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1.
Bioact Mater ; 19: 653-665, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35600974

RESUMO

Wound healing is one of the major global health concerns in patients with diabetes. Overactivation of pro-inflammatory M1 macrophages is associated with delayed wound healing in diabetes. miR-29ab1 plays a critical role in diabetes-related macrophage inflammation. Hence, inhibition of inflammation and regulation of miR-29 expression have been implicated as new points for skin wound healing. In this study, the traditional Chinese medicine, puerarin, was introduced to construct an injectable and self-healing chitosan@puerarin (C@P) hydrogel. The C@P hydrogel promoted diabetic wound healing and accelerated angiogenesis, which were related to the inhibition of the miR-29 mediated inflammation response. Compared to healthy subjects, miR-29a and miR-29b1 were ectopically increased in the skin wound of the diabetic model, accompanied by upregulated M1-polarization, and elevated levels of IL-1ß and TNF-α. Further evaluations by miR-29ab1 knockout mice exhibited superior wound healing and attenuated inflammation. The present results suggested that miR-29ab1 is essential for diabetic wound healing by regulating the inflammatory response. Suppression of miR-29ab1 by the C@P hydrogel has the potential for improving medical approaches for wound repair.

2.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 905902, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935790

RESUMO

Port-wine stains (PWSs) are a congenital capillary malformed disorder and are caused by a number of somatic mutations that disrupt vascular development. However, the underlying genetic mutations in the pathogenesis of PWS have not yet been fully elucidated. To understand PWS genetic variations and investigate novel genetic mutations, we extracted genomic DNA from four sporadic PWS patients and then performed whole-genome sequencing (WGS). Using Sorting Intolerant from Tolerant (SIFT), PolyPhen2, Mutation Assessor, MetaSVM to identify candidate genetic mutations and whole-exome sequencing (WES) to confirm the identified variants. We found a previously reported G protein subunit alpha q (GNAQ) mutation c.548G > A, p.Arg183Gln in one case, whereas no such mutation was found in the other three samples. Moreover, six novel somatic mutations in three genes, including KCNJ12, SLC25A5, POTEE, were found in these four samples. Importantly, WES also verified the KCNJ12 (c.433G > A, p.Gly145Ser) and SLC25A5 (c.413G > A, p.Arg138His) mutations in other five sporadic PWS patients, with the frequency of 60% (3 of 5) and 40% (2 of 5), respectively. Thus, we reveal in this study two novel somatic mutations, KCNJ12 and SLC25A5, in the sporadic PWS patients for the first time. These findings highlight the genetic polymorphism of PWS and provide potential clinical prediction targets for this disease.

3.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 946129, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35873970

RESUMO

The saline groundwater level of many supratidal wetlands is rising, which is expected to continue into the future because of sea level rise by the changing climate. Plant persistence strategies are increasingly important in the face of changing climate. However, the response of seed persistence to increasing groundwater level and salinity conditions is poorly understood despite its importance for the continuous regeneration of plant populations. Here, we determined the initial seed germinability and viability of seven species from supratidal wetlands in the Yellow River Delta and then stored the seeds for 90 days. The storage treatments consisted of two factors: groundwater level (to maintain moist and saturated conditions) and groundwater salinity (0, 10, 20, and 30 g/L). After retrieval from experimental storage, seed persistence was assessed. We verified that the annuals showed greater seed persistence than the perennials in the supratidal wetlands. Overall, seed persistence was greater after storage in saturated conditions than moist conditions. Salinity positively affected seed persistence under moist conditions. Surprisingly, we also found that higher groundwater salinity was associated with faster germination speed after storage. These results indicate that, once dispersed into habitats with high groundwater levels and high groundwater salinity in supratidal wetlands, many species of seeds may not germinate but maintain viability for some amount of time to respond to climate change.

4.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35906293

RESUMO

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited kidney disease. Cyst development in ADPKD involves abnormal epithelial cell proliferation, which is affected by the primary cilia-mediated signal transduction in the epithelial cells. Thus, primary cilium has been considered as a therapeutic target for ADPKD. Since ADPKD exhibits many pathological features similar to solid tumors, we investigated whether targeting primary cilia using anti-tumor agents could alleviate the development of ADPKD. Twenty-four natural compounds with anti-tumor activity were screened in MDCK cyst model, and 1-Indanone displayed notable inhibition on renal cyst growth without cytotoxicity. This compound also inhibited cyst development in embryonic kidney cyst model. In neonatal kidney-specific Pkd1 knockout mice, 1-Indanone remarkably slowed down kidney enlargement and cyst expansion. Furthermore, we demonstrated that 1-Indanone inhibited the abnormal elongation of cystic epithelial cilia by promoting tubulin polymerization and significantly down-regulating expression of anterograde transport motor protein KIF3A and IFT88. Moreover, we found that 1-Indanone significantly down-regulated ciliary coordinated Wnt/ß-catenin, Hedgehog signaling pathways. These results demonstrate that 1-Indanone inhibits cystic cell proliferation by reducing abnormally prolonged cilia length in cystic epithelial cells, suggesting that 1-Indanone may hold therapeutic potential to retard cyst development in ADPKD.

5.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(14)2022 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35888457

RESUMO

The time-dependent characteristics of transparent soil strength, composed of magnesium lithium phyllosilicate, is important for applying a thixotropic clay surrogate. The gas injection method was employed to obtain the strength, represented as cracking pressure, which was then correlated to variables including rest time, disturbance time, and recovery time. Three concentrations (3, 4, and 5%) were tested. The results show that the strength was directly proportional to the rest time, recovery time, and concentration while the disturbance time reversed. The calculated limit strengths for 3%, 4%, and 5% transparent soils were 3.831 kPa, 8.849 kPa, and 12.048 kPa, respectively. Experimental data also showed that the residual strength for higher concentration transparent soil was more significant than the lower ones. The elastic property immediately generated partial strength recovery after disturbance, while the viscosity property resulted in a slow recovery stage similar to the rest stage. The strength recovery rate was also sensitive to concentration. Furthermore, the strength with 3%, 4%, and 5% concentrations could regain limit values after sufficient recovery, which were calculated as 4.303 kPa, 8.255 kPa, and 14.884 kPa, respectively.

6.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 12(6): 3251-3263, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35655826

RESUMO

Background: For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients on antithrombotic therapy who are treated with microwave ablation (MWA), the transient interruption of antithrombotic agents may increase the risk of thromboembolism, and continuation of antithrombotic agents may increase the risk of intraprocedural hemorrhage. This retrospective cohort study aimed to explore the safety of MWA in patients with NSCLC on antithrombotic therapy. Methods: A total of 572 patients with NSCLC (antithrombotic therapy group: n=84, Group A; control group: n=488, Group B) who received MWA were included. Antithrombotic agent use was suspended before MWA and resumed as soon as possible after MWA. Hemorrhagic (hemothorax and hemoptysis) and thromboembolic complications (pulmonary embolism, cerebral infarction, and angina) were compared. Logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the predictors of hemorrhagic complications after MWA. Results: Hemorrhagic complications occurred in 8 participants (9.5%) from Group A and 33 participants (6.8%) from Group B, and no statistically significant difference was found (P=0.365). There were 3 participants (0.5%) who developed thromboembolic complications, including 1 case (1.2%, 1/84) of pulmonary embolism in Group A, and 2 cases (0.4%, 2/488) of cerebral infarction or angina in Group B; no significant difference was found (P=0.923). In the subgroup analyses of Group A, no statistically significant difference of hemorrhagic (P>0.999) or thromboembolic complications (P>0.999) was found between patients who received and did not receive bridging anticoagulation with heparin. Logistic regression analyses revealed that direct contact of a tumor with vessels ≥2 mm was a predictor of hemorrhagic complications [hazard ratio (HR) =2.318; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.215-4.420; P=0.011], while antithrombotic therapy was irrelevant. Conclusions: With the appropriate cessation and resumption of antithrombotic agents, patients with NSCLC on antithrombotic therapy have comparable incidence rates of hemorrhagic and thromboembolic complications after MWA to those of patients who are not on antithrombotic therapy. Therefore, with appropriate cessation, MWA appears to generally be safe for NSCLC patients on antithrombotic therapy.

7.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(6)2022 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739944

RESUMO

Placental oxidative stress has been implicated as a main risk factor for placental dysfunction. Alleviation of oxidative stress and enhancement of antioxidant capacity of porcine trophectoderm (PTr2) cells are effective means to maintaining normal placental function. The present study was conducted to evaluate the protective effect of melatonin (MT) on H2O2-induced oxidative damage in PTr2 cells. Our data revealed that pretreatment with MT could significantly improve the decrease in cell viability induced by H2O2, and reduce intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and the ratio of apoptotic cells. Here, we compared the transcriptomes of untreated versus melatonin-treated PTr2 cells by RNA-seq analysis and found that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were highly enriched in the Wnt signaling, TGF-beta signaling and mTOR signaling pathways. Moreover, pretreatment with MT upregulated the antioxidant-related genes such as early growth response3 (EGR3), WAP four-disulfide core domain1 (WFDC1), heme oxygenase1 (HMOX1) and vimentin (VIM). These findings reveal that melatonin protects PTr2 cells from H2O2-induced oxidative stress damage.

8.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35718341

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to prove the hypothesis that neurolysis based on ethanol injection in combination with iodine-125 (125I) radioactive seed implantation could prolong the nerve regeneration time compared with that based on ethanol injection alone. The grade of nerve injury was assessed for both methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty female rabbits (mean weight, 2.8 kg ± 0.2) were randomly assigned to group A (neurolysis of the left brachial plexus nerve based on ethanol injection in combination with 125I radioactive seed implantation, n = 10) and group B (neurolysis using ethanol injection alone, n = 10). The right brachial plexus nerve was used as a control. Injury and regeneration of the brachial plexus nerve were analyzed using electromyography. Statistical tests were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test and repeated-measures analysis of variance. The results were verified with histopathological examinations. RESULTS: The overall postprocedural amplitude was significantly lower in group A than in group B (P = .01), particularly in the second month after the procedure (P = .036). However, no statistical difference in latency was observed between the 2 groups (P = .103). Histopathological examination of both groups revealed Sunderland third-degree peripheral nerve injury (PNI), which was mainly characterized by axonal disintegration. The degree of nerve regeneration was significantly lower in group A than in group B. CONCLUSIONS: Neurolysis based on ethanol injection in combination with 125I radioactive seed implantation can prolong the nerve regeneration time compared with that based on ethanol injection alone, although both methods resulted in Sunderland third-degree PNI.

9.
Food Chem ; 394: 133541, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35759835

RESUMO

In this study, HS-SPME/GC-MS based untargeted and targeted flavoromics combing with olfactometry were employed to uncover aroma boundary compositions of five types of commercial barley malts with a wide range of Lovibond (L), including kilned base malts (1.8 L and 3.5 L) and roasted caramel malts (10 L, 60 L, and 120 L). Thirty-two compounds were identified as aroma-active with modified detection frequency (MF) > 50%. 3-Methylbutanal (malty), (2E)-nonenal (fatty, cardboard-like), and 2-furfural (burnt, bready) were recognized as the most influential odorants with MF > 70% in all the malts. After untargeted flavoromics, twenty-eight aromas were retained and quantitated. Furthermore, aroma boundary compositions inside/among malt groups were explored with PLS-DA. Eight aroma markers, 3-methylbutanal, 2-isopropyl-5-methyl-2-hexenal, (2E,4E)-Decadienal, 2-furfual, maltol, 2-acetylpyrrole, phenylacetaldehyde, and ethyl hexadecanoate were shortlisted for aroma boundary compositions regarding to the Lovibond of malts.


Assuntos
Hordeum , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Odorantes/análise , Olfatometria , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
10.
Front Immunol ; 13: 843684, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35651617

RESUMO

Background: Candida albicans infections are particularly prevalent in immunocompromised patients. Even with appropriate treatment with current antifungal drugs, the mortality rate of invasive candidiasis remains high. Many positive results have been achieved in the current vaccine development. There are also issues such as the vaccine's protective effect is not persistent. Considering the functionality and cost of the vaccine, it is important to develop safe and efficient new vaccines with long-term effects. In this paper, an antifungal nanovaccine with Polyethyleneimine (PEI) as adjuvant was constructed, which could elicit more effective and long-term immunity via stimulating B cells to differentiate into long-lived plasma cells. Materials and Methods: Hsp90-CTD is an important target for protective antibodies during disseminated candidiasis. Hsp90-CTD was used as the antigen, then introduced SDS to "charge" the protein and added PEI to form the nanovaccine. Dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscope were conducted to identify the size distribution, zeta potential, and morphology of nanovaccine. The antibody titers in mice immunized with the nanovaccine were measured by ELISA. The activation and maturation of long-lived plasma cells in bone marrow by nanovaccine were also investigated via flow cytometry. Finally, the kidney of mice infected with Candida albicans was stained with H&E and PAS to evaluate the protective effect of antibody in serum produced by immunized mice. Results: Nanoparticles (NP) formed by Hsp90-CTD and PEI are small, uniform, and stable. NP had an average size of 116.2 nm with a PDI of 0.13. After immunizing mice with the nanovaccine, it was found that the nano-group produced antibodies faster and for a longer time. After 12 months of immunization, mice still had high and low levels of antibodies in their bodies. Results showed that the nanovaccine could promote the differentiation of B cells into long-lived plasma cells and maintain the long-term existence of antibodies in vivo. After immunization, the antibodies in mice could protect the mice infected by C. albicans. Conclusion: As an adjuvant, PEI can promote the differentiation of B cells into long-lived plasma cells to maintain long-term antibodies in vivo. This strategy can be adapted for the future design of vaccines.


Assuntos
Polietilenoimina , Vacinas , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Adjuvantes Farmacêuticos , Animais , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Candida albicans , Candidíase , Humanos , Camundongos
11.
Phytomedicine ; 102: 154153, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35636166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cytokine storm (CS) triggered by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused serious harm to health of humanity and huge economic burden to the world, and there is a lack of effective methods to treat this complication. PURPOSE: In this research, we used network pharmacology and molecular docking to reveal the interaction mechanism in the glycyrrhetinic acid (GA) for the treatment of CS, and validated the effect of GA intervention CS by experiments. STUDY DESIGN: First, we screened corresponding target of GA and CS from online databases, and obtained the action target genes through the Venn diagram. Then, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, Gene ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment of the action target genes were acquired by R language to predict its mechanism. Next, molecular docking was performed on core targets. Finally, experiments in which GA intervened in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced CS were implemented. RESULTS: 84 action target genes were obtained from online database. The PPI network of target genes showed that TNF, IL6, MAPK3, PTGS2, ESR1 and PPARG were considered as the core genes. The results of GO and KEGG showed that action target genes were closely related to inflammatory and immune related signaling pathways, such as TNF signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, Human cytomegalovirus infection, PPAR signaling pathway and so on. Molecule docking results prompted that GA had fine affinity with IL6 and TNF proteins. Finally, in vivo and in vitro experimental results showed that GA could significantly inhibit LPS-induced CS. CONCLUSION: GA has a potential inhibitory effect on CS, which is worthy of further exploration.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ácido Glicirretínico , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Ácido Glicirretínico/farmacologia , Ácido Glicirretínico/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Lipopolissacarídeos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
12.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 35(3): 215-224, 2022 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35317901

RESUMO

Objective: To develop effective alternatives to natural enzymes, it is crucial to develop nanozymes that are economical, resource efficient, and environmentally conscious. Carbon nanomaterials that have enzyme-like activities have been extensively developed as substitutes for traditional enzymes. Methods: Carbide-derived carbons (CDCs) were directly synthesized via a one-step electrochemical method from a MAX precursor using an ammonium bifluoride electrolyte at ambient conditions. The CDCs were characterized by systematic techniques. Results: CDCs showed bienzyme-like activities similar to that of peroxidase and superoxide dismutase. We systematically studied the dependence of CDC enzyme-like activity on different electrolytes and electrolysis times to confirm activity dependence on CDC content. Additionally, the synthesis mechanism and CDC applicability were elaborated and demonstrated, respectively. Conclusion: The demonstrated synthesis strategy eliminates tedious intercalation and delamination centrifugation steps and avoids using high concentrations of HF, high temperatures, and halogen gases. This study paves the way for designing two-dimensional material-based nanocatalysts for nanoenzyme and other applications.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio/síntese química , Carbono/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Enzimas , Fluoretos/síntese química , Nanoestruturas , Oxirredução , Humanos
13.
Neoplasma ; 69(2): 484-490, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35263992

RESUMO

This study was conducted to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of breast cancer and lung cancer (BC-LC) and provide a theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of BC-LC in clinical work. A retrospective study was conducted on breast cancer (BC) patients in our center from September 2009 to November 2020. The patients were divided into the BC-LC group and the control group. The control group was matched with both, the age at diagnosis and the time of surgery (±1 year). The clinicopathological factors, overall survival (OS), and hazard ratios (HRs) were evaluated by SPSS. A total of 19,807 BC patients were identified, among whom 124 (0.6%) had lung cancer (LC). Larger BC tumor was the only independent risk factor (OR=2.454, p<0.001) for development of LC in BC patients. We found inferior survival in patients with synchronous versus metachronous BC-LC (p=0.008). We also identified combined with hypertension (HR=3.917, p=0.003) was an independent prognostic factor for inferior OS. Therefore, BC patients with larger tumors need close follow-up. Effective prevention and active treatment of hypertension can improve the OS of BC-LC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(13): 15678-15686, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35321545

RESUMO

Elastomer fiber mat sensors, which are capable of perceiving mechanical stimuli, temperature, and vapor of chemicals, are highly desirable for designing wearable electronics and human-robot interfacing devices due to good wearability, skin affinity, and durability, and so on. However, it is still challenging to fabricate multiresponsive flexible wearable sensors with three-dimensional (3D) architecture using simple material and structure design. Herein, we report an all-in-one multiresponsive thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) nanofiber mat sensors composed of crimped elastomer fibers with deposited platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) on the fiber surface. The 1D TPU nanofibers could be transferred to nanofibers with different 3D nanofiber architectures by controllable macromolecular chain relaxation of aligned elastomer polymers upon poor solvent annealing. The conductive networks of PtNPs on wavy TPU fibers enable the sensor susceptible to multiple stimuli like strain/pressure, humidity, and organic vapors. Besides, the 3D nanofiber architectures allow the strain sensor to detect wider tensile strain and pressure with higher sensitivity due to delicate fiber morphology and structure control. Therefore, this work provides new insights into the fabrication of multifunctional flexible sensors with 3D architecture in an easy way, advancing the establishment of a multiple signal monitoring platform for the health care and human-machine interfacing.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanofibras , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Condutividade Elétrica , Humanos , Nanofibras/química , Platina
16.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(2): e0010191, 2022 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35192629

RESUMO

Leptospirosis is a fatal zoonosis caused by contact between skin or a mucosal surface and contaminated soil or water. Hamsters were infected by intraperitoneal injection fto establish experimental leptospirosis, which is not a natural route of infection. There are no reports of nasal mucosal infection in hamsters. In this study, infection of the nasal mucosa was performed to establish a model of natural infection. Both methods of infection can cause lethal models with similar symptoms in the later stages of infection, such as weight loss, blood concentration, increased neutrophils (GRAN), and decreased lymphocytes (LYM) in the blood, severe organ damage and liver function obstruction. The burden of Leptospira in the organs and blood was lower in the mucosal inoculation groups at 1 day after infection. However, mucosal infection induced a higher Leptospira burden in urine than intraperitoneal infection in the late stages of infection. After nasal mucosal infection, antibody levels were higher and lasted longer. These results indicated that the route of nasal mucosal infection is a good choice for studying leptospirosis in hamsters.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Leptospira/fisiologia , Leptospirose/microbiologia , Mucosa Nasal/microbiologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Cricetinae , Feminino , Humanos , Leptospira/imunologia , Leptospirose/sangue , Leptospirose/mortalidade , Fígado/microbiologia
17.
Open Med (Wars) ; 17(1): 119-123, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35071773

RESUMO

Bilateral medial medullary infarction (BMMI) is an extremely rare type of cerebrovascular accident often resulting in poor functional consequences. "Heart appearance" on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the unique presentation of BMMI. In this article, we present an acute ischemic stroke patient whose brain MRI showed the atypical "heart appearance" sign, manifested unusual bilateral central facial paralysis concurrently. For an early diagnosis of BMMI, it is essential to recognize the characteristic clinical and MRI findings of this rare type of stroke. Abnormal small dot or linear DWI signal at the midline of the brainstem should not be ignored at the early stage of stroke.

18.
Chem Asian J ; 17(6): e202101343, 2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35080132

RESUMO

Developing non-precious metal catalysts towards hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is of both high scientific and technical importance for the widespread application of water electrolysis. Herein, Ni2 P nanoparticles coated with a ultrathin N-doped carbon shell were prepared as a highly efficient HER catalyst. Ni2 P@CN exhibits both enhanced catalytic activity and durability in comparison with the carbon-supported Ni2 P counterpart, and represents 100% faradaic yield for HER in an acidic medium. The improved charge transfer of N-doped graphitic carbon shells contributes to the increase in activity. Meanwhile, the carbon shells suppress the aggregation and exfoliation of Ni2 P nanoparticles. As a result, the synergistic role of the N-doped carbon layer confers the Ni2 P cores with boosted activity and stability.

19.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; 62(7): 1971-1989, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226273

RESUMO

Traditional fermented soybean food has emerged as an important part of people's dietary structure because of the unique flavors and improved health benefit. During fermentation, the nutrients in soybean undergo a series of biochemical reactions catalyzed naturally by microorganism secreted enzymes. Thereafter, many functional and bioactive substances such as bioactive peptides, unsaturated fatty acids, free soy isoflavones, vitamins and minerals are produced, making fermented soy products more advantageous in nutrition and health. This review comprehensively discusses the historical evolution, distribution, traditional fermentation processing, main sources and characteristics of fermented strains, flavor components, nutritional properties, and biological activities of four traditional fermented soybean foods including douchi, sufu, dajiang, and soy sauce. In the end, we introduce four major challenges encountered by traditional fermented soybean foods including high salt content, formation of biogenic amine, the presence of pathogenic microorganisms and mycotoxins, and quality inconsistency. We conclude that the establishment of scientific quality standard and innovated fermentation processing is the potential solutions to combat the issues and improve the safety of traditional fermented soybean products.


Assuntos
Alimentos de Soja , Fermentação , Humanos , Nutrientes , Soja/química
20.
Front Oncol ; 12: 851830, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35371971

RESUMO

Purpose: To compare the outcomes of drug-eluting bead bronchial arterial chemoembolization (DEB-BACE) with and without microwave ablation (MWA) for the treatment of advanced and standard treatment-refractory/ineligible non-small cell lung cancer (ASTRI-NSCLC). Materials and Methods: A total of 77 ASTRI-NSCLC patients who received DEB-BACE combined with MWA (group A; n = 28) or DEB-BACE alone (group B; n = 49) were included. Clinical outcomes were compared between groups A and B. Kaplan-Meier methods were used to compare the median progression-free survival (PFS) or overall survival (OS) between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards analyses were used to investigate the predictors of OS for ASTRI-NSCLC treated with DEB-BACE. Results: No severe adverse event was found in both groups. Pneumothorax was the predominant MWA-related complication in group A, with an incidence rate of 32.1% (9/28). Meanwhile, no significant difference was found in DEB-BACE-related complications between groups A and B. The overall disease control rate (DCR) was 61.0% (47/77), with a significantly higher DCR in group A (85.7% vs. 46.9%, P = 0.002). The median PFS in groups A and B was 7.0 and 4.0 months, respectively, with a significant difference (P = 0.037). The median OS in groups A and B was both 8.0 months, with no significant difference (P = 0.318). The 6-month PFS and OS rates in groups A and B were 75.0% and 78.6%, 22.4% and 59.2%, respectively, while the 12-month PFS and OS rates in groups A and B were 17.9% and 28.6%, 14.3% and 22.4%, respectively. Of these, a significantly higher 6-month PFS rate was found in group A (75.0% vs. 22.4%; P < 0.001). The cycles of DEB-BACE/bronchial artery infusion chemotherapy [hazard ratio (HR): 0.363; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.202-0.655; P = 0.001] and postoperative immunotherapy (HR: 0.219; 95% CI: 0.085-0.561; P = 0.002) were identified as the predictors of OS in ASTRI-NSCLC treated with DEB-BACE. Conclusion: MWA sequentially combined with DEB-BACE was superior to DEB-BACE alone in the local control of ASTRI-NSCLC. Although the combination therapy reveals a trend of prolonging the OS, long-term prognosis warrants an investigation with a longer follow-up.

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