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1.
Brain Topogr ; 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35006499

RESUMO

To study the associations between RDH12 gene mutations, fundus types, and clinical manifestations. In total, 46 patients with inherited eye diseases caused by RDH12 gene mutations were included in this study. High-throughput chip capture sequencing, Sanger sequencing, and gene panel detection were used to determine that RDH12 was the pathogenic gene. All patients underwent the following detailed ophthalmic examinations: visual acuity, visual field, intraocular pressure, fundus photography, electroretinography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Statistical analysis was used to evaluate the clinical phenotype. A total of 32 mutations were identified in 46 patients. The most common mutations were c.437T > A, c.184C > T, and c.524C > T; the corresponding amino acid changes were p.Val146Asp, p.Arg62Ter, and p.Ser175Leu. Of the 46 patients, retinitis pigmentosa (RP) was found in 31 (68.9%); leber congenital amaurosis (LVA) was found in 11 (24.4%); early onset of severe retinal dystrophy (EOSRD) was found in one (2.2%); cone rod dystrophy (CORD) was found in one (2.2%); and Stargardt disease was found in one (2.2%). There was a significant difference in best-corrected visual acuity among patients based on fundus type (p = 0.0124). Linear trend analysis showed that best-corrected visual acuity gradually decreased as the fundus type increased in severity. In addition, there was a significant difference in the incidence of night blindness among patients with different fundus types (p = 0.0429): types I and IV fundi were associated with the highest incidences of night blindness. RDH12 gene mutation can cause serious inherited retinal diseases, which primarily include RP and LCA. Combined with clinical symptoms and fundus types, the progression of the disease can be characterized and used to guide genetic diagnosis and gene therapy.

2.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 536, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34852816

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been proven that gut microbiota alterations are involved in the development of Henoch-Schönlein Purpura (HSP). However, the pathogenesis of HSP hasn't been eluciated. This study was to investigate the impact of gut microbiota from HSP on ASIC3 expression and interactions between microbiota and ASIC3 expression in the development of HSP. METHODS: Feces collected from HSP and healthy children at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were made into fecal microbial solutions. Germ-free rats were randomly assigned to either the control or HSP groups. The HSP group of rats were administered the fecal microbiota solution of HSP children, while the control group rats were administered the fecal microbiota solution of healthy children. Abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) and intestinal propulsion rate of the rats were used to determine visceral sensitivity. Composition of the gut microbiota of HSP children was determined using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. ASIC3 expression in the colon was ascertained through qRT-PCR as well as western blotting analysis. RESULTS: The results showed a reduction in the number of species and abundance in the intestinal microbiota of children with HSP. Visceral sensitivity and intestinal propulsion rate of HSP group rats increased significantly, compared with the control group. Colon ASIC3 mRNA and protein levels in the HSP group were found to be upregulated. The microbiota dysbiosis of HSP patients could stimulate ASIC3 expression in the colon of Germ-free rats, which in turn affected intestinal motility. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that HSP children had intestinal microbiota disorder, which might affect gut motility by down-regulating colon ASIC3 expression in rats.

3.
J Affect Disord ; 299: 416-424, 2021 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34906641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internet addiction (IA) is associated with adverse consequences, especially for younger people. Evidence indicates that IA is associated with depression, but no studies have yet investigated potential common vulnerability between them. METHODS: IA (measured by the Young's 20-item Internet Addiction Test Scale) and depressive symptoms (measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Scale) among 12 043 undergraduates were surveyed at baseline and at a respective 12 month follow-up for each participant. Application of a cross-lagged panel model approach (CLPM) revealed an association between IA and depression after adjusting for demographic variables. RESULTS: Rates of baseline IA and depression were 5.47% (95% CI: 5.07%, 5.88%) and 3.85% (95% CI: 3.51%, 4.20%), respectively; increasing to 9.47% (95% CI: 8.94%, 9.99%) and 5.58% (95% CI: 5.17%,5.99%), respectively, at follow-up. Rates of new-incidences of IA and depression over 12 months were 7.43% (95% CI: 6.95%, 7.91%) and 4.47% (95% CI: 4.09%, 4.84%), respectively. Models in the present analysis revealed that baseline depression had a significant net-predictive effect on follow-up IA, and baseline IA had a significant net-predictive effect on follow-up depression. LIMITATIONS: The follow-up survey response rate was moderate (54.69%) in this analysis of university students. Moreover, the IAT-20 scale did not allow differentiate between specific forms of Internet activity. CONCLUSIONS: Common vulnerability and bidirectional cross-causal effects may both contribute to the association between IA and depression, with common vulnerability likely playing a more significant role than cross-causal effects.

4.
Front Surg ; 8: 770169, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901145

RESUMO

Introduction: We aimed to develop an easy-to-use individual survival prognostication tool based on competing risk analyses to predict the risk of 5-year cancer-specific death after radical prostatectomy for patients with prostate cancer (PCa). Methods: We obtained the data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (2004-2016). The main variables obtained included age at diagnosis, marital status, race, pathological extension, regional lymphonode status, prostate specific antigen level, pathological Gleason Score. In order to reveal the independent prognostic factors. The cumulative incidence function was used as the univariable competing risk analyses and The Fine and Gray's proportional subdistribution hazard approach was used as the multivariable competing risk analyses. With these factors, a nomogram and risk stratification based on the nomogram was established. Concordance index (C-index) and calibration curves were used for validation. Results: A total of 95,812 patients were included and divided into training cohort (n = 67,072) and validation cohort (n = 28,740). Seven independent prognostic factors including age, race, marital status, pathological extension, regional lymphonode status, PSA level, and pathological GS were used to construct the nomogram. In the training cohort, the C-index was 0.828 (%95CI, 0.812-0.844), and the C-index was 0.838 (%95CI, 0.813-0.863) in the validation cohort. The results of the cumulative incidence function showed that the discrimination of risk stratification based on nomogram is better than that of the risk stratification system based on D'Amico risk stratification. Conclusions: We successfully developed the first competing risk nomogram to predict the risk of cancer-specific death after surgery for patients with PCa. It has the potential to help clinicians improve post-operative management of patients.

5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 768662, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34917665

RESUMO

Background: Intimal hyperplasia is a major complication of restenosis after angioplasty. The abnormal proliferation and oxidative stress of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are the basic pathological feature of neointimal hyperplasia. 17ß-Estradiol can inhibit VSMCs proliferation and inflammation. However, it is still unclear whether and how 17ß-Estradiol affects intimal hyperplasia. Methods: The neointima hyperplasia was observed by hematoxylin/eosin staining. The expression of PCNA, cyclin D1, NOX1, NOX4 and p47phox in neointima hyperplasia tissues and VSMCs was determined by qRT-PCR and Western blotting. MTS assay, cell counting and EdU staining were performed to detect cells proliferation. The oxidative stress was assessed by ROS staining. Results: 17ß-Estradiol suppressed carotid artery ligation-induced intimal hyperplasia, which is accompanied by an increase of BHLHE40 level. Furthermore, loss- and gain-of-function experiments revealed that BHLHE40 knockdown promotes, whereas BHLHE40 overexpression inhibits TNF-α-induced VSMC proliferation and oxidative stress. 17ß-Estradiol inhibited TNF-α-induced VSMC proliferation and oxidative stress by promoting BHLHE40 expression, thereby suppressing MAPK signaling pathways. In addition, enforcing the expression of BHLHE40 leads to amelioration of intimal hyperplasia. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that 17ß-Estradiol inhibits proliferation and oxidative stress in vivo and in vitro by promotion of BHLHE40 expression.

6.
Andrology ; 2021 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34964561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to environmental pollution via different mechanisms is associated with multiple endocrine dysfunctions. Organophosphate esters (OPEs) are endocrine-disrupting chemicals that affect sex steroid hormones. PURPOSE: We aimed to study the effect of OPEs and their metabolites, such as dibutyl phosphate [DPHP], bis(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate [BDCPP], bis(2-chloroethyl) phosphate [BCEP], and dibutyl phosphate [DBUP], on sex steroid hormones in males. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND INTERVENTION: This cross-sectional analytical study analyzed data from the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey among 763 male participants aged ≥20 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The relationships between the metabolites of OPEs and total testosterone, estradiol, sex hormone-binding globulin, and the ratio of total testosterone to estradiol (a parameter derived from total testosterone and estradiol) were evaluated using multivariate linear regression models that were adjusted for potential confounders. RESULTS: A total of 763 participants, with a mean age of 44.59 (±15.59) years, were enrolled. Of these, 65.7% participants had non-Hispanic white ancestry, 9.83% had non-Hispanic black ancestry, and 15.97% had Hispanic ancestry. Participants with higher urinary level of DPHP had a lower level of total testosterone and estradiol. Moreover, higher urinary levels of BDCPP were associated with higher estradiol. CONCLUSION: According to our study, which is based on a representative population of US adults, exposure to OPEs was significantly associated with altered sex hormone levels (total testosterone and estradiol). Further studies focused on the underlying mechanisms regarding the association between each metabolite and sex steroid hormones are required. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

7.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 739210, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721109

RESUMO

Background: Discriminating between major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD) remains challenging and cognitive deficits in MDD and BD are generally recognized. In this study, the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF) approach was performed to explore neural activity and cognition in first-episode, drug-naïve BD and MDD patients, as well as the relationship between altered fALFF values and clinical or psychometric variables. Methods: A total of 21 BD patients, 25 MDD patients, and 41 healthy controls (HCs) completed clinical assessments and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) scans in this study. The rs-fMRI data were analyzed by fALFF method and Pearson correlation analyses were performed between altered fALFF values and clinical variables or cognition. Support vector machine (SVM) was adopted to identify the three groups from each other with abnormal fALFF values in the brain regions obtained by group comparisons. Results: (1) The fALFF values were significantly different in the frontal lobe, temporal lobe, and left precuneus among three groups. In comparison to HCs, BD showed increased fALFF values in the right inferior temporal gyrus (ITG) and decreased fALFF values in the right middle temporal gyrus, while MDD showed decreased fALFF values in the right cerebellar lobule IV/V. In comparison to MDD, BD showed decreased fALFF values in bilateral posterior cingulate gyrus and the right cerebellar lobule VIII/IX. (2) In the BD group, a negative correlation was found between increased fALFF values in the right ITG and years of education, and a positive correlation was found between decreased fALFF values in the right cerebellar lobule VIII/IX and visuospatial abilities. (3) The fALFF values in the right cerebellar lobule VIII/IX may have the ability to discriminate BD patients from MDD patients, with sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy all over 0.70. Conclusions: Abnormal brain activities were observed in BD and MDD and were related with cognition in BD patients. The abnormality in the cerebellum can be potentially used to identify BD from MDD patients.

8.
Asian J Androl ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596600

RESUMO

To reduce treatment-related side effects in low-risk prostate cancer (PCa), both focal therapy and deferred treatments, including active surveillance (AS) and watchful waiting (WW), are worth considering over radical prostatectomy (RP). Therefore, this study aimed to compare long-term survival outcomes between focal therapy and AS/WW. Data were obtained and analyzed from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Patients with low-risk PCa who received focal therapy or AS/WW from 2010 to 2016 were included. Focal therapy included cryotherapy and laser ablation. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to compare overall mortality (OM) and cancer-specific mortality (CSM) between AS/WW and focal therapy, and propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to reduce the influence of bias and unmeasured confounders. A total of 19 292 patients with low-risk PCa were included in this study. In multivariate Cox proportional hazards model analysis, the risk of OM was higher in patients receiving focal therapy than those receiving AS/WW (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.35, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02-1.79, P = 0.037), whereas no significant difference was found in CSM (HR = 0.98, 95% CI: 0.23-4.11, P = 0.977). After PSM, the OM and CSM of focal therapy and AS/WW showed no significant differences (HR = 1.26, 95% CI: 0.92-1.74, P = 0.149; and HR = 1.26, 95% CI: 0.24-6.51, P = 0.782, respectively). For patients with low-risk PCa, focal therapy was no match for AS/WW in decreasing OM, suggesting that AS/WW could bring more overall survival benefits.

9.
Cancer Lett ; 523: 43-56, 2021 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34601021

RESUMO

Membrane vesicles, including exosomes and microparticles (MPs), serve to package and transfer the cellular cargo during inter/extracellular communication, which is of great interest in cancer development, especially in the dissemination of signal transduction-associated traits from donor cells to recipient cells. Although increasing evidence suggests that microparticles (MPs) contribute to the development of cancer, their unique characteristics remain to be exploited. Here, we examined the secretion of MPs in tumor tissues from triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients and found that the tumor cells could release MPs loaded with immune checkpoint molecular programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), especially in patients treated with traditional clinical interventions, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. These PD-L1-loading MPs contribute to the suppressive immune microenvironment, eventually resulting in the tumor progression in TNBC. Mechanically, we proved that PD-L1-loading MPs could suppress the activation and function of functional cluster of differentiation CD8+ T cells. Meanwhile, the PD-L1-loading MPs could mediate the differentiation of macrophages toward the immune-suppressive M2 phenotype via the activation of the TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) signal and suppression of the serine-threonine kinase (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signal. Given the increasing MP production induced by traditional clinical interventions, we further combined chemotherapy with the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab (ATZ) to efficiently abrogate the immunosuppression caused by the PD-L1-loading MPs. Therefore, our study unveils the mechanism by which tumor cells systemically evade immune surveillance by releasing the PD-L1-loading MPs, and provides new insights into clinical TNBC immunotherapy.

10.
World J Urol ; 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716773

RESUMO

PURPOSE: It has been reported that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exposure was associated with the increasing risk of various diseases. Utilizing the data from the general population of the U.S., we tried to assess the association between PAHs exposure and KS. METHODS: The dataset was extracted from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2016. The hydroxylated metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) were detected as representative of urinary PAHs. Ranking-based PAHs score was used to evaluate the total PAHs exposure burden. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the association between PAHs exposure and KS after adjusting a series of confounding factors. RESULTS: 8975 eligible participants were included. In multivariable logistic regression analyses, after adjusting confounding variables, 2-hydroxynaphthalene (OR 1.38, 1.16-1.65; p = 0.038) and 9-hydroxyfluorene (OR 1.39, 1.06-1.84, p = 0.019) were still observed to have significant positive correlations with the prevalence of KS, respectively. The incidence of KS increased significantly with the increase of total PAHs burden (p for trend = 0.011). Significant interaction effects were observed in the subgroup of gender (p for interaction < 0.05). Among female participants, PAHs exposure was more significantly correlated with KS. Higher 2-hydroxynaphthalene (OR 1.94, 1.39-2.70; p < 0.001), 1-hydroxyphenanthrene (OR 1.57, 1.07-2.30; p = 0.022) and 2-hydroxyphenanthrene (OR 1.85, 1.11-3.06; p = 0.018) were significantly associated with the increased incidence of KS in women. CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant association between a high level of PAHs exposure and increased prevalence of KS. In particular, in the female population, the relationship between PAHs exposure and KS is especially significant.

11.
J Affect Disord ; 295: 431-437, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe mental illness that affects more than 1% the world's population with high recurrence rates and a series of comorbidities. Cognitive dysfunction is an endophenotype of BD, but sex influences in cognitive impairment remains unclear. METHOD: We evaluated the performance of 139 patients with first-diagnosed, drug-naïve BD (44 males and 95 females) and 92 healthy controls (24 males and 68 females) using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) scale and the Stroop color-word test. RESULT: Immediate memory, visuospatial/constructional ability, language, attention, delayed memory, total RBANS score, and Stroop color-word scores were significantly lower in patients with first-diagnosed, drug-naïve BD than healthy participants. Thus, male patients had worse attention and delayed memory scores compared with female patients with BD. Importantly, a worse performance in visuospatial/constructional ability was negatively associated with the Young Mania Rating Scale score in male patients only. CONCLUSION: Male patients with first-diagnosed, drug-naïve bipolar disorder had worse cognitive dysfunction than female patients in attention and delayed memory. Cognitive deficits were correlated with mania severity only in male patients. These findings reveal the sexual dimorphism in the cognitive deficits of early BD patients with mild and moderated symptoms for further pathophysiological exploration.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico , Transtorno Bipolar/epidemiologia , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Caracteres Sexuais
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523086

RESUMO

Organophosphate esters (OPEs) impact health in many ways. Since its relationship with urinary incontinence remains unknown, we aimed to explore their associations in the US general population. We combined the results of urine specimens test and self-reported urinary incontinence conditions from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013-2014 among 2666 participants and then conducted linear regression and logistic regression to analyse associations between log2-transformed OPE concentrations and urinary incontinence. We found that 0.92% of men and 15.74% of women complained of mixed urinary incontinence (MUI). The concentrations of diphenyl phosphate (DPHP) were significantly correlated to MUI among women when treated as a continuous variable (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 1.15; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.01-1.31; p = 0.0369) and as a categorical variable (adjusted OR = 1.24; 95% CI, 1.03-1.49; p for trend = 0.0245), whereas no positive correlation was found in males. There were no significant associations between the other three OPEs: bis(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (BCEP), bis(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (BDCPP) and dibutyl phosphate (DBUP). The association of DPHP with an increased prevalence OR of MUI in women is a public health concern; future prospective studies are needed to explore its potential mechanism.

13.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 699292, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34434127

RESUMO

Default mode network (DMN) plays a key role in the pathophysiology of in bipolar disorder (BD). However, the homogeneity of this network in BD is still poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate abnormalities in the NH of the DMN at rest and the correlation between the NH of DMN and clinical variables in patients with BD. Forty drug-naive patients with BD and thirty-seven healthy control subjects participated in the study. Network homogeneity (NH) and independent component analysis (ICA) methods were used for data analysis. Support vector machines (SVM) method was used to analyze NH in different brain regions. Compared with healthy controls, significantly increased NH in the left superior medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC) and decreased NH in the right posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and bilateral precuneus were found in patients with BD. NH in the right PCC was positively correlated with the verbal fluency test and verbal function total scores. NH in the left superior MPFC was negatively correlated with triglyceride (TG). NH in the right PCC was positively correlated with TG but negatively correlated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). NH in the bilateral precuneus was positively correlated with cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). In addition, NH in the left superior MPFC showed high sensitivity (80.00%), specificity (71.43%), and accuracy (75.61%) in the SVM results. These findings contribute new evidence of the participation of the altered NH of the DMN in the pathophysiology of BD.

14.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 5560453, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34194487

RESUMO

Objectives: Previous researches have demonstrated that abnormal functional connectivity (FC) is associated with the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD). However, inconsistent results were obtained due to different selections of regions of interest in previous researches. This study is aimed at examining voxel-wise brain-wide functional connectivity (FC) alterations in the first-episode, drug-naive patient with BD in an unbiased way. Methods: A total of 35 patients with BD and 37 age-, sex-, and education-matched healthy controls underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). Global-brain FC (GFC) was applied to analyze the image data. Support vector machine (SVM) was adopted to probe whether GFC abnormalities could be used to identify the patients from the controls. Results: Patients with BD exhibited increased GFC in the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG), pars triangularis and left precuneus (PCu)/superior occipital gyrus (SOG). The left PCu belongs to the default mode network (DMN). Furthermore, increased GFC in the LIFG, pars triangularis was positively correlated with the triglycerides (TG) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and negatively correlated with the scores of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) coding test and Stroop color. Increased GFC values in the left PCu/SOG can be applied to discriminate patients from controls with preferable sensitivity (80.00%), specificity (75.68%), and accuracy (77.78%). Conclusions: This study found increased GFC in the brain regions of DMN; LIFG, pars triangularis; and LSOG, which was associated with dyslipidemia and cognitive impairment in patients with BD. Moreover, increased GFC values in the left PCu/SOG may be utilized as a potential biomarker to differentiate patients with BD from controls.

15.
J Affect Disord ; 293: 90-96, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the role of Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in clinical and cognitive outcomes in medication-naïve patients with Bipolar type II disorder (BD II) and Major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: 45 outpatients with BD II, 40 outpatients with MDD and 40 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited, and sociodemographic and clinical data were collected. Their BDNF serum levels were measured and analyzed with the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). RESULTS: BDNF levels were significantly lower in BD II patients than in MDD patients and HCs (p = 0.001). BD II and MDD patients had similar cognitive performance deficits shown on Attention (p = 0.001), Delayed memory (p = 0.001), and RBANS total score (p = 0.001). BDNF levels were positively associated with Visuospatial / constructional and Stroop color-word in BD II group, and with language in MDD group. The area under the curve (AUC) of the ROC analysis in BD II vs. MDD was 0.664, therefore, BDNF levels could not distinguish BD II from MDD. CONCLUSION: Our study showed the decreased serum BDNF in MDD and BD II patients, suggesting BDNF may be involved in the pathophysiology of MDD and BD II. BDNF and cognitive deficits are both of low efficiency in distinguishing BD II from MDD. Decrease of BDNF may potentially indicate cognitive dysfunction in BD II and MDD patients with a current depressive episode.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar , Transtornos Cognitivos , Disfunção Cognitiva , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Transtorno Bipolar/complicações , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo , Humanos
17.
Asian J Urol ; 8(2): 227-234, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33996481

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the oncological outcomes of ductal adenocarcinoma of the prostate (DAC) managed with radical prostatectomy (RP) or radiotherapy (RT) and optimize the proper treatment modality to DAC comprehensively. Methods: The cohorts included a total of 528 patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database, 354 receiving RP and 174 receiving RT. Cox proportional hazards regressions were performed to assess cancer specific mortality (CSM) and overall mortality (OM) between treatment groups. A competing risk analysis was further conducted. Subgroup analyses by age and level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were performed. Propensity score matching was implemented. Results: Patients managed with RP had lower risks of CSM and OM compared with RT (before matching: Hazard ratio [HR]=0.24, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.13-0.47 and HR=0.26, 95% CI 0.17-0.40, respectively; after matching: HR=0.18, 95% CI 0.04-0.82 and HR=0.28, 95% CI 0.11-0.70, accordingly). Subgroup analyses demonstrated that patients in the middle tertile of the age or with lower tertile PSA level managed with RP took lower risks of OM significantly (HR=0.18, 95% CI 0.06-0.57, p<0.01 and HR=0.17, 95% CI 0.06-0.54, p<0.01). Conclusion: Among patients with DAC, treatment with RP was associated with better survival outcomes in comparison with RT. Patients with DAC in the middle tertile of the age and with lower tertile PSA level benefited the most from RP.

18.
Open Med (Wars) ; 16(1): 749-753, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34013047

RESUMO

In recent months, the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become a major public health crisis with takeover more than 1 million lives worldwide. The long-lasting existence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has not yet been reported. Herein, we report a case of SARS-CoV-2 infection with intermittent viral polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-positive for >4 months after clinical rehabilitation. A 35-year-old male was diagnosed with COVID-19 pneumonia with fever but without other specific symptoms. The treatment with lopinavir-ritonavir, oxygen inhalation, and other symptomatic supportive treatment facilitated recovery, and the patient was discharged. However, his viral PCR test was continually positive in oropharyngeal swabs for >4 months after that. At the end of June 2020, he was still under quarantine and observation. The contribution of current antivirus therapy might be limited. The prognosis of COVID-19 patients might be irrelevant to the virus status. Thus, further investigation to evaluate the contagiousness of convalescent patients and the mechanism underlying the persistent existence of SARS-CoV-2 after recovery is essential. A new strategy of disease control, especially extending the follow-up period for recovered COVID-19 patients, is necessary to adapt to the current situation of pandemic.

19.
Chemistry ; 27(28): 7731-7737, 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792092

RESUMO

Transition-metal phosphates have been widely applied as promising candidates for electrochemical energy storage and conversion. In this study, we report a simple method to prepare a N, F co-doped mesoporous cobalt phosphate with rich-oxygen vacancies by in-situ pyrolysis of a Co-phosphate precursor with NH4 + cations and F- anions. Due to this heteroatom doping, it could achieve a current density of 10 mA/cm2 at lower overpotential of 276 mV and smaller Tafel slope of 57.11 mV dec-1 on glassy carbon. Moreover, it could keep 92 % of initial current density for 35 h, indicating it has an excellent stability and durability. Furthermore, the optimal material applied in supercapacitor displays specific capacitance of 206.3 F g-1 at 1 A ⋅ g-1 and maintains cycling stability with 80 % after 3000 cycles. The excellent electrochemical properties should be attributed to N, F co-doping into this Co-based phosphate, which effectively modulates its electronic structure. In addition, its amorphous structure provides more active sites; moreover, its mesoporous structure should be beneficial to mass transfer and electrolyte diffusion.

20.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(8): 11610-11628, 2021 04 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33885378

RESUMO

Chronic angiotensin II (Ang II) stimulation induces vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) senescence, and circRNAs and members of the ILF3 family are implicated in cellular senescence, but the mechanism underlying regulation of circRNAs and ILF3 by Ang II in VSMCs remains poorly understood. Here, a model of Ang II-induced VSMC senescence and the renal artery of hypertensive patients were used to investigate the roles and mechanisms of circACTA2 and ILF3 in VSMC senescence. We show that circACTA2 expression was elevated in Ang II-stimulated VSMCs and in the vascular walls of hypertensive patients. circACTA2 knockdown largely abrogated Ang II-induced VSMC senescence as shown by decreased p21 expression and increased CDK4 expression as well as by decreased SA ß-gal-positive cells. Oligo pull-down and RIP assays revealed that both circACTA2 and CDK4 mRNA could bind with ILF3, and Ang II facilitated circACTA2 association with ILF3 and attenuated ILF3 interaction with CDK4 mRNA. Mechanistically, increased circACTA2 by Ang II reduced ILF3 association with CDK4 mRNA by competing with CDK4 mRNA to bind to ILF3, which decreases CDK4 mRNA stability and protein expression, thus leading to Ang II-induced VSMC senescence. Targeting the circACTA2-ILF3-CDK4 axis may provide a novel therapeutic strategy for VSMC senescence-associated cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Senescência Celular/genética , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/genética , Hipertensão/patologia , Proteínas do Fator Nuclear 90/metabolismo , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo
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