We employed SignatureAnalyzer to infer mutation signatures and PyClone to decipher clonal evolution and examine intratumoral heterogeneity in tumors before and after CRT. The associations between intratumoral heterogeneity and patients' survival were analyzed using the log-rank test and the Cox regression model. Results: (i) Recurrent mutations in CTDSP2, APC, KRAS, TP53 and NFKBIZ confer selective advantages on cancer cells and made them resistant to CRT treatment. (ii) CRT alters the genomic characteristics of tumors at both the somatic mutation and the copy number variation levels. (iii) CRT-resistant tumors exhibit either a branched or a linear evolution pattern. (iv) Different recurrent mutation signatures in pre-CRT and post-CRT patients implicate mutational processes underlying the evolution of CRT-resistant tumors. (v) High intratumoral heterogeneity in pre- or post-CRT is associated with poor patients' survival. Conclusion: Our study reveals genome landscapes in rectal cancer before and after CRT and tumors evolution under CRT stress. The treatment-associated characteristics are useful for further investigations of CRT resistance in rectal cancer.

14.
Clin Lab ; 65(10)2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625349

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pneumonia severity index (PSI) scoring system is one of the tools used to evaluate and predict the prognosis of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Although PSI has been widely used in clinical studies of pneumonia, it is still rare to combine it with blood indexes to predict the prognosis of pneumonia. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a promising candidate predictor of mortality in CAP patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of pneumonia severity index combined with NLR in predicting 30-day mortality in CAP patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study. We analyzed data on 400 non-immune individuals over the age of 18 in this study. All patients received blood routine measurement and PSI score calculation after admission. The primary outcome measures were mortality and survival in CAP patients. The sensitivity and specificity of PSI score, NLR, and the combination of PSI score and NLR in predicting 30-day mortality were assessed using the subject operating characteristic curve (ROC). RESULTS: Data from 400 patients were analyzed, in which the 30-day mortality was 10.5% (42/400). The AUC of NLR and PSI in predicting 30-day mortality of CAP patients were 0.81 (95% CI 0.73 - 0.89) and 0.94 (95% CI 0.90 - 0.98), respectively, with statistically significant differences (p = 0.00). The sensitivity and specificity of NLR were 0.80 and 0.7, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of PSI were 0.78 and 0.94, respectively. The combined AUC of the two indicators for predicting death in CAP patients was 0.95 (95% CI 0.92 - 0.99), and the sensitivity and specificity were 0.85 and 0.94, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio improves the accuracy and sensitivity of the pneumonia severity index in predicting 30-day mortality of CAP patients.

15.
Chemosphere ; 241: 125023, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606573

RESUMO

Zwitterionic pharmaceuticals and personal care products can interact with adsorbents in different ways due to their various properties. In this work, the effects of hydrophobicity and electrostatic potential were explored through the adsorption of ciprofloxacin (CPX) and tetracycline (TC) onto multifunctional resins. Nonionic surface interaction was dominant for the adsorption on high-surface-area resin GMA10. Thereinto, hydrophobic and π-π interaction dominant for hydrophobic CPX and hydrophilic TC, respectively. Electrostatic interaction played an important role for high-anion-exchange-capacity resin GMA90. Upon their adsorption onto GMA50 resin, the relatively separated positive and negative electrostatic potentials of CPX+- due to the greater distance (∼12.33 Å) between the anionic and cationic groups led to electrostatic attraction and interaction (Ea = 8.64 ±â€¯0.31 kJ/mol) and the vertical orientation of molecule on the surface. However, TC+-0 displayed nonionic surface interaction (Ea = 7.96 ±â€¯0.14 kJ/mol) due to its relatively neutral electrostatic potential arising from the adjacent functional groups. Hence, the surface of GMA50 was covered with TC+-0 molecules adsorbed parallel to the surface, thereby restricting TC+-0 adsorption. Coexisted with monovalent salts, CPX adsorption was facilitated due to the salting-out effect. By contrast, the salting-out effect for TC was extremely weak, and TC adsorption was restrained due to the competitive adsorption of salts.

16.
Int J Biol Sci ; 15(10): 2182-2197, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592234

RESUMO

Previous studies indicated that let-7 enhances osteogenesis and bone formation of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). We also have confirmed that let-7f-5p expression was upregulated during osteoblast differentiation in rat bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMSCs) and was downregulated in the vertebrae of patients with glucocorticoid (GC)-induced osteoporosis (GIOP). The study was performed to determine the role of let-7f-5p in GC-inhibited osteogenic differentiation of murine BMSCs in vitro and in GIOP in vivo. Here, we report that dexamethasone (Dex) inhibited osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs and let-7f-5p expression, while increasing the expression of transforming growth factor beta receptor 1 (TGFBR1), a direct target of let-7f-5p during osteoblast differentiation under Dex conditions. In addition, let-7f-5p promoted osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs, as indicated by the promotion of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and activity, Von Kossa staining, and osteogenic marker expression (Runx2,Osx, Alp, and Ocn), but decreased TGFBR1 expression in the presence of Dex. However, overexpression of TGFBR1 reversed the upregulation of let-7f-5p during Dex-treated osteoblast differentiation. Knockdown of TGFBR1 reversed the effect of let-7f-5p downregulation during Dex-treated osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. We also found that glucocorticoid receptor (GR) mediated transcriptional silencing of let-7f-5p and its knockdown enhanced Dex-inhibited osteogenic differentiation. Further, when injected in vivo, agomiR-let-7f-5p significantly reversed bone loss induced by Dex, as well as increased osteogenic marker expression (Runx2, Osx, Alp, and Ocn) and decreased TGFBR1 expression in bone extracts. These findings indicated that the regulatory axis of GR/let-7f-5p/TGFBR1 may be important for Dex-inhibited osteoblast differentiation and that let-7f-5p may be a useful therapeutic target for GIOP.

17.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 18(1): 134, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to examine the effects of free fatty acids (FFAs) on major cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and different glucose metabolism status. METHODS: In this study, we consecutively enrolled 5443 patients from March 2011 to May 2015. Patients were categorized according to both status of glucose metabolism status [diabetes mellitus (DM), pre-diabetes (Pre-DM), normal glycaemia regulation (NGR)] and FFAs levels. All subjects were followed up for the occurrence of the MACEs. RESULTS: During a median of 6.7 years' follow-up, 608 MACEs occurred. A twofold higher FFAs level was independently associated with MACEs after adjusting for confounding factors [Hazard Ratio (HR): 1.242, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.084-1.424, p value = 0.002]. Adding FFAs to the Cox model increased the C-statistic by 0.015 (0.005-0.027). No significant difference in MACEs was observed between NGR and Pre-DM groups (p > 0.05). When patients were categorized by both status of glucose metabolism and FFAs levels, medium and high FFAs were associated with significantly higher risk of MACEs in Pre-DM [1.736 (1.018-2.959) and 1.779 (1.012-3.126), all p-value < 0.05] and DM [2.017 (1.164-3.494) and 2.795 (1.619-4.824), all p-value < 0.05]. CONCLUSIONS: The present data indicated that baseline FFAs levels were associated with the prognosis in DM and Pre-DM patients with CAD, suggesting that FFAs may be a valuable predictor in patients with impaired glucose metabolism.

18.
J Immunol Res ; 2019: 7371458, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612152

RESUMO

To investigate the clinical features of parenchymal neuro-Behcet's disease (p-NBD), we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 1009 BD patients admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2000 to 2016. Forty-two patients (25 males and 17 females) with p-NBD and eighty-four age- and sex-matched BD patients without neurological involvement who were served as controls were enrolled. Neurological onset was concomitant with the onset of BD in six cases (14.3%). Pyramidal signs (50.0%) and headache (33.3%) were the most common manifestations. On MRI, the lesions were mainly in the midline structures and hyperintense in the T2-weighted image. The most common lesion was the brainstem (54.8%). Spinal cord involvement was observed in five cases, four of which with cervical cord involvement. Multifocal lesions were observed in 13 patients. Ocular involvement was more prevalent in p-NBD (35.7%) (P = 0.041, OR = 2.36, 95% CI = 1.03-5.44) compared with controls. All patients received corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, mainly cyclophosphamide (39/42). Six patients with severe/refractory condition received biological agents and achieved response measured by decreased Rankin score (P = 0.002). With a median follow-up of 28 months, 22 patients (61.1%) achieved clinical improvements, while 10 (27.8%) relapsed and 4 died (mortality rate 11.1%). p-NBD is a rare yet disabling and life-threatening complication of BD. Ocular involvement is a risk factor for p-NBD. Promptly aggressive treatment is essential for improving prognosis, and biological agents might be a promising approach for severe/refractory p-NBD.

19.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(5): 748-753, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612392

RESUMO

Although several studies confirmed that berberine may attenuate airway inflammation in mice with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), its underlying mechanisms were not clear until now. We aimed to establish an experiment mouse model for COPD and to investigate the effects of berberine on airway inflammation and its possible mechanism in COPD model mice induced by cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Twenty SPF C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into PBS control group, COPD model group, low-dose berberine group and high-dose berberine group, 5 mice in each group. The neutrophils and macrophages were examined by Wright's staining. The levels of inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of TGF-ß1, Smad2 and Smad3 mRNA and proteins in lung tissues were respectively detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. It was found that CSE increased the number of inflammation cells in BALF, elevated lung inflammation scores, and enhanced the TGF-ß1/Smads signaling activity in mice. High-dose berberine restrained the alterations in the COPD mice induced by CSE. It was concluded that high-dose berberine ameliorated CSE-induced airway inflammation in COPD mice. TGF-ß1/Smads signaling pathway might be involved in the mechanism. These findings suggested a therapeutic potential of high-dose berberine on the CSE-induced airway inflammation.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612576

RESUMO

We report a novel modulation strategy by introducing transition metals into NiS2 nanosheets (NSs) to flexibly optimize the electronic configurations and atomic arrangement. The Co-NiS2 NSs exhibit excellent hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) performance with an overpotential of 80 mV at j=10 mA cm-2 and long-term stability of 90 h in alkaline media. The turnover frequencies (TOFs) of 0.55 and 4.1 s-1 at an overpotential of 100 and 200 mV also confirm their remarkable performance. DFT calculations reveal that the surface dopants abnormally sensitize surface Ni-3d bands in the long-range order towards higher electron-transfer activity, acting as the electron-depletion center. Meanwhile, the high lying surface S-sites possess substantially high selectivity for splitting the adsorbing H2 O that guarantee the high HER performance within alkaline conditions. This work opens opportunities for enhancing water splitting by atomic-arrangement-assisted electronic modulation via a facile doping strategy.

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