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1.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 194, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between blood pressure change and kidney damage in patients with abnormal blood glucose remains unclear. The current study aimed to identify systolic blood pressure (SBP) trajectories among the prediabetic population and to determine their association with kidney damage after a long-term follow-up. METHODS: The incidence, development, and prognosis of diabetic kidney disease (INDEED) study is nested in the Kailuan cohort study with a focus on population with diabetes and prediabetes. We screened out people with prediabetes in 2006 and with more than three SBP records from 2006 to 2014 biennially. We used the latent mixture modeling to fit five groups of trajectories of SBP. In 2016, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary albumin creatinine ratio (uACR), and urinary α1-microglobulin (α1MG), transferrin and α1-acid glycoprotein were measured, and the association between SBP trajectories and these markers was analyzed by linear regression and logistic regression models. RESULTS: Totally, 1451 participants with prediabetes and without kidney damage were identified in 2006. Five heterogeneous SBP trajectories were detected based on the longitudinal data from 2006 to 2014, as low-stable group (n = 323), moderate-stable group (n = 726), moderate-increasing group (n = 176), moderate-decreasing group (n = 181), and high-stable group (n = 45). Linear regression analysis showed that the moderate and high SBP groups had lower eGFR, higher uACR, higher urinary α1MG, higher transferrin, and higher α1-acid glycoprotein than the low-stable group. Multivariable analysis attenuated the association but did not change the statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Prediabetic patients with persistent high-level SBP trajectory or gradually increased SBP trajectory had severer kidney damage during follow-up.

2.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32399675

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Leucine-rich repeat-containing G protein-coupled receptor 4 (LGR4) could affect differentiation of osteoblasts and bone mass through potentiating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. LGR4 is also relevant to glycolipid metabolism. The present study aims to explore the relationship between genetic variations in LGR4 gene and peak bone mineral density (peak BMD) and body composition phenotypes in Chinese nuclear families. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 22 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected and five blocks were constructed in LGR4. Body composition (lean mass and fat mass) and peak BMD were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Quantitative transmission disequilibrium test (QTDT) analysis was used to explore the relationship between LGR4 genotypes and the mentioned phenotypes. RESULTS: For QTDT analysis after 1000 permutations, significant within-family associations were observed between rs11029986 and total fat mass (TFM) and percentage of TFM (PFM) (P = 0.014 and 0.011, respectively), rs12787344, rs4128868, rs4923445, and rs7936621 and body mass index (BMI) (P = 0.008, 0.003, 0.046, and 0.003, respectively), rs11029986 and total hip BMD (P = 0.026), and rs12796247, rs2219783, and lumbar spine BMD (P = 0.013 and 0.027, respectively). Haplotypes GCGT and AAGC (both in block 3) were observed in significant within-family association with BMI (P = 0.003 and 0.002, respectively). CONCLUSION: It is the first family-based association analysis to explore and demonstrate significant associations between LGR4 genotypes and variations of peak BMD and body composition in young Chinese men. The results are consistent with the findings that recent studies revealed, and confirm the critical relationship between LGR4 gene and both BMD and body composition.

3.
Neuroscience ; 437: 130-131, 2020 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380269
4.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 194: 105876, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413816

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the surgical effects and complications of microvascular decompression (MVD) for hemifacial spasm (HFS) based on different offending vessels, and report our surgical experience of HFS patients related to vertebral artery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: MVDs performed in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2017 were retrospectively studied, and 1152 patients with HFS were split into two groups in accordance with the offending vessels. RESULTS: 954 patients with HFS caused by small vascular compression were classified as Group A. 849 patients got cured immediately after MVD, while delayed resolution was identified in 101 patients. 4 patients were not relieved and 4 were relapsed during the follow-up period. We observed 76 cases of delayed facial paralysis, 7 cases of hearing loss, 2 hoarseness and 3 cases of CSF leakage after surgery. In Group B, 198 patients displayed HFS associated with the vertebral artery (VA). 144 cases were spasm free after surgery and 51 patients had a delayed resolution. 3 patients were not significantly ameliorated and 2 were relapsed during the follow-up period. The major postoperative complications included facial paralysis in 28 patients, hearing loss in 4 and hoarseness and dysphagia in 3. The two groups showed no operative death. CONCLUSIONS: For the patients with HFS related to VA, the delayed cure rate and the incidence of postoperative cranial nerve complications were higher than HFS attributed to small vascular compression. And the two groups were not different in the long-term outcome and the incidence of permanent cranial nerve complications.

5.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1255, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a common malignant tumor in the colon, colon cancer (CC) has high incidence and recurrence rates. This study is designed to build a prognostic model for CC. METHODS: The gene expression dataset, microRNA-seq dataset, copy number variation (CNV) dataset, DNA methylation dataset, and transcription factor (TF) dataset of CC were downloaded from UCSC Xena database. Using limma package, the differentially methylated genes (DMGs), and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and miRNAs (DEMs) were identified. Based on random forest method, prognostic model for each omics dataset were constructed. After the omics features related to prognosis were selected using logrank test, the prognostic model based on multi-omics features was built. Finally, the clinical phenotypes correlated with prognosis were screened using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and the nomogram model was established. RESULTS: There were 1625 DEGs, 268 DEMs, and 386 DMGs between the tumor and normal samples. A total of 105, 29, 159, five, and six genes/sites significantly correlated with prognosis were identified in the gene expression dataset (GABRD), miRNA-seq dataset (miR-1271), CNV dataset (RN7SKP247), DNA methylation dataset (cg09170112 methylation site [located in SFSWAP]), and TF dataset (SIX5), respectively. The prognostic model based on multi-omics features was more effective than those based on single omics dataset. The number of lymph nodes, pathologic_M stage, and pathologic_T stage were the clinical phenotypes correlated with prognosis, based on which the nomogram model was constructed. CONCLUSION: The prognostic model based on multi-omics features and the nomogram model might be valuable for the prognostic prediction of CC.

6.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 32(3): 301-306, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical predictive value of short-term dynamic changes in platelet counts (PLT) for prognosis of sepsis patients in intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The patients aging 18 to 80 years old who were diagnosed by Sepsis-3 admitted to ICU of South Branch of Shanghai General Hospital from November 2015 to October 2018 were enrolled. According to whether the patients died within 28 days, they were divided into death and survival groups. General information and clinical baseline data [including disease severity score, infection biomarkers, PLT and organ function parameters (cardiac, liver, kidney, coagulation) and inflammatory cytokines] between the two groups were compared. Based on clinical indicators which had statistically significance, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to predict the prognosis of the patients within 28 days. Then, risk factors of 28-day mortality of sepsis patients in ICU were screened by univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis. On the basis of multivariate Logistic regression analysis results, a multiparameter model was built, and the ROC curve was drawn to predict its prognosis within 28 days. RESULTS: A total of 220 sepsis patients were enrolled. Among them, 61 patients died and 159 patients survived within 28 days with a 28-day mortality of 27.7%. Compared with the survival group, the patients in the death group were senior in age, more likely to suffer from chronic cardiovascular, chronic kidney and immune system disease, had higher scores in acute physiologic and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) score and less PLT on the 1st and 7th day, sustained a higher incidence of persistent thrombocytopenia (PLT were all < 100×109/L in the first week after ICU admission) or acquired thrombocytopenia (PLT ≥ 100×109/L on the day of ICU admission, but dropped over 50% during the first week after ICU admission), were subjected to higher procalcitonin (PCT) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and endured worse organ function (cardiac, kidney, coagulation) with statistically significant differences. However, there was no significant difference in gender, disease type, infection sites, pathogens or liver function. The ROC curve analysis for the 28-day prognosis of sepsis illustrated that the three disease severity scores could predict the 28-day prognosis of sepsis in ICU, and the area under ROC curve (AUC) of SOFA score was the highest (AUC = 0.878). The AUC of PLT on the 7th day was higher than that on the 1st day (AUC: 0.862 vs. 0.674), and the AUC of other clinical indicators were all < 0.8. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that SOFA score [odds ratio (OR) = 1.423, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.089-1.859, P = 0.010], troponin I (TnI; OR = 2.056, 95%CI was 1.057-3.999, P = 0.034), and persistent or acquired thrombocytopenia (OR = 13.028, 95%CI was 4.033-42.090, P < 0.001) were three independent risk factors for 28-day mortality of the sepsis patients in ICU. Based on the multivariate Logistic regression analysis results, a multiparameter model was built with SOFA score, TnI and persistent or acquired thrombocytopenia, which showed a AUC of 0.926 to predict the 28-day mortality of sepsis patients in ICU. When the optimum cut-off value was 0.398 in the model, the sensitivity was 76.8%, and the specificity was 92.8%. CONCLUSIONS: Persistent or acquired thrombocytopenia within the first week of hospitalization proves to have a relatively momentous clinical predictive value for prognosis of sepsis patients in ICU. Clinical intervention focusing on thrombocytopenia may become a new potential therapy for these sepsis patients.

7.
J Mol Neurosci ; 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32390081

RESUMO

This study focused on the relevance between the carotid plaque formation and the single nucleotide polymorphisms of chromosome 9p21 and CD147 in acute non-cardiogenic cerebral infarction. A total of 937 eligible patients were enrolled and categorized into carotid plaque group or non-carotid plaque group. The baseline data was analyzed, and the SNPs of chromosome 9p21 and CD147 were detected. After analyzing the results of clinic data and SNPs, we found that age, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, systolic blood pressure, fasting serum glucose, and NIHSS score are associated with plaque formation. Meanwhile, rs10757274, rs4977574, and rs4919862 existed statistical differences between two groups. We also analyzed linkage disequilibrium, haplotype, and inheritance models of these three SNPs, and drew the ROC curve to assess diagnostic efficiency. The results showed that mutations of SNP rs10757274 and rs4977574 in chromosome 9p21 together with SNP rs4919862 located in gene CD147 were highly relevant with the carotid plague formation in acute cerebral ischemia patients. Compared with single SNP genotype mutation, combined allele mutations on rs10757274 or rs4977574 in chromosome 9p21 with rs4919862 in CD147 resulted in much higher risks of patients, which might be associated with acute cerebral infarction happening.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 724: 138204, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32408451

RESUMO

The deterioration of reservoirs in southern China due to the kinetics of Iron (Fe), Phosphorus (P) and sulphide (S) at the sediment-water interface (SWI) is a major problem that needs urgent attention. Studies on the biogeochemistry of Fe, P, and S using high-resolution profile techniques in reservoirs in this region are limited. The diffusive gradient in thin films (DGT) technique, high-resolution dialysis, DGT-computer imaging densitometry (CID), DGT-induced fluxes in sediments (DIFS) and planar optode (PO) device were used to describe the dynamics Fe-P-S in SWI during hypoxia. The results showed the release of Fe-P-S in SWI was due to sulfate reduction and iron reduction influenced greatly by hypoxia. Positive apparent fluxes were recorded indicating that the sediments release Fe-P-S to the overlying water. High positive correlations (r2 > 0.7) for DGT-labile Fe and DGT-labile P in sediments revealed that iron-bound P controlled the release of P at SWI during reductive dissolution. The low correlation between DGT-labile Fe and DGT-labile S (r2 < 0.4) disclosed the combative nature between sulfate reduction and iron reduction process. The low correlation occurred because of the co-precipitation between Fe and S, forming black materials such as monosulfide (FeS) and pyrite (FeS2) in a hypoxic environment. The DIFS model showed the resupply ability (R-values) of P in sediments belonged to the partially sustained case with a steady state case of resupply at TB3 (Tc = 1088s, Kd = 1005.61 cm3/g R = 0.72, K-1 = 0.19 day-1) and TB4 (Tc = 712 s, Kd = 712.53 cm3/g, R = 0.78, K-1 = 0.46 day-1). The resupply rate belonged to the non-steady state case at TB1 (Tc = 10,990 s, Kd = 396.3 cm3/g, R = 0.35, K-1 = 0.07 day-1) and TB2 (Tc = 6097 s, Kd = 578.5 cm3/g, R = 0.45, K-1 = 0.10 day-1). The DGT-CID-PO-DIFS provided a deep insight on the mechanism of Fe-P-S and remobilization of P at SWI leading to Blackwater events and eutrophication.

10.
J Exp Bot ; 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275056

RESUMO

Previously, linalool was found to be the most abundant component among the volatile cocktails released from flowers of Freesia hybrida, which was catalyzed by a monoterpene synthase FhTPS1. However, the regulatory network developmentally modulating the expression of FhTPS1 gene remains unexplored. In this study, three regulators, FhMYB21L1, FhMYB21L2 and FhMYC2, were screened from 52 candidate regulatory genes. The two MYB regulators were synchronously expressed with FhTPS1 and could activate its expression significantly when overexpressed, and the binding of FhMYB21L2 to the MYBCORE sites in FhTPS1 promoter was further confirmed, indicating its direct activation roles. FhMYC2 showed an adverse expression pattern compared with FhTPS1, it could decrease the binding of FhMYB21 against FhTPS1 promoter to counteract its activation capacity when co-expressed, indicating roles of the MYB-bHLH complex in the regulation of FhTPS1 gene. In Arabidopsis thaliana, both MYB21 and MYC2 regulators were proved to activate the expression of sesquiterpene synthase genes, and the regulation roles of AtMYB21 and AtMYC2 on linalool synthase gene was also confirmed, implying conserved functions of the MYB-bHLH complex in these two evolutionarily divergent plants. Moreover, the expression ratio between MYB21 and MYC2 orthologous might be determinant factor for the flower linalool emission.

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(2): 347-351, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237317

RESUMO

Eight compounds were isolated from the ethyl acetate extraction of Prunus mume by column chromatography. On the basis of physicochemical properties and spectrum analysis, these compounds were identified as isoquercitrin-6″-O-benzoate(1), pinoresinol(2), naringin(3), ethyl-ß-D-glucopyranoside(4), astragalin(5), quercetin(6), hypericin(7), and rutin(8). Among them, compound 1 was a new natural product, and compounds 2-5 were isolated from this plant for the first time. In vitro study, compounds 1, 3, 5-8 could significantly increase the cell survival ratio.

12.
Nutr Cancer ; : 1-10, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285694

RESUMO

In this systematic review and meta-analysis, 25 clinical trials were systematically reviewed, and meta-analysis was performed with the results of 16 trials. It was found that the risk of surgical site infection was significantly lower in patients who received perioperative immunonutrition than those given standard nutrition. Furthermore, hospital stay was significantly shorter in patients receiving immunonutrition or early enteral nutrition after surgical resection of gastric cancer. Perioperative immunonutrition also significantly reduced white blood cell counts and the level of C-reactive protein in the patients. However, neither CD4+ T cells nor inflammatory cytokines were significantly affected even though immunonutrition was in favor. These findings suggested that patients with gastrointestinal cancer may benefit from perioperative immunonutrition support by reducing surgery-associated complications and shortening hospital stay. The effects and the underlying mechanism of immunonutrition on immunological modulation and inflammatory regulation, however, remain to be further defined.

13.
Coron Artery Dis ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic characteristics of multiple sequential coronary artery bypass grafting using a computational fluid dynamics study. METHODS: First anastomosis was configured into parallel and diamond anastomoses, and the second anastomosis was set as end-side anastomosis. The anastomosis incision lengths were fixed at 2 mm. Various combinations of the degree of first and second stenoses were studied. The diameter of both the native and graft vessels was set at 2 mm. The inlet boundary condition was set by a sample of the transient time flow measurement, which was measured intraoperatively. RESULTS: Both swirl and stagnation were observed at the outlets of the stenosis and the anastomosis sites. When the severity of the second stenosis was larger than that of the first, the flow at the outlet of the second stenosis was more unstable. Higher wall shear stress and larger oscillatory shear index regions were observed when the severe stenosis was bypassed by the first anastomosis, especially with diamond anastomoses. Less energy loss and higher energy efficiency were present when the vessel with more severe stenosis was bypassed as the second anastomosis. Energy loss was lower and energy efficiency was higher with parallel anastomosis than diamond anastomosis when the severity of the two stenoses was the same. CONCLUSIONS: It is ideal to bypass the less severe stenosis vessel first with a parallel anastomosis method when employing multiple sequential bypass grafting. This improves hemodynamic stability and energy efficiency, according to a computational fluid dynamics model.

14.
Thyroid ; 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32245343

RESUMO

Background: The appropriate range of median urinary iodine concentration (MUI) in children has always been controversial. To prevent the occurrence of a goiter epidemic in Shanghai, we explored the appropriate range of MUI by integrating multiple monitoring results. Methods: This study summarized and analyzed the monitoring data from 1997, 1999, 2011, 2014, and 2017 of children living in Shanghai. In each monitoring year, the probability-proportional-to-size sampling technique was used to select 30 sampling units. In each sampling unit, one primary school was randomly selected. From each selected school, 40 children 8- to 10-year-old were randomly recruited to measure thyroid volume (Tvol) and their household salt iodine intake. Results: In 1997, 1999, 2011, 2014, and 2017, MUI of 8- to 10-year-old children was 228, 214, 182, 171, and 183 µg/L, and median Tvol (MTvol) was 2.9, 1.2, 1.0, 1.8, and 2.8 mL, respectively. There was a linear correlation between goiter rate and MTvol (r = 0.95, p = 0.014; 100 × goiter rate = 1.314 × MTvol -1.287). Generalized additive model (GAM) was used to predict MTvol as follows, MTvol = 0.60689 + 0.00302 MUI +0.999928 s (MUI) -0.05172 mean salt iodized concentrations (MSIs) +0.03481 × 100 × iodized salt coverage rate +0.00000969 per capita disposable income +0.271422 s (per capita disposable income) -0.38772 × monitoring year gap. The results revealed that the average relative error between predicted and actual value was 15.2%. GAM results showed that at 27-277 µg/L MUI, the goiter rate was <5%. Conclusions: Iodine status is appropriate in Shanghai. Under the existing economy and MSI, the optimal range of MUI should be 70-277 µg/L in 8- to 10-year-old children living in Shanghai.

15.
J Immunol ; 204(10): 2754-2761, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32269096

RESUMO

Citrobacter rodentium colonizes at the colon and causes mucosal inflammation in mice. Previous studies have revealed the importance of the innate and adaptive immune response for controlling C. rodentium infection. In the present study, we examined the role of T follicular helper (Tfh) cells in intestinal C. rodentium infection using mice with Bcl6 deficiency in T cells. Tfh cells were absolutely required at the late, but not the early, phase to control infection. Compared with control mice, we observed systemic pathogen dissemination and more severe colitis in Tfh-deficient mice. Furthermore, the susceptibility of Tfh-deficient mice correlated with an impaired serum IgG1 response to infection, and serum Abs from infected wild-type mice protected Tfh-deficient mice from infection. The transfer of wild-type Tfh cells also restored the levels of IgG1 and led to effective clearance of the pathogens in Tfh-deficient mice. Moreover, during C. rodentium infection, IL-21- and IL-4-producing Tfh cells were increased obviously in wild-type mice, correlating with IgG1 as the major isotype in germinal center B cells. Taken together, our work highlights the requirement and the function of Tfh cells in regulating humoral response for the host protection against C. rodentium infection.

16.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(14): 2747-2757, 2020 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32227021

RESUMO

A silver-catalyzed efficient and direct C-H carbamoylation of quinolines with oxamic acids to access carbamoylated quinolines has been developed through oxidative decarboxylation reaction. The reaction proceeds smoothly over a broad range of substrates with excellent functional group tolerance and excellent yields under mild conditions.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282270

RESUMO

Aim: This study was performed to investigate the feasibility of surgical treatment of port-site metastasis after laparoscopic radical resection of gastrointestinal tumors. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and follow-up data of 8 patients with port-site metastases after gastrointestinal cancer resection in our hospital from January 2014 to January 2018. Results: Six of port-site metastases occurred within 6 months after gastrointestinal tumor resection, one of port-site metastases occurred in 10 months after the operation, and one of port-site metastases occurred in 30 months after the operation. Any metastasis to the abdominal cavity or distant metastasis was ruled out before the surgical treatment of the port-site metastases, and all patients recovered well after the extended operation. No incisional infection or incisional hernia occurred. By December 2019, 4 patients had died (they had survived for 12, 13, 18, and 24 months, respectively) and 5 patients had survived. The follow-up duration ranged from 19 to 28 months. Conclusions: Surgical resection of port-site metastases is not difficult because of their superficial location. Surgical treatment can improve the prognosis of patients without abdominal metastasis or distant metastasis/recurrence.

18.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(11): 5025-5037, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32248442

RESUMO

Chromobacterium violaceum, one free-living Gram-negative bacterium, is abundantly presented in tropics and sub-tropics soil and aquatic environment; it is also an opportunistic human pathogen. Here, two cinnamic acid derivatives, i.e., 4-dimethylaminocinnamic acid (DCA) and 4-methoxycinnamic acid (MCA), were identified as potential quorum sensing (QS) and biofilm inhibitors in C. violaceum ATCC12472. Both DCA (100 µg/mL) and MCA (200 µg/mL) inhibited the levels of N-decanoyl-homoserine lactone (C10-HSL) and reduced the production of certain virulence factors in C. violaceum, including violacein, hemolysin, and chitinase. Metabolomics analysis indicated that QS-related metabolites, such as ethanolamine and L-methionine, were down-regulated after treatment with DCA and MCA. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) demonstrated that DCA and MCA markedly suppressed the expression of two QS-related genes (cviI and cviR). In addition, DCA and MCA also inhibited biofilm formation and enhanced the susceptibility of biofilms to tobramycin, which was evidenced by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Our results indicated that DCA and MCA can serve as QS-based agent for controlling pathogens.Key Points • DCA and MCA inhibited QS and biofilm formation in C. violaceum.• The combination of DCA or MCA and tobramycin removed the preformed biofilm of C. violaceum. • DCA or MCA inhibited virulence factors and expressions of cviI and cviR of C. violaceum.• DCA or MCA are potential antibiotic accelerants for treating C. violaceum infection.

19.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 573: 96-104, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32276232

RESUMO

The transition metal-based catalysts have great potential to boost the electrocatalytic reactions due to their flexible electronic configuration and low cost. This work developed a facile emulsion aggregation strategy to synthesize coral-like carbon-wrapped NiCo alloy (Co0.5Ni0.5/rGO) with high oxygen evolution reaction (OER) activity. The effect of alloy composition and GO content on the OER activity was evaluated in the 1 mol L-1 KOH solution. The OER mechanism of the Co0.5Ni0.5/rGO catalyst was disclosed by X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) and synchrotron radiation X-ray absorption spectra (XAS). The emulsion containing amphipathic graphene oxide (GO) and hydrophobic nickel/cobalt complexes induces the formation of the carbon-wrapped nanostructure. The coral-like Co0.5Ni0.5/rGO catalyst exhibits the low overpotential of 288 mV at the current density of 10 mA cm-2 and good durability, both of which are superior to the standard RuO2. The synergistic effect between nickel and cobalt effectively regulates the electronic structure and OER activity of the alloy catalysts. Moreover, the interaction between NiCo alloys and carbon shells can reduce the interfacial resistance.

20.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346889

RESUMO

The aim is to investigate the correlation between computed tomography (CT) features and insulin resistance levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complicated with primary pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). Nearly, 268 untreated PTB patients complicated with T2DM were divided into two groups according to the optimal cutoff value of HOMA-IR score for the Chinese population: HOMA-IR ≤ 2.69 (Group I: 74 patients), >2.69 (Group II: 194 patients). The basic characteristics and changes of CT manifestations were analyzed. In the two groups, the detection rate of large segmented leafy shadow was 39.2% and 78.9%; the air bronchogram sign detection rate was 40.5% and 80.9%; the discovery rate of mouth-eaten cavity was 33.8% and 73.7%; the thin-walled cavity detection rate was 2.7% and 16.0%; the rate of multiple cavities was 35.1% and 69.6%; and bronchial tuberculosis was found in 4.1% and 35.6%, respectively. The detection rates of lesions in Group II were significantly higher than in Group I (p < .05). HOMA-IR was found independently associated with large segmented leafy shadow, air bronchial sign, thin-walled cavity, and bronchial tuberculosis. The level of insulin resistance can effectively reflect the severity of PTB patients with T2DM. CT scan can directly provide image information in clinics. These two examinations can guide clinicians to accurately formulate subsequent treatment plans.

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