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1.
Food Chem ; 337: 127767, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799162

RESUMO

Egg yolks are a good source of folates. However, the method for analyzing the naturally occurring folates in egg yolks is complicated and time-consuming. In this study, a simplified pre-treatment method followed by validated HPLC-MS/MS was developed to determine native folates in eggs from laying hens treated with different amounts of folic acid. The modified enhanced matrix removal -lipid method to purify samples showed good performance in lipid elimination, reduction of steps and time savings. According to experimental analysis, yolks contained total folate amounts ranging from 147 to 760 µg/100 g when laying hens' diet was supplemented with folic acid from 0 to 10 mg/kg. Four folate vitamers were detected in egg yolks: 5-methyltetrahydrofolate accounted for 91-98% of total folates, whereas folic acid, 5-formyltetrahydrofolate and 10-formylfolic acid together accounted for 2-9%. Therefore, laying hens efficiently converted folic acid in feed into 5-methyltetrahydrofolate in eggs with little folic acid deposition.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Gema de Ovo/química , Ácido Fólico/análise , Lipídeos/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Galinhas , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Ácido Fólico/isolamento & purificação , Extração em Fase Sólida , Tetra-Hidrofolatos/análise
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis, characterized by bone loss, usually occurs with the increased bone resorption and the decreased bone formation. H2O2-induced MC3T3-E1 cells are commonly used for the study of osteoblastic activities which play a crucial role in bone formation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of Phosphocreatine (PCr) on the osteoblastic activities in H2O2- induced MC3T3-E1 cells and to elaborate the possible molecular mechanism. METHOD: The osteoprotegerin (OPG)/receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) ratio and osteogenic markers were detected to investigate the effects of PCr on osteoblastic activities, and the osteoblastic apoptosis was detected using Hochest staining. Moreover, oxidative stress, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) generation and the expression of Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), forkhead box O 1 (FOXO1) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) were also examined to uncover the possible molecular mechanism in H2O2-induced MC3T3-E1 cells. RESULT: The results showed that PCr promoted the osteoblastic differentiation by increasing the expression levels of osteogenic markers of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), as well as increased the OPG/RANKL ratio and suppressed the osteoblastic apoptosis in H2O2-induced MC3T3-E1 cells. Moreover, treatment with PCr suppressed reactive oxygen species (ROS) over-generation and promoted the ATP production as well as increased the PGC-1α, FOXO1 and SIRT1 protein expression levels in H2O2-induced MC3T3-E1 cells. CONCLUSION: PCr treatment could promote osteoblastic activities via suppressing oxidative stress and increasing the ATP generation in H2O2-induced MC3T3-E1 cells. In addition, the positive effects of PCr on osteoblasts might be regulated by SIRT1/FOXO1/ PGC-1α signaling pathway.

3.
Steroids ; : 108767, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33212127

RESUMO

Two new ergostane-type steroids (1 and 2) have been isolated from the fruiting body of a medicinal macro fungus Ganoderma lingzhi. The structures including the absolute configurations of them were elucidated by a combination of different spectroscopic analyses especially 13C NMR and ECD calculations. Compound 2 features an unusual 1,2-dioxolane moiety. Our bioassays revealed that the two steroids showed remarkable cytotoxicity against human A549 (lung) and MCF-7 (breast) tumor cell lines, with IC50 values ranging from 5.15 to 8.57 µg/mL.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; : 143479, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213926

RESUMO

Increasing marine litter have become a global environmental disaster. The accumulation of seafloor litter (generally includes anthropogenic litter and natural debris) could change the habitat of benthic organisms and thereby affecting their population dynamics including spatial distribution. Metridium senile fimbriatum (i.e., M. senile), a fast-growing sea anemone, has become a dominant species of benthic community in the north Yellow Sea in recent years. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the distribution of M. senile is positively correlated with that of seafloor litter, using data collected on seafloor litter and M. senile from three fisheries-independent bottom trawl surveys in the Yellow Sea in May, August and November 2019. Gradient Forest Model (GFM) was used to select appropriate response variables for characterizing the distribution of M. senile, and evaluate the influences of potential environmental factors on M. senile distribution. Surface area of anthropogenic litter (represented as 'Anthropogenic litter'), surface area of natural debris (represented as 'Natural debris') and latitude (Lat) were identified as the most significant variables influencing the distribution of M. senile. Furthermore, Generalized Additive Mixed Model (GAMM) was applied to model the abundance distribution of M. senile in terms of significant environmental variables, and evaluate its correlations with 'Anthropogenic litter' and 'Natural debris'. The best fitting GAMM showed that the abundance of M. senile has a significantly positive association with 'Anthropogenic litter' and 'Natural debris'. We therefore speculated that accumulation of seafloor litter might contribute to the bloom of M. senile, given that seafloor litter could serve as "vectors" for M. senile dispersal and provide with a preferable "natural habitat" for their settlement.

5.
Environ Pollut ; : 115121, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139099

RESUMO

Polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PBDD/Fs), as the secondary environmental pollutants of the widely used brominated flame retardants (BFRs), possess the similar physicochemical and toxic properties as polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs). However, studies on human body exposure to them are extremely limited. In this study, forty human milk samples collected in Shanghai were measured for 13 PBDD/F congeners using gas chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (GC-HRMS), to investigate their exposure level and characteristics, potential source and corresponding health risks to breastfed infants. The results showed no PBDDs but three PBDF congeners including 2,3,7,8-TBDF, 1,2,3,4,6,7,8-HpBDF and OBDF (mean concentration (detection rates) are 3.2 pg/g (72.5%), 9.5 pg/g (100%) and 28 pg/g (67.5%), respectively) were detected. The average toxic equivalent quantity (TEQ, 0.42 pg/g lw) presented the highest concentration level compared to other regions reported. The contribution of PBDFs to the total TEQ of PBDD/Fs and PCDD/Fs is 6.8%. The correlation between PBDD/Fs and age or dietary habits was not observed, which normally existed in their chlorinated analogues-PCDD/Fs. Significant correlations were observed between PBDFs and highly brominated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) (especially for BDE 183 and BDE 209). The correlation between PCDD/Fs and PBDFs was not observed except 2,3,7,8-TBDF. The high PBDFs exposure in Shanghai may originate from the emission of PBDEs and/or non-PBDE BFRs in environment, according to the consistency of the environmental data previously reported. The average estimated dietary intakes (EDI) for breastfed infants is 2.0 pg TEQ/kg·bw/day (0.13-13 pg TEQ/kg·bw/day), within the range of the tolerable daily intake (TDI) for TCDD (1-4 pg TEQ/kg·bw/day) suggested by the World Health Organization (WHO). However, given the high toxicity of PBDD/Fs, the potential health risks of these pollutants for breastfed infants should be of concern.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33206326

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a common skin disease, with chronic inflammation and a complex etiology. It has long been recognized that chronic skin conditions and mental health disorders are often co-morbid. Thus, the concept of the gut-brain-skin axis emphasized in mental health disorders may also regulate the health of skin. RESULTS: The gut microbiota has been found to be the bridge between the immune system and nervous system. By leveraging clinical cases and animal models of psoriasis, an important communication pathway has been identified along the gut-brain-skin axis that is associated with the modulation of neurotransmitters from the microbiota. Furthermore, mammalian neurotransmitters, including dopamine, serotonin, or γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), can be produced and/or consumed by several types of bacteria. Other studies suggest that manipulating these neurotransmitters by bacteria may have an effect on host physiology, and the levels of neurotransmitter can be altered by microbiota-based interventions. CONCLUSIONS: Nonetheless, it is unknown whether or not the manipulation of neurotransmitter levels by bacteria can affect the occurrence and development of psoriasis. Notably, preliminary experiments found that oral consumption of probiotics improves the clinical symptoms in patients with psoriasis, perhaps correlated with the gut microbiome-mediated crosstalk between the immune system and the nervous system by secreting neurotransmitters in psoriasis. In this review, the communication along the gut-brain-skin axis is discussed.

7.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1557, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major infectious diseases that seriously endanger people's health. In Shandong province, the relationship between the level of economic development and TB incidence has not been studied. This study aims to provide more research basis for the government to prevent and control TB by exploring the impact of different economic factors on TB incidence. METHODS: By constructing threshold regression model (TRM), we described the extent to which different economic factors contribute to TB registered incidence and differences in TB registered incidence among seventeen cities with different levels of economic development in Shandong province, China, during 2006-2017. Data were retrieved from the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention. RESULTS: Per capita medical expenditure (regression coefficient, -0.0314462; SD, 0.0079305; P > |t|, 0.000) and per capita savings (regression coefficient, 0.0001924; SD, 0.0000566; P > |t|, 0.001) passed the significance test at the level of 1%.They are the two economic indicators that have the greatest impact on TB registered incidence. Through the threshold test, we selected the per capita savings as the threshold variable. In the three stages of per capita savings (<9772.8086 China Yuan(CNY); 9772.8086-33,835.5391 CNY; >33,835.5391 CNY), rural per capita income always has a significant negative impact on the TB registered incidence (The regression coefficients are - 0.0015682, - 0.0028132 and - 0.0022253 respectively. P is 0.007,0.000 and 0.000 respectively.).In cities with good economies, TB registered incidence was 38.30% in 2006 and dropped to 25.10% by 2017. In cities with moderate economies, TB registered incidence peaked in 2008 at 43.10% and dropped to 27.1% by 2017.In poorer cities, TB registered incidence peaked in 2008 at 56.30% and dropped to 28.9% in 2017. CONCLUSION: We found that per capita savings and per capita medical expenditure are most closely related to the TB incidence. Therefore, relevant departments should formulate a more complete medical system and medical insurance policy to effectively solve the problem of "difficult and expensive medical treatment". In order to further reduce the TB incidence, in addition to timely and accurate diagnosis and treatment, it is more important for governments to increase investment in medicine and health care.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Econômico/estatística & dados numéricos , Tuberculose/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Sistema de Registros
8.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(39): 7922-7931, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001107

RESUMO

A novel method for the Rh(iii)-catalyzed oxime-directed C-H amidation of indoles with dioxazolones has been developed. This strategy provides an exclusive site selectivity and the directing group can be easily removed. This transformation features a wide substrate scope, good functional group tolerance and excellent yields, and may serve as a significant tool to construct structurally diverse indole derivatives for the screening of potential pharmaceuticals in the future.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 164: 4000-4009, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882276

RESUMO

LSD1 (KDM1A), a histone demethylase, plays important roles in breast cancer. The breast cancer patients with LSD1 mutation show significantly worse outcomes compared to those without LSD1 mutation. The R251Q mutation of LSD1 increases the invasion and migration of luminal breast cancer cells. Furthermore, the R251Q mutation of LSD1 alters the expression of genes that modulates the epithelial to mesenchymal transition. Additionally, the R251Q mutation impairs the H3K4me2 demethylation activity of LSD1 by abolishing the interaction between LSD1 and CoREST, which leads to the increased expression of TRIM37, a histone H2A ubiquitin ligase that regulates the expression of E-cadherin. Collectively, our results suggest that the R251Q mutation abolishes the tumor suppressive effects of LSD1 on luminal breast cancer cells by disrupting the formation of functional LSD1/CoREST/HDAC complexes.

10.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 401, 2020 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globally, 1 in 11 adults have diabetes mellitus, and 90% of the cases are type 2 diabetes mellitus. Insulin resistance is a central defect in type 2 diabetes mellitus, and although multiple drugs have been developed to ameliorate insulin resistance, the limitations and accompanying side effects cannot be ignored. Thus, more effective methods are required to improve insulin resistance. METHODS: In the current study, db/m and db/db mice were injected with human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUC-MSCs) via tail vein injection, intraperitoneal injection, and skeletal muscle injection. Body weight, fasting blood glucose, and the survival rates were monitored. Furthermore, the anti-insulin resistance effects and potential mechanisms of transplanted HUC-MSCs were investigated in db/db mice in vivo. RESULTS: The results showed that HUC-MSC transplantation by skeletal muscle injection was safer compared with tail vein injection and intraperitoneal injection, and the survival rate reached 100% in the skeletal muscle injection transplanted mice. HUC-MSCs can stabilize localization and differentiation in skeletal muscle tissue and significantly ameliorate insulin resistance. Potential regulatory mechanisms are associated with downregulation of inflammation, regulating the balance between PI3K/Akt and ERK/MAPK signaling pathway via PTEN, but was not associated with the IGF-1/IGF-1R signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest HUC-MSC transplantation may be a novel therapeutic direction to prevent insulin resistance and increase insulin sensitivity, and skeletal muscle injection was the safest and most effective way.

11.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 533(1): 188-194, 2020 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958245

RESUMO

AIMS: Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats develop similar prediabetes lesion characteristics, such as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), when compared with the salt resistant rat. In this study, we evaluate the risk of high glucose intake during prediabetes and reveal the metabolic pathways relevant to the pathophysiology of prediabetes to diabetes using the SS rat model and compared this with the salt-resistant consomic SS.13BN rat model. METHODS: SS rats were fed with normal chow ±10% glucose solution ad libitum for five weeks. The same experimental treatment was performed on the SS.13BN rats. Metabolites derived from the serum and liver tissue were measured through biochemical and metabolomics analyses. Multivariate, pathway enrichment, and metabolic correlation network analyses were performed based on the metabolomics data. RESULTS: Biochemical analysis revealed that serum triglyceride (TG) significantly increased with a significant decrease in serum total cholesterol (TC) after high glucose intake in the SS rat. Metabolic pathway analysis revealed that high glucose intake interfered with galactose, glyoxylate, and dicarboxylate metabolism, most evidently in the SS rat. Hepatic l-lactic acid content increased in the SS rat after high glucose intake, whereas the opposite was observed in SS.13BN rats. Metabolic correlation network analysis based on serum metabolites revealed that urea and l-valine had higher metabolic centrality in the SS rat. CONCLUSION: Our findings revealed that high glucose intake can significantly stimulate hypertriglyceridemia and reduce serum TC level. The profoundly altered metabolic pathway included galactose, glyoxylate, and dicarboxylate metabolism. l-lactic acid was screened as a biomarker in liver, whereas l-valine and urea were screened as hub metabolites in serum.

12.
Phytochem Anal ; 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32939882

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chromones are the major constituents of agarwood and are considered to be directly related to its quality. Agarotetrol, a chromone derivative, is a Chinese Pharmacopoeia content detection index. However, comprehensive high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), quantitative analysis of multiple components by a single marker (QAMS), and ultra-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) analyses of this pharmacopeial plant material have never been performed. Moreover, reports regarding the separation and detection of multiple active 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone analogues from this plant material are surprisingly scarce. OBJECTIVE: To establish a simple, reliable, and effective HPLC method utilising both diode array and MS detection for the simultaneous determination of multiple active chromone analogues in agarwood. METHODS: Four 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones were isolated from methanol extracts of agarwood. After optimising the extraction, separation, and analytical conditions, validation of the developed analytical method indicated good linearity, satisfactory precision, and good recovery. On this basis, a method for the quantitative analysis of multiple components by a single marker was established. The four 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromones were identified by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic analysis and UPLC coupled to electrospray ionisation quadrupole-time-of-flight MS. CONCLUSIONS: The behaviour of the chromones characterised by MS fragmentation indicated a loss of molecular CO and the formation of m/z 121 compounds by the cleavage of CH2 -CH2 bonds between the chromone and phenyl moieties. Three detection methods were successfully used in this study for agarwood detection, and this protocol may potentially be used as a tool for the quality control of agarwood.

13.
Phytother Res ; 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914480

RESUMO

Rosmarinic acid (RA) is a water-soluble phenolic compound extracted from Boraginaceae and Lamiaceae. This study was designed to investigate the role and mechanism of action of RA in improving nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Male SD rats maintained on a high fat diet and L02 cells stimulated with oleic acid were treated with RA. Our results showed that RA significantly reduced total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and malondialdehyde levels and increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, superoxide dismutase and adenosine triphosphate levels both in vivo and in vitro. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and oil red O staining showed that RA had a good lipid-lowering effect and substantial protective effects on liver injury. Transmission electron microscopy and JC-1 fluorescence results showed that RA could improve mitochondrial damage in hepatocytes. Additionally, flow cytometry results indicated that RA inhibited ROS generation and apoptosis in L02 cells. The impaired hepatocytes were restored by using RA in NAFLD models characterized by down-regulating YAP1 and TAZ, meanwhile up-regulating PPARγ and PGC-1α. When YAP1 was over-expressed, RA reduced the expression of YAP1; however, the action of RA was significantly blocked by silencing YAP1. The experimental results indicated that RA markedly alleviated NAFLD by repairing mitochondrial damage and regulating the YAP1/TAZ-PPARγ/PGC-1α signaling pathway.

14.
Phytopathology ; 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748735

RESUMO

Anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is one of most serious fungal diseases on Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata). Eight fungal endophytes were isolated from a young heathy branch of Chinese fir and screened against the pathogen in vitro. One isolate, designated as SMEL1 and subsequently identified as Epicoccum dendrobii based on morphological and phylogenetic analyses, suppressed mycelial growth of C. gloeosporioides on dual culture plates. Additionally, the metabolites of E. dendrobii significantly decreased the biomass of C. gloeosporioides. E. dendrobii was able to enter the internal tissues of the host plant via stomatal cells. The metabolites of E. dendrobii significantly inhibited conidial germination and appressorium formation, which at least partly explained why the endophyte significantly inhibited lesion development caused by C. gloeosporioides on various host plants. We further confirmed that some components with antifungal activity could be extracted from E. dendrobii using ethyl acetate as an organic solvent. To our knowledge, this is the first report of E. dendrobii as a potential biocontrol agent against a fungal phytopathogen.

15.
Front Oncol ; 10: 1126, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32766145

RESUMO

The abnormal m6A modification caused by m6A modulators is a common feature of various tumors; however, little is known about which m6A modulator plays the most important role in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). In this study, when analyzing the influence of m6A modulators (METTL3, METTL14, WTAP, FTO, and ALKBH5) on the prognosis of breast cancer, especially in TNBC using several on-line databases, methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) was found to have low expression in breast cancer, and was closely associated with short-distance-metastasis-free survival in TNBC. Further investigation showed that knockdown of METTL3 could enhance the ability of migration, invasion, and adhesion by decreasing m6A level in TNBC cell lines. Collagen type III alpha 1 chain (COL3A1) was identified and verified as a target gene of METTL3. METTL3 could down-regulate the expression of COL3A1 by increasing its m6A methylation, ultimately inhibiting the metastasis of TNBC cells. Finally, with immunohistochemistry staining in breast cancer tissues, it was proved that METTL3 expression was negatively correlated with COL3A1 in TNBC, but not in non-TNBC. This study demonstrated the potential mechanism of m6A modification in metastasis and provided potential targets for treatment in TNBC.

16.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 131: 110607, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841898

RESUMO

Epigenetic mechanisms, such as acetylation, methylation, and succinylation, play pivotal roles in the regulation of multiple normal biological processes, including neuron regulation, hematopoiesis, bone cell maturation, and metabolism. In addition, epigenetic mechanisms are closely associated with the pathological processes of various diseases, such as metabolic diseases, autoimmune diseases and cancers. Epigenetic changes may precede genetic mutation, so research on epigenetic changes and regulation may be important for the early detection and diagnosis of disease. Histone deacetylase11 (HDAC11) is the newest member of the histone deacetylase (HDAC) family and the only class IV histone deacetylase. HDAC11 has different expression levels and biological functions in different systems of the human body and is among the top 1 to 4% of genes overexpressed in cancers, such as breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma and renal pelvis urothelial carcinoma. This article analyzes the role and mechanism of HDAC11 in disease, especially in tumorigenesis, in an attempt to provide new ideas for clinical and basic research.

17.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32601364

RESUMO

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a progressive disease characterized by skeletal muscle atrophy, respiratory failure, and cardiomyopathy. Our previous studies have shown that transplantation with allogeneic myogenic progenitor-derived exosomes (MPC-Exo) can improve cardiac function in X-linked muscular dystrophy (Mdx) mice. In the present study we explored the molecular mechanisms underlying this beneficial effect. We quantified gene expression in the hearts of two strains of Mdx mice (D2.B10-DmdMdx/J and Utrntm1Ked-DmdMdx/J). Two days after MPC-Exo or control treatment, we performed unbiased next-generation RNA-sequencing to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in treated Mdx hearts. Venn diagrams show a set of 780 genes that were ≥2-fold upregulated, and a set of 878 genes that were ≥2-fold downregulated, in both Mdx strains following MPC-Exo treatment as compared with control. Gene ontology (GO) and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis showed that these DEGs were involved in a variety of physiological processes and pathways with a complex connection. qRT-PCR was performed to verify the upregulated ATP2B4 and Bcl-2 expression, and downregulated IL-6, MAPK8 and Wnt5a expression in MPC-Exo-treated Mdx hearts. Western blot analysis verified the increased level of Bcl-2 and decreased level of IL-6 protein in MPC-Exo-treated Mdx hearts compared with control treatment, suggesting that anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory effects might be responsible for heart function improvement by MPC-Exo. Based on these findings, we believed that these DEGs might be therapeutic targets that can be explored to develop new strategies for treating DMD.

18.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 302(3): 553-567, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643040

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) on adverse pregnancy outcomes based on the currently available evidence. METHODS: Multiple databases were comprehensively searched from the available date of inception through December 9, 2019. The effect of C. trachomatis on adverse pregnancy outcomes was assessed using pooled odds rations (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Egger's test was used for publication bias. RESULTS: Fifty studies involving 502,141 participants were identified. C. trachomatis infection was found to be associated with preterm birth in antibody detection [OR (95% CI): 1.571 (1.112-2.220), P = 0.010] and high-quality assessment [OR (95% CI): 1.734 (1.295-2.321), P < 0.001], preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) in culture detection [OR (95% CI): 4.339 (1.806-10.424), P = 0.001] and high-quality assessment [OR (95% CI): 2.822 (1.333-5.973), P = 0.007], stillbirth [OR (95% CI): 1.585 (1.219-2.062), P = 0.001], low-birthweight babies [OR (95% CI): 2.205 (1.137-4.274), P = 0.019], and babies small for gestational age [OR (95% CI): 1.193 (1.091-1.305), P < 0.001]. No publication bias was exhibited in miscarriage (P = 0.170), preterm birth (P = 0.303), PPROM (P = 0.341), stillbirth (P = 0.533), and low-birthweight babies (P = 0.535). CONCLUSIONS: C. trachomatis infection during pregnancy is associated with a higher risk of preterm birth, PPROM, stillbirth, low-birthweight babies, and babies small for gestational age.


Assuntos
Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolamento & purificação , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/epidemiologia , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Aborto Espontâneo , Infecções por Chlamydia/diagnóstico , Infecções por Chlamydia/microbiologia , Feminino , Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/microbiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/microbiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Natimorto
19.
ACS Nano ; 14(8): 9848-9860, 2020 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32658459

RESUMO

Metal carbonyl complexes can readily liberate carbon monoxide (CO) in response to activation stimulus. However, applicability of metal carbonyl complexes is limited because they are unstable under natural ambient conditions of moisture and oxygen. Reported here is the rational design of an iron carbonyl complex delivery nanosystem for the improvement of cancer therapy. We demonstrated that iron pentacarbonyl (Fe(CO)5) can be encapsulated into the cavity of a Au nanocage under an oxygen-free atmosphere and then controllably form iron oxide on the surface of the Au nanocage under aerobic conditions. The formation of iron oxide efficiently avoids the leakage and oxidation of the caged Fe(CO)5. The resulting nanomaterial exhibits excellent safety, biocompatibility, and stability, which can be specifically activated under near-infrared (NIR) irradiation within the tumor environment to generate CO and iron. The released CO causes damage to mitochondria and subsequent initiation of autophagy. More importantly, during autophagy, the nanomaterial that contains iron and iron oxide can accumulate into the autolysosome and result in its destruction. The produced CO and iron show excellent synergistic effects in cancer cells.

20.
J Ovarian Res ; 13(1): 64, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing researches have demonstrated the critical functions of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the progression of malignant tumors, including ovarian cancer. In this study, we aim to investigate abnormally expression of hsa_circ_0078607 and the role of hsa_circ_0078607 during ovarian cancer pathogenesis. METHODS: RT-PCR were used to detect the expression of circ_0078607 in ovarian cancer tissues. To determine the functional roles of circ_0078607 in ovarian cancer, cell proliferation and cell invasion assays were performed. Bioinformatics and luciferase reporter analysis were used to predict the target of circ_0078607. RESULTS: In the present study, we first found that circ_0078607 was downregulated in ovarian cancer. Forced circ_0078607 expression significantly suppressed proliferation and promoted apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells. Mechanically, bioinformatics and luciferase reporter analysis identified miR-518a-5p as a direct target of circ_0078607, while Fas as a direct target of miR-518a-5p. MiR-518a-5p negatively regulated Fas in ovarian cancer cells, while overexpression of circ_0078607 could increase the expression of Fas inhibited by miR-518a-5p. Furthermore, overexpression of circ_0078607 could inhibit the proliferation and invasion of ovarian cancer cells caused by miR-518a-5p mimic. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study revealed that circ_0078607 suppressed ovarian cancer progression by sponging oncogenic miR-518a-5p to induce Fas expression, which may provide new therapeutic approach for ovarian cancer.

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