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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 857(Pt 1): 159403, 2023 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36243066

RESUMO

China's carbon emissions have developed swiftly in recent decades, which will not only affect the nation's own sustainable development, but have a potentially negative impact on global climate stability. Given that socioeconomic development is susceptible to regional heterogeneity and geographic scales, a systematic exploration of spatiotemporal variations of carbon emission intensity (CEI) and their drivers across different levels is conducive to enacting more reasonable and efficient measures for emission reduction. However, there is still a lack of comprehensive analysis of these issues. In this paper, we attempted to quantify and compare the spatiotemporal evolution and spatial spillover effects of impact factors on CEI from nighttime light imagery and socioeconomic data at two China's administrative levels by utilizing the variation coefficient, spatial autocorrelation model and spatial econometric methods. The results showed that the spatiotemporal variations of CEI were greater at the prefecture level compared to the provincial level during 2000-2017. There were significant positive spatial autocorrelation of CEI at two administrative levels, and self-reinforcing agglomeration was more substantial at the prefectural level than that provincial level. While the local spatial clustering of CEI of each administrative level altered with scale dependence, the binary spatial structure (High-High and Low-Low) of CEI remained relatively steady in China. Various driver factors not only had direct effects on local CEI, but had spatial spillover effects on neighboring areas. Our findings illustrate that China's CEI is sensitive to the space-time hierarchy of multi-mechanisms, and suggest that "proceed in the light of local conditions" strategies can assist the Chinese government for CEI mitigation.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Carbono , Carbono/análise , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , Análise Espacial , China , Desenvolvimento Econômico
2.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 935643, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36325391

RESUMO

Background: Dexmedetomidine has been documented to reduce the dose of both intrathecal local anesthetic during cesarean delivery, and the concentration of ropivacaine needed for inducing analgesia during labor. However, few studies have compared adjuvant dexmedetomidine to fentanyl on how they impact the dose of ropivacaine required during labor. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy of epidural dexmedetomidine at doses of 0.3, 0.4, or 0.5 and 2 µg/ml of fentanyl (the traditional clinical concentration), when added to epidural 0.125% ropivacaine. Methods: This was a randomized, double-blinded study that comprised one hundred eighty-eight patients, allocated into four groups receiving either epidural fentanyl at 2 µg/ml, or dexmedetomidine at 0.3, 0.4, or 0.5 µg/ml for labor analgesia. The primary outcome was the amount of ropivacaine necessary per hour. Secondary outcomes included visual analogue pain scale (VAS), motor block (Bromage Scale), side effects, patient satisfaction, and neonatal outcomes. Results: At the completion of the study, data from 165 participants were analyzed. The mean hourly amount of epidural ropivacaine administered was 16.2 ± 3.3, 14.0 ± 3.1, 13.1 ± 3.7 and 12.1 ± 2.5 ml/h in the 2 µg/ml fentanyl group, and the 0.3, 0.4 and 0.5 µg/ml dexmedetomidine groups, respectively. There was a significant difference among groups in the mean hourly consumption of epidural ropivacaine (P < 0.0001 for 1 way ANOVA). The frequency of PCEA (patient-controlled epidural analgesia) was significantly higher in the fentanyl group than in the three dexmedetomidine groups (P < 0.001), and similar among the dexmedetomidine groups. The mean values of the VAS among all groups were similar over time, P > 0.05. The incidence of pruritus in the fentanyl group was 17.5%, whereas no patient experienced pruritus in any of the dexmedetomidine groups, P < 0.0001. Conclusion: The study demonstrated that epidural dexmedetomidine (0.3 and 0.4 µg/ml) was superior to standard dose epidural fentanyl in reducing the mean hourly amount of ropivacaine administered, and minimizing opioid-related side effects. Further large and multicenter studies would be necessary to confirm the benefits of dexmedetomidine, and potentially serve as an alternative to opioids for routine use in labor analgesia. Clinical trial registration: [http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=62846], identifier [ChiCTR2000039067].

3.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 15: 817738, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36407763

RESUMO

Acupuncture is a common complementary and alternative therapy around the world, but its mechanism remains still unclear. In the past decade, some studies indicated that transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) channels play a great role in the response of acupuncture stimulation. In this article, we discussed the relationship between acupuncture and TRPV channels. Different from inhibitors and agonists, the regulation of acupuncture on TRPV channels is multi-targeted and biphasic control. Acupuncture stimulation shows significant modulation on TRPV1 and TRPV4 at the autonomic nervous system (ANS) including central and peripheral nervous systems. On the contrary, the abundant expression and functional participation of TRPV1 and TRPV4 were specific to acupuncture stimulation at acupoints. The enhancement or inhibition of TRPV channels at different anatomical levels will affect the therapeutic effect of acupuncture. In conclusion, TRPV channels help to understand the principle of acupuncture stimulation, and acupuncture also provides a potential approach to TRPV-related trials.

4.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1027839, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388277

RESUMO

Importance: Stable angina pectoris (SAP) often occurs in the elderly and is relatively stable for 1-3 months; however, if patients do not receive effective treatment, life-threatening acute myocardial infarction could occur. Patients with different clinical types of coronary heart disease have different intestinal flora. Baduanjin, a traditional Chinese Qigong, has been used as adjuvant therapy to improve the symptoms of patients with SAP. Objective: To determine the effect of Baduanjin exercise on the symptoms of patients with SAP and the intestinal flora, explore the action links and targets of Baduanjin intervention in elderly patients with SAP, and explain its mechanism. Design: A single-center, single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Patients and outcome assessors were blinded to group allocation. Setting: The trial will be conducted at Guang'anmen Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences. Participants: One hundred and eighty patients aged 60 to 80 years with stable angina pectoris (I-III) were intervened for 8 weeks and followed up for half a year. Interventions: Among the screened patients, 180 patients will be randomly assigned to either the Baduanjin or the control group at a 1:1 ratio (exercise duration: for 3-5 times a week, for 8 weeks) of moderate-intensity Baduanjin or free activities. Main and secondary results: The main result is the total effective rate for angina pectoris symptoms; secondary results include the duration of angina pectoris, number of angina pectoris episodes per week, nitroglycerin consumption, nitroglycerin reduction rate, Seattle angina score (SAQ), quality of life (SF-36),Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome scores, electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, blood lipid serum hypersensitive C-reactive protein levels, intestinal flora changes, serum changes in the intestinal flora metabolite Trimetlylamine oxide (TMAO), and non-targeted liposome detection. Adverse events will be recorded throughout the experiment, and the data will be analyzed by researchers who did not know about the assignment. Discussion: This study provides compelling evidence for at-home use of Baduanjin exercise to relieve SAP-associated symptoms. Trial registration: This study was approved by the ethics committee of Guang'anmen Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (2022-121-KY). The trial has been registered in Chinese Clinical Trial Registration Center (ChiCTR2200062450).


Assuntos
Angina Estável , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Idoso , Humanos , Angina Estável/tratamento farmacológico , Método Simples-Cego , Nitroglicerina/uso terapêutico , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19746, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36396695

RESUMO

Shallow soil refers to the soil layer within the 50 cm depth. Shallow soil temperature (ST) directly or indirectly affects many processes in the soil, such as seed germination, plant growth, and water evaporation. Therefore, the study of shallow ST is of great significance in understanding the surface energy, water cycle, ecology and climate change. This work collected observational data from 141 meteorological stations on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau from 1981 to 2020 and ERA5 reanalysis data, used the "Moving Surface Spline Interpolation Algorithm Based on Green's Function" and "Fuzzy C-means algorithm", and analyzed the temporal and spatial change characteristics of ST at different levels. The results showed that 1) the temperature increase of 0-20 cm (the surface layer of the shallow soil) was roughly the same. The average annual ST was 9.15-9.57°, and the interdecadal variabilities were 0.49-0.53 K/10a. The average annual ST of 40 cm (the bottom layer) was 8.69°, and the interdecadal variability reached 0.98 K/10a. 2) Considering the 7 regions, the warming trend was obvious, and there were certain regional differences. The average annual ST in different regions ranged from 5.2 (northeastern Plateau) to 17.1 °C (western Sichuan Plateau), with a difference of nearly 12 K. The standard deviation ranged from 0.40 (western Sichuan Plateau) to 0.61 K (Qiangtang Plateau), with a difference of 0.21 K. 3) The errors of the obtained grid data were basically less than 3%, which were much smaller than the errors obtained from the ERA5 reanalysis data. This work is significant for understanding the characteristics of ST evolution and land‒atmosphere interactions on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and provides important data support for improving the underlying surface boundary conditions of models.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Solo , Temperatura , Tibet , Ciclo Hidrológico
6.
Nutrients ; 14(21)2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36364831

RESUMO

Previous observational studies have suggested that the effect of diet-derived circulating micronutrient concentrations on lung cancer (LC) risk is controversial. We conducted a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis to investigate the causal relationship between circulating micronutrient concentrations and the overall risk of LC and three LC subtypes (namely lung adenocarcinoma (LA), squamous cell lung cancer (SqCLC), and small cell lung cancer (SCLC)). The instrumental variables (IVs) of 11 micronutrients (beta-carotene, calcium, copper, folate, lycopene, magnesium, phosphorus, retinol, selenium, zinc, and vitamin B6) were screened from the published genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Summary statistics related to LC and its subtypes came from the largest meta-analysis, including 29,266 cases and 56,450 controls. Inverse-variance weighted (IVW) method is used as the main MR analysis, and the sensitivity analysis is carried out to ensure the MR assumptions. This MR study found suggestive evidence that genetically predicted 6 circulating micronutrient concentrations was correlated with the risk of overall LC (odds ratio (OR): 1.394, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.041-1.868, p = 0.026, phosphorus), LA (OR: 0.794, 95% CI: 0.634-0.995, p = 0.045, beta-carotene; OR: 0.687, 95%CI: 0.494-0.957, p = 0.026, calcium), SqCLC (OR: 0.354, 95% CI: 0.145-0.865, p = 0.023, retinol), and SCLC (OR: 1.267, 95% CI: 1.040-1.543, p = 0.019, copper; OR: 0.801, 95% CI: 0.679-0.944, p = 0.008, zinc). We found no evidence that other micronutrients are associated with the risk of overall LC or its subtypes. Our study suggested that the increase in circulating beta-carotene, calcium, retinol, and zinc concentration may reduce the risk of LC; the increase in circulating copper and phosphorus concentration may be related to the increased risk of LC. In the future, larger replication samples of LC genetic data and larger micronutrient-related GWAS will be needed to verify our findings.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , beta Caroteno , Micronutrientes , Vitamina A , Cálcio , Cobre , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Zinco , Fósforo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
7.
J Chem Phys ; 157(18): 184501, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379776

RESUMO

We investigated the stretched dynamics of the structural relaxation in molecular glass formers by using dielectric and thermal (or enthalpic) relaxations. The dielectric stretching exponents ßdie are determined by the Havriliak-Negami function, while the enthalpic ßTNMH is quantified by using the Tool-Narayanaswamy-Moynihan-Hodge formalism. We found ßTNMH is anticorrelated with the degree of freedom, a molecule addressed by the concept of beads. Referring to the reported relation of ßdie to the dipole moment µ, we proposed a combined parameter of µ2*beads, which can rationalize the difference in stretching exponents obtained by dielectric and enthalpic relaxations. For the majority of glass-forming molecules, the difference is trivial, but for those molecules with both unusually high dipole moments and flexibility, a large difference is obvious. The interplay of the degree of freedom and dielectric dipole-dipole interaction in molecular dynamics is addressed.

8.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36369612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effects and its possible mechanism of Wuzi Yanzong Pill (WYP) on Parkinson's disease (PD) model mice. METHODS: Thirty-six C57BL/6 male mice were randomly assigned to 3 groups including normal, PD, and PD+WYP groups, 12 mice in each group. One week of intraperitoneal injection of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) was used to establish the classical PD model in mice. Meanwhile, mice in the PD+WYP group were administrated with 16 g/kg WYP, twice daily by gavage. After 14 days of administration, gait test, open field test and pole test were measured to evaluate the movement function. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) neurons in substantia nigra of midbrain and binding immunoglobulin heavy chain protein (GRP78) in striatum and cortex were observed by immunohistochemistry. The levels of TH, GRP78, p-PERK, p-eIF2α, ATF4, p-IRE1α, XBP1, ATF6, CHOP, ASK1, p-JNK, Caspase-12, -9 and -3 in brain were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Compared with the PD group, WYP treatment ameliorated gait balance ability in PD mice (P<0.05). Similarly, WYP increased the total distance and average speed (P<0.05 or P<0.01), reduced rest time and pole time (P<0.05). Moreover, WYP significantly increased TH positive cells (P<0.01). Immunofluorescence showed WYP attenuated the levels of GRP78 in striatum and cortex. Meanwhile, WYP treatment significantly decreased the protein expressions of GRP78, p-PERK, p-eIF2α, ATF4, p-IRE1 α, XBP1, CHOP, Caspase-12 and Caspase-9 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: WYP ameliorated motor symptoms and pathological lesion of PD mice, which may be related to the regulation of unfolded protein response-mediated signaling pathway and inhibiting the endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated neuronal apoptosis pathway.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(46): e31243, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401402

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: As one of the chronic neurological degenerative diseases with the highest incidence of amnesia and dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD) carried out the clinical treatment based on the 2 traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) of Chinese herbal compound and acupuncture (AP). With the vigorous development of TCM, doctors are facing the problem of choosing TCM or western medicine in clinical work. Hence there is an urge to make pairwise comparisons among these interventions to provide evidence for clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: The used efficacy of the 2 TCM methods and combined with donepeziline were compared to compile the best treatment through network meta-analysis. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with AD were included in the randomized clinical trial, who were treated with tonifying kidney decoction (TKD) or AP combined with donepezil hydrochloride (DH) as an intervention measure, while the control group was treated with DH. The total effective rate was the primary outcome, and mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score and activities of daily living (ADCS-ADL) scores were the secondary indicators. RESULTS: Eventually 30 studies reporting 2236 patients underwent TKD or AP combined with DH were enrolled. In terms of total efficiency, compared with TKD and DH, TKD + DH was significantly preferable. In addition, TKD were classified into 2 categories, namely tonifying kidney with reducing phlegm formulas (TKRP) and tonifying kidney with filling lean marrow (TKFLM). Regarding to MMSE score of TKD, of the 3 interventions, only TKRP + DH (standard mean difference [SMD] = 4.84, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.86-8.82) and TKFLM + DH (SMD = 3.93, 95% CI: 1.06-6.80) had significant efficacy over TKFLM (SMD = 4.25, 95%CI: -2.58 to 11.08). Although no difference between TKRP and other groups, its effectiveness was higher than TKFLM + DH and TKFLM (surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) = 61.5%). For the ADL score, compared with TKFLM + DH and DH, TKRP + DH had more effective (SUCRA = 70.2%). Regarding to the total effective rates, AP + DH was more statistically better than AP, and AP was statistically better than DH. CONCLUSION: TKD or AP in combination with DH are significantly superior in treating AD.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Doença de Alzheimer , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Metanálise em Rede , Atividades Cotidianas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Donepezila/uso terapêutico , Rim , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(46): e31857, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401492

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the efficacy and feasibility of using a modified Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score of 13 or 15 as the criterion for switching chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with respiratory failure to sequential invasive-noninvasive ventilation. METHODS: COPD patients with respiratory failure who had undergone endotracheal intubation and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) between June 2017 and June 2020 at 4 different hospitals in China were included. A total of 296 patients were randomly divided into 2 groups. In group A, the patients were extubated and immediately placed on noninvasive ventilation (NIV) when the modified GCS score reached 13. In group B, the same was done when the modified GCS score reached 15. RESULTS: No significant differences in the mean blood pressure, oxygenation index, arterial partial pressure of oxygen, and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide were seen between groups A and B before extubation and 3 hours after NIV. The re-intubation times were also similar in the 2 groups. Compared to group B, the length of hospital stay, incidence of ventilator associated pneumonia, and time of invasive ventilation were all significantly lower in group A (P = .041, .001, <.001). CONCLUSION: Using a modified GCS score of 13 as the criterion for switching from IMV to NIV can significantly reduce the duration of IMV, length of hospital stay, and incidence of ventilator associated pneumonia in COPD patients with respiratory failure.


Assuntos
Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Insuficiência Respiratória , Humanos , Respiração Artificial/efeitos adversos , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Insuficiência Respiratória/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia
11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 156: 113954, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411638

RESUMO

Vascular aging, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, contributes to morbidity and mortality in older people. Mitochondria play an important role in vascular aging. In endothelial and smooth muscle cells, multiple changes in the mitochondrial structure and function contribute to aging, including the effects of mitochondrial oxidative stress, mitochondrial DNA mutations, mitochondrial dynamics, and mitophagy. Mitochondrial dysfunction also contributes to other age-related molecular and cellular mechanisms, such as crosstalk with telomeres, senescence-associated secretory phenotypes, and low-grade inflammation. Thus, enhancing mitochondrial biogenesis, reducing oxidative stress, recovering dynamics, and mitophagy have been suggested as effective interventions to delay vascular aging and age-related cardiovascular diseases. Furthermore, accumulating evidence has shown that commonly used herbs and their natural compounds have great potential to improve mitochondrial function during vascular aging. Herein, we review the cellular and molecular mechanisms of mitochondrial effects on vascular aging, emphasizing the efficacy of natural compounds in the treatment of vascular aging by improving mitochondrial structure and function. We aim to provide new insights into delaying vascular aging and preventing cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitofagia , Dinâmica Mitocondrial
13.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(22)2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36428432

RESUMO

As natural bioactive components, plant-derived polysaccharides have many biological functions, such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticoccidial, and immunity regulation, and have been widely used in poultry production. In this review paper, firstly, the sources and structures of plant-derived polysaccharides are reviewed; secondly, the effects of plant-derived polysaccharides on the intestinal microbiome, permeability, morphology and immune function of poultry are summarized; thirdly, the potential molecular regulation mechanism of plant-derived polysaccharides on the intestinal barrier function of poultry was preliminarily analyzed. The review paper will bring a basis for the scientific utilization of plant-derived polysaccharides in the poultry industry.

14.
Gels ; 8(10)2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36286101

RESUMO

In order to broaden the application of clean fracturing fluid in ultra-high temperature reservoirs, a surfactant gel for high-temperature-resistant clean fracturing fluid was developed with a gemini cationic surfactant as the main agent in this work. As the fracturing fluid, the rheological property, temperature resistance, gel-breaking property, filtration property, shear recovery performance and core damage property of surfactant gel were systematically studied and evaluated. Results showed the viscosity of the system remained at 25.2 mPa·s for 60 min under a shear rate of 170 s-1 at 200 °C. The observed core permeability damage rate was only 6.23%, indicating low formation damage after fracturing. Due to micelle self-assembly properties in surfactant gel, the fluid has remarkable shear self-repairability. The filtration and core damage experimental results meet the national industry standard for fracturing fluids. The gel system had simple formulation and excellent properties, which was expected to enrich the application of clean fracturing fluid in ultra-high temperature reservoirs.

15.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(20)2022 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36296831

RESUMO

Upconversion materials capable of converting low-energy excitation photons into high-energy emission photons have attracted considerable interest in recent years. However, the low upconversion luminescence seriously hinders the application of upconversion phosphors. Heavy lanthanide doping without concentration quenching represents a direct and effective method to enhance the emission intensity. In this study, Er3+ heavy doped Gd2(MoO4)3 phosphor with a monoclinic phase was prepared by a sol-gel process. Under excitation at 976 nm, Gd2(MoO4)3:Er3+ phosphor emitted remarkably intense green emission, and Er3+ concentration up to 20 mol% did not cause concentration quenching. Here, we discuss the upconversion mechanism and concentration quenching. When the Er3+ concentration was in the range of 30-60 mol%, the concentration quenching was governed by the electric dipole-dipole interaction, and when the concentration was greater than 60 mol%, the concentration quenching was controlled by the exchange interactions. The result provides a schematic basis for identifying a phosphor host with heavy lanthanide doping.

16.
Chemosphere ; 309(Pt 2): 136741, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209865

RESUMO

Excellent performances of various materials often depend on high specific surface areas. Therefore, increase of specific surface areas is one of the most important means to improve the properties and performances of materials. Herein, we report a facile strategy to prepare novel composite materials of zeolites and hydrotalcite-like layered double hydroxides, with high specific surface areas. The composites with a rose-like morphology were synthesized hydrothermally by adding synthetic zeolites to the raw materials used for the formation of hydrotalcite. The resultant composites were shown to contain two distinct layered double hydroxides with different Mg/Al molar ratios. Nitrogen (N2) adsorption-desorption measurements showed that the specific surface areas and the pore volumes of these composites increased by an order of magnitude in comparison with hydrotalcite. The new composites were shown to be capable of effectively removing Cr(VI), Cu(II) and methylene blue from aqueous environments and had better performances for the latter two contaminants than hydrotalcite. Moreover, this strategy potentially opens up the synthesis of new composite materials with tunable compositions and enhanced properties for environmental and other applications.

17.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 61(49): e202210652, 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36251179

RESUMO

5-Formylcytidine (f5 C) is one of the epigenetic nucleotides in tRNA. Despite the evident importance of f5 C in gene expression regulation, little is known about its exact amount and position. To capture this information, we developed a modification-specific functionalization with a semi-stabilized ylide. The chemical labelling exhibited a high selectivity towards f5 C and allowed distinction from similar 5-formyluridine. We realized a detection strategy based on the fluorescence signal of the cyclization product 4,5-pyridin-2-amine-cytidine paC, which exhibited a high quantum yield. The results clearly identified f5 C with a limit of detection at 0.58 nM. This method altered the hydrogen bonding activities of f5 C and modulated its reverse transcription signature in its sequencing profile. We showed that f5 C can be detected from tRNA segments with a single-base resolution. Taken together, this approach is a sensitive, antibody-free, and applicable detection and sequencing method for f5 C-containing RNA.


Assuntos
Citidina , RNA , RNA/metabolismo , RNA de Transferência
18.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(10)2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36290707

RESUMO

Artemisia ordosica has been applied as a traditional Chinese/Mongolian medicine for the treatment of certain inflammatory ailments. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Artemisia ordosica total flavonoids (ATF) supplemented in diets on growth performance, oxidative stress, and antioxidant status in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged broilers. A total of 240 one-day-old Arbor Acre broilers were randomly allotted into 5 groups with 6 replicates (n = 8), which were the basal diet group (CON), LPS-challenged and basal diet group (LPS), and the LPS-challenged and basal diet added with low (500 mg/kg), middle (750 mg/kg), and high (1000 mg/kg) doses of ATF groups (ATF-L, ATF-M, and ATF-H), respectively. On day 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, and 28, broilers were injected intra-abdominally either with LPS or an equivalent amount of saline. Results showed that dietary ATF alleviated the LPS-induced decrease in BW, ADG, and ADFI in broilers. Dietary ATF supplementation reversed the increased serum oxidative damage indexes (reactive oxygen species, protein carbonyl, and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine) and the decreased serum antioxidant indexes [total superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC)] in LPS-challenged broilers. Moreover, ATF alleviated the decreased antioxidase activity and the over-production of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the liver and spleen induced by LPS. This study also showed that ATF alleviated the increased mRNA expression of Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) and the decreased mRNA expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), CAT, SOD, and GPx in the liver and spleen of broilers challenged with LPS. In conclusion, ATF has a strong capacity to enhance antioxidant enzyme activity and relieve oxidative stress and can be used as a potential novel feed additive in poultry diets to improve growth performance and antioxidant capacity.

19.
Andrologia ; 54(11): e14619, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36285609

RESUMO

Herein, we introduced a novel individual sperm freezing device named SpermCD, which consists of a right angular cryopiece (RA-Cryopiece, or "C") and a grooved petri dish ("D"). SpermCD allows embryologists to transfer sperm and perform ICSI on the same focal plane. Thirty-five patients underwent single sperm cryopreservation using SpermCD, including four patients with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA), 14 patients with virtual azoospermia and 17 patients with cryptozoospermia. One hundred and twenty-five cryopreserved spermatozoa from nine patients were thawed on the day of the oocyte retrieval and 121 spermatozoa were found, with a sperm recovery rate of 97.1 ± 4.6%. Sixty-five MII oocytes from their spouse were injected with thawed sperm. Normal fertilization and high-quality embryo rates were 68.0% ± 33.2% and 24.4% ± 22.2%. Nineteen transplantable embryos were formed after fertilization with frozen sperm, eight of which were transplanted in five couples, resulting in four successful deliveries. SpermCD is a simple and practical individual sperm freezing device.


Assuntos
Azoospermia , Humanos , Masculino , Azoospermia/terapia , Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas/métodos , Congelamento , Transferência Embrionária , Espermatozoides , Criopreservação/métodos , Testículo
20.
Food Chem X ; 15: 100412, 2022 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36211744

RESUMO

We studied the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on the amount of nutrients, flavour substances, and healthcare fatty acids, the physicochemical properties, and the potential molecular mechanisms in the muscles of sub-adult grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Fish were fed graded levels of CLA (0.0, 3.1, 6.4, 9.6, 12.7, and 15.9 g/kg diets) for 60 days. Protein, glutamic acid, alanine, inosine monophosphate (IMP), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3), and total CLA contents (p < 0.05) increased in CLA 3.1 âˆ¼ 12.7, 6.4 âˆ¼ 9.6, 6.4 âˆ¼ 9.6, 6.4 âˆ¼ 15.9, 3.1 âˆ¼ 9.6, 3.1 âˆ¼ 9.6, and 3.1 âˆ¼ 15.9 g/kg diet, respectively (p < 0.05). In addition, optimal CLA significantly increased pH24, shear force, collagen content, and myofibre density in the muscle (P < 0.05); however, it decreased myofibre diameter (p < 0.05). We concluded that 6-9 g/kg CLA in the diet could improve the flesh quality of sub-adult grass carp.

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