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1.
Neurology ; 97(7): e706-e719, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400568

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine similarities and differences in key predictors of recovery of bimanual hand use and unimanual motor impairment after stroke. METHOD: In this prospective longitudinal study, 89 patients with first-ever stroke with arm paresis were assessed at 3 weeks and 3 and 6 months after stroke onset. Bimanual activity performance was assessed with the Adult Assisting Hand Assessment Stroke (Ad-AHA), and unimanual motor impairment was assessed with the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA). Candidate predictors included shoulder abduction and finger extension measured by the corresponding FMA items (FMA-SAFE; range 0-4) and sensory and cognitive impairment. MRI was used to measure weighted corticospinal tract lesion load (wCST-LL) and resting-state interhemispheric functional connectivity (FC). RESULTS: Initial Ad-AHA performance was poor but improved over time in all (mild-severe) impairment subgroups. Ad-AHA correlated with FMA at each time point (r > 0.88, p < 0.001), and recovery trajectories were similar. In patients with moderate to severe initial FMA, FMA-SAFE score was the strongest predictor of Ad-AHA outcome (R 2 = 0.81) and degree of recovery (R 2 = 0.64). Two-point discrimination explained additional variance in Ad-AHA outcome (R 2 = 0.05). Repeated analyses without FMA-SAFE score identified wCST-LL and cognitive impairment as additional predictors. A wCST-LL >5.5 cm3 strongly predicted low to minimal FMA/Ad-AHA recovery (≤10 and 20 points respectively, specificity = 0.91). FC explained some additional variance to FMA-SAFE score only in unimanual recovery. CONCLUSION: Although recovery of bimanual activity depends on the extent of corticospinal tract injury and initial sensory and cognitive impairments, FMA-SAFE score captures most of the variance explained by these mechanisms. FMA-SAFE score, a straightforward clinical measure, strongly predicts bimanual recovery. CLINICALTRIALSGOV IDENTIFIER: NCT02878304. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class I evidence that the FMA-SAFE score predicts bimanual recovery after stroke.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Conectoma , Mãos/fisiopatologia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Paresia/fisiopatologia , Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paresia/diagnóstico , Paresia/etiologia , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199339

RESUMO

Most people recover within months after a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) or concussion, but some will suffer from long-term fatigue with a reduced quality of life and the inability to maintain their employment status or education. For many people, mental fatigue is one of the most distressing and long-lasting symptoms following an mTBI. No efficient treatment options can be offered. The best method for measuring fatigue today is with fatigue self-assessment scales, there being no objective clinical tests available for mental fatigue. The aim here is to provide a narrative review and identify fatigue in relation to cognitive tests and brain imaging methods. Suggestions for future research are presented.


Assuntos
Concussão Encefálica , Concussão Encefálica/complicações , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Fadiga Mental/diagnóstico , Fadiga Mental/etiologia , Neuroimagem , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Qualidade de Vida
3.
J Med Internet Res ; 23(3): e24590, 2021 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33709937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Web-based interventions are effective for several psychological problems. However, recruitment, adherence, and missing data are challenges when evaluating these interventions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the use patterns during the commencement phase, possible retention patterns (continuation of data provision), and responses to prompts and reminders among participants in 2 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating web-based interventions. METHODS: Data on use patterns logged in 2 RCTs aiming to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression among adult patients recently diagnosed with cancer (AdultCan RCT) and patients with a recent myocardial infarction (Heart RCT) were analyzed. The web-based intervention in the AdultCan trial consisted of unguided self-help and psychoeducation and that in the Heart trial consisted of therapist-supported cognitive behavioral therapy. In total, 2360 participants' use patterns at first log-in, including data collection at baseline (ie, commencement) and at 2 follow-ups, were analyzed. Both the intervention and comparison groups were analyzed. RESULTS: At commencement, 70.85% (909/1283) and 86.82% (935/1077) of the participants in AdultCan and Heart RCTs, respectively, logged in and completed baseline data collection after receiving a welcome email with log-in credentials. The median duration of the first log-in was 44 minutes and 38 minutes in AdultCan and Heart RCTs, respectively. Slightly less than half of the participants' first log-ins were completed outside standard office hours. More than 80% (92/114 and 103/111) of the participants in both trials explored the intervention within 2 weeks of being randomized to the treatment group, with a median duration of 7 minutes and 47 minutes in AdultCan and Heart RCTs, respectively. There was a significant association between intervention exploration time during the first 2 weeks and retention in the Heart trial but not in the AdultCan trial. However, the control group was most likely to retain and provide complete follow-up data. Across the 3 time points of data collection explored in this study, the proportion of participants responding to all questionnaires within 1 week from the prompt, without a reminder, varied between 35.45% (413/1165) and 66.3% (112/169). After 2 reminders, up to 97.6% (165/169) of the participants responded. CONCLUSIONS: Most participants in both RCTs completed the baseline questionnaires within 1 week of receiving the welcome email. Approximately half of them answered questions at baseline data collection outside office hours, suggesting that the time flexibility inherent in web-based interventions contributes to commencement and use. In contrast to what was expected, the intervention groups generally had lower completion rates than the comparison groups. About half of the participants completed the questionnaires without a reminder, but thereafter, reminders contributed to both baseline and follow-up retention, suggesting they were effective. Strategies to increase commencement of and retention in eHealth interventions are important for the future development of effective interventions and relevant research.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Intervenção Baseada em Internet , Sistemas de Alerta , Adulto , Ansiedade/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(10): e24960, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725859

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: (Neo-)adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer has a deleterious impact on muscle tissue resulting in reduced cardiorespiratory fitness, skeletal muscle mass and function. Physical exercise during treatment may counteract some of these negative effects. However, the effects of resistance training (RT) alone have never been explored. The present study aims to investigate if heavy-load RT during (neo-)adjuvant chemotherapy counteracts deleterious effects on skeletal muscle in women diagnosed with breast cancer. We hypothesize that (neo-)adjuvant treatment with chemotherapy will reduce muscle fiber size, impair mitochondrial function, and increase indicators of cellular stress and that RT during treatment will counteract these negative effects. We also hypothesize that RT during (neo-)adjuvant chemotherapy will increase muscle and blood levels of potential antitumor myokines and reduce treatment-related side effects on muscle strength and cardiorespiratory fitness. METHODS: Fifty women recently diagnosed with breast cancer scheduled to start (neo-)adjuvant chemotherapy will be randomized to either randomized to either intervention group or to control group.The intervention group will perform supervised heavy-load RT twice a week over the course of chemotherapy (approximately 16-weeks) whereas the control group will be encouraged to continue with their usual activities. Muscle biopsies from m. vastus lateralis will be collected before the first cycle of chemotherapy (T0), after chemotherapy (T1), and 6 months later (T2) for assessment of muscle cellular outcomes. The primary outcome for this study is muscle fiber size. Secondary outcomes are: regulators of muscle fiber size and function, indicators of cellular stress and mitochondrial function, myokines with potential antitumor effects, muscle strength, and cardiorespiratory fitness. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval has been obtained from the Regional Ethical Review Board in Uppsala, Sweden (Dnr:2016/230/2). Results will be disseminated through presentations at scientific meetings, publications in peer-reviewed journals, social media, and patient organizations. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04586517.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Fadiga Muscular/fisiologia , Treinamento de Força , Adulto , Biópsia , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória/fisiologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Mastectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fadiga Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Força Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Scand J Med Sci Sports ; 31(5): 1144-1159, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527488

RESUMO

Exercise during cancer treatment improves cancer-related fatigue (CRF), but the importance of exercise intensity for CRF is unclear. We compared the effects of high- vs low-to-moderate-intensity exercise with or without additional behavior change support (BCS) on CRF in patients undergoing (neo-)adjuvant cancer treatment. This was a multicenter, 2x2 factorial design randomized controlled trial (Clinical Trials NCT02473003) in Sweden. Participants recently diagnosed with breast (n = 457), prostate (n = 97) or colorectal (n = 23) cancer undergoing (neo-)adjuvant treatment were randomized to high intensity (n = 144), low-to-moderate intensity (n = 144), high intensity with BCS (n = 144) or low-to-moderate intensity with BCS (n = 145). The 6-month exercise intervention included supervised resistance training and home-based endurance training. CRF was assessed by Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI, five subscales score range 4-20), and Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue scale (FACIT-F, score range 0-52). Multiple linear regression for main factorial effects was performed according to intention-to-treat, with post-intervention CRF as primary endpoint. Overall, 577 participants (mean age 58.7 years) were randomized. Participants randomized to high- vs low-to-moderate-intensity exercise had lower physical fatigue (MFI Physical Fatigue subscale; mean difference -1.05 [95% CI: -1.85, -0.25]), but the difference was not clinically important (ie <2). We found no differences in other CRF dimensions and no effect of additional BCS. There were few minor adverse events. For CRF, patients undergoing (neo-)adjuvant treatment for breast, prostate or colorectal cancer can safely exercise at high- or low-to-moderate intensity, according to their own preferences. Additional BCS does not provide extra benefit for CRF in supervised, well-controlled exercise interventions.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Fadiga/prevenção & controle , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias/terapia , Atividades Cotidianas , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Terapia Comportamental , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Aptidão Cardiorrespiratória , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Treino Aeróbico , Terapia por Exercício/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Exercício/psicologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias da Próstata/complicações , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Treinamento de Força/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Sedentário , Sono
6.
Stress ; 24(1): 64-75, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32510268

RESUMO

Patients with stress-related Exhaustion Disorder (ED) have problems with memory and executive function. These problems have been associated with deviant activity in prefrontal cortex (PFC). We investigated cognitive performance and functional activity in the PFC during prolonged mental activity in patients with ED (n = 20, 16 women) with a mean duration since diagnosis of 46 ± 23 months in comparison to healthy individuals (n = 20, 12 women). A block of six neuropsychological tests was performed in a sequence that was repeated once. The brain imaging technique, functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was used for all tests. There were no differences between the groups in terms of changes over time, i.e. difference between first and second test block. In the Stroop-Simon test, the controls showedhigher functional activity in the frontal cortex. In the left ventrolateral PFC, we observed an increased activity in controls in the incongruent compared to the congruent trials, whereas no changes were detected in the ED patient group. During processing speed tasks, only ED patients showed higher functional activity in right dorsolateral PFC. The ED patients reported lower subjective energy level and they also performed less well on a mental control task compared to healthy individuals. In conclusion, ED patients showed altered functional activity compared to controls, indicating that ED patients process information differently in the prefrontal cortex, but the functional activity did not change during the 2½ hr procedure, as revealed by the test-retest design. Lay summary In this paper we show that patient with exhaustion disorder have a reduced functional activity in the prefrontal cortex. This functional activity was not affected by 2.5 hours mental activity.


Assuntos
Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Estresse Psicológico , Feminino , Lobo Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Córtex Pré-Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Teste de Stroop
7.
Acta Oncol ; 60(1): 96-105, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33339484

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Few studies have systematically evaluated the risk of adverse events (AEs) among persons exercising during oncological treatment. We aimed to describe incidence and types of AEs during exercise for persons undergoing oncological treatment, and associations to exercise intensity, exercise adherence, chemotherapy treatment, initial aerobic fitness. A second aim was to compare incidence of lymphedema, periphery inserted central catheter (PICC) complications, and other new medical conditions (any illness or injury occurred during the exercise trial) between high-intensity vs low-to-moderate exercise and usual care (UC). METHODS: This descriptive, comparative study was based on data from an observational study including patients in an UC setting (n = 90) and a randomized exercise trial (n = 577) in which participants exercised at high-intensity (HI) or low-moderate intensity (LMI). Persons with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer undergoing neo/adjuvant treatment were included. AEs were reported by exercise coaches, participants, and identified in medical records, as were lymphedema, PICC-complications, and new medical conditions. RESULTS: Coaches reported AEs for 20% of the participants, while 28% of participants self-reported AEs. The most common coach- and participant reported AEs were musculoskeletal and the majority (97%) were considered minor. HI had higher likelihood of AEs than LMI, according to both coaches (OR: 1.9 [95%CI 1.16-3.21], p=.011) and participants (OR: 3.36 [95%CI 2.00-5.62], ≤.001). Lymphedema rates were low (4-9%) and PICC complications ranged from 15% in LMI to 23% in UC and there were no statistically significant differences between HI, LMI, and UC. There were no statistically significant differences between HI and LMI regarding new medical conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise during treatment is safe for these patient groups in this setting, even HI exercise can be recommended if no medical contraindications are present. Similar to healthy populations, a higher risk of having minor AEs when exercising at HI in comparison to LMI may exist.


Assuntos
Treinamento de Força , Exercício Físico , Terapia por Exercício , Humanos , Masculino , Aptidão Física , Qualidade de Vida
8.
Scand J Caring Sci ; 2020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32720338

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, no available tool easily and effectively measures both the frequency, intensity and distress of symptoms among patients receiving radiotherapy. A core symptom set (fatigue, insomnia, pain, appetite loss, cognitive problems, anxiety, nausea, depression, constipation, diarrhoea and skin reaction) has been identified and assessed across oncology research to better understand the pattern of symptoms and treatment side effects. AIM: The aim was to develop a tool measuring the multiple-symptom experience in patients undergoing radiotherapy and evaluate its psychometric properties (validity, reliability and responsiveness). DESIGN: This study has a prospective, longitudinal and quantitative design. METHODS: We developed a patient-reported outcome questionnaire, the Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale to assess the frequency, intensity and distress associated with symptoms. Patients (n = 175) with brain tumours undergoing proton beam therapy completed the Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale and the health-related quality of life questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) during treatment. We assessed the validity, reliability and responsiveness of the Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale and evaluated the validity against QLQ-C30. RESULTS: There were significant questionnaire-questionnaire correlations regarding selected items, primarily fatigue, insomnia and pain, indicating satisfactory criterion-related validity. The Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale had fair to good retest reliability. CONCLUSION: The Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale is a valid instrument for assessing symptom intensity and distress in patients with brain tumour undergoing PBT, with psychometric properties within the expected range. The Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale provides nurses with substantial information on symptom experience but requires little effort from the patient. Additional studies are required to further assess the psychometric properties in patients with different cancer diagnoses receiving conventional radiotherapy.

9.
Psychooncology ; 29(12): 2012-2018, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32691455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the effects of cocreated internet-based stepped care (iCAN-DO) on anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in individuals with cancer and self-reported anxiety and/or depression symptoms, compared with standard care. METHODS: Clinically recruited individuals with breast, colorectal, or prostate cancer underwent online screening with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Those with anxiety and/or depression symptoms (>7 on any of the HADS subscales) were randomized to iCAN-DO or standard care. iCAN-DO comprised psychoeducation and self-care strategies (step 1) and internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT, step 2). Data were collected before randomization and at 1, 4, 7, and 10 months and analyzed with intention-to-treat regression analysis and randomization tests. RESULTS: Online screening identified 245 (27%) of 909 individuals who reported anxiety and/or depression symptoms. They were randomized to iCAN-DO (n = 124) or standard care (n = 121). Of them 49% completed the 10-month assessment, and in the iCAN-DO group 85% accessed step 1 and 13% underwent iCBT. iCAN-DO decreased the levels of symptoms of depression (-0.54, 95% confidence interval: -1.08 to -0.01, P < .05) and the proportion of individuals with symptoms of depression (P < .01) at 10 months, compared with standard care, according to HADS. There were no significant effects on anxiety, posttraumatic stress, or HRQoL. CONCLUSION: Internet-based stepped care improves symptoms of depression in individuals with cancer. Further studies are needed to gain knowledge on how to optimize and implement internet-based support in oncology care.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Depressão/terapia , Internet , Neoplasias/terapia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Telemedicina , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/psicologia , Autorrelato , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Nurs Open ; 7(4): 1157-1163, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32587735

RESUMO

Aim: To illuminate the experience of an altered social context for patients with primary brain tumours living away from home while undergoing proton beam therapy. Design: A descriptive, qualitative cross-sectional interview study. Methods: Nineteen patients were interviewed between December 2015-August 2016, either during (N = 7) or before and after (N = 12) their proton beam therapy. A hermeneutical analysis was performed. Results: Participants made adjustments to achieve control and well-being during the treatment period. The analysis also revealed two interrelated patterns that helped participants adjust: being part of the family from a distance and seeking affinity. Conclusion: It is important that patients receiving treatment far from home find a way to remain a part of their family and find affinity in the altered social context. Health professionals can prepare patients for the treatment period and can implement interventions to promote well-being for both patients and their relatives.


Assuntos
Terapia com Prótons , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Meio Social , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Acta Oncol ; 59(10): 1139-1144, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536238

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: On 15-16 November 2019, the Skandion Clinic in Sweden hosted the first Nordic workshop on 'Patients' perspective in proton beam therapy'. The workshop was conducted to describe and compare the patient care in PBT clinics in the Nordic countries and to initiate a collaboration, with the target to ensure patient participation and reduce the risk of inequity of access by lowering the barriers for accepting PBT in a distant clinic. The overarching aim of this workshop was to describe and compare the use of patients' perspectives in the Nordic PBT clinics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve participants attended the workshop, representing Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The participants were registered nurses working in patient care, researchers, physicist and leaders of the Skandion Clinic. RESULTS: The consensus of the workshop was that systematic use of patient experiences on individual and group level is essential for developing clinical practice and understanding the overall effects of PBT. A difference in how the Nordic countries use patient experiences in clinical practise was found. The importance of lowering the barriers for participation in national proton trials and proton treatment were emphasized, however, there is a lack of knowledge about individual and organizational barriers to accepting PBT, and further research is therefore needed. CONCLUSION: Collaboration between the Nordic countries regarding patients' perspectives in the context of PBT is of importance to compare national differences as well as to find similarities, but most importantly to learn from each other and to improve patient care. Nordic collaboration with focus on systematic collection of patient-reported outcomes in the context of PBT is unique. Collaboration in research offers the possibility to increase the inclusion of patients' perspectives in study protocols.

12.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(5): e16604, 2020 05 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The internet-based stepped-care intervention iCAN-DO, used in the multicenter randomized controlled trial AdultCan, was developed for adult patients undergoing treatment for cancer and concurrently experiencing anxiety or depressive symptoms. iCAN-DO aimed to decrease symptoms of anxiety or depression. Step 1 comprises access to a library with psychoeducational material and a peer-support section, as well as the possibility to pose questions to a nurse. Step 2 of the intervention offers treatment consisting of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) to participants still experiencing anxiety or depression at 1, 4, or 7 months after inclusion. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore user experiences of delivery, design, and structure of iCAN-DO from the perspective of people with cancer. METHODS: We studied user experiences by interviewing 15 informants individually: 10 women with breast cancer (67%), 4 men with prostate cancer (27%), and 1 man with colorectal cancer (7%) with a mean age 58.9 years (SD 8.9). The interviews focused on informants' perceptions of ease of use and of system design and structure. Informants had been included in iCAN-DO for at least 7 months. They were purposefully selected based on activity in Step 1, participation in iCBT (ie, Step 2), gender, and diagnosis. RESULTS: Of the 15 informants, 6 had been offered iCBT (40%). All informants used the internet on a daily basis, but 2 (13%) described themselves as very inexperienced computer users. The analysis revealed three subthemes, concerning how user experiences were affected by disease-specific factors and side effects (User experience in the context of cancer), technical problems (Technical struggles require patience and troubleshooting), and the structure and design of iCAN-DO (Appealing and usable, but rather simple). CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that user experiences were affected by informants' life situations, the technical aspects and the design of iCAN-DO, and informants' preferences. The results have generated some developments feasible to launch during the ongoing study, but if iCAN-DO is to be used beyond research interest, a greater level of tailoring of information, features, and design may be needed to improve user experiences. The use of recurrent questionnaires during the treatment period may highlight an individual's health, but also function as a motivator showing improvements over time.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Depressão/terapia , Intervenção Baseada em Internet/tendências , Neoplasias/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
13.
Acta Neuropsychiatr ; 32(6): 303-312, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of (-)-OSU6162 in doses up to 30 mg b.i.d. in patients suffering from mental fatigue following stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: This 4 + 4 weeks double-blind randomised cross-over study included 30 patients afflicted with mental fatigue following a stroke or head trauma occurring at least 12 months earlier. Efficacy was assessed using the Mental Fatigue Scale (MFS), the Self-rating Scale for Affective Syndromes [Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale (CPRS)], the Frenchay Activity Index (FAI), and a battery of neuropsychological tests. Safety was evaluated by recording spontaneously reported adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: There were significant differences on the patients' total FAI scores (p = 0.0097), the subscale FAI outdoor scores (p = 0.0243), and on the trail making test (TMT-B) (p = 0.0325) in favour of (-)-OSU6162 treatment. Principal component analysis showed a clear overall positive treatment effect in 10 of 28 patients; those who responded best to treatment had their greatest improvements on the MFS. Reported AEs were mild or moderate in severity and did not differ between the (-)-OSU6162 and the placebo period. CONCLUSION: The most obvious beneficial effects of (-)-OSU6162 were on the patients' activity level, illustrated by the improvement on the FAI scale. Moreover, a subgroup of patients showed substantial improvements on the MFS. Based on these observed therapeutic effects, in conjunction with the good tolerability of (-)-OSU6162, this compound may offer promise for treating at least part of the symptomatology in patients suffering from stroke- or TBI-induced mental fatigue.

14.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(3): e16547, 2020 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Individuals with newly diagnosed cancer may experience impaired health in several aspects and often have a large need for information and support. About 30% will experience symptoms of anxiety and depression, with varying needs of knowledge and support. Despite this, many of these patients lack appropriate support. Internet-based support programs may offer a supplement to standard care services, but must be carefully explored from a user perspective. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the participants' perceptions of the relevance and benefits of an internet-based stepped care program (iCAN-DO) targeting individuals with cancer and concurrent symptoms of anxiety and depression. METHODS: We performed a qualitative study with an inductive approach, in which we used semistructured questions to interview 15 individuals using iCAN-DO. We analyzed the interviews using content analysis. RESULTS: The analysis found 17 subcategories regarding the stepped care intervention, resulting in 4 categories. Participants described the need for information as large and looked upon finding information almost as a survival strategy when receiving the cancer diagnosis. iCAN-DO was seen as a useful, reliable source of information and support. It was used as a complement to standard care and as a means to inform next of kin. Increased knowledge was a foundation for continued processing of participants' own feelings. The optimal time to gain access to iCAN-DO would have been when being informed of the diagnosis. The most common denominator was feeling acknowledged and supported, but with a desire for further adaptation of the system to each individual's own situation and needs. CONCLUSIONS: Users saw the internet-based stepped care program as safe and reliable and used it as a complement to standard care. Similar interventions may gain from more personalized contents, being integrated into standard care, or using symptom tracking to adjust the contents. Offering this type of program close to diagnosis may provide benefits to users. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClincalTrials.gov NCT-01630681; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01630681.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Depressão/terapia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
15.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 31, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32272971

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive fatigue after childhood cancer is frequently overlooked despite guidelines recommending follow-up, and might be mistaken for depression due to overlapping symptoms. Our objectives were: 1) to examine ratings of fatigue in survivors of paediatric brain tumours (BT) and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) compared to healthy controls, 2) to examine the relationship between symptoms of depression and cognitive fatigue, and 3) to evaluate parent-child concordance in ratings of cognitive fatigue. METHODS: Survivors of BT (n = 30), survivors of ALL (n = 30), and healthy controls (n = 60) aged 8-18 years completed the Pediatric Quality of Life Multidimensional Fatigue Scale and the Beck Youth Inventories. Associations between cognitive fatigue, diagnosis and depression were assessed with general linear modelling. Group differences were analysed using the Kruskal-Wallis test. Parent-child concordance was investigated with internal consistency reliability. RESULTS: Cognitive fatigue was prevalent in 70% of survivors of BT survivors and in 30% of survivors of ALL. Diagnosis was the main predictor of cognitive fatigue (p < .001, ηp2 = 0.178), followed by depression (p = .010, ηp2 = 0.080). Survivors of BT reported significantly more fatigue than healthy controls on all fatigue subscales. While they also expressed more symptoms of depression, we found no evidence for an interaction effect. Parent-child concordance was moderate to good among survivors, but poor for controls. CONCLUSIONS: Survivors of BT and ALL suffer from cognitive fatigue, with survivors of BT expressing more problems. Cognitive fatigue and depression should be assessed in survivors of childhood cancer using both self-rated and proxy-rated measures, and appropriate interventions offered.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/psicologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
16.
Physiother Theory Pract ; : 1-10, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166992

RESUMO

Introduction: Supervised exercise may improve physical function and quality of life during oncological treatment. Providing supervised exercise to all patients at hospitals may be impractical, with community-based settings (e.g. public gyms) as a possible alternative. To facilitate implementation, knowledge about the experiences of professionals who deliver exercise programs in community-based settings is crucial.Objective: To explore how physical therapists and personal trainers experience supervising exercise in a community-based setting for persons undergoing curative oncological treatment. Methods: Nine physical therapists and two personal trainers (coaches) were interviewed individually. The semi-structured interviews lasted 33-67 minutes and were analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Two main themes emerged: "A meaningful task" and "A challenging task," with nine sub-themes. The coaches experienced supervising exercise for persons undergoing treatment as meaningful, as they became a link between oncology care and health promotion. They grew more confident in the role and ascertained that exercising during treatment was feasible. Challenges included managing side effects of treatment and contradictory information from oncology care staff at hospitals, advising patients not to exercise.Conclusion: Supervising exercise for persons undergoing oncological treatment in a community-based setting may be highly rewarding for professionals who deliver exercise programs, which is promising for implementation. However, patients receive contradictory information about exercise, which may prevent physical activity. Also, supervising exercise for persons undergoing oncological treatment requires skills training; this is suggested for inclusion in educational programs for physical therapists and others. Future research should focus on strategies for cooperation between oncology care and health promotion.

17.
Nutr Diet ; 77(2): 223-230, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243870

RESUMO

AIM: Men with prostate cancer undergoing radiotherapy may experience acute and late bowel symptoms. Nutrition interventions have shown some benefits, however, adherence tends to decline over time. Qualitative studies, carried out after an intervention, are important to help explain trial results. The aim of the present study was to explore patient experience of participating in a nutrition intervention in a randomised controlled trial, with a focus on facilitators and barriers to adherence. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 15 men with prostate cancer recruited from a randomised controlled trial on a nutrition intervention during radiotherapy. Interviews were analysed with content analysis with an inductive approach. RESULTS: The informants were motivated to make dietary changes to avoid bowel symptoms. Social support, a feeling of contributing to the greater good, prior knowledge, dietary information and a small need for behaviour change facilitated adherence. Feeling limited, wanting to decide for themselves, the timing of the intervention, unmet expectations of dietary advice and loss of motivation, were described as barriers for adherence. CONCLUSIONS: Future nutrition intervention trials may benefit from involving significant others to a greater degree, as well as offering pre-set recipes and strategies to manage social events, and more sessions with the dietitian for patients in need of more support. Tailored interventions based on the individual's preferences, context and prior knowledge about food may further facilitate adherence.


Assuntos
Dieta , Estado Nutricional , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Idoso , Dieta/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia/métodos
18.
Cancer Nurs ; 43(2): E79-E86, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30688666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Symptom management in conjunction with proton beam therapy (PBT) from patient's perspective has not been explored. Such knowledge is essential to optimize the care in this relatively new treatment modality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the process of symptom management in patients with brain tumor receiving PBT. METHODS: Participants were 22 patients with primary brain tumor who received PBT, recruited in collaboration with a national center for proton therapy and 2 oncology clinics at 2 university hospitals in Sweden. Interviews using open-ended questions were conducted before, during, and/or after treatment. Verbatim interview transcripts were analyzed using classic Grounded Theory. RESULTS: "The art of living with symptoms" emerged as the core concept. This encompassed 3 interconnected symptom management concepts: "Adapting to limited ability," "Learning about oneself," and "Creating new routines." These concepts were summarized in a substantive theoretical model of symptom management. Despite the struggle to manage symptoms, participants lived a satisfactory life. CONCLUSIONS: Symptom management in conjunction with PBT comprises a process of action, thoughts, and emotions. The concepts that emerged indicated patients' symptom management strategies were based on their own resources. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: It is important that PBT facilities develop an approach that facilitates the symptom management process based on patients' experiences of symptoms, as well as their actions and available resources.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/psicologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Terapia com Prótons , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Suécia
19.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 44: 101713, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877511

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Impaired functioning due to cancer treatment is a challenge for daily life. Exercise during treatment can improve functioning. However, research describing experiences of how exercise affects activities of daily life is limited. We aimed to explore how individuals with cancer receiving curative treatment and participating in an exercise intervention experienced their functioning in daily life. METHODS: Twenty-one participants were recruited from Phys-Can, an exercise intervention study. Semi-structured interviews were conducted after the intervention had finished, and data was analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Two main themes evolved: "Striving to maintain a normal life in a new context" and "Struggling with impairments from side effects of cancer treatment". The supervised group exercise proved popular, and participants reported positive effects on physical and psychological functioning, as well as social and informative support from other participants. Participants struggled with impaired cognitive and physical functioning and exhaustion. They strove to maintain a normal life by adjusting their activities. CONCLUSIONS: Perceived physical and psychological benefits from exercise during cancer treatment suggest that exercise should be a part of cancer rehabilitation to facilitate activities and participation in daily life. Striving to maintain a normal life during cancer treatment is vital, and adjustments are needed to maintain activities and participation in daily life. Cancer nurses should motivate patients to engage in physical activity and encourage the introduction of exercise as part of their rehabilitation. They could also support patients in making adjustments to maintain functioning in daily life.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas/psicologia , Terapia por Exercício/psicologia , Motivação , Neoplasias/psicologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Brain Inj ; 34(2): 229-235, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657646

RESUMO

Objective: Prolonged mental fatigue and cognitive impairments are common after a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). This sets limits for rehabilitation and for regaining the capacity for work and participation in social life.Method: This follow-up study, over a period of approximately 5.5 years was designed to evaluate the effect and safety of methylphenidate treatment for mental fatigue after a mild TBI. A comparison was made between those who had continued, and those who had discontinued the treatment. The effect was also evaluated after a four-week treatment break.Results: Significant improvement in mental fatigue, depression, and anxiety for the group treated with methylphenidate (p < .001) was found, while no significant change was found for the group without methylphenidate. The methylphenidate treatment group also improved their processing speed (p = .008). Withdrawal produced a pronounced and significant deterioration in mental fatigue, depression, and anxiety and a slower processing speed. This indicates that the methylphenidate effect is reversible if discontinued and that continued methylphenidate treatment can be a prerequisite for long-term improvement. The effect was found to be stable and safe over the years.Conclusion: We suggest methylphenidate to be a possible treatment option for patients with post-TBI symptoms including mental fatigue and cognitive symptoms.

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