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1.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 225, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35017571

RESUMO

Cytochalasans (CYTs), as well as their polycyclic (pcCYTs) and polymerized (meCYTs) derivatives, constitute one of the largest families of fungal polyketide-nonribosomal peptide (PK-NRP) hybrid natural products. However, the mechanism of chemical conversion from mono-CYTs (moCYTs) to both pcCYTs and meCYTs remains unknown. Here, we show the first successful example of the reconstitution of the CYT core backbone as well as the whole pathway in a heterologous host. Importantly, we also describe the berberine bridge enzyme (BBE)-like oxidase AspoA, which uses Glu538 as a general acid biocatalyst to catalyse an unusual protonation-driven double bond isomerization reaction and acts as a switch to alter the native (for moCYTs) and nonenzymatic (for pcCYTs and meCYTs) pathways to synthesize aspochalasin family compounds. Our results present an unprecedented function of BBE-like enzymes and highly suggest that the isolated pcCYTs and meCYTs are most likely artificially derived products.

2.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35001746

RESUMO

One novel naphthalene derivative, 2-octa-2',4',6'-atriynenaphthalene (1), together with eighteen known compounds (2-19) were isolated from the aerial parts of Dracocephalum moldavica L. Compounds 2, 8, 10, 13, 15-17 and 19 were obtained from the family Lamiaceae for the first time, and compounds 11 and 18 were firstly identified from the genus of Dracocephalum. All the isolates were evaluated for anti-complementary activities through the classical and alternative pathways, and the targets of the most active compounds on the complement activation cascade were also investigated.

4.
Gene ; 807: 145948, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481002

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: To investigate associations of genetic and environmental factors with coronary artery disease (CAD), we collected medical reports, lifestyle details, and blood samples of 2113 individuals, and then used the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-ligase detection reaction (LDR) to genotype the targeted 102 SNPs. METHODS: We adopted elastic net algorithm to build an association model that considered simultaneously genetic and lifestyle/clinical factors associated with CAD in Chinese Han population. RESULTS: In this study, we developed an all covariates-based model to explain the risk of CAD, which incorporated 8 lifestyle/clinical factors and a gene-score variable calculated from 3 significant SNPs (rs671, rs6751537 and rs11641677), attaining an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.71. It was found that, in terms of genetic variants, the AA genotype of rs671 in the additive (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 2.51, p = 0.008) and recessive (adjusted OR = 2.12, p = 0.021) models, the GG genotype of rs6751537 in the additive (adjusted OR = 3.36, p = 0.001) and recessive (adjusted OR = 3.47, p = 0.001) models were associated with increased risk of CAD, while GG genotype of rs11641677 in additive model (adjusted OR = 0.39, p = 0.044) was associated with decreased risk of CAD. In terms of lifestyle/clinical factors, the history of hypertension (unadjusted OR = 2.37, p < 0.001) and dyslipidemia (unadjusted OR = 1.82, p = 0.007), age (unadjusted OR = 1.07, p < 0.001) and waist circumference (unadjusted OR = 1.02, p = 0.05) would significantly increase the risk of CAD, while height (unadjusted OR = 0.97, p = 0.006) and regular intake of chicken (unadjusted OR = 0.78, p = 0.008) reduced the risk of CAD. A significantinteraction was foundbetween rs671 and dyslipidemia (the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) = 3.36, p = 0.05). CONCLUSION: In this study, we constructed an association model and identified a set of SNPs and lifestyle/clinical risk factors of CAD in Chinese Han population. By considering both genetic and non-genetic risk factors, the built model may provide implications for CAD pathogenesis and clues for screening tool development in Chinese Han population.


Assuntos
Adenilil Ciclases/genética , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/genética , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , beta-Caroteno 15,15'-Mono-Oxigenase/genética , Adenilil Ciclases/metabolismo , Idoso , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Algoritmos , Área Sob a Curva , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Hipertensão/genética , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura/genética , beta-Caroteno 15,15'-Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo
5.
Mod Rheumatol ; 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850093

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Present study aimed to illustrate the role of miR-144-3p in RA. METHODS: N1511 chondrocytes were stimulated by IL-1ß to mimic RA injury model in vitro. Rats were subjected to injection of type II collagen to establish an in vivo RA model and the arthritis index score was calculated. Cell viability was determined by CCK-8. The expression of cartilage extracellular matrix proteins (Collagen II and Aggrecan) and matrix metalloproteinases protein (MMP-13) were determined by qRT-PCR and western blots. Cell apoptosis was measured by Flow cytometry. ELISA was applied to test the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß and TNF-α). Tissue injury and apoptosis were detected by HE staining and TUNEL staining. Interaction of miR-144-3p and BMP2 was verified by dual luciferase assay. RESULTS: MiR-144-3p was dramatically increased in IL-1ß induced N1511 cells. MiR-144-3p depletion elevated cell viability, suppressed apoptosis, pro-inflammatory cytokine releasing, and extracellular matrix loss in IL-1ß induced N1511 cells. Moreover, miR-144-3p targeted BMP2 to modulate its expression negatively. Activation of PI3K/Akt signaling compromised inhibition of BMP2 induced aggravated N1511 cell injury with IL-1ß stimulation. Inhibition of miR-144-3p alleviated cartilage injury and inflammatory in RA rats. CONCLUSION: Collectively, miR-144-3p could aggravate chondrocytes injury inflammatory response in RA via BMP2/PI3K/Akt axis.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34878449

RESUMO

Specially shaped high-nuclear lanthanide cluster assembly has attracted widespread attention, but the study of their self-assembly mechanism is still stagnant. Herein, we used a polydentate chelating bis-acylhydrazone ligand to construct a rare 16-nuclear dysprosium cluster 1 with a brucite-like structure. The capture agents, pivalic acid and di(pyridin-2-yl)methanone, were added into the reaction system, and the hexanuclear dysprosium cluster 2 and heptanuclear dysprosium cluster 3 were obtained, respectively. Clusters 2 and 3 support the out-to-in growth mechanism as key evidence. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to use truncation reaction to decipher the formation mechanism of high-nuclear lanthanide clusters.

7.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 731196, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34881255

RESUMO

Background: Spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) has been used to predict the optimal time of weaning from ventilator. However, it remains controversial which trial should be preferentially selected. We aimed to compare and rank four common SBT modes including automatic tube compensation (ATC), pressure support ventilation (PSV), continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and T-piece among critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation (MV). Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) to identify studies that investigated the comparative efficacy and safety of at least two SBT strategies among critically ill patients up to May 17, 2020. We estimated the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) to rank SBT techniques, and determined the certainty of evidence using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation method. Primary outcome was weaning success. Secondary outcomes were reintubation, SBT success, duration of acute care, and intensive care unit (ICU) mortality. Statistical analysis was conducted by using RevMan 5.4, Stata, and R software. Results: We enrolled 24 trials finally. Extubation success rate was significantly higher in ATC than that in T-piece (OR, 0.28; 95% CI, 0.13-0.64) or PSV (OR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.32-0.88). For SBT success, ATC was better than other SBT techniques, with a pooled OR ranging from 0.17 to 0.42. For reintubation rate, CPAP was worse than T-piece (OR, 2.76; 95% CI, 1.08 to 7.06). No significant difference was detected between SBT modes for the length of stay in ICU or long-term weaning unit (LWU). Similar result was also found for ICU mortality between PSV and T-piece. Majority direct results were confirmed by network meta-analysis. Besides, ATC ranks at the first, first, and fourth place with a SUCRA of 91.7, 99.7, and 39.9%, respectively in increasing weaning success and SBT success and in prolonging ICU or LWU length of stay among four SBT strategies. The confidences in evidences were rated as low for most comparisons. Conclusion: ATC seems to be the optimal choice of predicting successful weaning from ventilator among critically ill patients. However, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with high quality are needed to further establish these findings.

9.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2021 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34962345

RESUMO

Aging is characterized by inevitable organ function decline over time, with consequent body deterioration and increased susceptibility to death. Astragalus polysaccharide (APS) has been reported to have anti-oxidative, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory properties. We investigated the potential protective effects of APS on hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) induced hepatocyte senescence and identified related mechanisms in L02, Huh7, and LM3 cell lines. Aged female C57BL/6 mice were given APS for 1 week by intraperitoneal injection, and APS provided the strongest protective effect against H2 O2 -induced damage at 100 µM. APS reduced the expression of cell senescence markers and alleviated pathological damage in aged mouse liver. APS treatment decreased oxidative stress, apoptosis, NOD-like receptor protein-3-mediated pyroptosis, and maintained mitochondrial homeostasis. Notably, the protective effect of APS was weakened in the presence of chloroquine. APS might enrich autophagy by activating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and inhibiting mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR). In conclusion, APS reduced reactive oxygen species levels, inhibited apoptosis and pyroptosis, and promoted mitophagy via AMPK/mTOR pathway to alleviate hepatocyte senescence in vitro and in vivo.

10.
Epilepsy Res ; 178: 106788, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844090

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the challenges that patients with epilepsy (PWEs) face and the opportunities or areas where changes in nursing care may improve epilepsy care in western China. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with open-ended questions based on a review of the literature were conducted at the epilepsy center of a tertiary hospital in western China. A total of 18 PWEs, 18 caregivers and 11 neurology nurses were interviewed by using purposive sampling. The data were transcribed verbatim, and a content analysis was used to conduct the framework analysis. RESULTS: Three key themes were identified, namely, the impact of epilepsy, barriers to epilepsy management, and measures in nursing care for improving epilepsy care. Psychological stress, the side effects of drugs and accidental injury related to seizures were reported to be the main negative impacts on patients. Limited knowledge about epilepsy, poor adherence to therapy, and a lack of effective communication between patients and medical staff were the major barriers to epilepsy management. Strengthening health education, assessing the frequency and type of seizures, screening for psychological disorders and mental intervention, and maintaining continuity of care were identified as crucial measures for nurses to improve epilepsy care. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the challenges among PWEs and opportunities for improving the quality of epilepsy care in western China. Limited knowledge and poor drug adherence are the main barriers to epilepsy management, which might be improved by more health education and continuing care provided by nurses. Assessing seizures, screening for psychological disorders and providing appropriate psychological care would help improve epilepsy care.

11.
Biology (Basel) ; 10(11)2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34827109

RESUMO

The efficient discovery of anticancer targets with minimal side effects is a major challenge in drug discovery and development. Early prediction of side effects is key for reducing development costs, increasing drug efficacy, and increasing drug safety. This study developed a fuzzy optimization framework for Identifying AntiCancer Targets (IACT) using constraint-based models. Four objectives were established to evaluate the mortality of treated cancer cells and to minimize side effects causing toxicity-induced tumorigenesis on normal cells and smaller metabolic perturbations. Fuzzy set theory was applied to evaluate potential side effects and investigate the magnitude of metabolic deviations in perturbed cells compared with their normal counterparts. The framework was applied to identify not only gene regulator targets but also metabolite- and reaction-centric targets. A nested hybrid differential evolution algorithm with a hierarchical fitness function was applied to solve multilevel IACT problems. The results show that the combination of a carbon metabolism target and any one-target gene that participates in the sphingolipid, glycerophospholipid, nucleotide, cholesterol biosynthesis, or pentose phosphate pathways is more effective for treatment than one-target inhibition is. A clinical antimetabolite drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has been used to inhibit synthesis of deoxythymidine-5'-triphosphate for treatment of colorectal cancer. The computational results reveal that a two-target combination of 5-FU and a folate supplement can improve cell viability, reduce metabolic deviation, and reduce side effects of normal cells.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34821064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic jet lag (CJL)-induced circadian rhythm disruption (CRD) is positively correlated with an increased risk of allergic diseases. However, little is known about the mechanism involved in allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: Aberrant light/dark cycles-induced CRD mice were randomly divided into negative control (NC) group, AR group, CRD+NC group, and CRD+AR group (n = 8/group). After ovalbumin (OVA) challenge, nasal symptom scores were recorded. The expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in both nasal mucosa and lung tissues was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemical staining. The level of OVA-specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) and T-helper (Th)-related cytokines in the plasma was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the proportion of Th1, Th2, Th17, and regulatory T cell (Treg) in splenocytes was evaluated by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The nasal symptom score in the CRD+AR group was significantly higher than those in the AR group with respect to eosinophil infiltration, mast cell degranulation, and goblet cell hyperplasia. The expression of ZO-1 and Occludin in the nasal mucosa and lung tissues in the CRD+AR group were significantly lower than those in the AR group. Furthermore, Th2 and Th17 cell counts from splenocytes and OVA-sIgE, interleukin 4 (IL-4), IL-6, IL-13, and IL-17A levels in plasma were significantly increased in the CRD+AR group than in the AR group, whereas Th1 and Treg cell count and interferon γ (IFN-γ) level were significantly decreased in the CRD+AR group. CONCLUSION: CRD experimentally mimicked CJL in human activities, could exacerbate local and systemic allergic reactions in AR mice, partially through decreasing Occludin and ZO-1 level in the respiratory mucosa and increasing Th2-like immune response in splenocytes.

13.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(5): 743-748, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728035

RESUMO

Objective To evaluate the effects of antiretroviral therapy(ART)for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission(PMTCT)of acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)on the growth and development of 18-month-old children born by human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-positive pregnant women in Lingshan County,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,and provide scientific evidence for improving the ART medication plan for PMTCT.Methods Lingshan County,ranking the first in the HIV-epidemic counties of Guangxi,was selected as the research site.According to the design of retrospective case-control study,we assigned all the subjects into the case group and the control group:(1)The case group included the HIV-positive pregnant women who had received ART for PMTCT and their HIV-negative infants in Lingshan County from 2010 to 2017.The historical cards and PMTCT data of them were collected from the national PMTCT database.(2)The control group included the healthy pregnant women and their healthy babies born in the Lingshan Maternity and Infant Hospital in 2017,and the children's growth and development data were collected.The stunted growth in children was defined as at least one of the three main indicators of body height,body weight,and head circumference below the normal range.Results The number of HIV-positive mothers and their infants in the case group was 391 and 368,respectively,and 87.21%(341/391)and 95.38%(351/368)of mothers and infants respectively received ART medication.The HIV positive rate,mortality rate,and mother-to-child transmission rate of 18-month-old children were 1.36%(5/368),4.35%(16/368),and 2.01%(5/249),respectively.The incidence of stunted growth of 18-month-old children in the case group and the control group was 42.12%(155/368)and 23.06%(101/438),respectively,with significant difference(χ2=33.520,P<0.001).Conclusion After HIV-positive mothers in Lingshan County of Guangxi received ART for PMTCT,the incidence of growth stunting in 18-month-old children increased.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Crescimento e Desenvolvimento , HIV , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Lactente , Transmissão Vertical de Doenças Infecciosas/prevenção & controle , Mães , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Front Neurol ; 12: 746389, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803884

RESUMO

Introduction: Few studies have examined the association between the rate of treatment response and the outcome of pediatric Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Therefore, our study aimed to identify treatment response in relation to the short-term outcomes of GBS. Further, we investigated its potential predictive value for prognosis. Methods: Our retrospective study included children diagnosed with GBS in the Pediatric Neurology Department of the Children's Hospital of Hebei Province from 2016 to 2020. According to the rate of response from the standard intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) treatment, patients were divided into two groups: rapid-response GBS (initial response within 7 days) and slow-response (initial response within 8-30 days). The GBS disability score (Hughes Functional Grading Scale) was used to assess the children's functional disability at nadir, 1 month, and 6 months after onset. Results: Among the 36 children included in the study, 18 (50%) and 18 (50%) were rapid and slow responders, respectively. Time from IVIg treatment to the initial response was significantly shorter in the rapid-response group (5 [3-6.25] days vs. 10.5[8.75-15] days in slow-response GBS, p < 0.001). Hughes score at 1 month was worse than the rapid responders (Fisher's exact test, p = 0.006). Survival analysis (Kaplan-Meier) with respect to regaining the ability to walk independently (Hughes Functional Grading Scale of 2) within 1 month after onset was significantly different among the two groups (log-rank test for trend, p = 0.024). The abnormal levels of cerebral spinal fluid proteins and autonomic dysfunction were more frequent in the slow-response group than those in the rapid group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The rate of response to IVIg treatment was correlated with short-term outcomes in children with GBS and had predictive value for prognosis. The role of patient's initial responses to treatment could be significantly valuable in developing more effective and efficient treatment options.

15.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(19): 1493, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805355

RESUMO

Background: To analyze the efficacy and safety of everolimus 5 mg/day in combination with endocrine drugs in the treatment of hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer using real-world clinical data. Methods: Clinical data of hormone receptor (HR)-positive and HER2-negative patients with advanced breast cancer treated with everolimus combined with endocrine drugs in our center between August 2012 and May 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Curative effect and adverse reactions were evaluated. Results: A total of 110 patients were enrolled in this study, and 87.3% received salvage chemotherapy. The median number of salvage treatment lines was 5 (range: 1-19). The median follow-up duration was 12 months (range: 1-56.3 months), the overall response rate (ORR) was 6.4%, the clinical benefit rate (CBR) was 31.8%, the median progression-free survival (mPFS) was 4.0 months (95% CI: 2.9-5.1 months), and the median overall survival (OS) was 17 months (95% CI: 12.1-21.9 months). The mPFS for patients who received ≤2 treatment line was 11.8 months (95% CI: 4.3-19.3 months). Univariate and multivariate analyses suggested that absence of liver metastases, secondary endocrine resistance, and number of metastasis sites <3 were the main factors influencing the benefit of everolimus combined with endocrine therapy. The most common adverse events of grade 3 were: stomatitis (5.5%), non-infectious pneumonia (1.8%), and erythra (1.8%). No grade 4 adverse reactions were observed. Conclusions: Our results showed that everolimus (5 mg/day) combined with endocrine therapy was effective and relatively safe for patients with hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer.

16.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; : 1-14, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752187

RESUMO

Paired-like homeobox 2B (PHOX2B) is a highly sensitive and specific biomarker for diagnosing neuroblastoma, as well as detecting minimal residual disease in neuroblastoma. The clinical significance of PHOX2B expression in bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) samples of newly diagnosed patients with very low-, low- and intermediate-risk neuroblastoma remains unknown, to the best of our knowledge. The expression level of PHOX2B in paired BM and PB samples of patients with newly diagnosed neuroblastoma was validated using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTqPCR). Among the 132 patients, 26 exhibited a positive PHOX2B expression BM (19.7%) and 11 in PB (8.3%) samples. PHOX2B was highly expressed in BM and PB samples from patients aged <18 months, with International Neuroblastoma Risk Group Staging System stages M and MS, 1p loss of heterozygosity, and high levels of lactate dehydrogenase, serum ferritin and neuron-specific enolase (p < 0.05). In all eligible patients, the 2-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 94.7 ± 2.0% and 97.7 ± 1.3%, respectively. However, the 2-year EFS rates were significantly decreased to 76.9 ± 8.3% and 63.6 ± 14.5% in patients with a positive PHOX2B expression in BM and PB samples, respectively (p < 0.05). Similarly, the 2-year OS rates were also decreased to 88.5 ± 6.3% and 81.8 ± 11.6% in patients with a positive PHOX2B expression in BM and PB samples, respectively (p < 0.05). In conclusion, a positive PHOX2B expression in BM and PB samples at diagnosis had a strong adverse prognostic effect on patients with non-high-risk neuroblastoma.

17.
Autoimmunity ; : 1-11, 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730058

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) often leads to functional disabilities and deformities. MiRNA plays a vital role in cell pyroptosis. Nevertheless, the function and underlying mechanism of miR-144-3p in pyroptosis during the progression of RA remains unclear. In this study, N1511 cells were stimulated with IL-1ß to construct a RA model. 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was performed to assess the cell viability. Cell pyroptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The levels of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-18) were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The relationship among specific protein 1 (SP1), microRNA-144-3p (miR-144-3p), and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) was explored by dual-luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP), and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), respectively. The level of miR-144-3p in N1511 cells was upregulated by IL-1ß. MiR-144-3p knockdown inhibited IL-1ß-induced pyroptosis in N1511 cells, and the expressions of NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), Cleaved caspase-1, Gasdermin D (GSDMD), and Cleaved caspase-3 in IL-1ß-stimulated N1511 cells were increased. The levels of inflammatory cytokines in N1511 cells were increased by IL-1ß, which were restored by miR-144-3p knockdown. MiR-144-3p knockdown abolished IL-1ß-induced inactivation of putative kinase 1 (PINK1)/Parkin RBR E3 ubiquitin-protein (Parkin) signalling. Moreover, transcription factor SP1 could upregulate miR-144-3p expression and miR-144-3p negatively regulated PTEN expression. In summary, MiR-144-3p induced by SP1 could promote IL-1ß-induced chondrocyte pyroptosis via inhibiting PTEN expression and suppressing the activation of PINK1/Parkin signalling, which provided a new strategy against RA.

18.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(26): 7818-7824, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia (T-LGLL) is a rare type of aplastic anemia with diverse clinical manifestations. Concomitant diseases are often present at the first manifestation. We describe the treatment of a patient with CD57-negative γδT-LGLL with pure red cell aplasia (PRCA). CASE SUMMARY: A 34-year-old woman with a 20-year history of anemia visited our hospital owing to severe dizziness and was admitted. Her condition was diagnosed as CD57-negative γδT-LGLL with PRCA through bone marrow cytology, bone marrow pathology, bone marrow flow cytometry, bone marrow multiplex polymerase chain reaction combined with fluorescent fragment analysis, and other tests. Treatment with prednisone, methotrexate, and subcutaneous erythropoietin did not significantly change her hemoglobin level. After treatment with oral cyclophosphamide for 3 mo, her hemoglobin level increased to approximately 100 g/L. After 5 mo of treatment, the patient could perform activities of daily living independently. CONCLUSION: The treatment of CD57-negative γδT-LGLL with PRCA with cyclophosphamide helps to improve prognosis.

19.
BMC Pediatr ; 21(1): 429, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Z score utility is emphasized in classifying coronary artery lesions in Kawasaki disease patients. The present study is the largest such multicenter Chinese pediatric study about coronary artery diameter reference values and Z score regression equation to date. It is useful in Chinese pediatric echocardiography. METHODS: A multicenter cohort was assembled, which consisted of 852 healthy children between 1 month and 17 years of age, ten children were excluded because their ultrasound images were not clear, or lost in following up. Diameters of the right coronary artery, left coronary artery, and left anterior descending coronary artery were assessed using echocardiography. Data were body surface area (BSA)-corrected using BSA calculated via either the Stevenson BSA formula or the Haycock BSA formula. Coronary artery diameter reference values and Z score regression equations were established for use in the Chinese pediatric population. RESULTS: No difference was observed between coronary artery diameter data corrected using BSAste or BSAhay. Of the five assessed regression models, the exponential model exhibited the best fit and was therefore selected as the basis for derivation of the SZ method. When comparing Z scores, those produced by the SZ method conformed to the standard normal distribution, while those produced by the D method did not. In addition, there was a statistically significant difference between Z scores produced by the SZ and D methods (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Coronary artery diameter reference values for echocardiography were successfully established for use in the Chinese pediatric population, and a Z score regression equation more suitable for clinical use in this population was successfully developed.


Assuntos
Vasos Coronários , Ecocardiografia , Criança , China , Estudos de Coortes , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência
20.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(5): 996-1003, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34661813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer has the highest incidence and mortality of all malignant tumors in China. Cancer pain dramatically affects patients' comfort level, causing insomnia, anorexia, anxiety, fear, depression, and a decline in the quality of life (QOL). The literature suggests a shortage of adequate cancer pain management for 59.1% of patients in China. The quality control circle (QCC) activity reflects the people-oriented core idea of management. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of QCC in enhancing the effectiveness of drug interventions in lung cancer patients with moderate to severe pain. METHODS: From January 2019 to July 2019, lung cancer patients with moderate to severe pain were treated with drugs. The total number of drug interventions was 3072. A QCC activity was performed following the ten steps of the plan-docheck- act (PDCA) model. The reasons for the poor effectiveness of drug intervention in lung cancer patients with moderate to severe pain were analyzed. Countermeasures were designed to improve the effectiveness of drug intervention, including setting up a pain college, writing a medication education manual, and formulating operational rules for the administration of narcotic drugs. The effectiveness of drug intervention in lung cancer patients with moderate to severe pain and activity ability scores of QCC members were analyzed statistically before and after QCC activity. The effectiveness of drug intervention was investigated and compared before and after establishing the QCC. RESULTS: After establishing the PDCA model, the effectiveness of drug intervention for moderate to severe pain in lung cancer patients increased from 56.28% to 85.29%. Members had significant improvement in problem-solving ability, responsibility, communication, coordination, self-confidence, team cohesion, enthusiasm, QCC skills, and harmony. CONCLUSION: QCC activity can significantly improve the efficiency of drug intervention in lung cancer patients with moderate to severe pain and their quality of life.

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