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1.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 207: 114420, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662781

RESUMO

Retention behavior of two structural isomeric pentacyclic triterpenic acids, maslinic acid and corosolic acid, was investigated by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin (HP-ß-CD) as mobile phase additive. Inclusion complexation of maslinic acid, corosolic acid with hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin was evaluated under different concentration of hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin. Apparent formation constant (Km) between methanol and hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin was determined to be 13.82 L mol-1 under 25 °C using UV-spectrophotometry. Two retention models were employed individually for evaluation of inclusion complexation between the two pentacyclic triterpenic acids and hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin. It was found that a higher apparent formation constant (Kf) for corosolic acid and hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin was obtained, 19115 L mol-1, indicating that a greater affinity of hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin with corosolic acid was produced compared with that of maslinic acid, 11775 L mol-1, in the selected mobile phase, and stoichiometric ratio for both of inclusion complex was found to be 1:1. Thermodynamic analysis showed that a negative standard enthalpy change (ΔH) and an entropy change (ΔS*) for analyte transfer were obtained, where ΔH of maslinic acid and corosolic acid was found to be -10.188 kJ mol-1 and -10.650 kJ mol-1, ΔS* of two compounds was -2.092 and -2.180, respectively, indicating that transfer of structural isomers from mobile phase to stationary phase was enthalpically driven. Meanwhile, positive values were obtained for standard enthalpy change and standard entropy change, 136 kJ mol-1 and 274 kJ mol-1 and 536 J mol-1 K-1and 1004 J mol-1 K-1, for inclusion complexation between maslinic acid, corosolic acid and hydroxypropyl-ß-cyclodextrin, while negative values were obtained for Gibbs free energy during formation of inclusion complex, -160 kJ mol-1 and -299 kJ mol-1, indicating a spontaneous inclusion reaction happened.


Assuntos
beta-Ciclodextrinas , 2-Hidroxipropil-beta-Ciclodextrina , Cromatografia Líquida , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa , Triterpenos Pentacíclicos , Termodinâmica
2.
Bioengineered ; 12(2): 9290-9300, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806539

RESUMO

We aimed to analyze the expression of Cyclin D1 (CCND1) gene in ovarian cancer and the influence of silencing its expression on ovarian cancer cells based on the Oncomine database. The expression of CCND1 gene in ovarian cancer was analyzed by utilizing the relevant information in different tumors and Oncomine database. The correlation between CCDN1 expression level and prognosis of ovarian cancer was analyzed by the online database Kaplan-Meier (kmplot.com). The expression of CCND1 gene in ovarian cancer and the effect of silencing its expression on cancer cells were analyzed by cell experiments. After mining and comprehensively analyzing 7 studies on the differential expression of CCND1 gene in ovarian cancer tissue and normal ovarian tissue included in the Oncomine database, it was found that the median value of CCND1 gene ranked 218.0 (P = 8.03 × 10-6) among all differentially expressed genes, suggesting that CCND1 gene expression in ovarian cancer tissue was higher than that in normal ovarian tissue. Adib Ovarian, Bonome Ovarian and Hendrix Ovarian microarrays revealed that the expression of CCND1 gene in ovarian cancer tissue was significantly higher than that in normal ovarian tissue (P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier Plotter database showed that the overall survival and progression-free survival of ovarian cancer patients with high CCND1 expression were significantly shorter than those of patients with low CCND1 expression (P < 0.05). The expression levels of CCND1 gene in normal ovarian epithelial cells and SKOV3 ovarian cancer cells were detected by RT-PCR. The expression of CCND1 gene was significantly higher in SKOV3 group than that in control group (P < 0.01). Flow cytometry revealed that the percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase was significantly higher, while that in S phase was lower in SKOV3 + siCCND1 group than the values of SKOV3 and SKOV3 + siNC groups (P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate of ovarian cancer cells was significantly higher in SKOV3 + siCCND1 group than those of SKOV3 and SKOV3 + siNC groups (P < 0.01). CCND1 gene is highly expressed in ovarian cancer tissue and related to prognosis. Preoperative evaluation of CCND1 gene expression in ovarian cancer patients may benefit the assessment of risk and prognosis.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt B): 127502, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673391

RESUMO

Herein, a novel BiOBr photocatalyst with partial surface modification by graphitized C (BiOBr-Cg) was synthesized through a hydrothermal method with hydrothermal carbonation carbon (HTCC) as a slow-releasing carbon source and characterized by experimental and theoretical methods. BiOBr-Cg exhibited excellent visible-light photocatalytic performance toward various refractory pollutants, such as bisphenol A, ibuprofen, ciprofloxacin, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, and diphenhydramine. The characterization results demonstrate that a strong molecular orbital interaction occurs between graphitized C and BiOBr, resulting in the formation of a new surface valence band on graphitized C. This not only promotes the oxidation of pollutants by surface holes but also reduces the recombination of carriers during the bulk phase transfer process, thereby increasing the number of photogenerated carriers. Intriguingly, the analytical results for degradation intermediates and other characterization techniques demonstrate that the pollutants adsorbed on the graphitized C of BiOBr-Cg can be directly excited through light irradiation and react along the organic radical degradation pathway in addition to pollutant degradation by holes and HO2•/O2•-.

4.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34679488

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide the quantitative volumetric data of the total lung and lobes in inspiration and expiration from healthy adults, and to explore the value of paired inspiratory-expiratory chest CT scan in pulmonary ventilatory function and further explore the influence of each lobe on ventilation. METHODS: A total of 65 adults (29 males and 36 females) with normal clinical pulmonary function test (PFT) and paired inspiratory-expiratory chest CT scan were retrospectively enrolled. The inspiratory and expiratory volumetric indexes of the total lung (TL) and 5 lobes (left upper lobe [LUL], left lower lobe [LLL], right upper lobe [RUL], right middle lobe [RML], and right lower lobe [RLL]) were obtained by Philips IntelliSpace Portal image postprocessing workstation, including inspiratory lung volume (LVin), expiratory lung volume (LVex), volume change (∆LV), and well-aerated lung volume (WAL, lung tissue with CT threshold between -950 and -750 HU in inspiratory scan). Spearman correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation between CT quantitative indexes of the total lung and ventilatory function indexes (including total lung capacity [TLC], residual volume [RV], and force vital capacity [FVC]). Multiple stepwise regression analysis was used to explore the influence of each lobe on ventilation. RESULTS: At end-inspiratory phase, the LVin-TL was 4664.6 (4282.7, 5916.2) mL, the WALTL was 4173 (3639.6, 5250.9) mL; both showed excellent correlation with TLC (LVin-TL: r = 0.890, p < 0.001; WALTL: r = 0.879, p < 0.001). From multiple linear regression analysis with lobar CT indexes as variables, the LVin and WAL of these two lobes, LLL and RUL, showed a significant relationship with TLC. At end-expiratory phase, the LVex-TL was 2325.2 (1969.7, 2722.5) mL with good correlation with RV (r = 0.811, p < 0.001), of which the LVex of RUL and RML had a significant relationship with RV. For the volumetric change within breathing, the ∆LVTL was 2485.6 (2169.8, 3078.1) mL with good correlation with FVC (r = 0.719, p < 0.001), moreover, WALTL showed a better correlation with FVC (r = 0.817, p < 0.001) than that of ∆LVTL. Likewise, there was also a strong association between ∆LV, WAL of these two lobes (LLL and RUL), and FVC. CONCLUSIONS: The quantitative indexes derived from paired inspiratory-expiratory chest CT could reflect the clinical pulmonary ventilatory function, LLL, and RUL give greater impact on ventilation. Thus, the pulmonary functional evaluation needs to be more precise and not limited to the total lung level.

5.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 717771, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651014

RESUMO

Airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) exist in a form of helical winding bundles within the bronchial airway wall. Such tubular tissue provides cells with considerable curvature as a physical constraint, which is widely thought as an important determinant of cell behaviors. However, this process is difficult to mimic in the conventional planar cell culture system. Here, we report a method to develop chips with cell-scale tubular (concave and convex) surfaces from fused deposition modeling 3D printing to explore how ASMCs adapt to the cylindrical curvature for morphogenesis and function. Results showed that ASMCs self-organized into two distinctively different patterns of orientation on the concave and convex surfaces, eventually aligning either invariably perpendicular to the cylinder axis on the concave surface or curvature-dependently angled on the convex surface. Such oriented alignments of the ASMCs were maintained even when the cells were in dynamic movement during migration and spreading along the tubular surfaces. Furthermore, the ASMCs underwent a phenotype transition on the tubular (both concave and convex) surfaces, significantly reducing contractility as compared to ASMCs cultured on a flat surface, which was reflected in the changes of proliferation, migration and gene expression of contractile biomarkers. Taken together, our study revealed a curvature-induced pattern formation and functional modulation of ASMCs in vitro, which is not only important to better understanding airway smooth muscle pathophysiology, but may also be useful in the development of new techniques for airway disease diagnosis and therapy such as engineering airway tissues or organoids.

6.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2102686, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713618

RESUMO

Benzophenones are widely supplemented in personal care products, but little is known about its neurodevelopmental toxicity. The previous epidemiological study discovered a negative correlation between maternal exposure to a benzophenone metabolite 4-hydroxybenzophenone (4HBP) and child's neurodevelopment, yet the causal relationship and detailed mechanism remain to be defined. Here, it is reported that prenatal, but not postnatal, exposure to environmentally relevant level of 4HBP impairs hippocampus development and causes cognitive dysfunction in offspring mice. Transcriptomic analyses reveal that 4HBP induces the endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptotic signaling and inflammatory response in hippocampal neural stem cells. Mechanistically, 4HBP exposure activates protein kinase R-like ER kinase (PERK) signaling, which induces CHOP, inhibits IκB translation, and transactivates p65, thereby promoting inflammation and apoptosis on multiple levels. Importantly, genetic or pharmacological inhibition of PERK pathway significantly attenuates 4HBP-induced NFκB signaling and neurodevelopmental abnormalities in mice and in a human brain organoid model. The study uncovers the neurodevelopmental toxicity of BP and cautions its exposure during pregnancy.

7.
Phys Rev E ; 104(3-2): 035204, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34654195

RESUMO

Studies have shown significant discrepancies between the recent experiment [Berg et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 055002 (2018)PRLTAO10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.055002] and current theoretical calculations on the electron-impact ionization cross section of ions in warm dense magnesium. Here, we present a systematic study the effects of the ionic correlations and free-electron screening on the electron-impact ionization of ions in warm dense matter. The ionic correlation and the free-electron screening effects yield additional Hermitian terms to the calculation of the ionic central-force-field potential, which significantly change the electronic structure compared with that of the isolated ion. In calculating the electron-impact ionization, we describe the impact and ionized electrons using a damped-distorted wave function, which considers the momentum relaxation of free electrons due to collisions with other free electrons and ions. We reproduce the electron-impact ionization process for Mg^{7+} in the solid-density plasma and increase the ionization cross section by one order of magnitude compared with that of the isolated ion, which excellently agrees with the experimental result of Berg et al.

8.
Front Immunol ; 12: 744206, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630425

RESUMO

The effects of corticosteroid use on the reactogenicity and immunogenicity of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 (ChAd) vaccine were evaluated. Healthcare workers (HCWs) who took low-dose corticosteroid agents around the time of the first dose of ChAd (ChAdPd group) were recruited and the reactogenicity and immunogenicity were compared with those of ChAd (ChAd group) and BNT162b2 vaccination (BNT group) of HCWs without corticosteroid exposure. The immunogenicity was measured three weeks after vaccination using quantitative anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (S) antibody electrochemiluminescence immunoassay and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) release assay. A total of 67 HCWs comprising 24 ChAd, 29 BNT, and 14 ChAdPd was included. The median total corticosteroid dose of the ChAdPd group was 30 mg prednisolone equivalents (interquartile range (IQR) 20-71.3 mg). HCWs in the ChAdPd group experienced significantly milder reactogenicity (median total score 7.5, IQR 4.0-18.0) compared to those in the ChAd group (median 23.0, IQR 8.0-43.0, P=0.012) but similar to that in the BNT group (median 5.0, IQR 3.0-9.0, P=0.067). The S antibody concentration of the ChAdPd group (62.4 ± 70.0 U/mL) was higher than that of the ChAd group, though without statistical significance (3.45 ± 57.6 U/mL, P=0.192). The cellular immune response was most robust in the ChAdPd group, with significantly higher IFN-γ concentration (5.363 ± 4.276 IU/mL), compared to the ChAd (0.978 ± 1.181 IU/mL, P=0.002) and BNT (1.656 ± 1.925 IU/mL, P=0.009) groups. This finding suggest that short-term corticosteroid reduces reactogenicity of the first dose of ChAd without hindering immunogenicity.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Imunogenicidade da Vacina/efeitos dos fármacos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Fatores de Tempo , Vacinação
10.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 8378-8395, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592889

RESUMO

Exosomes are emerging tools for transporting lipids, proteins, microRNAs (miRNAs), or other biomarkers for clinical purposes. They have produced widespread concern in managing human diseases, including osteosarcoma (OS). This study focuses on the function of serum-derived exosomal miR-15a in the growth of OS cells and the mechanism of action. Differentially expressed genes between OS and normal samples were screened using two datasets GSE70367 and GSE65071. miR-15a was poorly expressed, whereas GATA-binding protein 2 (GATA2) and murine double minute 2 (MDM2) were abundantly expressed in OS samples. miR-15a and its target mRNAs, including GATA2, were enriched in the p53 signaling pathway. miR-15a directly targets GATA2 mRNA to inhibit its expression, whereas GATA2 activates the transcription of MDM2, a negative regulator of p53. Overexpression of GATA2 and MDM2 promoted proliferation and cell cycle progression of MG-63 cells, whereas miR-15a blocked this axis and suppressed cell growth. miR-15a was identified as a major cargo of serum-derived exosomes, and exosomes conveying miR-15a were internalized by OS cells. This study demonstrated that miR-15a suppresses the GATA2/MDM2 axis to inhibit the proliferation and invasiveness of OS cells in vitro through the p53 signaling pathway.

11.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 7266263, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630560

RESUMO

Bimanual cooperation plays a vital role in functions of the upper extremity and daily activities. Based on the principle of bilateral movement, mirror therapy could provide bimanual cooperation training. However, conventional mirror therapy could not achieve the isolation of the mirror. A novel paradigm mirror therapy called associated mirror therapy (AMT) was proposed to achieve bimanual cooperation task-based mirror visual feedback isolating from the mirror. The study was aimed at exploring the feasibility and effectiveness of AMT on stroke patients. We conducted a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Thirty-six eligible patients were equally assigned into the experimental group (EG) receiving AMT and the control group (CG) receiving bimanual training without mirroring for five days/week, lasting four weeks. The Fugl-Meyer Assessment Upper Limb subscale (FMA-UL) for upper extremity motor impairment was used as the primary outcome. The secondary outcomes were the Box and Block Test (BBT) and Functional Independence Measure (FIM) for motor and daily function. All patients participated in trials throughout without adverse events or side effects. The scores of FMA-UL and FIM improved significantly in both groups following the intervention. Compared to CG, the scores of FMA-UL and FIM were improved more significantly in EG after the intervention. The BBT scores were improved significantly for EG following the intervention, but no differences were found in the BBT scores of CG after the intervention. However, no differences in BBT scores were observed between the two groups. In summary, our study suggested that AMT was a feasible and practical approach to enhance the motor recovery of paretic arms and daily function in stroke patients. Furthermore, AMT may improve manual dexterity for poststroke rehabilitation.

12.
J Biol Chem ; 297(5): 101315, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678311

RESUMO

Coagulopathy is associated with both inflammation and infection, including infections with novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, the causative agent Coagulopathy is associated with both inflammation and infection, including infection with novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2, the causative agent of COVID-19. Clot formation is promoted via cAMP-mediated secretion of von Willebrand factor (vWF), which fine-tunes the process of hemostasis. The exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (EPAC) is a ubiquitously expressed intracellular cAMP receptor that plays a regulatory role in suppressing inflammation. To assess whether EPAC could regulate vWF release during inflammation, we utilized our EPAC1-null mouse model and revealed increased secretion of vWF in endotoxemic mice in the absence of the EPAC1 gene. Pharmacological inhibition of EPAC1 in vitro mimicked the EPAC1-/- phenotype. In addition, EPAC1 regulated tumor necrosis factor-α-triggered vWF secretion from human umbilical vein endothelial cells in a manner dependent upon inflammatory effector molecules PI3K and endothelial nitric oxide synthase. Furthermore, EPAC1 activation reduced inflammation-triggered vWF release, both in vivo and in vitro. Our data delineate a novel regulatory role for EPAC1 in vWF secretion and shed light on the potential development of new strategies to control thrombosis during inflammation.

13.
Infect Dis Ther ; 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687442

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To assess the long-term consequences of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) among health care workers (HCWs) in China (hereafter surviving HCWs). METHODS: A total of 303 surviving HCWs were included. Lung (pulmonary function test, 6-min walk test [6MWT], chest CT), physical (St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire [SGRQ], Modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale [mMRC], and Borg scale), and psychiatric functions (Essen Trauma Inventory) were evaluated during the 1-year follow-up. RESULTS: Surviving HCWs had an abnormal diffusion capacity 1 year post-discharge. Participants with a reduced carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCO) comprised 43.48%. The proportion of HCWs with a median 6MWT distance below the lower limit of the normal was 19.4%. An abnormal CT pattern was observed in 37.5% of the HCWs. The SGRQ, mMRC, and Borg scores of surviving HCWs, especially those with critical/severe disease, were significantly higher than those in the normal population. Probable post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was reported in 21.9% of the surviving HCWs. Diffusion capacity impairment was associated with women. Critical/severe illness and nurses were associated with impaired physical function. CONCLUSIONS: Most surviving HCWs, especially female HCWs, still had an abnormal diffusion capacity at 1 year. The physical and psychiatric functions of surviving HCWs were significantly worse than those of the healthy population. Long-term follow-up of pulmonary, physical, and psychiatric functions for surviving HCWs is required.

14.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1868(1): 166289, 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34656797

RESUMO

To explore the recovery of renal function in severely ill coronavirus disease (COVID-19) survivors and determine the plasma metabolomic profile of patients with different renal outcomes 3 months after discharge, we included 89 severe COVID-19 survivors who had been discharged from Wuhan Union Hospital for 3 months. All patients had no underlying kidney disease before admission. At patient recruitment, renal function assessment, laboratory examination, chest computed tomography (CT) were performed. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to detect metabolites in the plasma. We analyzed the longitudinally change in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) based on serum creatinine and cystatin-c levels using the CKD-EPI equation and explored the metabolomic differences in patients with different eGFR change patterns from hospitalization to 3 months after discharge. Lung CT showed good recovery; however, the median eGFR significantly decreased at the 3-month follow-up. Among the 89 severely ill COVID-19 patients, 69 (77.5%) showed abnormal eGFR (<90 mL/min per 1.73 m2) at 3 months after discharge. Age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.26, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.08-1.47, p = 0.003), body mass index (OR = 1.97, 95% CI = 1.20-3.22, p = 0.007), and cystatin-c level (OR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.07-1.39, p = 0.003) at discharge were independent risk factors for post-discharge abnormal eGFR. Plasma metabolomics at the 3-months follow-up revealed that ß-pseudouridine, uridine, and 2-(dimethylamino) guanosine levels gradually increased with an abnormal degree of eGFR. Moreover, the kynurenine pathway in tryptophan metabolism, vitamin B6 metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, and arginine biosynthesis were also perturbed in survivors with abnormal eGFR.

15.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 206: 114377, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563978

RESUMO

The evaluation of true penicillin allergy is significant to reduce its occurrence and the overdiagnosis before anti-infective treatment. However, the currently available methods with high specificity still face the problem of low sensitivity, thereby easily leading to false negatives. Herein, an alkyne responsive surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) immunosensor is reported for ultrasensitive detection of penicillin allergen penicilloyl protein (P-protein) by using Au-Ag alloy nanoparticles@(antibody + alkyne probe) (as SERS immunoprobe) together with Ag nanofilm modified by antibody (as SERS capture substrate). The SERS immunoassay integrates the interference-free Raman response of high wavenumber region (2212 cm-1) and specific capture antibody with high affinity to selectively recognize P-protein from complicated sample. Meanwhile, the target-induced near-field coupling effect between localized surface plasmon resonances of individual SERS immunoprobe and capture substrate enables the detection of P-protein as low as pg/mL level, and the limit of detection can reach 0.329 pg/mL that is about 6 orders of magnitude lower than the limit defined protein residue (causing penicillin allergy). With the ultrasensitivity and specific selectivity, the proposed SERS immunoassay platform can precisely evaluate the content of P-protein in blood sample or penicillin drugs. It will be a potential tool to monitor allergic reaction to penicillin and better understand the mechanism of penicillin hypersensitivity.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Hipersensibilidade , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Alcinos , Ouro , Humanos , Imunoensaio , Penicilinas , Prata , Análise Espectral Raman
16.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 4485-4501, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522117

RESUMO

Background: It remains unclear whether discharged COVID-19 patients have fully recovered from severe complications, including the differences in the post-infection metabolomic profiles of patients with different disease severities. Methods: COVID-19-recovered patients, who had no previous underlying diseases and were discharged from Wuhan Union Hospital for 3 months, and matched healthy controls (HCs) were recruited in this prospective cohort study. We examined the blood biochemical indicators, cytokines, lung computed tomography scans, including 39 HCs, 18 recovered asymptomatic (RAs), 34 recovered moderate (RMs), and 44 recovered severe/ critical patients (RCs). A liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomics approach was employed to profile the global metabolites of fasting plasma of these participants. Results: Clinical data and metabolomic profiles suggested that RAs recovered well, but some clinical indicators and plasma metabolites in RMs and RCs were still abnormal as compared with HCs, such as decreased taurine, succinic acid, hippuric acid, some indoles, and lipid species. The disturbed metabolic pathway mainly involved the tricarboxylic cycle, purine, and glycerophospholipid metabolism. Moreover, metabolite alterations differ between RMs and RCs when compared with HCs. Correlation analysis revealed that many differential metabolites were closely associated with inflammation and the renal, pulmonary, heart, hepatic, and coagulation system functions. Conclusion: We uncovered metabolite clusters pathologically relevant to the recovery state in discharged COVID-19 patients which may provide new insights into the pathogenesis of potential organ damage in recovered patients.

17.
J Invertebr Pathol ; : 107665, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34520799

RESUMO

Penaeus vannamei is the most economically important species of shrimp cultured worldwide. Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) is an emerging pathogen that severely affects the growth and development of shrimps. In this study, the transcriptome differences between EHP-infected and uninfected shrimp were investigated through next-generation sequencing. The unigenes were assembled with the reads from all the four libraries. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of intestines and hepatopancreas were analyzed. There were 2,884 DEGs in the intestines and 2,096 DEGs in the hepatopancreas. The GO and KEGG enrichment analysis indicated that DEGs were significantly enriched in signaling pathways associated with nutritional energy metabolism and mobilizing autoimmunity. Moreover, the results suggested the downregulation of key genes in energy synthesis pathways contributed greatly to shrimp growth retardation; the upregulation of immune-related genes enhanced the resistance of shrimp against EHP infection. This study provided identified genes and pathways associated with EHP infection revealing the molecular mechanisms of growth retardation.

18.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1181: 338902, 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556229

RESUMO

Methylglyoxal (MGO) is the primary material basis for the non-peroxide antibacterial activity (NPA) of manuka honey from New Zealand. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the quality or discriminate the grade of honey because no all manuka honeys on the market display the NPA. The current routine method employed for the detection of MGO involves high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) test. However, it requires long time (∼8 h) for sample derivatization. Herein, we report an intrinsic Raman signal amplification strategy for the rapid identification and detection of MGO by using silver-coated gold nanoparticles (Au@Ag NPs) along with a high selective surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) probe 8-thioguanosine (8-TG). 8-TG is synthesized via the derivatization of 8-bromoguanosine (8-BG) with thiourea, and its Raman peak assignments were confirmed by computer simulation. The detection is performed through the Raman intensity ratio (I631/I700) variation of N2-(1-carboxyethyl)-thioguanosine (CETG) formed by the reaction between 8-TG and MGO on surface of Au@Ag NPs, where one CETG Raman intensity at 631 cm-1 increases while the other one at 700 cm-1 decreases oppositely. The opposite change not only yields an intrinsic Raman signal amplification, but also provides built-in correction. As a result, the proposed SERS method exhibits high sensitivity and accuracy. In addition, the whole analytical test is achieved within ∼20 min. The method can be used for the fast detection of MGO in manuka honey and discrimination of the honey grade.


Assuntos
Mel , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Simulação por Computador , Ouro , Mel/análise , Aldeído Pirúvico , Análise Espectral Raman
19.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 34(8): 717-24, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423614

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and nerve function in patients with spinal tuberculosis before and after surgery, explore the timing of surgical intervention, and evaluate its influence on surgical safety. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 387 patients with spinal tuberculosis who received surgical treatment from March 2012 to March 2017, including 278 males and 109 females, aged 12 to 86 years old with an average of (49.9±19.1) years. There were 64 cases of cervical tuberculosis, 86 cases of thoracic tuberculosis, 76 cases of thoracolumbar tuberculosis and 161 cases of lumbar tuberculosis. There were 297 patients with single segmental involvementand 90 patients with multiple segmental involvement. Among them, 62 cases presented neurological damage, and preoperative spinal cord neurological function depended on ASIA grade, 5 cases of grade A, 8 cases of grade B, 39 cases of grade C, and 10 cases of grade D. According to the duration of preoperative antituberculosis treatment, the patients were divided into group A (256 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for 2-4 weeks before surgery) and group B (131 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for more than 4 weeks before surgery). The two groups were compared in terms of gender, age, preoperative complicated pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion scope, surgical approach, drug resistance and other general clinical characteristics. ESR, CRP, visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Frankel grade and postoperative complications were observed. RESULTS: All 387 patients were followed up for 12 to 36 (18.3±4.5) months. There were no significant differences in gender, age, preoperative pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion range, surgical approach, preoperative drug resistance and other characteristics between two groups. A total of 32 patients in two groups did not heal after surgery, with an incidence rate of 8.27%. The VAS and spinal cord dysfunction index of the two groups were significantly improved after surgery (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between two groups at the same time point (P>0.05) . From 1 to 14 days after operation, the neurological function began to gradually recover, and the neurological function grade was increased by 1 to 3 grades. From 3 months after operation to the final follow up, 52 cases recovered completely, 8 cases partially recovered, and 2 cases did not improve. There was no significant difference in ESR and CRP between two groups before admission, 1 month after surgery, and final follow-up (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: After 2-4 weeks of anti tuberculosis treatment before operation, patients with spinal tuberculosis could be operated upon with ESR and CRP in a descending or stable period. In principle, patients with spinal tuberculosis and paraplegia should be treated as soon as possible after active preoperative management of the complication without emergency surgery.


Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Torácicas , Tuberculose da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 661679, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368181

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles are membrane-bound nanoparticles secreted by cells which play a well-known role in cell to cell communication. The most update to date nomenclature categorizes extracellular vesicles based on their relative size, protein markers, and/or the cell type of origin. Extracellular vesicles can be isolated from biological fluids using a variety of methods, including but not limited to, ultrafiltration, size-exclusion chromatography, differential ultracentrifugation, density gradient centrifugation, precipitation-based methods, and immunoaffinity capture. These nanovesicles carry distinct "cargo," made up of biomolecules such as nucleic acids, lipids, and protein, which is delivered to nearby target cells. The "cargo" profile carried by extracellular vesicles is critical in their role of communication and resembles the physiological status of the cell they originated from. For the purpose of this review, we will focus on the miRNA cargo. Extracellular vesicle-miRNA profiles hold the potential to be used in diagnostic panels for a variety of diseases through a novel method known as "liquid biopsy." In addition to this, extracellular vesicles may serve as a potential method to deliver drugs to specific cells within the body. This mini-review provides background into what extracellular vesicles are, methods of isolating these nanoparticles, their potential use as a biomarker and drug delivery system for precision medicine, and a summary of the current literature covering the role of some extracellular vesicle-cargo's in various pulmonary diseases.

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