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1.
Liver Int ; 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389804

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Liver fibrosis score (LFS) has been used for predicting the cardiovascular outcomes (CVOs) in diverse populations. However, the association of LFS with CVOs in patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI) remains undetermined. We aimed to examine the prognostic value of LFS in patients with prior MI in a prospective cohort. METHODS: A total of 3718 patients with previous MI were consecutively enrolled from March 2009 to January 2019. Five LFSs including the fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) score, non-alcohol fatty liver disease fibrosis score (NFS), Forns score, HUI score and BARD score were used. The CVOs covered major adverse cardiac event (MACEs), cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. Cox proportional hazards model was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 47.4 ± 24.8 months, 431 (11.6%) MACEs occurred. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that higher LFSs resulted in a significantly higher probability of CVOs. Compared to the lowest score group, multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) of the highest group of FIB-4, NFS, Forns score, HUI score and BARD score were 1.75 (1.32-2.33), 2.37 (1.70-3.33), 2.44 (1.61-3.73), 1.58 (1.16-2.14) and 1.27 (1.03-1.57) respectively. These LFSs were also independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality and all-cause mortality. Similar results were observed across subgroups analysis. The addition of LFSs to a prediction model significantly increased the C-statistic for CVOs. CONCLUSIONS: The present study firstly demonstrated that LFS could be used as a risk stratification tool for predicting CVOs in patients with previous MI, which should be evaluated further.

2.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 9, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore mid-term clinical results of cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) with modified trochanteric osteotomy in Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). METHODS: Thirteen patients (13 hips) with Crowe type IV DDH who underwent THA with modified trochanteric osteotomy between May 2013 and October 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The mean follow-up duration was 5.2 years (range, 4.9-6.1 years). RESULTS: The mean Harris Hip Score (HHS) significantly (p < 0.05) improved from 30.7 (range, 22-38) to 87.5 (range, 83-93). The mean leg length discrepancy (LLD) was 53.4 mm (range, 42.1-68.5 mm) preoperatively. The final LLD was 5.6 mm (range, 2.4-9.1 mm; p < 0.05). The mean leg length after surgery was 47.4 mm (range, 33.6-67.2 mm) and the femur shortening distance was 43.8 mm (range, 31.2-53.4 mm). The average duration of bone union for the greater trochanter (GT) was 2.5 months (range, 1.5-3.6 months). There was no infection, GT non-union, or loosening (septic or aseptic) of the stem or cup in any case. CONCLUSIONS: THA with modified trochanteric osteotomy with a cementless cup is an effective treatment for Crowe type IV DDH. It can rebuild complex biomechanics and biology of hip dysplasia without increasing complications.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e24199, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is a common surgery accompanied by some unpleasant adverse effects. Clinical trials indicated that acupuncture therapy may help reduce complications in LC. However, no systematic reviews have been conducted on the topic. Therefore, we will evaluate the current evidence and provide a rank for the efficacy of acupuncture therapy in LC by performing Bayesian network meta-analysis. METHODS: A total of 9 databases will be searched from inception to 10 December 2020. Randomized control trails met the criterion will be included. Quality evaluation of included studies will be performed using Cochrane risk-of-bias tool. STATA 14.0, Addis 1.16.8, R 3.6.3, and OpenBUGS 3.2.3 will be used to conduct pairwise meta-analysis and network meta-analysis. The evidence will be assessed by the Grades of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation. RESULTS: This review will be based on clinical evidence to choose the best choice of acupuncture treatment for LC. And the results will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. CONCLUSION: Through this systematic review, we will summarize the best available evidence of acupuncture therapy in LC and help to improve the clinical decision-making ability in LC domain. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: The protocol has been registered on INPLASY2020120056.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Teorema de Bayes , Humanos
4.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460512

RESUMO

AIMS: Diabetic cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (DCAN) seriously threatens the prognosis and quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM), associated with increased mortality. The present study aimed to investigate the relevant risk factors of DCAN. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study enrolled a total of 109 patients with T2DM. DCAN was defined as a score of at least 2 points in Ewing tests. HOMA2-IR based on fasting C-peptide (FCP) was calculated to reflect insulin resistance. Logistic regression analysis, interaction and stratified analyses were used to investigate the relationship between HOMA2-IR or other indicators and DCAN. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was conducted to estimate the discriminative value of the variables independently associated with DCAN and to determine the optimal cut-off point of these models to screen DCAN. RESULTS: The HOMA2-IR levels were significantly higher in patients with DCAN, and tended to be worsened with the progression of the DCAN. Logistic regression analysis showed an independent association between HOMA2-IR (OR=39.30; 95%CI, 7.17, 215.47) and DCAN. HOMA2-IR (AUC=0.878, 95%CI 0.810, 0.946; cut-off value=1.735) individually predicted DCAN significantly higher than the other independent risk factors individually used, while models combining HOMA2-IR and other risk factors didn't significantly boost the diagnostic power. CONCLUSIONS: Insulin resistance is independently associated with DCAN. HOMA2-IR presents to be a highly accurate and parsimonious indicator for DCAN screening. The patients with HOMA2-IR more than 1.735 are at a high risk of DCAN; thus, priority diagnostic tests should be carried out for these patients for timely integrated intervention. The present study was registered at the Chinese Clinical Trials Registry as Study for diagnosis and influencing factors of diabetic cardiac autonomic neuropathy (Registration number: ChiCTR1900020491).

5.
BMJ Open ; 11(1): e037340, 2021 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33455923

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impacts of triglyceride (TG) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) dyslipidaemia on prognosis in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with different glucose metabolism status. DESIGN: An observational cohort study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3057 patients with stable CAD were consecutively enrolled and divided into three groups according to different glucose metabolism status. Atherogenic dyslipidaemia (AD) was defined as TG ≥1.7 mmol/L and HDL-C <1.0 mmol/L for men or <1.3 mmol/L for women. The patients were further classified into six subgroups by status of AD. All subjects were followed up for the cardiovascular events (CVEs). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary endpoints were cardiovascular mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction and non-fatal stroke. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 6.1 years, 308 (10.1%) CVEs occurred. No significant difference in the occurrence of CVEs was observed between normal glucose regulation (NGR) and pre-diabetes (pre-DM) groups (HR: 1.25, 95% CI 0.89 to 1.76) while DM group presented 1.45-fold higher risk of CVEs (HR: 1.45, 95% CI 1.02 to 2.05). When the participants were categorised according to combined status of two parameters, the cardiovascular risk was significantly elevated in pre-DM or DM plus AD group compared with the NGR plus non-AD group (HR: 1.76, 95% CI 1.10 to 2.80 and HR: 1.87, 95% CI 1.17 to 2.98). CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggested that the presence of AD might affect the prognosis in patients with DM or pre-DM and stable CAD.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410014

RESUMO

Coal-based mercury pollution from power plants has received increasing attention. In a previous study, high iron and calcium coal ash (HICCA) was found as a promising oxygen carrier (OC) for chemical looping combustion (CLC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the catalytic effect of HICCA on Hg0 removal as well as the impacts of several gas impurities, such as HCl, SO2, and NO. Experiments on Hg0 removal efficiencies for different atmospheres were performed in the fixed-bed reactor at 850 °C. Based upon the characterization of BET, SEM, XRD, XPS, and EDS of reaction products, the reaction mechanisms of different gases with the HICCA samples were established. The mechanisms were further explained using the thermodynamic equilibrium calculations. The experimental results showed that the Hg0 removal efficiency using HICCA was 11.60%, while the corresponding value in the presence of 50 ppm HCl was 90.46%. Hg0 removal by HICCA involving HCl is mainly attributed to homogeneous reaction between Hg0 and HCl as well as the formation of reactive species (Cl, Cl2, Cl2O, O, S, and SCl2) through the reactions of HCl with Fe2O3 and CaSO4 in HICCA. The formation of C-Cl bond is not the main pathway for the promotional effect of HCl on Hg0 removal. SO2 played a negative role in Hg0 removal by HICCA. The inhibition of SO2 may be attributed to its effect on the reduction of Fe2O3 and its bonding with C-O, COOH, and C(O)-O-C. NO enhanced Hg0 removal by HICCA primarily through the homogeneous reactions of Hg0 with N2O and O. In addition, NO also interacted with HICCA and promoted the heterogeneous oxidation of Hg0 by producing more C-O, C=O, and COOH/C(O)-O-C on HICCA surface. This study proved the effectiveness of HICCA on Hg0 removal in iG-CLC and revealed the mechanisms of the interaction between HCl/SO2/NO and MxOy/CaSO4 as well as carbon-oxygen groups.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33444481

RESUMO

We report an electrochemical method for coupling biomass-derived C5/C6 compounds to value-added fuel precursors.  Using only 2% of equivalent charges, 2-methylfuran (2-MF) was oxidized to yield a cation radical, which readily reacted with 3-hexene-2,5-dione, a derivate of 2,5-dimethylfuran, to produce 3-(5-methylfuran-2-yl)hexane-2,5-dione.  The product was converted to 4-ethylnonane (a component of biodiesel/jet fuel) in a single step in excellent yield. Importantly, the reaction was not sensitive to oxygen, and a trace amount of water was found to promote the reaction. Detailed mechanistic studies confirmed the proposed reaction pathways.  Key to the mechanism is the radical generation that is enabled by electrochemistry. The radical is regenerated at the end of a reaction cycle to ensure chain propagation for an average of ca. 47 times, resulting in an apparent Faradaic efficiency of 4,700%.

8.
Int J Neural Syst ; : 2150004, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438531

RESUMO

Tactile P300 brain-computer interface (BCI) generally has a worse accuracy and information transfer rate (ITR) than the visual-based BCI. It may be due to the fact that human beings have a relatively poor tactile perception. This study investigated the influence of visual attention on the performance of a tactile P300 BCI. We designed our paradigms based on a novel cheeks-stim paradigm which attached the stimulators on the subject's cheeks. Two paradigms were designed as follows: a paradigm with no visual attention and another paradigm with visual attention to the target position. Eleven subjects were invited to perform the two paradigms. We also recorded and analyzed the eyeball movement data during the paradigm with visual attention to explore whether the eyeball movement would have an effect on the BCI classification. The average online accuracy was 89.09% for the paradigm with visual attention, which was significantly higher than that of the paradigm with no visual attention (70.45%). Significant difference in ITR was also found between the two paradigms ([Formula: see text]). The results demonstrated that visual attention was an effective method to improve the performance of tactile P300 BCI. Our findings suggested that it may be feasible to complete an efficient tactile BCI system by adding visual attention.

9.
J Cell Physiol ; 236(2): 1391-1400, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749682

RESUMO

The development of primordial germ cells (PGCs) undergoes epigenetic modifications. The study of histone methylation in regulating PGCs is beneficial to understand the development and differentiation mechanism of germ stem cells. Notably, it provides a theoretical basis for directed induction and mass acquisition in vitro. However, little is known about the regulation of PGC formation by histone methylation. Here, we found the high enrichment of H3K4me2 in the blastoderm, genital ridges, and testis. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing was performed and the results revealed that genomic H3K4me2 is dynamic in embryonic stem cells, PGCs, and spermatogonial stem cells. This trend was consistent with the H3K4me2 enrichment in the gene promoter region. Additionally, narrow region triggered PGC-related genes (Bmp4, Wnt5a, and Tcf7l2) and signaling pathways (Wnt and transforming growth factor-ß). After knocking down histone methylase Mll2 in vitro and vivo, the level of H3K4me2 decreased, inhibiting Cvh and Blimp1 expression, then repressing the formation of PGCs. Taken together, our study revealed the whole genome map of H3K4me2 in the formation of PGCs, contributing to improve the epigenetic study in PGC formation and providing materials for bird gene editing and rescue of endangered birds.

10.
Coron Artery Dis ; 32(1): 78-83, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] has been emerged as a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD), but there is currently insufficient data on the relationship between Lp(a) and premature CAD (PCAD). Thus, this study aimed to examine the association between Lp(a) and PCAD in a Chinese cohort. METHODS: Data on 2433 individuals (male <55 years old and female <65 years old) who underwent coronary angiography from March 2016 to February 2019 were included in this study and were divided into the PCAD group (n = 1751) and non-CAD group (n = 682) according to the angiography results. Their clinical and laboratory parameters were collected, and plasma Lp(a) level was measured by immunoturbidimetry. The severity of CAD was evaluated using Gensini score (GS) and divided into three subgroups. The relationship between plasma Lp(a) levels and the presence and severity of PCAD was analyzed. RESULTS: The level of plasma Lp(a) in the PCAD group was significantly higher than that in the non-CAD group (P < 0.001). The plasma Lp(a) concentration in the highest GS group was significantly higher than that in the lowest GS group (P < 0.001). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that elevated plasma Lp(a) levels were correlated with higher GS (b = 0.41, P < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression showed that elevated plasma Lp(a) levels were independently associated with PCAD (odds ratio = 2.91, P < 0.001). Moreover, elevated plasma Lp(a) levels correlated with higher GS (b = 0.41, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In this study, Lp(a) concentration was associated with the presence and severity of PCAD, suggesting that Lp(a) may be a marker or target for patients with PCAD.

11.
Food Chem ; 339: 127985, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920305

RESUMO

There is limited research focusing on the effects of human gut microbiota on the oral bioaccessibility and intestinal absorption of pesticide residues in food. In the present study, we use a modified setup of the Simulator of the Human Intestinal Microbial Ecosystem for the determination of pesticide residue bioaccessibility in Chaenomeles speciosa, and a Caco-2 cell model of human intestinal absorption. Results showed that gut microbiota played a dual role based their effects on contaminant release and metabolism in the bioaccessibility assay, and Lactobacillus plantarum was one of key bacterial species in the gut microbiota that influenced pesticide stability significantly. The addition of L. plantarum to the system reduced the relative amounts (by 11.40-86.51%) of six pesticides. The interaction between the food matrix and human gut microbiota led to different absorption rates, and the barrier effects increased with an increase in incubation time.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Praguicidas/farmacologia , Rosaceae/química , Bactérias/metabolismo , Células CACO-2 , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/citologia , Mucosa Intestinal/microbiologia , Lactobacillus plantarum/efeitos dos fármacos , Lactobacillus plantarum/isolamento & purificação , Neonicotinoides/metabolismo , Neonicotinoides/farmacologia , Nitrocompostos/metabolismo , Nitrocompostos/farmacologia , Compostos Organotiofosforados/metabolismo , Compostos Organotiofosforados/farmacologia , Praguicidas/química , Praguicidas/metabolismo , Rosaceae/metabolismo , Tiametoxam/metabolismo , Tiametoxam/farmacologia
12.
Med Image Anal ; 67: 101819, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049580

RESUMO

With the development of deep learning, its application in diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules has been widely concerned. However, it is difficult to obtain medical images, resulting in insufficient number of data, which contradicts the large amount of data required for acquiring effective deep learning diagnostic models. A multi-view ensemble learning based on voting mechanism is proposed herein to boost the performance of the models trained by small-dataset thyroid nodule ultrasound images. The method integrates three kinds of diagnosis results which are obtained from 3-view dataset which is composed of thyroid nodule ultrasound images, medical features extracted based on U-Net output and useful features selected by mRMR from the statistical features and texture features. To obtain preliminary diagnosis results, the images are utilized for training GoogleNet. For improving the results, supplementary methods were proposed based on the medical features and the selected features. To analyze the contribution of these features and acquire two groups of diagnosis results, the designed Xgboost classifier is utilized for obtaining two groups of features respectively. Subsequently, the boosting final results are obtained through majority voting mechanism. Furthermore, the proposed method is utilized to diagnose sequence images (the images extracted by frame from videos) to solve the poor results caused by slight differences. Finally, better final results are obtained for both of the normal dataset and the sequence dataset (consisting of sequence images). Compared with the accuracies obtained by only training deep learning models with small datasets, the diagnostic accuracies of the above two datasets are improved to 92.11% and 92.54% respectively by utilizing the proposed method.

13.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(2): 1054-1060, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183443

RESUMO

This article explores the role of lysin nanocarriers in inducing apoptosis of human hepatocellular carcinoma cells and the possible molecular mechanisms. Cytotoxicity tests were performed in human fibroblast cell line MRC-5. Anti-cancer activity was tested in liver cancer cell lines HepG2 and HCCLM3. The results show that nanocarriers have a targeting effect on cancer cells, have high safety, and are good delivery vehicles for drugs. In this paper, the stability of lycopene and its degradation in aqueous solutions at different temperatures were studied, and the structure and mechanism of degradation products were determined. A new type of mesoporous silica nanocarrier was synthesized as a delivery carrier of lysin and its derivatives, which has a targeting effect on cancer cells and has a slow-release effect. Surface modification can improve circulation time and stability for future resistance in vivo. The cancer experiment laid the foundation. The results showed that the lysin nanocarriers inhibited the proliferation of HepG2 and HCCLM3 human liver cancer cells in a dependent manner. After the lysin nanocarriers acted on HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells for 48 h, the cell apoptosis rate was significantly increased by flow cytometry analysis. The carrier can significantly increase the levels of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde, and reduce the content of reduced glutathione and superoxide dismutase. At the same time, the lysin nanocarrier can down-regulate the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins, and inhibit the occurrence of Nrf2 Nuclear displacement. The lycopene nanocarrier inhibits the proliferation of HepG2, HCCLM3 human liver cancer cells, induces apoptosis, regulates the oxidative stress response in the cell, and regulates the Nrf2/AREE antioxidant signaling pathway, thereby promoting tumor cell apoptosis.

14.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 9(12): 30, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262904

RESUMO

Purpose: Eccentric fixation in amblyopia is often estimated grossly without precision. Although the usefulness of optical coherence tomography (OCT) fixation shift in the quantification of eccentric fixation in a small cohort of amblyopic children was recently reported, there is a lack of understanding of characteristics of OCT fixation shift. In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated eccentric fixation with OCT in a large cohort of children with residual amblyopia. Methods: Children, age 4 to 17 years, with residual amblyopia (amblyopic, n = 56) and without amblyopia (control, n = 75) were enrolled. Amblyopia was associated with anisometropia alone (anisometropia subtype, n = 28) and strabismus without or with anisometropia (strabismic subtype, n = 28). Spectral domain OCT was used to estimate fixation. The OCT fixation shift, defined as the distance between the fovea and the fixation point, was measured and adjusted with calculated axial length and converted into visual degrees. Fixation shift in amblyopic eyes, fellow nonamblyopic eyes, and right eyes of the control group were compared. Fixation shift between the anisometropic and strabismic amblyopia subtypes was also compared. Its correlation with visual acuity was estimated. Results: The mean fixation shift was significantly different: 0.17° ± 0.29° for control right eyes, 0.94° ± 1.24° for amblyopic eyes, and 0.34° ± 0.57° for fellow eyes (χ2 = 23.3; P < 0.001). There was no significant difference between fellow eyes and control eyes (P = 0.11). Fixation shift in amblyopic eyes was significantly correlated with visual acuity (R = 0.44; P < 0.001), and it was significantly smaller in the anisometropic subtype than in the strabismic subtypes (0.34° ± 0.46° vs. 1.54° ± 1.48°, W = 338, P < 0.001). Conclusions: OCT fixation shift can be used both in detection and quantification of eccentric fixation in children with residual amblyopia, especially in those with strabismus. Translational Relevance: OCT fixation shift offers a convenient clinical approach in quantitative evaluation of eccentric fixation in children with strabismic amblyopia.

15.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 350, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33261594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This is a retrospective study that compares mandibular growth changes in skeletal Class II patients treated by rapid maxillary expansion (RME) and following fixed appliance with those patients treated by Twin-Block (TB) and following fixed appliance. METHODS: Fourteen patients treated by RME and following fixed appliance were included into the RME group. Fifteen patients treated by Twin-Block and following fixed appliance were included into the TB group. Lateral cephalometric radiographs taken before treatment and immediately after fixed appliance treatment were used to evaluate mandibular growth effects. RESULTS: The starting forms of the patients in the two groups were examined to be of good comparability. The mandibular length increased significantly in both groups as measured by Co-Gn, Go-Gn and Ar-Gn, but the TB group didn't show more mandibular growth than the RME group (P > 0.05). Skeletal changes of the mandible in vertical dimension were different in the two groups. The change in FMA was 0.35° in the RME group, while the change was 2.65° in the TB group (P < 0.001). The change in LAFH was 5.14 mm in the RME group, significantly smaller than the change of 10.19 mm in the TB group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The investigated Phase I treatment with RME followed by Phase II treatment of fixed appliance achieved the same increases in sagittal mandibular growth and facial profile improvements as the Twin-Block therapy. The treatment with RME followed by fixed appliance was better for vertical control, while the treatment with Twin-Block followed by fixed appliance significantly increased the mandibular plane angle.

16.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 29: 115890, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285407

RESUMO

As abnormal PI3K signaling is a feature of many types of cancer, the development of orally active PI3K inhibitors is of great significance for targeted cancer therapy. Through integrating strategies of reducing aromatic character/increasing the fraction of sp3 carbons together with scaffold hopping, we designed and synthesized two new series of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine and thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine derivatives for use as PI3K inhibitors. Our structure-activity relationship studies led to the identification of thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine 6a and thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine 7a, which exhibited remarkable nanomolar PI3K potency, good antiproliferative activity, favorable pharmacokinetic properties and significant in vivo anti-cancer efficacy. Notably, thiazolo[5,4-d]pyrimidine 7a had better anti-cancer activity than thieno[2,3-d]pyrimidine 6a and is worthy of further pre-clinical evaluation for its use in cancer treatment.

17.
J Hazard Mater ; 405: 124642, 2020 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33301972

RESUMO

Total removal of organic mercury in industrial wastewater is a crucially important task facing environmental pollution in the current world. Herein, we demonstrate the fabrication of Au-NiFe layered double hydroxide (LDH)/rGO nanocomposite as not only an efficient nanozyme with oxidase-like activity but also an efficient surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrate to determine organic mercury, with the minimum detection concentration as low as 1 × 10-8 M. According to the binding energy of X-Ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS) and the free radicals of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra, the mechanism of catalytic enhanced degradation is the production of Au-amalgam on Au surface, accelerating the electron transfer and the generation of O2•- radicals from oxygen molecules and •CH3 radicals from the methyl group in MeHg to participate the oxidase-like reaction. Furthermore, the Au-NiFe LDH/rGO nanocomposite is able to degrade and remove 99.9% of organic mercury in two hours without the secondary pollution by Hg2+. In addition, the material can be used for the multiple degradation-regeneration cycles in actual applications, which is significant in terms of the environmental and economic point of view. This work may open a new horizon for both highly sensitive detection and thorough degradation of organic mercury in environmental science and technology.

18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(23)2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260627

RESUMO

Squamosa promoter binding protein (SBP)-box genes are plant-specific transcription factors involved in plant growth and development, morphogenesis and biotic and abiotic stress responses. However, these genes have been understudied in pepper, especially with respect to defense responses to Phytophthora capsici infection. CaSBP11 is a SBP-box family gene in pepper that was identified in our previous research. Silencing CaSBP11 enhanced the defense response of pepper plants to Phytophthora capsici. Without treatment, the expression of defense-related genes (CaBPR1, CaPO1, CaSAR8.2 and CaDEF1) increased in CaSBP11-silenced plants. However, the expression levels of these genes were inhibited under transient CaSBP11 expression. CaSBP11 overexpression in transgenic Nicotiana benthamiana decreased defense responses, while in Arabidopsis, it induced or inhibited the expression of genes in the salicylic acid and jasmonic acid signaling pathways. CaSBP11 overexpression in sid2-2 mutants induced AtNPR1, AtNPR3, AtNPR4, AtPAD4, AtEDS1, AtEDS5, AtMPK4 and AtNDR1 expression, while AtSARD1 and AtTGA6 expression was inhibited. CaSBP11 overexpression in coi1-21 and coi1-22 mutants, respectively, inhibited AtPDF1.2 expression and induced AtPR1 expression. These results indicate CaSBP11 has a negative regulatory effect on defense responses to Phytophthora capsici. Moreover, it may participate in the defense response of pepper to Phytophthora capsici by regulating defense-related genes and the salicylic and jasmonic acid-mediated disease resistance signaling pathways.

19.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243509, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284833

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The carcinogenesis role of PARP1 in lung cancer is still not clear. Analysis at allelic levels cannot fully explain the function of PARP1 on lung cancer. Our study aims to further explore the relation between PARP1 haplotypes and lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DNA and RNA were extracted from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumor and adjacent normal fresh frozen tissue. Five PARP1-SNPs were genotyped and PARP1-specific SNPs were imputed using IMPUTE and SHAPEIT software. The SNPs were subjected to allelic, haplotype and SNP-SNP interaction analyses. Correlation between SNPs and mRNA/protein expressions were performed. RESULTS: SNP imputation inferred the ungenotyped SNPs and increased the power for association analysis. Tumor tissue samples are more likely to carry rs1805414 (OR = 1.85; 95% CI: 1.12-3.06; P-value: 0.017) and rs1805404 (OR = 2.74; 95%CI 1.19-6.32; P-value: 0.015) compared to normal tissues. Our study is the first study to show that haplotypes comprising of 5 SNPs on PARP1 (rs1136410, rs3219073, rs1805414, rs1805404, rs1805415) is able to differentiate the NSCLC tumor from normal tissues. Interaction between rs3219073, rs1805415, and rs1805414 were significantly associated with the NSCLC tumor with OR ranging from 3.61-6.75; 95%CI from 1.82 to 19.9; P-value<0.001. CONCLUSION: PARP1 haplotypes may serve as a better predictor in lung cancer development and prognosis compared to single alleles.

20.
J Fish Dis ; 2020 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340375

RESUMO

Rapid and user-friendly diagnostic tests are necessary for early diagnosis and immediate detection of diseases, particularly for on-site screening of pathogenic microorganisms in aquaculture. In this study, we developed a dual-sample microfluidic chip integrated with a real-time fluorogenic loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (dual-sample on-chip LAMP) to simultaneously detect 10 pathogenic microorganisms, that is Aeromonas hydrophila, Edwardsiella tarda, Vibrio harveyi, V. alginolyticus, V. anguillarum, V. parahaemolyticus, V. vulnificus, infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis virus, infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus, and white spot syndrome virus. This on-chip LAMP provided a nearly automated protocol that can analyse two samples simultaneously, and the tests achieved limits of detection (LOD) ranging from 100 to 10-1  pg/µl for genomic DNA of tested bacteria and 10-4 to 10-5  pg/µl for recombinant plasmid DNA of tested viruses, with run times averaging less than 30 min. The coefficient of variation for the time-to-positive value was less than 10%, reflecting a robust reproducibility. The clinical sensitivity and specificity were 93.52% and 85.53%, respectively, compared to conventional microbiological or clinical methods. The on-chip LAMP assay provides an effective dual-sample and multiple pathogen analysis, and thus would be applicable to on-site detection and routine monitoring of multiple pathogens in aquaculture.

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