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1.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 36(1): 530-537, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066585

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of microwave ablation-assisted laparoscopic hepatectomy (MLH) for the management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: Data from HCC patients with liver cirrhosis who underwent laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) or MLH in Shengjing Hospital (Shenyang, China) were retrospectively analyzed from January 2013 to June 2017. The demographic characteristics, clinical features, intraoperative parameters and surgical outcomes were analyzed and compared. Propensity scores matching (PSM) analysis was used to minimize bias. RESULTS: A total of 54 patients were enrolled in the MLH group and 39 patients in the LH group. Following 1:1 matching by PSM analysis, 26 patients were selected from each group. Compared to the LH group, patients in the MLH group had significantly decreased intraoperative bleeding (48.0 vs. 203.9 ml, p < .0001) and reduced demand for hepatic inflow occlusion (0 vs. 6, p = .009). No significant difference was observed in average operation time (155.7 vs. 148.5 min) and postoperative hospitalization time (8.3 vs. 9.3 d) between the MLH and LH groups. Similarly, the 1-year and 3-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates as well as the 1-year and 3-year overall survival (OS) rates of the MLH and LH groups were not significantly different (83.1 vs. 82.4% and 64.6 vs. 36.6% as well as 100 vs. 95.8% and 93.8 vs. 59.1%, respectively: p > .05). CONCLUSIONS: MLH significantly decreased intraoperative bleeding and reduced the need for hepatic occlusion without compromising the surgical outcome. Therefore, microwave ablation could be a valuable tool for LH in HCC patients with cirrhosis.

2.
World J Clin Cases ; 6(14): 716-734, 2018 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30510936

RESUMO

Liver metastasis (LM) is one of the major causes of death in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Approximately 60% of CRC patients develop LM during the course of their illness. About 85% of these patients have unresectable disease at the time of presentation. Surgical resection is currently the only curative treatment for patients with colorectal LM (CRLM). In recent years, with the help of modern multimodality therapy including systemic chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery, the outcomes of CRLM treatment have significantly improved. This article summarizes the current status of surgical treatment of CRLM including evaluation of resectability, treatment for resectable LM, conversion therapy and liver transplantation for unresectable cases, liver resection for recurrent CRLM and elderly patients, and surgery for concomitant hepatic and extra-hepatic metastatic disease (EHMD). We believe that with the help of modern multimodality therapy, an aggressive oncosurgical approach should be implemented as it has the possibility of achieving a cure, even when EHMD is present in patients with CRLM.

3.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 37(1): 110, 2018 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29843754

RESUMO

Immune checkpoints include stimulatory and inhibitory checkpoint molecules. In recent years, inhibitory checkpoints, including cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4), programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1), and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), have been identified to suppress anti-tumor immune responses in solid tumors. Novel drugs targeting immune checkpoints have succeeded in cancer treatment. Specific PD-1 blockades were approved for treatment of melanoma in 2014 and for treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer in 2015 in the United States, European Union, and Japan. Preclinical and clinical studies show immune checkpoint therapy provides survival benefit for greater numbers of patients with liver cancer, including hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma, two main primary liver cancers. The combination of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 with anti-CTLA-4 antibodies is being evaluated in phase 1, 2 or 3 trials, and the results suggest that an anti-PD-1 antibody combined with locoregional therapy or other molecular targeted agents is an effective treatment strategy for HCC. In addition, studies on activating co-stimulatory receptors to enhance anti-tumor immune responses have increased our understanding regarding this immunotherapy in liver cancer. Epigenetic modulations of checkpoints for improving the tumor microenvironment also expand our knowledge of potential therapeutic targets in improving the tumor microenvironment and restoring immune recognition and immunogenicity. In this review, we summarize current knowledge and recent developments in immune checkpoint-based therapies for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma and attempt to clarify the mechanisms underlying its effects.

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