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1.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 189: 110831, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058252

RESUMO

Stent intervention as available method in clinic has been widely applied for cardiovascular disease treatment for decades. However, the restenosis caused by late thrombosis and hyperplasia still limits the stents long-term application, and the essential cause is usually recognized as endothelial functionalization insufficiency of the stent material surface. Here, we address this limitation by developing a pro-endothelial-functionalization surface that immobilized a natural factors-loaded nanoparticle, exosome, onto the poly-dopamine (PDA) coated materials via electrostatic binding. This PDA/Exosome surface not only increased the endothelial cells number on the materials, but also improved their endothelial function, including platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (CD31) expression, cell migration and nitric oxide release. The pro-inflammation macrophage (M1 phenotype) attachment and synthetic smooth muscle cell proliferation as the interference factors for the endothelialization were not only inhibited by the PDA/Exosome coating, while the cells were also regulated to anti-inflammation macrophage (M2 phenotype) and contractile smooth muscle cell, which may contribute to endothelialization. Thus, it can be summarized this method has potential application on surface modification of cardiovascular biomaterials.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32015095

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to evaluate the risk factors for recurrence in young patients with atypical endometrial hyperplasia and early-stage endometrioid adenocarcinoma after fertility-sparing treatments. A retrospective case-control study was designed. Patients with atypical endometrial hyperplasia and early-stage endometrioid adenocarcinoma who received fertility-sparing treatments from January 2010 to December 2017 were reviewed. All patients who met the inclusion criteria were divided into a recurrence group and a control group. Risk factors for recurrence- and disease-free survival were evaluated by logistic regression analysis and Cox regression analysis. A total of 127 patients were included, 53 patients in the recurrence group and 74 patients in the control group. No deaths occurred during the follow-up time. The rate of successful pregnancy was 62.5% in the control group and 20.5% in the recurrence group after complete remission of the primary disease. In a multivariate regression model, after adjusting for other factors, menstruation cycle, progestin type and regular maintenance treatments after complete remission were the main risk factors for disease recurrence. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist was mainly used to treat obese patients and was associated with longer progression-free survival (PFS) time compared with that in patients who received high-dose oral progestin such as megestrol acetate (RR 2.158, 95% CI 0.948~4.913). Regular oral progestin also significantly prolonged the PFS time (RR 4.726, 95% CI 2.672~8.359). The progestin type used in treatment and regular maintenance treatment of young patients with atypical endometrial hyperplasia and early-stage endometrioid adenocarcinoma after complete remission might be correlated with disease recurrence.

4.
J Strength Cond Res ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032232

RESUMO

Mehls, K, Grubbs, B, Jin, Y, and Coons, J. Electromyography comparison of sex differences during the back squat. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-Currently, there is limited information regarding the muscle activity differences between men and women during the traditional back squat. The back squat is a widely used exercise which stimulates lower-body musculature; thus, information regarding the muscle activity patterns during this exercise is pertinent when prescribing resistance training. This study evaluated muscle activity differences (using surface electromyography) in men and women during the traditional back squat with a load prescribed to elicit strength gains. Resistance-trained men (n = 14) and women (n = 14) performed 3 sets of 4 repetitions in the traditional back squat using 85% of their pretest 1 repetition maximum. Muscle activity data were collected for 6 muscles including the vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, rectus femoris, gluteus maximus, semitendinosus, and biceps femoris (BF). Independent sample t tests revealed a significantly higher normalized muscle activity men in the BF muscle during the descending phase of the back squat. No other muscle activity differences were present between men and women. These results indicate that men activate the BF muscle during the traditional back squat to a greater extent than women. For women, it may be necessary to consider other exercises to optimally stimulate and strengthen the BF muscle during resistance training.

6.
Mil Med Res ; 7(1): 4, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32029004

RESUMO

In December 2019, a new type viral pneumonia cases occurred in Wuhan, Hubei Province; and then named "2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)" by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 12 January 2020. For it is a never been experienced respiratory disease before and with infection ability widely and quickly, it attracted the world's attention but without treatment and control manual. For the request from frontline clinicians and public health professionals of 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia management, an evidence-based guideline urgently needs to be developed. Therefore, we drafted this guideline according to the rapid advice guidelines methodology and general rules of WHO guideline development; we also added the first-hand management data of Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University. This guideline includes the guideline methodology, epidemiological characteristics, disease screening and population prevention, diagnosis, treatment and control (including traditional Chinese Medicine), nosocomial infection prevention and control, and disease nursing of the 2019-nCoV. Moreover, we also provide a whole process of a successful treatment case of the severe 2019-nCoV infected pneumonia and experience and lessons of hospital rescue for 2019-nCoV infections. This rapid advice guideline is suitable for the first frontline doctors and nurses, managers of hospitals and healthcare sections, community residents, public health persons, relevant researchers, and all person who are interested in the 2019-nCoV.

7.
Am J Sports Med ; : 363546519897912, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs) are being widely applied in various fields. Therefore, hAMSCs represent a promising candidate to facilitate cartilage regeneration. Nonetheless, no studies have investigated the application of hAMSC sheets to repair cartilage defects in vivo. PURPOSE: To evaluate hAMSC sheets encapsulating cartilage particles to promote repair of rabbit osteochondral defects. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: hAMSC sheets were constructed with passage 3 hAMSCs. The phenotypic and structural characteristics of hAMSC sheets were evaluated by flow cytometry and scanning electron microscopy, respectively. The potential for chondrogenic differentiation of hAMSC sheets was assessed by cartilage-specific marker staining, immunohistochemistry, and mRNA and protein expression (SOX9, COLII, and ACAN). Osteochondral defects (diameter, 3.5 mm; depth, 3 mm) were created in the left patellar grooves of 20 New Zealand White rabbits (female or male). The defects were treated with hAMSC sheet/cartilage particles (n = 5), cartilage particles (n = 5), hAMSC sheets (n = 5), or fibrin glue (n = 5). Macroscopic and histological evaluations of the regenerated tissue were conducted after 3 months. The survival time and differentiation of transplanted hAMSCs in the defect area were evaluated by immunofluorescence. RESULTS: hAMSC sheets had a multilayered structure, with cells stacked layer by layer. Importantly, hAMSC sheets highly expressed phenotypic markers of mesenchymal stem cells. Cartilage-specific marker staining and immunohistochemistry were positive, and mRNA and protein expression was higher in the chondrogenically induced hAMSC sheet group than in the hAMSC sheet group (P < .05). hAMSC sheet/cartilage particles formed a large amount of hyaline-like cartilage in the defect area. In addition, macroscopic and histological scores were significantly higher than those in the other groups. Integration with surrounding normal cartilage and subchondral bone regeneration in the hAMSC sheet/cartilage particles group were better when compared with the other groups. A large number of human nuclear-specific antigen-positive cells were observed in the defect area of hAMSC sheet/cartilage particles and hAMSC sheet groups. Moreover, some positive cells expressed SOX9. CONCLUSION: hAMSC sheets encapsulating cartilage particles facilitate osteochondral defect repair. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Delivery of cells in the form of a cell sheet in conjunction with cartilage particles provides a novel approach for cell-based cartilage regeneration.

8.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897963

RESUMO

Mitochondrial genes' variants encoded in both the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes can disrupt mitochondrial function, resulting in losing of cartilage and generating osteoarthritis (OA). However, the association between mtDNA haplogroups and OA still lacks strength evidence supporting. The aim of this meta-analysis is to assess the role of mtDNA haplogroups in speculating the pathogenesis and progression of OA. PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and World Health Organization clinical trials' registry center were searched to identify relevant studies up to the end of March 2019. Inclusion citations required a case-control or cohort study to demonstrate the association between mtDNA haplogroups and OA's prevalence or progression. Title, abstract, and full-text screening were sequentially assessed by three reviewers. Data were analyzed using STATA. Besides, publication bias and meta-regression analysis were conducted to explore potential heterogeneities. We collected results from 7 articles. The cluster TJ cases showed a lower proportion in OA cases (RR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.72, 0.96). However, there is no evidence that revealed this kind of impact originated from neither type J nor type T individually. Besides, the type B and G analyses among Asian populations also elucidated a negative association. Moreover, the cluster TJ of mtDNA haplogroups revealed a lower cumulative probability of radiographic OA progression (ES = 0.77, 95% CI 0.63, 0.94), which was contributed by type T (ES = 0.61, 95% CI 0.45, 0.82).The mtDNA haplogroups do have impacts on the prevalence and progression of OA. Cluster TJ could help reduce the prevalence and slow down the radiographic changes; however, the impacts came from type J and type T, respectively.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912975

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) to albumin ratio (GAR) independently predicts mortality and bleeding events in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Serum GGT and albumin levels have been associated with CAD risk and mortality. However, more analysis is needed to determine their predictive relationship with adverse outcomes. METHODS: In total, 5,638 patients from a large retrospective cohort study were enrolled from January 2008 to December 2016 and divided into two groups (GAR <0.62, n = 2,712 and GAR ≥0.62, n = 2,926). The average follow-up time was 35.9 ± 22.6 months. Multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the risk of all-cause mortality and bleeding events associated with GAR. RESULTS: The low-GAR group had a significantly higher number of all-cause mortality (p = .016) and bleeding events (p = .010) than the high-GAR group. Multivariate Cox regression analyses showed that the risk of all-cause death and bleeding events decreased by 23.8% (hazard risk [HR] = 0.762 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.601-0.966, p = .025) and 39.4% (HR = 00.616, 95% CI: 0.446-0.852, p = .003), respectively, in the high-GAR group. In patients with acute coronary syndrome, the risk of bleeding events decreased by 57.3% in the high-GAR group (HR = 0.427, 95% CI: 0.234-0.781, p = .006). In patients with stable coronary heart disease, the risk of all-cause death decreased 28.6% (HR = 0.714, 95% CI: 0.540-0.944, p = .018) in the high-GAR group. CONCLUSION: GAR was an independent and novel predictor of mortality and bleeding events in CAD patients who underwent PCI.

10.
Acta Biomater ; 104: 76-84, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904559

RESUMO

The disruption of the blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) following spinal cord injury contributes to inflammation and glial scarring that inhibits axon growth and diminishes the effectiveness of conduits transplanted to the injury site to promote this growth. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether scaffolds containing microvessels that exhibit BSCB integrity reduce inflammation and scar formation at the injury site and lead to increased axon growth. For these studies, a self-assembling peptide scaffold, RADA-16I, is used due to its established permissiveness to axon growth and ability to support vascularization. Immunocytochemistry and permeability transport assays verify the formation of tight-junction containing microvessels within the scaffold. Peptide scaffolds seeded with different concentrations of microvascular cells are then injected into a spinal contusion injury in rats to evaluate how microvessels affect axon growth and neurovascular interaction. The effect of the vascularized scaffold on inflammation and scar formation is evaluated by quantifying histological sections stained with ED-1 and GFAP, respectively. Our results indicate that the peptide scaffolds containing microvessels reduce inflammation and glial scar formation and increase the density of axons growing into the injury/transplant site. These results demonstrate the potential benefit of scaffold vascularization to treat spinal cord injury. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: This study evaluates the benefit of transplanting microvascular cells within a self-assembling peptide scaffold, RADA-16I, that has shown promise for facilitating regeneration in the central nervous system in previous studies. Our results indicate that vasculature featuring tight junctions that give rise to the blood-spinal cord barrier can be formed within the peptide scaffold both in vitro and in a rat model of a subacute contusion spinal cord injury. Histological analysis indicates that the presence of the microvessels encourages axon infiltration into the site of injury and reduces the area of astrocyte activation and inflammation. Overall, these results demonstrate the potential of vascularizing scaffolds for the repair of spinal cord injury.

11.
Eur J Radiol ; 124: 108827, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951892

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to noninvasively explore pancreatic morphological and mechanical changes in diabetic patients with or without microangiopathy and to investigate the clinical correlations of pancreatic stiffness or size with diabetic microangiopathy. METHODS: A total of 213 type 2 diabetic patients with / without microangiopathy (91/122) were prospectively enrolled. Microangiopathy included diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy and diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Each subject underwent pancreatic ultrasonography and elastography. The shear wave velocity (SWV) and thickness of the head, body and tail were measured and compared. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves was performed in the diagnosis of microangiopathy. Risk factors of the occurrence of more microvascular complications were explored. RESULTS: The SWV in pancreas increased significantly in patients with microangiopathy (P < 0.01) while the thickness was similar in all patients. The area under ROC curve for the SWV in pancreatic body was greatest (0.747) and the sensitivity, specificity were 73.0, 70.9 %. There was a significant shift towards the occurrence of more microvascular complications for patients with increasing of the SWV in pancreatic body (OR 39.25), long duration of diabetes (OR 1.077), aging (OR 1.039) and elevation of microalbuminuria (OR 1.004). CONCLUSIONS: The SWV in pancreatic body was significantly high in diabetic patients with microangiopathy and was prominently correlated with the number of microvascular complications. The SWV in pancreatic body may be considered as a potential marker for diabetic microangiopathy and its occurrence.

12.
Strahlenther Onkol ; 196(2): 172-181, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784801

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The optimal radiotherapy dose/fraction for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is undefined. Our objectives were to compare efficacy between hyperfractionated thoracic radiotherapy (TRT; 1.5 Gy 2 times per day [bid] in 30 fractions) and hypofractionated TRT (2.5 Gy once per day [qd] in 22 fractions), and to explore prognostic factors influencing the prognosis, such as the timing of TRT. METHODS: Patients enrolled in two independent prospective studies were combined and analyzed. The primary endpoint was local/regional control (LRC). The prognosis was analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards regression model. RESULTS: Ninety-two and 96 patients were treated with hyperfractionated TRT and hypofractionated TRT, respectively. The 1­ and 2­year LRC rates of the two arms were 82.1 and 60.7%, and 84.9 and 68.8% (P = 0.27), respectively. The median overall survival (OS) times (months) were 28.3 (95% confidence interval, CI 16.4-40.1) and 22.0 (95% CI 16.4-27.5), while the 1­year, 3­year, and 5­year OS rates were 85.2, 40.8, and 27.1%, and 76.9, 34.3, and 26.8% (P = 0.37), respectively. Using a multivariate Cox regression study, time (days) from the initiation of chemotherapy to TRT (TCT) ≤43 was associated with improved LRC (hazard radio, HR 0.39, 95% CI 0.20-0.76; P = 0.005). Time (days) from the start of chemotherapy to the end of TRT (SER) ≤63 (HR 0.50, 95% CI 0.32-0.80; P = 0.003) and prophylactic cranial irradiation (HR 0.43; 95% CI 0.29-0.63; P = 0.000) were favorably related to OS. Grade 2/3 acute radiation esophagitis was observed in 37.0 and 17.7% of patients in the hyperfractionated and hypofractionated arms, respectively (P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Both hyperfractionated and hypofractionated TRT schedules achieved good LRC and OS for patients with limited-stage SCLC in this study. Keeping TCT ≤43 and SER ≤63 resulted in a better prognosis. The incidence of acute esophagitis was significantly higher in the hyperfractionated arm.

13.
Cancer ; 126(4): 840-849, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The thoracic radiotherapy (TRT) target volume for limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) has been controversial for decades. In this report, the final results of a prospective randomized trial on the TRT target volume before and after induction chemotherapy are presented. METHODS: After 2 cycles of etoposide and cisplatin, patients arm were randomized to receive TRT to the postchemotherapy or prechemotherapy tumor volume in a study arm and a control arm. Involved-field radiotherapy was received in both arms. TRT consisted of 1.5 grays (Gy) twice daily in 30 fractions to up to a total dose of 45 Gy. Lymph node regions were contoured, and intentional and incidental radiation doses were recorded. RESULTS: The study was halted early because of slow accrual. Between 2002 and 2017, 159 and 150 patients were randomized to the study arm or the control arm, respectively; and 21.4% and 19.1% of patients, respectively, were staged using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (P = .31). With a median follow-up of 54.1 months (range, 19.9-165.0 months) in survivors, the 3-year local/regional progression-free probability was 58.2% and 65.5% in the study and control arms, respectively (P = .44), and the absolute difference was -7.3% (95% CI, -18.2%, 3.7%). In the study and control arms, the median overall survival was 21.9 months and 26.6 months, respectively, and the 5-year overall survival rate was 22.8% and 28.1%, respectively (P = .26). Grade 3 esophagitis was observed in 5.9% of patients in the study arm versus 15.5% of those in the control arm (P = .01). The isolated out-of-field failure rate was 2.6% in the study arm versus 4.1% in the control arm (P = .46), and all such failures were located in the supraclavicular fossa or contralateral hilum. The regions 7, 3P, 4L, 6, 4R, 5, and 2L received incidental radiation doses >30 Gy. CONCLUSIONS: TRT could be limited to the postchemotherapy tumor volume, and involved-field radiotherapy could be routinely applied for limited-stage SCLC.

14.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 43(2): 249-259, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555900

RESUMO

The ß-glucanase produced from Bacillus sp. CSB55 not only depicts the potent industrial characteristics but also relates as bio-industrial catalyst supporting the spontaneous formation of the products, high hydrolytic efficiency, and feasibility of the enzymatic reaction. A homogeneous ß-glucanase (GluB55) was purified via various purification processes resulting in 11.69% yield and 14.24-fold purity. Biochemical characterization of the purified enzyme revealed the molecular mass of approximately 40 kDa, which was verified by zymography. The optimum activity of GluB55 was determined at pH 7.2 and 55 °C. GluB55 could highly hydrolyze carboxymethylcellulose and was stable over a wide range of pH, retaining more than 70% residual activity at pH 5.8-11.0 and carried 100% thermostability as high as 60 °C. In addition, it showed 68% residual activity at 70 °C. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of GluB55 was Ala-Asn-Pro-Glu-Leu-Val-Asn-X-Gln-Ala-X-X-Ala-X-Gln-Gly. The enzyme activity was stimulated by Co2+ (158.6%), Zn2+ (211.1%), Mn2+ (264.4%), and Ba2+ (211.4%). Enzyme kinetics showed Km and Vmax values of 0.022 mg mL-1 and 994.56 ± 3.72 U mg-1, respectively. Q10 was calculated to be 1.12. ∆H, ∆G, and ∆S were low revealing that the formation of the transition phase and conversion to the product is very well organized. The lower the free energy change (∆G), the more feasible is the reaction.

15.
Cancer Med ; 9(1): 151-159, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monosialotetrahexosylganglioside (GM1) is a neuroprotective glycosphingolipid that repairs nerves. Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy is neurotoxic. This study assessed the efficacy of GM1 for preventing oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neurotoxicity (OIPN) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients receiving oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. METHODS: In total, 196 patients with stage II/III CRC undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy with mFOLFOX6 were randomly assigned to intravenous GM1 or a placebo. The primary endpoint was the rate of grade 2 or worse cumulative neurotoxicity (NCI-CTCAE). The secondary endpoints were chronic cumulative neurotoxicity (EORTC QLQ-CIPN20), time to grade 2 neurotoxicity (NCI-CTCAE or the oxaliplatin-specific neuropathy scale), acute neurotoxicity (analog scale), rates of dose reduction or withdrawal due to OIPN, 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) and adverse events. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the arms in the rate of NCI-CTCAE grade 2 or worse neurotoxicity (GM1: 33.7% vs placebo: 31.6%; P = .76) or neuropathy measured by the EORTC QLQ-CIPN20 or time to grade 2 neurotoxicity using NCI-CTCAE and the oxaliplatin-specific neuropathy scale. GM1 substantially decreased participant-reported acute neurotoxicity (sensitivity to cold items [P < .01], discomfort swallowing cold liquids [P < .01], throat discomfort [P < .01], muscle cramps [P < .01]). The rates of dose reduction or withdrawal were not significantly different between the arms (P = .08). The 3-year DFS rates were 85% and 83% in the GM1 and placebo arms, respectively (P = .19). There were no differences in toxicity between the arms. CONCLUSION: Patients receiving GM1 were less troubled by the symptoms of acute neuropathy. However, we do not support the use of GM1 to prevent cumulative neurotoxicity. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02251977).

16.
Oncogene ; 39(3): 637-650, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530934

RESUMO

Patients with stage II or III colorectal cancer (CRC) exhibit various clinical outcomes after radical treatments. The 5-year survival rate was between 50 and 87%. However, the underlying mechanisms of the variation remain unclear. Here we show that AMPKα1 is overexpressed in CRC patient specimens and the high expression is correlated with poor patient survival. We further reveal a previously unrecognized function of AMPKα1, which maintains high level of reduced glutathione to keep reduction-oxidation reaction (redox) homeostasis under stress conditions, thus promoting CRC cell survival under metabolic stress in vitro and enhancing tumorigenesis in vivo. Mechanistically, AMPKα1 regulate the glutathione reductase (GSR) phosphorylation possibly through residue Thr507 which enhances its activity. Suppression of AMPKα1 by using nano-sized polymeric vector induces a favorable therapeutic effect, especially when in combination with oxaliplatin. Our study uncovers a novel function of AMPKα1 in redox regulation and identifies a promising therapeutic strategy for treatment of CRC.

18.
Food Chem ; 303: 125363, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472383

RESUMO

Present in many plant foods, biogenic phenolic compounds are important bioactive phytonutrients with high anti-oxidant activity and thereby are praised for their health-promoting properties. However, current food nutrient improvement by high phenolic content in staples is limited by the shortage of genetic resources rich in phenolic compounds. To resolve this obstacle, we developed a non-destructive massive analytical approach to screen wheat phenolic mutants. In grains, multiple mutant lines showed significantly higher contents of flavonoids or cell wall-bound phenolic esters. Moreover, five mutants showed higher anti-oxidant potentials in wall-bound phenolic compounds ranging from 15% to 20%, with the maximal close to natural black wheat. In contrast to black wheat, two mutants accumulated higher phenolic compounds in the endosperm. lrf4 was mapped by BSR to a concentrated genomic region in the short arm of chromosome 1A. The present work represents an efficient high-throughput strategy to increase wheat anti-oxidant potential through traditional mutagenesis.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Mutação , Fenóis/metabolismo , Triticum/genética , Triticum/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo
19.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1838-1844, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492350

RESUMO

Pt/Bi2WO6 composite photocatalysts were prepared by a facile photoreduction method. Pt nanoparticles with an average size of 5-8 nm were successfully deposited on the surface of Bi2WO6 microspheres and the photocatalytic activity of Bi2WO6 was greatly improved by Pt nanoparticles. The photo-induced charge transfer properties of samples were studied by means of surface photovoltage (SPV) and transient photovoltage (TPV) techniques, giving an insight into the intrinsic reasons of the improvement in photocatalytic activity. The SPV and TPV results revealed that the deposited Pt nanoparticles could trap photo-induced electrons and then largely enhance the separation efficiency of photo-induced charge carriers.

20.
In Vivo ; 34(1): 133-141, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Dermal mesenchymal stem cells (DMSCs) are pluripotent stem cells found in the skin which maintain the thickness of the dermal layer and participate in skin wound healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MTT assay was performed to detect cell proliferation and cell-cycle progression and cell-surface markers were assessed by flow cytometry. The levels of proteins in related signaling pathways were detected by western blotting assay and the translocation of ß-catenin into the nucleus were detected by immunofluorescence. Red oil O staining was performed to examine the differentiational ability of DMSCs. RESULTS: Knockout of PRDX2 inhibited DMSC cell growth, and cell-cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase; p16, p21 and cyclin D1 expression levels in Prdx2 knockout DMSCs were significantly increased. Furthermore, AKT phosphorylation were significantly increased in Prdx2 knockout DMSCs, GSK3ß activity were inhibited, result in ß-Catenin accumulated in the nucleus. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, these results demonstrated that PRDX2 plays a pivotal role in regulating the proliferation of DMSCs, and this is closely related to the AKT/glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta/ß-catenin signaling pathway.

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