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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 805: 150368, 2022 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543792

RESUMO

Glyphosate (GLY), a ubiquitous environmental pollutant, can result in gut microbiota dysbiosis intimately involving various diseases. The latest research has shown an association between gut microbiota alteration and defective spermatogenesis. Here, we aimed to investigate whether GLY-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis contributed to male reproductive toxicity. Data showed that GLY-exposed rats exhibited male reproductive dysfunction, evidenced by impaired testis architectural structure, reduced sperm motility, together with increased sperm malformation ratio. 16S rDNA sequencing analysis indicated that GLY exposure altered the composition of gut commensal microbiota, of which the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes phyla was significantly changed. Unexpectedly, the increased abundance of Prevotella_1 and Bacteroides genera was negatively correlated with sperm quality. Mechanistically, the pathological changes in GLY-exposed testis were accompanied by the increased interleukin (IL)-17A production, probably due to gut microbes-derived Th17 cell migration. Furthermore, activation of IL-17A signaling triggered testicular oxidative damage. Taken together, these findings uncover an underlying mechanistic scenario that gut microbiota dysbiosis-driven local IL-17A production is one reason responsible for male reproductive toxicity induced by GLY, which provides new insights into the male reproductive toxicity of GLY in mammals.


Assuntos
Disbiose , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Disbiose/induzido quimicamente , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Glicina/toxicidade , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Ratos , Motilidade Espermática
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735679

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to explore whether or not the combined application of BS15 and H2 is capable to have a more effective control effect on SNE in broilers. A total of 240 1-day-old female chickens were randomly divided into 5 groups: (a) basal diet in negative control group (NC group); (b) basal diet + SNE infection (coccidiosis vaccine + CP) (PC group); (c) basal diet + SNE infection + H2 pre-treatment (BT group); (d) basal diet + SNE infection + BS15 pre-treatment (LT group); and (e) basal diet + SNE infection + H2 pre-treatment + BS15 pre-treatment (MT group). The results showed the MT group had the most positive effect on inhibiting the negative effect of growth performance at 42 days of age. In the detection of the NC, PC, and MT group indicators at 28 days of age, we found that MT group significantly promoted ileum tissue development of broilers, and the ileum of broilers in the MT group formed a flora structure different from NC and PC, although it was found that the MT group had no effect on the butyrate level in the cecum, but it could affect the serum immune level, such as significantly reducing the level of pro-inflammatory cytokine IL-8 and increasing the content of immunoglobulin IgM and IgG. In conclusion, the composite preparation of Lactobacillus johnsonii BS15 and Bacillus licheniformis H2 could effectively improve the growth performance against SNE broilers, which is possibly caused by the improvement of the immune levels, the reduction of inflammation levels, and the promotion of the intestinal development.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(20): 5418-5427, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738445

RESUMO

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Yangxin Dingji Capsules in the treatment of arrhythmia. PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, CBM and Wanfang databases were electronically retrieved to collect randomized controlled trial(RCT) on the efficacy of Yangxin Dingji Capsules in the treatment of arrhythmia from the time of database establishment to October 20 th, 2020. Two reviewers independently screened out the literatures, input the data, and evaluated the literature quality of the included studies. RevMan 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis. A total of 127 studies were retrieved, and 15 articles were included after screening, involving 1 371 cases, with 685 cases in the treatment group and 686 cases in the control group. Yangxin Dingji Capsules combined with anti-arrhythmia western medicine was adopted for intervention in the treatment group, while the patients in the control group were treated with the anti-arrhythmia western medicine alone. Meta-analysis results showed that in arrhythmia patients, the combination of Yangxin Dingji Capsules and conventional western medicine significantly increased the clinical efficacy(RR=1.23, 95%CI[1.17, 1.30], P<0.000 01)and left ventricular ejection fraction(MD=4.31, 95%CI[3.10, 5.52], P<0.000 01), reduced heart rate(MD=-3.79, 95%CI[-7.42,-0.15], P=0.04), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter(MD=-7.06, 95%CI[-11.91,-2.21],P=0.004), left ventricular end-systolic diameter(MD=-4.78, 95%CI[-6.63,-2.93],P<0.000 01), N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide precursor(MD=-200.51, 95%CI[-254.52,-146.51], P<0.000 01)and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein(MD=-1.74, 95%CI[-3.23,-0.24], P=0.02), all with statistically significant differences. Compared with the control group, Yangxin Dingji Capsules had fewer adverse reactions(RR=0.53, 95%CI[0.36, 0.79], P=0.002). The existing evidences showed that Yangxin Dingji Capsules had certain effect in the treatment of arrhythmia, with a safety. However, due to the limitation in sample size, outcome measures and quality of the included studies, more high-quality studies are required to verify the above conclusion.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Bradicardia , Cápsulas , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
5.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 7(11)2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829228

RESUMO

Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the most widespread trichothecene mycotoxins in contaminated cereal products. DON plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of Fusarium graminearum, but the molecular mechanisms of DON underlying Fusarium-wheat interactions are not yet well understood. In this study, a novel wheat ADP-ribosylation factor-like protein 6-interacting protein 4 gene, TaArl6ip4, was identified from DON-treated wheat suspension cells by suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH). The qRT-PCR result suggested that TaArl6ip4 expression is specifically activated by DON in both the Fusarium intermediate susceptible wheat cultivar Zhengmai9023 and the Fusarium resistant cultivar Sumai3. The transient expression results of the TaARL6IP4::GFP fusion protein indicate that TaArl6ip4 encodes a plasma membrane and nucleus-localized protein. Multiple sequence alignment using microscale thermophoresis showed that TaARL6IP4 comprises a conserved DON binding motif, 67HXXXG71, and exhibits DON affinity with a dissociation constant (KD) of 91 ± 2.6 µM. Moreover, TaARL6IP4 exhibited antifungal activity with IC50 values of 22 ± 1.5 µM and 25 ± 2.6 µM against Fusarium graminearum and Alternaria alternata, respectively. Furthermore, TaArl6ip4 interacted with the plasma membrane of Fusarium graminearum spores, resulting in membrane disruption and the leakage of cytoplasmic materials. The heterologous over-expression of TaArl6ip4 conferred greater DON tolerance and Fusarium resistance in Arabidopsis. Finally, we describe a novel DON-induced wheat gene, TaArl6ip4, exhibiting antifungal function and DON affinity that may play a key role in Fusarium-wheat interactions.

6.
Plant Mol Biol ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596817

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: GhDRP1 acts as a negatively regulator to participate in response to drought stress possibly by modulating ABA signaling pathway and flavonoid biosynthesis pathway which affects stomata movement and thus water loss, ROS scavenging enzymes, and proline accumulation in cotton. Type-2C protein phosphatases (PP2C) may play important roles in plant stress signal transduction. Here, we show the evidence that a cotton PP2C protein GhDRP1 participates in plant response to drought stress. GhDRP1 gene encodes an active type-2C protein phosphatase (PP2C) and its expression is significantly induced in cotton by drought stress. Compared with wild type, the GhDRP1 overexpression (OE) transgenic cotton and Arabidopsis displayed reduced drought tolerance, whereas GhDRP1-silenced (RNAi) cotton showed enhanced drought tolerance. Under drought stress, malondialdehyde content was lower, whereas superoxide dismutase and peroxidase activities, proline content, stomata closure and relative water content were higher in GhDRP1 RNAi plants compared with those in wild type. In contrast, GhDRP1 OE plants showed the opposite phenotype under the same conditions. Expression levels of some stress-related and flavonoid biosynthesis-related genes were altered in GhDRP1 transgenic plants under drought stress. Additionally, GhDRP1 protein could interact with other proteins such as PYLs, SNF1-related protein kinase and GLK1-like protein. Collectively, these data suggest that GhDRP1 participates in plant response to drought stress possibly by modulating ABA signaling pathway and flavonoid biosynthesis pathway which affects stomata movement and thus water loss, ROS scavenging enzymes, and proline accumulation in cotton.

7.
Front Oncol ; 11: 765484, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671565

RESUMO

A growing number of evidence have demonstrated the involvement of enhancer RNAs (eRNAs) in tumor progression. However, the possible functions of eRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain largely unclear. Our present research aimed to screen critical eRNAs and to further delve into the clinical significance of eRNAs in HCC patients. In this study, we identified 124 prognosis-related eRNAs by analyzing The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets. Among them, SPRY4 antisense RNA 1 (SPRY4-AS1) may be a key eRNA involved in HCC progression. SPRY4 was a regulatory target of SPRY4-AS1. High SPRY4-AS1 expression was associated with poor prognosis of HCC patients. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) assays revealed that the mainly enriched biological process included Human papillomavirus infection, Hippo signaling pathway, and Proteoglycans in cancer. Besides, RT-PCR and immunohistochemical staining confirmed SPRY4-AS1 as an overexpressed eRNA in HCC specimens. The pan-cancer assays revealed that SPRY4-AS1 was associated with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC), brain lower grade glioma (LGG) and mesothelioma(MESO). Positive associations were observed between SPRY4-AS1 and SPRY4 (its target gene) in 16 tumor types. Collectively, our findings reveal a novel eRNA SPRY4-AS1 for HCC progression and suggest that SPRY4-AS1 may be a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for HCC.

8.
Front Immunol ; 12: 751688, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691066

RESUMO

The 5' end of the flavivirus genome contains a type 1 cap structure formed by sequential N-7 and 2'-O methylations by viral methyltransferase (MTase). Cap methylation of flavivirus genome is an essential structural modification to ensure the normal proliferation of the virus. Tembusu virus (TMUV) (genus Flavivirus) is a causative agent of duck egg drop syndrome and has zoonotic potential. Here, we identified the in vitro activity of TMUV MTase and determined the effect of K61-D146-K182-E218 enzymatic tetrad on N-7 and 2'-O methylation. The entire K61-D146-K182-E218 motif is essential for 2'-O MTase activity, whereas N-7 MTase activity requires only D146. To investigate its phenotype, the single point mutation (K61A, D146A, K182A or E218A) was introduced into TMUV replicon (pCMV-Rep-NanoLuc) and TMUV infectious cDNA clone (pACYC-TMUV). K-D-K-E mutations reduced the replication ability of replicon. K61A, K182A and E218A viruses were genetically stable, whereas D146A virus was unstable and reverted to WT virus. Mutant viruses were replication and virulence impaired, showing reduced growth and attenuated cytopathic effects and reduced mortality of duck embryos. Molecular mechanism studies showed that the translation efficiency of mutant viruses was inhibited and a higher host innate immunity was induced. Furthermore, we found that the translation inhibition of MTase-deficient viruses was caused by a defect in N-7 methylation, whereas the absence of 2'-O methylation did not affect viral translation. Taken together, our data validate the debilitating mechanism of MTase-deficient avian flavivirus and reveal an important role for cap-methylation in viral translation, proliferation, and escape from innate immunity.

9.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 41(5): 732-738, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708631

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of quercetin, oleanolic acid, icariin and their compatibility on the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats cultured with high glucose medium and the possible mechanism. METHODS: The extracts were purchased from China Food and Drug Control Institute and Sellect. Hippocampus was obtained from newborn 24 h SD rats. After culturing the hippocampus in different medium for 72 h, flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons, and Western blot was utilized to test the expressions of p-p38, p38, p-c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and JNK. RESULTS: Compared with the control group (CG), the neuronal apoptosis rate and the ratios of p-p38/p38 and p-JNK/JNK were significantly increased in the high glucose group (GG) (P < 0.01); Compared with the GG, the apoptosis rate and the ratios of p-p38/p38 and p-JNK/JNK were significantly decreased in other drug groups (P < 0.01); Compared with the monomer groups respectively, the apoptosis rate and the ratios of p-p38/p38 and p-JNK/JNK in the two-drug groups and the three-drug group all decreased (P < 0.01); Compared with the two-drug groups, the neuronal apoptosis rate and the ratio of p-JNK/JNK of the three-drug group decreased (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Under the condition of high glucose, the quercetin, oleanolic acid and icariin can alleviate the apoptosis of hippocampus neurons, reduce the phosphorylation of p38 and JNK in p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases and JNK signaling pathway. And the efficacy of the three drugs in combination with each other can be strengthened.

10.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 78(23): 7087-7105, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605973

RESUMO

Transfer RNAs (tRNAs) harbor the most diverse posttranscriptional modifications. Among such modifications, those in the anticodon loop, either on nucleosides or base groups, compose over half of the identified posttranscriptional modifications. The derivatives of modified nucleotides and the crosstalk of different chemical modifications further add to the structural and functional complexity of tRNAs. These modifications play critical roles in maintaining anticodon loop conformation, wobble base pairing, efficient aminoacylation, and translation speed and fidelity as well as mediating various responses to different stress conditions. Posttranscriptional modifications of tRNA are catalyzed mainly by enzymes and/or cofactors encoded by nuclear genes, whose mutations are firmly connected with diverse human diseases involving genetic nervous system disorders and/or the onset of multisystem failure. In this review, we summarize recent studies about the mechanisms of tRNA modifications occurring at tRNA anticodon loops. In addition, the pathogenesis of related disease-causing mutations at these genes is briefly described.

11.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581938

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of Tangshen Formula (, TSF), a Chinese herbal medicine, on interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in the colon of diabetic rats. METHODS: Fifty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control (NC, n=14) and high-fat diet (HFD) groups (n=40). After 6 weeks, the rats in the HFD group were injected intraperitoneally streptozotocin once (30 mg/kg). Thirty rats with fasting blood glucose higher than 11.7 mmol/L were randomly divided into diabetes (DM) and TSF groups, 15 rats in each group. Rats in the NC and DM groups were intragastrically administered with saline, and those in the TSF group were given with TSF (2.4 g/kg) once daily for 20 weeks. Expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, and caspase-3 in colonic smooth muscle layer were measured by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. The number of ICC was determined by immunohistochemical staining. Immunofluorescence was used for analyzing the ratio of classically activated macrophages (M1) and alternatively activated macrophages (M2) to total macrophages. Electron microscopy was used to observe the epithelial ultrastructure and junctions. RESULTS: TSF appeared to partially prevented loss of ICC in DM rats (P<0.05). Compared with the NC group, expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and TNF-α as well as the ratio of M1 to total macrophages increased in DM rats (all P<0.05), and the ratio of M2 to total macrophages decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the DM group, TSF decreased the expression levels of abovementioned proteins and restore M2 to total macrophages ratio (P<0.05 or P<0.01). TSF appeared to attenuate the ultrastructural changes of epithelia and improve the tight and desmosome junctions between epithelia reduced in the DM rats. CONCLUSION: Reduced number of ICC in DM rats may be associated with damage of the intestinal barrier. The protective effects of TSF on ICC may be through repair of the epithelial junctions, which attenuates inflammation and inflammation-initiated apoptosis in colon of DM rats.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(10): 4582-4592, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581100

RESUMO

Topography not only has an effect on the spatial distribution of pollutants by restricting populations and industrial activities, but also affects the formation, transmission, accumulation, diffusion, and sedimentation of PM2.5. Topography is, therefore, an essential variable for understanding the spatial distribution of PM2.5, especially in basin areas. Based on gridded data and both natural and human indexes, this paper examines orographic effects on the distribution of PM2.5 on the Fen-Wei Plain based on the change point method, regression, the geographical detector method, and bivariate spatial autocorrelation. The results indicate that:① The relief amplitude of the plain is generally lower in its central part than at its edge, which is similar to the attitudinal distribution in this region; ② The distribution of PM2.5 is negatively related to relief amplitude, with high concentrations in central area and lower concentrations at the edge; ③ Based on the geographical detector analysis, PM2.5 patterns in this region are shaped by human factors including population, gross domestic product(GDP), and energy consumption, as well as natural factors including meteorological conditions and vegetation; and ④ Topography has a significant effect on both human and natural factors; an increase of relief amplitude is associated with a decrease in population, GDP, and energy consumption based on power function. Accordingly, temperature goes down linearly; precipitation, relative moisture, and wind speed increase linearly; and the vegetation index increases based on a logarithmic function.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise , Análise Espacial , Vento
13.
Opt Lett ; 46(18): 4698-4701, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525085

RESUMO

We investigate the multipartite entanglement and quantum criticality of neutral atoms on a two-dimensional square lattice, interacting via laser excitation to atom Rydberg states. It is found that the first derivative of residual entanglement with respect to detuning has peaks near the critical point, and corresponding critical behaviors are shown to obey conventional finite-sized scaling, from which we numerically determine the quantum critical point and the critical exponent of the associated correlation length. We also show that there is a sharp peak in the fidelity susceptibility near the critical point, and the critical exponent of the associated correlation length is obtained based on the finite size analysis.

14.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 672187, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513757

RESUMO

Zellweger spectrum disorder (ZSD) is a heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive disorders characterized by a defect in peroxisome formation and attributable to mutations in the PEX gene family. Patients with ZSD have profound neurologic impairments, including seizures, severe retardation, and dysmorphic features, and poor prognosis. Currently, there is no specific, effective treatment. Here, we investigated the effects of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) on PEX1-related ZSD. The suspected clinical proband was first diagnosed at the Department of Neurology of our hospital. The proband died soon after diagnosis, and his family was studied. We found that a brother had the same genetic alterations, and he was diagnosed with Infantile Refsum disease (IRD) as the mildest form of ZSD. We implemented treatment with allo-HSCT, at the request of the child's parents. After transplantation, we observed significant improvements in the clinical manifestations, very-long-chain fatty acids, and brain MRI. The patient has recovered well and not showed any abnormal clinical manifestations after 2 years of follow-up. We have achieved satisfactory short-term results in the treatment of ZSD-IRD with allo-HSCT. Long-term follow-up and observation will be performed to determine the long-term prognosis.

15.
16.
Lancet Haematol ; 8(10): e688-e699, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-dose dexamethasone is the standard initial treatment for patients with immune thrombocytopenia, but many patients still relapse and require further treatments. All-trans retinoic acid has been shown to exert immunomodulatory effects and promote thrombopoiesis, and so we aimed to assess the activity and safety of all-trans retinoic acid plus high-dose dexamethasone as a first-line treatment for newly diagnosed patients with immune thrombocytopenia. METHODS: This multicentre, open-label, randomised, controlled, phase 2 trial was done at six different tertiary medical centres in China. Eligible participants were adults (aged >18 years) with treatment-naive, newly diagnosed, primary immune thrombocytopenia who had either a platelet count of less than 30 × 109 platelets per L or a platelet count of less than 50 × 109 platelets per L and clinically significant bleeding. We randomly assigned (1:1) participants to receive either all-trans retinoic acid (10 mg orally twice daily for 12 weeks) plus high-dose dexamethasone (40 mg/day intravenously for 4 consecutive days) or high-dose dexamethasone alone using a central, web-based randomisation system. If patients did not respond by day 14, the 4-day course of dexamethasone was repeated. The primary endpoint was 6-month sustained response, defined as the maintenance of a platelet count of at least 30 × 109 platelets per L and at least 2-times higher than the baseline count and the absence of bleeding, with no need for rescue medication at this time. The primary endpoint was analysed by intention-to-treat and safety was assessed in all participants who received at least one dose of the study drug. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04217148, and is now completed. FINDINGS: Between Jan 1, 2020, and June 30, 2020, 132 patients were randomly assigned to either all-trans retinoic acid plus high-dose dexamethasone (n=66) or high-dose dexamethasone alone (n=66). Three patients did not receive their allocated treatment, leaving 129 in the safety analysis set. At 6 months, a significantly higher proportion of participants in the all-trans retinoic acid plus high-dose dexamethasone group (45 [68%] of 66) than in the high-dose dexamethasone monotherapy group (27 [41%] of 66) had a sustained response (OR 3·095, 95% CI 1·516-6·318; p=0·0017). The most common adverse events were dry skin (31 [48%] of 64 patients), headaches (12 [19%]), and insomnia (12 [19%]) in the combination group, and insomnia (ten [15%] of 65 patients) and anxiety or mood disorders (eight [12%]) in the monotherapy group. Both treatments were well tolerated and no grade 4 or worse adverse events occurred. There were no treatment-related deaths. INTERPRETATION: The combination of all-trans retinoic acid and high-dose dexamethasone was safe and active in newly diagnosed patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia, providing a sustained response. This regimen represents a potential first-line treatment in this setting, but further studies are needed to validate its efficacy and safety. FUNDING: The Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Beijing Natural Science Foundation, the National Key Research and Development Program of China, and the Foundation for Innovative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China.


Assuntos
Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Tretinoína/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Interações Medicamentosas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 577: 95-102, 2021 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509725

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are implicated in cancer-related cellular behaviors. Our research aimed to explore the biological functions of lncRNA AL592284.1 (AL592284.1) in cervical cancer (CC). METHODS: qRT-PCR was performed to examine AL592284.1 expressions in cell lines and tumor specimens. To study the roles of AL592284.1 on malignant behaviors in both in vitro and in vivo, Loss-of-function assays were carried out. Besides, bioinformatics prediction and dual-luciferase reporter assays were performed to reveal the interaction among AL592284.1 and its target genes. The functions of the AL592284.1/miR-30a-5p/Vimentin axis in CC cells was clarified by rescue assays. RESULTS: We observed that the levels of AL592284.1 in CC were distinctly increased. Functional assays revealed that knockdown of AL592284.1 suppressed the proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT progress of CC cells. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-30a-5p/Vimentin regulatory axis is the direct downstream of AL592284.1. Rescue experiments indicated that AL592284.1 induced overexpression of Vimentin via sponging miR-30a-5p, resulting in the promotion of CC progression. CONCLUSION: The present study proves that AL592284.1 plays an tumor-promotive role in CC via regulating the miR-30a-5p/Vimentin axis, and inhibition of AL592284.1 may pave the way for CC treatment.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Vimentina/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/genética , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions Orgânicos/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Vimentina/metabolismo
18.
Anim Biosci ; 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34474531

RESUMO

Objective: Cage rearing has critical implications for the laying duck industry because it is convenient for feeding and management. However, caging stress is a type of chronic stress that induces maladaptation. Environmental stress responses have been extensively studied, but no detailed information is available about the comprehensive changes in plasma metabolites at different stages of caging stress in ducks. We designed this experiment to analyze the effects of caging stress on performance parameters and oxidative stress indexes in ducks. Methods: Furthermore, liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS-MS) was used to determine the changes in metabolites in duck plasma at 5 (CR5), 10 (CR10), and 15 (CR15) days after cage rearing and traditional breeding (TB). The associated pathways of differentially altered metabolites were analyzed using KEGG database. Results: The results of this study indicate that caging stress decreased performance parameters, and the plasma T-SOD levels were increased in the CR10 group compared with the other groups. In addition, 1431 metabolites were detected. Compared with the TB group, 134, 381 and 190 differentially produced metabolites were identified in the CR5, CR10 and CR15 groups, respectively. The results of principal component analysis (PCA) show that the selected components sufficiently distinguish the TB group and CR10 group. KEGG analysis results revealed that the differentially altered metabolites in duck plasma from the CR5 and TB groups were mainly associated with ovarian steroidogenesis, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, and phenylalanine metabolism. Conclusions: In this study, the production performance, blood indexes, number of metabolites and PCA were compared to determine effect of the caging stress stage on ducks. We inferred from the aforementioned experimental results that caging-stressed ducks were in the sensitive phase in the first 5 days after caging, caging for approximately 10 days was an important transition phase, and then the duck continually adapted.

19.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1340-1345, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features, treatment and prognosis of patients with hematological diseases complicated with mucor infection. METHODS: The risk factors, clinical features, treatment regimen and prognosis of 18 hematological disease patients with mucor infection diagnosed by histopathology in our center from April 2014 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Thirteen males and five females, with an average age of 30 (13-54) years old, were diagnosed as mucor infection by histopathological examination at the site of infection, including 16 cases of mucor infection alone and 2 cases of mucor + aspergillus mixed infection. There were 12 cases with malignant hematological disease and 6 cases with severe aplastic anemia, all of whom with long-term agranulocytosis, and their clinical manifestations and imaging findings were not specific. The common sites of infection were sinuses and lungs, and some patients showed multiple systemic manifestations. The remission status of hematological diseases and recovery of immune function showed an impact on the prognosis. All the patients were treated with amphotericin B liposome combined with posaconazole, and 15 patients were treated with surgery combined with antifungal drugs, 9 of whom were effective and 6 were ineffective, while intravenous administration in 3 cases was ineffective. CONCLUSION: It is difficult to diagnose hematological disease complicated with mucor infection. After early diagnosis, prognosis can be improved by amelioration of primary state and combination of drugs and surgery.


Assuntos
Doenças Hematológicas , Mucormicose , Adolescente , Adulto , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucormicose/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16667, 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404816

RESUMO

Machine learning methods provide a new perspective on the study of many-body system in condensed matter physics and there is only limited understanding of their representational properties and limitations in quantum spin liquid systems. In this work, we investigate the ability of the machine learning method based on the restricted Boltzmann machine in capturing physical quantities including the ground-state energy, spin-structure factor, magnetization, quantum coherence, and multipartite entanglement in the two-dimensional ferromagnetic spin liquids on a honeycomb lattice. It is found that the restricted Boltzmann machine can encode the many-body wavefunction quite well by reproducing accurate ground-state energy and structure factor. Further investigation on the behavior of multipartite entanglement indicates that the residual entanglement is richer in the gapless phase than the gapped spin-liquid phase, which suggests that the residual entanglement can characterize the spin-liquid phases. Additionally, we confirm the existence of a gapped non-Abelian topological phase in the spin liquids on a honeycomb lattice with a small magnetic field and determine the corresponding phase boundary by recognizing the rapid change of the local magnetization and residual entanglement.

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