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1.
J Exp Med ; 218(2)2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107914

RESUMO

NF-κB2/p100 (p100) is an inhibitor of κB (IκB) protein that is partially degraded to produce the NF-κB2/p52 (p52) transcription factor. Heterozygous NFKB2 mutations cause a human syndrome of immunodeficiency and autoimmunity, but whether autoimmunity arises from insufficiency of p52 or IκB function of mutated p100 is unclear. Here, we studied mice bearing mutations in the p100 degron, a domain that harbors most of the clinically recognized mutations and is required for signal-dependent p100 degradation. Distinct mutations caused graded increases in p100-degradation resistance. Severe p100-degradation resistance, due to inheritance of one highly degradation-resistant allele or two subclinical alleles, caused thymic medullary hypoplasia and autoimmune disease, whereas the absence of p100 and p52 did not. We inferred a similar mechanism occurs in humans, as the T cell receptor repertoires of affected humans and mice contained a hydrophobic signature of increased self-reactivity. Autoimmunity in autosomal dominant NFKB2 syndrome arises largely from defects in nonhematopoietic cells caused by the IκB function of degradation-resistant p100.

2.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 4(11): 1063-1075, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159193

RESUMO

The systemic biodistribution of endogenous extracellular vesicles is central to the maintenance of tissue homeostasis. Here, we show that angiogenesis and heart function in infarcted heart tissue can be ameliorated by the local accumulation of exosomes collected from circulation using magnetic nanoparticles. The nanoparticles consist of a Fe3O4 core and a silica shell that is decorated with poly (ethylene glycol) conjugated through hydrazone bonds to two types of antibody, which bind either to CD63 antigens on the surface of extracellular vesicles or to myosin-light-chain surface markers on injured cardiomyocytes. On application of a local magnetic field, accumulation of the nanoparticles and cleavage of the hydrazone bonds under the acidic pH of injured cardiac tissue lead to the local release of the captured exosomes. In rabbit and rat models of myocardial infarction, the magnetic-guided accumulation of captured CD63-expressing exosomes in infarcted tissue led to reductions in infarct size as well as improved left-ventricle ejection fraction and angiogenesis. The approach could be used to manipulate endogenous exosome biodistribution for the treatment of other diseases.

3.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 277, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of sepsis is very important. It is necessary to find effective and adequate biomarkers in order to diagnose sepsis. In this study, we compared the value of sialic acid and procalcitonin for diagnosing sepsis. METHODS: Newly admitted intensive care unit patients were enrolled from January 2019 to June 2019. We retrospectively collected patient data, including presence of sepsis or not, procalcitonin level and sialic acid level. Receiver operating characteristic curves for the ability of sialic acid, procalcitonin and combination of sialic acid and procalcitonin to diagnose sepsis were carried out. RESULTS: A total of 644 patients were admitted to our department from January 2019 to June 2019. The incomplete data were found in 147 patients. Finally, 497 patients data were analyzed. The sensitivity, specificity and area under the curve for the diagnosis of sepsis with sialic acid, procalcitonin and combination of sialic acid and procalcitonin were 64.2, 78.3%, 0.763; 67.9, 84.0%, 0.816 and 75.2, 84.6%, 0.854. Moreover, sialic acid had good values for diagnosing septic patients with viral infection, with 87.5% sensitivity, 82.2% specificity, and 0.882 the area under the curve. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to procalcitonin, sialic acid had a lower diagnostic efficacy for diagnosing sepsis in critically ill patients. However, the combination of sialic acid and procalcitonin had a higher diagnostic efficacy for sepsis. Moreover, sialic acid had good value for diagnosing virus-induced sepsis.

4.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155131

RESUMO

As mercury ions (Hg2+) are emanated to surroundings in the course of various natural events and human activities, an accurate sensing of Hg2+ is essential for human health and environmental protection. Herein, a new aggregation-induced chemiluminescence (CL) sensor for fast, sensitive, and selective detection of Hg2+ is developed, based on the CL enhancement of bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)oxalate (TCPO)-H2O2 system by thiolate-protected gold complexes (Au(I)-thiolate complexes) in the aggregated state. Because Hg2+ has a strong interaction with hydrosulfuryl (-SH) groups in Au(I)-thiolate complexes, the aggregation is disrupted and the CL is quenched. The decrease of CL intensity is proportional to Hg2+ contents with a linear range of 0.005-10 µg mL-1 and the limit of detection (LOD) is 3 ng mL-1. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first AIE CL sensor for Hg2+ detection. The study opens up attractive perspectives for developing simple and rapid aggregation-induced CL methods in monitoring heavy metals.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(21)2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142808

RESUMO

Polyethylene glycol (PEG) coating of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) improves AuNP distribution via blood circulation. The use of PEG-coated AuNPs was shown to result in acute injuries to the liver, kidney, and spleen, but long-term toxicity has not been well studied. In this study, we investigated reporter induction for up to 90 days in NF-κB transgenic reporter mice following intravenous injection of PEG-coated AuNPs. The results of different doses (1 and 4 µg AuNPs per gram of body weight), particle sizes (13 nm and 30 nm), and PEG surfaces (methoxyl- or carboxymethyl-PEG 5 kDa) were compared. The data showed up to 7-fold NF-κB reporter induction in mouse liver from 3 h to 7 d post PEG-AuNP injection compared to saline-injected control mice, and gradual reduction to a level similar to control by 90 days. Agglomerates of PEG-AuNPs were detected in liver Kupffer cells, but neither gross pathological abnormality in liver sections nor increased activity of liver enzymes were found at 90 days. Injection of PEG-AuNPs led to an increase in collagen in liver sections and elevated total serum cholesterol, although still within the normal range, suggesting that inflammation resulted in mild fibrosis and affected hepatic function. Administrating PEG-AuNPs inevitably results in nanoparticles entrapped in the liver; thus, further investigation is required to fully assess the long-term impacts by PEG-AuNPs on liver health.

7.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190199

RESUMO

Lonicera japonica is used in Chinese herbal medicines with a wide spectrum of pharmacological properties associated with chlorogenic acid, flavonoid and iridoid. The biosynthesis of these compounds could be affected by genetic inheritance and epigenetic modification. However, the mechanisms that regulate the expression of genes involved in the biosynthesis of these compounds are rarely known. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the biosynthesis gene expression of these compounds was related to histone H3K4 and H3K9 methylation levels. These active compounds content of L. japonica were measured by UPLC-MS/MS. H3K4me3 showed a positive correlation with chlorogenic acid and loganic acid content, and H3K9me positively correlated with luteolin content. The correlation between histone methylation levels and the levels of luteolin and loganic acid in L. japonica from different producing areas validate the regulatory role of histone methylation in biosynthesis of bioactive compounds. Our study demonstrated a potential regulatory network of H3K9/H3K4 methylation to gene expression and content of secondary metabolites, and provided a basis for understanding the mechanism underlying the variation of major bioactive compounds in L. japonica.

8.
Food Funct ; 11(11): 9585-9598, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151233

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to assess the potential anti-obesity effects of black garlic melanoidins (MLDs) and gut microbiota changes in an animal model, hypothesizing that the effects of oral administration of MLDs can be partially mediated by the modulation of intestinal microbiota via inhibiting the formation of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and promoting the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). The effects of MLDs in C57BL/6J mice with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity were investigated for 12 weeks with low (50 mg kg-1 day-1), medium (100 mg kg-1 day-1) and high (200 mg kg-1 day-1) doses. The results indicated that oral administration of MLDs markedly reduced high fat diet-induced weight gain and white adipose tissue weights and reversed glucose tolerance, especially at high doses. Besides, MLDs could alleviate dyslipidaemia, significantly suppress hepatic lipid accumulation and steatosis and effectively ameliorate lipid metabolism. The plasma LPS reduced significantly and the SCFAs increased in a dose-dependent manner. The MLDs could down-regulate the expression of fatty acid synthase (FAS) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and up-regulate the expression of adipose triacylglyceride lipase (ATGL) and hormone sensitive lipase (HSL) in adipose tissues and livers at mRNA levels. Moreover, after the oral administration of MLDs, the intestinal microbial environment improved in the sense that bacterial diversity and richness increased. Intervention with MLDs modified the gut microbiota in mice with HFD-induced obesity, increasing the number of SCFA-producing bacteria (Bacteroidaceae) and reducing opportunistic pathogens (Enterobacteriaceae and Desulfovibrionaceae). An increased abundance of other probiotics including Lactobacillaceae and Akkermansiaceae was also observed. In conclusion, MLDs could improve glucose tolerance, induce the production of SCFAs and inhibit the production of endotoxin LPS, most likely mediated by modulating the gut microbiota. Therefore, it seems that MLDs exhibit anti-obesity effects and might be used as potential agents against obesity.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33196892

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The study aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological and molecular profiles associated with programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in non-small cell lung cell (NSCLC) in a large-scale, multi-center, real-world Chinese cohort. METHODS: A total of 6295 NSCLC specimens from six centers in China were analyzed by PD-L1 (22C3) assay. PD-L1 expression in tumor cells (TCs) was classified as negative (TPS expression in < 1% of TCs), low (TPS in 1-49% of TCs), or high (TPS in ≥ 50% of TCs). The status of EGFR mutation was determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction or next-generation sequencing, and ALK and ROS1 translocation was analyzed by immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Associations of PD-L1 expression with clinicopathological features and driver mutations were analyzed. RESULTS: Positive PD-L1 expression was more frequently seen in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and other histological types of NSCLC compared to adenocarcinoma (AC). In AC, PD-L1 expression was associated with gender, histological type, metastatic status, and pathological features of lymphovascular invasion and visceral pleural invasion. Solid and micropapillary subtypes of AC were more likely to have positive PD-L1 expression compared to other subtypes. PD-L1 was more highly expressed in biopsy samples than in resected samples, and in metastatic samples compared with primary tissues. PD-L1 expression was significantly associated with wild-type EGFR and ALK translocations. CONCLUSIONS: PD-L1 expression in NSCLC is linked to histological type, pathological features, and driver mutation status, which has meaningful implications for clinical practice.

10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16307, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004915

RESUMO

Studies on the risk factors for intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) in a population-based cohort are lacking. We assess the prevalence and risk factors of ICP in a Chinese population. In this study, a cohort study was conducted that included 12,200 eligible pregnant women. The overall incidence of ICP in this cohort was 6.06%. With increasing maternal age, the incidence of ICP decreased in women younger than 30 years of age but increased in those older than 30. With increasing pre-pregnancy BMI, the incidence of ICP decreased if the pre-pregnancy BMI was less than 23 kg/m2 but increased if it was 23 kg/m2 or higher. Further analysis showed that the risk of ICP increased when maternal age was < 25 years (Adjusted RR 2.01; 95% CI 1.64-2.47) or ≥ 35 years (Adjusted RR 1.34; 95% CI 1.02-1.76). Furthermore, an increased risk of ICP was associated with pre-pregnancy underweight (adjusted RR 1.27; 95% CI 1.04-1.56), inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG) (adjusted RR 1.58; 95% CI 1.28-1.96), lower maternal education (adjusted RR 2.96; 95% CI 2.35-3.74), multiparity (adjusted RR 1.54; 95% CI 1.23-1.93), and twin/multiple pregnancies (adjusted RR 2.12; 95% CI 1.25-3.58). Maternal age (< 25 or ≥ 35 years), underweight, inadequate GWG, lower maternal education, multiparity, and twin/multiple pregnancies were identified as risk factors of ICP.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124200, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092873

RESUMO

Vanadium(V) is an important component of industrial activities, while it may pose toxic hazards to plants, animals, and humans at high levels. Owing to its various uses in numerous industrial processes, high amount of V is released into the soil environment. Previous literature has focused on the biogeochemistry and ecotoxicity of V in soil-plant system. Consequently, this overview presents its source, fate, phyto-uptake, phyto-toxicity, detoxification, and bioremediation based on available data, especially published from 2015 to 2020. Vanadium occurs as various chemical forms (primarily as V(V) and V(IV)) in the soil environment, and its biogeochemical behaviour is easily influenced by soil conditions including redox potential, soil pH, organic matter, and microorganisms. Vanadium mainly accumulates in plant roots with very limited translocation to shoots. However, plants such as dog's tail grass and green bean are reported to accumulate high levels of V in aboveground tissues. An insight into the processes and mechanisms that allow plants to absorb and translocate V in soil-plant system is also stressed in this overview. In plants, low levels of V have beneficial effects on plant growth and development. Nevertheless, excessive V provokes numerous deleterious effects including reducing seed germination, inhibiting root and shoot growth, depressing photosynthesis, interfering with nutrients uptake, inducing overgeneration of ROS, and leading to lipid peroxidation. Mechanisms related to detoxification strategies like sequestration in root system, compartmentation in vacuoles and cell wall, and antioxidant defence systems to endure V-induced toxicity in plants are discussed as well. The detailed knowledge of bioremediation involved in the cleanup of V-contaminated soils would immensely help understand and improve the remediation process. Furthermore, this overview outlines several research gaps requiring further investigation in order to advance our understanding of the biogeochemical roles of V in soil-plant systems.

12.
Cell Death Discov ; 6: 99, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083020

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (LncRNAs) have been reported to play critical roles in gastric cancer, but true biomarkers remain unknown. In this study, we found a new lncRNA LINC00355 that was involved in malignant progression of gastric cancer (GC) and further revealed its role and mechanism. Differentially expressed lncRNAs were identified through bioinformatics, and qRT-PCR was used to validate the expression of LINC00355 in gastric cancer tissues and cells. The biological role of LINC00355 in GC was detected by gene overexpression and knockdown experiments. Subcellular fractionation, qRT-PCR, and FISH were performed to detect the subcellular localization. Co-IP and western blotting were used to study the ubiquitination-mediated regulation of P53 and the expression of the E3 ligases RAD18 and UBE3C. The results showed that LINC00355 was significantly increased in gastric cancer cell lines and patient tissues and closely correlated with late stages, distant metastasis, and poor prognosis of patients. High expression of LINC00355 promoted the proliferation and invasion of gastric cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistic studies found that LINC00355 that mainly located in the nucleus, acting as a transcriptional activator, promoted transcription of RAD18 and UBE3C, which both bind to P53 and mediate the ubiquitination and degradation of P53. Furthermore, LINC00355 overexpression enhanced the ubiquitination process, and LINC00355 knockdown alleviated it. These results indicated that LINC00355 induces gastric cancer cell proliferation and invasion by promoting transcription of RAD18 and UBE3C, which mediates ubiquitination of P53 and thereby plays a critical role in survival and tumorigenicity of gastric cancer cells. LINC00355 may represent a new mechanism for GC progression and provide a potential marker for GC diagnosis and treatment.

13.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(22): 2712-2720, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031136

RESUMO

The incidence and prevalence of asthma have increased remarkably in recent years. There are lots of factors contributing to the occurrence and development of asthma. With the improvement of sequencing technology, it has been found that the microbiome plays an important role in the formation of asthma in early life. The roles of the microbial environment and human microbiome in the occurrence and development of asthma have attracted more and more attention. The environmental microbiome influences the occurrence of asthma by shaping the human microbiome. The specific mechanism may be related to the immune regulation of Toll-like receptors and T cells (special Tregs). Intestinal microbiome is formed and changed by regulating diet and lifestyle in early life, which may affect the development and maturation of the pulmonary immune system through the intestinal-pulmonary axis. It is well-recognized that both environmental microbiomes and human microbiomes can influence the onset of asthma. This review aims to summarize the recent advances in the research of microbiome, its relationship with asthma, and the possible mechanism of the microbiome in the occurrence and development of asthma. The research of the microbial environment and human microbiome may provide a new target for the prevention of asthma in children who have high-risk factors to allergy. However, further study of "when and how" to regulate microbiome is still needed.

14.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(10): 1027-33, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To establish and promote the non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment mode based on mobile internet for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) with moxibustion therapy, and to observe the feasibility and effectiveness of the model in the pandemic. METHODS: A total of 43 first-line medical staff and 149 suspected and confirmed cases with COVID-19 [18 cases in medical observation period, 17 cases of mild type (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung), 24 cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung) and 90 cases in recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung)] were included. A non-contact doctor-patient interactive diagnosis and treatment platform was established for the treatment of COVID-19 with indirect moxibustion plaster based on mobile internet. By the platform, the patients were instructed to use indirect moxibustion plaster in treatment. For the first-line medical staff and patients in the medical observation period, Zusanli (ST 36), Qihai (CV 6) and Zhongwan (CV 12) were selected. For the mild cases (cold dampness and stagnation in the lung) and the cases of ordinary type (cold-dampness accumulated in the lung), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Guanyuan (CV 4) were selected. In the recovery period (qi deficiency of spleen and lung), Dazhui (GV 14), Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Zusanli (ST 36) and Kongzui (LU 6) were used. The treatment was given once daily for 40 min each time. The intervention lasted for 10 days. After intervention, the infection rate and the improvement in the symptoms and psychological status of COVID-19 were observed in clinical first-line medical staff and COVID-19 patients. RESULTS: In 10 days of intervention with indirect moxibustion plaster, there was "zero" infection among medical staff. Of 43 first-line physicians and nurses, 33 cases had some physical symptoms and psychological discomforts, mainly as low back pain, poor sleep and anxiety. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 78.8% (26/33) and the curative rate was 36.4% (12/33). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 58.3% (14/24) and the curative rate was 37.5 (9/24). Of 149 patients, 133 cases had the symptoms and psychological discomforts. After treatment, regarding the improvements in the symptoms and psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 81.2% (108/133) and the curative rate was 34.6% (46/133). Regarding the improvements in psychological discomforts, the effective rate was 76.5% (52/68) and the curative rate was 57.4 % (39/68). CONCLUSION: It is feasible to apply the indirect moxibustion plaster technique based on mobile internet to the treatment COVID-19. This mode not only relieves the symptoms such as cough and fatigue, improves psychological state, but also possibly prevents the first-line medical staff from COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Moxibustão , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Consulta Remota , Pontos de Acupuntura , Betacoronavirus , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos
15.
Endocr Connect ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112821

RESUMO

Human (h) growth hormone (GH) production studies are largely limited to effects on secretion. How pituitary hGH gene (hGH-N/GH1) expression is regulated is important in our understanding of the role hGH plays in physiology and disease. Here we assess for the first time the effect of sleep deprivation (SD) and high-fat diet (HFD) on hGH-N expression in vivo using partially humanized 171hGH/CS transgenic (TG) mice, and attempted to elucidate a role for DNA methylation. Activation of hGH-N expression requires interactions between promoter and upstream locus control region (LCR) sequences including pituitary-specific hypersensitive site (HS) I/II. Both SD and diet affect hGH secretion, but the effect of SD on hGH-N expression is unknown. Mice fed a HFD or regular chow diet for three days underwent SD (or no SD) for 6 hours at zeitgeber time (ZT) 3. Serum and pituitaries were assessed over 24 hours at 6-hour intervals beginning at ZT 14. SD and HFD caused significant changes in serum corticosterone and insulin, as well as hGH and circadian clock-related gene RNA levels. No clear association between DNA methylation and the negative effects of SD or diet on hGH RNA levels was observed. However, a correlation with increased methylation at a CpG (cytosine paired with a guanine) in a putative E-box within the hGH LCR HS II was suggested in situ. Methylation at this site also increased BMAL1/CLOCK-related nuclear protein binding in vitro. These observations support an effect of SD on hGH synthesis at the level of gene expression.

16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 9809347, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908931

RESUMO

We explored the difference in expression of tubulin alpha 1b (TUBA1B) between Wilms' tumor (WT) and normal tissues (NT) from in-house patients and databases, to determine TUBA1B expression in WT and the predictive pathways of coexpressed genes. In-house RNA-sequencing data were performed with WT and NT from three patients from our institute. Other four RNA-sequencing and microarray data were also downloaded from multiple public databases. The TUBA1B expression between WT and NT was analyzed by Student's t-test and meta-analysis. The correlation between the expression of TUBA1B and other genes in each study was analyzed. Genes with p < 0.05 and r > 0.5 were considered as the coexpressing genes of TUBA1B. Overlapping the coexpressed genes of the five studies, including three in-house patients (3 WT vs. 3 NT), GTEx-TARGET (126 WT vs. 51 NT), GSE2172 (18 WT vs. 3 NT), GSE11024 (27 WT vs. 12 NT), and GSE73209 (32 WT vs. 6 NT), were performed with limma and VennDiagram packages in R software. The website of WEB-based GEne SeT AnaLysis toolkit were used to analyze the gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) functional annotations for the overlapped genes. The results showed that the relative expression of TUBA1B in WT tissues from in-house three patients was 280.0086, 141.7589, and 303.8292 and that in NT was 16.5836, 104.8141, and 12.79 (3 WT vs. 3 NT, p = 0.0285, ROC = 100%, SMD = 2.74). Student's t-test and meta-analysis in all studies revealed that the expression of TUBA1B was upregulated in WT tissues compared to that in NT (p < 0.05, SMD = 2.89, sROC = 0.98). Finally, the research identified the expression of TUBA1B in WT tissues was significantly upregulated than that in NT. The coexpressed genes of TUBA1B were enriched in the pathway of DNA replication, mismatch repair, cell cycle, pathogenic Escherichia coli infection, and spliceosome.

17.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(19): 8275-8282, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941051

RESUMO

Metal-halide perovskites have shown excellent optoelectronic properties, among which the array-type architecture is highly desirable. However, both the susceptibility of perovskites to polar solvents and the complex 3D geometry of array structure have led to great challenges for device fabrication and performance, which hinders their further applications. Here, we report a simple but efficient approach highly compatible with the state-of-the-art microelectronics processes to construct single-crystalline array light-emitting diodes (LEDs) of perovskite. The well-aligned single-crystalline array was sandwiched as the emission layer, among the carefully designed multilayer ITO/NiO/CsPbBr3/PMMA/ZnO/Ag structure. Through systematically altering the size of CsPbBr3 single crystal and the thickness of insulation layer, the device performance has been optimized and eventually achieved a 99% working ratio in a 62 × 47 array. Moreover, a prototype device of LED display was also fabricated. These results clearly demonstrate that our strategy is efficient, reliable, and versatile, which can be easily extended to other perovskites.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930451

RESUMO

Active plasmonic nanostructures have garnered considerable interest in physics, chemistry, and material science due to the dynamically switchable capability of plasmonic responses. Here, the first electrically dynamic control of magnetic plasmon resonance (MPR) through structure transformation by selective deposition of lithium on a metal-insulator-metal (MIM) structure is reported. Distinct optical switching between MPR and surface plasmon polariton (SPP) excitations can be enabled by applying a proper electrical current to the electrochemical cell. Furthermore, the structure transformation through lithium metal deposition indicates the reconfigurable MPR excitation in a full cycling of the charging and discharging process. The results may shed light on electrically compatible self-powered active plasmonics as well as nondestructive optical sensing for electrochemical evolution.

19.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 240, 2020 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common endocrine malignancy; basigin (also known as BSG) plays a crucial role in tumor cell invasion, metastasis, and angiogenesis. This study was designed to identify the change of BSG expression in TC and its possible potential mechanism. METHODS: The BSG expression levels in TC were demonstrated using data collected from in-house immunohistochemical (IHC), RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq), microarrays, and literatures. Integrated analysis was performed to determined BSG expression levels in TC comprehensively. The Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were performed with the integration of BSG co-expressed genes and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in TC tissues to explore the potential mechanisms of BSG in TC. RESULTS: The protein expression level of BSG was significantly higher in TC cases based on the IHC experiments. In addition, the combined SMD for BSG expression was 0.39 (p < 0.0001), the diagnostic odds ratio was 3.69, and the AUC of the sROC curve was 0.6986 using 1182 TC cases and 437 non-cancerous cases from 17 independent datasets. Furthermore, BSG co-expressed genes tended to be enriched in gene terms of the extracellular matrix (ECM), cell adhesion, and cell-cell interactions. The expression levels of nine hub BSG co-expressed genes were markedly upregulated in TC cases. CONCLUSION: BSG expression levels were closely correlated with the progression of TC and may affect the signals of the ECM, cell adhesion, and cell-cell interactions.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914298

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the status of depression and anxiety of healthcare workers and to explore the risk factors during the outbreak of COVID-19 in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed using convenience sampling to obtain a sample of healthcare workers. A structured questionnaire was designed to collect the information of the basic characteristics, workload, and the health condition. Burnout, coping style, anxiety, and depression were measured by specific scales. Multiple logistic regression model was performed to explore the risk factors of anxiety or depression. RESULTS: There were 902 questionnaires received between February 9, 2020 and February 11, 2020. The proportion of healthcare workers with symptoms of moderate/severe anxiety and moderate/severe depression were 16.63% and 18.29%, respectively. There were 24.50% healthcare workers experiencing moderate/severe anxiety and depression at the same time. The increased workload, respiratory symptoms, digestive symptoms, having done specific test(s) related to COVID-19, having family member needs to be taken care of, negative coping style, and job burnout were the independent risk factors of anxiety. Furthermore, the increased workload, respiratory symptoms, digestive symptoms, having done specific test(s) related to COVID-19, negative coping style, and job burnout were the independent risk factors of depression. CONCLUSION: More attention should be paid to the mental health of frontline healthcare workers at the outbreak of COVID-19 in China. Taking steps to reduce the intensity of the work and burnout will be effective to stabilize the mental state of them.

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