Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 884
Filtrar
1.
J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry ; 66: 101516, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although trauma research and therapy primarily focus on traumatic memories, recent evidence indicates positive memory processes play a role in the etiology/maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity. We examined the effects of a novel positive memory processing technique on PTSD symptom severity, depression symptom severity, affect, posttrauma cognitions, and self-esteem. METHODS: Sixty-five trauma-exposed participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions (narrating/processing vs. writing/processing two specific positive memories, or a time-matched control) and completed self-report measures pre- and post-task (T0). About one week later, participants repeated their assigned task condition and completed self-report measures pre- and post-task (T1). We conducted mixed ANOVAs to examine the impact of the technique on study variables over time. RESULTS: The narrating condition had significant decreases in PTSD symptom severity, posttrauma cognitions, and negative affect from T0 pre-task to T1 post-task; and significant increases in positive affect from T0 pre-to-post-task and from T1 pre-to-post-task. The writing condition had significant increases in positive affect from T0 pre-to-post-task, but a significant decrease from T0 post-task to T1 post-task; and significant decreases in negative affect from T0 pre-to-post-task with an increase from T0 post-task to T1 post-task. LIMITATIONS: Use of self-report measures, non-clinical convenience sample with less gender/ethnic/racial diversity, small sample size, methodological differences in time frames for measures, and no examination of follow-up effects. CONCLUSIONS: Narrating and processing specific positive memories had a beneficial impact on PTSD symptom severity, posttrauma maladaptive cognitions, and affect; such results provide an impetus to examine positive memory interventions in trauma clinical work.

2.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e031337, 2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685508

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of visual impairment (VI) and blindness (BL) due to cataract and cataract surgical outcomes in remote dispersed and high-altitude Tibetan areas of China. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study was conducted among people aged 50 and above in Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Kandze (TAPK), China, in 2017. The Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness protocol was followed. PARTICIPANTS: Of 5000 eligible participants, 4764 were examined (response rate 95.3%). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Cataract VI was defined as lens opacity at visual acuity (VA) levels of <3/60 (Blindness (BL)), ≥3/60 and <6/60 (severe visual impairment (SVI)), ≥6/60 and <6/18 (moderate visual impairment (MVI)), ≥6/18 and <6/12 (early visual impairment (EVI)). RESULTS: The estimated prevalence of cataract BL was 0.61% (95% CI 0.42 to 0.87). With best corrected VA, the estimated prevalence of SVI from cataract was 0.86% (95% CI 0.63 to 1.17); MVI was 2.39% (95% CI 2.00 to 2.87) and EVI was 5.21% (95% CI 4.61 to 5.87). Women in TAPK had a significantly higher prevalence of cataract BL (0.82%, 95% CI 0.54 to 2.15) than men (0.34%, 95% CI 0.16 to 0.70). Women had lower cataract surgical coverage (CSC) by eyes (60.8%, 95% CI 55.5 to 65.8) compared with men (70.1%; 95% CI 63.7 to 75.7). The prevalence of cataract BL was higher among Tibetan (2.28%; 95% CI 1.98 to 2.62) than Han Chinese (1.01%%; 95% CI 0.54% to 1.87%). Overall CSC by person with BL (by better eye) was 82.0% (95% CI 75.2 to 87.6). Among cataract-operated participants, 71.2% had VA equal to or better than 6/18. CONCLUSIONS: The study detected a low prevalence of VI and BL due to cataract with high CSC in the study area compared with many other places in China. Further actions should be taken to improve cataract surgical outcome.

3.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther ; : 1074248419885633, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698947

RESUMO

AIM: Vascular calcification (VC) is thought to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Intermedin1-53 (IMD) is a cardiovascular protective peptide and can inhibit vascular medial calcification in rats. In this study, we investigated the effect of IMD on atherosclerotic calcification induced by a high-fat diet plus homocysteine (Hcy) and the potential mechanisms. METHODS: ApoE-/- mice were fed a high-fat diet with Hcy in drinking water to induce atherosclerotic calcification. RESULTS: As compared to the high-fat diet alone, Hcy treatment significantly increased atherosclerotic lesion areas and the number of calcified nodules in aortic roots and was reduced by IMD infusion or 4-phenylbutyric acid (PBA) treatment. In vitro, as compared to calcifying medium alone, Hcy treatment further increased alkaline phosphatase activity, calcium content, and calcium nodule number in human aorta vascular smooth muscle cells (HA-VSMCs), all blocked by IMD or PBA pretreatment. Mechanistically, IMD or PBA significantly alleviated endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) activation compared with Hcy treatment. In parallel, IMD or PBA attenuated the messenger RNA levels of osteogenic markers and inflammatory cytokines in aortas and their protein levels in lesions of aortic roots. In vitro, Hcy treatment significantly increased the protein levels of osteoblast-like cell markers in primary rat VSMCs and inflammation markers in mouse peritoneal macrophages, all decreased with IMD or PBA pretreatment. Intermedin1-53 pretreatment also markedly reduced the protein levels of ERS markers in rat VSMCs and mouse peritoneal macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: Intermedin1-53 protects against Hcy-promoted atherosclerotic calcification in ApoE-/- mice by inhibiting ERS.

4.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pretibial dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB-Pt) is an extremely rare subtype of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) characterized by blistering and scar formation. The pathogenesis of the disease is mainly due to the mutation of COL7A1 gene encoding type VII collagen fibers, resulting in the destruction of the anchoring structure of the epidermis and dermis. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to discover the major mutations in DEB-Pt by studying this family and reviewing the literature on DEB-Pt. PATIENTS/METHODS: We examined the patients by clinical manifestations and histopathology, extracted DNA from blood samples from 7 individuals in the family via FlexiGene DNA Kit, and then sequenced the samples using whole-exon sequencing (WES). RESULT: Characteristic clinical manifestations such as blisters and scars were found in the patients. Genetic analysis revealed a missense mutation in exon 87(c.6860G>A) of COL7A1 gene, which has never been reported before. CONCLUSION: The discovery of the new mutation extends the COL7A1 mutation database. We also reviewed all the mutation in DEB-Pt from relevant literature at home and abroad. This will facilitate the molecular diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of DEB-Pt.

5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(23)2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766345

RESUMO

A PSD-based solar spot position detection system is developed for solar tracking closed-loop control of mobile SOF-FTIR (Solar Occultation Flux method based on Fourier Transform Infrared spectrometer). The positioning error factors of PSD (position sensitive detector) are analyzed in detail. A voltage model for PSD signal conditioning circuit has been established to investigate the noise factors. The model shows that the positioning error is mainly related to PSD dark current and circuit gain. A static voltage deduction calibration method based on genetic algorithm is proposed to eliminate the effect of dark current. The gain ratio between channels is calculated based on the fitting curve slope of discrete position data of PSD center point with different light intensity for circuit gain calibration. The positioning accuracy and precision are greatly enhanced, especially when the light intensity is weak, compared with uncalibrated results. The positioning accuracy of center, middle and edge areas of PSD can reach 0.14%, 0.49%, and 1.09%, respectively, after correction in the range of light intensity voltage from 40 mV to 20 V. The corresponding standard deviations of each region are 0.005, 0.009, and 0.014, respectively. The adjustment methods proposed in this paper improve both measurement accuracy and detection limit. The results demonstrate that the calibrated PSD positioning accuracy can meet the requirements of SOF-FTIR for solar tracking.

6.
Molecules ; 24(23)2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766544

RESUMO

Cancer is one of the foremost causes of death globally and also the major stumbling block of increasing life expectancy. Although the primary treatment of surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy have greatly reduced the mortality of cancer, the survival rate is still low because of the metastasis of tumor, a range of adverse drug reactions, and drug resistance. For all this, it is relevant to mention that a growing amount of research has shown the anticarcinogenic effect of phytochemicals which can modulate the molecular pathways and cellular events include apoptosis, cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. However, their pharmacological potential is hindered by their low water solubility, low stability, poor absorption, and rapid metabolism. In this scenario, the development of nanotechnology has created novel formulations to maximize the potential use of phytochemicals in anticancer treatment. Nanocarriers can enhance the solubility and stability of phytochemicals, prolong their half-life in blood and even achieve site-targeting delivery. This review summarizes the advances in utilizing nanoparticles in cancer therapy. In particular, we introduce several applications of nanoparticles combined with apigenin, resveratrol, curcumin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, 6-gingerol, and quercetin in cancer treatment.

7.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760539

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to explore the expression levels of JAK2 and PTPRC in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from SLE patients and controls, detect the effects of SLE activity on genes mRNA expression, and find the association between genes mRNA expression and clinical manifestations of patients. We performed quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) to test differences in the expression levels of JAK2 and PTPRC in PBMCs extracted from 135 patients with SLE and 130 healthy controls. Furthermore, we detected the regulatory effect of SNPs on gene expression by expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL). We also tested whether the genes mRNA expression was affected with the SLE activity and analyzed the relationship between genes mRNA expression and clinical manifestations of patients. The mRNA expression levels of JAK2 in SLE patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (P = 0.005), and PTPRC mRNA expression levels were significantly decreased (P < 0.001). However, no other statistical significance was detected. We found that the elevated JAK2 mRNA expression and the decreased PTPRC mRNA expression may play suggestive roles in the pathogenesis of SLE.Key Points• The JAK2 mRNA expression levels in SLE patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls.• The PTPRC mRNA expression levels in SLE were decreased.• JAK2 and PTPRC mRNA expression may play suggestive roles in the pathogenesis of SLE.

8.
Analyst ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769453

RESUMO

A new quantitative analysis method was proposed, aiming at resolving the difficulty encountered in accurately determining the trace content of a free acid in lithium-ion battery electrolytes in the past 30 years. The presented method overcame the three restrictive factors of lithium-ion battery electrolytes, namely, poor thermal stability, the formation of hydrofluoric acid with water and difficulty in the accurate determination of trace free acids. The free acid in lithium-ion battery electrolytes was directly titrated with ethoxide ions generated through the electrolyzation of a 0.50 mol L-1 LiCl ethanol solution. The content of free acid was obtained according to the Faraday's law, and the whole determination process could be completed in 5 minutes. The relative standard deviation was below 2.0% when the content of free acid was 2.0 µg and above. The detection limit was 1.0 µg and the recovery rate was 99.5%-102.5%. In this method, free acid determination was not affected by temperature change and the existence of a small amount of water. Thus, this study provides a simple, fast and accurate analytical method with a lower detection limit for free acid in the lithium-ion battery industry and comprehensively improves the quality of lithium-ion battery electrolytes and the performance of lithium-ion battery products.

9.
Langmuir ; 35(45): 14473-14480, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621327

RESUMO

To prepare intelligent controllable oil/water separation materials with high mechanical stability and good recyclability, we fabricated a novel pH-controlled wettability melamine sponge by using a facile dip-coating method. The coated sponge exhibits reversibly switchable wettability between superhydrophilicity-superoleophobicity through acidic surrounding and superhydrophobicity-superoleophilicity under neutral or alkaline conditions. The as-prepared sponge possesses excellent absorption capacity (46.06-122.81 g/g) and oil/water separation efficiency (above 98%). The coated sponge also has good mechanical stability and recyclability which means it can be reused for absorption and oil/water separation. This smart porous material, which can flexibly transform wettability on demand, has great application prospects in oil/water separation.

10.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(10): 703-8, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657158

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on incisional pain and expression of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) of cervical dorsal part of spinal cord in rats with incisional neck pain, so as to explore its analgesic mechanisms. METHODS: Eighty-four male SD rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, EA-Futu(LI18) and EA-Zusanli(ST36)-Yanglingquan(GB34, EA-ST36-GB34) groups (n=21 in each group). The incisional neck pain model was established by making a longitudinal incision along the bilateral cervical thyroid regions and repeated mechanical separation stimulation. For rats of the EA groups, EA (2 Hz/100 Hz, 1 mA) was applied to bilateral LI18 or ST36-GB34 for 30 min/ time during the surgery, and 20 and 44 h after surgery, respectively. The thermal pain threshold (TPT) of the incisional region was detected. The immunoactivity of TNF-α and IL-10 of the dorsal portion of the cervical spinal cord (C2-C5) was detected by immunofluorescence, and the expression of TNF-α, IL-10, IL-4 and IL-4 receptor (IL-4R) mRNAs was determined by quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: Compared with the normal group, the TPT of the incisional area was significantly decreased at 4, 24 and 48 h after neck-incision (P<0.05), the levels of TNF-α mRNA, IL-10 mRNA and TNF-α IL-10 immunoactivity at 24 h were remarkably increased (P<0.05), and the expression of IL-4R mRNA was considerably decreased at 24 h in the model group (P<0.05). Following EA intervention, the TPT, and expression levels of IL-4 mRNA and IL-4R mRNA were significantly increased at 24 h after surgery in the EA-LI18 group relevant to the model group (P<0.05), while the expression level of TNF-α(coexpressed with microgliacytes) in the EA-LI18 group, and TNF-α mRNA expression at 24 h in both EA-LI18 and EA-ST36-GB34 groups, as well as the expression of IL-10 and IL-10 mRNA at 24 h in both EA-LI18 and EA-ST36-GB34 groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05). The effect of EA LI18 was significantly superior to that of EA ST36-GB34 in up-regulating TPT and expression of IL-4 mRNA and IL-4R mRNA at 24 h (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA of LI18 has an analgesic effect in incisional neck pain rats, which may be related to its effect in down-regulating the expression of TNF-α, IL-10 and promoting IL-4 /IL-4R signaling in dorsal portions of the cervical spinal cord. The analgesic effect of EA LI18 is better than that of EA ST36-GB34.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Interleucina-4 , Masculino , Cervicalgia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de Interleucina-4 , Medula Espinal , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
11.
Biotechnol Lett ; 41(12): 1439-1449, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659576

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To enhance ergot alkaloid production of Claviceps purpurea Cp-1 strain by epigenetic modification approach. RESULTS: The chemical epigenetic modifiers were screened to promote ergot alkaloid production of the Cp-1 strain. The histone deacetylase inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) was found to significantly enhance the alkaloid productivity of the strain. Particularly, the titers of total ergot alkaloids were gradually increased with the increase of SAHA concentration in the fermentation medium, and the highest production of ergot alkaloids could be achieved at the concentration of 500 µM SAHA. Specially, the titers of ergometrine and total ergot alkaloids were as high as 95.4 mg/L and 179.7 mg/L, respectively, which were twice of those of the control. Furthermore, the mRNA expression levels of the most functional genes in the ergot alkaloid synthesis (EAS) gene cluster were up-regulated under SAHA treatment. It was proposed that SAHA might increase histone acetylation in the EAS gene cluster region in the chromosome, which would loosen the chromosome structure, and subsequently up-regulate the mRNA expression levels of genes involved in the biosynthesis of ergot alkaloids, thereby resulting in the markedly increase in the production of ergot alkaloids. CONCLUSIONS: The ergot alkaloid production by the C. purpurea Cp-1 strain can be effectively increased by the application of histone deacetylase inhibitor. Our work provides a reference for using the chemical epigenetic modifiers to improve SM production in other fungi.

12.
Genes Genomics ; 41(12): 1505-1516, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To study the essential molecular mechanism of gall formation is very important. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differential gene expression in leaves fed on by Tetraneura akinire Sasaki and to provide a basis for the better understanding of the essential molecular mechanism of gall formation. METHODS: The infected leaves of the elm were divided into three periods: initial formation period (T2), growth and differentiation period (T3), and cracking period (T4). The untouched leaves were used as the control (T1). RNA-Seq was performed, and the high-quality sequences were mapped to the reference genome and the elm gene database to obtain the gene expression profiles. The expression level of each gene was calculated by the RPKM method. A combination of FDR ≤ 0.01 and the absolute value of |log2 ratio (T/CK)| ≥ 2 was used as the threshold to determine the significance of gene expression. Finally, GO and pathway enrichment analyses were used to identify the significantly enriched functional classification and metabolic pathways in DEGs. RESULTS: The results revealed that approximately 244 mRNAs were detected between T1 and T2, including 192 up-regulated and 52 down-regulated mRNAs; approximately 175 mRNAs were detected between T1 and T3, including 145 up-regulated and 30 down-regulated mRNAs; and approximately 372 mRNAs were detected between T1 and T4, including 360 up-regulated and 12 down-regulated mRNAs. Approximately 34 differentially expressed genes were identified by Venn analysis. Comparing the three infection periods to the control, there were 28 up-regulated and six down-regulated mRNAs. Additionally, 562 genes were used for cluster analysis, which revealed that the gene expression in T2 and T3 changed greatly. Genes related to cell proliferation and respiration, such as microtubulin and 6-phosphoric acid fructose kinase were mainly up-regulated during the T2 period. Genes encoding lipoxygenase, glutathione-S-transferase, superoxide dismutase and protease inhibitor were up-regulated during T2 and T3. Genes encoding lignocellulose synthase were up-regulated during T4, which suggests the reinforcement of the cell wall to improve the resistance to the damage of the Tetraneura akinire Sasaki. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that the feeding of Tetraneura akinire Sasaki caused the differential expression of elm genes and influenced cellular energy metabolism. These changes in physiological response and gene expression of the elm compose the physiological and molecular basis of the gall formation and may improve the resistance of elm to Tetraneura akinire Sasaki.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592754

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile, aerobic, catalase-negative and oxidase-positive bacterium, designated strain Sn-9-2T, was isolated from a cave soil sample collected from Tiandong cave, Guizhou Province, south-west PR China. Growth occurred at 15-40 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0-8.0) and with 0-1 % NaCl (w/v). The predominant respiration quinone was ubiquinone-10 (Q-10). The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c or C18 : 1ω6c; 83.9 %) and C16 : 0 (5.8 %). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, three unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified glycolipids, two unidentified polar lipids and one unidentified aminolipid. The DNA G+C content of strain Sn-9-2T was 67.5 mol%. Based on the results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the nearest phylogenetic neighbours of strain Sn-9-2T (MF958452) were identified as Aquabacter spiritensis (FR733686) DSM 9035T (97.5 %), Xanthobacter autorophicus (jgi.1053054) DSM 432T (97.2 %) and Xanthobacter tagetidis ATCC 700314T RCTF01000015 (96.9 %). The average nucleotide identity values were 78.0, 77.4 and 77.6 % and the digital DNA-DNA hybridization values were 21.8, 22.0 and 18.8 % between strain Sn-9-2T and A. spiritensis DSM 9035T, X. autotrophicus DSM 432T and X. tagetidis DSM 11105T, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization data indicated that strain Sn-9-2T represented a novel genomic species. On the basis of the results of phylogenetic analysis, chemotaxonomic data, physiological characteristics and DNA-DNA hybridization data, strain Sn-9-2T should represent a novel species of the genus Aquabacter, for which the name Aquabactercavernae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Sn-9-2T (=KCTC 62308T=CCTCC AB 2018270T).

14.
Infect Immun ; 87(12)2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570558

RESUMO

Schistosomiasis is a parasitic helminth disease that can cause severe inflammatory pathology, leading to organ damage, in humans. During a schistosomal infection, the eggs are trapped in the host liver, and products derived from eggs induce a polarized Th2 cell response, resulting in granuloma formation and eventually fibrosis. Previous studies indicated that the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-, leucine-rich repeat-, and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is involved in schistosomiasis-associated liver fibrosis and that taurine could ameliorate hepatic granulomas and fibrosis caused by Schistosoma japonicum infection. Nevertheless, the precise role and molecular mechanism of the NLRP3 inflammasome and the protective effects of taurine in S. japonicum infection have not been extensively studied. In this study, we investigated the role of the NLRP3 inflammasome and the hepatoprotective mechanism of taurine in schistosoma-induced liver injury in mice. NLRP3 deficiency ameliorated S. japonicum-infection-induced hepatosplenomegaly, liver dysfunction, and hepatic granulomas and fibrosis; it also reduced NLRP3-dependent liver pyroptosis. Furthermore, taurine suppressed hepatic thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP)/NLRP3 inflammasome activation in mice with S. japonicum infections, thereby inhibiting the activation of downstream inflammatory mediators such as interleukin-1ß and subsequent pyroptosis. Our results suggest that the TXNIP/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway and mediating pyroptosis are involved in S. japonicum-induced liver injury and may be a potential therapeutic target for schistosomiasis treatment. In addition, taurine may be useful to alleviate or to prevent the occurrence of schistosomiasis-associated liver fibrosis.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644827

RESUMO

Small-molecule crosslinkers are invaluable for probing biomolecular interactions and for crosslinking mass spectrometry. Existing chemical crosslinkers target only a small selection of amino acids, while conventional photo-crosslinkers target almost all residues non-specifically, complicating data analysis. Herein, we report photocaged quinone methide (PQM)-based crosslinkers that target nine nucleophilic residues through Michael addition, including Gln, Arg, and Asn, which are inaccessible to existing chemical crosslinkers. PQM crosslinkers were used in vitro, in Escherichia coli, and in mammalian cells to crosslink dimeric proteins and endogenous membrane receptors. The heterobifunctional crosslinker NHQM could crosslink proteins to DNA, for which few crosslinkers exist. The photoactivatable reactivity of these crosslinkers and their ability to target multiple amino acids will enhance the use of chemical crosslinking for studies of protein-protein and protein-DNA networks and for structural biology.

16.
Exp Mol Med ; 51(10): 120, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604908

RESUMO

Angiogenesis should be precisely regulated because disordered neovascularization is involved in the aggravation of multiple diseases. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A/VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2) axis is crucial for controlling angiogenic responses in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). Therefore, inactivating VEGFR-2 signaling may effectively suppress aberrant angiogenesis and alleviate related symptoms. In this study, we performed virtual screening, identified the synthetic disaccharide 6'-sialylgalactose (6SG) as a potent VEGFR-2-binding compound and verified its high binding affinity by Biacore assay. 6SG effectively suppressed VEGF-A-induced VEGFR-2 phosphorylation and subsequent in vitro angiogenesis in HUVECs without inducing cytotoxicity. 6SG also inhibited VEGF-A-induced extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK)/Akt activation and actin stress fiber formation in HUVECs. We demonstrated that 6SG inhibited retinal angiogenesis in a mouse model of retinopathy of prematurity and tumor angiogenesis in a xenograft mouse model. Our results suggest a potential therapeutic benefit of 6SG in inhibiting angiogenesis in proangiogenic diseases, such as retinopathy and cancer.

17.
FEBS Lett ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642060

RESUMO

Physiological and pathophysiological differences exist between the left and right kidneys; however, the molecular bases for these differences remain unknown. Since miRNAs are involved in kidney function and the development of kidney diseases, we examined their differential expression through miRNA profiling of the left and right kidneys of normal mice. We find that 36 miRNAs exhibit higher expression, whereas 22 miRNAs show lower expression in the left than the right kidneys in mice under physiological condition. Ten miRNAs were further examined by quantitative PCR assays, and four of them with high expression level were confirmed by Northern blot. Through bioinformatic analysis, we dissected the function and network of the differentially expressed miRNAs, providing insights into the physiological and pathophysiological differences between the left and the right kidneys.

18.
Environ Pollut ; 255(Pt 1): 113138, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542662

RESUMO

Atmospheric particulate matter (PM) pollution and soil trace metal (TM) contamination are binary environmental issues harming ecosystems and human health, especially in the developing China with rapid urbanization and industrialization. Since PMs contain TMs, the air-soil nexus should be investigated synthetically. Although the PMs and airborne TMs are mainly emitted from urban or industrial areas, they can reach the rural and remote mountain areas owing to the ability of long-range transport. After dry or wet deposition, they will participate in the terrestrial biogeochemical cycles of TMs in various soil-plant systems, including urban soil-greening trees, agricultural soil-food crops, and mountain soil-natural forest systems. Besides the well-known root uptake, the pathway of leaf deposition and foliar absorption contribute significantly to the plant TM accumulation. Moreover, the aerosols can also exert climatic effects by absorption and scattering of solar radiation and by the cloud condensation nuclei activity, thereby indirectly impact plant growth and probably crop TM accumulation through photosynthesis, and then threat health. In particular, this systematic review summarizes the interactions of PMs-TMs in soil-plant systems including the deposition, transfer, accumulation, toxicity, and mechanisms among them. Finally, current knowledge gaps and prospective are proposed for future research agendas. These analyses would be conducive to improving urban air quality and managing the agricultural and ecological risks of airborne metals.

19.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(8): 554-9, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of auricular electroacupuncture (EA) on intracellular Raf/ extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/ ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK)/ cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) signal pathway in the hippocampus of depression model rats, so as to explore its anti-depressive mechanism. METHODS: A total of 60 male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, auricular EA, PD98059(ERK inhibitor), DMSO (Dimethylsulfoxide), PD98059+EA groups (n=10 in each group). The rats in the control group were fed with normal diet without any treatment. The depression model was induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) for consecutive 21 days. EA (20 Hz, 2 mA) was applied to bilateral auricular "Xin"(Heart) and "Shenmen" for 30 min, once daily for 28 days. Rats of the PD98059, DMSO and PD98059+EA groups received intracerebroventricular injection of PD98059(100 µmol/L), DMSO and PD98059 (dissolved by DMSO) solutions (5 µL/d), respectively, once daily for 28 days. Sucrose preference test (sucrose consumption) was conducted at the baseline, before and after the intervention. The expression of hippocampal Raf, phosphorylated (p)-Raf, ERK, p-ERK, RSK, CREB and p-CREB proteins were detected by Western blot after EA intervention. RESULTS: Following modeling, the sucrose consumption volume, and the expression levels of hippocampal Raf, p-Raf, ERK, p-ERK, RSK, CREB, p-CREB proteins were significantly lower in the model group than those in the control group (P<0.01). Following the treatment, the sucrose consumption and the expression levels of Raf, p-Raf, ERK, p-ERK, RSK, CREB, p-CREB in the auricular EA group and those of p-Raf, ERK and CREB in the PD98059+EA group were obviously increased in comparison with the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01), the expression level of p-ERK in the PD98059 group was obviously decreased in comparison with the model group (P<0.05), suggesting an improvement of depression after auricular EA. Compared with auricular EA group, the expression level of p-ERK, p-CREB and RSK in the PD98059+EA group were significantly decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: EA of auricular "Xin" and "Shenmen" is able to improve depression in depression rats, which is probably related to its effect in promoting activities of hippocampal Raf/ERK/RSK/CREB signaling.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Animais , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico , Depressão , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular , Hipocampo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas , Transdução de Sinais
20.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498557

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For the evaluation results of skin sensitivity, such as clinical parameters, stinging test records and biophysical assessments dates might be impacted by many factors, the influence factors need to be further explored, and the skin sensitivity evaluation process and methodology needed distinction and normalization. In this study, we investigated the changes of sensitive skin indexes and lactic acid stinging test results in different seasons, facial regions, skin photo-type, and living habits. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy subjects had completed this study. Lactic acid stinging test was performed in different seasons. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL), skin hydration, sebum secretion, and pH were measured in an environment-controlled room. Correlations between stinging responses, skin biophysical parameters, and sensitive skin inducements in different seasons were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Skin TEWL, hydration, sebum secretion, and pH values on different facial parts were various. Two-way correlation analysis between the results of lactic acid stinging test in different seasons and the sensitivity factors showed differences between summer, autumn, and winter. The mean scores of lactic acid stinging test increased in autumn. Linear regression analysis of skin sensitivity factors in type III and type IV photobiology skin found that the frequency of sleeping time and eating spicy food in the past of week could infect the sensitive skin evaluation dates statistically (P < .05). DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS: Skin sensitivity assessment results were impacted by seasonal transformation, living habits and customs, and facial regions. These indicted that we should consider above interfering factors when evaluated the skin sensitivity for getting more precise dates.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA