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1.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(3): 451-459, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30225949

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between serum levels of S100A8/A9 and S100A12 and the maintenance of clinically inactive disease during anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy and the occurrence of disease flare following withdrawal of anti-TNF therapy in patients with polyarticular forms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: In this prospective, multicenter study, 137 patients with polyarticular-course JIA whose disease was clinically inactive while receiving anti-TNF therapy were enrolled. Patients were observed for an initial 6-month phase during which anti-TNF treatment was continued. For those patients who maintained clinically inactive disease over the 6 months, anti-TNF was withdrawn and they were followed up for 8 months to assess for the occurrence of flare. Serum S100 levels were measured at baseline and at the time of anti-TNF withdrawal. Spearman's rank correlation test, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and Kaplan-Meier survival analyses were used to assess the relationship between serum S100 levels and maintenance of clinically inactive disease and occurrence of disease flare after anti-TNF withdrawal. RESULTS: Over the 6-month initial phase with anti-TNF therapy, the disease state reverted from clinically inactive to clinically active in 24 (18%) of the 130 evaluable patients with polyarticular-course JIA; following anti-TNF withdrawal, 39 (37%) of the 106 evaluable patients experienced a flare. Serum levels of S100A8/A9 and S100A12 were elevated in up to 45% of patients. Results of the ROC analysis revealed that serum S100 levels did not predict maintenance of clinically inactive disease during anti-TNF therapy nor did they predict disease flare after treatment withdrawal. Elevated levels of S100A8/A9 were not predictive of the occurrence of a disease flare within 30 days, 60 days, 90 days, or 8 months following anti-TNF withdrawal, and elevated S100A12 levels had a modest predictive ability for determining the risk of flare within 30, 60, and 90 days after treatment withdrawal. Serum S100A12 levels at the time of anti-TNF withdrawal were inversely correlated with the time to disease flare (r = -0.36). CONCLUSION: Serum S100 levels did not predict maintenance of clinically inactive disease or occurrence of disease flare in patients with polyarticular-course JIA, and S100A12 levels were only moderately, and inversely, correlated with the time to disease flare.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/sangue , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Calgranulina A/sangue , Calgranulina B/sangue , Proteína S100A12/sangue , Adolescente , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção/métodos , Masculino , Exacerbação dos Sintomas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Suspensão de Tratamento
2.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 70(9): 1508-1518, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29604189

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency, time to flare, and predictors of disease flare upon withdrawal of anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy in children with polyarticular forms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) who demonstrated ≥6 months of continuous clinically inactive disease. METHODS: In 16 centers 137 patients with clinically inactive JIA who were receiving anti-TNF therapy (42% of whom were also receiving methotrexate [MTX]) were prospectively followed up. If the disease remained clinically inactive for the initial 6 months of the study, anti-TNF was stopped and patients were assessed for flare at 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 months. Life-table analysis, t-tests, chi-square test, and Cox regression analysis were used to identify independent variables that could significantly predict flare by 8 months or time to flare. RESULTS: Of 137 patients, 106 (77%) maintained clinically inactive disease while receiving anti-TNF therapy for the initial 6 months and were included in the phase of the study in which anti-TNF therapy was stopped. Stopping anti-TNF resulted in disease flare in 39 (37%) of 106 patients by 8 months. The mean/median ± SEM time to flare was 212/250 ± 9.77 days. Patients with shorter disease duration at enrollment, older age at onset and diagnosis, shorter disease duration prior to experiencing clinically inactive disease, and shorter time from onset of clinically inactive disease to enrollment were found to have significantly lower hazard ratios for likelihood of flare by 8 months (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Over one-third of patients with polyarticular JIA with sustained clinically inactive disease will experience a flare by 8 months after discontinuation of anti-TNF therapy. Several predictors of lower likelihood of flare were identified.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/administração & dosagem , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Juvenil/patologia , Quimioterapia de Indução/estatística & dados numéricos , Suspensão de Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Tábuas de Vida , Masculino , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Exacerbação dos Sintomas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
3.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 56(9): 1542-1551, 2017 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28582527

RESUMO

Objective: The mechanisms that determine the efficacy or inefficacy of MTX in JIA are ill-defined. The objective of this study was to identify a gene expression transcriptional signature associated with poor response to MTX in patients with JIA. Methods: RNA sequencing was used to measure gene expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected from 47 patients with JIA prior to MTX treatment and 14 age-matched controls. Differentially expressed baseline genes between responders and non-responders were evaluated. Biological differences between all JIA patients and controls were explored by constructing a signature of differentially expressed genes. Unsupervised clustering and pathway analysis was performed. Results: A signature of 99 differentially expressed genes (Bonferroni-corrected P < 0.05) capturing the biological differences between all JIA patients and controls was identified. Unsupervised clustering of samples based on this list of 99 genes produced subgroups enriched for MTX response status. Comparing this gene signature with reference signatures from sorted cell populations revealed high concordance between the expression signatures of monocytes and of MTX non-responders. CXCL8 (IL-8) was the most significantly differentially expressed gene transcript comparing all JIA patients with controls (Bonferroni-corrected P = 4.12 × 10-10). Conclusion: Variability in clinical response to MTX in JIA patients is associated with differences in gene transcripts modulated in monocytes. These gene expression profiles may provide a basis for biomarkers predictive of treatment response.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Juvenil/genética , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Transcrição Genética , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Monócitos/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transcriptoma , Falha de Tratamento
4.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 68(2): 179-86, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26219749

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of medical care in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) at tertiary pediatric rheumatology centers as measured by observance of SLE quality indicators (SLE-QIs). METHODS: International consensus has been achieved for childhood-onset SLE-QIs capturing medical care provision in 9 domains: diagnostic testing, education of cardiovascular (CV) risk and lifestyles, lupus nephritis (LN), medication management, bone health, ophthalmologic surveillance, transition, pregnancy, and vaccination. Using medical record information, the level of performance of these childhood-onset SLE-QIs was assessed in childhood-onset SLE populations treated at 4 tertiary pediatric rheumatology centers in the US, 2 in Brazil, and 1 center in India. RESULTS: A total of 483 childhood-onset SLE patients were assessed. Care for the 310 US patients differed markedly for childhood-onset SLE-QIs addressing LN, bone health, vaccinations, education on CV risk, and transition planning. Performance of safety blood testing for medications was high at all centers. Despite often similar performance on the childhood-onset SLE-QI, access to kidney biopsies was lower in Brazil than in the US. Irrespective of the country of practice, larger centers tended to meet the childhood-onset SLE-QIs more often than smaller centers. CONCLUSION: The childhood-onset SLE-QIs, evidence-based minimum standards of medical care, are not consistently met in the US or some other countries outside the US. This has the potential to contribute to suboptimal childhood-onset SLE outcomes.


Assuntos
Benchmarking , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 11(4): 194-204, 2005 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16357756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to perform an initial validation of the Gastrointestinal Symptom Scale for Kids (GISSK) in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA); and too evaluate the relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in JRA. METHODS: A convenience sample of 77 children (median age, 10 years; range, 2-18 years) with JRA requiring second-line agents and one of their parents were interviewed. GI symptoms during the preceding 1 week were measured using the GISSK, which consists of 2 components, a visual analog scale of GI symptom severity (GISSK-VAS) and an 8-item questionnaire (GISSK-Q; score 0-8; 0= no GI symptoms). Information on medications, joint involvement with arthritis, and a physician rating of disease activity were obtained. Patient-centered outcomes included the Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) to assess disability and discomfort. HRQOL was measured by the Pediatric Quality of Life Generic Core Scale (PedsQL-GC) and the Rheumatology Module (PedsQL-RM), as well as a visual analog scale (VAS-health). To determine test-retest reliability, the GISSK was completed by 40 parents twice within a 1- to 2-week period. To determine the quality of parent proxy-reporting, parent ratings were compared with those of their children aged 8 years or older. RESULTS: GI symptoms were present in the majority of the patients with JRA (58%). Compared with other patients with JRA, those with a GISSK-Q score of > or =2 had significantly lower HRQOL (PedsQL-GC: P < 0.04; PedsQL-RM: P < 0.05; VAS-health: P < 0.02) and more disability (CHAQ: P < 0.002), despite similar disease activity and joint findings. Similar relationships were observed for the GISSK-VAS with traditional outcomes and HRQOL. The test-retest reliability of the GISSK was good (ICCGISSK-Q = 0.60; ICCGISSK-VAS = 0.67). The quality of parent proxy-reporting was fair to good (ICCGISSK-Q = 0.47; ICCGISSK-VAS = 0.66). CONCLUSION: GI symptoms are frequent among children with JRA requiring advanced therapies and, if moderate or severe, are associated with significantly lower HRQOL. The GISSK is a reliable and valid measure of GI symptoms and their severity in JRA. This self-administered measure can be used to screen for GI symptoms in clinical practice and may be useful to assess the effects of medication changes on the perceived GI side effects in children with JRA.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Gastroenteropatias/etiologia , Nível de Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
J Rheumatol ; 32(1): 150-61, 2005 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15630741

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ) is a commonly used measure of disability and physical function for children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), whose scores range between 0 (no disability) and 3 (very severe disability), with a smallest potential difference in the CHAQ score of individuals at 0.125. We estimated minimal clinically important differences (MCID) of the CHAQ for worsening and improvement that were actually experienced by children with JRA using patient, parent, and clinical perspectives. METHODS: Changes in CHAQ scores were calculated for parent (n = 92) and patient ratings (children age > or = 8 yrs only; n = 67) between subsequent clinic visits. Changes in patient well being and disease activity and the occurrence of flare or important improvement between visits served as external standards for the MCID. MCID were defined as the median changes of the CHAQ scores of individual patients who had a minimal important improvement or worsening between visits. RESULTS: The median change in CHAQ scores of patients who rated themselves or were rated by others as unchanged was often 0. Depending on the external standard used, the MCID for improvement of the CHAQ was -0.188 at most, while the MCID for worsening was at most +0.125. CONCLUSION: The MCID of the CHAQ for both improvement and worsening are often at or close to the level of the smallest potential difference, suggesting that the CHAQ is relatively insensitive to important short term changes in children with JRA. This may warrant a change in the calculation of the global CHAQ score, or the development of more sensitive functional measures.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Avaliação da Deficiência , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Nível de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Artrite Reumatoide/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Arthritis Rheum ; 51(5): 763-73, 2004 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15478144

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the strength of the association between different measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL), disability, pain, and well-being in children with chronic arthritis. To evaluate whether HRQOL scores vary as a function of disability status beyond chance. To assess the quality of the parent proxy report for HRQOL as compared with disability, pain, and well-being. METHODS: Measures of HRQOL (visual analog scale [VAS] of health, Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory [PedsQL], Juvenile Arthritis Quality of Life Questionnaire (JAQQ), and modified standard gamble technique [SG]), disability (Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire), VAS of pain, and VAS of well-being (VAS-well) were completed by the parents (n = 119) and patients > or =8 years (SG: > or =12 years). RESULTS: HRQOL was highest when measured by the SG, whose utilities were no more than weakly correlated with any of the other outcomes. The values of all other HRQOL measures were at least moderately correlated with each other and with the VAS-well. Irrespective of the measure used, disability was associated with significantly decreased HRQOL. There was fair to good agreement and moderate consistency of the HRQOL ratings (SG: fair consistency) between patients and parents with marked differences between health domains. CONCLUSION: HRQOL measured by the PedsQL, JAQQ, and VAS are moderately to highly correlated with each other in children with chronic arthritis. The children's HRQOL significantly decreases with increasing disability. Despite more pronounced differences for some health domains, parents are moderate to good proxy reporters of HRQOL, disability, and well-being of children with chronic arthritis.


Assuntos
Artrite/diagnóstico , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Adolescente , Adulto , Artralgia/etiologia , Artrite/complicações , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pais , Procurador , Qualidade de Vida
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