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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729077

RESUMO

Objective: In this study, we aim to investigate the effect of Dysosma versipellis extract on biological behavior of esophageal cancer cells and its underlying mechanisms. Methods: A total of 30 BALB/C nude mice (class SPF) were equally and randomly divided into the control group, model group, and Dysosma versipellis group. CP-C cell of esophageal cancer was subcutaneously injected into the model group as well as the Dysosma versipellis group, and the same amount of normal saline into the control group, in order to compare the tumorigenesis of nude mice of three groups. Wnt, ß-catenin, and p-GSK3ß/GSK3ß expression in tumor tissues was detected using Western blot. CP-C cells in logarithmic growth were selected and divided into 4 groups, including the control group, podophyllotoxin group, Wnt activator group, and combined group (mixture of podophyllotoxin and Wnt activator). The cell viability, apoptosis, and invasion ability, Wnt, ß-catenin, and p-GSK3ß/GSK3ß expression level of CP-C cells in each group were detected via MTT assay, flow cytometry, transwell, and Western blot, respectively. Results: The tumorigenesis rates of the control group, model group, and Dysosma versipellis group were 0%, 90% (1 tumor-free mouse), and 80% (2 tumor-free mice), respectively. The tumor mass in the Dysosma versipellis group was significant less than that in the model group. Based on the results of Western blot, Wnt, ß-catenin, and p-GSK3ß/GSK3ß expression of the Dysosma versipellis group was lower than that of the control group. The in vitro viability test indicated that there was a significant difference in cell viability exhibited among four groups. Cell viability level in the 3 groups, including the combined group, blank group, and Wnt activator group, was higher than the podophyllotoxin group at each time point. In vitro apoptosis assay revealed that significant differences in cell apoptosis exhibited among four groups. Cell apoptosis rate was higher in the podophyllotoxin group compared to the remaining three groups. The Wnt activator group showed the lowest cell apoptosis rate. The in vitro invasion assay demonstrated that numbers of transmembrane cell in the 3 groups, involving the combined group, blank group, and Wnt activator group, showed a higher level than the podophyllotoxin group. The results of Western blot manifested that the podophyllotoxin group showed lower level of Wnt, ß-catenin, and p-GSK3ß/GSK3ß expression compared to the other 3 groups. Conclusion: Podophyllotoxin in Dysosma versipellis has an excellent antiesophageal cancer effect and is able to inhibit cell viability as well as invasion ability and promote apoptosis of esophageal cancer cells by inhibiting the Wnt signaling pathway, which could be potentially used in future clinical treatment of esophageal cancer.

2.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(21)2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771445

RESUMO

Transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß) activates hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), which drive liver fibrosis via the production and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM). We aimed to elucidate the mechanistic role of sulfatase-2 (SULF2) in liver fibrosis. To this end, we induced liver fibrosis in wild-type (WT) and SULF2 knockout (Sulf2-KO) mice (6-8 weeks-old) via bile duct ligation (BDL), intraperitoneal injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) or thioacetamide (TAA). The levels of fibrosis in the liver sections were assessed via Sirius red and Masson's trichrome staining, immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting for α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and hydroxyproline. To evaluate the interaction between TGF-ß and SULF2, we transfected human HSCs with scrambled control shRNA and shRNA constructs targeting SULF2 and measured α-SMA expression following treatment with TGF-ß1 ligand. We show here that knockout of SULF2 significantly decreases collagen content, as well as bands of bridging fibrosis, as demonstrated by Sirius red, Masson's trichrome and α-SMA staining after BDL, CCl4 and TAA injection in Sulf2-KO versus WT mice. In all three models of liver fibrosis, we observed significantly lower levels of hydroxyproline in the Sulf2-KO mice compared to the WT mice. HSCs with reduced levels of SULF2 failed to significantly express α-SMA and collagen type I following treatment with TGF-ß1. Furthermore, SULF2 co-localizes with TGFBR3 and the in vitro knockdown of SULF2 in HSCs decreases the release of TGF-ß1 from TGFBR3. Together, these data suggest that SULF2 regulates liver fibrosis via the TGF-ß signaling pathway. Pharmacologic inhibition of SULF2 may represent a novel therapeutic approach to improve liver fibrosis.

3.
Chem Soc Rev ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783804

RESUMO

Though N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) have emerged as diverse and powerful discrete functional molecules in pharmaceutics, nanotechnology, and catalysis over decades, the heterogenization of NHCs and their precursors for broader applications in porous materials, like metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), porous coordination polymers (PCPs), covalent-organic frameworks (COFs), porous organic polymers (POPs), and porous organometallic cages (POMCs) was not extensively studied until the last ten years. By de novo or post-synthetic modification (PSM) methods, myriads of NHCs and their precursors containing building blocks were designed and integrated into MOFs, PCPs, COFs, POPs and POMCs to form various structures and porosities. Functionalisation with NHCs and their precursors significantly expands the scope of the potential applications of porous materials by tuning the pore surface chemical/physical properties, providing active sites for binding guest molecules and substrates and realizing recyclability. In this review, we summarise and discuss the recent progress on the synthetic methods, structural features, and promising applications of NHCs and their precursors in functionalised porous materials. At the end, a brief perspective on the encouraging future prospects and challenges in this contemporary field is presented. This review will serve as a guide for researchers to design and synthesize more novel porous materials functionalised with NHCs and their precursors.

4.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(21)2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34771965

RESUMO

The preparation and characterization of a polyaniline-silver-sulfur nanotube composite were reported in this paper. The polyaniline-silver nanotube composite was synthesized via an oxidation-reduction method in the sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) solution. After being vulcanized, the polyaniline-silver-sulfur (Poly (AN-Ag-S)) nanotube composite was prepared as active cathode material and assembled into lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries with electrolyte and negative electrode materials. When the feed ratio of raw materials (aniline and AgNO3) was 2:1, the initial specific capacity of poly (AN-Ag-S) composite cells reached 1114 mAh/g. The specific capacity was kept at 573 mAh/g, and the capacity retention rate stayed above 51% after 100 cycles. The introduction of Ag into the composite cathode material can effectively solve the poor conductivity of sulfur and improve the Li-S battery performance.

5.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(11): 1065-71, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812026

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of multimodal neuroelectrophysiological monitoring technology in the evaluation of spinal cord and nerve root function for the treatment of thoracic tuberculosis with debridement and bone grafting and posterior internal fixation by transcostal transverse process approach. METHODS: The clinical data of 25 patients with thoracic tuberculosis underwent debridement and bone grafting and posterior vertebral arch internal fixation by transcostal transverse process approach from December 2018 to September 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. Among these 25 patients, including 14 males and 11 females;aged from 20 to 83 years old, with a mean of (63.45±9.65) years;there were 3 cases of single vertebral body destruction, 13 cases of 2 vertebral bodies destruction, and 9 cases of 3 or more vertebral bodies destruction. All surgical patients underwent intraoperative detection of somatosensory evoked potential(SEP) and transcranial electric stimulation-motor evoked potential(TES-MEP);and electromyography (EMG) was used to monitor the pedicle screw placement and lesion removal. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR) was used to evaluate the decline of inflammatory indexes, the visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the thoracic spine pain, and the Cobb angle and Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) were used to evaluate the improvement of function. RESULTS: All 25 patients were successfully monitored. Five patients had abnormal SEP waveforms during operation, 3 cases were caused by intraoperative clearing of lesions and spinal cord compression during irrigation, timely replacement of instruments and gestures, and adjustment of irrigation water flow rate returned the waveform to normal; one case was caused by a decrease in systolic blood pressure, and the waveform returned to normal after timely treatment of increased blood pressure;after 1 case of SEP waveform abnormality, the operation was suspended for 10 minutes and recovered spontaneously, and the waveform abnormality did not reappear until the end of the operation. Seven patients had abnormal TES-MEP waveforms, 5 cases occurred when the pedicle screw was inserted, the nail path was adjusted in time, and the waveform recovered after nail repositioning;one case was caused by tilting the operation bed during operation, and the waveform gradually recovered after adjusting the tilt angle of operation bed; one case occurred during the correction of the pedicle screw and rod system, and the waveform gradually returned to normal after the contralateral screw and rod correction were completed during operation. In 5 cases, the EMG burst potential was detected at the same time when the TES-MEP waveform was abnormal. After adjustment, the EMG burst potential disappeared. There was no abnormality in the TES-MEP and SEP waveforms at the same time. Postoperative VAS, ESR, Cobb angle, and ODI were improved compared with preoperatively (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: In patients with thoracic tuberculosis, the use of debridement and bone grafting and posterior internal fixation by transcostal transverse process approach combined with intraoperative SEP, TES-MEP and EMG monitoring can timely reflect the spinal cord and nerve root function, avoid intraoperative injuries while achieving good fixation and lesion removal.

6.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, there is no approved blood-based biomarker for breast cancer detection. Herein, we aimed to assess semaphorin 4C (SEMA4C), a pivotal protein involved in breast cancer progression, as a serum diagnostic biomarker. METHODS: We included 6,213 consecutive inpatients from Tongji Hospital, Qilu Hospital, and Hubei Cancer Hospital. Training cohort and two validation cohorts were introduced for diagnostic exploration and validation. A pan-cancer cohort was used to independently explore the diagnostic potential of SEMA4C among solid tumors. Breast cancer patients who underwent mass excision prior to modified radical mastectomy were also analyzed. We hypothesized that increased pre-treatment serum SEMA4C levels, measured using optimized in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits, could detect breast cancer. The endpoints were diagnostic performance, including area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity. Post-surgery pathological diagnosis was the reference standard and breast cancer staging followed the TNM classification. There was no restriction on disease stage for eligibilities. RESULTS: We included 2667 inpatients with breast lesions, 2378 patients with other solid tumors, and 1168 healthy participants. Specifically, 118 patients with breast cancer were diagnosed with stage 0 (5.71%), 620 with stage I (30.00%), 966 with stage II (46.73%), 217 with stage III (10.50%), and 8 with stage IV (0.39%). Patients with breast cancer had significantly higher serum SEMA4C levels than benign breast tumor patients and normal controls (P < 0.001). Elevated serum SEMA4C levels had AUC of 0.920 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.900-0.941) and 0.932 (95%CI: 0.911-0.953) for breast cancer detection in the two validation cohorts. The AUCs for detecting early-stage breast cancer (n = 366) and ductal carcinoma in situ (n = 85) were 0.931 (95%CI: 0.916-0.946) and 0.879 (95%CI: 0.832-0.925), respectively. Serum SEMA4C levels significantly decreased after surgery, and the reduction was more striking after modified radical mastectomy, compared with mass excision (P < 0.001). The positive rate of enhanced serum SEMA4C levels was 84.77% for breast cancer and below 20.75% for the other 14 solid tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Serum SEMA4C demonstrated promising potential as a candidate biomarker for breast cancer diagnosis. However, validation in prospective settings and by other study groups is warranted.

7.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 745204, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604144

RESUMO

Objective: Identifying high-risk children with a poor prognosis in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) is critical. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive value of early plasma osmolality levels in determining the clinical outcomes of children in PICUs. Methods: We retrospectively assessed critically ill children in a pediatric intensive care database. The locally weighted-regression scatter-plot smoothing (LOWESS) method was used to explore the approximate relationship between plasma osmolality and in-hospital mortality. Linear spline functions and stepwise expansion models were applied in conjunction with a multivariate logistic regression to further analyze this relationship. A subgroup analysis by age and complications was performed. Results: In total, 5,620 pediatric patients were included in this study. An approximately "U"-shaped relationship between plasma osmolality and mortality was detected using LOWESS. In the logistic regression model using a linear spline function, plasma osmolality ≥ 290 mmol/L was significantly associated with in-hospital mortality [odds ratio (OR) 1.020, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.010-1.031], while plasma osmolality <290 mmol/L was not significantly associated with in-hospital mortality (OR 0.990, 95% CI 0.966-1.014). In the logistic regression model with plasma osmolality as a tri-categorical variable, only high osmolality was significantly associated with in-hospital mortality (OR 1.90, 95% CI 1.38-2.64), whereas low osmolality was not associated with in-hospital mortality (OR 1.28, 95% CI 0.84-1.94). The interactions between plasma osmolality and age or complications were not significant. Conclusion: High osmolality, rather than low osmolality, can predict a poor prognosis in children in PICUs.

8.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 746989, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660746

RESUMO

Background: Homocysteine (Hcy) has been established as an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis, and the involvement of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) in atherosclerotic lesions is complex. Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin 9 (PCSK9) has vital importance in lipid metabolism, and its inhibitors have intense lipid-lowering and anti-atherosclerotic effects. However, the underlying effect of PCSK9 on HHcy-accelerated dyslipidemia of macrophages is still uncertain. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential role of PCSK9 in Hcy-induced lipid accumulation and atherosclerotic lesions. Methods: In vitro, gene and protein expressions were assessed by real-time quantitative PCR and western blot in THP-1 macrophages with Hcy incubation. Lipid accumulation and cholesterol efflux were evaluated with Hcy treatment. SBC-115076 was used to examine the role of PCSK9 in ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 and G1 (ABCA1 and ABCG1)-dependent cholesterol efflux. In vivo, lesion area, lipid deposition and collagen contents were determined in aortas of ApoE-/- mice under a methionine diet. SBC-115076 was subcutaneously injected to explore the potential effects of PCSK9 inhibition on alleviating the severity of HHcy-related atherosclerotic lesions. Results: In THP-1 macrophages, Hcy dose- and time-dependently promoted PCSK9 gene and protein levels without regulating the translation of Low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR). SBC-115076 used to inhibit PCSK9 largely alleviated lipid accumulation and reversed the cholesterol efflux to apolipoprotein-I(apoA-I) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) mediated by ABCA1 and ABCG1. In ApoE-/- mice, methionine diet induced HHcy caused larger lesion area and more lipid accumulation in aortic roots. SBC-115076 reduced atherosclerotic severity by reducing the lesion area and lipid accumulation and increasing expressions of ABCA1 and ABCG1 in macrophages from atherosclerotic plaque. In addition, SBC-115076 decreased plasma Hcy level and lipid profiles significantly. Conclusion: PCSK9 promoted lipid accumulation via inhibiting cholesterol efflux mediated by ABCA1 and ABCG1 from macrophages and accelerated atherosclerotic lesions under HHcy treatment. Inhibiting PCSK9 may have anti-atherogenic properties in HHcy-accelerated atherosclerosis.

9.
J Pain Res ; 14: 3321-3331, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707400

RESUMO

Objective: To verify the efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) on classical trigeminal neuralgia (CTN), and to observe the brain functional status of patients with CTN and the intervention effects of EA on brain function by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). Methods and Analysis: Thirty CTN patients will be randomly divided into EA combined with carbamazepine group and carbamazepine group in 2:1 ratio by using a random number table. Patients in EA combined with carbamazepine will receive EA treatment and carbamazepine for four weeks. The carbamazepine group will only receive carbamazepine treatment. VAS (visual analogue scale), HAMA (Hamilton Anxiety Scale), HAMD (Hamilton Depression Scale) and SF-36 (short form 36 health survey) will be performed before, after four-week treatments and at three-month follow-up in CTN patients. Six CTN patients will be randomly selected from EA combined with carbamazepine group and carbamazepine group, respectively, before treatment, and twelve paired healthy participants will be recruited at the same time. The twelve CTN patients will be scanned by rs-fMRI before and after treatment, and the healthy participants will be scanned by rs-fMRI only at baseline. Regional homogeneity (ReHo) and amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) analysis will be carried out to compare the dysfunctional brain regions between CTN patients and healthy participants, as well as the differences between two groups of patients with CTN after treatment. Trial Registration: ChiCTR-1900027873.

10.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34711715

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK) is a solution commonly used for organ transplantation. However, there is no certified fixed regimen for on-pump heart surgery in neonates. We aimed to retrospectively evaluate the outcomes related to different HTK dosages and to analyze the safety of high-dosage perfusion. METHODS: A total of 146 neonates who underwent on-pump heart surgery with single-shot HTK perfusion were divided into two groups according to HTK dosages: a standard-dose (SD) group (n = 63, 40 mL/kg < HTK ≤ 60 mL/kg) and a high-dose (HD) group (n = 83, HTK >60 mL/kg). Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to control confounding bias. RESULTS: The SD group had a higher weight (3.7 ±â€Š0.4 vs. 3.4 ±â€Š0.4 kg, P < 0.0001), a lower proportion of complete transposition of the great artery (69.8% vs. 85.5%, P = 0.022), a lower cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time (123.5 [108.0, 136.0] vs. 132.5 [114.8, 152.5] min, P = 0.034), and a lower aortic x-clamp time (82.9 ±â€Š27.1 vs. 95.5 ±â€Š26.0 min, P = 0.005). After PSM, 44 patients were assigned to each group; baseline characteristics and CPB parameters between the two groups were comparable. There were no significant differences in peri-CPB blood product consumption after PSM (P > 0.05). The incidences of post-operative complications were not significantly different between the two groups. There were no significant differences in ventilation time, intensive care unit stay, and post-operative hospital stay (P > 0.05). Follow-up echocardiography outcomes at 1 month, 3 to 6 months, and 1 year showed that left ventricular ejection fraction and end-diastolic dimension were comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In neonatal on-pump cardiac surgery patients, single-shot HD (>60 mL/kg) HTK perfusion had a comparable heart protection effect and short-term post-operative prognosis as standard dosage perfusion of 40 to 60 mL/kg. Thus, this study provides supporting evidence of the safety of HD HTK perfusion.

11.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(8): 2839-2846, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664457

RESUMO

Forest resource survey is important for the sustainable development of forest ecosystem in China. The average tree height is a main structural parameter of forest resource survey, and also one of the key parameters with greatest difficulty to obtain. The purpose of this study was to explore the potential of joint active and passive remote sensing technology in estimating forest average height. Taking Xixiaoshan Forest Farm in Linjiang City of Jilin Province as the research area, we used Sentinel-1 SAR and Sentinel-2A data, extracted two backscatter coefficients and eight texture information of Sentinel-1, ten spectral bands and texture information of Sentinel-2A and eleven vegetation index variables, constructed five groups of average tree height estimation models based on above variables and fusion of four variables by multiple linear regression method. We further evaluated the influence of each variable on the inversion accuracy. The results showed that the texture information extracted from the Sentinel-2A spectral band of a single data source variable had a better modeling effect and could be used as effective data to estimate the average tree height. The height estimation model of the integrated four variables was optimal, with a R2 vaule of 0.56, a root mean square error of leave-one-out cross-validation of 2.92 m, and a relative root mean square error of leave-one-out cross-validation of 21.5%. The forest average height model based on Sentinel-1 and Sentinel-2a characteristic variables could improve the estimation accuracy of forest height, which could be used for regional forest average height estimation and mapping.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Árvores , China , Fazendas , Florestas
12.
ChemistryOpen ; 10(10): 966-975, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596979

RESUMO

Heparan sulfate (HS) interacts with a broad spectrum of inflammatory cytokines, thereby modulating their biological activities. It is believed that there is a structural-functional correlation between each protein and sugar sequences in the HS polysaccharides, however, the information in this regard is limited. In this study, we compared the binding of four inflammatory cytokines (CCL8, IL-1beta, IL-2 and IL-6) to immobilized heparin by an SPR analysis. To define the molecular base of the binding, we used a heparin pentasaccharide as representative structure to dock into the 3D-molecular structure of the cytokines. The results show a discrepancy in KD values obtained by SPR analysis and theoretical calculation, pointing to the importance to apply more than one method when describing affinity between proteins and HS. By cluster analysis of the complex formed between the pentasaccharide and cytokines, we have identified several groups in heparin forming strong hydrogen bonds with all four cytokines, which is a significant finding. This molecular and conformational information should be valuable for rational design of HS/heparin-mimetics to interfere cytokine-HS interactions.

13.
Org Lett ; 23(21): 8380-8384, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634203

RESUMO

The biomimetic synthesis of guaianolide dimers lavandiolides H, I, and K and artematrolide F containing a spirolactone moiety has been accomplished for the first time from naturally abundant arglabin in four to six steps with an overall yield up to 60%, and a series of natural product-like guaianolide dimers, trimer, and tetramer were also successfully synthesized. Notably, the trimeric compound exhibited antihepatoma cytotoxicity more potent than that of sorafenib with IC50 values of 6.2 µM (HepG2), 6.8 µM (Huh7), and 7.2 µM (SK-HEP-1).

14.
Am J Health Behav ; 45(5): 843-848, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702431

RESUMO

Objectives: In this study, we assessed the effects of integrated health education combined with life intervention on patients with coronary atherosclerotic heart disease (CHD) complicated with hyperlipidemia. Methods: We selected 96 patients with CHD complicated with hyperlipidemia being treated in our hospital from June 2018 to June 2020, and assigned them to a control group (N=48) or a research group (N=48). Patients in the control group received integrated health education, whereas those in the research group were given integrated health education combined with life intervention. We measured outcomes, including blood lipid levels, electrocardiogram (ECG) recovery times, lengths of hospital stay, compliance with nursing intervention, and satisfaction with nursing care. Results: After intervention, the total effective rate of nursing in the research group was 93.75% which was higher than for the control group 79.17%. In the research group, the levels of total cholesterol, triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were higher than those in control group, and the level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was lower than that in control group. The length of hospital stay and ECG recovery time were longer than those in research group. The research group had a higher nursing compliance rate than did the control group (91.67% vs 75.00%), and satisfaction with nursing care also was lower in the control group than in the research group (77.08 % vs 91.67%) (p < .05). Conclusion: Integrated health education combined with life intervention has a better nursing effect on patients with CHD complicated with hyperlipidemia, and can contribute to controlling blood lipid level in the normal range, improve nursing satisfaction and compliance of patients, reduce the occurrence of adverse events, shorten the length of hospital stay, and accelerate recovery of patients.

15.
Polymers (Basel) ; 13(18)2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577993

RESUMO

A new type of conjugated polybenzimidazole (CPBI) was synthesized through a simple polycondensation reaction without metal catalysis, and N-alkylation modification was carried out to solve the problems of solubility and fluorescence properties. A series of nano-microsphere polymers CPBIn with large conjugation, good solubility, and strong fluorescence has been successfully used as "turn-off" fluorescent probes for the first time. The results show that, under suitable N-alkylation conditions, the obtained CPBIn can be used as a highly sensitive and selective fluorescent probe for the detection of Cu2+ and Zn2+ at the same time, and their detection limits are both nM levels. In addition, CPBI2 can be designed as an ultra-sensitive IMPLICATION logic gate at the molecular level, cyclically detecting Cu2+. With the test paper containing CPBI2, easy and quick on-site detection can be achieved. This research provides a new idea for the brief synthesis of multifunctional materials.

16.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19302, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588467

RESUMO

Migraine is prevalent during pregnancy. Antimigraine medications such as dihydroergotamine (DHE) and triptans have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes in individual studies but lack of consensus remains. We compared the risk of prematurity, low birth weight (LBW), major congenital malformations (MCM), and spontaneous abortions (SA) associated with gestational use of DHE or triptans. Three cohort and one nested-case-control analyses were conducted within the Quebec Pregnancy Cohort to assess the risk of prematurity, LBW, MCM, and SA. Exposure was defined dichotomously as use of DHE or triptan during pregnancy. Generalized estimation equations were built to quantify the associations, adjusting for potential confounders. 233,900 eligible pregnancies were included in the analyses on prematurity, LBW, and MCM; 29,104 cases of SA were identified. Seventy-eight subjects (0.03%) were exposed to DHE and 526 (0.22%) to triptans. Adjusting for potential confounders, DHE and triptans were associated with increased risks of prematurity, LBW, MCM, and SA but not all estimates were statistically significant. DHE was associated with the risk of prematurity (aRR: 4.12, 95% CI 1.21-13.99); triptans were associated with the risk of SA (aOR: 1.63, 95% CI 1.34-1.98). After considering maternal migraine, all antimigraine specific medications increased the risk of some adverse pregnancy outcomes, but estimates were unstable.

17.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 15: 3765-3772, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522082

RESUMO

Purpose: Treatment of spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension in patients with severe preeclampsia assumes special concern as hypotension may further reduce placental perfusion. Phenylephrine is still the first-line vasopressor for treating spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension. However, the optimal dose of phenylephrine used as intravenous (IV) boluses in patients with severe preeclampsia has not been clearly determined. We aim to calculate the 90% effective dose (ED90) of phenylephrine as IV boluses for treating spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension in patients with severe preeclampsia undergoing cesarean delivery. Patients and Methods: Forty patients with severe preeclampsia were enrolled in this prospective sequential allocation dose-finding trial. Using the biased coin up-and-down (BCUD) method, all patients in our study received an IV bolus phenylephrine of either 40, 50, 60, 70, or 80 µg when the mean arterial pressure (MAP) decreased to less than 80% of the baseline level and the ED90 was determined. The primary outcome was the success of the assigned phenylephrine bolus to maintain the MAP at or above 80% of baseline value between the induction of spinal anesthesia and delivery of the fetus. Secondary outcomes included hypertension, nausea, vomiting, bradycardia, upper sensory level of anesthesia, umbilical blood gases, and Apgar score. Estimating of the ED90 with 95% confidence interval (CI) was achieved by isotonic regression method. Results: The ED90 of phenylephrine was estimated as 62.00 µg (95% CI=50.00-67.40 µg) using the isotonic regression method. No patients enrolled in our study experienced bradycardia and those patients who developed hypertension were all observed at the dose level 70 µg. Conclusion: For clinical practice, we recommend that phenylephrine 60 µg may be both effective and safe for treatment of spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension in severe preeclampsia during cesarean delivery.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3091-3101, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467700

RESUMO

The flower of Polygonatum cyrtonema has good edible and medicinal values. In this study, four samples of P. cyrtonema flowers from different regions were selected as test materials. The contents, composition and antioxidant activities of lipid-soluble pigments and alcohol-soluble components were determined under different light and temperature conditions, which help to reveal the discoloration reason and the composition variation patterns during storage. The results showed that light and temperature had different effects on the lipid-soluble pigments and alcohol-soluble components in the dried flowers during storage. After storage for 4 weeks, the contents of total chlorophyll, carotenoids, phenols and saponins in the samples exposed to light respectively decreased by 62.62%, 66.4%, 68.7% and 43.4% compared with those in the dark. The decreases in the contents of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, lutein, ß-carotene and zeaxanthin were 64.64%, 56.74%, 59.2%, 77.7% and 45.4%, respectively. The contents of pigments and components in the samples stored at-20 ℃ were significantly higher than those at room temperature and 4 ℃, indicating that low temperature was conductive to the stability of lipid-soluble pigments and alcohol-soluble components. The samples stored at low temperature and in the dark had the strongest free radical scavenging activity. The results suggest that P. cyrtonema dried flowers should be stored in low temperature environment without light, which can slow down the degradation of internal components. The study provides a theoretical basis for the production, processing and storage of P. cyrtonema flowers.


Assuntos
Polygonatum , Antioxidantes , Carotenoides , Clorofila A , Flores
19.
Front Oncol ; 11: 714357, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476216

RESUMO

Neutrophils are vital components of innate and adaptive immunity. It is widely acknowledged that in various pathological conditions, neutrophils are activated and release condensed DNA strands, triggering the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). NETs have been shown to be effective in fighting against microbial infections and modulating the pathogenesis and progression of diseases, including malignant tumors. This review describes the current knowledge on the biological characteristics of NETs. Additionally, the mechanisms of NETs in cancer are discussed, including the involvement of signaling pathways and the crosstalk between other cancer-related mechanisms, including inflammasomes and autophagy. Finally, based on previous and current studies, the roles of NET formation and the potential therapeutic targets and strategies related to NETs in several well-studied types of cancers, including breast, lung, colorectal, pancreatic, blood, neurological, and cutaneous cancers, are separately reviewed and discussed.

20.
Blood ; 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525183

RESUMO

CAR T-cell toxicities resembling hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) occur in a subset of patients with cytokine release syndrome (CRS). As a variant of conventional CRS, a comprehensive characterization of CAR T-cell associated HLH (carHLH) and investigations into associated risk factors are lacking. In the context of 59 patients infused with CD22 CAR T-cells where a substantial proportion developed carHLH, we comprehensively describe the manifestations and timing of carHLH as a CRS variant and explore factors associated with this clinical profile. Amongst 52 subjects with CRS, 21 (40.4%) developed carHLH. Clinical features of carHLH included hyperferritinemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypofibrinogenemia, coagulopathy, hepatic transaminitis, hyperbilirubinemia, severe neutropenia, elevated lactate dehydrogenase and occasionally hemophagocytosis. Development of carHLH was associated with pre-infusion NK-cell lymphopenia and higher bone marrow T/NK-cell ratio, which was further amplified with CAR T-cell expansion. Following CRS, more robust CAR T-cell and CD8 T-cell expansion in concert with pronounced NK-cell lymphopenia amplified pre-infusion differences in those with carHLH without evidence for defects in NK-cell mediated cytotoxicity. CarHLH was further characterized by persistent elevation of HLH-associated inflammatory cytokines, which contrasted with declining levels in those without carHLH. In the setting of CAR T-cell mediated expansion, clinical manifestations and immunophenotypic profiling in those with carHLH overlap with features of secondary HLH, prompting consideration of an alternative framework for identification and management of this toxicity profile to optimize outcomes following CAR T-cell infusion.

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