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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923131


STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the rotation of the presumed lower instrumented vertebra (LIV) on baseline convex side-bending (SB) radiographs leads to distal adding-on in Lenke 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In Lenke 1A patients, derotation of the presumed LIV on baseline bending films is important owing to the association between LIV rotation and postoperative distal adding-on. However, the relationship between distal adding-on and derotation of the presumed LIV in Lenke 5C patients remains unknown. METHODS: 85 Lenke 5C patients with a minimum of 2-year follow-up for posterior fusion were enrolled. L3 was selected as the LIV in all patients. Patients were divided into the presumed LIV derotation (DR group) and non-derotation (NDR group) groups according to derotation of the presumed LIV on SB films. Radiographic parameters, including Cobb angle, coronal balance, lower disc angle of LIV, LIV tilt, and LIV translation, were measured pre- and post-operatively. RESULTS: Distal adding-on occurred in 16 patients (18.8%) at the final follow-up: 2 patients (10%) in the DR group and 14 patients (21.5%) in the NDR group (p = 0.248). Distal adding-on incidence was not greatly reduced with derotation of the presumed LIV on SB films at baseline. In the NDR group, the immediately postoperative lower disc angle of the LIV, LIV tilt, and LIV translation were significantly smaller in patients without than in those with distal adding-on (all p < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that the immediately postoperative LIV tilt and LIV translation were significant predictors of distal adding-on. CONCLUSIONS: Derotation of the presumed LIV on SB films may hint less risk of distal adding-on in Lenke 5C patients. Nevertheless, horizontalization of the LIV and minimizing LIV translation during correction could reduce the risk of distal adding-on despite the presence of LIV rotation at baseline. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.

J Transl Med ; 17(1): 349, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640726


BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) accounts for 4.4% of cerebral vascular disease, which is one of the leading causes of death in China. Rupture of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) is the most common cause of SAH. The natural history of unruptured IAs (UIAs) and the risk factors for rupture are among the key issues regarding the pathogenesis of IA and SAH that remain unclear in the Chinese population. METHODS: The China Intracranial Aneurysm Project (CIAP) is a prospective, observational, multicenter registry study of the natural courses, risk factors for the onset and rupture, treatment methods, comorbidity management and other aspects of intracranial aneurysms. To date, there are five studies in the CIAP. CIAP-1 is a prospective observational cohort study of UIAs. More than 5000 patients who will be followed for at least 1 year are expected to be enrolled in this cohort. These participants come from more than 20 centers that represent different regions in China. Enrollment began on May 1, 2017, and will take approximately 5 years. A nationwide online database of UIAs will be built. Participants' basic, lifestyle, clinical and follow-up information will be collected. The blood samples will be stored in the Central Biological Specimen Bank. Strict standards have been established and will be followed in this study to ensure efficient implementation. DISCUSSION: The natural course of UIAs in the Chinese population will be explored in this registry study. In addition, the risk factors for the rupture of the UIAs and the joint effect of those factors will be analyzed. The present study aims to create a nationwide database of UIAs and investigate the natural course of UIAs in China. Trial registration The Natural Course of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms in a Chinese Cohort ( Identifier: NCT03117803). Registered: July 5, 2017.