Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 7 de 7
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427173

RESUMO

A novel coronavirus (COVID-19) causing acute illness with severe symptoms has been isolated in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Since its emergence, cases have been found worldwide, reminiscent of severe acute respiratory syndrome and Middle East respiratory syndrome outbreaks over the past 2 decades. Current understanding of this epidemic remains limited due to its rapid development and available data. While occurrence outside mainland China remains low, the likelihood of increasing cases globally continues to rise. Given this potential, it is imperative that emergency clinicians understand the preliminary data behind the dynamics of this disease, recognize possible presentations of patients, and understand proposed treatment modalities.

2.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 88(2): 298-304, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Partial resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (pREBOA) and intermittent REBOA (iREBOA) are techniques to extend the therapeutic duration of REBOA by balloon titration for distal flow or cyclical balloon inflation/deflation to allow transient distal flow, respectively. We hypothesized that manually titrated pREBOA would reduce blood losses and ischemic burden when compared with iREBOA. METHODS: Following 20% blood volume controlled hemorrhage, 10 anesthetized pigs underwent uncontrolled hemorrhage from the right iliac artery and vein. Once in hemorrhagic shock, animals underwent 15 minutes of complete zone 1 REBOA followed by 75 minutes of either pREBOA or iREBOA (n = 5/group). After 90 minutes, definitive hemorrhage control was obtained, animals were resuscitated with the remaining collected blood, and then received 2 hours of critical care. RESULTS: There were no differences in mortality. Animals randomized to iREBOA spent a larger portion of the time at full occlusion when compared with pREBOA (median, 70 minutes; interquartile range [IQR], 70-80 vs. median, 20 minutes; IQR, 20-40, respectively; p = 0.008). While the average blood pressure during the intervention period was equivalent between groups, this was offset by large fluctuations in blood pressure and significantly more rescue occlusions for hypotension with iREBOA. Despite lower maximum aortic flow rates, the pREBOA group tolerated a greater total amount of distal aortic flow during the intervention period (median, 20.9 L; IQR, 20.1-23.0 vs. median, 9.8 L; IQR, 6.8-10.3; p = 0.03) with equivalent abdominal blood losses. Final plasma lactate and creatinine concentrations were equivalent, although iREBOA animals had increased duodenal edema on histology. CONCLUSION: Compared with iREBOA, pREBOA reduced the time spent at full occlusion and the number of precipitous drops in proximal mean arterial pressure while delivering more distal aortic flow but not increasing total blood loss in this highly lethal injury model. Neither technique demonstrated a survival benefit. Further refinement of these techniques is necessary before clinical guidelines are issued.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Animais , Aorta/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Oclusão com Balão/instrumentação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Ressuscitação/efeitos adversos , Ressuscitação/instrumentação , Choque Hemorrágico/etiologia , Choque Hemorrágico/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Sus scrofa , Fatores de Tempo , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico
3.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 87(3): 590-598, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cardiac effects of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) are largely unknown. We hypothesized that increased afterload from REBOA would lead to cardiac injury, and that partial flow using endovascular variable aortic control (EVAC) would mitigate this injury. METHODS: Eighteen anesthetized swine underwent controlled 25% blood volume hemorrhage. Animals were randomized to either Zone 1 REBOA, Zone 1 EVAC, or no intervention (control) for 45 minutes. Animals were then resuscitated with shed blood, observed during critical care, and euthanized after a 6-hour total experimental time. Left ventricular function was measured with a pressure-volume catheter, and blood samples were drawn at routine intervals. RESULTS: The average cardiac output during the intervention period was higher in the REBOA group (9.3 [8.6-15.4] L/min) compared with the EVAC group (7.2 [5.8-8.0] L/min, p = 0.01) and the control group (6.8 [5.8-7.7] L/min, p < 0.01). At the end of the intervention, the preload recruitable stroke work was significantly higher in both the REBOA and EVAC groups compared with the control group (111.2 [102.5-148.6] and 116.7 [116.6-141.4] vs. 67.1 [62.7-87.9], p = 0.02 and p < 0.01, respectively). The higher preload recruitable stroke work was maintained throughout the experiment in the EVAC group, but not in the REBOA group. Serum troponin concentrations after 6 hours were higher in the REBOA group compared with both the EVAC and control groups (6.26 ± 5.35 ng/mL vs 0.92 ± 0.61 ng/mL and 0.65 ± 0.38 ng/mL, p = 0.05 and p = 0.03, respectively). Cardiac intramural hemorrhage was higher in the REBOA group compared with the control group (1.67 ± 0.46 vs. 0.17 ± 0.18, p = 0.03), but not between the EVAC and control groups. CONCLUSION: In a swine model of hemorrhagic shock, complete aortic occlusion resulted in cardiac injury, although there was no direct decrease in cardiac function. EVAC mitigated the cardiac injury and improved cardiac performance during resuscitation and critical care.


Assuntos
Aorta , Oclusão com Balão , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Isquemia Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Ressuscitação/métodos , Animais , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Aorta/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Masculino , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Suínos , Função Ventricular Esquerda
4.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 85(3): 519-526, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30142105

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is effective at limiting hemorrhage from noncompressible sources and restoring but causes progressive distal ischemia, supraphysiologic pressures, and increased cardiac afterload. Endovascular variable aortic control (EVAC) addresses these limitations, while still controlling hemorrhage. Previous work demonstrated improved outcomes following a 90-minute intervention period in an uncontrolled hemorrhage model. The present study compares automated EVAC to REBOA over an occlusion period reflective of contemporary REBOA usage. METHODS: Following instrumentation, 12 Yorkshire-cross swine underwent controlled 25% hemorrhage, a 45-minute intervention period of EVAC or REBOA, and subsequent resuscitation with whole blood and critical care for the remainder of a 6-hour experiment. Hemodynamics were acquired continuously, and laboratory parameters were assessed at routine intervals. Tissue was collected for histopathologic analysis. RESULTS: No differences were seen in baseline parameters. During intervention, EVAC resulted in more physiologic proximal pressure augmentation compared with REBOA (101 vs. 129 mm Hg; 95% confidence interval [CI], 105-151 mm Hg; p = 0.04). During critical care, EVAC animals required less than half the amount of crystalloid (3,450 mL; 95% CI, 1,215-5,684 mL] vs. 7,400 mL [95% CI, 6,148-8,642 mL]; p < 0.01) and vasopressors (21.5 ng/kg [95% CI, 7.5-35.5 ng/kg] vs. 50.5 ng/kg [95% CI, 40.5-60.5 ng/kg]; p = 0.05) when compared with REBOA animals. Endovascular variable aortic control resulted in lower peak and final lactate levels. Endovascular variable aortic control animals had less aortic hyperemia from reperfusion with aortic flow rates closer to baseline (36 mL/kg per minute [95% CI, 30-44 mL/kg per minute] vs. 51 mL/kg per minute [95% CI, 41-61 mL/kg per minute]; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: For short durations of therapy, EVAC produces superior hemodynamics and less ischemic insult than REBOA in this porcine-controlled hemorrhage model, with improved outcomes during critical care. This study suggests EVAC is a viable strategy for in-hospital management of patients with hemorrhagic shock from noncompressible sources. Survival studies are needed to determine if these early differences persist over time.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/terapia , Animais , Aorta/patologia , Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia/terapia , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Masculino , Reperfusão , Ressuscitação/métodos , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Suínos
5.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 82(4): 694-703, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28166165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Future endovascular hemorrhage control devices will require features that mitigate the adverse effects of vessel occlusion. Permissive regional hypoperfusion (PRH) with variable aortic control (VAC) is a novel strategy to minimize hemorrhage and reduce the ischemic burden of complete aortic occlusion (AO). The objective of this study was to compare PRH with VAC to AO in a lethal model of hemorrhage. METHODS: Twenty-five swine underwent cannulation of the supraceliac aorta, with diversion of aortic flow through an automated extracorporeal circuit. After creation of uncontrolled liver hemorrhage, animals were randomized to 90 minutes of treatment: Control (full, unregulated flow; n = 5), AO (no flow; n = 10), and PRH with VAC (dynamic distal flow initiated after 20 minutes of AO; n = 10). In the PRH group, distal flow rates were regulated between 100 and 300 mL/min based on a desired, preset range of proximal mean arterial pressure (MAP). At 90 minutes, damage control surgery, resuscitation, and restoration of full flow ensued. Critical care continued for 4.5 hours or until death. Hemodynamic parameters and markers of ischemia were recorded. RESULTS: Study survival was 0%, 50%, and 90% for control, AO, and VAC, respectively (p < 0.01). During intervention, VAC resulted in more physiologic proximal MAP (84 ± 18 mm Hg vs. 105 ± 9 mm Hg, p < 0.01) and higher renal blood flow than AO animals (p = 0.02). During critical care, VAC resulted in higher proximal MAP (73 ± 8 mm Hg vs. 50 ± 6 mm Hg, p < 0.01), carotid and renal blood flow (p < 0.01), lactate clearance (p < 0.01), and urine output (p < 0.01) than AO despite requiring half the volume of crystalloids to maintain proximal MAP ≥50 mm Hg (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Permissive regional hypoperfusion with variable aortic control minimizes the adverse effects of distal ischemia, optimizes proximal pressure to the brain and heart, and prevents exsanguination in this model of lethal hemorrhage. These findings provide foundational knowledge for the continued development of this novel paradigm and inform next-generation endovascular designs.


Assuntos
Aorta , Hemorragia/terapia , Técnicas Hemostáticas/instrumentação , Fígado/lesões , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hemodinâmica , Hemorragia/fisiopatologia , Monitorização Fisiológica , Distribuição Aleatória , Ressuscitação , Taxa de Sobrevida , Suínos
6.
Shock ; 46(3 Suppl 1): 12-9, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27172156

RESUMO

Management of non-compressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) remains a challenge despite continued advancements in trauma resuscitation. Resuscitative thoracotomy with aortic cross-clamping and recent advances in endovascular aortic occlusion, including resuscitative endovascular occlusion of the aorta, have finite durations of therapy due to the inherent physiologic stressors that accompany complete occlusion. Here, we attempt to illuminate the current state of aortic occlusion for trauma resuscitation including explanation of the deleterious consequences of complete occlusion, potential methods and limitations of existing technology to overcome these consequences, and a description of innovative methods to improve the resuscitation of NCTH. By explaining the complexity and potential deleterious effects of resuscitation augmented with aortic occlusion, our goal is to provide practitioners with a real-world perspective on current endovascular technology and to encourage the continued innovation required to overcome existing obstacles.


Assuntos
Hemorragia/cirurgia , Hemorragia/terapia , Aorta Torácica/lesões , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Humanos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Choque Hemorrágico/cirurgia , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 81(2): 294-301, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27070441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The duration of use and efficacy of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is limited by distal ischemia. We developed a hybrid endovascular-extracorporeal circuit variable aortic control (VAC) device to extend REBOA duration in a lethal model of hemorrhagic shock to serve as an experimental surrogate to further the development of endovascular VAC (EVAC) technologies. METHODS: Nine Yorkshire-cross swine were anesthetized, instrumented, splenectomized, and subjected to 30% liver amputation. Following a short period of uncontrolled hemorrhage, REBOA was instituted for 20 minutes. Automated variable occlusion in response to changes in proximal mean arterial pressure was applied for the remaining 70 minutes of the intervention phase using the automated extracorporeal circuit. Damage-control surgery and whole blood resuscitation then occurred, and the animals were monitored for a total of 6 hours. RESULTS: Seven animals survived the initial surgical preparation. After 20 minutes of complete REBOA, regulated flow was initiated through the extracorporeal circuit to simulate VAC and provide perfusion to distal tissue beds during the 90-minute intervention phase. Two animals required circuit occlusion for salvage, while five animals tolerated sustained, escalating restoration of distal blood flow before surgical hemorrhage control. Animals tolerating distal flow had preserved renal function, maintained proximal blood pressure, and rapidly weaned from complete REBOA. CONCLUSION: We combined a novel automated, extracorporeal circuit with complete REBOA to achieve EVAC in a swine model of uncontrolled hemorrhage. Our approach regulated proximal aortic pressure, alleviated supranormal values above the balloon, and provided controlled distal aortic perfusion that reduced ischemia without inducing intolerable bleeding. This experimental model serves as a temporary surrogate to guide future EVAC catheter designs that may provide transformational approaches to hemorrhagic shock.


Assuntos
Aorta , Oclusão com Balão/instrumentação , Ressuscitação/instrumentação , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Hemodinâmica , Fígado/lesões , Choque Hemorrágico/fisiopatologia , Suínos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA