Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 151
Filtrar
1.
Clin Cardiol ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Older adults (≥70-year-old) are under-represented in the published data pertaining to unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCAD). HYPOTHESIS: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) might be comparable to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for revascularization of ULMCAD. METHODS: We compared PCI versus CABG in older adults with ULMCAD with an aggregate data meta-analyses (4880 patients) of clinical outcomes [all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), repeat revascularization, stroke and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events(MACCE)] at 30 days, 12-24 months & ≥36 months in patients with mean age ≥70 years and ULMCAD. A meta-regression analysis evaluated the effect of age on mortality after PCI. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using random-effects model. RESULTS: All-cause mortality between PCI and CABG was comparable at 30-days (OR0.77, 95% CI 0.42- 1.41) and 12-24-months (OR 1.22, 95% CI 0.78-1.93). PCI was associated with a markedly lower rate of stroke at 30-day follow-up in octogenarians (OR 0.14, 95% CI 0.02-0.76) but an overall higher rate of repeat revascularization. At ≥36-months, MACCE (OR 1.26,95% CI 0.99-1.60) and all-cause mortality (OR 1.39, 95% CI 1.00-1.93) showed a trend favoring CABG but did not reach statistical significance. On meta-regression, PCI was associated with a higher mortality with advancing age (coefficient=0.1033, p=0.042). CONCLUSIONS: PCI was associated with a markedly lower rate of early stroke in octogenarians as compared to CABG. All-cause mortality was comparable between the two arms with a trend favoring CABG at ≥36-months.PCI was however associated with increasing mortality with advancing age as compared to CABG.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473239

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe clinical and procedural characteristics of veterans undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) within U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) centers and to examine their association with short- and long-term mortality, length of stay (LOS), and rehospitalization within 30 days. BACKGROUND: Veterans with severe aortic stenosis frequently undergo TAVR at VA medical centers. METHODS: Consecutive veterans undergoing TAVR between 2012 and 2017 were included. Patient and procedural characteristics were obtained from the VA Clinical Assessment, Reporting, and Tracking system. The primary outcomes were 30-day and 1-year survival, LOS >6 days, and rehospitalization within 30 days. Logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards analyses were performed to evaluate the associations between pre-procedural characteristics and LOS and rehospitalization. RESULTS: Nine hundred fifty-nine veterans underwent TAVR at 8 VA centers during the study period, 860 (90%) by transfemoral access, 50 (5%) transapical, 36 (3.8%) transaxillary, and 3 (0.3%) transaortic. Men predominated (939 of 959 [98%]), with an average age of 78.1 years. There were 28 deaths within 30 days (2.9%) and 134 at 1 year (14.0%). Median LOS was 5 days, and 141 veterans were rehospitalized within 30 days (14.7%). Nonfemoral access (odds ratio: 1.74; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.10 to 2.74), heart failure (odds ratio: 2.51; 95% CI: 1.83 to 3.44), and atrial fibrillation (odds ratio: 1.40; 95% CI: 1.01 to 1.95) were associated with increased LOS. Atrial fibrillation was associated with 30-day rehospitalization (hazard ratio: 1.79; 95% CI: 1.22 to 2.63). CONCLUSIONS: Veterans undergoing TAVR at VA centers are predominantly elderly men with significant comorbidities. Clinical outcomes of mortality and rehospitalization at 30 days and 1-year mortality compare favorably with benchmark outcome data outside the VA.

3.
Am J Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378321

RESUMO

Little is known on the outcomes of surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) versus transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database (2012 to 2016). We performed a propensity-score-matched analysis based on 25 clinical and hospital variables to compare patients with RA who underwent SAVR versus TAVI. Our primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Our final analysis included 5,640 hospitalizations with RA who underwent isolated AVR; of whom, 2,465 (43.7%) underwent TAVI. There was an increasing trend in TAVI procedures during the study years (ptrend= 0.001). There was a trend toward reduced in-hospital mortality among TAVI compared with SAVR but did not reach statistical significance (0.8% vs 1.6%, odds ratio = 0.50; 95% confidence interval 0.23 to 1.06, p = 0.097). TAVI was associated with lower rates of postoperative bleeding (28.7% vs 43.9%, p <0.001), blood transfusion (12.3% vs 40.2%, p <0.001), acute kidney injury (9.8% vs 16.0%, p <0.001), cardiac tamponade (0.0% vs 1.6%, p <0.001), and discharges to skilled nursing facility (SNF) (20.1% vs 42.2%, p <0.001). However, TAVI was associated with a higher rate of complete heart block (14.3% vs 6.1%, p <0.001) and pacemaker implantations (14.8% vs 5.7%, p <0.001). There were no differences between both groups in cardiogenic shock, acute stroke, acute myocardial infarction, and vascular complications. In conclusion, real-word data showed no significant difference in in-hospital mortality between TAVI and SAVR in patients with RA. TAVI was associated with lower rates of acute kidney injury and bleeding complications at the expense of higher incidence of pacemaker implantations.

4.
Am J Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378322

RESUMO

Patients with chronic thrombocytopenia (cTCP) were excluded from the pivotal transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) trials. The National Inpatient Sample was queried and propensity score matching was performed to evaluate the prevalence and impact of cTCP on in-hospital clinical outcomes after TAVI. The main outcome was in-hospital mortality in patients with versus without cTCP. Among 38,855 TAVI hospitalizations, 7,105 had a diagnosis of cTCP (18.3%). In-hospital mortality was similar in both groups (ORadjusted 0.79; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57 to 1.09); however, cTCP was associated with higher risk of acute kidney injury (ORadjusted 1.29; 95% CI 1.08 to 1.54), vascular complications (ORadjusted 1.99; 95% CI 1.22 to 3.25), perioperative blood product transfusion (ORadjusted 1.69; 95% CI 1.42 to 2.01), cardiac tamponade (ORadjusted 4.04; 95% CI 1.51 to 10.82), cardiogenic shock (ORadjusted 1.52; 95% CI 1.07 to 2.15), and use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ORadjusted 2.32; 95% CI 1.1 to 4.9). In conclusion, cTCP is common in patients who underwent TAVI and is associated with worse postprocedure clinical outcomes, however, with similar in-hospital mortality.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418141

RESUMO

Successful reperfusion of an infarct-related coronary artery by primary percutaneous intervention or fibrinolysis during acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) does not always restore myocardial tissue perfusion, a phenomenon termed "no-reflow." Herein we discuss the pathophysiology of this highly prevalent phenomenon and highlight the most salient aspects of its clinical diagnosis and management as well as the limitations of presently used methods. There is a great need for understanding the dynamic nature of no-reflow, as its occurrence is associated with poor cardiovascular outcomes. The no-reflow phenomenon may lend an explanation to the lack of further improvements in in-hospital mortality in STEMI patients despite decreases in door-to-balloon time. Hence, no-reflow potentially presents an important target for investigators interested in improving outcomes in STEMI.

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405545

RESUMO

Statin use remains suboptimal in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). We assessed whether outpatient care with a cardiology provider is associated with evidence-based statin prescription and statin adherence. We identified patients with ASCVD aged ≥18 years receiving primary care in 130 facilities and associated community-based outpatient clinics in the entire Veterans Affairs Health Care System between October 1, 2013 and September 30, 2014. Patients were divided into: (1) patients with at least 1 outpatient cardiology visit and (2) patients with no outpatient cardiology visits in the year before the index primary care visit. We assessed any- and high-intensity statin prescription adjusting for several patient- and facility-level covariates, and statin adherence using proportion of days covered (PDC). We included 1,249,061 patients with ASCVD (mean age: 71.9 years; 98.0% male). After adjusting for covariates, patients who visited a cardiology provider had greater odds of being on a statin (87.4% vs 78.4%; Odds ratio [OR] 1.25, 95% Confidence interval [CI] 1.24 to 1.26), high-intensity statin (34.5% vs 21.2%; OR: 1.21, 95% CI 1.21 to 1.22), and higher statin adherence (mean PDC 0.76 ± 0.29 vs 0.70 ± 0.34, PDC ≥0.8: 62.0% vs 57.3%; OR 1.09, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.11). A dose response relation was seen with a higher number of cardiology visits associated with a higher statin use and statin adherence. In conclusion, compared with outpatient care delivered by primary care providers alone, care delivered by a cardiology provider for patients with ASCVD is associated with a higher likelihood of guideline-based statin use and statin adherence.

7.
ESC Heart Fail ; 6(4): 733-746, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264809

RESUMO

AIMS: Heart failure (HF) outcomes continue to improve with widespread use of new therapies. Concurrently, cancer survival has dramatically improved. Yet whether cancer patients share similar strategies and outcomes of inpatient HF treatment to those without HF is unknown. We sought to assess the contemporary impacts of cancer on inpatient HF outcomes over time. METHODS AND RESULTS: The retrospective National Inpatient Sample (2003-15) and National Readmissions Database (2013-14) registries were queried for adults admitted for HF and stratified for cancer status, excluding cases of metastatic disease. Temporal trends in HF admissions, hospital charge rates, length of hospitalization, HF-related procedure utilization, in-hospital mortality, and hospital readmissions were analysed. Over 13 years of follow-up, there were 12 769 077 HF admissions (mean age 73 years, 50.8% female, 30.8% non-White), among which 1 413 287 (11%) had a co-morbid cancer diagnosis. Cancer patients were older, were predominantly male, and tended to be smokers. Over time, HF admission rates among cancer patients increased, despite a concurrent decrease among patients without cancer (P < 0.0001). After propensity matching, in-hospital mortality was significantly higher among cancer HF patients (5.1% vs. 2.9%, P < 0.0001). Additionally, HF-related procedure utilization was disproportionately lower among cancer patients (0.30 vs. 0.35 procedures/HF hospitalization, P < 0.001); the presence of cancer was associated with increased costs, length of hospitalizations, and all-cause readmissions, but fewer HF readmissions (P < 0.0001, each). CONCLUSIONS: While the incidence of HF hospitalizations has increased among cancer patients, they do not appear to share the same rates of advanced HF care, readmissions trends, or reductions in in-hospital mortality. Future studies targeting modifiable factors related to these differences are needed.

8.
Cardiol Ther ; 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240615

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Little is known about ethnic and gender disparities for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedures in the United States. METHODS: We queried the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database (2011-2014) to identify patients who underwent TAVR. We described the temporal trends in the uptake of TAVR procedures among various ethnicities and genders. RESULTS: Our analysis identified 39,253 records; 20,497 (52.2%) were men and 18,756 (47.8%) were women. Among all TAVRs, 87.2% were Caucasians, 3.9% were African Americans (AA), 3.7% were Hispanics, and 5.2% were of other ethnicities. We found a significant rise in the trend of TAVRs in all groups: in Caucasian men (coefficient = 0.946, p < 0.001), Caucasian women (coefficient = 0.985, p < 0.001), AA men (coefficient = 0.940, p < 0.001), AA women (coefficient = 0.864, p < 0.001), Hispanic men (coefficient = 0.812, p = 0.001), Hispanic women (coefficient = 0.845, p < 0.001). Hence, the uptrend was most significant among Caucasian women, and relatively least significant among Hispanic men. Multivariate regression analysis was conducted to evaluate in-hospital mortality among different groups after adjusting for demographics and baseline characteristics. After multivariable regression for baseline characteristics overall, the in-hospital mortality per 100 TAVRs was highest among Hispanic men 5.5%, followed by Caucasian women 5.0%, Hispanic women 4.6%, AA women 3.7%, AA men 3.4%, and Caucasian men 3.38% (adjusted p value = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: In this observational study, we demonstrated that there is evidence of ethnic and gender differences in the overall uptake and adjusted mortality of TAVRs in the United States.

10.
Eur Heart J ; 40(19): 1487-1490, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087050
11.
Am J Med ; 2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31047867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Contemporary data regarding the temporal changes in prevalence and outcomes of hospitalizations with Prinzmetal angina are limited. METHODS: We queried the National Inpatient Sample Database for the years 2002-2015 to identify hospitalizations with Prinzmetal angina. We described the temporal trends and outcomes in patients with Prinzmetal angina. RESULTS: A total of 97,280 hospitalizations with Prinzmetal angina were identified. There was a significant increase in the number of hospitalizations with Prinzmetal angina (3678 in 2002 vs 8633 in 2015, Ptrend <.001) as well as the proportion of hospitalizations with Prinzmetal angina among those with chest pain (Ptrend <.001). There was an increase in the rates of in-hospital mortality (0.24% in 2002 vs 0.85% in 2015, Ptrend = .02), which corresponded to a progressive increase in the burden of comorbidities among patients with Prinzmetal angina. Age >65 years, history of heart failure, chronic kidney disease, chronic liver disease, and acute myocardial infarction upon presentation were independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. Compared with patients with acute myocardial infarction without Prinzmetal angina, those with Prinzmetal angina presenting with acute myocardial infarction had a lower incidence of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 0.24, 95% confidence interval 0.14-0.41). CONCLUSIONS: In this large national analysis, there has been an increase in the prevalence of hospitalizations with Prinzmetal angina. Older age, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, chronic liver disease, and acute myocardial infarction were predictors of higher mortality among patients with Prinzmetal angina. Patients with Prinzmetal angina who developed acute myocardial infarction had more favorable outcomes compared with myocardial infarction without Prinzmetal angina.

12.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 31(8): 199-203, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088991

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of existing studies from the literature comparing robotically assisted (RA) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to manual PCI (M-PCI). BACKGROUND: RA-PCI is a novel technology that allows the operator to perform PCI from a shielded cockpit using a remote-control module. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar were queried from inception until May 31, 2018 for relevant studies comparing clinical outcomes between RA-PCI and M-PCI. The random-effects model was utilized to compute the summary effect size. RESULTS: Of 2050 retrieved citations, five studies were included, with a total of 148 patients in the RA-PCI arms and 493 patients in the M-PCI control arms. Lower operator radiation exposure was observed with RA-PCI compared with M-PCI. There were no statistically significant differences in total stents per case, PCI time, fluoroscopy time, or procedural success rates between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In carefully selected patients, RA-PCI was associated with reduced operator radiation exposure compared with M-PCI, but there were no significant differences in procedural success rate, patient radiation exposure, contrast dose, or procedure time.

13.
Circulation ; 139(18): e891-e908, 2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30913893

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease is found in ≈5% to 6% of all patients with acute infarction who are referred for coronary angiography. There are a variety of causes that can result in this clinical condition. As such, it is important that patients are appropriately diagnosed and an evaluation to uncover the correct cause is performed so that, when possible, specific therapies to treat the underlying cause can be prescribed. This statement provides a formal and updated definition for the broadly labelled term MINOCA (incorporating the definition of acute myocardial infarction from the newly released "Fourth Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction") and provides a clinically useful framework and algorithms for the diagnostic evaluation and management of patients with myocardial infarction in the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease.

15.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 12(5): 422-430, 2019 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30846079

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to investigate the trends, predictors, and outcomes of delayed discharge (>72 h) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement. BACKGROUND: Length of stay post-transcatheter aortic valve replacement may have significant clinical and administrative implications. METHODS: Data from the Transcatheter Valve Therapy Registry were used to identify patients undergoing nonaborted transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement who survived to discharge, and data linked from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services were used to provide 1-year events. Patients were categorized to early discharge (≤72 h) versus delayed discharge (>72 h). The trends, predictors, and adjusted 1-year outcomes were compared in both groups. RESULTS: From 2011 to 2015, a total of 13,389 patients (55.1%) were discharged within 72 h, whereas 10,896 patients (44.9%) were discharged beyond 72 h. There was a significant decline in rates of delayed discharge across the study period (62% vs. 34%; p < 0.01). This remained unchanged when stratified by Transcatheter Valve Therapy risk scores. Several factors were identified as independent predictors of early and delayed discharge. After adjustment for in-hospital complications, delayed discharge was an independent predictor of 1-year all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 1.45; 95% confidence interval: 1.30 to 1.60; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Rates of delayed discharge have declined from 2011 to 2015. Delayed discharge is associated with a significant increase in mortality even after adjusting for in-hospital complications. Further work is necessary to determine if predictors of early discharge could be used to develop length of stay scores that might be instrumental in administrative, financial, or clinical policy development.

16.
Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes ; 12(1): e004817, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30636483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing epidemic that has been linked to the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Guideline-directed medications for secondary prevention and risk factor control are recommended for patients with all forms of CVD. The association of body mass index (BMI) with use of medications for secondary prevention and risk factor control in patients with CVD are poorly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: We identified 1 122 567 patients with CVD receiving care in 130 Veterans Affairs facilities from October 1, 2013, to September 30, 2014. Five groups were stratified by BMI-underweight (BMI, <18.5 kg/m2), normal (BMI, 18.5-24.9 kg/m2), overweight (BMI, 25-29.9 kg/m2), obese (BMI, 30-39.9 kg/m2), and extremely obese (BMI, ≥40 kg/m2). A composite of 4 measures-blood pressure <140/90 mm Hg, hemoglobin A1c ≤9% in diabetic patients, statin use, and antiplatelet use-termed optimal medial therapy (OMT) was compared among groups. Multivariable logistic regression was performed with normal BMI as the referent category. Underweight patients comprised 12 623 (1.1%), normal BMI 230 471 (20.5%), overweight 413 590 (36.8%), obese 404 105 (36%), and extremely obese 61 778 (5.5%) of the cohort. Only 43.7% of the entire cohort received OMT, and this was the highest in the overweight group. Adjusted odds ratios for receiving OMT were 0.81 (95% CI, 0.77-0.85), 1.11 (95% CI, 1.10-1.13), 1.08 (95% CI, 1.06-1.09), and 0.87 (95% CI, 0.85-0.89), for patients who were underweight, overweight, obese, and extremely obese, respectively, compared with normal BMI. CONCLUSIONS: OMT was low in the entire cohort. There is an inverse U-shaped relationship between OMT and BMI with patients who are underweight and extremely obese less likely to receive OMT compared with patients with normal BMI.

17.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther ; 24(3): 215-224, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30563349

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (MI) is still a large source of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although early reperfusion therapy has been prioritized in the modern era of percutaneous coronary intervention and thrombolysis, attempts at incremental improvements in clinical outcomes by reducing MI size have not been successful so far. Herein, we review the studies that have evaluated immediate-onset antiplatelet therapy as attempts to improve meaningful clinical outcomes in ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI). Unfortunately, many of the adjunctive pharmacotherapies have proven to be disappointing. Recent studies performed in the background of routine oral administration of P2Y12 adenosine receptor inhibitors, which may take several hours to take full effect, and aspirin have largely shown no improvement in outcomes, despite an earlier onset of antiplatelet activity of the investigative agents. Further progress in improving outcomes during STEMI may depend on exploring therapeutics that modulate the pathophysiology of microvascular damage during ischemia-reperfusion injury, a phenomenon whose effects evolve over hours to days. We speculate that the dynamic nature of the no-reflow phenomenon may be an explanation for these disappointing results with the intravenous antiplatelet agents. We hope that appreciation for what has not worked in this domain may direct future research efforts to focus on novel pathways. Myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury are very much still a lingering issue. Despite significant improvements in door-to-balloon times, rates of in-hospital mortality for STEMI remain unchanged. Outcomes following successfully reperfused STEMI are likely determined by the initial size of myocardial necrosis (ie, cardiomyocyte death during the period of ongoing ischemia), patency of the infarct-related epicardial coronary artery, possible reperfusion injury, the microvascular no-reflow phenomenon, and adverse remodeling after infarction.

18.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 93(5): 989-995, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30569661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the in-hospital outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) versus surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in nonagenarians. BACKGROUND: Data comparing the outcomes of TAVR versus SAVR in nonagenarians are limited. METHODS: Using the National Inpatient Sample years 2012-2014, hospitalization data were retrieved for subjects aged ≥90 years who underwent TAVR or SAVR for severe aortic stenosis. The incidence of in-hospital mortality and peri-procedural outcomes were compared using unadjusted, multivariate logistic regression, and propensity score matched analyses. RESULTS: The final cohort included 6,680 records of nonagenarians undergoing aortic valve replacement, among which 5,840 (87.4%) underwent TAVR. There was no difference in the incidence of in-hospital mortality between both groups in the unadjusted (5.8% versus 6.0% P = 0.95), multivariate (odds ratio [OR] 0.78, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.35-1.74), and propensity score matched (OR 1.07, 95% CI 0.75-1.51) analyses. In the propensity-matched analysis, TAVR was associated with a lower incidence of acute kidney injury (OR 0.58, 95% CI 0.47-0.72), post-operative blood transfusion (OR 0.51, 95% CI 0.43-0.61), a higher likelihood of discharge to home (OR 4.71, 95% 3.44-5.06), and a similar incidence of pacemaker placement (OR 1.16, 95% 0.89-1.53) and stroke (OR 1.34, 0.90-1.99). CONCLUSIONS: In this nationwide analysis, TAVR was associated with an overall similar incidence of in-hospital mortality and less morbidity compared with SAVR. These findings suggest that TAVR is effective and safe in nonagenarians.

19.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 77: 104-110, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30576842

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: P2Y12 inhibitors are critical following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent placement; they reduce the risk of stent thrombosis and myocardial infarction. Despite the importance of the therapy, non-adherence is common among Veterans. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our main objective is to conduct a multi-site randomized stepped wedge trial to test the effectiveness of a multi-faceted intervention to improve adherence to P2Y12 inhibitors and PCI outcomes as well as formatively evaluate and refine the intervention implementation process. The primary outcomes of the study are the proportion of patients whose P2Y12 inhibitor prescription was filled at the time of hospital discharge following PCI with stent placement as well as the proportion of patients who were adherent based on the pharmacy refill data in the year after PCI hospital discharge. We will also assess the secondary outcomes such as bleeding, myocardial infarction, stroke, and mortality among these patients, and the cost-effectiveness of the intervention. The study was conducted at Veterans Health Administration (VA) PCI sites. At each site, we enrolled patients over a 6-month period and followed them for 12 months after PCI. Additionally, we collected qualitative data to identify contextual factors and to assess barriers and facilitators to the implementation and maintenance of the intervention. CONCLUSIONS: The study will add to the current state of knowledge on improving medication adherence in patients receiving PCI with stent implantation. Moreover, the study includes an extensive examination of the implementation process and will contribute to the field of implementation science. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01609842 https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01609842?term=clopidogrel+adherence&cntry1=NA%3AUS&rank=1.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA